Engineering Mechanics Ruslan S.

Abdul Rahman

Moment of Inertia (Second Moment)
The moment of inertia of the area about a given axis is the sum of the products of the
elementary are as into which the body can be sub-divided and the square of the
distance of the centroids of these elementary area from that axis.
A-Moment of inertia at composite area (Uniform Area) (Parallel Axis Theorem)
The moment of inertia of any figure about any axis can be found as:

̅ + A ???
Ix = I?
And
̅ + A ???
Iy = I?

The moment of inertia for composite area is:
Ix = ??? + ??? +???
Also
Iy = ??? + ??? +???

Radius of Gyration of an area
From the moment of inertia and area the radius of gyration of an area are determined
from the formulas:

?? ??
Kx = √ , Ky = √
? ?

1

d2 4 1 = π (25)4 + π (25)2(75)2 = 11.Engineering Mechanics Ruslan S.axis.For circle or part (2) Ix2 = I?̅ + A ?2 1 = π R4 + π R2.d2 12 1 = (100)(150)3+(100)(150)(75)2 = 1125.For rectangle or part (1) Ix1 = I?̅ + A ?2 75mm 1 = bh3+ bh.5 x 106 mm4 (1) 12 .4 x 106 = 101 x 106 mm4 2 .5 x 106 – 11. 100mm 75mm 75mm 100mm SOLUTION 75mm .4 x 106 mm4 (2) 4 Ix = Ix1 – Ix2 Ix = 1125. Abdul Rahman EX1 // Compute the moment of inertia for the composite area shown in Fig below about the x .

SOLUTION .Engineering Mechanics Ruslan S.d2 12 1 (2) = (6)(24)3+(24)(6)(zero) = 6912 mm4 12 . Abdul Rahman EX3 // Determine the moment of inertia and the radius of gyration of the shaded area with respect to the y .For part (1) (1) Iy1 = I?̅ + A ? 2 1 = hb3+ bh.axis.d2 12 1 = (48)(8)3+(48)(8)(zero) = 2048 mm4 12 .For part (3) Iy3 = I?̅ + A ? 2 1 = hb3+ bh.87 mm ? ??? 3 .For part (2) (3) Iy2 = I?̅ + A ? 2 1 = hb3+ bh.d2 12 1 = (6)(48)3+(48)(6)(zero) = 55296 mm4 12 Iy = Iy1 + Iy2 + Iy3 Iy = 6912 + 2048 + 55296 = 64256 mm4 A = A1 + A2 + A3 A = (24)(6) + (48)(8) + (48)(6) = 816 mm2 ?? ????? Ky = √ = √ = 8.

For part (2) Iy2 = I?̅ + A ? 2 1 1 10 cm = hb3+ hb.Engineering Mechanics Ruslan S. d2 36 2 1 (5)(10) 5 2 = (10)(5) + 3 . d 4 2 2 8 2 1 1 (4)(5) 2 = π (5)4 + [( ) ? (5)2 . Abdul Rahman EX3// Compute the Iy for the composite area shown in Fig below: 10 cm 5 cm SOLUTION 10 cm . (10 − ) ] = 2680 cm4 8 2 3? Iy = Iy1 + Iy2 .For part (1) Iy1 = I?̅ + A ? 2 10 cm 1 (1) = hb3+ bh. ( ) = 104 cm4 (2) 36 2 3 5 cm .Iy3 Iy = 3333+ 104 .d2 12 1 = (10)(10)3+(10)(10)(5)2 = 3333 cm4 12 .For part (3) Iy3 = I?̅ + A ? 2 10 cm 1 1 = πR + πR .2680 = 757 cm4 (3) 4 .

Compute Ix for Ex3.Determine the moment of inertia for the area shown in figure about the x – axis and y . 2. 3.Compute the moment of inertia in Ex1 about the y – axis. 5 . Abdul Rahman HW: 1.axis.Engineering Mechanics Ruslan S. 4.Find the moment of inertia and the radius of gyration in Ex2 about the x – axis.