AB02

Common Base NPN
Transistor Characteristics

Analog Lab
Experiment Board
Ver. 1.0

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AB02

Scientech Technologies Pvt. Ltd. 2

.................................................................................................................................................................................................................19 List of Accessories.............................. Ltd........................................AB02 Common Base NPN Transistor Characteristics AB02 TABLE OF CONTENTS Table of Contents Introduction......................................18 LIST OF SERVICE CENTERS................................................................. 3 ..6 EXPERIMENT...................16 WARRANTY.............20 Scientech Technologies Pvt................................................................9 DATASHEET.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................4 THEORY.....................................................................................

function generator. AC power supply. continuity tester. List of Boards : Model Name AB01 Diode characteristics (Si. 4 . It can be used as stand alone unit with external DC power supply or can be used with SCIENTECH Analog Lab ST2612 which has built in DC power supply. modulation generator. ready to use Transistor Characteristics experiment board. Ltd. toggle switches.AB02 Introduction AB02 is a compact. This is useful for students to plot different characteristics of NPN transistor in common base configuration and to understand various region of operation of PNP transistor. Zener. and potentiometer. LED) AB03 Transistor characteristics (CB PNP) AB04 Transistor characteristics (CE NPN) AB05 Transistor characteristics (CE PNP) AB06 Transistor characteristics (CC NPN) AB07 Transistor characteristics (CC PNP) AB08 FET characteristics AB09 Rectifier Circuits AB10 Wheatstone Bridge AB11 Maxwell’s Bridge AB14 Darlington Pair AB15 Common Emitter Amplifier AB16 Common Collector Amplifier AB17 Common Base Amplifier AB18 Cascode Amplifier AB19 RC-Coupled Amplifier AB20 Direct Coupled Amplifier AB21 Class a Amplifier AB22 Class B Amplifier (push pull emitter follower) AB23 Class C Tuned Amplifier AB25 Phase Locked Loop (FM Demodulator & Frequency Divider / Multiplier) AB28 Multivibrator ( Mono stable / Astable) AB29 F-V and V-F Converter AB30 V-I and I-V Converter AB31 Zener Voltage Regulator AB32 Transistor Series Voltage Regulator AB33 Transistor Shunt Voltage Regulator AB41 Differential Amplifier (Transistorized) AB42 Operational Amplifier (Inverting / Non-inverting / Differentiator) AB43 Operational Amplifier (Adder/Scalar) AB44 Operational Amplifier (Integrator/ Differentiator) AB45 Schmitt Trigger and Comparator AB51 Active filters (Low Pass and High Pass) AB52 Active Band Pass Filter AB53 Notch Filter AB54 Tschebyscheff Filter AB56 Fiber Optic Analog Link AB65 Phase Shift Oscillator AB66 Wien Bridge Oscillators AB67 Colpitt Oscillator AB68 Hartley Oscillator AB80 RLC Series and RLC Parallel Resonance AB81 Kirchoff’s Laws (Kirchhoff’s Current Law & Kirchhoff’s Voltage Law) AB82 Thevenin’s and Maximum power Transfer Theorem AB83 Reciprocity and Superposition Theorem AB84 Tellegen’s Theorem AB85 Norton’s theorem AB88 Diode Clipper AB89 Diode Clampers Scientech Technologies Pvt.

5 . Ltd.AB02 AB90 Two port network parameter AB91 Optical Transducer (Photovoltaic cell) AB92 Optical Transducer (Photoconductive cell/LDR) AB93 Optical Transducer (PhotoTransistor) AB96 Temperature Transducer (RTD & IC335) AB97 Temperature Transducer (Thermocouple) AB101 DSB Modulator and Demodulator AB102 SSB Modulator and Demodulator AB106 FM Modulator and Demodulator ………… and many more Scientech Technologies Pvt.

Constant current transfer characteristic. which represent relationship between different dc currents and voltages of a transistor. Input characteristic. These are helpful in studying the operation of a transistor when connected in a circuit. it is the curve plotted between the input current (IE) verses input voltage (VBE) for various constant values of output voltage (VCB). 6 . Fig. This characteristic reveal that for fixed value of output voltage VCB. Ltd. Input Characteristic : In common base configuration. 2. the emitter current increases in a manner that closely resembles the diode characteristics. as the base to emitter voltage increases.AB02 THEORY Transistor characteristics are the curves. 1 Scientech Technologies Pvt. 3. 1. The three important characteristics of a transistor are: 1. The approximated plot for input characteristic is shown in Fig. Output characteristic.

In cutoff region the collector base junction and base emitter junction of the transistor both are reverse biased. In this region transistor acts as an OFF switch. Ltd. Fig. cutoff region and saturation region. This region is normally employed for linear (undistorted) amplifier. In saturation region the collector base junction and base emitter junction of the transistor both are forward biased. In this region transistor acts as an ON switch. The output characteristic has three basic region of interest as indicated in fig. 7 .AB02 Output Characteristic : This is the curve plotted between the output current IC verses output voltage VCB for various constant values of input current IE. In active region the collector base junction is reverse biased while the base emitter junction if forward biased. 2 Scientech Technologies Pvt.2 the active region.

Fig. The approximated plot for this characteristic is shown in Fig 3.AB02 Constant current transfer Characteristic : This is the curve plotted between output collector current IC verses input emitter current IE for constant value of output voltage VCB. Ltd. 8 . 3 Scientech Technologies Pvt.

Input resistance 2. -5V from external source or ST2612 Analog Lab. 4 Scientech Technologies Pvt. Circuit diagram : Circuit used to plot different characteristics of transistor is shown in Fig 4. Current gain Apparatus required : 1. Output resistance 3. Fig. 3. Analog board of AB02. Ltd. 2. 4. 2 mm patch cords.AB02 EXPERIMENT Objective : To study the characteristics of NPN transistor in common base configuration and to evaluate 1. 9 . DC power supplies +12V. Digital Multimeter (3 numbers).

Repeat the procedure from step 6 for different sets of output voltage VCB. 8. 2V…) 7. Vary the potentiometer P1 so as to increase the value of input voltage VBE from zero to 0. • To plot input characteristics proceed as follows : 1. Plot a curve between input voltage VBE and input current IE as shown in Fig 1 using suitable scale with the help of observation Table l. 10. Rotate potentiometer P1 fully in CCW direction. Ltd. 9.9V in step and measure the corresponding values of input current IE for different constant value of output voltage VCB in an observation Table 1. Short or connect a 2mm patch cord between test point 4 and 5 4. Switch ON the power supply. Vary potentiometer P2 and set a value of output voltage VCB at some constant value (1V. 2. 10 . This curve is the required input characteristic. Connect Ammeter between test point 2 and 3 to measure input emitter current IE(mA).AB02 Procedure : • Connect -5V and +12V dc power supplies at their indicated position from external source or ST2612 Analog Lab. Scientech Technologies Pvt. 3. Connect one voltmeter between test point 1 and ground to measure input voltage VBE other voltmeter between test point 6 and ground to measure output voltage VCB. Rotate both the potentiometer P1 and P2 fully in CCW (counter clockwise direction). 6. 5.

0.4V 6.7V 9.AB02 Observation Table 1 : Input Input current IE(mA) at constant value of S.2V 4. Connect one Ammeter between test point 2 and 3 to measure input current I E(mA) and other Ammeter between test point 4 and 5 to measure output current IC(mA). Rotate potentiometer P2 fully in CCW direction.1V 3.. Plot a curve between output voltage VCB and output current IC as shown in Fig 2 using suitable scale with the help of observation Table 2. 8. 0. 1mA. 9. Vary the potentiometer P2 so as to increase the value of output voltage VCB from zero to maximum value in step and measure the corresponding values of output current IC for different constant value of input current IE in an observation Table 2. Rotate both the potentiometer P1 and P2 fully in CCW (counterclockwise direction). Vary potentiometer P1 and set a value of input current IE at some constant value (0mA.0V 2.) 7. 0.3V 5.9V • To plot output characteristics proceed as follows: 1. 0. voltage output voltage VBE VCB = 1V VCB = 3V VCB =5V 1. Switch OFF the power supply. Ltd. 10. 5.8V 10. 0.5V 7. Repeat the procedure from step 6 for different sets of input current IE. 0. 6.. 0. 3.no. 0. 0. Connect voltmeter between test point 6 and ground to measure output voltage VCB. Switch ON the power supply. 11 . 0. This curve is the required output characteristic. 2. 4.6V 8. Observation Table 2 : Scientech Technologies Pvt.

AB02 Input current IC (mA) at constant value of Input input voltage S. 3. Rotate both the potentiometer P1 and P2 fully in CCW (counter clockwise direction). Connect voltmeter between test point 6 and ground to measure output voltage VCB. 5. Plot a curve between output current IC and input current IE as shown in Fig 3 using suitable scale with the help of observation Table 3. 12 .no. 0. Ltd. 7.5V 4. 2.0V • To plot constant current transfer characteristics proceed as follows: 1. 7.0V 6. 6.0V 8. 2. 4.0V 3.0V 10. -1. Observation Table 3 : Scientech Technologies Pvt. 5. 0. voltage VCB IE = IE = 1mA IE = 2mA IE = 3mA IE = 4mA 0mA 1. 6.0V 7. 1. 4. Vary the potentiometer P1 so as to increase the value of input current I E from zero to 10 mA in step and measure the corresponding values of output current IC in an observation Table 3.0V 5. Connect one Ammeter between test point 2 and 3 to measure input current IE (mA) and other Ammeter between test point 4 and 5 to measure output current IC (mA). Vary potentiometer P2 and set a value of output voltage VCB at maximum value. 8.0V 2.0V 9. Switch ON the power supply. 3. This curve is the required Transfer characteristic. Switch OFF the power supply.

AB02 Input Output current IC (mA) at S. 5. 7.0 mA 5.0 mA 6. 13 .0 mA Scientech Technologies Pvt. current constant output voltage IE (mA) VCB = 10 V 1.0 mA 7. 4.0 mA 2.0 mA 10. 0.no. 8.0 mA 3.0 mA 8.0 mA 9. 6.0 mA 4. 2. Ltd. 3. 9. 1.

Output resistance: It is the ratio of change in the output voltage VCB to change in the output current IC at constant value of input current IE or it is the reciprocal of the slope obtained from the output characteristic. Input resistance: It is the ratio of change in the input voltage VBE to change in the input current IE at constant value of output voltage VCB or it is the reciprocal of the slope obtained from the input characteristic. 2. It is denoted by αac Scientech Technologies Pvt. Current gain: It is the ratio of change in the output current IC to change in the input current IE at constant value of output voltage VCB or it is the slope obtained from the constant current transfer characteristic. Mathematically To calculate output resistance determine the slope from the output characteristic curve obtained from observation Table 2. Ltd. Reciprocal of this slope will give the required output resistance. Reciprocal of this slope will give the required input resistance. Mathematically To calculate input resistance determine the slope from the input characteristic curve obtained from observation Table 1.AB02 Calculations : 1. 14 . 3.

15 .AB02 Mathematically αac = Slope of constant current transfer characteristic = ∆IC ∆IE To calculate current gain. Results: Input resistance Rin = ________________ Output resistance Rout = ________________ Current Gain αac = ________________ Scientech Technologies Pvt. determine the slope from the constant current transfer characteristic curve obtained from observation Table 3. Ltd. This slope is the required current gain.

16 .AB02 DATASHEET Scientech Technologies Pvt. Ltd.

17 .AB02 Scientech Technologies Pvt. Ltd.

a) If the instrument is not operated as per instruction given in the instruction manual. 18 . DESPATCH PROCEDURE FOR SERVICE Should it become necessary to send back the instrument to factory please observe the following procedure: 1) Before dispatching the instrument please write to us giving fully details of the fault noticed. d) Provided no attempt have been made to service and modify the instrument. Scientech Technologies Pvt. provided the instrument is dispatched securely packed and insured with the railways. date of purchase etc. will advise you whether it is necessary to send the instrument back to us for repairs or the adjustment is possible in your premises. b) If the agreed payment terms and other conditions of sale are not followed. To and fro charges will be to the account of the customer. of the instrument. Dispatch the instrument (only on the receipt of our advice) securely packed in original packing duly insured and freight paid along with accessories and a copy of the details noticed to us at our factory address. and defect will be rectified as far as lies within our control. 3) The guarantee will become INVALID. Ltd. 2) After receipt of your letter our repairs dept. 5) The repair work will be carried out. 2) The guarantee covers manufacturing defects in respect of indigenous components and material limited to the warranty extended to us by the original manufacturer. no.AB02 WARRANTY 1) We guarantee the instrument against all manufacturing defects during 24 months from the date of sale by us or through our dealers. 4) The non-working of the instrument is to be communicated to us immediately giving full details of the complaints and defects noticed specifically mentioning the type and sr. c) If the customer resells the instrument to another party.

Scientech Technologies Pvt.1st floor.bz 4.bz INDORE – 452010 2. Ahmed Mamoji Street. 22157371 F. Ph : (022) 56299457 Dada Saheb Phalke road. 4th main street Ph : (080) 51285011 Ganganagar. Ltd. 988. New no. 123-Hariram Mansion. HOWRAH-711204 W. 205. Email : info@scientech. Scientech Technologies Pvt.bz 7. Sadashiv Peth.E. 17. Fax : (022) 24168767 Dadar (East). Adyar Fax : (044) 42187549 CHENNAI – 600025 Email : chennai@scientech. Email : stplmum@scientech. 8. 90. Fax : (011) 22157369 DELHI – 110092 Email : ndel@scientech. Liluah.bz 3. Ltd Flat No. C-19. Ph : (020) 24461673 Gyan Prabodhini Lane. Ph : (011) 22157370.560032 Email : bangalore@scientech.I. Ltd..AB02 LIST OF SERVICE CENTERS 1. Fax : (080) 51285022 BANGALORE. 8.10.bz MUMBAI –400014 6. Ltd. Street No.B. Electronic Complex Ph : (0731) 2570301 Pardesipura.bz 5. Ltd.bz Behind Jaiswal Hospital. Patparganj Industrial Area. 4th street Ph : (044) 42187548. Email : kolkata@scientech. Scientech Technologies Pvt. Ltd. Old no. 42187549 Venkateswara nagar. Scientech Technologies Pvt. Himaytnagar.2. Scientech Technologies Pvt. Ltd. 1st Floor Ph : +913355266800 2. 2nd Floor. Scientech Technologies Pvt. First Floor.bz ‘C’ wing. Ltd. Scientech Technologies Pvt. Fax : (020) 24482403 PUNE – 411030 Email : pune@scientech. 19 . Ph : (040) 55465643 Lakshminarayana Apartments Email : hyd@scientech. Ltd SPS Apartment. 202/19. HYDERABAD.500029 Scientech Technologies Pvt. Scientech Technologies Pvt.

............ 2mm Patch cord (blue) ..................1 Nos......... 2..............2 Nos. 3.. Scientech Technologies Pvt................ Ltd.........................AB02 List of Accessories 1.. 20 . 2mm Patch cord (red) ......................................................... 2mm Patch cord (black) ...........................2 Nos...