Energy Unit Test - PRACTICE

1. Almost all of the energy that humans use
ultimately comes from
a. oil
b. gas
c. the sun
d. plants, either living or fossilized
e. volcanoes

2. The hanging towel represents which type of energy?
a. Kinetic
b. Potential

3. The scuba diver swimming to the surface represents which
type of energy?
a. Kinetic
b. Potential

4. If the sharks eat the scuba diver, what type of energy
transformation would take place in the sharks?
a. heat/thermal to chemical
b. electrical to motion/mechanical
c. chemical to motion/mechanical
d. electrical to chemical

5. Which energy sources are nonrenewable?
a. Fossil fuels and Solar
b. Nuclear and Wind
c. Hydroelectric and Tidal
d. Fossil fuels and Nuclear

6. Which energy source is least harmful to the environment?
a. Wind
b. Petroleum
c. Nuclear
d. Coal

7. If an energy source is inexhaustible, it…
a. can be used over and over without being used up.
b. does not get tired.
c. will be used up, and we will not be able to get any more.
8. Which of the following flowcharts represents the energy transformations that take place in a
nuclear power plant?
a. Electrical  Motion/Mechanical  Chemical  Nuclear
b. Nuclear  Motion/Mechanical  Heat/Thermal  Electrical
c. Chemical  Heat/Thermal  Motion/Mechanical  Electrical
d. Nuclear  Heat/Thermal  Motion/Mechanical  Electrical

9. Which of the following flowcharts represents the energy transformations that take place in a
geothermal power plant?
a. Chemical  Heat/Thermal  Motion/Mechanical  Electrical
b. Heat/Thermal  Heat/Thermal  Motion/Mechanical  Electrical
c. Electrical  Motion/Mechanical  Heat/Thermal
d. Heat/Thermal  Heat/Thermal  Electrical

10. Coal is a commonly used fuel in power plants. Which flowchart represents the energy
transformations that occur in a coal-fired power plant?
a. Heat/Thermal  Motion/Mechanical  Electrical
b. Chemical  Heat/Thermal  Motion/Mechanical
c. Chemical  Heat/Thermal  Motion/Mechanical  Electrical
d. Heat/Thermal  Motion/Mechanical  Chemical  Electrical

11. This flowchart… Motion/Mechanical  Motion/Mechanical  Electrical… represents the
energy transformations that occur in which of the following power plants?
a. Solar
b. Bioconversion/biomass
c. Fusion/nuclear
d. Tidal

12. This flowchart… Chemical  Electrical  Light represents the energy transformations
that take place when…
a. you use a flashlight.
b. you use a hair dryer.
c. you eat breakfast.
d. jog around the track.

13. Which of the following choices contains a list of the fossil fuels?
a. Coal, Oil, Petroleum
b. Coal, Uranium, Oil
c. Coal, Oil, Natural Gas
d. Alpha, Beta, Gamma

14. Which fossil fuel would be the best to cook over in your kitchen?
a. Coal
b. Natural gas
c. Uranium
d. Biomass

15. Which of the following would be classified as a renewable resource?
a. A barrel of oil that would take 8 million years to form.
b. A large piece of coal that would take 4 million years to form.
c. Solar rays from the Sun that take 8 minutes to reach the Earth.
d. Methane gas from the ocean floor that takes 7 thousand years to outgas.

16. Which of the following is a property of a nonrenewable resource?
a. It takes a long time to reform after its use.
b. It can be grown with in a short time after it is used.
c. It is recyclable after it is used through a quick and easy process.
d. It releases carbon dioxide into the atmosphere after it is used.

17. TRUE OR FALSE: There is the same amount of energy today as when the world began.

18. Visible light has a higher frequency than
(a) Xrays
(b) Gamma rays
(c) Ultraviolet light
(d) Infrared light

19. The electromagnetic waves with the highest frequencies are called _____________________

20. When a police officer uses radar for speed control, the officer is using what kind of
electromagnetic waves? _______________________________________

21. Which electromagnetic waves have the longest wavelengths

22. Name the type of wave labeled C. __________________________

23. Which letter shows the type of wave that can be seen by the human eye?
_____________________________

24. Name the type of wave labeled A.
25. Which letter indicates X-rays?

26. A ball is released from rest at position 1. The diagram shows the ball in four positions as it rolls
along a track from left to right.

In which position does the ball have its minimum gravitational potential energy and maximum kinetic
energy?

27. Use the following words to match to the definition – Chemical energy, Potential energy ,
Mechanical energy, Sound energy, Nuclear energy, Kinetic energy, Thermal energy, Radiant
energy, Electrical energy

(a) stored energy

(b) Electromagnetic energy that travels in waves

(c) the energy involving force to do work

(d) Internal energy of substances – atoms move/vibrate

(e) energy of motion

(f) energy in the nucleus of an atom – released from splitting atoms

(g) energy stored in the bonds of atoms and molecules

(h) movement of electrons

(i) vibrational waves traveling through substances

28. The diagram below represents a metal spoon in a glass of water. The spoon’s broken
appearance is caused by light that is (1) reflected (3) absorbed (2) refracted (4) vibrated

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