Comprehensive data on the chemical element Aluminum is provided on this page;

including scores of properties, element names in many languages, most known
nuclides of Aluminum. Common chemical compounds are also provided for many
elements. In addition technical terms are linked to their definitions and the menu
contains links to related articles that are a great aid in one's studies.

Aluminum Menu
Aluminum Page One
Overview of Aluminum
Aluminum's Name in Other Languages
Atomic Structure of Aluminum
Chemical Properties of Aluminum
Physical Properties of Aluminum
Regulatory / Health
Who/When/Where/How
Aluminum Page Two
Nuclides / Isotopes
Potential Parent Nuclides
Aluminum Page Three
Common Chemical Compounds of Aluminum
Overview of Aluminum
Atomic Number: 13
Group: 13
Period: 3
Series: Metals
Aluminum's Name in Other Languages
Latin: Aluminium
Czech: Hlin�k
Croatian: Aluminij
French: Aluminium
German: Aluminium - r
Italian: Alluminio
Norwegian: Aluminium
Portuguese: Alum�nio
Russian: ????????
Spanish: Alum�nio
Swedish: Aluminium
Atomic Structure of Aluminum
Atomic Radius: 1.82�
Atomic Volume: 10cm3/mol
Covalent Radius: 1.18�
Cross Section (Thermal Neutron Capture)sa/barns: 0.232
Crystal Structure: Cubic face centered

Electron Configuration:
1s2 2s2p6 3s2p1
Electrons per Energy Level: 2,8,3
Shell Model
graphic of Aluminum's shell model
Ionic Radius: 0.535�
Filling Orbital: 3p1
Number of Electrons (with no charge): 13
Number of Neutrons (most common/stable nuclide): 14
Number of Protons: 13
Oxidation States: 3
Valence Electrons: 3s2p1
Electron Dot Model

Chemical Properties of Aluminum

coated RTECS: BD0330000 NFPA 704 Health: 0 Fire: 1 Reactivity: 1 Special Hazard: OSHA Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL) TWA: 15 mg/m3 total particulate 5 mg/m3 respirable particulate OSHA PEL Vacated 1989 TWA: 15 mg/m3 total particulate . malleable metal Elastic Modulus: Bulk: 76/GPa Rigidity: 26/GPa Youngs: 70/GPa Enthalpy of Atomization: 322.67 kJ/mole Enthalpy of Vaporization: 293.7 kJ/mole Flammablity Class: Combustible Solid.61 (Pauling).45�F Molar Volume: 9.447 Valence Electron Potential (-eV): 80.99 cm3/mole Optical Reflectivity: 71% Physical State (at 20�C & 1atm): Solid Specific Heat: 0.2 kJ/mole @ 25�C Enthalpy of Fusion: 10.25�C 1220.25�C Regulatory / Health CAS Number 7429-90-5 powder. non-sparking.42E-06Pa@660.79kJ/mol Incompatibilities: strong oxidizers & acids.9J/gK Vapor Pressure = 2. light weight. uncoated NA9260 / 169 molten UN1309 / 170 powder.47 (Allrod Rochow) Heat of Fusion: 10.4kJ/mol Melting Point: 933.828 Third: 28. non-magnetic.33556g/amp-hr Electron Work Function: 4. coated UN/NA ID and ERG Guide Number 1396 / 138 powder.03E-6 Conductivity Electrical: 0. 1.377 106/cm ? Thermal: 2.Electrochemical Equivalent: 0. halogenated hydrocarbons Ionization Potential First: 5.28eV Electronegativity: 1.986 Second: 18.37 W/cmK Density: 2. fine dust is easily ignited Freezing Point: see melting point Hardness Scale Brinell: 245 MN m-2 Mohs: 2.4K 660.98154 Boiling Point: 2740K 2467�C 4473�F Coefficient of lineal thermal expansion/K-1: 23.75 Vickers: 167 MN m-2 Heat of Vaporization: 293.702g/cc @ 300K Description: Silvery.7 Physical Properties of Aluminum Atomic Mass Average: 26.

000 tons per year.7-28 Daily Dietary Intake: 2. it DOES NOT represent recommended daily allowances. Indonesia and Russia. though an impure form was isolated by Oersted two years earlier.: N/A Sun (Relative to H=1E12): 3300000 Sources of Aluminum: Most plentiful metal in earth's crust (8%).: 82000 Seawater/p. silicon. Ghana.000013 Atmosphere/p. de Morveau recognized the base in alum in1761 and proposed it be called alumine.p.m: 4-27 Liver/p. Lavoisier thought that alum was an oxide of this undiscovered metal.00097 Atlantic Deep: 0. Main mining areas are Surinam. but cheaper).m. respiratory system Levels In Humans: Note: this data represents naturally occuring levels of elements in the typical human. Two years later it was changed to aluminium to conform with the "ium" in most other elements.45 mg Total Mass In Avg. electrical transmission (not nearly as conductive as copper. but it wasn't until 1827 that Wohler actually isolated aluminum. building decorations.m: 3023 Muscle/p.m.00052 Pacific Surface: 0.000. England and elsewhere in the world they still spell it aluminium.m. Obtained by electrolysis from bauxite (Al2O2).p. most credit Wohler with isolating it in1827. which we still use. but never occurs in free form. skin. Denmark. 70kg human: 60 mg Who / Where / When / How Discoverer: Hans Christian Oersted Discovery Location: Copenhagen Denmark Discovery Year: 1825 Name Origin: Latin: alumen (alun) Abundance of Aluminum: Earth's Crust/p. you'll know where it came from.: Atlantic Suface: 0.00013 Pacific Deep: 0. Skin and/or eye contact Target Organs: Eyes. manganese and other metals are much stronger and more durable than aluminum.p. Total world production is around 15. making aluminum useful in the manufacture of aircraft and rockets. Additional Notes: While aluminum was discovered by Hans Christian Oersted.p. Uses of Aluminum: Kitchen utensils.p. In 1807 Davy proposed the name alumium for this undiscovered metal.39 Bone/p. Blood/mg dm-3: 0.p. Actually the ancient Greeks and Romans used alum (aluminum sulfate with potassium) in medicine and in dying. So if you hear someone say "al-u-min'-i-um foil" instead of aluminum foil. magnesium.m: 0. The new metal was called aluminum. 1825 (impure form). Jamaica. . 5 mg/m3 respirable particulate NIOSH Recommended Exposure Limit (REL) TWA: 10 mg/m3 total particulate 5 mg/m3 respirable particulate Routes of Exposure: Inhalation. Alloys containing copper. American Chemical Society changed the spelling back to aluminum in 1925.