WOJSKOWE STUDIUM NAUCZANIA JĘZYKÓW OBCYCH

CENTRALNA KOMISJA EGZAMINACYJNA JĘZYKÓW OBCYCH MON

PRZYKŁADOWE MATERIAŁY
EGZAMINACYJNE

JĘZYK ANGIELSKI
POZIOM 2
CZYTANIE
SŁUCHANIE

wg STANAG 6001

Łódź 2007

PRZYKŁADOWE MATERIAŁY
EGZAMINACYJNE
JĘZYK ANGIELSKI
POZIOM 2
CZYTANIE
SŁUCHANIE
wg STANAG 6001

Opracowanie i redakcja:
mjr Dariusz Ćwierzona
Ewa Pawelec Agata
Majchrzak
Magdalena Kaźmierczak
Maciej Kurzawiński
Agnieszka Zalasa

Konsultacja:
Eric Atkinson
David Crosbie
Mark Crossey

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Słowo wstępne

Niniejsza publikacja wychodzi naprzeciw coraz większemu zapotrzebowaniu na
treningowe materiały egzaminacyjne z języków obcych według normy STANAG 6001. Skrypt
ten zawiera zadania egzaminacyjne z języka angielskiego, które były wykorzystane przez
Centralną Komisję Egzaminacyjną Języków Obcych MON na przestrzenie kilku lat w
częściach czytanie i słuchanie egzaminu poziomu 2. Ze względów czysto praktycznych i
ograniczeń z tym związanych, nie są to pełne zestawy egzaminacyjne w kształcie, w jakim
przygotowuje je Komisja. Zachowanie układu obowiązującego podczas rzeczywistego
egzaminu uniemo1liwiłoby m.in. dołączenie odpowiedniej liczby płyt z materiałem
dźwiękowym. Z tego te1 względu, rozdziały publikacji poświęcone ka1dej ze sprawności
językowych składają się z części zawierających jeden tylko typ zadania egzaminacyjnego.
Ten sam podział został równie1 zachowany na załączonych płytach.
Prezentowany materiał przeznaczony jest głównie dla szeroko rozumianego odbiorcy
z kręgów wojskowych, zarówno uczelni, centrów szkolenia, jak i jednostek i instytucji
wojskowych, w których realizowane jest kształcenie językowe. Liczymy, i1 niniejsza
publikacja pomo1e 1ołnierzom i pracownikom cywilnym wojska w przygotowaniach do
egzaminu resortowego, a tak1e posłu1y jako materiał powtórzeniowy wszystkim tym, którzy
uzyskali ju1 świadectwo znajomości języka obcego.

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Spis treści

Reading Part One . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Reading Part Two . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29

Reading Part Three . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45

Listening Part One . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61

Listening Part Two . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75

Listening Part Three . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85

Scripts for Listening . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93

Answer Key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120

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B or C. 5 . • • • • READING Part One Read the texts and choose the right answers A.

but there is a surprising amount of his long and fabulously colourful life that is not so well known. in a move that many thought politically impossible. . A look at his reports shows that for his teachers it would be difficult to believe their young student would become so famous. in fact. Churchill rejoined the Conservative Party in 1924 and became the finance minister. whom his father. though. where he went as a journalist while on leave from the army in 1895. that Churchill became a public person. is history. Workers went on strike across the country. the government came under strong pressure from the press and people to bring Churchill back. No doubt the fact that Churchill’s parents came from these two different countries had a great influence on his faith in the strength and unity of the “English-Speaking Peoples” that in the end led to the allied victory in the Second World War. during the war against the Boers. But perhaps Churchil doesn’t deserve the blame for it all! With the defeat of the Conservatives in the election of 1929. half- American.Text 1 Great Briton We all know a little about Winston Churchill. At school Churchill was not so successful. However. As a journalist working for the Morning Post. serious unemployment followed. He also wrote his first book in these years. based on his experiences fighting on the north- west frontier. Churchill was out of office. not to mention receiving the Nobel Prize for Literature. warnings which nobody paid attention to. At that time. he was very unpopular with the government. After graduating from Royal Military College at Sandhurst in 1894 he became an army officer but his first experience of military action was in Cuba. Churchill spent the next few years with his regiment in India. and his dramatic adventures – which he publicized throughout his writing – made him world famous. Churchill’s political career started in 1900 when he joined the Conservative Party and became a Member of Parliament. But it was in South Africa. and his attempt to return Britain to the gold standard (where paper money can be exchanged for gold) ended in a disaster. For a start. having amazing energy for a man who celebrated his seventieth birthday in 1944. After several disagreements with other Conservatives. Lord Randolph Churchill. In May 1940 Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain was forced to resign and Churchill took his place – and the rest. as they say. mostly playing polo and reading. But as war became more certain to happen and Churchill’s warnings proved correct. married against his parents’ will. Churchill was captured by the enemy. Not being an expert. Churchill was a well-known person long before becoming Prime Minister of Britain in 1940. and finally the economic crisis of the 1930s started all over the world. It did not take him long to escape. Churchill left the party to join the Liberals. was a famous beauty from New York. as he did in 1953. His mother. Churchill proved a very great war leader. His continuous efforts to get help from the USA changed the course of a war Germany was winning. this great Englishman was. Jennie Jerome. Churchill was unhappy in this office. During these unstable years Churchill was one of the few politicians to make repeated warnings about Hitler’s Germany.

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knew he would be a famous person C. Churchill became famous … A. Churchill came to power because . fought in Cuba B. when he wrote about his escape 5. Churchill’s comments about Hitler … A. influenced the country’s foreign policy C. believe Americans and Britons should co-operate C. Chamberlain forced him 7 . feel half American B. when he became Prime Minister C. was caused by Churchill B. were not listened to B. was partly Churchill’s fault C... made him very unpopular with the government 7. Churchill’s teachers … A. left the army 4. wrote for a newspaper C. believed he would not be successful B. he was a great war leader C. should not be connected with Churchill 6.1. A. Churchill’s mixed parentage made him … A. The author suggests that the crisis in the 1930s … A. considered him an excellent student 3. popular in New York 2. because of his first book B. In 1895 Churchill … A. he was supported by the public B.

thought by their generals as not able to follow complicated orders. The video images released by the army did not result from a cameraman standing to the side and filming soldiers at work. and British shells began falling behind or directly onto the British troops. with the added comfort of claiming that the ‘smart bomb’ can be seen to hit only tanks not civilians. not seeing the enemy. The images served to direct the bombs towards their targets. followed the orders they were given: they kept marching or crawling forward. The place: the Somme. The British Fourth Army climbed out of their deep trenches and marched towards German trenches a few hundred yards away. we saw little figures running.Text 2 War Yesterday and Today In Vietnam. The very fact that they were visible to the incoming missile meant it was already too late. The line dividing the warrior from the television viewer at home was erased. A marvellous plan – but the Germans simply moved their men and machine guns back a few hundred yards. By then. trying to get away. But sometimes. Second. but failed. and the war was television. The British had a technical innovation: each unit carried a telephone and a spool of wire. let’s go back to one day from World War I. Video cameras were built into the aircraft or into bombs themselves. these troops.000 British troops had died in the Battle of the Somme. and waited for the British in well-prepared positions. television was an onlooker. 400. we saw exactly what the participants saw. The British generals feared that these conscript soldiers were poorly trained. In the 1991 Gulf War. The bombardment of the first German trenches was supposed to make sure that there would be no Germans left to oppose the British. the same digits and words flashing on the screen. so they gave them simple orders: march straight ahead. and to make sure that the targets had been destroyed. Instead. killing at a distance. as the missile homed in on an Iraqi tank or bunker. the telephone wires were almost immediately cut by artillery and machine gunfire. but July 1 was the bloodiest day. The British troops failed to capture anything at all on that first day. It was not the bloodiest battle of World War I. Twenty thousand died on the first day of the battle. France. an observer of the war. So. . to report its position. The images from the Gulf War look identical to what we see as we play a computer war game – the same lines framing the target. Only occasionally did we see the human figure on those video images. It is no exaggeration to say that the Gulf War took place in cyberspace. However. The objective: to capture the Bapaume rail junction. and disturb German communications. The generals kept trying to reach the Bapaume junction for five more months. Without those same images that we viewed in the comfort of our living rooms. is this progress? To ask whether this is progress or not. the war itself could not have taken place. ten miles away. television was the war. The British artillery units would direct their bombardment just in front of the British troops. They did not have a chance. most of them in the first hour.

8 .

professionals using cameras B. it was impossible to direct artillery fire 7. took more lives than any other battle of WW I 9 . were not aware of the bombs C. was a total defeat of the Germans C. the German bombardment was heavy 6. The British unintentionally shelled their own troops because … A. give the public a clear picture B. guide the bombs 3. The Battle of the Somme … A. were the main target 4. the Germans changed their troops’ positions B. any instructions 5. cameras installed on the equipment 2. complex instructions B. were sure to die B. The main objective of the cameras was to … A. soldiers fighting there C. The people who appeared in the videos … A. the British troops ignored the orders C. meant no territorial gains for the British B. the troops did not move forward as planned C. The video images in the Gulf War were obtained from … A. The British generals thought their soldiers could follow … A. simple instructions C. The British Generals’ plan did not work because … A. there were communication problems B. provide material for spies C.1.

is a variation on what really happened to some men. Yet recent advances in computerised special effects have changed all that. If they managed to survive a number of combats. Fighting to death would then begin. where for their entertainment thousands died over the years. It is no longer necessary to build enormous sets and hire thousands of extras to convincingly recreate the life of ancient times.000 spectators. The giant amphitheatre could seat 50. a thing of the past. they might be retired: they often worked as politicians’ bodyguards. Realistic effects can now be achieved by means of computers. using a variety of techniques to keep your eyes glued to the screen. The emperor Marcus Aurelius did fight against the German tribes. The games probably reached their peak during the reign of the emperor Trajan who staged a festival during which 10. Many fought with sword and shield. these are mild compared to the horrors that really took place in Rome’s Colosseum.Text 3 Gladiator Not so long ago it was said that huge historical films were. well acted and stylishly directed. patience. There were various classes of gladiators. huge bets were placed. and Commodus did become increasingly insane. Gladiatorial shows were among the most popular events at the Games. the crowd demanded more and more extreme spectacles. and supposedly enjoyed the favours of high-society women. Although Gladiator includes scenes of graphic violence. while others used a net and trident (a spear with three points). as in Spartacus uprising. Historical epics now have a future. amusing himself by entering the arena as a gladiator and. sometimes they themselves became politically important. although a lot of time. The fate of Maximus. and fatal crashes were commonplace. in AD 404. grouped according to their weapons or methods of fighting. As time went by. often involving Christian captives being crucified or eaten by lions. is an impressive vision of imperial Rome in its splendour and decadence. The opening scene of the battle in Germania is stunning. but Gladiator has brought it back to life. himself a Christian. forced in Gladiator to fight for a living. Now blood-soaked action is added to old-fashioned simple story telling. Such films would be simply too expensive to make today. This barbarism was finally ended by the emperor Honorius. and on occasion they revolted against their masters.000 people and 11. and director Ridley Scott goes on to sustain the optical feast to the very end. who went to see the Games. winning every contest.000 animals were killed. and other elements of the film are based on fact. in Gladiator he is at his best. though chariot racing was the sport that really drove the crowds wild. Gladiator really succeeds due to its visual impact and acting more than its closeness to fact. turned to where the emperor sat and greeted him shouting. the story of the decline of Roman general Maximus from much-respected soldier to slave and gladiator. talent and money are still needed . Everyone thought the epic film style was dead and buried. Rival fans often rioted in much the same way as today’s football hooligans. . Caesar! We who are about to die greet you”. They marched into the arena through the Gate of Life. of course. Always noted for the power of his images. or rode chariots. Successful gladiators became famous. literally. “Hail. Gladiator.

10 .

they weren’t convincing enough B.000 people were killed during … A. the closeness to facts 11 . the visual effects B. worked part-time at other jobs C. the cruelty was stopped C. uses some historical facts 7. the history of the Colosseum C. their budgets were too high C. chariots races C. they were enormously long 2. Some Gladiators … A. the spectacles were more extreme 5. only non-Christians were killed B. is completely made up C. Gladiator … A. Under the emperor Honorius … A. is based on the life of a real person B. The most popular event during the Games was … A. fights with wild animals 4. net and trident fights B. the reign of Trajan 3. one set of the Games B. 10. the sound effects C. Historical films became a thing of the past because … A.1. married into high society B. The writer is mostly impressed by … A. retired and took new jobs 6.

He became a brilliant scholar. was reading a biography of Dee when he came upon the “007” sign and decided that it would be the perfect codename for his spy hero. King Philip II of Spain thought that the Protestant English were heretics. but like James Bond. he married twice. Dee was forgotten by most of his friends. no mention of this woman. and he personally hated Elizabeth. The Spanish already had colonies in America and ruled the seas. If the Spanish could destroy the Elizabethan navy. After Elizabeth died and James I came to the throne. Strangely. The final confrontation between the two countries occurred in May 1588 when King Philip sent 125 of his best ships to attack his enemies in the English Channel. James Bond. however. or the marriage to her.Text 4 The Original 007 Queen Elizabeth I was an ambitious monarch who wished to see her country grow in influence. poor and alone. The added “7” is the alchemist's lucky number. Nevertheless. The “00” in Bond’s codename name meant that he was “licensed to kill”. science and magic were seen as the same thing. and from there he travelled to Prague. he had predicted the storm scientifically. In Elizabethan England. The Czech capital was believed to be the centre of Catholic plots and intrigue against the Protestant countries such as England. Spain. indeed a genius. English spies and informers in Europe and in the New World were controlled by the famous Dr Dee. on the day of her death Dee was seen entertaining Queen Elizabeth at his home in Mortlake. Towards the end of his life. John Dee killed nobody. the story was told that a great magician had saved England. He died in 1608. Dee was there to send back information to Elizabeth concerning the intentions of the Catholic powers. A network of espionage was created. Suspicious? He later married one of Queen Elizabeth's top servants. The new king’s attitude towards magic was the opposite of Elizabeth’s. This force was called “The Spanish Armada”. Elizabeth first of all had to get rid of the Spanish. The two circles symbolised John Dee's own eyes as the "eyes" of Queen Elizabeth. Jane Frommond. such as Spain. But she needed information about her enemies. he went to Cracow in Poland. It is more likely. And. and Dee’s influence soon weakened. For England to prosper. Dee travelled constantly and he sent secret messages to Elizabeth herself with his special sign: two circles and the figure seven. His first wife died only a year after their marriage in 1557. . and that it came from Dee and no one else. He was married . Throughout his life Dee had suffered accusations of the occult. even more strangely. Soon wild stories were being told about it and many believed that the alchemist Dr John Dee had put a spell on the Spanish and sent the huge waves crashing down on their ships. Its nearest rival was England. She wanted to know what their plans were and what strategies they would use. At that time. Spain was at the height of its power. Indeed. was the most powerful country in the world. famous in England and throughout Europe. was ever made in Dee's diaries. Around 1580. Ian Fleming. Dee's ideas on magic were no longer acceptable. This told her that the letter was “For your eyes only”. The Armada was seriously weakened by storms and the rest of the ships were attacked. John Dee was born in 1557.unlike Bond. that because he knew about meteorology. the author of the Bond novels. he seems to have been popular with ladies. And the country that ruled the seas ruled the world. however. as if nothing had happened. then the seas would be safe for their ships. Possibly.

12 .

was ignored by his friends B. enemies abroad C. the original 007 … A. Spain and England were equally powerful 4. At the end of the 16th century … A. Spain was the greatest power B. In reality the English probably won the battle because Dee … A. ordered an unexpected attack 5. both were attractive to women C. John Dee went to Prague probably because … A.1. Queen Elizabeth wanted to spy on … A. he wrote a special number on the letters B. used magic on the Spanish B. both of them were single 7. he wrote “for your eyes only” C. By the end of his life. he had a message to leave when passing Poland B. gave up practicing magic C. he had a meeting with some Spanish protestants C. enemies in England B. Dee and Bond were similar in that … A. they both killed people B. he had to learn what Catholics were planning 3. Dr John Dee 2. England was the greatest power C. The Queen knew the messages were from Dee because … A. he signed them personally 6. was admired by the king 13 . was able to predict the storm C.

Despite its size. Not surprisingly as the city grew.000 streets in that area! It takes about 2-3 years to acquire the Knowledge. He is the person who drives the vehicle and takes care of it. not only along the river. When talking about taxis in London – “older times” describes perfectly the beginnings of paid transport services. we can be sure that the driver knows where he is.000 motorised cabs. old-fashioned looking – although most of them were recently built. A cab does not work without a driver. And the vehicles changed as well. And as time went by.62 meters. while there were 1. Although London was the pioneer city in taxi transport. The first true taxis appeared at the time when Shakespeare staged his plays in London.Text 5 Taxi!!! Everybody recognises them. or cab for short. Ten years later only 2. As for the height of the vehicle. Why do London cabs have that unique look? English conservatism and pragmatism is the answer. and after that – the license. people needed transport around the city. The first carriages were called “hackney” – the name comes from the horses that pulled the carriages and it is worth remembering as it is still used today. For that reason special licenses for carriage drivers were issued and the first problems of a free market economy appeared when the watermen on the Thames complained about the drop in their income. Usually black. Richard II understood that need very well and issued a royal authorisation for carriages to carry people. pub. They can “turn on a sixpence’ which means a turning circle of 7. cabbies are required to be courteous at all times which is not always true as cab drivers can have bad days too. These later became a motor vehicle cabriolet. it has to be high enough to carry a gentleman wearing a top hat. That ensures safety for both parties.000 horse cabs. Do you realise that the tradition of taxis goes back to the 12 th century? It was then that permission to transport people for money was given for the first time. When the limit was raised to 20 mph in 1903. These carriages caused the first traffic jams when dozens of them stopped at the same time in front of a theatre. His financial standing is investigated to ensure he has enough money to maintain his taxi properly. The licences to transport passengers then were for boats on the river Thames. transport in London developed rapidly as well. motor cars appeared in London later than in other cities. Carriages were a popular means of transport to the Playhouse at Blackfriars to see “Romeo and Juliet” or “Hamlet”. In some ways they are like Volkswagen Beetles or Pontiac Cruisers – they remind us of times gone by. The Knowledge requires that cabbies know every street.500 cab drivers in London. Around 1820 the first horse-drawn French hackney cabriolets came onto streets of London. Today there are about 22.000 remained. The driver must have his own compartment separated from his passengers. This is because of the Knowledge – a London topography exam. The last horse drawn cab was licensed in 1947. This is very important in the old and narrow streets of London. church and synagogue six miles around Charing Cross. . so it can’t be an ordinary private car. No matter his mood though. London had around 11. There are about 17. A cab must seat 5-6 persons. the cab is easy to drive. By law. It was introduced around 1850 during the Great Exhibition.

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1. London taxis are similar to the Volkswagen Beetles and Pontiac Cruisers because …
A. everyone knows what they look like
B. they are all modern cars
C. they make us think of the past
2. Richard II issued a royal authorisation because …
A. there was an increase in transport on the river
B. there was a growing demand for transport on land
C. he wanted to shorten the time of journeys
3. Special licenses were issued in Shakespearian times …
A. to make taxies more popular
B. to stop traffic jams
C. to carry theatre goers
4. The watermen on the Thames complained because they …
A. were not issued licenses
B. were losing business
C. had no money to live on
5. Between 1903 and 1913, the number of cabs in London decreased by …
A. 9000
B. 1000
C. 8000
6. English taxis look the way they do because they need to be …
A. practical for passengers
B. easy to drive
C. easily recognisable
7. If you get in a London taxi, you can be certain that the driver…
A. owns the taxi
B. is polite and friendly
C. knows the city well

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Text 6

Down by the Riverside

The giant disused power station at Battersea on the south bank of the River Thames in
London has long been a symbol of the decline of the city's main waterway. Compared to the elegantly
designed River Seine in Paris and the magnificent canals of Venice, the Thames’ waterfront has often
seemed a bit of an industrial mess.
This image is being transformed, however, by a series of exciting public projects aimed at
making the river a place to be visited and not just crossed to get to work and back home.
The impetus behind the new development of the Thames was the millennium celebrations in
the UK. A special Millennium Fund was established to choose a number of key projects to mark the
year 2000.
The new national landmark is the Millennium Dome, situated by the Thames in Greenwich.
This enormous exhibition centre was opened on New Year's Eve 1999 by the Queen and the Prime
Minister Tony Blair, and now offers visitors several interactive galleries covering themes from human
life and history. Unfortunately, the project has been heavily criticized for its design and, above all, its
high cost. What's more, the Jubilee Line Underground hasn't been working as well as it should. All
these factors mean that the number of visitors has been far lower than expected.
In contrast, the new Tate Modern art museum has proved a great success, exciting both art
critics and the public alike. Since opening on 14th May, London's first official modern art museum has
recorded an amazing average of 3,000 visitors per hour! The architects created the Tate Modern by
redesigning Bankside Power Station, which was previously empty, like Battersea Power station. At the
same time, a futuristic footbridge was designed to link the museum to St Paul’s Cathedral on the
north side of the Thames.
Surprisingly, there were some unexpected engineering difficulties that made the footbridge’s
special suspension design unable to support the weight of the thousands of enthusiastic opening-day
visitors. The bridge started to buckle and shake with the weight of the pedestrians, so it was closed
temporarily only a couple of days after opening in June. Now numbers crossing have to be limited!
These major millennium projects are part of a general revival of life along the Thames. With
London being Europe's largest financial centre, many new developments have been linked to
business. The old docks area in east London, known as Docklands, first drew the attention of property
developers back in the 1980s, who saw the chance to create Manhattan-style apartments and office
blocks. After a slump at the end of the 80s, the area has been enjoying a boom with many yuppies
coming here to find their dream home by the water!
If London is still some way behind Paris and Rome in terms of architecture, Londoners are
nonetheless ahead in matters of style. What's more, they are certainly more excited than ever before
by design and new tastes in this most cosmopolitan of cosmopolitan cities. You only have to look at
the style sections in any of the large number of British newspapers and magazines to realize how
important this new trend is. So don't be surprised if, on your next visit to London, you find people
sitting in European-style cafes and bars drinking cafe latte and discussing the latest new building
along the Thames!

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Until recently people thought the Thames’ waterfront was … A. the new footbridge over the Thames … A. dirty and underused 2. The Tate Modern is a success because … A. Docklands is an example of … A. suffered structural problems 6. it is easy to get to C. Public Projects on the River Thames were designed to … A. Londoners are taking style seriously C. it is an exciting building 5. help transport 3. On its opening day. The Millennium Dome failed despite … A. it is a modern building B. an attempt to revive London as a financial centre 7. an attempt to make London look like New York C. good transport links B. help tourism C. help industry B. as magnificent as Venice C. the Thames becoming more interesting B. Looking at certain sections of newspapers and magazines will tell you … A. Londoners are reading more magazines 17 . London is behind other cities in architecture B. elegant and well designed B. support from the public 4.1. many attractive exhibits C. collapsed B. had to be closed C.

He re-entered politics in 1985 as Deputy Chairman of the Conservative Party. he now wanted to become Mayor of London. He still dreamed of being the Prime Minister himself one day. he sued the British tabloid. The book sold well. In November 1999 another tabloid. This means he has lots of time to look back on his life.Text 7 Stranger than Fiction Where did it all go wrong for Jeffery Archer? He is sitting in a cell in Camp Hill prison. even though many in the Party felt nervous about him." In 1999 the Conservative Party nominated him as their candidate in the elections for Mayor. This is not true . Archer also loves to tell the story of how he studied at Oxford University. This summer he was found guilty of perjury and sentenced by the Judge to four years in prison. he could sit in the House of Lords. they said. “Archer”. Jeffery Archer also wrote "research assistant" on the marriage certificate. he continued to write very successful novels. has told half-truths and lies about his past. As a Lord. if not more.000 in damages. to lie in court in the 1987 libel trial. dead man's passport. "When I talk to Londoners. and that he had not told the truth in 1987. he was the youngest MP ever to enter the House of Commons. has told as many. and this time there was no escape. the Isle of Wight. reported that Archer had persuaded a former friend. he entered local politics. "proved" his innocence. Things were going well for the young politician. was a convicted fraud and bigamist who travelled to New York with a stolen. The newspaper alleged that Archer had spent a night with a prostitute in a London hotel the year before. He is scheduled for release in 2005. On the marriage certificate she wrote "research assistant" as her occupation. "was trouble". "The people say: “he was in terrific debt. Ted Francis. Well. Not a Penny Less was not appreciated by literary critics. William Archer. An amazing up-and-down life took another downward turn. In 1966 he married Mary Weedon. And he proved them right for another disaster lay in waiting. for libel. he understands us: Londoners trust me. which "proved" that he couldn't have slept with the prostitute. the writer of Kane and Abel and First Among Equals. Jeffrey Archer was suddenly rich and successful again. It also emerged that the novelist had asked his PA (personal assistant) to create a false diary. which was true. A bankrupt cannot be a Member of Parliament so he had to resign. He believed his ups and downs in life would be popular with the voters. but readers in the UK and the US loved it. and two years later became a Conservative MP in the county of Lincolnshire. and was awarded £500. but this is not part of Oxford University. But this is still an impressive achievement. But disaster was. His story was strange enough already. Archer bounced back again. and in 1992 he was made Lord Archer by the then Prime Minister. Archer sat down in 1976 and wrote a novel. John Major (a Conservative. Not a Penny More. The scandal forced him to resign from politics for the second time. Then disaster struck. among others. England. which was not. In fact. born in 1940 in southern England. yet again. entering politics for a third time. But he needn't have. the Daily Star. Archer has claimed that at 29. All his life. But the master of fiction delivered a sound alibi in court. his father. went broke. he has had his problems. Jeffrey Archer. They didn't trust him. Archer was declared bankrupt. they treat me as an equal”: he said in 1997. won the libel trial. But never satisfied. A Canadian cleaning company in which he had rather foolishly invested all his life savings. In 1967. and his next work Kane and Abel sold even better. serving under the Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher.he was actually the fourth youngest MP ever. But Archer always wanted more. With no money and no career. In July 1987. Afterwards. The fact is that the novelist who loves to tell fictional stories in his books. loves to tell the story about his father being a World War I hero who won medals for bravery. fictional stories about himself. the News of the World. of course). he did study physical education in Oxford. who is still his wife today. lurking around the corner. . at the Oxford Department of Education.

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slept with a prostitute C. faked financial records B. he lost a libel case C. he wrote a controversial novel C. his education 3. Archer had to leave the Parliament for the first time because … A. his profession C. he was an experienced person 7. becoming an MP was Archer’s big success C. lied in court 19 . Jeffrey Archer’s father was … A. he couldn’t pay his debts B.1. a criminal C. and the author thinks that … A. he sat in the House of Lords C. he was involved in a scandal 6. he was too inexperienced as an MP B. On the marriage certificate Archer lied about … A. an Oxford graduate 2. Archer became a politician as a young man. he wrote successful novels B. Archer thought Londoners would want him as a Mayor because … A. he was sued by a British paper B. a war hero B. Archer had to resign from politics for the second time because … A. in fact Archer was not interested in politics 4. he was accused of corruption 5. his father’s profession B. Archer went to prison because he … A.

but they are accompanied by 20. to which the front wheel is attached. Henri Desgarge. who are involved nationwide in helping to clear the roads at the approach of the cyclists and keeping under control the vast crowds of spectators.Text 8 Kings of The Road The Tour de France is the largest annual sporting event in the world. who come from all over the world. the Tour is still an unusual and exciting sporting event.000 policemen. Nevertheless. technicians. he then turned to journalism. In the early days. There are only between 120 and 140 professional cyclists. riders had to carry out all their own repairs without any assistance. On one occasion. Some parts of the country are difficult to include in the route but the race organisers try to ensure that this happens at least once a decade. The race is much more highly organised nowadays and it is rare that anybody other than the predetermined star wins. The route. a bicycle’s front forks. which affects the whole country. broke. The team system dominates. This cycling race round France lasts for twenty-five days from the last week of June until the middle of July and covers a staggering 4000 km. the end of the race in Paris. The race organisers did not make themselves at all popular with the public or the rider when a penalty of three minutes was imposed on him for having accepted outside help from the boy operating the bellows! Nowadays. he took his bike to the local blacksmith. medical teams and newspaper.000 camp followers. of course. he asked a young lad to operate the bellows. has four fixed parts: the Alps. Commercial sponsorship. Desgarge was an early cycling enthusiast who started his professional life in a solicitor’s office as a clerk. and mend the bike at the same time. which can carry out rapid roadside repairs. When he reached the village. Once the forks were mended. though different every year. even though he had lost two hours: and continued the race. and a great spectator sport. the support service enjoyed by riders is considerably more sophisticated and well developed. or the giving of money to the race by companies in return for advertising. entered the Tour de France at an early stage. the Massif Central and. Riders rarely enter the Tour de France as individuals but form part of a highly organised team paid for by major bicycle manufacturers. It was the brainchild of the reporter for a cycling magazine. they have lost in terms of opportunity for their individual talents. Each team has its own service van. He was sacked by his employers when he was seen riding a bicycle with bare legs! After being a professional cyclist for some time. It makes the Tour a truly national event. the Pyrenees. The route is changed every year to try and cover as much of France as possible. These are mostly race officials. radio and TV reporters who stay in hotels. guest houses and eat in bars and restaurants to the benefit of local economy. The first tour de France was held in 1905. he got back on his bicycle. . What riders have gained in terms of technical and financial support. The Tour was originally a massive publicity campaign for the magazine he worked for. but the funds required to stage it soon became too much for this publication to bear on its own. who was more used to making shoes for horses. because he could not operate the bellows (which blow air into the fire to make it hotter). There are also the 26. He repaired the bicycle himself but. when there were no service cars to help riders with repairs along the route. The only solution was for the rider to pick up his bike and run for nearly ten kilometres to the next village.

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members of manufacturing teams 7. a sports journalist 4. A. the stars are most likely to win B. arriving late 6. a solicitor’s clerk C. finish in different places B. A. the race is more enjoyable to watch 21 .. A cyclist was penalised for …. carrying his bike C. members of national teams C. At first. 26.000 people C. accepting help B. The cyclists are followed by about . 46. bike manufacturers 5. include other places in France 3. go to the most difficult places C.. The route changes each year to … A. a cycling magazine C.1. When H.000 people 2. 20. Tour de France was financed by … A. individual participants B. Desgarge started the Tour de France he was … A.000 people B. The result of changes in the way the race is run is that … A. Nowadays most contestants enter as … A. advertising campaigns B. the race is much more exciting C. a professional cyclist B.

The Turks suffered terrible losses and John’s translator. It had cut an artery and he was bleeding heavily. . The American commander called for air support. They fired missiles and one landed a few yards away from John and his crew. He spent five years there. is for justice to be done. They were behaving more like policeman than soldiers. He also remembers one incident when a civilian was almost killed. Because of this attack. But then he was lucky. He wants to know what went wrong. What he wants more than most. He whispered in his ear and said that if the soldier fired. There was a lot of panic and terrible sights. He once saw the US marines lose control in Tikrit. John and his crew tried everything. John’s most recent war experiences were in Iraq. But he thinks he is lucky to be alive. but always failed. He finally got his wish in 1969 and one year later he went to Northern Ireland. He thinks it was a war crime that lasted for three years. and even the BBC. John tried everything. they thought of them as citizens who needed help. Simpson saw that this experience was put to good use in Iraq. The first problem he had there was just getting into the country. He particularly remembers the Siege of Sarajevo as being horrific and terrible. where even the politics are dull. but couldn’t save him. It hit a truck filled with ammunition. For example. John Simpson had a quiet five years when nothing much happened. But it was only an old man putting out a blanket to get it dry. Despite this experience. The Turkish Border guard decided to let in a group of Kurdish leaders who were going to a conference and John managed to get across the border by dressing up as a Kurd and joining the party. the fall of the Berlin Wall and the Siege of Sarajevo. had been hit. apart from corruption. British Soldiers didn’t treat the local people of Basra like the enemy. he would tell his commanding officer that he had murdered a civilian. The marine didn’t fire. He thought the British Army. At the end of those five years John was promoted to become a foreign affairs specialist. John is deaf in one ear and has scars from shrapnel wounds. After his time in Northern Ireland. He is certainly a good man to have in trouble. but the Iranian and Syrian borders were closed and the Turks were only allowing a few people through. They were screaming and shouting at people and kicking them and forcing them to the ground.Text 9 A Good Man For Trouble The most famous TV journalist in Britain is John Simpson. A US marine shouted “sniper” and pointed his rifle at a man on a rooftop. John stills wants to go back to Iraq. He wants those responsible for the tragedy to be punished. He was posted to places like Brussels. He started his career with the BBC in 1966 as a sub-editor. He noticed that the British Army were using different tactics. He died an hour later. People were burning to death or walking around holding their insides. They were going forward with a convoy of Turkish and American Forces when they were attacked by Iraqi tanks. Simpson had to stop the marine. he had planned to cut through the border fence. but he really wanted to be a journalist. Kamran. It was in Northern Ireland that Simpson first saw the military in action. If that had failed. John thinks the Americans can learn a lot from the Brits. He works for the BBC as their World Affairs editor. This was very different from how the Americans behaved. He had some shrapnel in his thigh. Two F-14’s circled overhead and then swooped down onto the convoy. Since then he has been covering some of the most exciting and important stories of the last part of the 20th Century and the dawn of the 21 st century. It was in Northern Iraq that John and his television crew suffered a great tragedy. didn’t do a very good job there. He wanted to get into Northern Iraq. Tiananmen Square. But that is the nature of the man.

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Because of the incident in Northern Iraq. had a boring time 5. Straight after his time in Northern Ireland. had a great time C. soldiers acting like policemen 2. policemen being used as soldiers B. save the life of a civilian 4. the Turks B. Kamran. the British behaved differently from the Americans in that they … A. John Simpson saw … A. John Simpson whispered in the ear of an American soldier because he wanted to … A. brought lots of police with them 3. were friendly towards civilians B. John Simpson’s translator. warn him of a sniper B. John Simpson … A. In Northern Iraq. In Iraq. In Northern Ireland. was promoted B. was killed by … A. soldiers carrying out normal duties C.1. is now deaf B. John … A. the Americans 7. cut through a border fence 6. not be heard by anyone C. wants to go back 23 . wants justice C. paid the guards some money B. saw civilians as a great danger C. pretended he was going to a conference C. In order to get into Iraq John … A. the Iraqis C.

4° Celsius. She used to work as a surgeon. but it was more than an hour before rescuers could pull her out. heartbeat. Nobody has ever recovered from such a low temperature. Anna slipped and fell through the ice covering a waterfall. Anna was apparently dead. do her normal job . The first recorded temperature after wheeling her straight into the operating room was 14. breathing and all reflexes were absent. but now she finds that few people like the idea of her operating on them. her signs of life had disappeared 2. She has problems with the nerves in her arms and legs since they were damaged by the cold. recover completely B. This surface warming brought about a rapid increase in body heat and improved heart output. Medics continued the resuscitation that had been started by the rescue team. They must be reheated to 36°C and given treatment to restart their heart and lungs. But there is a chance of these nerve endings coming back to some semblance of normality. Doctors couldn’t legally state Anna was dead until … A. where she arrived at ten past nine in the evening. means that she may make a full recovery. Anna was showing no signs of life and her body temperature fell to previously unrecorded levels. This is hardly surprising. She does not want to make any decisions about her career until she knows how well her hands are going to heal and function. By then it was clear that she would pull through. Anna survived. but her recovery continues. and that there has been a remarkable recuperation so far. 35 days C. For the following 35 days she stayed on a ventilator and in the intensive care unit for another 2 months. Because of her current medical condition Anna can’t … A. Active re- warming was accomplished by placing Anna in a circulating water bath warmed to 40° Celsius. Anna does not yet know if her career as a doctor will continue. they can be pronounced dead.Text 10 An Amazing Story In May 2000. The hospital was fully prepared to receive such emergency case. But the skiing will go on. she was treated at 36º Celsius B. her temperature dropped to 14º Celsius C. 9 hours B. If this fails. Her companions summoned help. as her consciousness. The mere fact she went skiing in Canada for a week. lead an active life C. She was immediately taken to hospital. 1. After nine hours Anna showed the first symptoms of returning to life. while out skiing with two friends. How long was it before doctors knew Anna would survive? A. 3 months 3.

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After Eddie’s start at the Games. he would compete against the clock. he would get injured B. he had one advantage: his positive spirit.. Eddie’. Eddie was the only individual athlete that was mentioned in the closing speech of Olympics. they were not properly equipped B. A. all sportsmen have to qualify for the Games . When the president said “at the Olympic Games some competitors have won gold and some have broken records. When the Kenyan David Kinja arrived at the cycling World Championship in France.. he learned there was no championship C. he wasn’t met by anybody B.. Completely unprepared. This spirit against all the odds made him the star of the championship during which he was interviewed more that any other competitor. 1. people thought . those who finish last may actually be winners. but their spirits were huge. the committee introduced rules that made it impossible to take part in Games for people like him. But these fantastic failures may be a thing of the past. they did not ski very well 2. The “Eddie the Eagle Rule” says that . their sponsor exploited them C.” Eddie was Britain’s first and only ski jumper to reach the Olympic Games. A. A. No such thing happened. 100. He had no place to go – the organisers were expecting him the next day. A. and one even flew like an eagle”.000 people in the stadium got up and roared ‘Eddie. When he finally contacted them. At the Olympic Games in Calgary. In the world of the Olympic Games.. They were chosen to represent their country because a sponsor thought it was a funny thing to send people from Africa to compete on snow. in which excellent sportsmen compete. On the contrary. amateurs cannot take part in the Games B.. they did not feel exploited by their sponsors.. he would give up 4. Kenyans seem to be underestimated in sports other than athletics. When the Kenyan cyclist arrived at Paris airport . where there was nobody with knowledge to train him. he realised his bike had been stolen 3. he would be disqualified C. nobody collected him from the airport.. The sportsman with the biggest spirit – and the best self-promoted – was Michael Edwards. not other cyclists.Text 11 The Last will Be the Best If you want to be famous and enter the world of sport. He chose this sport in a country with no ski jumps and little real snow. he learned that he would not be taking part in a race. Boit and Bitok became popular although . poor quality shoes and bad weather. His debut in 1987 in Obersdorf was watched by a nation expecting him to crash and kill himself. and Eddie returned home very popular. For example. This is the “Eddie the Eagle Rule”. However. who was better known as “Eddie the Eagle. do you remember two skiers from Kenya – Boit and Bitok – who took part in the Winter Olympics in Nagano? Before coming to Japan.. they had little experience of snow. even the President of the USA took time out from a conference to watch Eddie’s jump and the potential crash that thankfully never happened. they were grateful for the chance to become Olympians and represent Kenya and so they became heroes. but in a time trial. with a borrowed bicycle. you must be able to reach a minimum standard C. When “Eddie the Eagle” was competing. you don’t always have to come first. Competitors have to jump a certain length before representing their countries. In other words.

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On one occasion Pringle was captured because… A. He was captured while he was … A. Pringle was held in 11 different camps and escaped six times. he escaped with David Sterling. But fortune did not always smile on Pringle. Unfortunately. Pringle made a fool of himself once when he … A. In 1941. he slipped easily into the smart social scene. a German deserter and a Croat. he presented himself at the house where the dance was being held – only to find out that he had arrived a week too early. Virginia Nicholson. he was invited to a fancy-dress ball and. from which he joined the Kings Royal Irish Hussars. finding that all the other costumes had been sold out. 1. He made such a nuisance of himself that the Nazis jailed him in the Italian prison fortress at Gavi. Years of hard times in camps and on the run had taken their toll on Pringle’s health. Dressed like this. never showed up at the party 4. where he won his first MC (Military Cross). he suffered from poor health . Colditz Last Stop. decided to go as a potato. His name was linked with that of the Woolworth heiress Barbara Hutton and he later married Orson Welles’s ex-wife. having told his companion. lectured the SAS and was a keen hunter. and was captured. Born in 1914. making a hole in the outside wall B. On one occasion. the female clothes he wore did not fit him B. mixed up the dates of the ball C. Stirling remained silent. leaving the underground tunnel 3. the founder of the SAS (Special Air Service). he took part in the advance to relieve Tobruk. Posing as a Greek. who did not speak the language. from which he was liberated by the US army. On another occasion. was one of the very few World War II officers to be awarded a Military Cross for his repeated escapes from prisoner of war (PoW) camps. Pringle’s wartime service began in Africa. Within a few months. He later explained that he had been unable to remember the tune. having a rest far away from the prison C. Pringle was sent to Colditz. being good at pretending to be foreigners 2. Pringle discovered an old mining shaft leading to an underground reservoir. he published a memoir of his wartime experience. spending a long time in an Italian prison B. to whistle Lile Marlene. After his escape from Gavi. Confronted by a German patrol. wore a dull costume for the party B. Pringle left the army because … A. who died aged 84.Text 12 The Soldier Who Never Gave Up Jack Pringle. He worked for a time in Portugal. when the trouser leg unrolled and slipped below his skirt. carefully removed the bricks from an outside wall and made his way towards Switzerland. from which no one had escaped in the 600 years of its existence. As a young officer in the Thirties. he decided to work for the SAS C. running away from prisoner of war camps C. In 1988. Once he was almost captured when he disguised himself as a woman and jumped off a moving train. As a PoW (Prisoner of War). Pringle began jabbering away in Italian. Pringle was educated at Sandhurst. he wanted to move abroad B. a colleague forgot a popular melody 5. Jack Pringle was famous for … A. it was difficult to jump out of moving train C. he got within five miles of the border before being captured while resting in a wood. and he had to leave the army in 1946 with a heart condition.

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The important thing about the cassette tape is that … A. From these beginnings the project has grown into the international network it is today. it doesn’t have to be listened to carefully C. it just plays in the background while the child plays. They don’t have enough teacher trainers to meet the demand. The person who created the method developed it after teaching her own children so successfully that her friends and neighbours began to ask her to teach their children. learn more easily and fluently. the age of children is no longer important C. parents need to understand that children have different styles of learning and it's perfectly normal. Children meet their teacher and their group once a week. it is played just before a lesson starts B.' That proves that some children learn quicker than others and will show what they have learnt when they are ready. The latest craze is a method started in the USA five years ago. When the method is used … A. One teacher told a story about how she had had a class with a young girl who used to spend all the lessons sitting in the corner and never speaking. to the age of fourteen. However. Now the only problem seems to be how fast they can train teachers. 'Now I'll be the teacher. eats or is being driven to school with mum or dad. toys and songs to teach English to children. The main topic of the text is … A. so they come to each lesson already knowing something of the vocabulary and structures to be taught. not enough teachers are being trained 3. The method is not growing as quickly as it could because … A. learning languages is now a business B. a new way of teaching languages to children 27 . This method uses games. the results of the learning can be seen quickly 4. in the long run. Sometimes they have doubts when they see their children fidgeting and wandering without speaking around the room during lessons. 1.Text 13 Teaching English is now a big business and many people are trying to find new methods of teaching the language. children can learn at different speeds B. not all parents understand how it works B. those who listen to the foreign language at a younger age will. A child doesn't have to pay attention to the tape. Teachers are also talking about how to get parents more involved in their children's learning. According to teachers. Very young children often seem not to learn much English at first. The participation of the parents is very important and is a great way for mother or father and child to share some fun times together. starting as early as one year old. it is listened to together with parents 2. many teachers are uncertain about it C. until one day she said to the group in English. Every day they listen to a cassette tape twice. the role of parents in children’s language education C.

land or from beneath the surface. The Chinese have been keeping records for 3.000 years. Some earthquake prone countries … A. They make many observations to try to guess when an earthquake will happen. they have discovered the pattern of earthquakes B. These unique documents may be useful. radon. they have a long historical record of earthquakes 2. the Chinese are the world’s leading experts on earthquakes. use satellites to observe earthquakes . Today. measure changes in gas levels C. In fact. they understand why earthquakes happen C. People have been trying to understand earthquakes for a long time. This gas is usually released just before a large tremor. The second paragraph is mainly about … A. China is important to people studying earthquakes because … A.000 earthquake specialists plus many more amateurs in the country. They could tell us if earthquakes follow any sort of pattern. which tells experts of the movement of the earth’s crust.Text 14 Earthquakes cause thousands of deaths and are probably Nature’s most dramatic event. the strange behavior of animals in earthquakes C. which are earthquake prone countries. They have as many as 10. for example. They use satellites that record the changes of the radioactive gas. keeping an eye on the different things that may show an earthquake will soon happen is a costly investment. They also measure changes in temperatures deep in the earth. changes happening under the earth’s surface 3. such as animal behaviour. 1. ways of guessing when earthquakes will happen B. Whether from space. Countries like Mexico or Guatemala. This information is sent to the closest Earthquake Research Centre for analysis. International agencies use the most advanced method of trying to guess when earthquakes will happen. In small towns and villages. often lack funds to do this properly. strange events. cannot pay for good observation methods B. rats leaving buildings in large numbers or snakes crawling out of their holes are recorded. the oldest records of earthquakes are in China.

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six phrases have been removed from each text and placed at the bottom. You must decide which phrases go into which gaps and write the letters in the boxes below. 29 . An extra phrase has been included in each task. Examples have been done for you. • • • • READING Part Two In this part.

Flood victims . Named Trans-Carpathia 2000.. … A … (example) as NATO Allies and Partners rehearsed crisis responses …B … and tens of thousands of people left homeless …C … turned into clean water in one hour …D … situated at NATO headquarters in Brussels …E … which experienced massive floods 13 times …F … who had been rescued …G … which was held between 26 and 28 September …H … because of the threat of pollution 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 A .. Transport planes flew over the region to carry out reconnaissance and sent air images of the flooded area back to a field coordination centre. during the 20th century. (6) … ... for help. .. a NATO Partner. Meanwhile.. Transcarpathia... and power lines cut. (5).. asked the Euro-Atlantic Disaster Response Coordination Centre … (4) .. (3) … . rainfall raised water levels causing rivers to overflow.... In the disaster scenario. Ukraine. experts from several countries took part in an operation to stop toxic chemicals pouring out from an overturned tanker.. necessary in the case of a flood.. A Hungarian team demonstrated how 4. (example) to major flooding in Ukraine.took place in Uzhgorod..500 litres of water could be taken from the river Uzh and . Participants from several countries set up water purification equipment. ..Text 15 NATO Allies and Partners act out flood relief in Ukraine Flood victims were pulled to safety from trees. (2).. shocked by the scale of the catastrophe. Some 200 kilometres of road were flooded. … (0) . were taken for treatment to a Ukrainian field hospital. it simulated responses to flooding in a region . The exercise .. affecting more than 300 towns and villages.. off roof tops and even out of rivers by helicopter. (1) . in western Ukraine..

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was very pleased with this chance to co-operate with units from other countries. (5) … and to obtain information from them on what was going on in the area. During the following days. was to get in contact with the local population … F . The area had some problems with returnees a few months ago. with the main focus on the resettlement areas … E ... Company Commander. … A … (example) is one of the operations designed … B . Ninety men from Company A and the Royal Regiment of Wales … (1) … ..K. “The patrols have already located three sites of unexploded bombs.Text 16 Operation Joint Resolve Operation Joint Resolve XVIII … (0) … (example) to maintain SFOR’s military force in a high state of readiness. The troops carried out presence patrols in the city. unit was working together with U. A small unit was to start patrolling the resettlement area of Dobor in Modrica.. … (2) … . The operations conducted were considered a success. The soldiers also explained their presence in the area... see their equipment and patrolling techniques 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 A . “A local farmer showed us where they were”.. … (3) … .. that SFOR showed its presence and interest in the area … D . The U. as they met after their patrol … G .. Major Jolly Danford. but everything appeared quiet according to the soldiers … (4) …. were deployed into the AOR by COMSFOR … H . One of the main objectives of these patrols . The company established its operations centre just outside the small city of Modrica.. the units carried out operations together in the area … C ...S.. Operation Joint Resolve XVIII has shown that SFOR is capable of rapidly assembling and re- deploying units. The local people were friendly and seemed pleased … (6) … .. units from TF 2-87 from Camp McGovern... The peace enforcement operation was conducted from 16 th-20th January.” Danford explained.

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the war-torn Arcadia and surrounding countries … F .. Guatemala. Leaders could explore more situations in this $900.. the participants kept an eye on cease-fire agreements.. armed conflict and other humanitarian problems.. Leaders were forced to direct team members to move elements throughout … (5) …. facing various situations from snipers in trees to setting-up road blocks. Participants had to make choices in response to very real situations.More than 135 Air Force and Army troops from Joint Task Force-Bravo joined almost 275 other U. As part of the exercise. and prepared the country for follow-on forces. Troops from Belize. The JCM allowed simulation of tactical. while the CAM allowed exercise instructors to add simulated political-military situations into the exercise. El Salvador. The exercise. … (2) … led to economic crisis.. more than 2000 soldiers were trained 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 A .. in the computer-simulated exercise … C ..000 exercise as opposed to … (6) ….. and Central American participants in a multinational peacekeeping exercise held here May 20 to 31. Fuerzas Aliadas (Allied Forces) Central American Peacekeeping Operation was hosted … (0) . helped Arcadian efforts to bring back stability and … (3) ….. the costly deployment of ground forces … D . Participants maneuvered virtual battalion elements using two computer systems called … (4) … .... whose devastating ethnic problems … E .. The computer simulation paid off.S. joined to study peacekeeping problems and solutions … (1) … .Text 17 Soto Caso Air Base Soto Caso Air Base.. (example)... the joint conflict model and civil affairs model … H . Honduras and the U. Use of the computer systems cut costs and gave leaders more flexibility. … A … (example) by the Honduran armed forces … B . conduct free elections … G . strategic and logistical situations. The exercise scenario was set in the unreal country of Arcadia. Honduras .S.

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.. “Cooperative Nugget is a tremendous opportunity. based at Fort Polk. (example). and humanitarian relief operations.. in Central and Eastern Europe.” Perry said... NATO's senior military official.Text 18 Cooperative Nugget Begins Troops from NATO and the former Warsaw Pact stood side-by-side on the parade field here Aug 8 as Cooperative Nugget '95 . troops are from the Army's 2nd Armored Cavalry Regiment. U.S. and how to conduct military operations with one another. from one another. based at Norfolk...” Vincent said.. Atlantic Command.. Partnership for Peace was established after the Cold War as a way ... attended the opening ceremony. will oversee the training.200 troops – including 518 Air Force members. which is the sixth military exercise conducted as part of the program. “And you really don't need me today to remind you that these are the kinds of practical and highly relevant skills ..S. A majority of the 2.”. But I would ask those of you who've done so . and involve about 4.. techniques and procedures for . (3) . (5) ... Virginia. (6) .. for everyday use in environments such as the former Yugoslavia and many other places.. 28 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 A .. (4) . … (1) .. Vincent said the aim of the exercise is “to promote interoperability through common tactics. (2) ... Addressing the troops Vincent said: “No doubt some of you have already participated in operations of this sort. … A … (example) officially began … B … to share those experiences with other participants … C … which soldiers from many nations need … D … the more effective conduct of peacekeeping … E … attending the opening ceremony … F … to strengthen cooperation between NATO and non-NATO nations … G … to learn more about one another … H … will run through Aug. (0) ....500 U... The exercise at Fort Polk's Joint Readiness Training Center .. Defense Secretary William Perry and United Kingdom Field Marshal Sir Richard Vincent.

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Text 19

Return to the War Zone

The dramatic rescue of Maj Andy Harrison and several dozen UN colleagues
... (0) … (example) caught the media's imagination and made international headlines. Yet a couple of
weeks after being reunited with his wife Carolyn and daughters Phillippa and Isabel at RAF Northolt,
… (1) … .
Two days before he left he told Soldier about his time as a prisoner. His job was to assist the
Lome peace agreement, … (2) … . He was part of a team that deployed into Kailahun, a town in the
Revolutionary United Front (RUF) heartland.
Maj Harrison met and worked with the rebels daily. Then the 11 observers were called to a
meeting with the RUF commander at Kailahun. They were told there was to be a peaceful protest and
that they would be held by the RUF for a while because the UN had supposedly held … (3) … .
He and his fellow observers were taken to a small base in a village about half an hour away,
close to … (4) … . All he had were his clothes, a compass, some malaria tablets and his passport.
The prisoners were put in a house with cells and barred windows. It was dark, had concrete
floors, a leaking roof and was riddled with rats. After a few days of living on mangos and paw-paw they
started to get food brought in from the Indian UN company at Kailahun. Using a smuggled camera, …
(5) … .
“The third day was bad because … (6) … . That afternoon our captors threatened to kill a
Russian peacekeeper, Andrei, and myself. We negotiated hard and things stabilised. It was not an
experience I would like to go through every day”.

… A … (example) from the jungles of West Africa
… B ... the Liberian border
… C ... Maj Harrison took photographs of his surroundings
… D ... Maj Harrison quietly slipped out of Britain and returned to Sierra Leone
… E ... which required the rebels to hand over weapons
… F ... to meet the rebel colonel
… G ... some people in the town of Makeni the previous night
… H ... two RUF soldiers were killed in Makeni

0 1 2 3 4 5 6

A

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Text 20

Servicemen Missing in Action Returned

The remains of two U.S. Navy officers, ... (0) ... (example), have been found and are being
returned to their families for burial in the U.S. One has been identified as Lt. Cmdr. Roger B. Innes of
Chicago. The other officer's name will not be released ... (1) ... .
On Dec. 27, 1967, Innes and the other U.S. aviators were aboard an F-4B Phantom ... (2) ...
from the carrier, the U.S.S. Kitty Hawk. The flight was an armed reconnaissance mission along the
coast of North Vietnam. Innes' aircraft was observed on radar as it started its attack on an enemy
target, but contact was suddenly lost ... (3) ... . Repeated radio calls were unsuccessful, and an
extensive visual and electronic search conducted throughout the day failed to locate the aircraft. Low
flight ceilings and poor visibility in the target area prevented additional search efforts.
In August 1992, teams of U.S. and Vietnamese investigators, ... (4) ..., interviewed villagers
and reviewed documentation which indicated an aircraft crashed in 1967 about 300 meters off the
coast. The information was a close match to the circumstances of Innes' loss. In 1995, investigators
interviewed local fishermen who pointed out a general area ... (5) ... .
In February and March 1998, U.S. and Vietnamese divers inspected the underwater site and
recommended a full search. Then in May and June 1999, U.S. Navy divers operating from a
Vietnamese barge, conducted the first underwater recovery operation in Vietnam ... (6) ... . The divers
were able to recover remains, personal belongings of the crew, and aircraft wreckage.
Analysis of the remains and other evidence by the U.S. Army Central Identification Laboratory,
Hawaii established the identity of these servicemen.

… A … (example) missing in action from the Vietnam War
… B ... due to the lack of evidence
… C ... as the lead aircraft in a flight of two
… D ... in the area surrounding the target
… E ... where their fishing nets had been torn on aircraft wreckage
… F ... in waters approximately 10-15 meters deep
… G ... as such was his family’s request
… H ... led by Joint Task Force-Full Accounting

0 1 2 3 4 5 6

A

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The Navy will use inert bombs and shells during the training. Cohen to form a special working group.S. authorities rejected a request from the Puerto Rican government ... that the navy have made very careful arrangements .. DoD officials continue to talk with Puerto Rican officials about Vieques. These included police officers from both U.. .... .. (4) . Marines Get Go-Ahead for Vieques Training A contingent of U.. Demonstrators are expected to protest the exercise. The Navy continues to look at other training sites for Atlantic-area sailors and Marines. At the same time. Atlantic fleet has trained at Vieques since 1941. 1999.. President Clinton directed Secretary of Defense William S. (5) …". earlier this week U. On June 9 of that year. Such training. The exercise involves sailors and Marines that have been assigned . (example) will first carry out a week-long training at the range on Vieques Island in Puerto Rico.S.. "As before..S.. (0) . … A … (example) scheduled for duty in the Mideast.. … B … for sailors and Marines to carry out realistic training … C … to make sure that the Vieques exercise is well protected … D … when an errant bomb killed a civilian security guard … E … that would meet the Department's needs … F … to the USS Enterprise carrier battle group … G … for the safety and proficiency of our armed forces … H … that wanted to ban training at Vieques 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 A . The U.” according to the DoD release. we look forward to the continued cooperation of the people and government of Puerto Rico in providing adequate security for the Navy to conduct the training that is so critical . Pentagon spokesperson Navy Rear Adm.. ...and water-based units... and Puerto Rican land. Craig Quigley said. they had to look for other sites or methods .. would damage health and create too much noise. they said... (3) . (1) .... Officials are working out how to reduce the need for the facility at Vieques.. sailors and Marines . April 19. (6) . (2) .. The range became a sensitive issue between Puerto Rico and DoD . Their task was to see if the range at Vieques was really needed.. April 26.Text 21 Sailors.S.

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but will not reduce … (0) … (example). The U. and three training ranges … E .S. Thomas A.S. from 41 to 23 … G . The remainder will be paid by South Korea...S.. troops … H . the statement said.S.. military would benefit from lowering the number of bases … (4) …. A joint statement said the U. which will also build nine new facilities for U.” Gen. and better quality facilities.S.. military has agreed to close half of its bases in South Korea in the next 10 years.S. This will mean that more than half the land currently occupied by U..Text 22 U. … (6) …. assistant deputy chief of staff for the U.5 billion cost of relocations and base consolidations. The first relocation will begin later this year. “We will stay at our current strength level”. which ended without a peace treaty … C .S.S. said Col. forces will be returned to the South Korean government by 2011. “There is no reduction in U. troops are stationed here as a deterrent against North Korea.S. commander of the U. As a result of the war.S.000 of the 37. to Close Half of Korean Bases SEOUL. Forces in South Korea. but this will stop the process … D . U.. South Korea — The U. military will cover $1.S. South Korean officials said the deal will mean that the government will give back vast areas of private land … (5) … . … (3) … . the joint statement said. … A … (example) the number of American troops stationed there … B . that it confiscated for military use … F . military will shut down 28 combat facilities … (1) … ... Robert Durbin.. Up to 12.000 U. troops … (2) … will be moving to new facilities. Forces in Korea. Schwartz. based in South Korea 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 A .. said after signing the agreement with South Korean Defense Minister Kim Dong-shin.S. forces. The United States fought on South Korea’s side in the 1950-53 Korean War. as it would offer greater efficiency.... Schwartz said that the U.38 billion of the total $2.

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S. Italy. in Macedonia. Vermont Air National Guard. in addition to the United States and Macedonia … H . This is of great importance as they may be useful for their future mission of … (6) … and natural disasters.. personnel and 105 Macedonian engineers and security personnel will participate in the exercise at any given time.. Romania. Bulgaria. part of the state partnership program … C .S. While conducting the exercise.. Navy Seabees. Approximately 140 U. between the two main participating countries … D . Cornerstone 00-3 is designed to develop a common understanding of military interoperability in peace support operations... it is also …(4) … between Vermont and Macedonia. engineers will complete four humanitarian assistance projects for Macedonian cities. reserve and guardsmen … E . three NATO allies (Greece. giving assistance in humanitarian emergencies … G . SEDM brings together. By observing Cornerstone 00-3 the SEDM military engineers will learn project and construction techniques. an engineering field-training exercise... … A … (example) begins May 1. active duty.. Indiana Air National Guard and U. U. It is organized by Macedonia and the United States.. respect and cooperation … (1) …. and Slovenia) to cooperate on a variety of security-related issues in the region. The exercise ends June 30.. This exercise is being conducted in the spirit of the partnership for peace program. The exercise will also be the first to include military engineer observers from other countries participating in the Southeast Europe Defense Ministerial (SEDM) process... and Turkey) and four partners (Albania. 2000 … B . 2000..S. Oregon Air National Guard.S. as well as minor engineering projects 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 A . Air Forces in Europe. These will include the renovation of medical clinics in Pepeliste and Krivolak … (2) … at two elementary schools.S. It is also aimed at promoting mutual trust. participants will include … (3) … of the U. 16th Air Force. U. large number of civilians … F . … (5) ….Text 23 Engineers Conduct Field Training in Macedonia Cornerstone 00-3. … (0) … (example). Marine Corps engineers..

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The Russian military has confirmed that a Mi-24 helicopter gunship was shot down … (3) ….. Last August. The Chechen rebels. … A … (example) and Russian troops … B . reportedly led … (4) … . recently crossed into Russia from the Pankisi Gorge in Georgia. to break through into Chechnya 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 A . one-hundred-and-twenty Russian soldiers were killed when a transport helicopter was shot down with a portable missile in the Chechen capital Grozny. by Chechens in Ingushetia … E . on both sides among the locals … H .. across the border with Chechnya. to gain control over the centre of the village … D .. Most of them. They have seized several portable missile launchers that have been used by the rebels to devastating effect...Text 24 Chechens Down Helicopter in a Battle Local police … (0) … (example) in Ingushetia have been fighting off an attack by a large group of rebels.. even if this means crossing into Georgia . are apparently trying … (1) … . the Russian military say. which is said to have entered the country from Georgia. The helicopter was shot down with a portable anti-aircraft missile and crashed onto the village of Galashki. The rebels also fired on another helicopter but missed.. There are conflicting reports about casualties … (6) … . It has been bombed and blocked off by the Russian federal forces. numbering up to 300. Both pilots were killed. Heavy fighting is reported around Galashki.. Russia says its troops will hunt the rebels … (2) …. according to the authorities. until they are completely eliminated … G .... until the village is clear … C . with some reports saying that the Chechen rebels are trying … (5) … . by the Chechen warlord Abdul Malik … F . The incident happened during a gunfight between security forces and the rebels.. His unit... are Islamic radicals who want to create a fundamentalist state in the Caucasus.

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.. They will be joined by around 70 Georgian troops. Russia has shown no interest in taking part. which costs a lot of money … E .. (1) … . The exercises will last from June 16 to June 28 and they will allow exercise participants to exchange light infantry skills in a variety of peace support operation scenarios. They will be small unit land live exercises.Text 25 Georgia-NATO Military Exercises Begin Today Twelve days of joint Georgia-NATO military exercises nicknamed “Best Effort 2002” … (0) … (example) and will concentrate on peacekeeping operations. It has also decided at the last moment … (4) … .... of the main annual NATO exercise programme 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 A . The exercises are organised by the Atlantic Alliance’s Partnership for Peace (PfP) program. “Best Effort 2002” is the second round of NATO exercises to take place in Georgia as part of the PfP a program which allows former Warsaw Pact nations … (5) … . According to Batkuashvili. the organisation of control points and operations against snipers.. Last month US military instructors began training Georgian officers under a program designed to form anti-terrorist units and … (6) … . … A … (example) begin today … B . to help restructure the Georgian armed forces … H . that troops may perform in peacekeeping operations … F .. Georgian spokesman Colonel Irakli Batkuashvili said the exercises would involve “patrols. According to NATO and Georgian officials. around 600 troops from six NATO countries … (2) … ... They are planned as part . not to take part in the exercises … G ....... to cooperate with their former NATO enemy … D . are deploying at the Vaziani Base near Tbilisi … C . They are to give a general preparation for all kinds of missions … (3) … ”. Uzbekistan last week announced that it was leaving the GUUAM post-Soviet economic grouping.

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. From the sea and on the land.. (0) ... .Text 26 U.. "And it certainly meets our needs and our mission here". Somalia. Sattler said nothing is pushing the force to hurry off the ship and move ashore. disrupts and defeats terrorists in Kenya. … A … (example) to prevent terrorists from gaining ground … B .” he said...detects. "I would describe it as very.. (6) . but very... carry out missions against terrorists … C .. to make the cooperation between the countries stronger … F .... Stephen Cox said today. on board the USS Mount Whitney … G ." Sattler said... Cox said about 400 service members form task force headquarters on the Mount Whitney. Sattler said the unit has helicopters on board the ship that allow him to travel anywhere in the region and state-of-the-art communications systems .. Task force members typically will serve 180-day rotations.. that could lower capabilities. very safe. very harsh. very strong force- protection security" themselves. Troops Fighting Terrorism in the Horn of Africa Roughly 1. Central Command officials may want to move the task force headquarters onto land in the coming months. to get to anyone in the chain of command … H . Ethiopia. Cox is the task force public affairs officer. if Sattler gets "actionable intelligence" about a planned attack. He noted the camp's residents provide "very. .. task force leaders have met with the heads of state of Yemen and Ethiopia.... (example) in the Horn of Africa..Marine Maj.. “Fighting terrorists in the region will be successful if there are good relations between .. he added. (3) .. the task force and the governments of surrounding countries … D ... but individually and in small groups .Horn of Africa .300 American and coalition troops are working .. Cox said the unit has been building intelligence networks in the region and can ... (1) .. an amphibious command ship 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 A .. Marine Maj... Gen. Since the unit arrived early last month. floating off the coast of Djibouti in the Gulf of Aden. and Yemen . Combined Joint Task Force . to avoid rotation of troops on a large-scale … E .. (2) . (4) ....S. While U. eating and working in climate-controlled tents. (5) . . He and his commander.. The other 900 work at Camp Lemonier in Djibouti. He called the Mount Whitney "probably the most capable naval platform in the world”.S.. John Sattler. spoke via a telephone connection to reporters in the Pentagon from the unit's headquarters .... Camp Lemonier is where 900 troops are sleeping.

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. it would dramatically lower Israel's energy bill … D . the idea of reopening the pipeline … H ... According to 1975 Memorandum of Understanding (MoU). Paritzky said he was sure the USA would agree with … (3) … ... Moreover.. if Saddam's successors don’t agree to sell oil to Israel … C . its great enemy.. pointed to another benefit.. would get all needed oil if there is a crisis … E .. the new Iraqi government would have to agree to restart supplies from Mosul to Haifa.. reopening the pipeline would change its economy. He said that the minister for national infrastructures Joseph Paritzky … (1) … the oil pipeline from Mosul to the Mediterranean port of Haifa. and also guaranteed transportation of the promised oil in its own tankers if there would be any problems with commercial shippers. Some of them say that the Bush administration has said it will not agree to stop UN sanctions on Iraq … (4) … . … A … (example) from the US led war on Iraq … B . This pipeline has been closed for a very long time now. the USA has discussed this with Iraqi opposition groups. (0) … (example). Because Israel hasn’t got enough energy resources of its own and … (2) ….. the USA agreed to send oil from its home market.. it would be a very good contract … F . Haaretz quoted Paritzky as saying that the pipeline project is economically very important because … (5) … . it seems the Israelis have also other things in mind.. and no threat from the weapons of mass destruction.. It is not surprising that US tries to get Iraqi oil to Israel. buys expensive oil from Russia 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 A 42 . However. Haaretz.. was thinking about opening … G .Text 27 Oil from Iraq: An Israeli Pipedream? It is said that Israel will benefit greatly . There is a theory that Bush's war is part of a masterplan to change the shape of the Middle East to serve Israel's interests. Of course. According to Western diplomats in the region. in his report from 31 March.. the US guaranteed that Israel … (6) … . mainly because there will be no President Saddam Hussein.

Text 28 Where Is Osama? “We don’t know where Osama is”.S. The White House is sure that Pakistan’s military is dead serious about finding bin Laden and turning him over to U. While some leaders of the new Afghan government believe Bin Laden is hiding with Omar near Baghran. Pakistan’s army and intelligence service are far more suitable for the task. he is most likely to be hiding on one side or the other of the Afghan border with Pakistan. He would find the safest place in the remote areas of northwest Pakistan. U. They believe that if he survived the bombing of Tora Bora caves. the Bush Administration has no plans to deploy U. “We’ve been pretty honest about that. says Army General Tommy Franks. As many as 60. mostly Saudis and Yemenis … H … to hunt for him 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 A . Mullah Abdul Salam Zaeef. where bin Laden stayed for some time after he was kicked out of Sudan in 1996.S. … A … (example) and he is either inside Afghanistan or he isn’t … B … has moved too far into Pakistan … C … if he is captured … D … and was given food and money … E … American officials are skeptical … F … could expect a warm welcome … G … arrested 245 foreigners. Pakistan’s Interior Minister. What if Osama is already in Pakistan? Even if it becomes certain that Osama has escaped there. intelligence officials don’t believe he … (5) … .000 Pakistani troops have been deployed at border checkpoints. says the border patrols have so far … (3) …. … (1) … . We’ve said he is either dead or alive. who are being held in high-security prisons in and near the frontier town of Kohat. special – operations forces or CIA paramilitary teams … (4) … . In some of those parts. authorities … (2) … .S. In Pakistan’s Dabori Valley last week. Moinuddin Haider. If bin Laden has crossed the border. bin Laden … (6) … . villagers say they would give him shelter as a fellow Muslim. In the White House view. … (0) … (example). They also deported back to Afghanistan the Taliban’s former ambassador to Pakistan.

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45 . • • • • READING Part Three Read the texts and write if the statements 1 to 7 are true (T) or false (F).

(……) 6. who are happier going to Computertowns where there are computers available for them to experiment on. Although many people see this as a successful attempt to bring people closer to the computer. Children came to Computertown USA once a week. (……) 3. He says that Computertown UK was formed just for the opposite reason. There are 40 Computertowns in the UK and the USA. David first got the idea when he visited one of America’s best-known computer specialists. The clubs look after enthusiasts. Albrecht had started a project called Computertown USA in the local library. (Example) Experts think computer users should learn how computers work. Not all experts agree. in Britain. In some Computertowns there are question sessions. The computer experts have to learn not to tell people about computers. People don’t have to learn computer jargon. they are not told what to do. (…F…) 1. He insists there is a vast and important difference between the two. In Computertowns. David Tebbutt finds it interesting to see the two different groups of people working side by side. is David Tebbutt. Computer clubs and Computertowns compete with each other.” in other words. Albrecht was always there to answer any questions and to help the children discover about computers in their own way. All experts agree that computer literacy is necessary. and there are now about 40 scattered over the country. with experts to encourage them and answer any questions. David does not see it that way. to learn to understand computers and what makes them work. 0. (……) 7. to bring computers to the people. Computertowns have become successful. Over here. although they complement each other. (……) 5. the computers are becoming “people-literate”. instead of borrowing library books. in the small university town of Palo Alto in Northern California. (……) 4. but the experts have to translate computer mysteries into easily understood terms. where the experts listen to a lot of questions and then try to work out some way to answer them. with some computer knowledge already. and the local children used to call round every Wednesday to borrow some time on the computer there. One pioneer in particular who disagrees. Non-experts prefer Computertowns to computer clubs. that this is a good idea. they find out. David Tebbutt thinks they are most successful when tied to a computer club.Text 29 Computer people talk a lot about the need for other people to become “computer-literate. (……) . This frightens away non-experts. the founder of Computertown UK. The first Computertown was founded in the UK. Bob Albrecht. but have to be able to explain the answers to the questions that people really want to know. however. (……) 2. the experts decide what to tell people.

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0. Once inside the submarine. the UB-65 would not rise. a terrified petty officer and another sailor said that the ghost of the dead lieutenant had come aboard. But when he tried to surface. The chief gunner and the petty officer killed themselves. Once more the damaged UB-65 went back to the port. Before it went under. the ghost was noticed standing in the bows. A few moments later the captain was killed as enemy planes attacked the harbour. Although the submarine crew were highly superstitious and they did not want to sail. Back in port. The ghost appeared once more as the ship entered the port. the water caused the emission of deadly fumes. the desperate captain managed to surface with his crew almost dead from the gases. the petty officer jumped over the side. and so its construction continued despite the dangerous signs of approaching disaster. (……) 7. A few weeks later. the UB-65. In port. The lights inside the submarine flashed wildly. During the preparations for the submarine’s first dive. (……) 2. (……) 6. the figure of the ghostly officer appeared for the last time. A chaplain was called to exorcise. killing six men including a lieutenant. The captain continued the mission as if nothing had happened. to force away. The UB-65 was built in 1916 during World War I.Text 30 Many ghost stories have their beginnings in the strange events that occur during wartime. Late in the war. One of the strangest is about the haunted German submarine. and a strange green glow filled the hull. At last. a series of accidents killed five men and injured several others. One man committed suicide during the submarine’s first dive. an American ship met something strange. (……) 4. and the day after that. the ship was needed badly. (……) . Then suddenly the chief gunner went mad and killed himself. (…T…) 1. There was an attempt to get rid of the ghost. There was nobody aboard the UB65 when the American ship saw it. (Example) The haunted submarine was of German make. (……) 3. Suddenly there was an explosion on the submarine. The crew saw the UB-65 deserted and drifting at sea. Shortly after. Five people were injured in accidents during the building of the submarine. For the next few months. a sailor threw himself over the side without warning. while patrolling off the English coast. During the work on the submarine. (……) 5. the UB-65 functioned normally. the ghost. soon reaching the batteries and causing them to give off deadly fumes. the UB-65 was loading supplies when a torpedo exploded. Sea water began coming into the ship. the submarine accidentally fired a torpedo. In the next battle the ship was hit.

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resulted in accidents and irreparable damage. played by John Cleese. leaving a new successor and Bond with new toys. (……) 2. His film debut was in “Ask a Policeman”. (Example) Desmond Llewelyn became well known after his role in “Cleopatra”. His appearance in “Cleopatra” with Elizabeth Taylor and Richard Burton went unnoticed. (……) 3. (……) 4. In “The World Is Not Enough” he introduces a new assistant. The last Bond film marks the end of Llewelyn’s career as “Q”. 007. he was involved in a head-on collision. During WW II he was captured by the Germans and spent five years as a prisoner during which time he worked on an escape tunnel dug with other prisoners. more than once. (……) 6. played in all but two of the James Bond films. His wife . as the enigmatic “Q”. What his wife was afraid of happened. “R”. audiences felt disappointed and the demand for his return was so great that he returned to the screen to continue his job as “Q”. (…F…) 1. In his private life Llewelyn was not that fascinated with gadgetry. Desmond Llewelyn. Llewelyn was born in Wales at the outbreak of WWI. He stopped driving when he was 80. “Pay attention Bond … and please use this for its intended purpose. He was 85 years old. She wanted him to give up driving after he turned 80. When he was omitted from “Live and Let Die”. Bond’s fascination with his accessories. “Q” has said his good-bye and disappeared. Although playing “Q” was not time- consuming – it took him 2 or 3 days for each film – he decided to quit. That did not discourage “Q” from constructing new “gizmos” for each new episode.though. However. He admitted that in his hands most gadgets exploded as soon as he touched them. He preferred cars. Llewelyn played in “ The World is Not Enough”. He died in a plane accident. His performance in “Live and Let Die” disappointed the audience. (……) 5. Desmond Llewelyn played in all James Bond movies. Desmond drove everywhere himself. was not quite happy with this. though he was never able to buy a really good one. He had a weakness for them because his father had had the first Bentley on the road in England. On December 19 while driving to sign copies of his biography. As “Q” he supplied 007 with a range of hi-tech gadgets that were everything the agent needed to survive. (……) 7. Llewelyn wrote a book about James Bond. even though people offered him lifts.Text 31 You will not find him playing main characters in films. 0. Desmond Llewelyn owned the first Bentley in England. His exit proved to be a final one. Yet he is well known to moviegoers around the world with his episodic roles in the Bond films.” “Q” always warned Bond not to treat his powerful gadgets as toys. (……) . He was flown to hospital but died of the terrible injuries sustained in the crash.

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(……) 5. They could move about the country without asking permission. Often. Those without any trade or knowledge of English often worked in "sweat shops". every immigrant had to be checked for various diseases such as smallpox or tuberculosis. Approximately. 25 million immigrants passed through the examination rooms of Ellis Island. or painters. Others moved on to the other states to work. Between 1892 and 1943. The Statue of Liberty Monument is part of Ellis Island. (……) 3. Ellis Island served as a barrier as well as a gateway: those too old or too weak to support themselves were turned back from what they called the "Isle of Tears". Ten-year-olds were sent back alone if they failed the tests.000 immigrants made the bitter voyage back to the lands they had left. From Ellis Island. Here everyone was examined and evaluated. In 1911. 0. (……) .Text 32 Ellis Island is still in New York Bay. Ellis Island has been the miraculous bridge between desire and the fulfilment of dreams. “Sweat shops” made clothing with cheap immigrant labour. In 1913.200 failed the medical test in 1913. immigrants sailed to the Isle of Tears. sewing in the lower Manhattan's clothes district. in Brooklyn or Queens. There were periods in the history of this island when there were far too many immigrants who could not be accommodated properly. (……) 6. Immigrants living in New York needed permission to travel. Once 1. many newly-arrived immigrants — there were millions of them from all nations — started a new life. (Example) Ellis Island is close to New York. carpenters. (…T…) 1. Those who did not pass their medical examination would be deported. 1. (……) 2. lived and worked in ethnic sections of New York City. Immigration officials thought that children of 10 were old enough to take care of themselves. immigrants ate the same food three times a day due to overcrowding. Ellis Island is close to Manhattan. live and raise their families. All those who were accepted as new residents of the United States of America took the short ferry ride to Manhattan. Some stayed on Manhattan Island. and a reminder of dreams that did come true. About 1. In America they could attend the church of their choice without being criticised. Many started small family shops or worked as tailors. Their children eagerly went to school to learn English and often became English teachers for their parents. about 13. (……) 7.700 people tried to sleep in a dormitory that had beds for only 600. intelligence tests were added. This meant that they could enter the country or be deported without their parents. It has been walked on by millions of immigrants who escaped from their homeland in search of freedom and a better life. Now it is part of the Statue of Liberty National Monument. From here. According to the Fitness Law passed in 1891. All immigrants landed on Ellis Island between 1892 and 1954. It has heard words spoken in every language of the world.200 immigrants failed these tests and were sent home as mentally unsatisfactory. (……) 4. Some went to California to look for gold while others moved to the American plain states to start farms of their own.

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(……) 4. for 34 months until the service was closed suddenly for the duration of the Second World War after the transmission of a Mickey Mouse cartoon on 1 September. he felt it was wrong for people to watch such an important occasion while drinking tea in their front rooms." 0. Will those looking in send a postcard marked 'Z' to Broadcasting House immediately. 1936. (……) 3.’ Programmes were broadcast to the small band of viewers or "lookers". During one particularly dull cricket match. During experimental broadcasting leading up to the opening. (Example) John Reith made a note in his diary on November 2. the first Director- General of the BBC. hissing at the fearsome but sad Soames (Eric Porter) and crying over Young Jolyon (Kenneth Moore). Before World War Two (WW II) the BBC was certain it had a big audience. There was some political opposition to showing the Coronation.Text 33 It was clear from his diary entry of November 2. Showing the Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II was a big break for TV. one of them. Jim Laker. criticised Princess Elizabeth's hat. got into trouble with his microphones and was heard to say on air: "It'll be a relief when this game is over and we can go for a couple of beers. Like many. it was felt that the Alexandra Palace transmitter might become a navigational aid for enemy aircraft. 1953 which truly launched the television age. It was the Coronation of the present Queen on June 2. Among other reasons. In those early days the BBC itself wondered if anyone was watching it at all. The BBC television continued to broadcast during WW II. clearly not well-briefed. (……) 7. Some clergymen changed the time of Evensong so that their congregation could get home in time to watch it. 1946. (……) 2. Even Churchill's opposition could not keep the cameras out of Westminster Abbey on that occasion. The first sport covered after the official opening of the BBC's Television Service was a demonstration of boxing in 1936. BBC Television was reopened on June 7. Victory Parade took place on June 7. providing the commentary for the Parade. 1936 that John Reith. It is estimated that the coverage of the Victory Parade the following day was seen by 100 000 viewers. Television produced many marvellous cricketing broadcasters over the years. they could stare at personalities and nobody thought they were ill-mannered. (……) . as they were called. Richard Dimbleby. (…T…) 1. it placed an advertisement in the newspapers. ‘The BBC is most anxious to know the number of people seeing this television programme. On average 18 million viewers watched each episode of the Forsythe Saga. Televised sport actually goes back to 1932. It was estimated that some 20 million viewers saw the seven hours of continuous coverage. Each week the whole country followed the drama. (……) 6. People did not mind. Boxing was the first sport to be shown on television. (……) 5. when the BBC showed some poor quality demonstration pictures of horses passing the finishing post at the Derby. The first major classic serial was The Forsythe Saga (1967). 1946. doubted whether television had a future. Eighteen million people saw the final episode.

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but it is great for a week of knocking a ball around a field or two. (……) 2. Andrew’s. To play Arran's courses is cheap and relatively painless by English standards. (Example) There are 4. from where you can almost see Paul McCartney across the sea playing his guitar on his farm on the Mull of Kyntire. This makes low hitting of the ball and accuracy a must. There are more than seven villages on the island. Troon and Scotland's other grand golf arenas. You can hire clubs cheaply for a day or a week and set off from one village to the next along the island's 55-mile round-the-island road. the British Open Champion. (……) . Nearly all have magnificent views. three of the standard 18-hole length (Brodick. (…T…) 1. On a good day the coastline of Northern Ireland is visible. it might be quite a challenge. (……) 7. one of the island’s courses. some 25 miles south of Arran. Perhaps the nicest course is at Machrie. your ball can find its way into the thick rough – that is. All are so-called "links" courses. It has 7 courses. They take no notice of the golfer and are not concerned about the state of the game. well. and Arran is no exception. and keep the courses neat and tidy. and the atmosphere is far less formal than at many English courses. as well as Ailsa Craig. many of whom roam the courses. Another great beauty is the island’s sheep. Or did until the outbreak of foot and mouth disease earlier this year. and if you are not careful you can see your shots glide effortlessly into the deep blue sea. Lamlash and Whrting Bay) and one for almost every village on the island. no obligation to wear a shirt and tie in the clubhouse. One can feel relaxed playing on Arran’s courses. According to the legend. Arran is not in the same league as the big tournament courses. (……) 5. (……) 3. the Isle of Arran off the west coast of Scotland has perhaps more golf holes per head of population than any other island in the world. (……) 6. It always blows a lot over Arran.700 inhabitants on the Isle of Arran. at St. Jack Nicklaus. the giant rock that sticks out of the sea like a giant tooth. once played at Sannox. It is difficult to lose a ball playing at Machrie course. There is no six- month waiting list as at many English courses. Part of it runs along the sea coast. They like a bit of grass though. For the golf enthusiast. 0. to be cracked open by crabs and swallowed by seals. the area with longer grass not tended by the club. it is never not windy in Scotland. that means next to the sea. The Isle of Arran lies between Scotland and Ireland. For him it may have been a simple pleasure. Paul McCartney lives on the Isle of Arran. particularly on the island's west coast. As you probably know. and many have holes that either run alongside the beach or play directly over the sea.700 inhabitants. and the occasional couple of goats or deer. (……) 4. If not swallowed by the sea.Text 34 With only about 4. Arran can house major Golf Championships. For you.

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as it blends well. It was Charles I who decided to promote gin to the population of London by introducing wider distribution. British soldiers fighting in the Thirty Years War in Holland and Belgium in the early part of the 17th century had grown accustomed to their pre-battle drink of “Dutch Courage”. Sylvius. Gin originated as a medicine. The King formed a company with exclusive rights to distil and manufacture gin in London. Gin has been popular for hundreds of years. The consumption of gin dropped from eleven million gallons per year in the early 1750's to less than two million gallons in 1760. the Dry Martini is the classic. In later centuries the gin production process became more refined and gin began its climb into high society. (…T…) 1.Text 35 The history of gin is as interesting as the history of London itself and has influenced the social and economic development of the city. (……) 5. The reforms culminated in the introduction of the Gin Act in 1736. The Gin Act of 1736 prohibited gin consumption. Gin is very often used in cocktails. 0. whipping and deportation. These licenses were restricted to innkeepers and other sellers who paid a duty of ten pounds rent for their establishment. for gin actually owes its existence to a medicinal tonic of the distant past. The reaction of the masses was obvious and in some parts of London large scale rioting took place. They brought the spirit back home to London. By royal order in London only one company was allowed to produce gin. (……) 4. (……) 2. The Tippling Act of 1751 introduced licenses for selling gin. The discovery of a 17th-century Dutch physician. Gin consumption decreased due to severe punishments. and — many would argue — the ultimate test of a barman's skill. (……) . The 1751 Tippling Act ordered that only persons licensed by the government were allowed to sell gin. (……) 3. (……) 7. (……) 6. Punishments for those breaking this regulation were severe. which gave rise to the first movement towards reducing gin consumption. Londoners took full advantage of the new drinking opportunities offered to them. A later ban on the importation of spirituous liquors from foreign countries opened up the distilling trade to any British citizen. a law which made gin prohibitively expensive. including imprisonment. where it soon became a firm favourite. A Dry Martini is difficult to prepare. By the 1950's it was one of the three essential drinks for home entertainment. but its image has not always been as sophisticated as it is today. The working population were able to become “dead drunk” when they wished. the first gin was a mixture of pure spirit and extract of juniper berries. (Example) Gin is an alcoholic drink. Of all the cocktails it is used in. Gin used to be called “Dutch Courage”.

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I don’t know how Iraqis. (…T…) 1. as this was all illegal trade. although I'd brought a big suitcase with me. The author wanted to give rugs to poor people. of course. to look a strange man in the eye in Arab countries. They make this long journey there and back. we could see people selling old bits of cars. (……) 3. fish. a journey of around eight hours one-way. they did. The rugs look beautiful in my sitting room. however. As we were walking through the market. I had. We wanted to see whether they had any rugs for sale. (……) 6. I wanted to buy them all for the reason that my money might have gone to help some poor family. However. Nibal did all the negotiating of course. (……) 4. I chose two. stop them so I guess this tiny amount of trade was not thought to be a crime. We were shown wonderfully coloured handmade rugs.Text 36 Nibal. an old pair of shoes. For example. but also because the UK had helped to make all this poverty happen. they are. not only because I'm a woman and it's not the right thing to do. particularly as I have no sympathy whatsoever with the sanctions put on Iraq following the Gulf War. (……) . I couldn't actually meet their eyes. (……) 7. (……) 5. I kept my eyes low. meat and clothing. for example. But seeing it in front of my eyes was a lot worse. The author was surprised by the level of poverty she saw in Iraq. and make around ten dollars for the effort. I didn't have enough space! So. and Jordanians. (Example) The Iraqis on the market were selling old. With them they carry. but also because I didn't want them to know that I was British. You would be surprised at what men from Baghdad will do to make a small amount of money in order to support their families. I was glad to get back to England. (……) 2. The local police didn't. Nibal was trying to get the seller to accept less than his asking price. The author paid close to the original asking price for the rugs. The author and her guide took a taxi to Jordan. The author bought the rugs because they were so cheap. I was not only saddened by the sight of all this. a well-worn shirt or a broken comb. and that friendliness just adds to the feeling of shame. they take a shared taxi from Baghdad to Amman. for example. Iraqi men trade illegally in petrol. five little one-litre plastic cans of petrol. can be so friendly towards the British. and I went to the market in the old part of the city. 0. However. in true Arab style. I thought we should not only accept his original asking price but also give him much more! Nibal eventually agreed a price that wasn't far off the original. The author felt ashamed to be British. second-hand things. my Arab guide. Watching it on TV was bad enough. In the UK I would have to pay ten times as much as in the Iraqi souk. Petrol is cheap in Baghdad (but it's illegal to export it) and expensive in Jordan. seen BBC TV pictures of the Iraqis in Baghdad selling. all very secretly of course. and are a constant reminder of an area of the world that I love.

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Everybody expected Will to win. This is a seriously successful show. Pop Idol is criticised for lack of naturalness. (……) 2. The two finalists signed record contracts before the final voting. (……) 6. rock and pop groups are formed by friends in garages and bedrooms. They have time to tour clubs and concert halls for a few years before they get famous. who happily admit to being a fan. which still remains unfilled. According to the critics Will Young’s career will probably be short. Young hopeful people sing in front of very rude judges and then the best ten singers perform live on national TV every Saturday for ten weeks. (Example) Pop Idol is a reality show. Pop idol is still on in Great Britain. groups like the Spice Girls are formed and manufactured in the offices of the marketing department at a record company. (…T…) 1. has taken British TV by storm. Will Young appealed to the older. these people had real talent as well as a hunger for fame. (……) 3. He will be a pop sensation for only a year or so. (……) 7. Pop Idol attracted different people. Critics of the program argue that Pop Idol is just another example of the record industry manufacturing an overnight sensation. the two finalists. the latest offering in reality TV. Their music and image grows naturally. Even though the audience felt sympathy for Gareth. 0. Will won. he will be forgotten. but also. Will Young and Gareth Gates had achieved the fame they so wanted and record contracts and wealth waited for them. (……) 5. Watching Pop Idol on a Saturday night became a ritual for many families and the end of the series left emptiness. The viewers vote which one they like least off the program until there is a winner. The prize is a record contract. the critics say. The audience vote for their favourite. they decided Young was the better singer.Text 37 Pop Idol. On the other hand. His singing and youthful appearance made him an instant pop idol for thousands of teenage girls. if he is lucky to last that long. The success of Pop Idol lies in its ability to appeal to all sorts of people. more sensitive music fan. Unexpectedly. unlike the contestants in Big Brother. Then. instant fame and wealth. The format is simple: a mixture of Big Brother and a talent contest. The show was dramatic and exciting. Even before the final votes were counted. (……) . when the new Pop Idol sensation comes along. Will Young is just another fabricated pop star. Traditionally. The bookmakers made Gareth the most likely winner. (……) 4.

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In recent years concern has grown that Rag Week is becoming dominated by alcohol. are not looking forward to exams. (…T…) 1. There are more conventional events as well. Each university and college organizes all kinds of events ranging from the weird to the wonderful. consequently. Rag Week. (……) 2. Many of the large drink companies sponsor events and alcohol is sold at low prices. (……) 3. Some quite strange events are organized at Irish third year institutions during Rag Week. which is held in or around the month of April. or rags. During Rag Week students do not go to lectures. There is wheelbarrow racing where one student pushes another round a city in a wheelbarrow. however. (……) 5. Rag Week is a very old tradition going back over a hundred years. or in some cases given free. Rag Week is organised to celebrate the end of the third year. The "slave auction" is where one student is auctioned off as a slave to the rest of the students. cooking. The name came about because students used to wear caps and gowns to lectures at University. They must go from pub to pub and drink a beer in each one. During Rag Week alcohol prices go down.Text 38 Spring is in the air and for one group of people in Ireland that brings mixed emotions. students at third year generally face the frightening prospect of exams at the end of the academic year. which is usually in late May or early June. Many people ask whether there are better ways for students to unwind before exams rather than consuming too much alcohol. Students bought at auctions have to do charity work. At the University of Limerick. One competition is about drinking as much beer as possible. Frequently they spend all their money in Rag Week and are broke at the end of it. A hundred years ago during Rag Week students wore caps and gowns. There is a "suggestion box" into which you can put your ideas on what you want to hear on the radio. music. except for lectures. There is. (……) . they could wear what they wanted. As Ireland has got richer more students have money to spend and sadly this often means they spend it on beer or whiskey. Anything. as in most English speaking countries. interviews with Professors and live broadcasts from around the university. students set up a radio station especially for Rag Week. games and all round madness. At the university I attended in Limerick there is Rag Week Radio. including old clothes. There are programmes on student life. The most important thing about the spirit of Rag Week is that anything goes. (……) 4. When they are "sold" they must work in the house of the person or people who buy them for a period of time. one item that lifts the spirits before the hard grind of exam preparation begins. is a weeklong series of events. All the money raised at these events goes to charity. this is also the time of year when the weather is good and people are relieved that winter is over. (……) 6. The first one over the finish line is the winner. In Ireland. Sometimes the teams are bigger and they use a bed instead of a wheelbarrow. concerts. which is a radio station set up by the students for the seven days of Rag Week. at nearly all the concerts and Rag Week events. These people are third year university students. (Example) Rag Week is organised in Ireland. Unfortunately. (……) 7. But for Rag Week. Students. 0. There is Blind Date and a Rag Ball where people dress in fancy dress. washing up and cleaning.

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Abel Tasman built bases on New Zealand. he was to continue onward and explore New Zealand. He also insisted that they should wash themselves and their clothes often .Text 039 230 years ago. a skilled navigator and astronomer. (……) 6. using the islands as a base in his search for a mythical "great southern continent. In 1768." If he found any natives along the way.a novelty on sea voyages. Cook became famous not only for his discoveries. (……) . even though his voyages took him almost as far south as Antarctica. (……) 7. The Royal Society wanted the British Empire to become bigger. which he used in his later voyages in 1772-75 and 1776-79. (……) 5. If he did not find it. Cook was to try "by all proper means to cultivate a friendship and alliance with them showing them every kind of civility and regard. He returned there several times. But although Dutch. and they fought Cook when he went ashore at Poverty Bay. a large part of the Australian coast and the Cook Islands. the Royal Society in London chose James Cook. (……) 4. (……) 2. however. by making his men eat sauerkraut and an orange extract. (Example) James Cook was English. Cook was told to sail south and west afterwards to find the southern continent and claim it for England. English seaman James Cook became the first European to set foot in New Zealand. 0." The Maori people of New Zealand thought differently. however. he gained their friendship and their permission to build bases along the coast. The Maori people changed their attitude to explorers. He prevented scurvy. Spanish and French sailors had explored much of the western Pacific in the 17 th century. (…T…) 1. One idea of the Enlightenment was to dominate other cultures. but was killed there by native people in a dispute in 1779. Cook's instructions from the Lord High Admiral also reflected the age of Enlightenment's respect for "the noble savage. He did. (……) 3. on 9 October 1769. they had found only Australia and New Zealand. He also discovered Hawaii. a disease which killed many seamen. to observe from Tahiti a transit of Venus across the sun's disc in 1769. map Tonga. They had prevented Abel Tasman from landing in 1642. but also because most of his men survived the long voyages. Cook believed in the existence of a continent in the southern hemisphere." Philosophers had agreed in ancient times that a large continent must exist in the southern hemisphere to balance those in the north. With time. Cook died at sea. Cook failed to find another continent. Cook cared for his sailors.

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(Example) Oxford and Cambridge are the largest universities in Great Britain. a new college. (……) 3. In many ways the University of London has departed from the old-fashioned traditions of Oxford and Cambridge. a federation of Colleges and Institutions that together provide the greatest variety of courses to take. This college aimed to attract students from all religious and social backgrounds. did not like the new school and they used to say it was the “godless college”. In 1836 these two institutions joined forces in a typically English compromise. and the Duke of Wellington. Medical schools at various hospitals became part of the university. London was the first to stop carrying out “religious tests”. During the reign of Queen Victoria London University expanded. London University follows all Cambridge and Oxford traditions. So they decided to set up another university in London. London University also has a proud tradition of being anti-elitist – something that cannot be said of its more famous rivals.. University College. in 1827. economy and sociology. it has a much greater range of students from various ethnic and social backgrounds than the elitist universities. in Gower Street. Moreover. Bedford School for women was founded. University College was created for students of different religious beliefs. In 1900 the school became part of the University of London. It was one of the few schools which taught students politics. For instance. the Prime Minister at the time. a famous British philosopher. At the beginning London University had just two colleges. Bertrand Russell. And you won’t see those funny black flat hats and gowns being worn in London like you will in Oxbridge. 0. was founded. (……) 7. Another restriction was that only members of the Church of England could attend these universities. (……) 2. London. The anthropology department was started by Bertrand Russell. faculties and teaching. Famous British social reformers Sidney and Beatrice Webb set up the London School of Economics (LSE). (…F. The college also shocked lecturers at Oxford and Cambridge by creating departments that were unheard of before. gave all of his large family inheritance to help fund the LSE.) 1. The London School of Economics taught many new subjects. each of the colleges still kept its own internal organization. That honour goes to the University of London. King's College.Text 040 Oxford and Cambridge might be the most famous places of learning in Britain but they are not the largest. In the early 19th century Oxford and Cambridge were the only two universities in Britain. To study at Oxford one had to belong to the Church of England. Some schools were separated from London University in the 19 th century. The LSE was radical in many ways. (……) 5. However. and so was the now famous Imperial College of Science and Technology. (……) 4. a new anthropology department was set up by Polish scholar Bronisław Malinowski. (……) 6. The cost of education at these places was so high that only the sons of very rich people could go there. As a result of those limitations. However. Many of the colleges have as good a reputation for academic excellence as Oxford and Cambridge. the Archbishop of Canterbury. The University of London was created. (……) .

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to design a new machine called the Bomb. Included in the code breaking team were Peter Twin and Alan Turing. The Polish cryptographers worked together with the Allies. however. Several days later Nazi tanks crossed the Polish border. Wintherbotham published a book which revealed knowledge kept under wraps by the British Secret Service for thirty years.W. In 1932.W. Cpt Bertrand handed one machine to British spy Steward Menzies at Victoria Station. Two Enigma machines were brought to Paris and handed over to the French Intelligence. In 1932. Poles suspected that Germans had a coding machine. cryptographers. In 1939 the Polish General Staff decided to invite French and British representatives to the new intelligence centre in Pyry. (……) . They were correct. the Polish Cipher Bureau received a series of intercepted German signals that were in. The battle to uncover the secrets of Enigma became even more vital. The Nazis used a primitive computer to change the settings of Enigma. A large number of people were needed to work on the Nazi-encoded messages. (. (……) 7. They showed the guests the new Polish Enigma machines that they were developing. (……) 2. asked his most experienced code breaker Dillwyn Knox.Text 41 In the early 1970s British Army Captain F. Now. Winterbotham claimed that the code breakers were exclusively British.T. This machine was the first primitive computer ever to be invented. Captain Wintherbotham did not tell the whole truth about Enigma. (……) 6. 0. (……) 3. London. After much research. The secrets that this computer would uncover saved many lives and helped win the war. Soon the continuous deciphering of German secret messages became possible. Commander Denistone. what seemed. Wintherbotham was in the military. He wrote that the British were able to read Nazi secret radio messages encrypted on a machine called Enigma. by Polish mathematicians Marian Rajewski. the authorities at Bletchley looked for workers to operate Enigma machines. “Bomba”. mathematicians at King’s College. On th 16 of August 1939. linguists and mathematicians. unbreakable code. (……) 5. (……) 4. England. Commander Denistone helped to create a decoding team...) 1. as the Nazis frequently changed the settings of their machine to confuse the enemy. historians all over the world acknowledge that the Polish Secret Service did the initial decoding work. The base for operation was a mansion at Bletchley Park. Cambridge. In spite of breaking the Enigma secret.. Chess champions were decoding German messages. Apart from scientists. and demonstrated their inventions and ideas to the Allies. Alan Turing used his pre-war experiences and a Polish invention. they hypothesised that a machine must have produced the cipher. (Example) F. The Poles sent the model of Enigma to London.. The chief of the British Government Code and Cipher School. to form a team to beat the German code machine. improvements had to be constantly made. Its aim was to discover as quickly as possible the settings of the rotors and plugs used by the Germans on their machine. It was also explained how the machine worked and the code-breaking methods that they were using. both former chess champions. Jerzy Ró1ycki and Henryk Zygalski. Added to the team were Hugh O’Donnell Alexander and Harry Golombek.

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but reward them for acceptable behaviour. but many children come from over- controlling families where they are shouted at and criticised so often that it has no effect when used by teachers.” Bad behaviour is not limited to teenagers from bad areas. (……) 4. (……) . It is possible that more teachers will soon leave their profession. David Bell. “These children may have problems concentrating in a classroom. now one in three. “There are serious problems with boys especially. I don’t think that people understand how difficult the work of teachers is. They are. The Government plans to invest £470 million over the next three years in a new national strategy to improve behaviour and attendance at schools. Children from “good” districts can cause problems.Text 42 Pupils’ misbehaviour in the classroom is one of the most quoted problems that teachers have. (……) 3. (……) 6. There was a time when parents would come into school and asked what their child had done. then the number of teachers leaving the profession. (…T. Professor Freeman says that nothing can be done to cure the situation. Now they ask what the school has done to their child. it will be money well spent. (……) 5. but they have no problem concentrating for hours on computer games or the TV. The latest National Union of Teachers survey shows it is common in rural and middle-class suburbs as well as inner-city areas. (Example) Teachers mostly complain about students’ misbehaviour. Professor Joan Freeman. bad language. (……) 2. they expect to be entertained rather than to take part in an education process. 0. and if the problem turns into threats then the child should be given professional help.) 1. The main problem in education is the conflict between teachers and parents. The prospect of exam success does not work — it is too far away. it always brings good results. and the control of parents over their kids is weaker.” he says. “unteachable”. (……) 7. They try to control and teach these children whose parents simply can’t. for example. wrote in his latest report that there is a “hard core of pupils with no social skills” whose language is “impolite” and who have “little or no understanding of how to behave sensibly”. “Teachers need to be trained in the psychology of control — they should not exclude children from school activities.500 teachers questioned. and one on which there is often conflict between them and parents. anarchy in the classroom will only get worse. The government will do something to change the situation in schools. The sad truth is that teachers seem to have fewer and fewer options. says that teachers are not properly trained in how to deal with rude pupils. do anything with them. 80 per cent thought that standards of behaviour had gone down during their time in teaching. or won’t.. perhaps as a result of computer and television habits. Their day is a battle to keep in the classroom children who show no interest in learning. Parents behave in the same way now as in the past.” he says. he said. If the situation at schools is getting worse. They also said that even children in nursery schools are now showing levels of unacceptable actions like. dirty and offensive comments and threats. If not. will also grow. Of the 2. “Some of these children are coming through secondary school not properly house-trained. “They cannot sit still and listen and. I think that we all expect too much of teachers. Ofsted’s chief inspector. If parents control their children. If it makes teachers less frustrated by the behaviour of some pupils. and it often starts in the nursery. an educational psychologist from Middlesex University. One Leeds deputy head teacher with 30 years’ experience is in no doubt.” The influence of parents can be extremely important.

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58. as was their son Dhani. the youngest Beatle had edged into his 50s. Lennon thought that George was too young to play with them. from Led Zeppelin to Madonna. But his first release after the breakup “All Things Must Pass” was three records long and brilliant. Olivia. Harrison adds however. His wife..Text 43 By the autumn of 1995. surrounded by family and friends”. For years George lived in Lennon and McCartney’s shadow – he was sometimes described as the invisible man. “He left this world as he lived in it. It was boring for Harrison to work on ”Anthology”. In 1971. two brilliant song-writers. (……) 2. Harrison kept in touch with his fans all the time. John Lennon said that George had not done his best work yet. Harrison organized a concert for Bangladesh. Harrison’s bodyguard stopped the attacker. The family issued a statement that read. (……) 6. (……) . but he let him in the band because he knew a lot of chords. But when George Harrison was asked if retelling the band’s story for the “Anthology” had been exciting or boring. fearless of death. (……) 7. You would think that nearly losing Harrison in 1999 would have prepared us for his death two years later. he chose the first expression. His talents have developed over the years and he was working with Lennon and McCartney. has introduced Indian motifs into their music since then. As a Beatle. (Example) George Harrison was the youngest Beatle. He was famously tired of things like the Beatles. “Something” was a great hit of “the Quarry Men. that he is not really “Beatle George”. conscious of God. He had to work very hard. Harrison had to prove himself. (……) 3. He showed his love of Eastern music and religion and everybody. (……) 4. In 1999 a heroin addict broke into Harrison’s house and wanted to kill him. “It gave him a chance to learn a lot from us” – said Lennon. 0. his lungs and finally his brain. Harrison also introduced Sitar – an Indian instrument – to pop music. Harrison managed to defend himself as he grabbed the point of the knife with his hand. “I am devastated”. “Beatle George” is like a suit or shirt that he once wore on occasion. in part. According to the text. was with him. (…T. Of course it did not. He finally managed to show his real talent.” (……) 5. died of cancer on November 29 at a friend’s home in Los Angeles. but he did not realize that what Harrison wanted to learn. Harrison started a fashion for eastern music. “the Quarry Men”. He spent the last few years of his life persuading his fans not to worry about him – and to love each other – even as the disease attacked his throat. Lennon and McCartney taught Harrison everything he needed. “He was a lovely guy and very brave and had a wonderful sense of humour”. as a guitarist. and in peace. Harrison. Harrison showed all his musical gifts. After the breakup of the Beatles. said Paul McCartney after Harrison’s death. Lennon and McCartney could never teach him.) 1. Even as a Beatle. George Harrison was a 15-year-old boy in Liverpool when he joined John and Paul’s group. As a result he wrote “Something” – one of the most famous love songs in history.

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or C. B. • • • • LISTENING Part One Listen to the texts and choose the best answers A. 61 .

To study Law at a good university you need an IB score of … A. join the Foreign Students Association C. 36 3. not overworked 62 . The university staff are easy to get on with because they are … A. A British University education is good because of … D. join a university club or society 6. the British Council 2. the has continuous assessment 7. Polish students need to pay the same fees as students from … A. 34 C. the British Embassy B. Japan and America 4. for one year only 5. the University of London C. go out to local pubs B. the quality of the lectures E. To get more information about British Universities you need to contact … A. A student visa allows you to work … A. 38 B. the system of individual tutors F. part-time B. carefully chosen B. To make friends at university you are advised to … A. England and Scotland B.Listening 1 1. specially trained C. only in summer C. France and Germany C.

After World War II … A. A. 16th century B. it began to lose workers 6. some ironworks survived 7. a water canal C.Listening 2 1. you can see… A. it was still peaceful B. a new road B. Merthyr Tydfil began to develop fast in … A. the home of an ironworks’ owner . A. its people were so rich 5. it was running out of iron C. the first ever steam locomotive B. town’s citizens C. the town’s first iron works C. 18th century C. 19th century 2. In the 19th century people were impressed by Merthyr because…. If you go to Merthyr Tydfil. his boss 4. local authorities B. Trevithick's plan to build a locomotive was sponsored by … A. … was built. new branches of industry came C. it couldn’t sell its products B. To solve the transport problems. a railway 3. The town began to have difficulties because … A. the town’s population was moved B. it was so industrialised C.

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in one European country B. For their work the homeless get …. the same person runs them C. Which of the three has the largest readership? A. A magazine similar to The Big Issue is published … A. The Polish and Hungarian magazines are partners because … A. The Big Issue magazine is special because … A. something to eat C. in two European countries C. it is written by the homeless C. A. they have similar problems 7. some money B. it is too expensive . it is sold by the homeless 4. in many European countries 6. The New Statesman 3. they print the same articles B. The UK Government wants people to … A. give money to beggars B. The Observer C. buy The Big Issue from beggars 2. the homeless sell them B.Listening 3 1. The Big Issue B. give food or clothes to beggars C. somewhere to live 5. Polish companies do not want to advertise in street magazines because … A. it is about the homeless B. the sales are too low C.

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a learning experience B. the police C. at night B. a taxi driver B. they know the city so well 5. When he was attacked. The speaker says driving a cab is … A. a written exam B. At the moment getting a license takes … A. an oral exam C. a well-paid job C. Taxi drivers are hired by detective agencies because … A. the taxi driver followed the driver in the taxi C. they drive very fast B. three years 3.Listening 4 1. The first part of the exam is … A. in shifts . He works … A. the woman detective followed the driver on foot B. After the Range Rover stopped. a year and a half C. the taxi driver took the driver to his destination 6. a driving exam 2. he was helped by … A. two years B. during the day C. passers-by 7. there are so many of them C. … A. a chance to make friends 4.

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stays in one country for a long time B. Michael Connor thinks that journalists … A. settle down in Ireland C. don’t want to take any risks 6. never go back to Latin America B. a Mexican spy in Cuba C. The story he recently did was about … A. travels between Ireland and the country he is writing about 3. Michael Connor usually … A. flying a military helicopter B.Listening 5 1. In Colombia he was … A. are heroic and brave C. live in Ireland and visit Latin America . Michael Connor works for … A. sees many different countries during one journey C. the radio C. only stories about politics B. both press and radio 2. The speaker writes … A. human rights in Latin America 7. about various topics 4. Michael Connor intends to … A. the Cuban security apparatus B. the press B. shot at by gangsters 5. only about cultural events C. exaggerate some of their stories B. living in a refugee camp C.

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one of many student societies B. receive grants from the government B. have a long night’s sleep 4. shock you at parties 3. To pay for food and fees British students … A. get university scholarships C. a final student party C. take exams B. start social lives 2. make an impression on others C. allow students to enjoy themselves C. enjoy being with young people . a time to see different societies 5. become your real friends B. People you meet in the first week will … A. The speaker says the most useful opportunity at Freshers’ Fair is … A. think parents should control students B. to find out about others’ political opinions 6. Freshers’ Week is the time when new students … A. Some students leave parties early because they want to … A. to meet good-looking people C. not be your friends later C. have to find employment 7.Listening 6 1. to join a students’ society B. start courses C. arrange their new rooms B. Adults … A. The Freshers’ Fair is … A.

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the animals became restless 7. didn’t lose things 4. stopped being careless C. she was beautiful B. science 2. stop the problems on the farm C. found things quickly B. superstitions C. After sprinkling water in the main room … A. Once. a plate was dropped C. After his marriage. she understood him well C. He married Olga because … A. After what happened in the farmhouse … A. Dmitri believes in … A. when Olga was washing dishes … A. a cup was broken B. the mice and rats ran away B. Dmitri never found out what Olga had done . Dmitri … A. the animals got better C. give a present to the farm owner B. magic B. Olga told Dmitri what she had done B. a cup was saved 5. she made him do it 3. Dmitri discovered Olga’s method C. help her to prepare some food 6.Listening 7 1. Olga gathered herbs in order to … A.

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Glenfinnan C.. When he was 16. once B. In the beginning the speaker advises … A. it was less difficult B.. A. Spring C. it was too difficult 5. A. August B. What did the speaker most remember about the Isle of Skye? A.. its friendly people 7. the weather was bad C. they had no time B. They didn’t climb Ben Nevis because . A. twice C. they didn’t want to lose their way C.. Fort William B. A. They took a straight road because … A. crowds of hikers B. Culloden 6. avoiding Scotland in spring C. Autumn 3.Listening 8 1.. The speaker has visited Scotland. how much it rains C. more than twice . visiting Scotland on bike B... they had travelled it before 4. keeping off the main roads 2. The statue of Bonnie Prince Charlie is in .. the speaker visited Scotland in .

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he was sent for tests C. at the start of the New Year 2. he was shown his X-ray 3..Listening 9 1. A.. In a sense. A.. Mick knew what his unit was doing in Iraq because he … A. Mick thinks Chemotherapy . a third of all people can get cancer C. A. Mick’s health problems started . his friends didn’t know how to speak to him C. was fully responsible for his recovery B. he noticed a lump in his neck B. Mick knew he had cancer when . Mick was surprised because … A. feels like eating and drinking too much 5. pollutes the environment too much C.. cancer is curable if it is discovered early B. Mick has started a campaign to inform people that … A. his morale remained so high B.. he didn’t have to go to war in Iraq 4. heard stories in the soldiers’ club . before Christmas C. A. saw them on television C. different cancers attack at different ages 7. he learnt what was wrong with him C. on Christmas Eve B. used army communications B... Mick welcomed the bad news because . During his recovery. he thought it would be worse B. a large number of people visited him 6..

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Listening 10

1. The class reunion took place ...
A. two months ago
B. last week
C. last month
2. At the reunion there were ...
A. twelve people
B. twenty people
C. six people
3. The reunion took place in London because …
A. one of the friends was in hospital there
B. they studied there
C. it was easier for the organisers
4. In the evening, the friends ...
A. drank beer in a flat
B. went to a pub
C. went to a disco
5. Peter spent the night ...
A. at a hotel
B. at a hostel
C. at a friend’s flat
6. Peter came to London by ...
A. train
B. car
C. bus
7. On the day of the reunion it was …
A. raining
B. nice but cold
C. snowing

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Listening 11

1. The real reason why the Cashins left Ireland was …
A. that Tom got a job in Germany
B. so their children could learn languages
C. that they wanted new experiences
2. They left Germany after four years because …
A. Tom lost his job
B. they had no friends there
C. their children spoke German well
3. They almost didn’t buy the hotel because …
A. they didn’t have enough money
B. a friend advised them not to
C. they misunderstood the price

Listening 12

1. The couple didn’t want to leave the window open because …
A. it was getting cold
B. they feared mosquitoes
C. somebody might get in
2. The woman didn’t scream because …
A. she had throat problems
B. she saw her husband
C. she was scared to death

Listening 13

1. On her hike in Wyoming, Sarah …
A. was attacked by a bear
B. fell sick
C. broke her leg
2. Harrison Ford was able to help Sarah because …
A. he had medical training
B. he owned and flew a helicopter
C. he had his mobile phone with him

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talks about gardens C. met his future wife there Listening 15 1. According to Ben. didn’t want to go to Paraguay 4. had been to Ecuador at school B. the environment 3. the biggest problem in Tibet is … A. His first interest at school was … A. professionals 2.Listening 14 1. learned his job B. people have lost their spirit C. decided to stay there C. English Lessons B. stories about America 5. wrote a report on Ecuador and loved it C. their old culture is disappearing 2. students B. The Amigos de las Americas program is for … A. alcoholism has become a problem B. The local people really liked his … A. people can’t speak their own language C. This visit to Ecuador changed his life. animals B. medicine C. The speaker chose Ecuador because he … A. because he … A. political fighting B. The worst effect of the occupation according to the speaker is … A. people are learning Chinese . doctors C.

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were near a service station B. grew oranges B.. he had found work there 4. Brunei Airlines 2.. Australian Airlines C.. you can touch exhibits there 3. years old. there were no job offers 3. A.. got help quickly Listening 17 1. The man traveled with .. A. he got a lift there B. A.. he couldn’t drive there C. A. British Airlines B. somebody advised him to C.. The man decided to travel to Queensland because .. 10 000 C.. Luckily. He didn’t work in Darwin because . The Page Museum is special because . 40 000 . A..Listening 16 1. 9 000 B... Page’s first company . he wasn’t experienced B. A. The skeleton of a woman is . you can see preparation for exhibits B.. A. it has been designed for children C.. when the car broke down. got a lift with Danish girls C. distributed fruit C. the men . posted mail 2.

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• • • • LISTENING Part Two Listen to the texts and complete the questions by putting short phrases into the boxes. 75 .

Listening 18 (1) Original departure time: (2) Reason for delay at Warsaw Airport: (3) Time spent waiting for the new ticket: (4) Food available at the bar: (5) Frank finally landed at: (6) Number of pieces of luggage lost: Listening 19 (1) Date of accident: (2) Time of accident: (3) Speed of motorcycle: (4) Exact place of accident: (5) Ford’s registration number: (6) Injuries: .

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Listening 20 (1) Time of arrest: (2) Weather that morning: (3) Place of arrest: (4) Number of people arrested: (5) Reason for illegal entry into Poland: (6) Possible penalty: Listening 21 (1) Name of Yacht: (2) Sea conditions at time of accident: (3) The time of accident: (4) Number of people on boat: (5) Boat’s geographical position of sinking: (6) Price of Boat: .

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Listening 22 (1) People involved: (2) Time of accident: (3) Place of accident: (4) Cause of accident: (5) Injuries: (6) Damages: Listening 23 (1) Place of accident: (2) Time of accident: (3) The policeman was standing: (4) Cause of the accident: (5) Description and type of the offending vehicle: (6) Policeman’s injuries: .

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Listening 24 (1) Time of Accident: (2) Place of Accident: (3) Cause of Accident: (4) People Involved: (5) Damage: (6) Injuries: Listening 25 (1) Place of Fight: (2) Time of Fight: (3) Injuries: (4) Items Stolen: (5) Value of Stolen Items: (6) Attackers: M / F Dress Age Height .

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if you want to say ‘yes’ you (do what?): (2) If people in Japan want to say ‘no’ they say: (3) If you liked the meal in Guatemala you should: (4) The ‘OK’ gesture is offensive in: (5) In Turkey. it is offensive to show the soles of your shoes because: (6) If you turn a glass upside down in an Australian pub it means that: .Listening 26 (1) The speaker is talking to: (2) The flight number was: (3) The flight was diverted because: (4) The crash happened in: (5) The speaker’s seat was: (6) The first to arrive on the scene of the accident were: Listening 27 (1) In Greece.

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Listening 28

(1) Reported missing (time):

(2) Unusual feature:

(3) Clothes:

(4) Last seen in:

(5) Contact the police on:

(6) Exact meeting place for the search party:

Listening 29

(1) Time of explosion:

(2) Number of injured:

(3) Cause of explosion:

(4) Damage to: the whole restaurant and …

(5) Motive for the explosion:

(6) People arrested (who?):

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Listening 30

(1) Length of fire brigade action:

(2) Number of injured factory workers:

(3) Cause of fire:

(4) Where the fire started (exactly):

(5) Estimated damage:

(6) Date of final report:

Listening 31

(1) Place of Attack:

(2) Number of people hurt:

(3) Incident Reported to:

(4) Who was stopped by the police?

(5) Apart from drugs they had some:

(6) What are the police doing now?

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Listening 32 (1) The length of stay of Irish soldiers in Iraq: (2) The soldiers are settled in (where?): (3) The patrols are done (how often?): (4) Number of weapons handed over: (5) The soldiers helped reopen (what?): (6) The search operation was a success because: .

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• • • • LISTENING Part Tree Listen to the texts and answer the questions by putting either T (for True) or F (for False) inside the bracket. 85 .

The law can be changed. (……) 2.Listening 33 0. (……) Listening 34 0. (…T…) 1. Cornelius slept in a different bedroom every night. All stories about Wilkes are true. (Example) Everybody agrees with the new law. Cornelius’s parents were rich. Cornelius lost his popularity. Paula Fisher was once a criminal. (……) 6. (……) 2. (……) . (……) 4. Some people think the rules are not well written. (……) 3. (……) 5. (……) 7. (Example) Cornelius Wilkes died in Northwood Hall. You can still see the skeleton of Cornelius. If minor criminals have changed. (……) 4. (……) 6. (…F…) 1. A newspaper did a report on attacks on nurses. (……) 7. (……) 3. they may be allowed to work. Cornelius was shot by his friends. At the moment Northwood Hall is uninhabited. Many of Sam Clerk’s employees used to take drugs. (……) 5. The law only affects those working directly with patients.

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. (Example) The earthquake happened when Sue was 17. a journalist has to use his imagination. Sue doesn’t think she will be in another earthquake. (……) 7. A journalist finds a good story by talking with the public.Listening 35 0. (……) 3. To make an interview look interesting. Right after the earthquake Sue managed to phone some of her friends. (……) 4. Poor pictures can be improved with voice-overs. (……) . (……) 2.. (……) 4. It is important for a journalist to know how long the piece will be on TV. Sue’s parents found out about the earthquake from her aunt. (……) 6. (…T. (……) 3. Sue lived close to where many people died. (Example) The production of TV programmes is a complex process.) 1. (……) 2. Before a television programme starts. (……) 7. (……) 5. (……) 6. On the night of the earthquake Sue was alone. On TV people speak with frequent pauses. the studio is very noisy. (……) Listening 36 0. (……) 5. Bodies of victims were well cared for. The research part of making a television programme is exciting. (…T…) 1. Sue lived with a family friend until her parents came back.

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Hearing the instructions for other planes can be helpful. (… T…) 1. Only English is used in air-traffic control. (……) 7.Listening 37 0. The mother couldn't rescue her daughter. The man's leg had to be cut off. (……) 5. The girl was left alone by the river bank. The pilot thought that God looked after him. (……) 6. The man was injured when hunting for hippos. (……) 2. (……) 3. (……) 6. During peak-holiday periods more controllers are hired. (……) 2. (Example) The mission was placed in Zambia. (……) . the number of near-misses is growing. (Example) A near-miss is when planes nearly crash into each other. (……) 4. (……) 3. Despite improved technology. Each air-traffic controller watches over one section of the sky. Bob Taylor is an air-traffic controller. A language problem caused last week’s near-miss. (……) Listening 38 0. (……) 4. (……) 7. (…T…) 1. (……) 5. The plane didn’t take off because it was too heavy. The injured man got to the Mission on foot.

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Amelia published her memories of her first trans-Atlantic flight. The survivors were rescued just after the boat was damaged. (……) 3. (……) 7. Amelia was interested in flying during her childhood. (…T…) 1. The passengers were allowed to take only food and water. (Example) Maria decided to leave her country.Listening 39 0. Amelia was the second person to fly across the Atlantic alone. (……) 4. (……) 5. The smugglers knew the route. (……) 6. All the survivors were released after 48 hours. (……) 4. Amelia’s plane stopped at New Guinea. (Example) Amelia was American. (…T…) 1. (……) 2. Amelia took her first flight during the First World War. (……) Listening 40 0. “Canary” was a gift from her family. (……) 7. (……) 5. (……) . (……) 3. A man pulled Maria and her son from the water. (……) 6. The passengers were aware of the danger. $4 million was spent on the rescue search for Amelia. Maria paid $5000 to a smuggler. (……) 2.

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the majority of best men are single. (……) . (……) 2. In the past. (…T…) 1. The best man is responsible for getting a photographer.Listening 41 0. The best man’s speech ends before food is served. (Example) The film “Four Weddings And A Funeral” is a comedy. the best man is a close relative of the groom. (……) 3. men got married at a younger age. The bride helps the groom to choose the best man. There are three speeches at the reception. (……) 5. Nowadays. (……) 7. (……) 4. (……) 6. As a rule.

Thomas Edison first tested the invention on himself. (. Using lasers to remove tattoos is painless. (Example) The programme you are listening to is about body art. (……) 4.Listening 42 0. (……) 3.. Celtic tattoo motifs often show images of nature. (……) 6. The word ‘tattoo’ means ‘to paint’. (……) 7. The number of illegal studios has become smaller. There are three surfaces of the human body that can’t be tattooed. Frederick IX and George V wore a similar tattoo. (……) 2.T…) 1. (……) 5. (……) .

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like tea. The daughter was 3 years old. you wear a bathing suit. The girl’s mother had a lover. (……) 5.Listening 43 1. (……) 2. (……) Listening 44 1. There is one big bath for many people. (……) 2. When you are in the dressing room the attendant can see you undressing. When you enter a Japanese public bath. Sometimes. (……) 7. (……) 3. Traditionally. When bathing. Professor Brown works in London. (……) 6. (……) 6. Public baths in Japan cost a lot of money. The man didn’t want to see the child any more. the bath was a place where people could do informal business. (……) 7. (……) 3. (……) 5. (……) 4. The professor is advising fathers to have paternity tests. you first pay the entrance fee. after their bath. people drink something. (……) 4. The professor thinks paternity testes will be done routinely. The girl needed a heart transplant. (……) .

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• • • • SCRIPTS FOR LISTENING .

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That’s marking based on these essays. how do you overcome the problem of money? Well. as a Polish person you can’t get a grant from the British government and you will find it hard to get a loan. The quality of the lectures in other countries may be the same or even better. especially in the first year. your student visa allows you to take a part time job. for sciences it could be 36. British Universities have a reputation for being very good. but can everybody afford to? What are the fees you have to pay? Well. so its not a good place to try. Now. What you need to do is to contact The British Council. Merthyr is a place closely connected with the history of the Industrial Revolution. anyone with the correct score has the right to study in Britain. very easy to get on with. universities can’t choose exactly who they want. They have lots of information about all British Universities. a very interesting question and I’m sure it’s one that many of our listeners out there would also like to hear the answer to. Jolanta. though they will be polite. It’s true that Wales has many much more attractive places to visit. And what is academic life like? Well. very friendly. very relaxed. the radio programme that tries to give answers to listeners’ questions. So. Each student gets their own personal tutor to help them plan their work and there’s an individual tutor for each subject so you can discuss your essays with him or her. You have enough money to survive. people from countries within the European Union. Something else you need to think about are the academic qualifications – the qualifications you need to be accepted at a British University. For humanities it will be 34. overseas fees are much higher than home-student fees. Everyone else. but the name of the town is known to most British people. The first question we have today comes from Jolanta Wojcieszek. and essays are important. What will life be like there? Well. Most universities today have continuous assessment of their students. The first ironworks was set up in a wooded valley near the town in the sixteenth century. even though they are very busy. Now. Well. I see. Lots of parties and a good education as well. so the only thing left to do is to get a job. they don’t keep a lot of information on higher education. Jolanta. So. about all the courses. a listener from Poland who wants to know how to get into a British university and what life might be like when she gets there. That sort of thing. such as law. They see other students going out to pubs or joining clubs and societies. You may think that the British Embassy would be a good place to go. However. The IB score that you need depends on the subject you wish to study. Oh. Hilde Braun from Germany asks. I hope we’ve managed to answer some of you questions about British universities. Well. you’ll find them easy to get on with. you’ve managed to get into university. It was then that coke-fired furnaces. some foreign students have taken the International Baccalaureate – the IB – school leaving exam. The history of Merthyr Tydfil is the history of iron. Well. But for very popular subjects. Jolanta. you need to find out some information about British universities . Fees for home students – students from the United Kingdom – and fees for overseas students.Part One Listening 1 Good morning and welcome to Your Questions Answered. For example. that depends on which country you are applying from. it’s as high as 38. what about the rest of the University Staff? Well. so you will pay the overseas fees. specially heated ovens in . “Can I…?” Listening 2 Thirty kilometres north of Cardiff there’s a town called Merthyr Tydfil. But what makes a British university education especially good is the system of individual tutors that they have. the solution to this problem is to join the Foreign Students’ Association. So. what fees they charge. all staff do receive special training so they know how to work with foreign students. many foreign students find it difficult to make friends. as I said before. Many foreign students also take summer jobs. that’s the tutors. First of all. So. So. but you must remember that during the last year of the university you’ll want to spend a lot of time in the library. not just on the exams at the end of the course. And unfortunately. There are two types of fees. will pay overseas- student fees. But it wasn’t until the middle of the eighteenth century that the town began to grow like no other had done before.what courses they offer. but they don’t know the customs and quite often there is nobody else from their country at the university. Every university has one. all the different fees. Working part time can help you pay for your course. pay home-student fees. Because it’s hard to recruit staff. I’m sure that if you do get to one you’ll have a great time there. though this is illegal. such as France or Germany. for example students from Japan and America. Now on to our second question of the programme. university staff are. However. that you’re from Poland. Fortunately.

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But suppose you’re in London and you come face to face with one of the many beggars living rough. and part goes to The Big Issue foundation – a charity which helps the homeless. the nearest port. became the largest in the world. At the beginning of the nineteenth century. Merthyr Tydfil's location was perfect for this new method of iron production. . Merthyr Tydfil thrived. Britain began to import iron from abroad. Now it houses a display of the town's history. It carried ten tons of coal and seventy passengers at a speed of eight kilometres per hour and was the very first steam locomotive to run on rails! The nineteenth century was the 'railway era'. Visiting Merthyr Tydfil is essential for railway enthusiasts. Here in London you’ll see dozens of people hanging around railway stations for example. which gave a huge boost to the town's prosperity. four huge ironworks in one town would be impressive. What do you do? Well you can buy a magazine from him or her. They get identity cards. does not even have one iron or steel works. Just don’t give money. you’re giving money to help the homeless and you can have a good read at the same time. But Merthyr Tydfil is not only famous for iron production. During this time of growth four ironworks were built in the town and business prospered. the former iron capital of the world. At that time. They come from all over the world to walk at least part of the route which was taken by the first-ever locomotive. Dowlais Ironworks. So.000 workers.000 copies week. Fortunately. it’s actually sold by the homeless themselves. Just drug addicts. and many people had begun to beg for money on the streets. smoke darkened skies and ugly houses. One place particularly worth visiting is Cyfarthfa Castle – a grand gothic mansion set in a spectacular park. Merthyr had become the largest city in Wales. and there was a great demand for iron. But visitors can still discover the fascinating story of how the town contributed to the Industrial Revolution. Run for the homeless.which iron is melted at very high temperatures. World War II changed that. They say they’re homeless and hungry. once a sleepy village. This was a town of harsh work in difficult conditions. with 10. They were also exported to America. the number of homeless was growing fast. The magazine was published first in 1991. the developing businesses were able to raise money to build a canal. it won a Magazine of the Year award. It’s called The Big Issue. That’s the Government’s advice. Even by today's standards. were introduced. producing rails that were used all over Britain. Merthyr Tydfil. It was cheaper and of better quality. By the 1830s. What makes The Big Issue more than just a well-written magazine? Well. In 1993. This means that over a million people read the magazine. An economic depression came to the town and it was hit hard. but the Government say that many of them are not homeless at all. At first. began to experiment with steam engines. Richard Trevithick. had grown into the world's centre of iron production. But for the workers of the town life was harder. In the 1930s there were even plans to abandon the town altogether. one of Trevithick's creations – a steam locomotive – completed a fifteen-kilometre journey. Its ironworks were able to pay high wages. There was a lot of water form the local river and a lot of excellent building material in the form of local stone. Part of the profit from these sales is reinvested into the magazine. The situation got worse during the early years of the twentieth century. The Big Issue has been a success in many ways. remember Merthyr Tydfil. This made the transport of goods much cheaper and quicker. The valley was not only rich in iron ore. iron was transported from Merthyr Tydfil by road to Cardiff. and after the war the government decided to bring new industries to Merthyr. the British government has been asking us to refuse. During the second half of the nineteenth century more iron was produced than could be sold and the price of iron fell dramatically. For the owners of the factories it was a time of great wealth and high living. Unemployment reached nearly sixty per cent. if you really feel sorry for people who are really homeless. and today it sells 270. The authorities wanted to move the population to places where they could find work. Next time you visit Wales. It’s a town that has shaped the history of the modern world. a young Cornish engineer. Listening 3 Do you give money to beggars in the street? Recently. It’s a weekly magazine. you can give food. But soon the roads became hopelessly overcrowded with traffic. It was built in the nineteenth century as the family home of one of the owners of Cyfarthfa Ironworks. which attracted many new workers. you can give clothes. They arrived in their thousands. Most signs of its past prosperity are gone. The town started to gain international fame. Russia and India. but also in coal. Today Merthyr Tydfil. He wanted to use the power of steam to transport finished iron products. but in the nineteenth century nobody had seen industrial development on such a scale. When you buy it. and on 21 February 1804. Many better-known weeklies such as The Observer or The New Statesman would be happy to have this number of readers. Germany. his employer supported him. But the boom couldn't last forever. Though many people thought Trevithick’s ideas wouldn’t work.

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what not to do to be a successful seller. When I did it. Most companies say they like the design and they like the articles. journalists have followed its example. and they get training. and they just did nothing. But I do work during the day sometimes. there are twenty two thousand of us. The woman detective got a bit excited by this. But at night. And there is a difference between the two shifts. giving the rest back. Kenderssy Attilla. I actually enjoy the job. I like talking to the people I get in the cab. when you think you’ve got the knowledge. what happens is you go up to an office to take the first part of a test to get the license. and so they get to feel better about themselves. Is that a proper wage? Well. the Big Issue has arrived in Poland as well. They get money in return for a service. he suddenly stopped. Another problem is that most of the money the magazine earns comes from advertising. For example. jumped out and scared him off. that’s not everything. for a start. Well.000 per issue. it takes three years. We don’t do a hundred mile an hour car chases. religion. '”Quick!” she shouted. “How do you get from A to B?” and what you’ve got to do is tell them how to get between these two points in a very direct line. Why do they choose taxi drivers? Well. a taxi was just passing. There’s a second part. I was working with this woman private detective. even philosophy – just as if we were friends. . it worked out quite well. and I gave the name and address to the detective agency and obviously they gave the pictures and everything to his wife. we were following him for ages and he was driving around and around in circles. There were all these people standing around. At present. Now. we’re not like James Bond. But so far not many firms have wanted to advertise their products in the magazine. You follow him in the taxi. in all weathers. They learn what to do. sick. The diver stopped. and was just about to follow him. which is a driving test. from start to finish. You go up there and. Listening 4 So. the street-sellers say the price – 3 zloty – is simply too high. it’s certainly enough to buy something to eat. yeah. following a husband because we thought he was going to meet his lover. Things aren’t always fun in a taxi. they ask you five or six questions like. “he's getting out. there can be some scary moments as well. almost of by heart. That’s because they’re printed in the same place and run by the same person. the number of copies printed is 10. there are quiet days when you don’t earn much money. Why so? Well. and people in difficulties. but money isn’t everything. They’d be happy to advertise in it if it was sold by somebody else. under a title which translates as We The Giants. But he also says that they’re not as high as in Great Britain. Well. I remember. During the day. I was just helping this passenger with his bags. what’s more. He went to his girlfriend. He is happy with the numbers that have been sold so far. In Poland. They just don’t want their products associated with the homeless.their own place to stand and sell the magazine. Now. There wasn’t a policeman in sight either. take them through all the streets. you’ve got to learn how to handle the customers. from La Rue in Paris to The Depths in St Petersburg. To be honest. And it was a busy street. you have to do the knowledge. I’ll tell you about one case I was on. which is getting to know all of London. what’s my work like now? Well. Basically what it is. Anyway. And I learn. is you've got to learn every road in London. The Polish version of The Big Issue has a lot in common with the one sold in Hungary. The magazine went on sale in Poland’s main cities last autumn. most scary things happen at night. when I do most of my work. Oh. The success of The Big Issue hasn’t passed unnoticed. You have to do some very special maneuvers and. you want to know how I became a taxi driver. as she got out of the taxi. Businessmen and tourists mostly. He was driving this brand new Range Rover. when he threatened me with a knife and demanded all my money. well it was maybe 10 years ago. homeless people go out and sell their magazine on the streets. we are quite often hired by private detective agencies. It’s great. And we talk about everything: politics. They don’t have to beg. And now. So. I think I've learnt far more from driving a taxi than I ever did at school. Anyway. Well. though I did it in a year and half. really nice car. things are quite safe. Well. They keep 60 pence in every pound they take.” Well. After all. one day we were in the taxi. and a lot of interesting things happen when you’re driving a taxi. distributed by MONAR. an organisation to help the poor. In dozens of cities. and I'll follow him on foot. Luckily. he turned around and got into the taxi. after you’ve filled in a form. but when a bloke is driving around London he doesn’t expect to be followed by a taxi. usually took two years. We The Giants is much less popular than its British version. Nowadays. We were both really surprised. to cut a long story short. you can find seventeen similar titles throughout Europe. In other European countries. you get some really strange characters. Well. the whole business of getting the license.

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after you’ve discovered where you’re going to live. For others it’s the most wonderful week in their lives. It’s just too dangerous. One of the good things about my job – well. I did a degree in Spanish and I’ve always been interested in that part of the world. but they’re not your real friends and they never will be. It was a big story. and they wanted to kill him. there are good things about the job. write another story. the Dominican Republic and Cuba. singers. what sort of things do I write about? Well. Well. You may think that we compete against each other to get the best stories. swooped down and started firing at the people in the camp. But we also spend a lot of time in the same hotels and bars and. that sort of thing. I’ve been asked to talk to you about my job. how they are always taking risks. or else you will look like a looser. But. out to another country. Journalists always like to make stories sound bigger than they are. I’m a foreign journalist. The year before that. the old journalist bug comes back again. I think its good anyway – is that I have to travel a lot. So. That article was put on the front page of the Irish Times. Well. And I have such good friends in Dublin that I think I should stay here forever. one . As the months go by. they party. Well. Others think it’s better to leave very early. They’re the people to go to those first parties with. Everybody will notice you leaving. They have their place in university. For many teenagers who are away from home for the first time this can be quite a disturbing experience. I’m really proud of that. Well. This suggests that you’ve got more interesting places to go to. I managed to interview him as soon as he arrived in the country. Well. I’ve been to Mexico. And he told me he could name people who were on death lists – human rights people were really interested in that. Well. I don’t like spending too much time in one country. He started to tell me about how the Cuban Intelligence service operates. write the story. we spend a lot of time drinking together. disguises. Freshers are first-year students. Out to a country. and I want to be off hunting another story. Well. after a while. strolling home as the sun comes up. writers. I’m a freelance. I sometimes get articles published in the Irish Times and I do some radio work. You may not know anyone there. we do. The wonderful thing about student parties is that it doesn’t really matter who you go with. It’s Freshers’ Week. I don’t believe half what they say. I’m always on planes. But you have to be seen with somebody. politics or economics or things like that. you meet some people and you call them friends. I’ll tell you about the last story I wrote. Time to relax. back again. whatever and hear their stories. They would never see me. when suddenly this military helicopter came out of nowhere. back to Dublin. because you’ll almost certainly leave with somebody else. and they’ll wonder where you’re going. especially when it also means moving to a new town. you may spend the rest of the evening alone arranging furniture in your new room. My name is Michael Connor. brief interviews on developing situations in foreign countries. I remember when I was in Colombia I was interviewing a farmer there. And it can be quite a dangerous job too. If you don’t. everything. dancers. when suddenly I heard these shots and I realised they were aimed at me. The attack only lasted a few minutes but they were the longest minutes of in my life. This approach is more effective if you really do have somewhere else to go to. and Freshers’ Week is designed to allow new students to meet each other and start their new social life. In the past year. Aside from the parties. And then there was another time in Guatemala. what do I intend to do in the future. which means I work independently. He told me about safe houses they use.Listening 5 Good morning. One of the best is the friendships you make with other journalists. Listening 6 For British students starting university the first week of October is the time when they don’t study. one of the most important I’ve covered. the first task is to make some friends. I was in Haiti. Central America and Colombia. I end up writing about all sorts of things. The army was fighting a really nasty war there. Well. And most journalists can tell a good story. Of course. He was growing poppies for the cocaine trade. Bullets were flying past my ear. always about themselves and always about how heroic and brave they are. you will be shocked that you ever allowed yourself to be seen with these people. every time I get back from Latin America I say to myself I’ll never go there again. I don’t really like to stick to one topic. A member of the Cuban intelligence service escaped to Mexico. Starting a new college or university is not easy. false identities. I was lucky to escape that one. I ran for cover. quite naturally. Exams are behind them. The farmer had got into trouble with some local gangsters. I was in this refugee camp. The only question is when? Some people like to be the last to leave. so it seemed natural to want to write about it. I think I’ll just carry on with what I’m doing now. I work mainly in Latin America. I like to meet interesting people. It’s a good thing I’ve got no wife and family.

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All those sounds moved from the walls to the ceiling and then suddenly stopped. And adults allow you to behave in ways your parents have never permitted. Dmitri really wanted to know how his wife had done this. Unfortunately. in October. He is a well-educated man. there’s still money in your pocket. Today’s “Strange Experiences” concern a Russian man called Dmitri Jaszczenko and his rather unusual wife. In fact he graduated from all three of Russia’s leading universities and has three different scientific degrees. “Let them enjoy themselves while they’re young”. Why was this? One day. Now. No. Just small things like keys or pens. when you’re successful and middle-aged you remember that your student days were wonderful. Some of them are devoted to very strange things such as cheese eating or juggling. An instant later Dimitri could hear a loud squeaking sound as if there were hundreds of mice or insects all running away from the corner. He first met Olga at a party. How did this happen? All he had to do was just think of the thing that he had lost and he would immediately know where it was. They were staying on a local farm. After that. each society chooses its prettiest girls and best-looking men to sit at a desk and chat to everyone. The cows started eating and giving milk. Dimtri and Olga were there on holiday. He was attracted by her good looks. he discovered something interesting. Every imaginable interest. to attract new members. club and organization in the university. You see. Olga. These were strange things indeed. It was after their marriage that his wife explained how this happened. It is this scientific training that has made him sceptical. having joined. The horse became ill and could no longer pull the cart. And so. He couldn’t understand it. he had always been careless and was always losing things. She told him she had put a love potion – a special magic mixture – in his drink that would make him marry her. it slipped and fell to the ground. When she had a large bunch of herbs she went back to the farmhouse where she and Dimtri were staying. The horse walked well again and pulled the cart. However. even though Dmitri had sworn he would always remain a bachelor. They soon got talking and he found her conversation very entertaining. After this. Listening 7 Good morning and welcome to our programme.of the main events for new students in Britain during the first week is Freshers’ Fair. So. The cows stopped eating and no longer gave milk. That doesn’t start until three weeks before the exams. It was very soon after the marriage that Dmitri noticed some strange differences in his life. the fair gives you a chance to meet nice-looking people. It was almost like reading her mind. although he did not see anything. I mean real paid work in restaurants. however. you do enjoy yourself. and there are no essays to be written. more and more students have to do paid work just to feed themselves. of course. and during their visit the farm had some terrible problems. She was washing the dishes. Most usefully. And anybody can join. she sprinkled some of the water in a corner of the main room. Dimitri is not the kind of person who would believe in magic or the supernatural. Dimitri heard the same sounds. it’s time to start thinking about work. the farm’s problems stopped immediately. turned over slowly and gently landed on the floor. as October drags on. just like a leaf falling to earth. Though his believes were challenged when he met his future wife. Not academic work. He only believes in things that can be proved by the real world. and all the dogs were peaceful once more. Olga decided to do something about this. “They’re students” adults say. he seemed to find them again in just a few minutes. It stopped falling. after his marriage. and the floor was made of hard stone. There was not a crack. After all. Just before the cup reached the floor she caught it with her eyes. He knew what she was going to say before she said it. However. Stopping Dmitri from losing things was not the only special gift Olga had. Olga was in the kitchen. Though. blonde-haired and blue-eyed. political opinion or sport has its own society. supermarkets or anywhere else that will employ somebody with no experience and no skills whatsoever. most members never go to a single meeting. But nothing was as strange as the events that happened in a village in Belarus. “Strange Experiences”. They met several times after that and soon they were married. And he always spent hours finding them. boiled them in water and whispered some strange words over them. Olga never broke anything. You are surrounded by a mass of excited young people like yourself looking for entertainment. bars. For most of their university life. Dmitri found out the answer. getting married very much surprised him. And years later. She went around the village gathering different types of herbs. And most wonderful of all were those very first days in early October. She was slim. he was a . he had had no choice in the matter. But those serious things come later. The farm dogs seemed nervous and barked all night. Before marriage. Olga sprinkled water in the other corner of the house and every time the water touched the walls. In fact. Not even a plate. He is not superstitious at all. As she was putting a wet cup onto the draining board. It gives students a chance to meet members of every society. Unbelievable. though he still lost things.

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but we didn't because it was raining. But that wasn’t true. too. The weather may sound threatening. we had a marvellous time nonetheless. my feet sank into the mud. That would have scared most people. So. He read about animal illnesses. but he says he still feels her near him. But the weather isn't always so bad. Listening 9 And welcome back to Forces Radio. Mick was busy doing Christmas shopping and getting ready to celebrate the festive season. We began our journey as Bonnie Prince Charlie had done at the Culloden battlefield. We also took a straight course along the roads. but found nothing unusual. Scotland can be one of the most beautiful and fascinating of travel destinations. to the town of Fort William. He had just spent that November and December preparing with his mates for possible conflict in Iraq. The Cuillin Mountains are particularly popular with hikers and climbers. It's not actually such a high mountain. And it was good I brought my raincoat. if you don’t mind the weather. or so that was what Mick thought. It was then he went to the doctor and was told he had pneumonia. But Mick never got to go with his mates to Iraq. It would have scared me. He did some experiments on what was left of the special water his wife had used. There is a famous statue of Bonnie Prince Charlie here. We brought our bicycles for this. He was feeling great and raring to go. Last Christmas. because this was the place where he actually arrived in Scotland and started the war against the English that ended at Culloden. and the fog and the mountains together can really set off your imagination. when he had breathing difficulties. Listening 8 If you're not afraid of the weather. now a museum. we turned west and soon came to the lovely village of Glenfinnan on the edge of a loch. and her favourite flowers keep growing. Fit men in their mid-thirties don’t get cancer. Scotland does have more than its fair share of sea and sand. but she didn’t answer. He misses her a great deal. His clothes seem to tidy themselves up. and Dmitri is a widower. it's just a little short on the sun. At Fort William. Army Air Corps at Wattisham. He was given medication but he didn’t get any better. and we wanted to climb it. Olga died a few years ago now. on the way. He never did find out how she managed to cure all the animals. But it didn’t frighten . when he escaped from the English in 1746. Our personal story today concerns Warrant Officer Mick Fraser who serves with Three Regiment. The wonderful landscape and rich history could keep a holidaymaker happy for months. but not in the way that most soldiers are heroes. and because it's not a vast country you can get around quite a lot of it by bike in a couple of weeks. A friend of mine and I did just that at the age of sixteen. and I can tell you that Warrant Officer Mick Fraser is a real hero. We stayed in campsites or youth hostels. Scottish roads are reasonably free of traffic.apparently the weather's generally better in spring and early summer. The doctors informed Mick he had cancer by showing him the X-ray of his chest. Bonnie Prince Charlie. The results showed he had cancer. we visited the Island of Skye. Ben Nevis. even if he forgets to water them. but it's very suited to the dramatic scenery. Whenever I walked off the road. so long as he or she isn't the type that likes doing nothing but lying on a beach. Even so. he begged his wife to give an explanation. when the new year started. the doctors decided to send him for more tests. The X-ray showed that Mick had a cancer the size of a small football and this was squashing against his left lung and pushing against his heart. Sometimes he thinks he hears her singing. And anyway. and we gradually pedalled the length of Loch Ness. Since this bicycle tour I've been back to the highlands of Scotland many times and I look forward to my next visit. Finally. passing Britain's highest mountain. And though it rained for ten out of the fourteen days we were there. the sun does come out sometimes. but I remember thinking it was rather a wet place. but couldn’t find any explanation there. But it really is a beautiful island. This wasn’t the case with Mick. In fact he had non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma Cancer. I don't know what my friend thought of Skye. Mick spent a few anxious days waiting for the results. I had wet shoes for the whole four days I was there. After that. Mick was told he had pneumonia. so that we didn’t get lost and we spent most of our time wearing waterproofs to keep out the incessant rain. think about it. So. which can normally be spotted as a lump in the neck or under the arms. He really had cancer. And that is our personal stories section. especially if you keep off the main routes. We made the mistake of going in September – the height of the 'rainy season' . And this came as a surprise to Mick as he was a very fit man in his mid-thirties. We now move on to one of our most popular features. A great way to see the highlands and islands of Scotland is by bike.scientist and he had to find a scientific explanation. The route we cycled along was more or less the same as taken by the Scottish hero.

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You know. Guess what! One of our friends from London went to hospital the day before the meeting. they avoided him. it was terrible. and we wanted to talk. Most people. Saw all the famous places. we expected twelve. They helped him a lot while he was recovering. they are treatable and curable. I just hope I just wasn’t too much of a problem for him. Knowing the truth is better than not knowing at all. it was very nice and cosy. As I said. It was really kind of him to let me stay the night. Mick didn’t have a lot to do and stayed home a lot. Also. yeah. the hospital. it wasn’t in York. I must say. He had trained for 17 years for this and thought he was going to do the job for real. it didn’t snow. if you go by train you can’t travel when you want to. A few months have passed since Mick heard the news. We had a great time the next day. I saw some of my old university friends recently. The weather? Well. Yeah. I know it was supposed to take place two months ago. Listening 10 Peter Marlow. Mick is really happy about the Army and the National Health Service. there are a lot of different kinds of cancer and each one attacks men’s bodies at a particular age. I know my group wasn’t that small. Yeah. He didn’t see any of his mates on TV. we visited him. Today. Mick has started a campaign telling people about this. no. He also kept in contact with them by sending and receiving e-mails through military lines. But. have some beer and chat until late at night. discos are very noisy. those who organised the meeting work and live there. if they are noticed early enough. A single visit or a phone call would have been a great help for his morale. Tom said he could pick me up from the station. But. on the Themes. How many people came? Well. You know. But plans change. Yeah. somebody even came up with the idea of putting it off until the last week. Then we thought we’d go to a disco. six people came. As he was a soldier he had a professional interest. But the trouble is.too. But nobody liked that. fine. He wants to hear all their war stories. What did we do? Well. He said it was like drinking ten beers and eating three kebabs. I had my own room with a TV. we didn’t meet in York. Snow? No. Yeah. so he followed the Iraq war on TV. I knew that everyone wouldn’t come. it’s funny but whenever I go to London it usually rains. His mates in his unit didn’t know how to approach him. I know we studied there. . but did see his helicopters. How am I doing? Oh. Last. Mick says that you feel polluted for days. But. A third of the population could be affected in their lifetime. Maybe a bit too cold. what have you been doing recently? You went skiing to Austria?! Really? Tell me about it.Mick. In fact. And he is right to warn us. We ended up in a pub. how are you doing? Fine. there were twenty of us. No. you don’t have to bother with driving such a long distance. Jenny. when they hear the word cancer. Not pleasant. The thing is. He took me on a great tour around the town. with most forms of cancer. yeah. But we decided not to. I’m an officer and I get tickets half price. Yeah. But Mick didn’t like the chemotherapy. no. Actually none of us did. But it doesn’t have to be. Your immune systems are lowered. In fact. And Mick believes his strong desire to get better has helped him as well as the treatment. It’s the same with buses. Too expensive. the flat was very. Oh. There are other problems as well. tiny. Cancer is more common than we realise. one of my friends put me up. You know. And. And he was right . don’t they. You know. you see. Yeah. Very nice place. He was actually quite pleased to discover what was wrong. I didn’t stay in a hotel. not too bad. Though. you know. at first I was planning to go there by train. but once only. He thinks he will make a full recovery. That’s a lot of people. It was raining last time I was at the Ministry. you feel exhausted and you lose hair. Ooh. Poor Jack. Well. We had a class reunion. In fact. Now he expects he’ll be listening to years of boasting in the soldiers’ club. Really boring. Yeah. so we couldn’t stay in our old college. While he was having treatment. in the last year. sort of. During those few months he’s had chemotherapy. Mick is determined to tell everyone that cancer is not just an old man's illness. think it’s a death sentence. I thought at least half of them would turn up. capital city and all that. at one time. at the beginning we thought we would stay at our friend’s place. His one big disappointment was that he was not there. no. In the end. but you have to travel when the timetable tells you to. Jenny! Hi. You know it’s cheap for me. especially the senior officers in his unit. when I went to meet my friends. Tom. the weather was fine. But. But there is one thing that surprised Mick. It can affect anyone at any time. Yeah. so it was very convenient for them to ask the others to go there. you know. Everyone who has it says it’s terrible. In fact. So I went by car. Mick is feeling better and better everyday. They didn’t know how to speak to him. Oh. So. I hope he’s all right now. hello. month. we met in London instead. In fact. Of course.

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on the very first day she went out on her own and half way up a mountain she fell sick. we were asleep. they had just changed the currency and the old Franc was 100 times higher than the new Franc. Not that we were scared of mosquitoes. She took out her mobile phone and phoned the air medical rescue team. I had a headache and I wanted to get up and get some aspirins. Cherry and Tom Cashin decided to leave Ireland twenty-six years ago. we’ll be talking about a family who do live in a foreign country and finding out their answers to those questions. famous for its grizzly bears. The Cashins have Irish Days at their hotel. it would be impossible to sleep. So. After that. and the thought of being hotel owners was so appealing." And then I realized it was my husband huh. We simply had everything we owned right there in the room. I sat up in bed. they sold their house in Ireland. She felt so bad she couldn’t walk and had to stop. Tom was asked to stay on in his job. Later on. I hear the pans crash. This year Sarah went on another hiking holiday. I said. Last year Sarah. new experiences. And we wanted to have the windows open." Listening 13 There are some people who should never go on a hike in the mountains. You see. secretly. as Cherry now says. Night was coming on and she was afraid of being attacked by bears. in the middle of the night. but eventually a helicopter arrived carrying the medical team. He said "Well. . She needed help. And when I was able to speak. They went first to Germany because Tom had a job offer there. Foolishly. they almost didn’t buy the hotel because the price was far too high. they left their home and friends behind them and set off for France. And we were staying in a government guest house which was sort of like a small hotel. Sarah couldn’t believe it when she saw the pilot of the helicopter. All of a sudden. On such days. Suddenly. when they told a French friend about their desire to buy a hotel and the price. a twenty-two year old student nurse. though they may complain about their noise. but she only got worse. I tried to scream and I had laryngitis which means my voice wasn't working very well. On the very first day she fell and broke her leg. Freiburg is close to the French border. And what do the local people think of the “newcomers” amongst them? Well. I could see that there was a man in a white robe standing up next to the bed. Anyway. Take Sarah George for example. that they decided to buy it. a picturesque mountain area in eastern France. adventure. it was way over forty degrees centigrade. "What're you doing?". But they enjoyed life so much in Freiburg that they decided to stay for two more years. But they decided not to. they are very fond of their Gaelic neighbours. but not anymore. Irish music is played and Irish dances are danced. Why France? Well. and when they lived there they quite often took short holidays in the Vosges region. but it wasn't a very fancy place. Anyway. No wonder the price was so high. they came across a hotel and a restaurant for sale. bought the hotel and settled down to the life of hotel owners in the sleepy village of Obrey. And then he says in English. On one of those trips. However. Listening 12 My husband and I were traveling in Africa. And anybody could just come in and steal our things. She had to wait a long time. he explained that the price must have been given in old Francs. So that's what we did. Then if a thief came in. My heart was beating like anything. Orbey may well have been a sleepy village once. It must have been something she ate at the hotel the night before. but in reality.Listening 11 Have you ever thought about living in a foreign country? What would it be like? What would you do there? What would make you leave your own country? Today. it was a very hot night. So we decided to put a lot of pots and pans like that under the window. this time in the Grand Teton National Park in Wyoming. the man came over and he shoved me down on the bed. not at all. they would return to Ireland. They only planned to stay there for two years. They told their friends that they wanted to give their six children a broader education. But if we shut the windows. It couldn’t be. They settled in Freiburg in the south-west of Germany and rented a house. But the problem was the windows didn't have any screens or anything. At the end of those two years. the pots and pans would fall down and we we'd wake up. Well. went on a hiking holiday in North Carolina. Their children already spoke very good German and they thought it time that they learnt another language. Realising that they now could afford the hotel. She waited to see if she would get better. It was such a charming hotel in such a pretty village. "Be quiet. and that they also wanted to give them the possibility of learning to speak foreign languages. so it was possible to stay for two more years. what they really wanted was a new environment. or so they thought.

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ever since my early days at school I've been interested in animals. and it's basically for people in high school or the early years of college. But then. a unique religion. The helicopter that the air medical team normally used was in for repair. is to see that the people seem to have given up their spirit and that's the most dangerous thing. The project I was involved in was about rabies vaccination which is in Ecuador. but I wasn’t quite sure which one. It’s forbidden for them to speak in their own language. What was Harrison Ford doing flying with an air medical team? Had he trained to be a doctor? No.. the dangers of smoking. and they don't care about studying. They needed to find another helicopter. It’s not every day a young woman gets rescued by a handsome film star. it's so trendy and popular. It's similar to the Peace Corps but it's for a shorter time. So Ecuador looked good and so did Peru. At the time I was very interested in human medicine. Perhaps Sarah George is not so unlucky after all. but it's a very good program. They have different … there are many different projects. and it will . Listening 14 Hi! My name is Anthony. The answer is much simpler than that. and it's forbidden for them to live this anymore. They looked in a directory of owners of helicopters and found a Mr H Ford. but it happened that there was no more free places. Tibetans have a unique culture. I remembered that when I was in sixth grade. and that was basically it. We also talked about rabies. Ecuador it was and I worked there for eight weeks. So I really wanted to do human vaccinations. Medical things like for example. he also offered to fly the helicopter himself. Tibetan people have to retire at about age forty or so and they are more and more demoralised. It's a volunteer organisation based in Houston Texas. There's a lot of problems going on over there. I also planted some gardens and did some talks about that. At one point I even wanted to stay there for good. What they really liked was when I told them about life in America.. So. and we also collect money to send to refugee camps and schools for refugee children in Nepal. For example. they have projects concerning hygiene in which the volunteers build latrines and do some talks educating people. To tell you the truth. They phoned Mr H Ford and Harrison agreed to help. and that was the project in Paraguay. so I highly recommend the program for you but not for that reason. I wrote a report on Ecuador and I absolutely fell in love with it. and has a. they weren’t really interested in those topics. who lived near the place of the accident. There is political fighting about the boundaries of the country and who owns it. It was Harrison Ford. the famous star of such films as Star Wars and the Indiana Jones films. What this group tries to do is raise awareness of the situation going on in Tibet. Anyone who's interested in going to Latin America. ‘cos there are always some doctors. and so I had to choose another one. So they're concerned because the school children learn in Chinese and they don't understand their own language. Of course." But I don't care what they call it because if people learn more about this little country it becomes real to them. I think the headquarters of the project is based in Paraguay. Yes. Oh. What it is is they send out those students who know Spanish or Portuguese. Two years ago I took part in the program Amigos de las Americas which means friends of the Americas. Ladakh and in Lhasa. They also have projects in which volunteers actually give vaccines to people. So we are trying to raise awareness in the United States. We did rabies vaccinations and I also taught English for a little bit and gave some talks on lots of different things. And it was there that I met the woman who's now my wife. definitely recommend they participate. and they drink too much. how to clean your teeth properly and how to maintain hygiene and how to prepare food. It’s the saddest thing for people to go there. you are not left alone. They can't wear their traditional clothing. and we got to meet a lot of nice people. He not only offered the use of his helicopter. and we made a big wall painting at the elementary school. has a strong interest in community service I would definitely. and just totally waste themselves. Yes Harrison Ford. People say. The young people now are on the streets of Lhasa. But the real big problem to me is that an entire ancient culture is being destroyed. depending on what country you go to. I’m totally enchanted with the place.but it was. that was what made me want to go to Ecuador. Well. Listening 15 My name is Ben and I'm involved in a group called the Friends of Tibet. It's actually kind of interesting how I decided to take part in this. "Oh. some professionals who show you how to do things and who organise the work. They send them to different countries in Latin America to do some work for the local community. so I wanted somewhere where they had good wildlife.

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I left my unfortunate driver and took a lift with the Swiss. or they can watch a film about prehistoric times. The city was in the middle of a recession. In Darwin. stood about 4 feet 10 inches tall. there is one thing that makes this place very special. And then the same airline took me via Brunei to Darwin in Australia. I realized I needed some cash quickly as my reserve was very low. when the car finally broke down. and study of fossils. Luckily. That’s why employers were suspicious about people who didn’t live in Darwin. The Page Museum. then two Danish girls took me to Townsville. Page was a famous American businessman who made money on fruit. different from other museums. Several short lifts took me only 150 kilometres or so into the bush outside Darwin. When the weekend came I decided to move on. Studies show that the bones. whether plants or animals are from 10. There were Royal Brunei Airlines in Singapore. George is also known for his fascination with fossils. cataloguing. I met a driver who was going to Queensland. I flew with British Airways. as I needed to find work quickly. I didn’t get a direct flight. he headed west to where oranges grew. Some exhibits have been designed with them in mind. It was named after him. when he had to leave home at the age of sixteen. and it’is often visited by children. My destination was the south of the country. . after booking into a hostel.become outrageous to them for it to be destroyed. The skeletons of animals that are in the museum were all found in the area called Rancho La Brea. that is very old parts of animals or plants that can be found in the ground. Listening 16 Travelling is my obsession. Most of the fossils.000 to 40. The orange tasted so sweet to the boy from Nebraska that. There are also remains of one human. But distances are huge in Australia. preparation. As a small boy he ate an orange for the first time. visitors can observe everything that is happening inside.000 years ago. I am not an experienced driver. for example they can see an animated model of a young mammoth. the skull and skeleton. After all. I was leaving behind a sad life in London for the sunshine of the tropics. I got lucky. after only 10 minutes or so a van pulled up driven by Swiss tourists. and jobs were even difficult to get for the local people. Maybe it was better for me. Listening 17 George C. Unfortunately the old car started to have engine trouble. It specialized in packaging and sending fruit to places in colder climates. There. I was to travel some 3000 kilometres. and was between 20 and 25 years old. the cleaning. Mission Pak. It was too far. I think that public opinion can change political situations. In other words. However. Last year in February I went to Australia. I save up every penny and once a year go somewhere exotic. so I didn’t get a job. They also kept asking me if I had a Northern Territory driving licence! Each state and territory in Australia issues its own driving licence. But I didn’t fly with them. I didn’t. so that's what we are hoping for. That is parts of the museums where fossils are kept and the laboratory are in full public view. is a place for research and education. They had some problems with their workers. The driver frequently stopped. belonged to a woman who lived about 9. Page liked them so much that he decided to build a spectacular museum. so I decided to go there. They pulled us to the next service station.000 years old. the largest city in North Queensland. and by nightfall we were nowhere near our destination. that’s how it is called. I spent two days looking for work in Darwin. too. He told me that the best job prospects were in Queensland. I had a mid-landing in Singapore. We were in the middle of nowhere in the desert – miles away from civilization. I started hitch-hiking. with no success. Then. Page went to California and after a few years he created his first company. If I run out of money I try to find a part-time job. The fossils range in size from microscopic to extremely large.

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Anyway. good. It must have been going over 40 miles and an hour. I still have my hand luggage with all the essential stuff. yes the 5th. got to Warsaw airport just in time. finally arrived in Manchester after a bumpy flight which made me feel really sick. There was a motorbike behind me. . He was wearing glasses and carrying a walking stick. Now. you’ve got to tell me all about it. thanks. the whole airport was paralyzed. ups sorry. so I decided to grab something to eat. after an hour and a half of waiting. Anyway. I was just dying for a slice of pizza. They promised me my bags would be delivered as soon as possible. As I say. today is the 6 th of March. but they only had these fish sandwiches. luckily. But I could see the bike behind me and I could see in front of me there’s this zebra crossing. take a shower and have a drink or two. get to London at ten thirty. it was 10. I’m glad you made it here. And what’s worse. the usual stuff. stopped as quickly as he could. I need one. on the zebra. Well. Well. I’m exhausted after what happened today. they’ll come tomorrow.Part Two Listening 18 . I just filled in a couple of forms. He drove off without waiting. something I never even touch. He didn’t look right or left. it must be terrible to arrive without your luggage. I just had a coke. that’d be great. As I said before. there was an old man just starting to cross. . Anyway. Can you believe it? Well over 40 miles an hour and the speed limit there must be 30 miles an hour. when I heard a really loud noise and turned around. Both suitcases had disappeared. He probably couldn’t hear anything either. yeah. about 45 I’d say. Just like mine. Oh. Well. Just then they announced another delay. Had a bit of time before boarding. can you believe it?. How come? What happened? . typical March day. The thousands of people everywhere because they’d missed their connections just like me. Well.m. Can I get you a beer.45 train. would you believe it?. The driver saw the old man and put his brakes on. So I dashed to the bar. And there was this car coming up to the crossing. but the motor bike was travelling so quickly the rider couldn’t stop. but I almost couldn’t make it to London. an easy . I’d just arrived on a 9. Now. travelling really fast. in a busy street. Yesterday. Now. Yeah. He hit the back of the car and fell off. How about another drink? . I couldn’t see very much. my luggage was missing. I was supposed to leave Warsaw at half past nine. even though I was starving. It was dark. so yesterday was the 5 th. We were told to wait yet again. I was walking along High Street. now.. Oh. . But then things started to go wrong. Actually. It was my girlfriend’s birthday and we were meeting at one o’clock. the one at the corner of High Street and West Road. eventually got to Heathrow and. But I did see the licence number. I was in the centre doing some shopping. gosh! They’re probably in Melbourne by now. I am sergeant Dick Turner and this is my statement about the accident I saw yesterday. between Station and West Road. you know. I had to wait in an endless queue to get rebooked. Just walked out in the road. The only thing we could do was wait. . . I’d prefer a whisky. Hopefully. So. We couldn’t even leave Warsaw. so I was looking around the shops in the centre trying to find a present. . Now. Now the car driver must have panicked. we were delayed for two hours by fog in London. And there was a red ford just coming up to the crossing. I left Krakow by coach at three a. And. Here you go…. Anyway. I’m stationed at the Hillhead base near Holby and I was visiting my girlfriend here. . Frank? You must have had a rough day. The old man was OK. So what did you do about it? . My car is DIY 122E. to cut a long story short. It was 10 am. Tell me about it. raining heavily. I finally got my new tickets. what a drag! . Oh. first it seemed like a nice journey. and then go on to Manchester. You know what the food on flights is like. I thought things couldn’t get any worse. yesterday was my day off. that’s army speak. . . he was an old man. At least you don’t have to bother about buying a new toothbrush. I was longing to get here to the hotel. Oh. Listening 19 Well.00 hours.

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They were about two kilometres away at the time. So. We went sailing. Well. that was because of the weather. Didn’t notice anything. the camera operator lieutenant Nowak was making a routine check of the Polish bank of the river. he was checking the Ukrainian side of the river and the camera didn’t detect any movement. the rest of my family. In the group there were five Chechen asylum seekers and one Ukrainian woman who was their guide. by crossing the river Buk. Listening 21 Right. Didn’t look round. The fine is based on an average day’s wage in Poland. We had to abandon ship. Listening 20 Yes. the Border Guard use these special cameras which can detect things at big distance. The prison term is usually three months. The patrol was pretty serious – four armed men and two dogs. There was smoke in the cabin and I could here the crackle of wood burning. And they discovered that they were trying to get to Germany. She was a wonderful yacht – Evening Star.000 dollars. and the sea became really calm. So. but nobody was really hurt. they were awake by this time. which is bad enough but nothing worse. Now. I told them our position. so things aren’t so bad. that’s my wife and two children. 7 kilometres in good weather. watched the stars and then went to bed. my yacht Evening Star. So. We threw a life-raft into the sea. Anyway. we’d started out in Gdynia. jumped into the sea. And this one’s ever easier – DIY 222E. unfortunately. Now. That’s when some people were caught trying to enter Poland illegally. I radioed for help. lieutenant Nowak radioed the Border Guard patrol in the area and two hours later they found the group and arrested them. Me must have left a candle burning or something. It was 20 kilometres north of Gdynia. I jumped out of bed and went to the galley to find it on fire. and they’ll be tried in the Polish courts. So. I was sailing in my yacht. You see. So. Didn’t see the driver. I really do think he was deaf. you know. He was wearing a helmet. I tried to fight the fire with a fire extinguisher we have but I couldn’t. . I’m here cooperating with the Polish Border Guard and I can tell you about this operation yesterday morning. The police are holding the group. you’ve asked me to tell you what happened. I went to help the motorbike rider. the border guards took the people to the local police station and there the police took away all their money and their personal belongings. we were on the sea for about forty minutes. It was built in Southampton. what I’d like to do at the end is I’d like to thank again the Polish Coast Guard for rescuing me. By this time. and we are all alive and well. can you believe it?. about 40 minutes later the Coast Guard came and rescued us. I think that’s how you pronounce it. You see. Nobody was hurt. lieutenant Nowak was a little surprised. where the border guards questioned them. after this. I lost my yacht. Well. it was a pretty scary adventure. though. OK. so I’m a little upset by that. so he had no head injuries. As I said we were a little bit cold. There was heavy snow yesterday and strong wind. hello. the wind died down. I woke up to the smell of burning. So. Well. and we were a bit scared and all we could do was just sit there and watch the yacht sink. The were put in a car. so I’ll do the best I can.number to remember. I’ve got insurance.40 am – I remember the time because I looked at my watch – I woke up. It was almost like being on a village pond. The penalty for illegal entry is a fine or a prison sentence. My name is Robert Brown of the British Immigration Service. The sea was a little rough to begin with and I was a little worried. you know. yeah. Probably. Nice car. Then the camera showed a group of people heading north-west of this check point. and all the family jumped in. But. And that old man. we cooked dinner. round about 1. Well. He just crossed the street. Everyone was relaxed. Well. the illegal entrants didn’t resist arrest. It can be up to ninety day’s wages. He had a broken leg. luckily the sea was still calm. in a forest about 10 kilometres from the border crossing here. the border guards have finished their job. you know. Now. I rushed back into the cabin. They were very efficient and very pleasant to be rescued by. so we all managed to climb into the raft. brought to the check point here. he didn’t even look round. so first thing I’d like to do is to thank the Polish Coast Guard for rescuing me. It was worth about 250. Well. At 5 o’clock yesterday morning. We got quite cold. earlier that morning. Well. actually. Red ford escort it was. But later on. All right.

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I tried to steer. Well. I’ve never had an accident in my life. Well. the tire blew out. All right. we both checked our watches again. not a scratch. So. he was standing on the driver’s side of the car and he was talking to the driver. Black Hill. And the ambulance came. I was driving. I’d learned the hard way how careful you have to be with these heavy cars when there’s ice on the road. well. I’d better start by telling you where it was. It just drove off as fast as he could. I’ve never driven such a heavy car in such bad conditions. I can tell you exactly where it was because there was a road sign just where the accident happened. the left hand one. but I just couldn’t.10 exactly. All of a sudden. I thought I’ll take a look at this. Well. well. sergeant Brown and I were taking supplies to the military hospital. I was just a witness. I had to keep within the speed limit. so I pulled over onto the hard shoulder. And while the driver of the car was OK. Brian Smith and on my right. Now. I just carried on driving and about four or five minutes later I saw the same car parked by the side of the road with the police car behind it. So. I was a bit shook-up though. And it looked horrible. About fifteen minutes later. Well. you know. And then. how did it happen? Well. I started running towards the accident to see what was going on. he looked really bad. Well. And we thought we’d be there in five minutes. The car skidded to the side and hit a big road sign. My name is captain Robert Jones from the Norwood’s Army Base. “Green!” he says. OK. But the breaks were no use on that slippery road. He was still alive. you know. And I was the driver as I said. He’s gonna get a ticket for speeding. And he was going quite fast too. And a couple of minutes later this police car went screaming past me as well. on the edge of the base there. not too fast. But the road was covered with ice and the car started skidding. police superintendent Rogers. yeah. this car came out of my rear view mirror and he went screaming past me. Well. “Watch out!”. I thought Oh he’s been caught. I thought they are going really fast. Well. I jammed the breaks on. The policeman. ladies and gentlemen. just by the traffic lights. I was driving the car that had the accident yesterday and this is what happened. I wasn’t ready for this. You know. The weather was pretty bad. You know. Just left San Francisco. about 50 mph. But that was the only serious damage. And I thought my God he’s gonna die. Well. There’s something lying on the road. Do you mind if I have a smoke now actually? OK. Otherwise. I’ll tell you it was a horrible accident. Oh. I was just stunned. I went to his police car and I phoned the ambulance. where the post office is. But I listened to his heart and I felt his pulse. that’s what happened really. Well. firstly I will explain in general what happened this morning. so I’ll start at the beginning. thank you. If fact. I must have been about 6. but the green pick-up truck had just disappeared. Is there anything else you want to ask me? Listening 23 Right. This is private Fred Green. We were really glad to see you. it’s a long story. I tried to stop. I thought he was dead. Glad you could drive us to the hospital and glad we weren’t hurt in the crash. frightened. He says. he seemed to go on taking for quite some time. It didn’t happen much longer after that. I left home at six o’clock. now let me think.15. The car was a bit damaged though. You know there was blood everywhere. I heard about it later because I followed the news. I got out and had a cigarette and I thought well I’ll see what happens here. Then the Chief Fire Officer and the . Well. But then. I wasn’t in a hurry. Well. It was exactly 5 miles out of San Francisco. So. One of the headlights was broken. sergeant Brown shouted.Listening 22 OK. Listening 24 Good morning. I was a pretty good driver when I joined the army. It was horrible. I was shocked. Now. when you turned up at eighteen fifteen. the policeman. it’s lucky we were going so slowly. And I saw come past me this green pick-up truck. I heard he was still alive but he had just some back injuries and head injuries. This is Chief Fire Officer. I’ll tell you abut this accident. Now. just as we got to the traffic lights. you know. that’s all I can remember. straight into the policeman and straight into the car. I wasn’t involved in the accident. It was terrible. I think. I mean I was really scared. It was 18. Neither of us was hurt. Yesterday evening. And the time? Oh. All of a sudden. But another policeman came and the ambulance came and they took him away. Still. and the green pick-up truck went swerving across the road. the ambulance came about fifteen minutes later. just as we got to the village. I got out and I had a cigarette. We were going slowly. It was just five minutes later. the car was working fine. It was only eighteen hundred hours when we left but it was already dark.

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well. Corporal Gordon realised at once that there was damage to the tanker and that the gas was escaping. I was just passing the Flying Horse pub. When I came to. Thanks to this timely action there was no damage to the houses in Baker Street and none of the people in Baker Street were injured. The driver of the tanker was corporal Fred Gordon. We finished our drinks. I was with some friends and we were really having a good time. Corporal Gordon is a reliable. When I fell I suppose I must have hit my head against the curb. Finally. Tomorrow morning. Police are now trying to identify him but so far we do not know his name. we will answer your questions. He was ordered to drive only on main roads. when these two men came out. I can’t stop thinking about the accident you see. Decently dressed and yeah they were tall. They didn’t even take my watch and that was worth a lot. I can still hardly believe I made it. That’s funny. Yes fifteen minutes. Oh. ford fiesta. I’ll come and give you another statement tomorrow. I don’t know exactly how I came to lose consciousness. We’ve examined the tanker carefully and we are quite sure that the gas leak was caused by the crash not by any fault in the tanker. As you know. Yeah. experienced driver. We are quite sure of that. you want to know something about the men. just after 11. But you want to know what .01. Listening 26 So you wanted me to talk about the air-crash. said goodbye and then I walked as far as the other pub. I had some change as well but all together they couldn’t have been more than ^45. I don't know how or why it happened. John Tucker. And they looked normal. I’m not sure if I can do that again. I checked to see what was missing. As a result. Corporal Gordon was cut by flying glass but was otherwise uninjured. it seems as nothing serious is wrong with me. there wasn’t too much in the wallet. Listening 25 My name? Tucker. It just happened so quickly.superintendent will give a technical report from their point of view. But the only damage was to the tanker itself and. if that’s OK. This crash caused the gas to leak. This was at approximately 9. We left just after closing time. I reckon I might remember more. And my cash. these two men walked up to me and asked me to give them some money for a taxi. not much taller than me but still tall. That’s all I can remember right now. I do remember the punch was so hard I fell straight to the ground. The driver of the car. to the football field. We live in different parts of the city. He must have called you because you came like five minutes later. I have to tell the credit card company and freeze the accounts. Very well. And then one of them just hit me. corporal Gordon switched off his engine. I was at the pub the one in High Street. of course. jumped out of the vehicle and ran for cover. of course. the A439. They took my wallet with all my credit cards and money in it. I said sorry I don’t have any money to give you and tried to get past them. So we said good-bye and I walked on alone. it was really awful. right? Because I’m one of the thirty nine survivors of the recent plane crash. yes. I guess they were in a hurry as there were people not far away. but the police instructed him to drive along with the other traffic into Baker Street. yeah. I thought you the press people had already described everything. there was a man kneeling over me against asking me how I was. No. Thank you.00. Oh. The time? Well. I think. At 10. all traffic going west was directed into Baker Street. and the wallet was worth about ten pounds. Then the barman called ‘time’. so we decided to go as far as the corner together and then go our separate ways. not punk or anything like that. when I get over the shock. but otherwise I am not hurt. One of our tankers carrying propane gas was travelling from the Army depot at Midwell to the Norwood Base. At around 9. Oh. you see. Boot and Shoe its name is. corporal Baker was passing Greenway School. He thought very quickly and drove the tanker onto the school football pitch with his headlights on and his horn sounding as an alarm to everyone. I’ve got a cut on my forehead and I’ll probably have a lovely black eye tomorrow. So. So we just finished our last drink and decided to go home.30 this morning. So.55. I’m a bit confused at the moment. The police directed this tanker along with the other traffic into Baker Street. Just two tens and for fivers. the gas did unfortunately explode. there was a traffic accident on the London road. Luckily. went out. you know. Just before you came. I’ll try but it’s not going to be easy to tell you what I remember about this terrible adventure. ran away. You could see that they were drunk by the way they were swaying. So. I do that even in my dreams. It really happened too fast and I didn’t look at them carefully. when the driver of a car behind lost control and crashed into the tanker. When he got into the middle of the field. not yet? Well. And they were drunk as I said before. that must have taken what? fifteen minutes. They were in their 30’s.

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too. a wonderful place. We’d hit the mountain slope. if you see somebody nodding his head. this will mean ‘yes’. I enjoy that sort of thing. And this could lead to many problems. It was a big modern aircraft. Somebody wants to offend you. it’s worth it. to signal ‘yes’. the bodies. I can still see the aircraft. For the Japanese it is difficult to say ‘no’ definitely.exactly happened on that day. Funny. Like other passengers I just trusted in the pilots and the equipment on board. Somebody had already pushed out the emergency door and we got out. In Saudi Arabia you have to exercise even more if you want to show ‘no’. Beijing. What they say instead is “I don’t know” or “I don’t understand”. that’s the . But they were not the rescue teams yet. Our plane took off from Bejing as scheduled at 11:45 local time. If you want to make it an even stronger ‘no’. and then the captain asked us to remain seated with safety belts on. Be careful how much you eat. Then the aircraft started moving down rapidly. Then we started going down with greater speed. But this time it was different. you should. at least at the beginning. it’s usually people sitting at the back who survive such accidents. But she couldn’t go to toilet because first the airhostess. This is a thumb and a forefinger forming a circle. Very comfortable and spacious. we were happy it was just the weather. Suddenly we felt a strong bump. In Japan. Then someone used a mobile phone to call for help. the rescue team people trying to get them out and the TV guys filming everything and everybody to make their stupid reports ‘on the spot of the disaster’ as they called it. you should eat everything to show you liked the meal very much. just lift your eyebrows. This is a nice gesture for us but it is very offensive in Latin America. and wave a hand in front of their face. The captain also asked the crew members to sit down. Have you ever been there? No? Well. somebody else was crying. It was a TV team that arrived first…Would you believe it? The TV hyenas were there fist. Tip you head backwards and click your tongue. Sometimes you may not be aware that what you do is not correct. Why? Because in this culture it symbolizes the part of the body on which people sit. raise your hands and show your palms to the person you are talking to. I’m sure you know what an ‘OK’ gesture looks like. I learnt that later from the news. Then you will be sure that he or she won’t try to make you change your mind. There were over a hundred and fifty passengers on board and I guess ten crew members. eleven. You know comfort. We were in the middle of the forest. I knew we must be flying over the Pusan mountains. what is universally accepted as a sign of agreement in Bulgaria means ‘no’. if you shake your head there. and you don’t realize it. don’t you? OK. My girlfriend felt really sick. I mean the rescue teams and emergency units. It is a compliment to your host. or to make the matters worse. On the other hand. My girlfriend and I weren’t very happy because of that change. What is normal for you may be funny or even offensive to your host. Watch out for gestures that are impolite. After some time we heard the helicopters. He explained the weather was terrible in the capital. a terrorist attack. On the last day we were supposed to fly back to Seoul by Air China. nice service. a Boeing 767. You may be surprised how offensive it is to show somebody the soles. There were bits and pieces of the aircraft all over the place. ‘No’ you express by leaning your head to either side. flight CA129. some time later some turbulence started and you can imagine what that means especially soon after lunch. There was a small explosion and fire broke out. and even embarrassment. Be aware. In Egypt it is polite to leave something on your plate. The plane had destroyed many trees. The journey seemed to be an enjoyable one at first. yet another person was moaning but luckily there was no panic. especially if you want to travel. My girlfriend and I were on a week long holiday in Beijing. It was us sitting at the front who didn’t die instantly because it was the tail of the plane that hit the mountain. Life there is not easy for a foreigner. Listening 27 Gestures are a form of communication. China. In Greece. but there was nothing we could do about it. not say a strike at the airport. there’s the opposite situation. Well. I mean the new route to Pusan. Many people were feeling bad. A gesture may mean one thing in one country and something completely different in another. good food. Some time later the captain told us in a short announcement there might be problems with landing in Seoul because of bad weather so our flight would be diverted to another airport near Pusan. Take for example Bulgaria. And to the contrary. you will not see the ‘no’ gesture. I realized we were amongst the few who’d survived. Isn’t that simple and obvious? Well. Also. No not ten. back to the story then. So it’s good to have some introduction. Similar confusion may take place if you are invited to a dinner party. The impact was great and this horrible noise of something cracking. You shake your head in the presence of another person and he or she will know that what you’re saying is ‘no’. I heard somebody scream. We saw a movie and then the crew served us drinks and lunch. Sometimes this can lead to great confusion. If you want to say ‘yes’ you simply nod your head. In Guatemala however. not quite.

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there had been some gas system repairs in the street just in front of the restaurant. Additionally. So. The thing you really can’t miss about her is her broken arm which is in a plaster. and with shoulder length blonde hair parted in the middle. She left school at 3. And our next news item concerns a missing person. Luckily our foreign friends usually realize we use incorrect gestures not because we want to be rude but because we don’t understand those cultural differences. We ask anyone who was in Church Lane or in Rose Woods any time after 3. to think carefully and try to remember if you saw a girl fitting the description we’ve given. Charlie is quite tall for her age. The whole restaurant is completely in ruins now. in the afternoon. is a famous lunch meeting place both for businessmen and local residents. Thank you. She has not been seen since. one passer-by was hurt in the head and had to be taken to hospital. could you please call the Police on 342 8879? The number is appearing on the screen now. Moreover. a missing girl to be exact. Luckily. the explosion wasn’t a powerful one.15 when. as usual. and as usual she was wearing her school uniform. please listen carefully and we would appreciate any assistance you can give us. After arriving at the scene of the event the police started the investigation. Charlie was reported missing at half past five when she didn’t arrive home from school. but. slightly built. The plaster is very colourful as there are many drawings on it made by her friends. First of all they were looking for the causes of the incident. This gesture may be very dangerous if you do not realize its meaning. Anyone who would like to join the search party should meet at the Red Bull on Church Lane at 7. The doctors say that his life is not threatened. Thank you for your help in this and I know that Charlie’s parent would also wish to thank you. . we have been able to trace her steps after she left school. Listening 28 . located in Green Street. The owner clearly remembers her coming in to buy some chocolate. We have Inspector Morris in the studio who would like to make an appeal. they thought that the explosion was caused by a gas leak. After she had got off the bus and had said goodbye to her friends.bottom of your shoes in Turkey.00. she could have taken a short cut across Rose Woods. All the chairs and tables were broken into pieces. The windows were smashed and there was glass all over the place. The ambulance was called immediately and they were all given quick medical help. She was carrying a blue and white backpack and an umbrella. However. Listening 29 And now in our local news programme we’ll focus on the report of a dangerous event which happened in our city recently. she may have fallen and got hurt. central Bristol. 1m 40 cm. In the beginning. The police would also like to organise a search party. and was expected back home at 4. and now the sports news. the explosion led to a lot of damage. If you did. Sometimes when you see a gesture you may not realize that it has a meaning. The Milano Restaurant. During the previous week.45 today. Last Saturday. they notified us. there were a lot of customers in the restaurant. When she didn’t show up her parents phoned around to see if she was at her friends. Inspector Morris. Now we are quite anxious to find this girl as she doesn’t usually stay away from home without telling her parents. The police have not finished .00 pm. so there were not many victims. Now. But. We are looking for a thirteen-year-old girl known to her friends as Charlie. The incident happened at 2. Fourteen restaurant customers suffered some slight injuries. because it was raining heavily. Thank you Inspector Morris. I guess everybody knows what that looks like. Charlie is a student at the St John Fisher School. two cars which were parked in front of the restaurant got damaged as well. That is because that part of your ‘clothes’ are usually dirty. In a pub in Australia when you have finished your beer and turn your glass upside down it’s a signal that you want to have a fight with anyone in the pub. She left school with three friends and caught the bus with them.45 pm. our inhabitants were terrified by a sudden explosion which took place outside a very popular Italian restaurant. and not being able to find out where she was. Charlotte comes from the village of Swinton and is quite well known in the area. now we are not suggesting anything serious may have happened to her. She was actually last seen in Betty’s sweet shop. . it later turned out that the explosion was caused by a small bomb left in a plastic bag near the table outside the restaurant. because of the bad weather. Although there weren’t very serious injuries amongst people. she walked along Church Lane in the direction of Swinton. Charlie should have continued along Church Lane and taken a left to her home. though her real name is Charlotte Smith.

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As most of us have probably heard the local factory producing pesticides caught fire two days ago at about 7 p.m. the first thought was that some unsecured flammable materials caught fire. The woman. The investigation is still being continued and if any new details of the case are revealed. however. The only man who could have been in danger was a night guard who had luckily left the main building to check the area and the fence outside just before the fire. The man has a criminal record and it was he who got the explosives from the black market. and in this way he tried to get the money from the insurance company. On Monday. Fortunately. At first they were sure that the fire had been set in the main hall. is a 32-year-old Maria Anastassiades. spread quickly burning more and more parts of the factory. The factory was damaged so much that the police had difficulty in establishing where the fire started. there was Greek Foreign Service Officer to Iraq. During the whole operation one fireman got hurt in the chest. He had been in debt for a long time. no other people suffered any injuries as the employees had already gone home. The man is a 34-year-old Albanian Costas Vekios and it was him who was holding the armed grenade. There had been reports that the factory did not meet safety requirements and it had been given time to improve safety conditions. they also found five detonators and 55 9mm bullets. There was a strong wind and the fire. a burning board fell onto him and hit him hard. Their initial evaluation of the damage is approximately 1. At first. showed that the restaurant owner had planned the explosion himself. lit it and from there the fire easily spread to the rooms on other floors. Listening 30 And now in our local news we'll come back to the incident. After the report has been published. He is being questioned now but for the time being he refuses to answer any questions. As soon as the police had found enough proof. it was attacked some 90 kilometres away from the Iraqi capital. However. The other three cars were not attacked. Finally after two hours the firemen put out the last flames and all the danger was defeated by about 9 p.5 million Euros. When he got inside the main hall. he disappeared and has not been seen since. Their final report will be presented on July 30th. According to the Foreign Ministry. Practically. who was driving.3 FM. Yet it turned out that the arsonist had got to the chemical laboratory. While the police were searching the car they also found five hand grenades. Additionally. However. we have no details about the amount. they failed and no one was injured. We’ll keep you informed. a Greek convoy was attacked on its way to Baghdad. That man spilled petrol. The police managed to identify the man and the woman. I’m George Harris and you’re going to hear the latest news. However. After a careful investigation it was confirmed that somebody had broken in and set fire on purpose in the main building. Police believe that the drugs and ammunition had been . The police have also found out that the owner was helped by one of his waiters. He told him that in the group there were three members of the Greek rescue team and that the Greek mission managed to reach Baghdad safely. One of the grenades was armed and ready for use. the Police said they had stopped a pair of suspected drug dealers. Sadly. Glaridis. which gave a suspicion of arson. Although the fire brigade came immediately. Luckily he was immediately pulled out by his colleague. it wasn't easy to put out the fire. The restaurant was insured for a very large sum of money. The convoy was carrying humanitarian aid. a special team of inspectors is working on the scene.the investigation yet. we’ll report on them in our further programmes. before the police managed to arrest him. The inspectors are also going to look into the safety measure which should be improved. which has happened in our town lately. even though they are expected to finish their inspection by July 13 th. the police suspected that the incident was an act of the local Mafia’s revenge on the restaurant owner as he had refused to pay for so-called protection several times. However. He also made and planted the bomb. the police have already finished the investigation. unfortunately. The attackers were trying to immobilise his jeep and fired upon it twice. Listening 31 You’re listening to Hellenic Radio at 106. The investigation. the public has already been informed about the real reason for the explosion. which started in the main building. Glaridis reported the event to Deputy Foreign Minister Andreas Loverdos. the decision about rebuilding the factory will be taken. It is unknown who carried out the assault. As the causes of the fire are concerned. They were transporting 56 kilos of cannabis into Greece in a private car. All the time he claims he is innocent. In this convoy. Yesterday. one of the firemen discovered a hole in the fence beside the main building. and whether the convoy was just a target of opportunity.m. the restaurant owner was arrested.

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Well. one can hear the villagers pray again. in the narrow streets. . the soldiers form A company quickly organised foot and vehicle patrols through the streets of the village. They would like to reopen the factory. what is life like there? Well. Now. they are trying to provide law and order. that the fight’s over. The local people simple didn’t listen to what the Irishmen said. but they are accommodated in the place that used to be the Iraqi Army Headquarters. They came to Iraq three months ago and are going to stay here for three months more. Another thing is that during Saddam’s rule. A great success. The Irish had to renovate the building completely because the Iraqi soldiers had completely destroyed it before they left. Stay with us for more news just after this short commercial break. But they are using methods that are completely different from those used by Husain’s people. but this may be a tougher task. first of all. They wanted the locals to feel their presence and because of that they patrolled the streets four times a day. This is quite unusual. But the soldiers skilfully solved the problem and both sides began to cooperate. the Irish soldiers have been very busy since they arrived three months ago and they have had some success. this might be a surprise for you. when they were searching local houses. they announced a weapons amnesty. These characters were senior members of the Bath Party and of the local militia. I asked them where they lived. I’ve been talking to the Iraqi people and I’ve also interview some Irish soldiers. Listening 32 This is John Smith reporting from post-war Iraq. But they wanted to be seen by the villagers as friends not enemies. The pair will soon appear before a public prosecutor. I’ve been talking to Irish soldiers from A Company of the Royal Irish Regiment. Also. Once they had made sure they had good accommodation. As a result. They can do them now. And why was it a great success? It was because the soldiers didn’t have to fire a single shot. In fact. the cooperation between the Irish soldiers and the leaders of the local communities wasn’t that good. the villagers were not allowed to do many things. the best success they’ve had happened a few hours after they moved into the area. too.picked up by the pair on the Greek-Albanian border shortly before their arrest. the Iraqis handed over more than 100 hundred rifles. And life in Iraq has improved a great deal. And there are many dangerous incidents during such searches. and quite often soldiers need to use their fire arms. What else are the soldiers trying to do? Well. The police are still searching for other members of the group in Athens and Albania. Now. The saw some suspicious characters. As you can see. Praying was stopped 15 years ago. they’re helping the local community to reopen places and they are being successful in opening the local school. so they decided not to wear their combat helmets but to wear berets. They are stationed near the isolated village of Mahaha. For example. At first. For example. acted quickly and arrested them. What successes have the Irish soldiers had so far? Well.

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or it was until the last member of the family - Cornelius Wilkes . Northwood Hall is haunted. Of course.Part Three Listening 33 Ah Hello. waving an empty bottle around above his head.000 bottles of rare wine. Cornelius was 35 years old. 20 servants. The vast curtains of this room remained closed. Another problem is cost. perhaps you'd like to hear about Cornelius Wilkes as we go through the house. Welcome to Northwood Hall. The winds of hell blew round the Hall at night. were many of his friends. People say they still hear them on the anniversaries of his more evil parties. He inherited this great house. But all were rich and all were weak. a cellar containing over 2. It would be very expensive to check the past live of all employees. does it matter that you broke the law many years ago? It the past. they dropped dead. 5 carriages and a great deal of money. In fact they must find out about anybody who wants to become a care worker. He’s the manager of the Mark Talbot Recovery Centre which tries to help drug addicts. I’m so glad you could come. to drink the last few bottles of wine. The stories of his terrible acts are told in story. In this dining hall Cornelius gave huge and frequent parties for all his friends – idlers. our law protected the secret of law-abiding people. Cornelius Wilkes was probably one of the most evil and sadistic men who ever lived. His friends watched in horror. Paula was a violent young woman.died here 200 years ago. ate and slept. which he could scarcely control. This is the Great Hall where Cornelius played as a boy. May people say that it isn’t clear. And there have been personal problems for some unlucky individuals. 400 acres of land. but the floor is still in good condition. By 1767. so good to have so many visitors. The law says that they must check everybody. Take the case of Paula Fisher. Not long ago the public were shocked and angry when a local newspaper reported stories of workers in nursing homes who actually attacked the patients in their care. when the Hall was broken into. The decoration on the walls is nearly all gone and the staircase is falling apart. Why? Because they’re ex-addicts. for few people have entered the Hall since 1767. drunkards and no-goods. employers can ask about crimes committed in the past. night and day. and she’s never been in trouble since. When Cornelius was 25 his parents died. Good worker and a responsible mother. Why? The answer is simple. For ten years he'd been living like a madman but now his money. He so disliked the 20 great bedrooms. But. 200 years ago. The bottle smashed against the stone. and a stammer. But that is not the end of the story. and it's difficult to know where truth ends and imagination begins. there’s a good reason for the new law. Her employers checked her past and found that eleven years ago she was found guilty of a crime. Under the new law. Northwood Hall is the home of the Wilkes family. His last five friends came as darkness was falling. She used to support her family by working. A violent crime. One problem is the text of the law. His friends. But the law says she must loose her job. and has been empty since March 1767. his wine and his lands had all gone. ran for the door. What had happened to their bodies? Listening 34 And now a report about a change in the law and a big argument about it. They never reached the safety of the outside world. When the clock struck the hour Cornelius got to his feet. Cornelius Wilkes was dead. The house was built in 1587. Should your past life be a secret? If you were a law-abiding citizen today. The six of them drank until midnight. Employers couldn’t ask you whether you had ever committed a crime but now that has changed for one group of employees – care workers. But then she changed her life. And now we are in the huge panelled dining room. The sound of thunder crashed through the room. With a terrible cry. Gone too. He developed a quavering voice. Women and men who look after sick people or young people or people who need protection. he threw the bottle at a wall. like rats deserting a sinking ship. A great flash of lightning shot out from the wall and stabbed Cornelius through the heart. Cornelius looked 50 with the eyes of a madman. a stammer which ended in a crazy laughter. There is still one strange and unexplained fact. And listen to Sam Clark. Please follow me. On the 11th of March 1767. Cornelius Wilkes gave his last party. The next morning. . One by one. Including janitors and others who were simply not involved in the care of patients. Some say it was the wish of the devil. Sam says that the new law will force him fire most of his workers. out of their minds with fear. But some people are not happy with the law and they’ve been explaining their objections at a series of public meetings. not as a nurse but as a nurse’s assistant. It was in this room that Cornelius Wilkes lived. there was no sign whatsoever of Cornelius Wilkes or his five friends.

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but I wasn't in bed. We are all right. that wherever I live. Then there’s one hundred and fifty eight. very lucky. The phone wasn't working. everything. for example. The announcer said: "Earthquake 921 measured 7. I tried to call my friends to find out if they were OK. but we must never forget what happened. sexual assault. Everything in the house was falling: books. And at last they stopped and everything was quiet. I also learned that other people can be really helpful when you need them. If they make a good case. During the final moments before going on air. the lights ready. Next day. I didn't know what to do.m. or a criminal or political investigation. many ex-addicts make excellent care workers Sam says. that’s what you’d expect to see inside a TV studio just before a show goes on. And everyone agrees there will be changes. the program guests taking their seats. So. Twenty five for example. only 15 minutes away. so I was on my own. Silence. She lived near the house and she knew that my parents were in Canada. I heard the fish tank fall down and shatter. In fact. about 2340. Many cities have been badly damaged. the journalist needs to find out as many facts about it as possible. let’s take as an example a current affairs programme. an environmental issue. They must go to the Department of Health and Family Services and try to prove that they have changed their lives. drug dealing and so on. In the end.. I learned many things from this terrible experience. these are some of the problems which people are discussing at these public meetings. the building which collapsed was very near my house. I think the people of Taiwan have recovered from the sadness of earthquake 921. I realised. cupboards. I lived with my aunt until my parents came back from Taiwan. messy place. and the hosts flipping through his notes before the start of the discussion. wouldn’t you? Well." This news was amazing. Now. There are only thirty seconds left. But how do they get to that stage? How is a television programme made? Well. I have to be prepared for earthquakes. I didn’t stay in the house. It all began in the middle of the night. At last I found it and listened to the news. for example a corruption story. I looked for my little radio. noisy. If a journalist has to create a piece for a current affairs programme. but it seemed like forever. "You can't imagine! There were bodies lying in the street because there were no more body bags to put them in. When the quake came. My mother's friend came to help me. The idea of the meetings is to help Parliament when they consider how to change the law. but I couldn't get in touch with some of them. Thank God I am alive today. Crimes such as murder. In Taipei a 12- story building has collapsed and more than seventy people were killed. Once the story has been decided on. Anybody who’s committed one of these can try to get a care worker’s job or try to keep the job they have. all is quiet. but I couldn't get through. I didn't know what was happening. Listening 36 So. but it took me hours. My parents had gone to Canada on a trip. meets people. She told me. Anyone who has committed one of these serious crimes can never work in a care centre. I think I was very.3 on the Richter scale. not in the disaster area. Right. I tried to use my cell phone to call my friends because the ordinary phone wasn't working. Sounds like the research-work stage is tough. the newspapers said that a terrible number of people died in this earthquake. My parents saw the news on TV and they were really worried about me. I ran and hid under a big desk until the earthquake was over. Almost all of the buildings in his city were damaged. their department may allow them to work. doesn’t it? And not that . you couldn’t be more wrong. so they called my cell phone to make sure I was all right. glasses. anything of public interest. Everywhere there was a terrible smell. Her building collapsed. the work starts with finding a good story. and there wasn’t any electricity. It lasted about 30 to 40 seconds. reads newspaper cuttings and watches library pictures. My aunt went to the disaster area to help the people there. He or she makes phone calls. We’re safe. what makes a good story? Well. They understand better than anyone the problems of the centre’s patients who are trying to brake their drug habit. We are so lucky. Everybody wants to protect helpless people in care centres but nobody wants to destroy the lives of good law-abiding care workers. I started to clean the house. you arrive at a TV studio. We live in this safe district here.which means they are ex-criminals. please! And action. That’s the number of so called lesser crimes. Listening 35 I was 17 and I was living with my parents in Taiwan. It was around 2 a. expecting to find it’s a busy. I’ve been reading the details of the new law and it’s full of numbers. Most of my friends were all right. That’s the number of so-called serious crimes. so she came to check that I was OK. What you can see are the cameramen waiting. I was so scared." One of my friends lived in another city.

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the man escaped but had a very serious injury. how did this happen? He’d been fishing with his son. and action.exciting after all. Looking at two people talking all the time is not very exciting. The pilot was a Baptist missionary. Incidents were planes have come within seconds of a mid-air collision which would have caused the lives of hundreds of people. it’s not only the story that matters. First. there were a few nervous situations. there is the Chingombe Mission. 'You were lucky'. Making a good interview is not all that easy. This accident wasn't the strangest thing that I witnessed. and shot all the film he wants. It is run by Polish priests. diagrams. the journalist needs to know exactly how much air time he or she has. That is to decide who to interview. . Soon after that something even more scary happened in the area. There are only thirty seconds left. I spent some time there helping its boss. 'It was not luck. the number of mid-air incidents must be worrying. Bob. before getting to the conclusion. During my stay. So. The length of time on air decides how deeply the journalist can develop the story line. he saw some hippos. including the injured man. Obviously. the plane's wings snagged on some tall thick grass. And here the journalist has to use his imagination. Without hesitation she ran to rescue her daughter. Listening 38 In the last few months. he has to edit this material. too. when suddenly. A television audience will not want to listen to one person who speaks for five minutes. But it has to be done. The picture covering the voice-over should complement whatever is being said. The animal was unable to grip the girl firmly in its mouth and gave up after a struggle. With her hands she forced the crocodile's jaws to stay open. These are just a couple of incidents that occurred during my stay at the Chingombe Mission. good-evening. The plane lost its balance and went straight towards the bush. . the pilot managed to stop it before it crashed into some trees. One of them was with a baby. It was the Lord's protection. I have with me squadron leader Bob Tailor. it’s time to decide what to do with the material and plan the shooting stage. Good evening. Once the journalist has made all the interviews. The interviewee should not only be experts in their fields. That is. She left her there and went further along the river bank to a fishing place behind some trees. film of people and places in action. where to interview them. They asked for a plane that would take the injured man to a hospital in the Copperbelt. there have been a number of near-misses in the air over the south of England. how long the viewers will see the material on the screens of their TVs. When she returned she saw her daughter being attacked by a crocodile. He desperately needed to get to the mission to get medical help. He replied. in the Luano Valley. So. During take-off. Now. The plane was damaged but did not explode. Is there any reason why they are on the increase? . and what questions to ask. There’s no time for it. Listening 37 In Zambia. maps. Bob. After it’s all done. you must make sure you talk to the relevant people. The injured man was pushed for 10 hours until they finally reached our mission and clinic. Fortunately. The nurses quickly took him in and began treating him. The sister who was in charge of the Chingombe Clinic disinfected the man's leg. Once the research has been done. knocked it. with frequent pauses. Father Marcel. and then grabbed his leg and tried to drawn the man in deep water. To discuss this problem. But in order to do this. for TV. Five people were loaded into it. you’ve gone through the whole TV production process and a programme is ready now to go on air. I said to the pilot. silence please. Unfortunately. One day a man was attacked by a hippo on the Lukasashi River. but also good speakers. I think this is why it got so aggressive and attacked the poor man. so the journalist will not be able to use more than a minute-long sound bite in the program. The journalist has to think of ways of introducing other images. The clinic personnel contacted the Flying Doctor service by radio. the package is ready to go on air and face the criticism of millions of viewers. A mother went with her daughter to do some washing by the river. The pictures are just as important. the only transportation available was a wheelbarrow. Then she told me it would have to be amputated. good picture selections matters a lot. Luckily. The right sound bites have to be accompanied by well-written voice-overs to link them into short and logical pieces. . TV is fast. The plane didn't arrive until the following day. He was a Pole like myself. that is put it all together. The mother-hippo went after his canoe.

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officials ordered all boats back to the port. But any foreign planes waiting to land or take off may well not understand. Planes taking off and landing all the time with the briefest intervals between them. Especially during peak holiday periods. at dawn. . there’s a very great danger that an accident may occur. Each of them brought food and water as they'd been forbidden to take any luggage. Maria says she couldn't live in Cuba any more. Certainly. It was suggested in the press that last week’s near-miss was caused by the poor English of one of the pilots. . with improved technology. . Yes. It was designed to seat six people and it wasn't equipped with life jackets and a motor. The people in the boat did not hear the warning. Carlos who were trying to find a new life in America. The wind was getting . language is undoubtedly a problem. Heathrow is the busiest airport in the world. be concentrating on the instructions being given to him by his air-traffic controller. And he or she may not be aware what is happening in the next area of air space. tiring job. if the controllers were talking to other planes in a language the pilot didn’t understand. . . That particular report turned out not to be true. the volume of air-traffic is increasing all the time. when they are talking to pilots from their national airline they may use their common first language rather than English. obviously. thank you for joining us today. Bob? . The tragedy started. understand exactly what he has to do. Ah. When the first gusts were recorded to the Cuban Coast Guard station. and with three other airports around London. nodded to the group and shouted. it may be possible to prevent. But. when there are so many charted planes in addition to the scheduled flights. Soon four smugglers appeared carrying a five-meter aluminium boat. Not realizing the danger they continued their journey. Air-traffic controllers are very over-stretched. we don’t have enough staff. The next day she paid a smuggler half the cost of the voyage and her adventure started. But why is that a problem if they understand each other perfectly well? Surely. Less than 24 hours later. for example. she started saving almost every cent of her salary and after two years she had five thousand dollars . . she met the rest of the people who were to travel with her. quite honestly. The problem is the danger it creates for other aircraft. and a tragic accident might result. But. two airplanes approaching the same runway simultaneously. Bob. the sky over the south of England is pretty busy. The local port issued a bulletin: a storm was moving to the coast of Florida. On the other hand. A pilot coming to land will. she didn't see how it was going to stay afloat with all of them on board.. but there are problems. It’s also important to remember that each air-traffic controller is responsible for just one area of sky. Take one of the major airports world-wide – Madrid. But surely. Altogether there were nine of them. The pilot of the national airline will. There’d be no hope of preventing accidents without it. Maria looked at it and she felt anxious. there are some countries where the air-traffic controllers give a lot of non-English instructions. She wanted to be free and she wanted this freedom for her son too. . Well. the smuggler who was running the operation. She was ready.the price of the whole journey. they will understand each other better if they are talking in their own language. when Maria came to a deserted beach. Listening 39 Good morning." Then he and other smugglers started rowing against the tide. if he could also hear and understand the instructions being given to other planes nearby by other air-traffic controllers. For example. Today. Bob Taylor. . welcome to the programme "People in the World". . obviously. They didn't have much. The moment she made up her mind. It’s an extremely demanding. for example. . They didn't need a compass or a map to find the way. yes. the technology helps. if one looks at the problem of air-safety world-wide rather than just in Britain. Squadron leader. A week later. And. you'll hear the story of Maria and her 15-month-old son. the clear skies darkened. The only good thing was that the smugglers had sailed to America many times. And if pilots don’t understand the instructions given to other aircraft. Well. My pleasure. of course. "Get in. it should be easier for air-traffic controllers to check where planes are and to guide them safely. Raul. Why did they do it? Well. the pilot could be completely unaware that he was being given the same landing instructions as another aircraft. And I’m glad to have the chance to comment on that. Can you give us an example of that. Why is that? .

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Today we are going to talk about Amelia Earhart. one of them hit the back of the boat and Carlos slipped out of his mother's arms. When she was nearly 40. and wasn't impressed at all.000 feet. in a suburb south of Havana is the headquarters of Cuba's State Security.stronger and stronger and the waves became very high. the boss of the smugglers was left behind and his family still doesn't know where he is. Amelia Earhart is remembered as a brave pioneer for both aviation and for women. She climbed trees and hunted rats with her rifle . a tiny spot of land in the Pacific Ocean. Surely. She loved it and had to have it. Three of them had no chance. A lighthouse was built on Howland Island in her memory. Suddenly. about her experiences during the crossing. They prayed for their drowned companions. The United States government spent $4 million looking for Amelia. She took all sorts of strange jobs to pay for the lessons. There are even theories that they might have landed on an unknown island and lived for many more years. Amelia's life changed. you’ll remember the star actor Hugh Grant. So she worked even more saving all the time and finally her dream came true. they were spotted by a boat. Yet.to be the first woman to fly around the world. And because it’s so important. in 1920. She tried in June 1937. Well. Screaming. The survivors were taken aboard and arrested. Listening 41 Have you seen the comedy Four Weddings and a Funeral? If you have. This time she did it on her own. Even as a child she didn't behave like a typical girl. Second later another wave broke the boat in half and the passengers fell into the water. 40 minutes'. She bought it. Whatever happened. People today are still speculating about what might have happened to Amelia and Fred Noonan. a famous American pilot. which makes it the most expensive air-and-sea search in history. called '20 Hours.but she wasn't particularly interested in flying. A rescue search was started immediately but nothing was found. . The survivors were taken there after dark and 48 hours later the lucky ones were allowed to go back home. with her navigator. they drowned immediately and no one could help them. once again Amelia flew across the Atlantic. but they aren't. She broke several records with this flight: the first woman to make the solo crossing. maybe they should. it was a Cuban Coast Guard boat. she was still the first woman passenger to fly across the Atlantic. Later on she wrote a book. Now. one by one. the bridegroom. Amelia was working as a social worker in Boston when she received an amazing phone call. Amelia decided that she was ready for a final challenge . in the first wedding making very funny mistakes in the role of the best man. He fell into the water. law and management. Then. She practiced a lot on a yellow plane that was called “Canary”. Then. But she was very interested in newspaper reports about women who were successful in male professions. But in the middle of her flight the plane. caught the child's arm and pulled him into the boat. USA. had ever done before. Amelia knew that she had to fly. Maria rose to jump in after him. Fred Noonan. You may say that those people should feel discouraged by that tragic experience. Just hours after they were released. in 1932. the survivors reunited on the shore for a memorial service. Even though she was just a passenger. one of the men pushed her back down. In the beginning everything went smoothly and they landed in New Guinea in July. In 1928. Lindbergh. That was it. During the First World War she worked as a nurse in a military hospital. The rest hung to the floating parts of the boat desperately fighting for their lives. Unfortunately. It’s a difficult role and an important one. Well. Raul. At that time she also met George Putnam who became her manager and after a few years her husband. She became famous and traveled around the country giving lectures. something that only one person. In 1922 she took 'Canary' up to a height of 14. such as engineering. the longest non-stop distance for a woman and the shortest time for the flight. in Kansas. He reached overboard. they said they were more determined than ever to leave Cuba. and later started to study medicine at university. She’d decided that this was going to be her last long distance record-breaking flight. you'd like to know the end of the story. She went to an aviation fair with her father and had a 10-minute flight in a plane. when they couldn't hold on any more. the navigator and pilot simply disappeared in bad weather. The next stage was from New Guinea to Howland Island. She was invited to join pilot Wilmer Stultz on a flight across the Atlantic. As soon as the plane left the ground. breaking the women's altitude record. the poor chap who is just about to get married. Amelia Earhart was born in 1897. must be very careful in the selection of the right person for the job. Listening 40 Welcome to the programme “Famous people of the 20 th century”. After nearly five hours. She saw her first plane when she was 10. Then. So Amelia found herself a flying teacher and started to learn to fly.

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the major styles in tattooing include Tribal – bold. Listening 42 Well. Here the best man must be able to make a speech without being a bore. for instance. he may have to check that the right number of taxis has been ordered and that they’ll arrive on time. Nowadays. Well. He sported a dragon. However. the groom chooses the person who is nearest to him to be his best man – maybe a brother. So. The word ‘tattoo’ comes from the Tahitan word tattu. Or he may have to tell the guests how to get to the reception. too. The bridegroom replies to the toast. Technically the only places you can’t have them are on hair. but by this time they also want to start eating and continue drinking. Did you know that tattoos were also popular among people from more prominent social classes such as the royalty and the aristocracy? Kings often had tattoos. at most weddings the best man is a married man. And what about the motifs used for tattoos? Well. Because he’s the last to speak.the bridegroom is the only person who can choose a best man. Grooms themselves are getting married late in life and may prefer a best man who’s closer to their age. tattooing has not always been so common and associated with fashion and art. an unmarried man. Then. the best man replies to the toast on behalf of the bride’s maids and makes the final speech. sailors. So. It’s an old tradition at English wedding receptions to make a speech before you propose a toast. in a full range of colours and on almost all parts of the body. Even Charles. Not even the bride has the right to interfere. simple patterns in black ink. Quite an unusual combination. teeth and nails. a Jerusalem Cross and his family coat of arms. on many parts of human bodies especially now on hot spring or summer days. Often the bride also gives a ring to the groom. the bridegroom used to choose a single men. The best men must be willing and able to help with the organisation and to deal with the practical problems. The bride’s father gives the first speech and then proposes the happiness and prosperity of the bride and bridegroom. etc. usually in black and grey ink. more experienced men who are more likely to be married. Most often. But the choice is not always so obvious. there’re no rules about that. the reception – the party after the ceremony. it can be twice as difficult. No matter how much she would love to influence the final choice. or an old friend. servicemen or prostitutes. you are wrong. clouds. which means ‘to mark’. the guests should be in a happy mood.. Celtic – complex line drawings. so the best man has to remember two rings. his speech is expected to be light and funny. But nowadays. At the end of the speech. above all. The groom’s family and friends on the other. At last but not least. it’s the groom who has the last word. Not so long ago tattoos were connected with people of dubious morality: prisoners. a more distant relative. For example. You can see tattoos everywhere. tattoos are created by injecting ink . but soon tattooing attracted artists who developed techniques and set high artistic standards. These days age or profession doesn’t really matter – you would be surprised how many respectable people have tattoos. pay the organist or hire a photographer. dragons. ladies and gentlemen that was the latest news service and our next programme is about fashion and an art form that has become extremely popular recently. I believe most of us realise that tattooing is quite painful and you need to have some courage to have them made. However. And what cold be more embarrassing than to reach the climax of the wedding and find there are no rings to exchange to show their family and friends that they are now man and wife. and Portrait – images taken from photos. King George V had a tattoo dragon on his body. during the wedding ceremony. what does the process of tattooing look like? Well. Then. we can only speculate about that. I mean tattooing. The bride’s family and the friends on one side. Interestingly. nowadays almost any kind of image can be turned into a tattoo. In other words. the Prince of Wales. Why do the royals decide on having tattoos? Is it just for fun or for some other secret reason? Well. but as short as possible. Young men today are not so serious and grooms prefer older. He may have to show guests where to sit. this is the best man’s only worry. he must stand by the groom and produce the ring for the groom to put on the bride’s finger. because the bridegroom’s closest friend may not have the right skills for such an important job. makes his own speech and he proposes a toast to the health and the happiness of the bride’s maids. has a tattoo. Oriental – fish. don’t you think? The kings of England liked their tattoos as well. And the requirements are many. Take for example the Danish King Frederick IX. the best man must make his speech not only funny. I the past. In fact. Fortunately. it was sailors who brought them back from Polynesian islands some 200 years ago. again usually black. there’s the preparation for the wedding. This means he has to keep the ring safe and remember to bring it to the wedding. You might think it’s mainly teenagers and young fashion victims who are wearing tattoos and feel proud because of that. At first the fashion spread very slowly. He doesn’t have to arrange the flowers. First. and are happy to show them occasionally.

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And for a start stick to the temporary tattoos you can remove easily and painlessly. But even in the best ones infections and complications can occur. ladies and gentlemen. Listening 43 Good morning. They do this so the woman can keep an eye on your belongings while you are in the bath. I didn’t go very often. it was invented by Thomas Edison. Well. It’s not easy to wash yourself when you’re sitting down. The machine moves the needle up and down very rapidly penetrating the skin to a depth of one millimetre. you cannot close it again. Well. this is very expensive. someone who bought a tattoo gun by mail order. but he never had the courage to have himself tattooed. the first thing. Therefore it has become more common to remove tattoos with a laser. and doesn’t know how to use it safely. and this didn’t surprised me. when you get into the main bathing area you have to wash your whole body while sitting on a small stool about forty centimetres high. They watch TV. The main disadvantage of tattoos is that they are permanent. I can’t talk about all my experiences but I will talk about going to a Japanese public bath. because they are very expensive and I was only teaching English there. they usually have two or three large baths where you can soak for a while. The child had problems with her kidneys and she was waiting for a transplant. And you don’t bathe alone. I’m telling you the truth. Local anaesthetics may prove insufficient in relieving pain.into skin by means of a tattoo gun. In fact you wear nothing at all. in many places unregistered tattoo studios still outnumber the official ones. if you get tattooed by a ‘scratcher’. I know it sounds strange to us. you really should try out the public baths. although not very pleasant. and there is something else that may embarrass you if you go to a Japanese public bath. what do you do when you go to a public bath? Well. the number of illegal studios has got smaller. there is no guarantee it won’t hurt or that there will be no scars. This can happen. people help each other out by washing each other’s backs. Some of them are very serious indeed such as AIDS for instance. well-equipped and registered studio. So. if the tattoo is applied by a qualified artist in a clean. But he warns that men should think twice before they try to find out. His center carries out 350 DNA tests a year. Listening 44 Professor George Brown. You must have heard stories of how difficult it is to get rid of them. He suggests that 6% of the population may have a different father to the one they think they are related to. It gave neighbours a chance to meet and socialise. Professor Brown is in charge of one such place. The Japanese want to keep the dirt from outside out of the bath. but that’s what they did. And that is that you don’t wear a swimming costume. actually. But as you can imagine. One way to find out whether you are a father or not is to do tests on paternity in a paternity testing service. Well. And here you might get embarrassed.” says the professor. because the truth is often unkind. after you’ve all done bathing. And often extremely painful as well. “Once you’ve opened the lid. Even though. Surprisingly. so I didn’t have a lot of money. And you must ask yourself whether you are ready to cope with the truth because it can have a disastrous effect on your family. the process is not dangerous. They were a happy family and nobody could really say that they would be soon apart. His beloved daughter. My name’s Phil and I would like to start by thanking you for inviting me on your radio programme. “There is a real Pandora’s Box in these sorts of tests. The thing is that the woman who takes the money sits on a raised platform where she can have a clear view of the men’s dressing room. You’ve invited me on the show because I’ve just come back from Japan and you want me to talk about my experiences there. is that you have to take your shoes off. So. Next you go into the dressing room to get undressed. after that. As you may suspect. Make sure nothing is stolen. Well. yes. Although they blur. after you’ve rinsed off all the soap. Really.” Professor Brown gives an example of a father who for three years from the birth raised a child as his own. drink tea or juice and just sit and talk to a friend. One third of the results are a big surprise for those taking part in the test. If you do happen to go to Japan. Moreover. Then you pay the entrance fee to the woman at the front counter. I found this really hard to get used to. Her father . of the Institute of Human Genetics in Oxford says that up to three million Britons may be wrong about who their real father is. Oh. if you or your nearest and dearest are considering having a tattoo think twice. that is. they never disappear completely. It consists of a needle attached to a machine. Well. Sometimes. become less clear with age. The artist changes colours by dipping the tip of the needle into various colour ink just like a painter does into a palette. that is. people relax in the dressing room. quite an experience. It’s quite relaxing really and quite. traditionally the bath played an important role in the community. You see. There are other people in there with you.

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” .volunteered to be a donor. and there is nothing he can do. he is divorced. two years on. He has lost his legal status as a father.” . He has tried to stay in contact with the child of his marriage. Professor Brown is sure that to avoid such tragedy and pain paternity tests should be done routinely on every newborn child. but with no success. On each birth certificate should be written both biological father. Now. “But to have those test on every newborn child in not realistic. “I am sure that such a system would bring clarity and certainty to all. And he is no longer a father. and the social father. which may well change more than once throughout the life of the child. Then he discovered that his wife was having an affair. After blood and DNA tests it turned out that the father and his daughter were not related. which will never change.he says. Her biological parents want him out of her life.

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ANSWER KEY Reading Listening Text 1 1B 2A 3B 4C 5B 6A 7A Listening 1 1C 2A 3C 4A 5B 6B 7B Text 2 1C 2C 3A 4B 5A 6A 7A Listening 2 1B 2B 3C 4B 5A 6B 7C Text 3 1B 2A 3B 4B 5C 6C 7A Listening 3 1B 2A 3C 4A 5C 6B 7A Text 4 1B 2C 3A 4C 5A 6B 7A Listening 4 1B 2C 3A 4B 5B 6A 7A Text 5 1C 2B 3B 4B 5C 6A 7C Listening 5 1C 2C 3C 4C 5A 6A 7C Text 6 1C 2B 3B 4C 5C 6A 7B Listening 6 1C 2B 3B 4C 5B 6C 7B Text 7 1B 2B 3B 4A 5C 6C 7C Listening 7 1C 2C 3A 4C 5B 6B 7C Text 8 1A 2C 3C 4B 5A 6C 7A Listening 8 1A 2C 3B 4B 5B 6B 7C Text 9 1C 2A 3C 4C 5B 6C 7B Listening 9 1B 2C 3B 4C 5B 6C 7A Text 10 1A 2C 3C Listening 10 1C 2C 3C 4B 5C 6B 7B Text 11 1C 2A 3A 4B Listening 11 1C 2C 3C Text 12 1B 2B 3B 4C 5C Listening 12 1C 2 A Text 13 1B 2C 3A 4C Listening 13 1B 2B Text 14 1C 2A 3A Listening 14 1A 2A 3B 4C 5C Listening 15 1C 2B .

the see was calm 3. at 1. two Text 24 1H 2F 3D 4E 5C 6G Text Listening 19 25 1H 2B 3E 4F 5C 6G Text 26 1F 2H 3C 4B 5D 6G Text 27 1F 1. 18. 9. forest/10 kilometres from the border crossing 3F 4T 5T 6F 7F Text 34 1F 2F 3T 4. near the traffic lights . 1. fine or prison sentence 5T 6F 7T Text 36 1T 2T 3F 4T 5F 6F 7T Text 37 1F 2T 3F 4F 5F 6T Listening 21 7T Text 38 1F 2T 3F 4F 5F 6T 7T 1.Text 15 1G 2E 3B 4D 5F 6C Text Listening 16 1A 2B 3B 4C Listening 17 1B 2A 3A 16 1G 2D 3B 4F 5E 6C Text 17 1B 2D 3F 4G 5E 6C Text 18 1G 2D 3C 4B 5F 6H Text 19 1D 2E Listening 18 3G 4B 5C 6H Text 20 1G 2C 3D 1. 10 am. 6/5 Chechen +1 Ukrainian 4T 5F 6T 7F Text 35 1F 2T 3T 4F 5. 20 km north of Gdynia 6. 5th March 2H 3G 4B 5C 6D Text 28 1E 2C 2. 45 mph 3G 4H 5B 6F 4. 250 000 dollars 2T 3F 4T 5F 6F 7T Text 43 1F 2T 3F 4F 5F 6T 7F Listening 22 1. broken leg Text 29 1F 2F 3T 4F 5F 6T 7F Text 30 1F 2F 3T 4F 5T 6T 7T Text 31 Listening 20 1F 2F 3F 4F 5T 6F 7F Text 32 1F 1.10 3. zebra crossing 5. trying to get to/reach Germany 6.40 am 40 1T 2T 3T 4F 5T 6F 7F Text 41 4. fish sandwiches 5. DIY 222E 6. heavy snow/strong wind 3.30 2.5 hours 5B 6G Text 22 1D 2H 3B 4F 5E 4. Evening Star Text 39 1T 2T 3F 4F 5T 6F 7T Text 2. 3. fog in London 4H 5E 6F Text 21 1H 2C 3F 4D 3. 7 o’clock 2T 3F 4F 5T 6F 7T Text 33 1F 2F 2. Private (Fred) Green & Sergeant Brown 2. Manchester 6G Text 23 1C 2H 3D 4B 5G 6F 6. four 1T 2T 3F 4F 5T 6T 7F Text 42 1F 5.

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they didn’t have to shoot / didn’t fire a shot 6. (Betty’s) sweet shop 5. 90 km from Baghdad 5. 5 miles out of San Francisco 6. bullets) 6.30 Listening 44 1F 2F 3T 4F T5 6F 7F 2. Greenway School. tire blew out 5. outside the Flying Horse pub 2. somebody set fire on purpose Listening 24 4. A pair of drug dealers Listening 25 5. they are dirty Listening 41 1F 2F 3T 4F 5F 6T 7T 6. two cars 5. a journalist 2. Iraqi Army Headquarters 6. chemical laboratory 5. a hundred (rifles) Listening 26 5. on Church Lane . Deputy Foreign Minister 4. 15 6. school uniform 4. four times a day 1. press people Listening 35 1T 2F 3T 4F 5F 6F 7F Listening 27 Listening 36 1F 2F 3F 4T 5T 6F 7F Listening 37 1F 2F 3T 4F 5T 6T 7F 1. Pusan Mountains (accept faulty spelling) 5. six months 5. at the front Listening 34 1F 2T 3F 4T 5T 6T 7T 6. wallet/some money and credit cards 1. 55 pounds (45+10) 2. cut forehead 4. Searching for other members of the group 1. CA 129 3. tanker and the football field (pitch) 2. Latin America Listening 40 1F 2F 3F 4T 5T 6T 7T 5. driver (Fred Gordon) cut by (flying) glass 3. I don’t know or I don’t understand (one option is Listening 38 1F 2T 3F 4T 5F 6F 7T enough) Listening 39 1F 2T 3T 4F 5F 6F 7F 3.5 million Euros 1. 6. none 1. slippery roads or ice on the road(s) Listening 29 5. Grenades (detonators. on the driver’s side of the car Listening 30 4. restaurant owner 2. (small bomb) Listening 23 4. getting money (from insurance) 1. car crash 4. 15 3. (Corporal) Fred Gordon 1. fifteen minutes after closing/11. zero 3. 342 887 9 6.15 3. Nobody 6. broken arm (in a plaster) 3. 10:01 6. local school 4. male decent(ly) in their thirties tall 3. July 30th 2. green pick-up truck 1. two hours 6. 2. lift your eyebrows 2. back and head injuries 2. eat everything 4.15 Listening 32 3. your want to have a fight Listening 42 1T 2F 3T 4F 5F 6T 7F Listening 28 Listening 43 1T 2F 3T 4F 5F 6F 7T 1. at the Red Bull. broken (left) headlight 2.4. bad weather Listening 33 1F 2T 3T 4F 5T 7F 7F 4. or Baker Street Listening 31 3. 5. or football pitch (field). 1.

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