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Results of plagiarism analysis from 2017-05-28 03:09 UTC


Date: 2017-05-28 03:08 UTC

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2 pages, 978 words

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On long bridges or high columns required a more complex analysis to determine the
dynamics or quake behavior of a structure. One of the analysis used in this study
there are three methods, is Transverse Steel Damper Method, Shear Button Exterior
Method, and Method Parameters In the Seismic Response of Irregular Bridges. This
study compares these three methods to analyze and evaluate the comparison of
structural responses and the feasibility of the bridge system to the seismic
performance of the bridge. Assessment of seismic performance parameters on bridges
is an important procedure in the design process to find out the post-elastic or
inelastic behavior of the bridge structure.

1. Introduction
Seismology or seismic is the scientific study of earthquakes and the propagation of
elastic waves through the Earth. In areas with low seismic intensity, shear systems
are a common option. In particular, the anchor bolts that restrict the movement of
the bearings in the transverse direction under the service load are designed to
fail when the seismic forces exceed their design capacity. There are three methods
to withstand the seismic load of the design on the bridge. First method, is the
design for the proposed transverse seismic system (called the TSD seismic system)
consisting of TSD and conventional sliding pads is proposed. The seismic
performance of the TSD seismic system is analyzed and compared with conventional
sliding or fixed systems.
The Second Method is the exterior slide switch between the superstructure and the
substructure, is an important seismic component for small and medium span bridges,
is used to provide transverse support for the superstructure under earthquakes. The
main objectives of the exterior shear lock are: (1) to investigate the seismic
behavior and charge transfer mechanisms of the exterior shear locks under reverse
lateral loading, (2) to develop the proper reinforcing detailing and the
construction joints on the sliding barrier wall interfaces For sliding keys
Functioning as a structural fuse, and (3) developing an analytical model that can
accurately predict the load-displacement backbone behavior of exterior shear locks
with sliding shear failure modes and sliding friction failure modes.
The third method is characteristic analysis according to the general configuration
of irregular bridge having the most significant influence to the bridge response.
In the case of a framework of bridges with unbalanced stiffness, the relatively
large displacements between piers adjacent to inconsistent column heights were a
major factor affecting superstructure failure. One of the key steps to develop a
more reliable and realistic framework of the seismic fragility of irregular bridges
is the completion of a systematic sensitivity analysis to identify the parameters
of influential uncertainty associated with key responses. Regression analysis
combined with hypothesis testing is a popular approach that helps identify the
impact of the parameters involved in the response. Although the parameters chosen
in the previous study were selective and quantitative variables, this study
evaluated the effect of a more comprehensive list of parameter models, both
quantitative and qualitative using statistics.

2. Comparison of TSD Method, Exterior Shear Button, and Regression Analysis

Combined with Hypothesis Testing.

2.1 Method Transverse Steel Damper (TSD)

Transverse Steel Transverse Seismic System (Transverse Steel Release) with sliding
bearings. Pseudo statistical tests were performed on 4 TSD specimens for
verification of energy dissipation and displacement Capacity. The result of the
pseudo statistical test is that the TSD seismic system is able to balance the
relative displacement of transverse girders and substructure forces on seismic
excitation. TSD contributes to most of the capacity of dissipation. The TSD seismic
system is not sensitive to ground movement magnitudes (PGA) and site prices,
whereas the shear system is quite sensitive to it. TSD seismic system that can
improve long-term cable bridge seismic performance in the transverse direction. In
addition, the TSD seismic system can be used for suspension bridges, arch bridges
and continuous girder bridges. The main purpose of Damper's use on bridges is to
reduce wind-driven or vibration-induced traffic. Analysis of the advantages and
disadvantages of using dampers will show effectiveness in minimizing earthquake
2.2 Method Exterior Shear Button
The first test of failure observed during testing the sliding lock specimens It was
found that the sliding lock specimens with the monolithic construction joints
indicate diagonal shear failure and shear failure, which is determined by the ratio
of the back cross-sectional area of the horizontal gain to the vertical gain.
Second Test With the decrease in the vertical ratios of the specimen with a tough
construction joint, the carrying capacity of the maximum load decreased
significantly, and the rate of branch increase decreased. Specimens with durable
construction joints have a higher displacement ductility factor than specimens with
monolithic construction joints at the expense of a lower maximum lateral force. A
third test is to assess the shift spine displacement response developed to shift
the sliding shear and shear friction modes. Both of these analytic models can
predict the spine response of displacement forces from the sliding lock specimens.
This method is more to the exterior repair section of the abutment and stamp beam
on the bridge.
2.3 Method Parameters In the Seismic Response of Irregular Bridges
This study tested the parameters of influential irregular bridges by analyzing the
sensitivity of oblique columns, high columns, and unbalanced bridge frames. This is
advantageous because some parameters that describe irregular bridges are
categorical or can be easily classified in such a way as to facilitate the
development of databases of bridge characteristics. This method applies statistical
techniques to explicitly identify the most and least influential parameters in
bridge responses relating to columns, decks, foundations, abutments, bearings, and
shear keys. It was found that the irregularity parameter plays an important role in
estimating the seismic response for almost all scenarios. This method is more to a
statistical approach to identify significant parameters affecting the bridge to the
seismic response, the result is advantageous in informing regional seismic risk.