Early Islamic Arab First mosques were simple buildings Many features from byzantine church Kaaba(Sacred house)
made of wood
Large courts for congregational
prayers and a mihrab Columnar arches

Persian(1000- Iran Domes with colorful tiles, covering Great roads ,aqueducts and arches of Naqsh-e Jahan Square
1157 a.d) the exterior of the domes, as they the Roman Empire has been transformed
would on the interior. into the Byzantine
basilicas and Persian horseshoe
and pointed arches.

Moorish North Africa Muqarnas, crenellated arches,lancet -Horse shoe arches, domes, courtyard Great Mosque- Cordoba
arches, ogee arches, , and decorative
tile work, central fountain. -Close examination of the pillar capitals
reveal that they are recycled from earlier
buildings – both Roman and Germanic.

- Famous alternating red and
white voussoirs of the arches were
inspired by those in the Dome of the
Timurid (1370- Central Asia -Axial symmetry is a characteristic of all The style is largely derived from Persian
major Timurid structures architecture. Bibi khanum mosque
-Double domes of various shapes abound,
and the outsides are perfused with brilliant

-Have double-shell domes with a thick
outer dome and a thin inner dome.

-minarets in Tiumrid Architecture are
found with a round capping at the top,
decorated with turquoise & Blue colours.

The slender minarets with cupolas at Use of domes and minarets. was well as light and shadow. and stucco decorations. connecting square interior western architecture. transformed by the Ottomans through a dynamic architectural vocabulary of vaults. -The Ottomans mastered the technique of building vast inner spaces confined by seemingly weightless yet massive . Taj Mahal 1857) courtyards and Indian architecture -The bulbous domes Use of both hindu and Persian styles . architecture. Egypt -Expanding on the Fatimids concept of .Egypt the squinch. as with extensive decorations. Persian and Syrian- Arab designs. façade ornamentation with iconographic inscriptions.Four-centred keel arch and -Combined elements of eastern and Al. Fatimud(909– North . Mamluk(1215. -Massive portals of some mosques and their elaborate façades. the Mamluks developed their architecture -stucco work to enhance street vistas -Stone domes Mughal(1526. India -symmetrical nature of buildings and It was an amalgam of Islamic. domes. Hypostyle plan.Islamic religious architecture which domes.Azhar Mosque 1167 CE) Africa.the funerary dome and minaret Mosque of Al. where a central courtyard domes above mihrabs and qiblas. Byzantineand Coptic architecture and North African traditions -They typically had features such as portals that protrude from the wall.Ottoman (14-15th Turkey -Turkish architects implemented their -Obtained influence from Suleymania mosque century) own style of cupola domes Byzantine.Rifai 1570 A. the four corners . semidomes and columns. drawing on Abbasid volumes to the dome. and was surrounded by arcades.D) street-adjusted mosque facades. and achieving perfect harmony until then consisted of simple buildings between inner and outer spaces. Persian.

.Afro-Islamic Africa use of fractal scaling: small parts of Style highly influenced by muslim traders Great mosque of Djenne the structure tend to look similar to of the region larger parts Contemporary Pakistan lacking both the traditional domes The minarets borrow their design from and arches of most other mosques Turkish tradition and are thin and pencil Shah Faisal mosque.Islamabad around the world. like.