Consequences of Vatican II

Analysis of the Visit of JPII to the Synagogue of Rome

Is the Catholic Church Becoming
a Branch of the Synagogue?
Atila Sinke Guimarães

This analysis of John Paul II’s visit to the synagogue of Rome on April 13, 1986 is taken
from the non-published volume III of my 11-volume collection on Vatican II, Eli Eli,
Lamma Sabacthani?. Given that Benedict XVI will visit the synagogue of Cologne this
August, it seemed to me that these considerations on the 1986 visit could provide my
readers with some general lines that will probably also apply to the 2005 visit.

1. The symbolic-theological character of the visit
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John Paul II’s visit to the Jewsih synagogue of Rome had a character that was
substantially theological and should not be viewed as a merely "pastoral" act, as some
would like to present it in order to attenuate its gravity. Fr. Giuseppe de Rosa, S.J.,
affirmed its theological importance in an article in La Civiltà Cattolica commenting on
the event:

“The Pope’s meeting with the Hebrew community of Rome – which in
some way represented all the Hebrew communities in the world, at
least symbolically – has not only a ‘human’ content but also an
actual ‘theological’ one. It was the recognition – or better, the
confirmation, 20 years after Vatican II – of the ‘turnaround’ worked by
the Council regarding the Church’s theological approach to
Judaism.” (1)

With the symbolic theological visit, John Paul II clearly broke the tradition of the Holy
Church on treatment toward the Jewish religion. Quoting the Pontiff’s speech delivered
in the Hebrew temple, a commentator of La Civiltà Cattolica said exactly this:

“As for the 'historical’
character of the event, it lies
in the fact that this gesture
definitively closes an era in
the relations between
Christians and Jews and
opens a new one. What is
its real meaning? The
Pontiff himself said it when
he declared that 'following
the pontificate of John XXIII
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and Vatican Council II, this
meeting – upon which we
must not stop reflecting so
that it may provide us with
opportune teachings –
brings to an end, in some
Inside the synagogue, JPII bows his head to hear the words of rabbi
way, a long period.’ The ToaffLe Monde des Religions, November-December 2005
‘long period’ to which the
Pope refers covers the centuries of reciprocal aversion between Jews and Christians
.... The ‘long period’ of Christian anti-Semitism .... was closed with the pontificate of
John XXIII and Vatican Council II.” (2)

On the day of the visit, the Italian newspaper Il Giornale also emphasized the
importance of the event:

“No trip of this pilgrim Pope to any continent was so long as the one he
made today; the short distance between the Vatican palace and the
synagogue of Rome took two thousand years to cover.” (3)

Fr. Giovanni Caprile, S.J., a well-known chronicler of Vatican II, wrote:

“It was a truly historic event, the first and so far the only such visit in the life of
the Church and the Hebrew community since the time of St. Peter.” (4)

In Israel, the pontifical gesture was seen as "an unprecedented opening.” (5)

Also, the rabbis who greeted John Paul II did not hide their satisfaction at seeing the
Pontiff abandon the 2,000-year-old doctrinal position of the Church. On behalf of the
Jews, rabbi Giacomo Saban was the first to express his “satisfaction at seeing a
Roman Pontiff cross the threshold of a synagogue for the first time.” (6)
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the Church. however. raising the resounding applause of the Jews (8) in attendance: “An evaluation of the centuries-old cultural conditions could not. deliberately ignoring the doctrinal reasons that gave rise to them. Therefore. unjustified restrictions on religious liberty.. He also severely condemned previous attitudes of the Holy Church. the general opinion was that the gesture of John Paul II characterized a symbolic rejection of the former position of the Church. a gesture that will be recorded in History. based on profound historical-theological reasons. which. Yes. ‘deplores the hatred. in the words of the well-known Decree Nostra aetate (n. at the symbolic rejection of Catholic tradition. in my person. 4). always viewed the Jewish religion as an enemy of the Catholic Faith. Outright “condemnation” of the Church’s previous conduct John Paul II did not stop. chief rabbi of the Israelites of Rome. Elio Toaff. 2. This is what he solemnly and emphatically declared.. Doing . persecutions and all manifestations of anti-Semitism directed against the Hebrews at all times and by whomsoever. manifested a similar joy: “As chief rabbi of this community . once again.’” (9) open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. and oppression against the Hebrews in the sphere of civil liberty were objectively gravely deplorable things. however. prevent us from recognizing that the acts of discrimination.” (7).’ I repeat: ‘by whomsoever.. he acted as if religious opposition between Catholics and Jews were nothing more than an emotional phenomenon. I want to express my intense satisfaction with the gesture that you longed for and today made a reality by coming for the first time in the History of the Church to visit a synagogue.

cf. wise stance on the Jewish question. wrote that unrestricted liberty should not be granted to the Jews because of the frequent offenses they made against the Faith. IX. in defense of the Faith. Theodoricus and Theodebertus. Who does John Paul II’s outright condemnation ultimately include? First. and Saints who combated Judaism or left behind writings condemning its errors. regarding Judaism. (10) In a letter to the Frankish Kings. she rebuked them for the crime of Deicide. Gregory the Great (590-604). members of the Body of Christ. and prescribed the following: * St. and to Queen Bruhilda. enemies of Christ. Thus. Doctors. it takes in the innumerable Popes who justly condemned the Jews. John Paul II’s anathema encompasses the whole Church – “whomsoever” – in over 2. it includes the great number of Fathers. XXV. should never be trampled upon by Jews. Popes “condemned” by John Paul II Over the centuries. in Epistulae (VIII. she prevented the Jews from being mistreated and she allowed their religion to be practiced in private. Therefore.000 years of History – “at all times. fought against Judaism. numerous Popes . exhorted them to repent. the Saint reminded them that Christians. LV). On the one hand. the Church has never changed her firm. it also encompasses all Catholics in History who. condemned. and isolated them in order to prevent them from perverting Catholics. Then. as well as the numerous Councils that did the same. faced with the impossibility of converting them.” A. Finally. however. (11) open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. in their footsteps. On the other hand.

Gregory IX (1227-1241) wrote to the Western Bishops and Sovereigns ordering all copies of the Jewish book to be confiscated. Germany. the book open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. (12) * Leo VII (936-939) authorized Archbishop Frederic of Moguncia. * Honorius I (625-638) urged the VI Council of Toledo. At the request of the Jews. to expel the Jews from the city. after receiving a report compiled by Nicolas Donin. a converted Jew from La Rochelle. He appointed William of Auvergne. Bishop of Paris. that showed 35 articles in the Talmud insulting the Catholic Faith. Once examined. (13) * In a letter of January 17. to make an investigation on the matter. (14) Innocent III (1198- 1216) lamented that feudal lords were employing Jews as “ministers of their extortions” because they exploited Christians through Cardinal Ratzinger in a friendly pose with rabbi Sirat at the International the practice of usury. February 1994 * In 1239. (15) Jewish-Christian Conference at Jerusalem in 1994 30 Dias. given the constant attacks they launched against the Catholics. the Talmud was condemned and copies of it were burnt publicly in Paris in 1242. held in . 1208 addressed to the Count of Nevers. France. to act forcefully regarding the danger the Jews represented for the Catholic Faith.

The wall has finally been removed. and now one can clearly see the reptiles. 1285. copies of it were burnt publicly in Paris in 1242. 5). Eugene IV (1431-1447) prohibited the Jews not only from living with Christians. the errors.” (17) * Innocent IV (1243-1254) ordered the Talmud to be burned because it was filled with errors and blasphemies. (20) * In the Bull Nimis in partibus anglicanis of November 18. At the request of the Jews. 1442. (16) In the work Excerpta talmudica [Excerpts from the Talmud]. (18) In the Bull Sicut tua nobis of July 23. as the Third Lateran Council had already established (Decree V. the book was examined again in 1248 and definitively condemned by William of Auvergne and the masters of theology from Paris. he authorized the Archbishop of Vienna to expel the Jews from his Diocese on account of their actions against the Catholic Faith and their disobedience of Church statutes. 1254. VI. (21) * John XXII (1316-1334) again condemned the errors of the Talmud in the Bull Dudum felicis recordationis of September 4. (23) open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. (22) * In the Bull Dudum ad nostram of August 8. 1320. Clement IV (1265-1268) also condemned the Talmud. but also from living among . Albert the Great. Honorius IV (1285- 1287) took the same attitude as his predecessors regarding the Talmud. given the continuous blasphemies and attacks of the Jews against the Catholic Faith. the abominable idols that the house of Israel adores. among them St. blasphemies. one reads: “By a secret design of Divine Providence. (19) * In the Bull Damnabili perfídia of July 15. and outrages contained in the Talmud had hitherto escaped the attention of the Doctors of the Church. 1267. written to justify the condemnation.

The dog is worth more than the non-Jews. in addition to other measures aimed at protecting the faithful from dangers to the Faith resulting from living with Jews.. he acted in a particularly severe fashion in “5. of May 31. Only the Jews are men. Jews live in a state of continuous war with the other peoples. 1484. Sixtus IV (1471-1484) ordered that Jews and Muslins in Spanish lands should live separate from Christians.. obliged several commentaries on Judaism made by the most expressive rabbis throughout History. should wear different clothing. He was. * Nicholas V (1447-1455).com . Venice. times to take action against abuses practiced by them. The souls of the non-Jews open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. 1518. but asses. surpassed only recognized by Hebrew by that of the Torah. definitive. The souls of Jews have the privilege of being part of God Jews had published a book himself.. the Old Testament. Venice. Calixtus III (1455-1458). Leo X (1513-1521) was known Statements from the Talmud for his goodness toward the The Talmud is considered one of the most important books of the Jews. incidentally. laws. is Jewish religion. but it is only the addressed to the Nuncio of Christians who will not participate in this grace. The Talmud contains the doctrines. because they descend from the devil .. (26) they will be completely annihilated. The and burning of talmudic non-Jews are not only dogs. and nevertheless. The following are some of the statements contained in the Talmud: When he learned that the “1. (25) * During his pontificate. The souls of the other peoples of the earth come from the against the Catholic Faith in devil and are similar to those of animals . It wields a great influence on Jews. (24) * In the Bull Intenta semper salutis. As they await the coming of the Messiah. When the victory is his Brief of May 25. and Paul II (1464-1471) reenacted or renewed the decisions of their predecessors. the peoples will accept the Jewish faith.. and should not have Christian maids or servants in their houses. which. * Julius III (1550-1555) “8. the other peoples are no more than approved the confiscation types of animals. the work that contains the principal books of historians. On the contrary..

Israelites of Rome and other cities in the Pontifical States “24. even should it be an alms.... Annihilate the best of the non-Jews. It is prohibited for the Jew to praise the learning or virtue of a do the same. should * Paul IV (1555-1559) be killed. The non-Jews were only created to serve the Jews day and 12.. particularly the followers of open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. It is just to exterminate established that there should every heretic [that is. Whoever loves a Christian would hate his own creator . defend the integrity of the “19. It is not just to use mercy toward enemies . we should Christians in their own not save him. also authorized the edict of the Inquisition of September “9.. Maimonides counsels giving death wounds to every neighborhood. the Pope ordered the Jews “11.. “17. without deviating from their service. To despoil a pagan [that is... (27) peoples to the Jews. of May 29. 1555. On the contrary. A non-Jew who robs a Jew. night. Take the life of the most the Pope ordered the honest of the idolaters. The Jews can be hypocritical with the non-Jew . to hand over all their books “14... be only one synagogue per city and that Jews could not “Those who deny the teaching of Israel.. In the Bull Cum Christian. we should cover the pit with a stone and try to prevent any measure that he might employ to get out. You can deceive an outsider and practice usury against him Faith and prevent the Jews . “23. whoever sheds the blood of the impious offers a sacrifice to God .. and Inquisitors to “10. In the Bull Cum nimis “21. containing blasphemies or insults against Our Lord “16. He also non-Jew when this lies within our powers. to live separate from When we see him fall into a river or in danger of death. it is permitted for Jews to do evil to non- enacted severe measures to Jews.. l554.... He come from the impure spirit and the souls of Israel come from the spirit of God. God granted all power over the goods and the blood of other Jesus Christ. from dominating Catholics. a non-Jew] is allowed . non-Jew] with your own hand.. and burning of talmudic books by the Inquisition. If a pagan falls into a pit. Bishops. 1553 ordering Princes. sicut nupe. absurdum of July 14.

St. write dishonest killed the entire world . 3.” (33) By a decree of February 26. the Jews spied for the Muslims and supported their plans of conquest that endangered all Christendom. if this is not . Delassus. work the Nazarene. how hostile it is to those who carry the name of Christians. should be killed and it is always a good work to in public on Catholic feast execute them. the Pontiff ordered the destruction of the talmudic and anti-Catholic books of the Jews. But whoever kills a soul of Israel will be judged as if he had days. La conjuration contracts. in addition to the mentioned crimes. (31) * In the Bull Hebraeorum gens of February 26. we consider as known and proven how offensively this perverse generation [the Jews] offends the name of Christ. Pius V expelled the Jews from the Pontifical States.. sorcery and witchcraft. particularly the followers of have Catholic servants.000 escudos to annul the Bull. (28) antichrétienne. even making attempts against their lives. theft.” (32) In that bull St.. 1569. and soliciting for prostitution. He closes his bull with these words: “Finally. 1569. receiving stolen goods. (34) In this Brief. (29) Along with other measures. etc. (30) * Pius IV (1560-1565) in 1564 placed the Talmud on the Index librorum prohibitorum [Index of forbidden books] and prohibited books interpreting.. St.” (apud H. since. pp. Pius V (1566-1572) expressly condemned the Jews who dedicated themselves to the practice of “divination. he said: “We know that this most perverse people have always been the open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. we should try to cause their deaths. “Those who deny the teaching of Israel. vol. Pius V also accused the Jews of other crimes such as usury. sortilege. commenting or expounding on it. 1125-1128) The Jews attempted to bribe Paul IV by offering him 40.

i. Gregory XIII (1572-1585) warned the faithful and religious authorities against the false conversions of Jews as a means to infiltrate the Catholic Church. 1581. On June 4. One of the most remarkable conversions he achieved was that of the chief-rabbi of Rome. j. when they speak blasphemies against Our Lord and Our Lady. when they disseminate heretical books. when they teach Catholics to do the same. (36) * In the Brief of May 27. (38) In the Brief of February 28. the Pontiff established these conditions for when Jews must be submitted to the vigilance of the Inquisition: a. d. 1581. they crucify a lamb – principally on Good- Friday – and then spit on it and spew it with insults. when they attack Catholic dogmas. c. b.” (35) To this vigilant energy against the Jewish perfidy. cause and seed-bag of almost all the heresies. St. g. when they try to induce Catholics to abandon their Faith. Pius V added his zealous desire for their conversion. when they oblige Catholic wet-nurses to pour their milk into the toilettes and sewers after they have received the Eucharist. f. h. 1566. they solemnly received Baptism at St. Peter’s Basilica in the presence of the Sacred College of Cardinals and a multitude of the faithful. 1581. when they consciously favor heretics. the Pope reaffirmed the prohibition against Jewish physicians tending to Catholic patients. in disdain for Our Lord. (37) In the Bull Antiqua Judeorum improbitas of June . Elias. e. when they forbid a Jew or an infidel to convert. when they invoke devils or offer sacrifices to them. followed by the conversions of his three sons and one grandson. when. (39) open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd.

(47) Other Bulls and Decrees B. In 1592 Clement VIII re-established the preaching of sermons aimed at the conversion of the Jews and. Pius X (1903- 1914) warmly praised the classic work of Msgr. St. with the exception of the cities of Rome. 1593. (42) * Urban VIII (1623-1644) sent a Brief to the King of Spain on January 15. published on March 27. Henri Delassus. Benedict XIV (1740-1758) signed and promulgated a document reaffirming the cautionary measures regarding the Talmud taken by the Popes since Innocent IV. Pius V expelling them from the States of the Church. which exposes the conspiracy of Judaism and Freemasonry against the Catholic Church and Christian Civilization. (44) * In October 1775 (45) and January 1793 (46). published in various collections open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. La conjuration antichrétinne [The anti-Christian Conspiracy]. Pius VI (1775-1799) published two edicts confirming the directives of Benedict XIV regarding the Jews. (40) Clement VIII (1592-1605) proscribed talmudic and cabalistic books. as well as works written in Hebrew containing errors. (43) * On September 15. and Avignon. in the Bull Caeca et obdurata of January 25. reiterated the decrees of Paul IV and St. Ancona. 1596. at the same time. Councils There are still many other Bulls of Popes and Decrees of Roman “condemned” by John Congregations regarding the Jews. 1628 opposing the crime of usury practiced by the Jews of Portugal. 1593. Cardinal Merry del Val. * In the Bull Cum Hebraeorum of February 28. . (41) The prohibition contained in this bull was included as a norm in the Index. * Through a letter by his Secretary of State.

which number in the hundreds. * These prohibitions were * M. 410-423 (analyzes 84 sitting at the table with documents). 2nd ed. held at the end of * L. in L’Université Hebrews. Vernet presents copious documentation on this topic. II. 13. Urk undliche Beitrãge über die Stellung der Pãpste zu confirmed and renewed by den Juden. V. 6. 2 volumes. 29-43 (about the Orleans (530. The first volume contains the Councils of Laodicea the documents by Martin V and his successors.. the second covers (4th century). Agda (506). Diocletian’s persecution pp. 10- issued at the Roman 15. 1892. 267-323. pp. vol. and Popes who preceded Martin V). XXVIII. 1735-1736). Rodocanachi. siècle. Paris. in and by the three Councils of Römische Quartalschrift. open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. 1899. Prompta bibliotheca canonica. 2. also included in the radical “anathema” that John Paul II * Corpus juris canonici. Epaona (517) • K. IV. vol. pp. documents from Innocent III to Innocent IV. I. (48) Catholique. 1782. Gratiani. pp. Iª. 51. Kiel. 93. XIV. Venice. Zu dem Verhalten der Pãpste gegen die Juden. (302). 1896. Sextus Decretal. 94. vol. 3. Congregations regarding the Jews. In Juifs et chrétiens (cols. 208-37 (summarizes a large number of Constitutions by Popes against the Christians. transcribed here for readers who may The following councils were be interested in learning more on the matter. 1.. 13. Jews. I. and the Roman Congregations). V. IV. Vernet. Le Pape Martin V et les Juifs. VI. Stern. F. and other works). Bullarium magnum. Lyon. includes 16 Bulls on the topic. Rome. 12-18. LIV. A. vol. IIIq. vol. 191196 (summarizes 38 Bulls published in the Bullarium * The Council of Elvira Romanum. Paris. Vannes (465).com . published in various collections Paul II and monographs.. Decret. 98 and Septiumus Decretal. XLV. undated. 21. pp. in Révue des Questions prohibited Christians from Historiques. Pontificiarum constitutionum epitome. 1772. Eubel. (49) * Constant. Venice. 5. and Papes et Juifs au XIe. 1893-1895. Decretal. issued a canon that forbade * E. Les Juifs devant l’Eglise et l’Histoire. synagogue: Guerra. pp. Ferraris. Le Saint Siège et les Juifs. 541). 73-86 (analyzes documents from the Formularium of Marin d’Eboli regarding the Jews). Paris. another canon * F. 1891. pp. 533. 17. V. Christians from giving their 322-29 (gives an overall picture of the main Bulls relating to the daughters in marriage to Jews).

stated that the sons of Jews who had falsely converted and then returned to Judaism should be educated in Catholic monasteries. see: them return to their vomit. the above-mentioned Council of Agda set down a * A. 1-60. it also ratified the measures adopted by King Sisenando regarding the Jews. . E. whether civil or military. in series of precautions to be Das Judenthum und seine Geschichte. (III. Paris. vol. (581) enjoined Jews from Geschichte der Juden in Rom. 93). Vogelstaein .” F. 1886. 264-68. 1894. vol. Natali. 1880. 12. D. Le ghetto et les Juifs de Rome. Berlin.IV. vol. 1663. see: L. “whose perfidy often makes About the Church and the Jews in the Pontifical States. (51) des Papes à Avignon. Paris. Paris. in Promenades en (50) Italie. issued open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. pp. * Gregoire des Rives. 2. Epitome canonum conciliorum.P. 2 vols. to impose penalties on Condition civile des Juifs du Comptat-Venaissin pendant le séjour Christians. Gregorovius. 1891. de Maulde. In a canon repeated in the Decree of Gratian. Paris. Il ghetto di Roma. (52) * The Council of Paris (614) sustained the prohibition against giving Jews public posts. Regensburg. Geiger. canon 3. 2nd ed. Bardinet. Frank.Le ghetto à Rome.. H. taken before baptizing Jews.. pp. A. Rieger. pp. 1887. pp. in Révue Historique. R. Das Verhalten der Kirche gegen das Judenthum. Berliner. canon 59. 267-323. Rodocanachi. 1. 1-47. the Council of Siège au Moyen Âge. Rome. Frankfurt. holding posts allowing them On the Church and the Jews of Avignon. Geschichte der Juden in * The Council of Mâcon Rom. includes 16 Bulls on the topic. Breslau. (54) * The Sixth Council of Toledo (638). Le Saint Siège et les Juifs . E. F. as well as numerous articles in Révue des Études Juives. (53) * The Fourth Council of Toledo (633). Les Juifs dans les Etats français du Saint- * In canon 14. Dir Kirche und die Juden. 1893. Lyon. 1893. Toledo (589) barred Jews from taking Christian women as wives. 3 vols. 1870.

reaffirming former mission. * The Sixth Council of Toledo (638). received testimonies of Jews against Christians and not of Christians against Jews. (61) * The Fourth Council of Avignon (1209) forbade Christians from dealing with Jews in financial matters. open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. It is another evidence of Our Lord Jesus Christ's unique * The Council of Metz (888).com . a sham messiah. proscriptions in canon 7. According to some Catholic moralists of the 18th century. servants. December 2001 forbade wealthy Hebrews to take Christian nursemaids and slaves into their service. issued stern words against the Jews. and nursemaids. depending on the circumstances. Jacob Frank. (60) It also anathematized those who. * The Third Ecumenical Council of Lateran (1179) 30 Giorni. (58) The Jews record a long string of false messiahs. preferring Jews to Christians. canon 3. Sabbatai Zevi. (59) Above. (55) * The Seventeenth Council of Toledo (694) was held to analyze a plot aiming to install a kind of Judaism in Spain under the appearance of the Catholic Religion. Below. to violate these prescriptions could constitute a mortal sin. (56) * Other Councils also forbade Catholics from hiring Jewish physicians. (57) * The Second Ecumenical Council of Nicea (787) denounced the false conversions of Jews. another one. prohibited Christians from taking meals with Jews.

According to J. condemned usurious Jewish money-lenders and prohibited Christians from engaging in commerce with them. habitually profaned by Jews. albeit claiming to have converted to the Catholic Faith. canon 70 condemned the Jews who. Menachen Schneerson from Catholic ranks and committed crimes that would Brooklin. since. (63) * The Council of Narbonne (1227) established that Jews should wear a distinguishing mark in the shape of a small circle. (64) the circle symbolized the Host. Canon 69 reaffirmed the prohibition of the Council of Toledo regarding Jews holding public posts. 1994 have been difficult or impossible to carry out if there without fullfilling his supposed had been a suspicion or it was clearly known that mission they were Jews. . continued to practice rites of the Hebrew religion. NY. canons 3 and 4 impose the threat of excommunication for such dealings. Levi in an article in the Révue des Études Juives. This emblem was adopted to be worn by the Jews everywhere except Spain. The Popes proposed such a symbol in order to distinguish Jews from Christians. (62) * The Fourth Ecumenical Lateran Council (1215). the Jews have infiltrated Above. a contemporary "messiah" who died June 12. and also forbade them from appearing in public on Good Friday to prevent them from mocking the Christians with their festive dress. “favored by confusion.” (65) open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. canon 67. Canon 68 ordered Jews to wear clothing that would distinguish them from Catholics.

Doctors. They are also included in John Paul II’s “anathema”: * From the Origin of Christianity to the Edict of Milan (313) St. Basil of Seleucia. Gregory of Nissa. Novaciano. St. Isidore of Pelusa. Artapanus [a converted Jew]. Corriere della Sera. John Crysostom. Irenaeus. St. Evagrius. Fathers. St. In the West: St. Tertullian. (67) * From 313 to 1100 In the East: Eusebius. Also St. (66) C. Theodoretus of Cyrus. St. De cibis Judaicis. Sidonius Apollinarius. Altercatio Simionis Judaei et Theophili Christiani. De solemnitatibus sabbatis et neomeniis. Leo the Great. Ariston de Pella. and Catholic writers “condemned” by John Paul II The following authors – a list including Doctors of the Church – criticized the Jewish onslaught against the Catholic Faith. Saints. Justin. Dialogus cum Tryphone. Commodian. Eusebius of Emesa. Theodore Abucara. Leontius of Naples in Cyprus. St. Ephrem. St. Testimonia ad Quirinus. Anastasius of Sinai. among other measures. Zephirus. Cyril of . Cyprian. Celsus. July 3. Stephan of Bostra. Mistiades. St. De altercatione Ecclesiae et synagogae open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. De montibus Sina et Sion and Adversus Judaeos. St. 1992 * The Ecumenical Council of Basel (1434). Adversus Judaeos. St. St. required the Jews to listen to Christian preachers and prohibited Catholics from participating in Jewish feasts. Origen. Pseudo-Cyprian. Serarius of Antioch. Theodotus of Ancyra. Jerome of Jerusalem. Ad Vigilium Episcopum de Judaica incredulitate.

com . Albert the Great. St. * From 1100 to 1500 Odon of Cambray. Pugio Fidei adversus Mauros et Judaeos. Ambrose. Paulo Alvares de Cordoba. Fulbert de Chartres. Book II. De Judaicis superstitionibus. Rabano Mauro. Maximus of Turin. Stephan Bodiker. Bishop of Brandenburg. Antonin of Florence. Cassiodore.5-6. Gilbert Crispin. Rupert de Deutz. De regimine Judaeorum ad ducissam Brabantiae. Alain de Lille. Gautier de Chatillon and Baudoin de Valenciennes. Victor Porchetto de Selvatici. St. St. St. De Fide Catholica. Peter George Schwartz. De Emmanuele. Severus of Minorca. De aeterna temporalique Christi generatione. III. Julian of Toledo. a. Contra Judaeos. St. Peter Damian. Bernard Oliver. etc. Pedro de Brutis. St. Inguetto Contard. Dialogus discipulorum Emauntinorum cum Peregrino. Summa Theologiae. St. Agobard of Lyon. IV. Gregory the Great. Several Jewish writers who open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. Peter the Venerable. Victoriae adversus Judaeos. St. Jerome. St. De Fide Catholica ex Veteri et Novo Testamento contra Judaeos and Adversus quinque haereses. St. Richard de Saint-Victor. Isidore of Seville. Lauterio de Batineis. dialogus. St. St. Ildefonso of Toledo. Raymond Martin. Jean de Baconthorpe. Juan de Torquemada. St. Thomas Aquinas. Guibert de Nogent. Bruno of Würzburg. Amolon of Lyon. De insolentia Judaeorum.47. Paul of Venice. Nicolas de Lire. St. X. Augustine. William of Auvergne. Paulo Morosini. De Fide Catholica contra Judaeos. Adversus Judaeorum inveteratam duritiam. q.

Grotius. Juifs. 1984. Santa Maria.. Discours sur l’Histoire open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. Samuel de Fez. "It is a meeting of brothers. P. 535- 572). Du Plessis-Mornay. etc. De veritate Religione Christianae. Charron. Paul de Bonnefoy. De adventu Messiae (PL 149. De veritate Fidei Christianae. Guillaume de Bourges. idolâtres.. De sua conversione (PL 1. H. Alphonso de Spina. Several Jewish writers who converted to the Catholic Faith have also pointed out the errors of the Synagogue: R. 337-368). Pedro de la Caballeria. Vives. On March 22.157.170. Hermann (Judas of Colon). Zelus Christi. Pedro Alfonso. Fortalitium Fidei. Dialogi (PL 1. 805-836). P.. Les trois vérités contre tous les athé . Traité de la verité de la Religion Chrétienne. L. Paul Christiani and Jerome de Santa Fe. a smiling John Paul II received representatives of the Paulo de Burges or de Jewish organization B'nai B'rith of New York. Tractatus contra Judaeorum perfidiam. Scrutinium Scripturarum. * From 1500 to our days I cite below only a few of the most consequential works from the vast number of writings attesting to the Jewish perfidy against the Church: J. Bossuet. Liber Fidei." he told them.

Bibliotheca magna . 3. The previous Canon Law was also “condemned” by John Paul II The prescriptions set out in past Canon Law about the Jews. P. Catholic women are particularly forbidden from accepting employment as breast-feeding nursemaids in Jewish homes. La splendeur Catholique – du Judaïsme à l’Eglise. Catholics are forbidden to go to Jewish doctors and use medicines prepared by Jewish hands. (68) D. "Fall to your knees before the Jews" This is the imperative order Cardinal Carlo Martini open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. Bauer. Le Judaïsme comme preuve du Christianisme. Jews may neither have Catholic slaves nor employ Catholic maids for their houses or families. Catholics are forbidden to accept permanent paid employment in Jewish homes. Catholics are forbidden. J. J. Lettres d’un rabin converti aux Israélites ses frères. M." can be summarized as follow: 1. to live with Jews. Bartolocci. In case of illness. P. 2. under pain of excommunication. L. which John Paul II would have also included in his "anathema. B. Loewengard. 4. Drach. Universelle.

000-year-old teaching of the Catholic Church . Doctors. Councils. its deliberate opposition to the Magisterium of the Church would seem to define a rupture in that teaching. open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. Jews should be barred from of Milan issued to Catholics. As he cast his anathema in his Allocution. September 24. 1997 them authority over Catholics.. Catholics are forbidden to attend Jewish weddings and take part in their feasts. Conclusion These countless Popes.” (70) Now then. Rather. as well as the ensemble of her past Canon Law dealing with the . the 22-year-old “tradition” of the Council and the single example of Pope John XXIII hardly carries the weight to bring into question the 2. and Saints of the Catholic Church.. This is the imperative order Cardinal Carlo Martini 5. 7. (69) E.” as he himself noted. An attitude diametrically holding public posts that would give opposed to the 2. John Paul II invoked a very recent “tradition.. who passing by here [the synagogue] one time . stopped his car in order to bless the throng of Jews who were leaving this very Temple. 6. Regarding the latter. that of Vatican Council II with its Declaration Nostra aetate.000-year-old tradition of Catholic teaching.La Repubblica. John Paul II asserted: “The inheritance that I now want to have recourse to is precisely that of Pope John. Catholics may not invite Jews for meals nor accept invitations from them. were all supposed to be 'excommunicated' by John Paul II when he affirmed that “whomsoever” had combated the Jews “at all times” would be at fault. and the example of John XXIII. Fathers.

Here is the nucleus of the papal speech: “Today’s visit is intended to make a decisive contribution to the restructuring of good relations between our two communities. went to the synagogue and. and with Jews individually. The decisive turnaround in relations between the Catholic Church and Judaism. which for serious reasons of a theological nature was vigilant for 2. without even alluding to the ancient errors of the Jews. began to defend them and condemn the prior conduct and constant teaching of the Church on the matter? 3. one must look closely at the Allocution he delivered there. 4 of Nostra aetate. Analysis of John Paul II’s allocution to the Jews To analyze the profound meaning of the Pontiff’s visit to the synagogue. Facing this patent contradiction. about relations between the Church and non-Christian . ignoring that wise rationale. In this case. (71) which I just referred to. following the examples given by so many men and women from both parties who were and still are earnestly committed to overcome the old prejudices and allow for the ever fuller recognition of that ‘bond’ and ‘common spiritual heritage’ existing between Jews and Christians. “We all are aware that three points stand out especially among the many riches of this n. took place with this brief but incisive paragraph. a faithful Catholic is obliged to ask: Who is right? Is it the Church. “This is the wish already expressed in the fourth paragraph of the conciliar Declaration Nostra aetate. John Paul II clearly appeared to break with a tradition of the Ordinary Pontifical Magisterium.000 years against the enmity of the synagogue? Or is it John Paul II who. I would like to emphasize them here open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd.

before you, in these truly unique circumstances.

“The first is that the Church of Christ discovers her ‘link’ with Judaism
by ‘sounding the depths of her own mystery.’ (72) The Hebrew
religion is not ‘extrinsic’ to us, but is somehow ‘intrinsic’ to our
religion. We have, therefore, relations with it that we do not have with
any other religion. You are our beloved brothers and in a certain way
one could say, our older brothers.

“The second point stressed by the Council is that no atavistic or collective
guilt can be attributed to the Jews as a people for ‘that which was
done in the Passion of Jesus’ (73) – to neither the Jews of that time,
nor those who came later, nor those of today. Therefore, the
pretended theological justification of discriminatory or persecutory
measures is inconsistent. The Lord will judge each one - whether he be
Jews or Christians - ‘according to his own works’ (Rom. 2:6).

“The third point in the conciliar Declaration that I want to underscore is a
consequence of the second: it is not licit to say .... that the Jews are
‘reprobates or accursed,’ as though this were taught by or could be
deduced from Sacred Scriptures (74) and the Old or New
Testaments. This was already stated in the same passage of Nostra
aetate and also in the Dogmatic Constitution Lumen gentium (n. 6)....

“Upon these convictions we support our present relations. On the
occasion of this visit to your synagogue, I want to reaffirm and
proclaim their perennial value. This is, therefore, the meaning that
should be attributed to my visit to you, Jews of Rome.” (74)

Let me analyze the main statements of John Paul II, emphasized above in bold.
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A. “Decisive contribution” to “overcome the old prejudices”

What did John Paul II mean by “old prejudices” when he said that he was following the
example of those who were committed to overcome the old prejudices? To better
understand the underlying thinking of the Pontiff, I will begin by looking at the various
possible meanings of this expression.

a. Racial prejudice?

He certainly did not intend to liken
the Church’s previous anti-Jewish
condemnations to the spurious
Nazi theories of racial prejudice.
The elevated religious motivation
upon which the Church of Our Lord
based her opposition to the
followers of Anas and Caiphas
simply does not permit any kind of
analogy with Nazi racism. Even
those enthused with that papal visit
have discarded such an absurd
hypothesis. For example in an
article in La Civiltà Cattolica, Fr. de
Rosa said:

“This ‘long period’ of
On April 7, 1994, John Paul II promoted an outdoor concert of
Christian anti-Semitism – Jewish singers at St. Peter's Square. The pretext was to remember
which was based primarily on the victims of the Nazi persecution. On one side of the Pope was

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the victims of the Nazi persecution. On one side of the Pope was
religious motives and should chief-rabbi Toaff in a place of honor symetrical to Italian
not be confounded with president Scalfaro. - Corriere della Sera, April 8, 1994
modern anti-Semitism which, having culminated in the ‘holocaust,’(75) was
caused by economic, nationalist, and racist motives rather than religious
ones, even if it may have taken advantage of the latter – ended with the
pontificate of John XXIII and Vatican Council II.” (76)

b. Temperamental or emotional prejudices?

Having discarded out of hand the hypothesis that the “old prejudices” had a racial
character, one could ask whether John Paul II was referring to some temperamental or
emotional prejudice in the Catholic Church against the Jews, unconnected to matters of

History has objectively recorded the facts that took place in the relations between the
Catholic Church and the Synagogue. And even though such facts may displease the
progressivist current, this does not change their essence. “Historia vero testis
temporum, lux veritatis, vita memoriae, magistra vitae, nuntia vetustatis.” [History is
the witness of all times, the light of truth, the life of memory, the mistress of life, the
messenger of antiquity.] (77)

Analyzing the facts of History, one finds more “old prejudices” of Jews against Catholics
rather than the contrary. The constant hatred of Jews for Catholics generated direct and
indirect persecutions of Jews against Catholics. Let me set out some facts recorded by
History of persecutions of both types.

* Direct persecutions of the Jews against Catholics

* The Jews never ceased to plot against the Catholic Faith since the crime of Deicide. It

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open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. with the fall of Jerusalem to the troops of Vespasian and Titus. they persecuted him with calumnies and instigated revolts against him (Acts 13:50. Peter (Acts 12:3). they dragged him out of the city in order to kill him. 17:5). Stephen (Acts 7:54-58). who. Rome was burned in the year 64 AD. (79) * Since the year 70 AD. * St. and beheading St. (80) * In the years 132-135. the writings of the rabbis became more and more violent and hostile toward Christians. But those who profited were mainly the Jews who held sway over the Emperor. After the conversion of St. James the Greater (Acts 12:1-2). to rescue him from the hands of the infuriated Jews at Jerusalem. 2:14). (78) The fire served as a pretext to set off the bloody persecutions of the pagan Emperors against the first Christians. the local Jews tried to drown her in the blood of the first Christians. Paul himself bears witness to this radical hatred directed against him when he wrote that the Jews “never ceased to combat the Church of Jesus Christ” (I Thes. The Apostle of the Gentiles was saved by the pagan tribune Lysias. ordered him flogged and sent him under a guard to Caesarea (Acts 24:7). was they who instigated the first persecution against the Church in Jerusalem by arresting . stoning to death St. They ordered the Apostles to be whipped (Acts 5:40) and stirred up Saul against the disciples (Acts 8:3). The mystery over whether it was Jews or pagans who ordered the burning of Rome during the reign of Nero is debated even to this day. In the year 65 in Jerusalem. Paul. * As soon as the nascent Church had begun to rise up in Rome.

Simonino from the list of Saints. Simon of who incited massacres of Trent. Trever. According to the was kidnapped and murdered in Trent by seven Jews in a religious ritual Letter of the Church of during their Pesah in 1475. Moguncia. the Pope Sixtus V allowed a special Divine Office and Mass in honor of St. In 1588 written by the faithful. the Jews were A woodcraft from the Diocesan Museum of Trent representing a group of almost always among those Jews inflicting tortures on St. (82) * In the era of the Church of the Martyrs. (81) Throughout the Empire the synagogues became focal points of the persecution. or St. According to reliable historic documents. Simonino Unverdorben. and Lincoln. Jews played an important Simonino. the Christians were brutally tormented by the henchmen of this false messiah. Simonino. Polycarp In 1584 St. martyrdom of St. a child of 30 months. Lublin. open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out Notwithstanding. Peter where it still . This fact is expressed in the famous saying of Tertullian: “Synagogae Judaeorum fontes persecutionum” [The synagogue of the Jews is the source of the persecutions]. * In the years 132-135. and transported to the Church of St. 13). Simonino was introduced into the Roman martyrology. during the insurrection of the Jews of Jerusalem led by Simon Barcochba against the Roman power. the HTML to PDF API the cult of the little saint continues to be very popular in pdfcrowd. The mutilated body of the child was found in a Smyrna (chapters 12 and sewer. a chronicle of the Similar ritual killings of children by Jews occured in Cologne. In 1965 Paul VI removed St. Christians.

role in bringing about the Notwithstanding. (88) * Eusebius related how Emperor Constantine the Great.” (84) * During the persecution by Decius in 250. St. (86) * In his work Contra Celsum (VI. was another illustrious victim of Jewish hatred in the early years of the Church. 155. Calixtus. “These people have already lived too long!” they shouted. October 1991 execution of St. Gregory Nazianzen said that the Jews’ centuries-old hatred for Christians was what motivated them to assist the tyrant. According to him. Calixtus had made some unsuccessful business deals on behalf of his master and sought the help of his creditors. . XXVII).Historia. and “as was their custom. the unruly rabble hastened to gather the wood for the . the Jews were the ones who spread the rumor that Christians ate beheaded children in their nightly meetings in the Catacombs. Pionius and his companions Sabina and Asclepiades were sent before the judge on the anniversary of the martyrdom of St. Origen confidently stated that the Jews gave rise to the calumnies that were so ominously fateful to Christians. Polycarp. St. some Jews. the day of the great Sabbath. Polycarp. the cult of the little saint continues to be very popular in Trent. in a letter about the celebration open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. Pope from 217 to 222. A large number of Jews came to demand the death of the Christians who refused to apostatize. A former slave. The prefect had him scourged and condemned him to forced labor in the mines of Sardinia. (83) carried out on February 23. also in Smyrna. among them. (85) * St. St. (87) * Julian the Apostate found his best allies in the Jews during his war against Our Lord Jesus Christ. When the Bishop- martyr was condemned to be burned. the Jews were the ones who showed the greatest eagerness in this task. The latter denounced him as a Christian to the pagan authority.

Simeon-bar-Sabae.” according to the Acts of St. A symptomatic event took place in the year 523. massacred the Catholic clergy and soldiers of the local garrison. “these perpetual enemies of Christians who are always found in turbulent times. violating his promises. Stephen Svtiski. Patriarch of Seleutia. He then lay siege to Nedjran. He advised: “Let there be nothing in common between us and the most inimical rabble of the Jews. When the editor. he ordered all the Virgin Mary with a head of cow superimposed over the Christians to be slain. was asked for an open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. Ethiopian Christians who had settled in Nedjran and Saphar were the victims of the anti-Christian fury of the Jews. when Dhu-Nowas. printed a picture of Then.” (89) * Jewish hatred for Christians was also present in the East. recalled the implacable persecutions of the Jews against Christians. where he A clipping from a Brazilian newspaper reported that the first issue (July 1997) of the Jewish bi-monthly Galileo accepted the surrender of the inhabitants. (91) * In North Africa during the 5th and 6th centuries. (92) hers. published in Jerusalem. Jewish by religion. constant in their implacable hatred and unhesitating in making any calumnious accusation. * Eusebius related how Emperor Constantine the Great. the Jews in Alexandria fueled an eruption of violence against the Christians. chief of the Himarytes. who died in 341. in a letter about the celebration of . King Sapor’s persecution of Christians in Persia in the mid-fourth century was instigated by the Jews. magazine. stirred up the whole region and took over Saphar. and transformed the church into a synagogue. (90) * At the beginning of the 5th century.

“informing” him that Christian armies would soon be sent to re-conquer Jerusalem." . the Jews collaborated with the Muslims in the conquest of Visigothic Spain. Notwithstanding that “prophecy. to tear down all the crosses in the city. (96) * Early in the 11th . (95) * In 723 in Syria. (93) * Around the middle of the 7th century. When the editor. especially the one on the Mount of Olives. commented that "the episode reflects the mentality of the Jews that they are the elect Christians. France. Anastasius with sophisticated cruelty. was asked for an explanation. promising him a long reign if he did so. Elias Audi. (97) News of this insidious Jewish intrigue and the consequent profanations in the Holy Land open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. in Nazareth. he sarcastically replied that was just a * In the year 608. by the troops of Bonosius – attacked the Fr. This false story caused the Sultan to destroy the Church of the Holy Sepulcher and break the accord allowing Catholic pilgrims to visit the Holy Land. killed a large number of them people and others do not deserve any respect. churches or homes. sent a letter to Sultan Hakem. July 5. they tortured the Patriarch. St. the Jews of Orleans. 1997 Graetz.” From a report by Monk John to the Second Council of Nicea. (94) * On the Iberian Peninsula. the Jews persuaded the caliph Omar.Estado and burned their corpses.” Caliph Yezid died one year after issuing this edict. dragging him through the streets of the city before murdering him. the Jews in Antioch – study of a cloning technique between humans and taking advantage of the invasion of Syria animals. Patriarch Nicephorus stated that it was a Jew from Tiberiad who suggested that Yezid take that measure. According to de Sao Paulo. Stephen Svtiski. who ruled Jerusalem. then in possession of the Holy Places. an edict of Caliph Yezid ordered the destruction of all images “be they in temples.

and thereby promote heresy. To attribute such a religious reaction to a temperamental or emotional phobia would be a gross simplification. History has also recorded indirect persecutions instigated by Jews against Catholics. Were there exaggerations in that reaction against Moors and Jews? Probably. Some of the more noteworthy of these will be presented next. in his comments on the Apocalypse. * Indirect persecutions waged by Jews against Catholics or Doctrinal hostilities In addition to combating the Holy Church directly.” rather than to point the finger only at those seeking to redress the rights of their insulted Faith. the Jews have infiltrated Catholic circles to distort faith in Jesus Christ and the Most Holy Trinity. falsely converted Jews have mixed among the faithful striving to cultivate in their midst a open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. “Since the origin of . This is attested in the luminous text of Bossuet. Here I will close this sampling of Jewish hatred against the Holy Church expressed through direct persecutions in the first eleven centuries of the History of the Church. But the first ones to blame for possible excesses were the authors of that crime of profanation – the Muslims – and their Jewish “informers. News of this insidious Jewish intrigue and the consequent profanations in the Holy Land by the Moors understandably gave rise to a surge of religious indignation throughout Europe.

. open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd.. without a known Despising the rights of Catholics and . founder. a sect called the Alogeans [Greek international juridical status as a neutral religious city.. for no-word] (98) rose up.. John had announced. hidden leaven of Judaism. The same was Cardinal Lustiger tête-à-tête with the chief rabbi of France. where the [arguments of the] Gospel of St. From time to time. these things [the Jewish propaganda] would ascend from hell. whom St. they rejected his Gospel and even his Apocalypse. which originated from this one. Out of hatred for the Word. the Jews took the city by force and declared it their capital. where Jesus Christ is also called the Word of God . Its followers were called this name Inside the Vatican. (99) It repeated the Jewish theories that reduced the Trinity to mere names. so strongly diminished Jesus Christ as to place Him below Melchizedek. “Another sect.. principally by the rejection of the mysteries of the Trinity and Incarnation. Such were a certain Cerintho and Ebion. who denied the divinity of Jesus Christ and would only recognize one person in God . Characteristic Jewish arrogance against Catholics is Around the end of the second century expressed today in the blatant rupture of Jerusalem's [196]. John appeared to have imprisoned them.. October 2001 because they did not admit the Divine Word.

all of them being nothing more than offshoots of this Jewish heresy. (101) The Jews. and all the other sects that later attacked the Divinity or the Incarnation of the Son of God. Paul adhered to it along with Zenobia. as St. whom Tertullian Christian did not present itself to me as a negation wrote against. who made many disciples not only in Mesopotamia but also in Rome . “The Church suffered for a long time.. therefore.. .. under the Christian name. but also by the Arians. affirmed at this time by He told the Jewish Telegraphic Agency: "The decision to become Praxeas. and they incite this Queen to adopt it . (100) “But it was never so obvious that these opinions came from the Jews as at the time of Paul of Samosata. December 1997 followed this error. Bishop of Sirmium.. Epiphanius and other Fathers called them... a kind of persecution by the Jews through the spreading of these pharisaic doctrines.. Bishop of Antioch." Inside the Vatican.. which was later taken up by Sabellius. Cardinal Lustiger tête-à-tête with the chief rabbi of France.” (102) Many documents exist demonstrating that the two types of Jewish persecutions – a bloody open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. Noetus also of my Jewish identity. who was linked to the Jewish religion. which reduced Jesus Christ to a mere man. and that the Christians who adopted them were. “One sees clearly that these heresies were a remnant of this Jewish leaven . “The consequences of this error for the Church were terrible. for it was accepted not only by Photinus. When Arthemon took up the heresy of Cerinth and Theodatus. were in fact authors of that impiety. Pharisees and Jews.. the Nestorians. the Queen of Palmyra.

worked itself out.. provides one example of this. (103) Lazare showed the significant role played In 1967. 1967 by his Jewish colleagues in the revolutionary process against Christian civilization and the Catholic Church. Thanks to them. who more or less assailed the Christian religion.. The Florentine Platonists. They were the direct ancestors of the men of the Renaissance. “The majority of Averroists were unbelievers. a French Jew himself. thanks to them. the Italian Aristotelians. the German Humanists came from them. Chilean Cardinal Silva Henriquez visited a synagogue in Santiago ICI. but also have continued all the way to modern and contemporary times...” (105) Lazare went on to point out the role played by Jews in Protestantism: open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. one against the Catholics and a bloodless one against the doctrine and customs of the Church – were carried out not only through the first thousand years of the Christian era. Pomponazzo composed the treatises against the immortality of the soul. (104) Here is what Bernard Lazare stated regarding the Jewish revolutionary role in History: “From the 10th to 15th century. It is owing to them that the spirit of doubt .. October 15.. The testimony of Bernard Lazare. which corresponded to the decadence of . these ‘Jewish’ rationalists and philosophers were collaborators to which can be called the general Revolution of humanity. sprang up among the thinkers of the 16th century. too. Theism.

for they took an active part in all revolutions. . officers of legion. “The Jewish spirit is essentially a revolutionary spirit.” (107) Confirming Lazare’s statements about the role of open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. “During the Revolution the Jews did not remain inactive.. and associate judges... providing the names of the chief collaborators and their functions: “The Jews were implicated in all revolutionary movements. . The position they occupied as district electors. “Against Catholicism the Jews equipped them with the formidable exegesis which the rabbis had cultivated and built up during centuries: the free- examination that Protestantism would make good use of. The Jewish spirit triumphed with Protestantism. as we shall see when we study their role during all periods of trouble and change. “The Reformation in Germany as well as in England was one of those movements when Christianity acquired new force in Jewish . and consciously or otherwise.. Bernard Lazare pointed this out. the Jew is a revolutionary.” (106) Jewish influence was also felt in the French Revolution. was important. considering how few their numbers were in Paris.

January 9.. in their eternal hatred of Christianity. substantiated the words of the Haschophet column: “The Jews do not even try to disguise the fact that they. they displayed even greater ardour than during the first . It is beyond open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. all of its efforts are useless. asserted that the French Revolution was a work identifiable with Judaism: “To no avail does the triple-crown [the papacy] fight against the scepter of the Jewish Revolution of 1793." published in the Hebrew journal Haschophet toward the end of 19th century. were the authors of the [French] Revolution. and Catholicism is dying to the degree that Judaism penetrates the layers of society.” (109) Bernard Lazare also said that Jews worked ardently in the communist and socialist revolutionary upheavals of the 19th century: “During the second revolutionary period. in its October 1896 issue.. a document titled "The Agony of the Roman Universe. the English review The Mouth. aided by the chiefs of Freemasonry. they were looking out for their own good.” (108) JPII and Toaff embraced three times during the visit to the synagogue Avvenire. The danger is imminent. in vain would it [the triple-crown] seek to free itself from the iron grip of the Semitic giant that clutches . Confirming Lazare’s statements about the role of Jews in the French Revolution.. which began in 1830. 1993 To the same effect. In labouring for the triumph of Liberalism.

. through their wealth.” (111) Even if other documents were lacking. Birkat Haminim. I find that the hatred of the Jews against Catholics throughout History is so visceral and unrelenting that one could say it fulfills the revelation God made to Isaiah. In the second revolutionary period that starts in 1830. that is.” (110) Another fact should be added to the documents attesting to the persecutions stimulated by Jews against Catholics. supported and furthered the progress of the European revolution. as is well known. Their contribution to present-day Socialism was. energy and talents. which has furnished the foundation for the charge that the Jews curse Jesus thrice a day.. inserted in the daily prayers a curse against the Christians. for this purpose the Gospels were likened to books on witchcraft... energy and capabilities. until today. they sustained and helped the European revolution . and still is very great . It is beyond doubt that with their gold. (111) This hatred was reinforced after the Talmud first came into .. The precepts of the Talmud. a doubt that the Jews. Akiba and Aquila.would constitute proof of the permanent hatred of the Jews for the Catholic Religion. by order of the patriarch Gamaliel. saying: open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. (112) Considering what has been expounded thus far. which manifest a great hatred of the Church and Catholics. they showed even more ardor than in the first . seek to give religious foundation to the Israelite loathing for Christianity. and Samuel Junior.. the Talmud canons highlighted in the box - above right . and that is their doctrinal hostility and participation in the revolutionary process that has been destroying Christendom. Bernard Lazare noted: “The tanaim [early ‘teachers’] wanted to preserve the faithful from Christian contamination. the 2nd century. when its foundations were laid by Barchochbas.

From a certain point of view. is a conspiracy” (Is.. “The work of iniquity is in their hands. Rather. 59:4-7). * Clearly. 8:12)... and make haste to shed innocent blood” (Is. who suffered the effects of the Jewish conspiracy. Incidentally. the conniving character of Judaism against the Church and its anti-Catholic hatred was widely evident and generally acknowledged among Catholics. who took the initiative in the religious struggle. it was not on the part of the Catholics. it was held by the Jews. if there has ever been an emotional "old prejudice" in Church-Synagogue relations. shall be hatched into a basilisk . Their feet run to evil. and that which is brought out. hurting their neighbor) and brought forth iniquity. open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. One could also say that this other warning of Isaiah applies to the historic role of the Jews against the Catholic Church in History: “They have conceived labor (that is. “For all that this people speaketh. the Nazi and Fascist persecutions against the Jews became very good tools to save Judaism from those well-merited accusations. shall die. “They have broken the eggs of asps. shortly before the theories on National-Socialism came to light with their pagan and absurd ethnic pretensions. and have woven the webs of spiders: he that shall eat of their .

' states St. the Church never ceased to charitably invite the Jews to convert and to receive them with open arms when they so deserved it. At that session. Athanasius says: ‘It is an execrable heresy to try to oblige by force. or prison those who cannot be convinced through reason’ (Book I). The Holy Catholic Church went even further than this. Below. “'Shall we persecute. Augustine. Here are some relevant excerpts from that text: “St.' asks St. 'than coercion in matters of Faith' (Book V). “'Nothing is more opposed to Religion. She always emphatically forbade the persecutions that were often waged by the people as a reaction to the constant hatred of the synagogue against the Church. the Jews of France and Italy applauded the address delivered by rabbi Isaac Samuel Avigdor in which he recognized. Hebrews open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. and preached fraternal charity. Catholic nuns pose with the Jewish children they saved during World War II. and invited the Sanhedrin to . He began by calling to mind that the most celebrated Catholic moralists prohibited persecutions. the constant and unceasing benignity of the Catholic Church toward Jews. 1806 at the time of Napoleon. professed tolerance. blows. * The constant goodness of the Church toward persecuted Jews In face of this bad treatment. Justin Martyr. An official testimony of this stance can be found in a speech delivered at the Great Sanhedrin meeting in Paris on October 30. 'those whom God tolerates?' Above.

Top photo. “St. Below. at different times the . “As a consequence of these sacred principles of morality. Pontiff Alexander II wrote those Bishops a letter of congratulations for the prudent conduct they showed in this regard.’ .com . the Bishops of Spain most energetically opposed the people who wanted to massacre them. they saved during World War II. the Jews. It is necessary to to escape the Nazi persecutions. February 2005.. October 2001 States the persecuted Jews expelled from several parts of Europe. “These sublime virtues of humanity and justice were often practiced by truly well- instructed Christians and. Pontiffs protected and welcomed in their bottom. quite numerous in open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. 30 Giorni. persuade rather than to force. “In the 11th century.. Gregory defended and protected the Jews throughout the whole Christian world. Inside the Vatican. above all. St. Lactance says: ‘Force-fed whom Pius XII hosted in his Castel Gandolfo residence religion is not Religion. “In the 10th century. Religion cannot be imposed’ (Book V).. “Around the middle of the 7th century. by the worthy ministers of this pure morality that calms passions and instills virtues. and force ye not. and churchmen from all countries often defended them in many States in that part of the world. Bernard says: ‘Counsel. Hebrews “In this regard.

He changed his name to Eugenio in “In the middle of the same century.. ` “In the 12th century. under pain of excommunication. “Clement VI granted them asylum in Avignon .. “The people of Israel .. Nicholas II wrote the Inquisition to proscribe coercing Jews to embrace Christianity. “It would be easy to cite an unlimited number of other charitable actions toward the Israelites. quite numerous in the Dioceses of Uzès and Clermont. he forbade.. Gregory IX protected them in England... Rabbi Israel Zolli converted to Catholicism in 1945.. “In the 11th century. were vigorously protected by the Bishops. Bernard defended them from the furor of the Crusaders.. the Jews.. and Spain from great calamities that threatened them. .. “Innocence II and Alexander III likewise protected them.. St. in numerous epochs. .com . practiced by churchmen well-instructed in the duties of man and their Religion. Eugenio Pacelli Spira [Speyer] prohibited people who owed Inside of the Vatican. February 1999 money to Jews from reneging on their obligation by asserting the oft-used excuse of usury. to coerce their consciences .. has open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. “The following century.. “In the 13th century. the Bishop of honor of Pope Pius XII. France...

vol. p.and especially the converts . that such measures were this memorable occasion to adopted by the temporal powers of Spain and Portugal and not by pay the just tribute of open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API . however. as Jews without disseminating their false convictions. in legitimate defense of the Faith and exercise of their churchmen. which we owe to Catholicism. The Tribunal dealt only with those who hypocritically converted to Catholicism and entered the fold of the circumstance in which we Church or those who. saying: all the sweeter inasmuch as it is owed to disinterested 1. Histoire Générale du IVe siécle Emperor. the Catholic Monarchs decreed that the toward them and their Jews should choose either to leave the Iberian territories at the expense of the royal powers. Niteroi: Leituras Católicas. 8.. In the latter case. The Tribunal of the Holy Inquisition.. 1984.Alfred Rambaud. religion as such. It is necessary to emphasize. a recognition made answer. display the sentiments In the 16th century. 332). having sincerely converted. the Jews came to pose a serious danger for the Faith in the Kingdoms of Portugal and Spain to our august and immortal (Ernest Lavisse . gentlemen. These were the measures the Spanish Inquisition took. therefore. excellent they endangered the political stability of those States (Juan and glorious opportunity to Baptista Weiss. the Jews . the most opportune. this among Catholics. the Jews were abusing the freedom that the imbued in our hearts. vol. there were also large numbers who made false conversions circumstance. História Universal. Paris: Armand Colin. nor did it prevent the Jews from professing their false beliefs. Kings of the Iberian Peninsula gave them by means of constant blasphemies and attacks against the Catholic Faith. or to remain as upright Catholics or predecessors. 304). p. presents us with à nos jours. During this “This great and fortunate period. For these two reasons.. later relapsed now find ourselves is the only into their old errors (Joseph de Maistre. was not concerned about the Jewish and highly respectable men. so long as they did not propagate their convictions “For eighteen centuries. established to defend the integrity of the Catholic Faith. p. 1949. our full gratitude position of temporal rulers. Moreover. especially to the Then. express . Cartas sobre a Inquisição one that has arisen for us to Espanhola. I benefits. 27). 4.would be subject to “Let us. never had the means or the On the Inquisition occasion to manifest their Someone could object that the Inquisition persecuted the Jews. recognition for so many and that ipso facto the Church is responsible for such treatment. the vigilance of the Inquisition insofar as matters of Faith were hasten to take advantage of concerned.

Dictionnaire de Théologie Catholique.. and inserted it in the proceedings Therefore. composed partly of churchmen and partly of representatives of the temporal with the expression of our power. in each State and in diverse and independent ways.. executed the recognition for the sentences which. placing it States of Europe in the past in the forefront of the most renowned legislations of the time. us. pay the just tribute of the Church. Curso de Apologética Christã. A zealous uninterrupted benefits that defender of the autonomy between the spiritual and temporal they have let fall upon the powers with their different roles. The benefits received from the Roman Inquisition was a celebrated model of an elevated juridical system and was recognized everywhere for its prudence and Christian clergy for the serenity in the distribution of temporal justice.” O Estado de São Paulo. March 16. 17-18. São Paulo: Melhoramentos. Petropolis: applauded this speech. in turn. A verdade sobre a Inquisição. representatives of the Hebrew Synod in the Empire 3. are filled with spiritual functions. 11. open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. the Church cannot be accused of direct responsibility for of February 5. The tribunals of the Inquisition were mixed tribunals. the Church did not take part in the generations that preceded execution of civil sentences. let this room resound 2. vol. p. a fact centuries. 1-4). let us solemnly sentences were restricted to the spiritual sphere. It introduced various Israelites in the various improvements in legal provisions favoring the defendant. recognition that we owe them. 457-9). voted to accept it. Nor can she be held accountable for possible injustices committed by amendment: “The the temporal heads of the Inquisition. It later the promulgation and execution of civil sentences issued by approved the following Inquisition tribunals in the several countries where it existed. 1807. The churchmen judged crimes against the Faith and their gratitude. they should not be attributed to her. pp. The Roman Inquisition was a characteristic example of the Holy of France and the Kingdom Church’s justice and equanimity in her judgments on matters of Faith. It was the only Church tribunal that had both temporal and of Italy . 7-2. E. .” (113) Cartas sobre a Inquisição Espanhola. “A outra face da Inquisição. The bear witness to our sincere representatives of the temporal power. The Jewish assembly col.. de Maistre. Since its establishment by Pope Paul III in gratitude for the successive 1542. Vozes. Henri Hello. pp. Vacandard. corresponded to those spiritual sentences. 1936. Cultural Supplement. Devivier. and. pp. entry Inquisition. with the obvious exception of providing spiritual comfort to those who were condemned (J.. it has always depended on the Sovereign Pontiffs. 1924. 2065. acknowledged by impartial commentators even today (John Tedeschi. therefore. 1986.

the words of Joseph de Maistre that Israelites from diverse Rome was the “paradise of the Jews” (Cartas sobre a Inquisição countries .. 385-6. pp. For this reason. permanent and authentic testimony of the gratitude of . It. along with the material presented above on the persecutions instigated by the Jews against the Catholic Religion. therefore. vol. p. no injustices or persecutions of the Jews can be attributed to today’s proceedings as a the Church when she exercised her temporal duties. clearly show that that the Holy Church never had a temperamental or emotional bias that could serve as foundation for the statement by John Paul II that her history includes “old prejudices" against the Jews.. Theological prejudices? In the absence. “Fully acknowledge the welcome that several Pontiffs The goodness of Roman Inquisition under the papal aegis became and many other ecclesiastics proverbial. 13). the objection is erroneous in its foundation – the the Israelites of this Inquisition persecuted the Jews – and in its consequence – that the Church also did the same.” (114) This unique manifestation of gratitude on the part of the Great Sanhedrin assembled in France stands as testimony to the benefits bestowed by the Church through the ages. transcribed below. This is indirectly recognized by a testimony of the Great Jewish Sanhedrin.. sentiments be recorded in Thus. Aubenas. pp. Also applicable is the popular German adage about those who lived under the temporal power of the Princes of the Church: How good it is to live under the shadow of the crosier! “Do here decree that the (R. 1986. Cultural Supplement. March 16. Fliche-Martin. without exaggeration." employed by John Paul II. 15. c. 1-4). assembly for the benefits received by the generations that preceded them from churchmen of the various countries of Europe. one can gave at different times to the repeat. refers to racial or emotional open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd.). of an adequate historical foundation to uphold that the expression “old prejudices. Espanhola. Hérétiques et sorciers. Histoire de expression of these l’Eglise.

he wanted to offer a “decisive contribution. (115) A svolta decisiva is. Instead he left the Catholics who followed the news of his visit to the synagogue of Rome in a state of perplexity. however. Svolta means a complete change of direction on a road. bewildered by the impression of a Pope who appeared to abandon the mentioned dogmas of our Faith in order to favor the Jewish religion. one must ask whether the Pontiff was referring to doctrinal matters. it would have to be asked if the very serious theological questions that separate the Catholic Church from the Synagogue are “prejudices”? For example. According to John Paul II. C. prejudices against the .” He could hardly have been more categorical in expressing a desire to abandon the previous doctrinal position of the Holy Church regarding Judaism. B. “A decisive turnaround in the relations of the Catholic Church with Judaism” Svolta decisiva was the Italian expression chosen by the Pontiff to describe the new relations of the Catholic Church with Judaism. would it be a “prejudice” to affirm the Divinity of Our Lord Jesus Christ or to profess the dogma of the Most Holy Trinity? Or to proclaim the articles of Faith that derive from that? These are questions that John Paul II did not answer. A turnaround to which. therefore. the Declaration Nostra aetate triggered a crucial turnaround in Church relations with Judaism. as seen. Was John Paul II referring to theological “prejudices”? To accept such a hypothesis. a decisive turnaround. “The Church of Christ discovers her link with Judaism open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd.

It is the least we could expect. it can be said that there is no greater and more continuous opposition between two religions than what exists between the Catholic Church and Judaism. rabbi Marvin Hier gives John Paul II a menorah to reward his support for the Jewish religion America. Councils. Not even one. sounding the depths of her own mystery” This statement by John Paul II is quite remarkable. I just listed the numerous Popes. and Saints who combated Judaism as a doctrinal evil. December 15.” Catholics should change their attitude toward Jews because “the Church discovered her link with Judaism sounding the depths of her own mystery. From the historical and doctrinal perspectives.” What does the mentioned “mystery” mean? No one can explain for sure. Doctors. What argument does John Paul II use to annul this bi-millenary antagonism? . without any open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. 2003. He merely appeals to a vague notion of “mystery. if someone pretends to annul such an antagonism. So. On December 1. 2003 Based on this enigma. he must employ strong arguments.

“The Hebrew religion is not ‘extrinsic’ to us. D. as Christians do. “You are our beloved brothers . In practical terms.. What would it be? It would probably signify that the Conciliar Church and Judaism are becoming increasingly linked and closer to each other. de Rosa noted in La Civiltà Cattolica: “One could not more forcefully express the links that exist between Christians and Jews. in Jesus Christ or in the Trinitarian mystery. even though the Jews do not believe.. Fr.” (116) These few lines by the Jesuit commentator seem to point to a contradiction open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. The final goal of Progressivism would be to transform the Church into a branch of . but is somehow ‘intrinsic’ to our religion” This statement also appears to confirm that Judaism is a model for the Conciliar Church.’ the Pope refers particularly to this [community of faith].. our older brothers” Commenting on this statement of John Paul II. E. this use of mystery seems to be a way to shroud something that John Paul II does not want to reveal to the general public. further clarification. In Christian terminology. he goes on to assume the more radical doctrinal consequences: Catholics should thrust aside their entire past and adhere to the new conciliar pro- Judaism position. ‘brother’ implies a community of faith. By calling Christians and Hebrews ‘brothers.

” With this. The true meaning of the word “brother” is. made by John Paul II. (117) John Paul II further calls the followers of Caiphas “beloved brothers” and “older brothers. How would it be possible for the Jews to enjoy the same “predilection” of Catholics if.. as Scriptures clearly states.. then. the ancient and true right of the first-born open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. to have a communion of Faith with those who deny its most profound foundations. Is the Conciliar Church walking on “dear Hebrew friends and the same path? . Above. as Fr. 11:6) John Paul II’s mention of “older brothers” also appears to suppose a “right of the first- born” that present-day Jews would have over Catholics.Le Monde des Religions. “without the Faith it is impossible to please God”? (Hebr. Now then. de Rosa rightfully observes. November-December 2003 brothers” in his opening statement of his Allocution at the synagogue. such as the Holy Trinity and the divinity of Jesus Christ? Therefore. besides Various American Protestant sects have become ardent supporters of employing the expression Judaism. one sees that the Pontiff not only affirms a unity with them in the same religious profession. a demonstration by Evangelicals in Jerusalem "lobbying" for the coming of the Jewish messiah. How is it . but also acts as if they have some “predilection” and “first-born rights” independent of the truths of the Catholic Faith. that of brother in the faith.

which pretends to unify the justice.... and he went out.. and was instituted heir of the Catholic-Hebrew Church Neve Shalom. received strength to conceive ... the ancient and true right of the first-born among the Jews. 1984 out into a place which he was to receive for an inheritance. there would have been neither the promise nor the Old Covenant.. being barren. framed the ark for the saving of his house. Isaac blessed Jacob and Esau... Paul states when writing specifically to the Jews: “Now faith is the substance of things to be hoped for. By faith Noah. which was established in anticipation of the coming of Our Lord... “And what shall I yet say? For the time would fail me to tell of Gedeon. By faith also of things to come... open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. He drafted what Nostra aetate says regarding the Jews. By faith the walls of Jericho fell . two creeds.. offered Isaac . obeyed to go Domenica del Corriere... By faith [Moses] left Egypt . July 7.. presupposed the Faith. having received an answer concerning those things which as yet were not . By faith he abode in the land . the evidence of things that appear not . when he was tried.. Now then.. founder of the condemned the world.. This is what St.... Bruno Hussar. By faith also Sarah herself. by which he Fr. moved with fear.. By faith Henoch was translated.. blessed each of the sons of Joseph . “By faith he that is called Abraham.. not knowing whither he went. “By faith Abraham.... Without it. that he should not see death . which is by faith.. By faith Jacob dying. By faith he celebrated pasch . “By faith Abel offered to God a sacrifice exceeding that of Cain .

and the promise was made in the prevision of Christ. 13:7-8. considering the end of their conversation. “And all these being approved [by God] by the testimony of faith. Further on. the reason for the promise. the promise was fulfilled and the Old Covenant.. stopped the mouths of lions.) Faith . Jesus Christ yesterday and today.. therefore. Our Lord established the New Covenant. therefore. whose faith follow. and the same forever. God providing some better thing for us. and the prophets. David. the Apostle makes it clear that the faith of the ancient Patriarchs was the faith in Jesus Christ: “Remember your prelates who have spoken the word of God to you. Jephthe. escaped the edge of the sword. Samson. that they should not be perfected without us” (Heb. 11). Samuel. who by faith conquered kingdoms. Barac. quenched the violence of fire. wrought justice. became valiant in battle. obtained promises. recovered strength from weakness. finished.” (Hebr. which replaced the Old Covenant: “Now in saying a new open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd.. received not the promise [immediately]. put to flight the armies of foreigners . With Our Lord.

first-born vis-à-vis The alliance relies entirely. therefore. is not acceptable. Abraham's descendents are spiritual rather than racial. And that which decayeth and groweth old. is near its end. on fidelity to that same faith. both as the substance of the continuity of the Old Covenant and as the foundation of the New. completely setting aside the question of Faith. It seems either a clear denial of the Catholic dogmas and their base in Scriptures or a nonsensical declaration of the supremacy of the Jewish race over the others. he [God] has made the former old. Therefore. [covenant]. to an appalling question: Could John Paul II make such statements without abandoning the Catholic Faith? open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd.” (Hebr. This analysis of the Pontiff’s words gives rise. in the mind of a Catholic faithful. . faith in Our Lord Jesus Christ is the basis of any predilection and the only grounds for the right of first-born. 8:13) Thus. to speak of the “predilection” of the Jews in our day and attribute to them some religious right of The alliance of God with Abraham was based on an act of faith.

com . and does not allow a conclusion of this gravity. 4) . he should have based himself on elements provided by Tradition. Therefore. since it also fails to present data from Sacred Scripture or Tradition to justify the “absolution” of the Jews.. for all practical purposes. open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. the Pontiff fails to present any basis from the sources of Revelation. and draws as a conclusion the abolition of premises. in the absence of such foundations. Now then. Or. Therefore. Thus. he invokes only two points that do not constitute per se a solid basis for an argumentation: the notion of “mystery” and the conciliar Declaration Nostra aetate (n. it is elementary in theological thinking that the obligatory premises are the data of Revelation coming from Sacred Scriptures and Tradition. The notion of mystery is unclear.’ (NA. n. he should have based himself on passages from Holy Scripture that would permit him to make such a defense. Indeed.. F. as the very word indicates.. to buttress this unprecedented “absolution” of the Jews. John Paul II takes as a premise the conclusion. “No atavistic or collective guilt can be attributed to the Jews as a people for ‘that which was done in the Passion of Jesus. John Paul II took as a premise what should have been the conclusion of his argument. 4). The text of Nostra aetate is likewise inadequate. to cite the conciliar Declaration has the value of a petition of principle (118). the pretended theological justification of discriminatory or persecutory measures is inconsistent” The first objectionable thing that calls one’s attention in this reasoning is the inversion of the most elementary rules of logic. If John Paul II intended to exempt the Jews from the guilt of the crime of Deicide. To make this extremely serious dogmatic judgment. which amounts to saying that it is devoid of value.

Thus do the steps of dialogue go from dialogue to anathema. quia nominor leo. (120) If this hypothesis is correct. Doctors. he draws. From this defective premise. and Saints of the Church have taught throughout the centuries about the guilt of the whole Jewish people for the crime of Deicide as “inconsistent theological justifications”? Would such an assertion be a revoking of the centuries-old teaching of the Church? Again I ask: Does a Pope have such a power? Given the bizarre “probative” method used by the Pontiff. as a conclusion. It should simply be accepted as a despotic act by a Pope who justifies his position by saying: you have to accept it because I am the stronger. are we witnessing the revocation of Sacred Scriptures? Would a Pope have the power to contradict Revelation? Further.” What does John Paul II really mean by this conclusion? What is in the “inconsistent” justification he is speaking about? Is he perchance referring to the excerpts from Sacred Scriptures that clearly speak about the crime of Deicide as having been committed by the whole people and thereby justify considering the Jews guilty? (119) If so. Oddly enough. the disconcerting affirmation that “therefore.. (121) What a curious paradox! open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. why would he consider everything that the Popes.. such an act would be a tyrannical imposition of the inter- religious dialogue with Jews taken to such a paroxysm that it annuls the very foundations of the Catholic Faith. the pretended theological justification of discriminatory or persecutory measures is inconsistent. Fathers. this inter-religious dialogue was first presented as an overflowing of the mercy of the .. Councils. a serious analysis of his statement would lead one to conclude that John Paul II’s act was just an abuse of authority lacking any theological foundation.. This curious mercy toward the Jews would thus have led the Progressivist Church to anathematize the whole past of the Catholic Church.

eyes that they should not see. St. It would have been very useful for the Pontiff to have explained to Catholics how his statement could harmonize with St. “It is not licit to say . and ears that they should not hear. G. Why so? Because they sought it not by faith.. Non licet. by following after the law of justice. Paul’s words about the Jews: “But Israel. and the rest have been blinded [by their malice]. the imperative nature of John Paul II’s aims appears unequivocally. An unjustified prohibition is the consequence of the previous illogical and despotic anathema. “And David saith: Let their table be open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. For they stumbled at the stumbling stone. 9:31- 33).. as it is written: God hath given them the spirit of insensibility. that the Jews are ‘reprobates or accursed’” Here. Paul then explains why Israel was rejected: “That which Israel sought he hath not obtained.... It is not . is not come unto the law of justice.. but as [if] it were [possible] of works. as it is written: Behold I lay in Zion a stumbling stone and a rock of scandal” (Rom. until this present day. In contradiction to John Paul II’s anathema. but the election [by God] hath obtained it..

and I will repay. and hath offered an affront to the Spirit of grace? “For we know him that hath said: Vengeance belongeth to me. and a recompense unto them.” (Hebr. the small square pendant “For if we sin willfully after having the hanging from his stole. by which he was sanctified. It is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God. It is inlaid with 12 precious knowledge of the truth. May 1994 left no sacrifice for sins. St. but a certain dreadful expectation of judgment. and bow down their back always [under the weight of the law]” (Rom. how much more do you think he deserveth worse punishments. Let their eyes be darkened. and a stumbling block. who hath trodden underfoot the Son of God. the rational of the judgment. and a trap. Paul is also clear when he speaks about the Jews who left the Church after having converted: Paul VI wears the symbol of the Hebrew high priest. there is now stones that represent the 12 tribes of Israel. 10:26-31) The following excerpt from the Epistle to the Hebrews also opposes the desire to exempt the Jews from God’s curse: open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. that they may not see. 11:7- 10). made a snare. and hath esteemed the blood of the testament . and the rage of a fire which shall consume the adversaries [of God]. A man making void the law of Moses [by becoming an idol-worshiper] dieth without any mercy under two or three witnesses. 30 Dias. And again: The Lord shall judge his people.

and the powers of the world to come. the meaning that should be attributed to my visit to you. receiveth blessing from . they nevertheless express only part of the reality: the desire of the Pontiff to abandon the 2. This is. and very near unto a curse. and bringeth forth herbs meet for them by whom it is tilled. But that which bringeth forth thorns and briars.” (122) 4. The Pontiff closed the core of his Allocution emphasizing the points I have just analyzed and announcing that his anathema against the previous teaching of the Church has a perennial character: “On the occasion of this visit to your synagogue. I want to reaffirm and proclaim their [the above analyzed phrases] perennial value. and [afterward] are fallen away. Let open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. [it is impossible for them] to be renewed again to penance. and were made partakers of the Holy Ghost. “For it is impossible for those who were once illuminated. as well as the speeches by Jewish representatives. have moreover tasted the good word of God. have tasted also the heavenly gift. therefore. 6:4-8) The anathema by John Paul II clearly clashes with these and many other passages of Holy Scriptures.000-year-old position of the Catholic Church toward the errors of the Jewish religion. Another facet of the reality is the ceremony – the hymns and psalms – with which the rabbis received John Paul II. The Jews reaffirm their false convictions However bewildered these words of John Paul II may leave the mind of a Catholic. Jews of Rome. is reprobate. and making him a mockery. whose end is to be burnt.” (Hebr. crucifying again to themselves the Son of God. For the earth that drinketh in the rain which cometh often upon it.

the inheritor of my house is Eliasar from Damasco. the ceremonies made by both parties are particularly symbolic. it seems indispensable to analyze the ceremonies held during the visit of John Paul II to the synagogue of Rome in order to realize what Jewish intentions are toward Holy Mother Church. and psalms sung by the Jews at the reception of John Paul II (123) Since this was the first time in History that a Pope visited a synagogue.’ “And Abraham said: ‘Lord God. are prone to express their thoughts and feelings much more through metaphors and symbols than discursive and systematic expositions. another rabbi began to recite a passage from Genesis (15:1-7) alluding to God’s promise to Abraham: “After these facts the word of the Lord was directed to Abraham in a vision. on equal footing with Elio Toaff. me now analyze these symbolic acts. This is especially so if we bear in mind that the Hebrew people. the reward you will receive will be very large. the chief rabbi of the Roman Jews. hymns.’ He added: ‘Thou did not open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. . by character. in these terms: ‘Do not be afraid Abraham. Moreover. what will You give to me? I am alone. Passages from Scriptures. since the greatest clash between religious convictions the world has ever seen is the struggle between the Faith of Our Lord Jesus Christ and the false faith of the Jews. I am your shield. (124) After the Pope was seated in the place of greatest prominence in the synagogue.

and not based on supernatural grace.’” (125) This excerpt clearly manifests that the present-day Jews see themselves as heirs to the promise made to Abraham.’ “He had faith in the Lord who increased his merit. In practical terms.’ He led him outside and said: ‘Look at the sky and count the stars. not be him. Thus the Lord said to him: ‘I am the Lord who took you from Ur-Casdim to give you this land. Paul taught in passages inspired by the Holy Ghost. reading the mentioned text of Genesis. Notwithstanding. commemorating the occasion. which the Jews apply to Holy See recognizes Israel as a legitimate State. TOASTS Rabbi della Rocca immediately went on to Above. (126) the promise made to the Patriarch was fulfilled by Our Lord Jesus Christ. my domestic servant will be my heir. if you can.’ And added: ‘As numerous as they will be your descendents. on December 30. It is written in Italian and Hebrew. representatives from the Vatican and Israel toast after official diplomatic relations read the text of Micheas (4:1-5) that ends were established. but one who will come from your body. 1993. rabbi Henry Sobel kisses Cardinal Arns in Sao Paulo.’ Cover of the booklet distributed to the Jews in the synagogue for John “The Lord answer him immediately: ‘Your heir will Paul II's visit. as St. the Jews insisted that the promise is racial and not spiritual. Now then. give me a descendant. open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. His spiritual offspring is the Holy Church and the inheritance of the elect relies upon . themselves: Below. this means that the with this passage.

is to strongly insinuate that Catholics – a "people” other than the Jews – do not worship the true God. Montezemolo. the visible head of the Catholic Church. the first Vatican ambassador to Israel. kisses Cardinal Arns in Sao Paulo. presents his diplomatic credentials to Israeli president Weizman What did John Paul II do after this insult open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. rather. but we will walk in the name of the Lord our God forever and ever” (Mic. “For the peoples will walk every one in the name of his god. 4:5). the intention here appears to be to insult Jesus Christ and the dogma of the Trinity – whose Persons for the Jews are false gods – and to Below. Again. Reciting this excerpt in the presence of John Paul II. . the Jews do. reaffirm their ancient errors.

besides insulting. The Jewish booklet reads: “If the Lord were not for us. Our help is in the name of the Lord. who made heaven and earth. rose up against us. a torrent would have passed over us. the chief rabbi read Psalm 124 (123 of Vulgata) which reveals Jewish resentments: Catholics are implicitly viewed as enemies of God.” Such allusions to alleged Catholic persecutions of the Jews. Our persons have been delivered as a sparrow out of the snare of the fowlers. when men Photos from Estado de Sao Paulo. What did John Paul II do after this insult and the speeches which will be analyzed below? He recited Psalm 133 (132 of the Vulgate) exalting the joy of brothers who live together in unity. unjust and bestial persecutors of the Israelites. January 1. if the Lord were not for us. and we are delivered. as was demonstrated above. “Blessed be the Lord. 1993. the impetuous waters would have passed over us. implicitly blaming the open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. The snare is broken. August 17. then the waters [of calamity] would have drowned us. Having ended this violent metaphoric allusion with Psalm 124. 1994 have swallowed us up alive. let Israel now say. probably they would 1994. December . are unfounded. Responding to this anodyne joy of John Paul II. who are the true faithful protected by the Lord. When their fury was enkindled against us. who has not given us to be a prey to their teeth.

the recognition of Jesus Christ and the Holy Trinity. 16:4).” After this affront. Since the Jews deny the divinity of Our Lord Jesus Christ and the Most Holy Trinity. This was followed by the singing of psalm 16 (15 of the Vulgate). Catholics for the persecutions they suffered. it would seem that the organizers of the ceremony were trying to blame the Holy Church for the Nazi massacres. or at least liken the persecutions waged by the neo-pagan National-Socialism to those allegedly carried out by Catholics. one again notes a desire to offend the Church. as well as the possibility of conversion are out of the question. each one repeated: “Nor will I pronounce their names with my lips. the Jews made sure to avoid the least mention of Our Lord’s name throughout the . The timing of this act casts an even less favorable shadow on the alleged persecutions by Catholics. which reads: “Their sorrows were multiplied. Incidentally. such affirmations by rabbis and Jews were certainly meant for Catholics – “those who follow strange gods. True Faith in Jesus Christ was implicitly denied by a Vicar of Christ. all the Jews present – about 1. Underlying this ceremony. those who follow strange gods. open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd.500 – stood up to sing the hymn Ani Ma’amin (I believe). present in the synagogue to assist at a profession of the false faith of those who are heirs to the Deicide and whose relentless design is to destroy Holy Mother Church. (127) their equivalent of a profession of faith. the offense to the honor of the Holy Church reached its apex. Indeed. nor will I pronounce their names with my lips” (Ps. With this. I will not share the blood of their offerings.” Therefore. After chanting the Ani Ma’amin – which the Jews are said to have sung as they were led to Nazi extermination camps (128) – those present observed one minute of silence for the victims of Auschwitz.

com . open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. at thy right hand are delights even to the end” (Ps. 15:11). in this last psalm chanted during John Paul II’s visit to the synagogue of Rome.” and the reaffirmation of ancient Jewish errors. one can see the clear intention of offending Catholics. The psalm ended with a text applying to the errors of the synagogue signifying that the latter follow the true ways of the Lord leading to eternal happiness. This would indirectly amount to intoning victory over the Church. and then left for a private meeting. thou shalt fill me with joy with thy countenance. As the chanting of Psalm 16 (15 of Vulgate) drew to an end. John Paul II and the chief rabbi embraced each other once again. They continued with the psalm by alluding to the false idea that the inheritance of the present-day Jews is the true inheritance of God: “The Lord is the portion of my inheritance and of my cup. Thus. the sole means to attain life eternal: “Thou hast made known to me the ways of [immortal] life. 15:5). “followers of false gods. it is thou that holds in thy hand my part” (Ps.

and a menorah. a seven-branch candelabrum. January 30. in his library at the Vatican. During the ceremony. The newspapers and magazines covering the event did not report what In January 2005. according to booklet distributed in the synagogue. chanted by the Hebrew choir as John Paul II was leaving the synagogue: “I believe with perfect faith in the coming of the Messiah! “And even if he takes a long time coming. I think it was a simplified formula of a longer profession of “faith. Here are the words of the canticle. John Paul II embraced the chief rabbi for a third time. as recorded in the Jewish booklet. the consequences of these psalms and hyms said in the synagogue in the presence of the Supreme Pontiff of the Catholic Church were: open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API . 2005 this occasion. and reaffirmed the old errors of their religion. JPII receives a reward from might have taken place on Israeli rabbis for his constant support for the Jewish religion National Catholic Reporter. with the text of a brief profession of “faith” that the Jews chanted together. the Vicar of Christ.” the above-mentioned Ani Ma’amin that had already been sung. After leaving the synagogue. John Paul II received a copy of the Torah. The ceremony ended. In brief. one can only imagine how scornfully they look on the Pope. a sacred book of the Jews. I will wait every day until he comes!” The insult to Our Lord Jesus Christ is blatant. By chanting this at the end of the ceremony. If they thus affront the Word Incarnate. the Jews categorically denied that Christ is God and the Messiah.

. referring to it instead as “the faith of the world”: open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd.. and so on. * The actual affirmation of numerous. rabbi Giacomo Saban. The speeches of the rabbis The opening greeting to John Paul II by the representative of the Hebrew community of Rome. the rabbi pejoratively called the Christian era the “vulgar era:” “Soon after the end of the first millennium of the Vulgar Era . wrote the l’Arukh. are beasts whose teeth grind the Jews as their prey. * The implicit reaffirmation. namely the negation of the divinity of Jesus Christ and the Most Holy Trinity. the first compendium of norms of the Hebrews in the Diaspora. foster a torrential furor against Jews.. thinly-veiled insults cunningly made against the Holy Church and Catholics: that Catholics follow false gods.. by the Jews. That is.” (129) * He claimed that Vatican II drew the Catholic Church closer “to the faith of Israel. a son of this community in Rome . Finally.. were accomplices of the Nazi persecutions. of their doctrinal .. as an aggravating factor it should be noted that following customary Vatican procedures. this ceremony must have been prepared beforehand and agreed upon by competent organs of the Holy See.” although he refused to call the Catholic Faith by its name. * The symbolic reaffirmation that they are the only true followers of God. B. the Vatican and probably also the Pope knew beforehand that these affronts would be made and approved them. also had an arrogant tone with veiled slights and offenses. The following points should be noted: * In passing.

has a central place in the heart of every Jew. I do not hesitate to believe that this will be done. This would be.... for the Jews the State of Israel represents a messianic aspiration linked to the long-awaited domination of Israel over the whole world.” (130) * He made the recognition of the State of Israel by the Holy See a condition for taking the next step in the “fraternal dialogue” proposed by Nostra aetate: “I believe I should manifest the hope that some hesitation regarding the State of Israel be . a further step in the 'fraternal dialogue' of which Nostra aetate speaks. and a change of attitude in this matter would please not only those present here. restoring to us not only what was denied us through the centuries.. but the whole Judaic world as well . one of the Council’s documents. the rabbis’ request that the Holy See recognize Israel should be viewed in light of their religious conviction of world open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. (132) Thus. . “Nostra aetate. emotionally and spiritually. therefore. but also the dignity to which we have always been entitled... introduces a different relationship between the faith of Israel and that of the world which surrounds us.” (131) As is known. the one that most closely has to do with us. The land of Israel.

facing a true and authentic turnaround in the policy of the Church. expressed immediately after the insolent criticism of the conduct of Holy Church toward Jews. * He called the Church’s Inside the Vatican.. which supposedly would make them the last surviving people of the Ancient World. and sorrow to the infinite number of Jewish martyrs who serenely faced death for the sanctification of the Name of God. recognition. the inadmissibility of which Jules Isaac ..000 year-old policy toward the Jewish errors an “inadmissible teaching of scorn": “We find ourselves. the following reaffirmations of the false Jewish faith and more insults to the Holy Church and the Catholic Faith should be pointed out: On March 12. which already looks to Jews with feelings of esteem and respect.” He said: “In the historic moment in which we are living. clearly implies that the Jewish “martyrs” were victims of the Church’s “teaching of . hegemony. called to the attention of Pope John. In a later speech by chief rabbi Elio Toaff. To them open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. This included the Catholic combat against the Jewish religious errors. Cardinal Ratzinger lights a seven-branch candelabra to ask forgiveness for the past "sin" of Catholic militancy. my thoughts turn with admiration. 2000. It is noteworthy that this self-praise of Judaism as a religion. abandoning that [former] teaching of scorn. therefore.. January 2001 2. transcribed above.” (133) * He affirmed the unshakable “fidelity” of the Jewish people to their false faith throughout History.

. aspirations. the speeches of the rabbis in the presence of John Paul II constituted a categorical reaffirmation of their old errors. and to that redeeming peace whose firm promise is found in the Bible. for this is a prelude . open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. thus proclaiming the religious-messianic-hegemonic role that the Jews attribute to it: “The return of the Hebrew people to their land must be recognized as a good and irrevocable victory for the world.. and insults against the Church. is owed the merit for the fact that our faith has never wavered and that fidelity to the Lord and to His Law never diminished as centuries passed. The recognition of this unique function of Israel in the plan of final redemption promised by God cannot be denied. unique among all the peoples of antiquity.” (137) So. drawing our inspiration from the prophets who taught that this filial love unites all living beings in the maternal bosom of the infinite as in its natural matrix. he insisted that the State of Israel be recognized. to that epoch of universal fraternity to which we all aspire.” (134) * He proposed spreading the Jewish errors as a way to achieve the pacifist and inter- confessional longings of John Paul II: “We propose to disseminate Israel’s idea of moral and spiritual monotheism in order to unite men and the universe in love. we reaffirm the universal paternity of God over all men. Due to this merit. the Jewish people still lives.” (136) * .” (135) * He also made veiled mention of the gnostic Jewish doctrine of the Eternal Feminine [click here]: “At the same time.

* they condemned the historic attitude of the Church. In contrast. let him hear. * they demanded that the Holy See recognize their State. in my view. explicitly in their speeches and symbolically in their recitation of psalms and passages from the Bible..” [He that hath an ear. is clear and painful. This is what was accomplished during the visit of John Paul II to the synagogue of Rome. ”Qui habet aurem. * they insulted the honor of the Church and Catholics. * they proclaimed the need for Jewish hegemony over the whole world. made this arrogant retribution: *they insistently reaffirmed their false faith. * to praise their false faith and anathematize whomsoever should criticize or censure the followers of Caiphas from the religious standpoint. * to condemn the wise 2. to which they attributed a messianic . 2:7] open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. Apoc. audiat. the rabbis. 5. John Paul II went to the synagogue of Rome for these purposes: * to try to annul the foundation in Revelation for the crime of Deicide. Conclusion of this analysis The conclusion to the analysis of this visit.000-year-old conduct of Holy Mother Church in relation to the Jews.

264. 156-7. Pastor. Chartularium. pp. 302-6. Auguste Dumas. 19.” La Civiltà Cattolica. 16. L’Osservatore Romano. L’enseignement et les universités. col. CIX. Histoire de l’Eglise despuis les origins jusqu’à nos jours. VI. Christine Thouzellier. 380. 48. 1986. Fliche & Martin. p. p. April 13. Alloc ution at the synagogue of Rome. 2. col. 20. vol. vol. I. 379-380. Juifs et crétiens.. 2. col. Potthast. 4. ibid. 17. apud Giovanni Caprile. XX. Arm. V. vol. 1986. 16. 10.” L’Osservatore Romano. 301. 48. Vernet. 7. Histoire de l’Eglise. 246 13. pp.. May 3. 1986. 31. 239. Arm. II. Historia de los Papas. p. 5. n. 4. “Ebrei e cristiani ‘fratelli’ nel ‘fratelo’ Gesù. Juifs et Chrétiens. 9. F. 12. L III. II. 31. 1986. 1726. 40-2. 29. Ibid. John Paul II rec eived a standing ovation when he alluded to the supposed guilt the Church would have for her attitude toward Judaism throughout the c ourse of History. 1946-1960. 260. CX. Ibid. 14 See also the letters of Jan. 1986. 267. vol 10. 350. John Paul II. Berliner. April 14-15. Letters. 106-8. April 14-15. 1739. Giacomo Saban. Historia de los Papas. 288-9. pp. Carlo de Lucia. 7.. 515. p. Giuseppe De Rosa. Juifs et Chrétiens. Vogelstein-Rieger. Ibid. Vatic an’s Secret Archives. Saint Louis et Innocent IV. “Cari amici e fratelli ebrei e cristiani. DAFC. n. Ibid. vol. p. Rom. p. vol. Broadc ast of Israeli Radio. vol. 131. Reusc h. VI. p. 8-9. 11. 173. Bull. 1744. 1205 to the King of Franc e and of Jan. 498. Pastor. p. apud L. 49. col. Historia de los Papas. 5. April 14-15. VII. 22. 178. Paris: Bloud & Gay. 5. Opening Speech. 236. 463. nn. p. p. Thouzellier. 142. p. 1. 1693. Caprile. 1740. 1949... ibid. Ibid. Frankfurt. vol. 1518. col. L’enseignement et les universités. 10. L’Espagne chrétienne. Rodocanachi. apud C. René . 26. open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. 17. p. 14. ibid. Caracc iolo.. and to the Doge.. 4. La réforme de l’Eglise. Ibid. 1728. Vernet. III. 331. p. p.” La Civiltà Cattolica. pp. 11376. See also Epistulae IX. Masio. 11. L’Osservatore Romano. p. 30.. Bernardino Llorc a. Vita. 25. Censura y confisco de los libros judios en los Estados da la Iglesia. vol. 5. n. 14. F. 1986. 5. 23.. Vernet. Erler. Berliner. apud G. p. see also same author. vol. apud Ludovic Pastor. Bull. II. apud ibid. Pastor. Registres d’Innocent IV. ibid. vol. Ibid. 10. col. 28. 32. 682. April 14-15. p. 8. Bull. F. 3. 7. A. 265. Arquivo de Direito Canônico. p. See a report on this topic in Révue des Études Juives. vol. 27. 1691. col. 8. 68. Dictionnaire Apologetique de la Foi Catholique (DAFC). “Il Papa al tempio ebraic o di Rome. 1208 to the Bishop of Auxerre 15. p. Histoire de l’Eglise. 482-3. 1891.. 6. Fliche & Martin. vol. Speec h addressed to John Paul II. 1. see also Letters of Saint Ignatius. apud ibid. apud L. pp. May 3. 1692. 234-5. Elio Toaff. 261. 3. Pastor. L’Osservatore Romano. apud L. Historia de los Papas. 14. Juifs et Chrétiens. n. vol.. 24. Vernet. 18. 208. p. 1986. col. F. Il Giornale. 21. XXXIX. XL.. Fliche & Martin. Bulario Pontificio de la Inquisición Española. Rome: Pontific ia Università Gregoriana. pp.. 13. 740. cf. apud L. Flic he. XXXVIII. Historia de los Papas. Le sentiment religieux et ses aberrations. 1. 2.

46. 463. Juifs et Chrétiens. R. c ol. H. Analecta juris pontificii. 1161-1162. 1694. Juifs et Chrétiens. Vernet. vol. 1738. 68. Vernet. 245-6. R. L’Espagne Chrétienne. authorities of the Jews and those who followed their lead pressed for the death of Christ (cf. Conciliorum Oecumenicorum Decreta. pp. 459-50. Juifs et Chrétiens. Juifs et chrétiens. F. without distinc tion. . F. vol. 50. 7. 79. Historia de los Papas. 14-15. p. pp. 59. F. p. p. 1157-8. 339. 1962. 57. vol. col. vol. 1737. F. 36. Juifs et Chrétiens. 306-7. 1569. 50. 111-2. La conjuration antichrétinne. 1158. apud Laderchi. Fliche & Martin. 1744. vol. Vernet. 1986. vol. 241. vol. 21. vol. c ol. p. Vernet. 71.XXIV. vol. 43. John Paul II. Ibid. p. vol. Mansi. vol. pp. V. Historia de los Papas. 1751-2. Ibid. col. Lille: Desclée de Brouwer. 241-3. n. 3. La conjuration antichrétienne. La conjuration antichrétinne. col. 740. 1569. I. Apud L. Rom. H. 1157. Jean Rousset de Pina. 42. 1157. Ibid. 39. 187. p. Bull. Ibid. 1892. Vernet. John 19:6). April. apud A. 60. 56. Fliche & Martin. Delassus. 66. but what happened in His passion c annot be blamed upon all the Jews then living. p. Pastor. 1749. Decretum de Iudaeis et neophytis. Vernet. Dumas. L. Juifs et Chrétiens. 44. La politique italienne d’Alexandre III et la fin du schisme. c ol. La conjuration antichrétinne. L. 62. vol. 70. 33. vol. VII. 5. 61. Histoire de l’Eglise. 3. p. 1910. John Paul II appears to refer to the middle of chapter IV of Nostra aetate. 1. 333. Pastor. Histoire de l’Eglise. Historia de los Papas. Juifs et Chrétiens. 3. pp. 54. 53. 17. Conciliorum Oecumenicorum Decreta. 174. pp. Delassus. Vatic an’s Sec ret Arc hive. L’Osservatore Romano. Vernet. 24. canon 8. pp. Alloc ution in the Synagogue of Rome. p. Le sentiment religieux et ses aberrations. Pastor. Decret. vol. 10. La conjuration antichrétinne. II. 3. col. F. Historia de los Papas. 47. 534. F. 45. Delassus. Juifs et Chrétiens. Historia de los Papas. 37. 49. 1741. 17. F. La conjuration antichrétinne. Pastor. Session XIX. 301. A. Paris. pp. p. 1694. L’Espagne Chrétienne. 55. p. vol. L.. 28. 65. 285. Histoire de l’Eglise. Delassus. Henri Delassus. 41. 38. 306. 67. 64. 40. DAFC. 28. Brief of May 3. Apud H. 310-1. XX. F. col. Juifs et Chrétiens.. Delassus. 1610. Vernet. Fliche & Martin. 167. Vernet. p. pp. See in Sixtus of Siena (a converted Jew).. which reads: “True. Bibliotheca sancta. 1860. vol. 4. La réforme de l’Eglise. 58. 34.. ibid. Ibid. col. Vernet. col. vol. p. Terminus. F. pp. Ibid. 32. 9/2. vol. 52. 19. 17. Aigrain. pp. Histoire de l’Eglise. Pastor. nor upon the Jews of today. 1712. Epist. 259. open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. 3. 238. 121-2. p.. Fliche & Martin. Flic he. 48. Reusc h.. F. 1734. 19. Aigrain. 51. apud L. see the list of books that he destroyed in Cremona. 1422-3. 63. 282. 1. in Conciliorum Oecumenicorum Decreta. 5 p. Rome: Herder. vol. p. col. Juifs et Chrétiens. p. col. 69. Rome. 1731. 281. V. H. H.

Vernet. La législation impériale relative aux Chrétiens. Fliche & Martin. PL 2. v. 1658-9. vol. 261. 78. p. 1. universal c onflagration. Fliche & Martin. Chap. 310). 2. apud J. 80. 1658. col. persecutions. Passio S. Sabina Popea. 2. 1762. whereas the one unleashed against the martyrs was c learly religious. and the destruction of the world” (Duruy. 9). who stirred up the pagans against the Christians” (in Apocalypsim II. De Orat. the Nazi persecution waged against the Jews was of a racist character. Les premières persécutions. § 4f-g). John Paul II. Vita. Klausner. The impropriety of this usage lies in the fact that the latter were martyred on behalf of the one true Catholic Faith. to designate the barbarous slaughter of Jews c arried out by the Nazi regime during World War II. vol. vol. Delassus. apud J. La persecution sous les Flaviens et Antonins. I. 1986. Les grandes persecutions du milieu du IIIe. 4. 77. was known to be sympathetic toward the Jews (Cf. . 507. De vita Constantini. 405. 2. “Indeed. whereas the Jews practice a false religion. Pionii. Ibid. F. Bréhier. Nero’s favorite lover. 83. siècles. p. vol. 3.. B.. III. Paris. Histoire des . 149.. Tertullian. mindful of her common patrimony with the Jews. G. without distinc tion. 75. as if such views followed from the Holy Scriptures. XVIII. vol. p. Bardy. 79. vol. 4. Antiquitates iudaicae. Histoire de l’Eglise. May 3. Lebreton. 4. Vernet. 6. 1658. 166. pp. 1665. 638. apud F. Ibid. Flavius Josephus. 1882. Histoire de l’Eglise . Histoire de l’Eglise. St. siècle et la période de paix religieuse de 260 … 302. 85. The Jews who frequented Nero’s palace. Ibid. In his Commentary on the Holy Scriptures. Cornelius A Lapide asserts: “The first persecution waged by the pagans [against the Christians] was provoked by the Jews and through the Jews. 89.. Juifs et Chrétiens. vol. ibid. Fliche & Martin. J. apud J. 92. See also Jacques Zeiller. 91. 86. Fliche & Martin. La conjuration antichrétienne. Pereira. Saint Jacques et Saint Jean. 84. 290). and displays of anti-Semitism direc ted against the Jews at any time and from any source” (NA. Moreover. XIII. apud F. 76. she deplores the hatred. col. p. employed to create a climate of c ompassion and sympathy for the Jews. p. Further. Le siège romain. cols. 74. are thought to have denounced the Christians as authors of the c riminal fire. Eusebius. Epístolas dos Apóstolos e Apocalypse. 72. Bardy & L. nor upon the Jews of today. Polycarpi. Cic ero. Fliche & Martin. happened in His passion c annot be blamed upon all the Jews then living. 3. 683. Zeiller. p. XIII-XIV. G. ibid. 88. XVIII. XII. April 14-15. Zeiller. In his first Apology (1:31). 87. Vernet. col. 4. 9:36. Alloc ution in the Synagogue. and motivated by the Gospel’s spiritual love and by no politic al c onsiderations. St. Juifs et Chrétiens . L’Osservatore Romano. c ols. the Churc h repudiates all persec utions against any man. They spread the calumny that the minds of the Christians were filled with “ideas of heavenly vengeance. Hist. 157. III-IV. 82. vol. Flic he & Martin. p. p. The word “holoc aust" is often used. Adversus Gnosticos Scorpiace. L’expansion Chrétienne aux Ve.’” La Civiltà Cattolica. La législation impériale relative aux Chrétiens. 1986. J. “Ebrei e cristiani ‘fratelli’ nel ‘fratello Gesù.. Histoire de l’Eglise. 1. 243. Histoire de l’Eglise. above all by progressivists and the media. 90. Atticus de Constantinople et Cyrille d’Alexandrie. Zeiller. p. XVIII-XX. 22. vol. Oratio. Zeiller. XVII. It bec ame a c harac teristic talisman-word. book II. 81. Flic he & Martin.. Gregory Nazianzene. 1744. G. 54-5.. p. Histoire de l’Eglise . 526- open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. 1. Although the Churc h is the new people of God. Justin states: “Barc ochba ordered that the Christians – and only the Christians – undergo the most terrible tortures if they did not renege Jesus Christ and blaspheme against him” (XXXI. inappropriately comparing them to the first martyrs of the Church. p. apud H. et VIe. J. Juifs et Chrétiens . Jésus de Nazareth. pp. Les premières persécutions. protected by Popea. De Rosa.). Martyrium S. Tac ito. the Jews should not be presented as repudiated or cursed by God. 73. apud J. Histoire de l’Eglise.

Juifs et Chrétiens. notes that “the devil had dec ided to employ his favorite nation to turn the poison of his wic kedness against the servants of the true Religion” (Historiae. Delassus. May 3. Fabul. De Rosa. 3.. 102. Antisemitism. p. Bréhier. pp. Bernard Lazare.. vol. 2. Brohier. 684). B. Theodor. Haer. 298-300. was born in Nimes and died in Paris. vol.. 104. 5. Espasa-Calpe). vol. 106. Delassus. 112. 24-6. pp. 96. Figaro. 1885. 3. Delassus. Its History and Causes). 108. 1967. in it he described the Jewish role in the fostering of anti-Semitism. 95. Ibid. transformation. pp. he wrote for the Mercure de France. VII). 93. Bardy & L. Dicionario Italiano-Portugues: Svolta . narrating the massacre of Christians in Nedjran and transc ribing the letter sent by Dhu Nowas (or Dunaan) to the Arab sheik Almondar boasting of having killed 280 Catholic priests and inviting him to do the same in his territories. la fin du Règne et la succession d’Héraclius (638-641).turn. Bréhier. 1164-1167.. apud H. p. Raul Glaber. 526- 7. 262. 446. the republican government erected a statue in his honor (H. L’Antisemitisme. vol. 103. XLVII- LII. p.. Les rapports entre Rome et Constantinople. 3.. Bossuet. ibid. 1986.1. vol. L’Espagne Chrétienne. See also Rohrbacher. 2. Epiphanius. turnaround. Ibid. H. III. L’Ekthesis. p. p. 51. Ibid. Fliche & Martin. its history and causes. Dumas. pp. 464. 100. 115. La conjuration antichrétienne. siècles. apud H. Oeuvres Complètes . he entered the fight on behalf of Captain Dreyfus (Enciclopedia Universal Ilustrada.. La conjuration antichrétienne. 1. 116. son histoire et ses causes. Il Nuovo Zingarelli – Vocabulario della Lingua Italiana: Svolta . vol. 141.. Procès-verbal des séances de l’assemblée des députés francais professant la religion juive. Revolução e Contra-Revolução. With the outbreak of the Dreyfus affair in 1894.. open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. 107. 4. Holding largely anarchist and c lass struggle views. Ibid. repr. which resulted in the demoralization of the Army and monarchist circles in France. Chronicon. 97. 57. Histoire de l’Eglise. 94. L’expansion Chrétienne aux Ve. col. 105. Everton Florenzano. Part I.. R. pp. 1665. 62. 686. II. p. Entrétiens politiques et littéraires.. For more on the revolutionary proc ess. Delassus. a French writer and journalist. As a sign of gratitude. La querelle des images jusqu’au Concile iconoclaste de 754. Haer. 3. 5. G. 4. L. In 1894 he published L'Antisémitisme. Ibid. 111. p. pp. vol. 1. G. he published the poem La fiancée de Corinthe and later. 110. Aigrain. L. Bréhier.Explication de l’Apocalypse. 114. 684- 5. with other writers. La conjuration antichrétienne. figurative: important c hange: That disc overy bec kons a svolta in the history of science. Histoire de l’Eglise.. 99. 98. 55. F. and other publications. Chap. c hange. 1993. Ep. 1903. et VIe. Lazare. . 686-7.'” La Civiltà Cattolica.. 1167-1168. He bec ame one of the main characters of the famous Dreyfus affair. c hap. 5. vol. Nicola Zingarelli. Vernet. etc.. See box 113. 685. Athanasius.. pp. a medieval chronic ler. III. Le sentiment religieux et ses aberrations. in Paul Sam. Journal. son histoire. “Ebrei e c ristiani ‘fratelli’ nel ‘fratelo’ Gesù. London: Britons Publishing Co.lib.. 65-69.. La conjuration antichrétienne. ibid. 260 and 266. ibid. La conjuration antichrétienne. vol. Histoire Universelle de l’Eglise Catholique. III. H. ses causes. 73-75. 92. L. See also Adhemar de Chabannes. ad Solit. Delassus. vol. 7. 101. (Anti-Semitism. pp. São Paulo: Chevalerie. apud A. In collaboration with his c ousin. Bernard Lazare (1865-1903). vol. vol. 5. 2. 169. Ibid. Fliche & Martin. see Plinio Corrêa de Oliveira. pp. action of turning oneself around . New York: The International Library Publishing Co.. ibid. Paris: Berche & Tralin. vol. 109.

p. Greeting by the President of Rome’s Israelite Community. 9. 125. De Rosa. open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. Garaudy. the Jewish c hants and psalms performed there reflec t primarily the state of mind of those who arranged and carried out the program. 11. 5. 4:13-14). 118. p. April 14-15. In ocassione della visita del Pontefice Giovanni Paolo II. 122. a known Frenc h c ommunist writer. As in any ceremony. whic h shows its draconian face. 1986. especially the exc erpt: “For not through the law was the promise to Abraham. La Civiltà Cattolica ( well as to the communists. Possibility of conv ersion: Someone could object that I fail to c ontemplate the possibility that John Paul II was preparing a sagacious maneuver to c onvert the Jews. p. Communità Israelitica di Roma. whic h is why he went to the synagogue. The answer is simple. 129. In order to detec t their state of mind toward Catholics. but they that are the children of the promise” (Rom. the promise is made of no effect” (Rom. Further. which provided me a c opy of the bi-lingual booklet the Jews used in the c eremony. Hebrews 3. . That is to say. 8. April 14-15. 127. In other words..” is a referenc e to an Aesop’s fable in which the lion obliges the other animals to obey him for no reason exc ept by forc e. I analyze here only five of the seven Jewish rituals made during the visit of John Paul II to the synagogue of Rome. April 14-15. 117. 7. Criterium of analysis: I do not intend here to take univoc ally the symbolic meaning of the ceremonies held by the Jews on the oc casion of John Paul II’s visit to the synagogue of Rome as a doc trinal manifestation. straight from this booklet. April 14-15. whose texts are anodyne. . I am quoting. not they that are the c hildren of the flesh are the children of God. nor did the Jews show the least propensity toward this. Paul says: “For all are not (true) Israelites (heirs to the promises) that are of Israel. who were represented by John Paul II. 3261. a bit of a sense of propriety should suffice. or tautologic al argument. 9:6- 8). 1986. 128." L’Osservatore Romano. Since the end does not justify the means. See the next item. 124. it is not possible for any Catholic. The following texts are my translations from the Italian. L’Osservatore Romano. 1896. “Bec ause I am the lion. above all a Pope. May 3. “Ebrei e c ristiani ‘fratelli’ nel ‘fratelo’ Gesù. 1986. 1986. 5). 1986. 3:27-30. From Anathema to Dialogue. C. the analysis to be made here of the doc trinal meaning underlying the symbolism of the ceremony is not intended to go beyond this c riterium of c ommon sense. is a proposition that pretends to be an explication or proof of something but only repeats in identic al or equivalent terms what was intended to be proved. Many other passages c ould be cited that affirm the same. Petition of princ iple.. 123. 4. the objec tion lac ks any foundation.2. With this. that he should be heir of the world. 1917. Romans 2:25-29. Templo Maggiore. L’Osservatore Romano. p. . 262. 119. to c onvey the impression that he is abandoning the Faith in order to ac hieve a hypothetic al c onversion of the Israelites. For if they who are of the law be heirs. 126. 1986.. as well as the reaffirmation of their errors. . 273). p. 6. Sinc e I c ould not find a c lear ac count of exac tly which psalms were sung in the Catholic sources that I read – L’Osservatore Romano (April 14-15.. Now. p. Excluded were Psalms 118 (117 in the Vulgata) and 150 (150 in the Vulgata). was c onsidered a milestone in the dialogue between the Vatic an and Communism. Ex: Nostra aetate absolved the Jews of the crime of Deic ide bec ause it said it absolved them from such a c rime. praised conc iliar Vatican policy for having left off the c ondemnations in order to open up to the modern world . but through the justice of faith. Ibid. p. therefore. de Luc ia. and La Documentation Catholique (n. one can gauge the succ essive affronts made by the Jews to Catholics. one sees the reverse side of the c oin of the c onc iliar policy. The book by Roger Garaudy. 5. 116. 433) – I entered into c ontac t with the Synagogue of Rome.' 121.'” La Civiltà Cattolica. 4. p. Further on. or to his seed. in both the moral sphere and ac tual realm of fac ts. G. Therefore. "Cari amic i e fratelli ebrei e cristiani. 'this is so bec ause I want it to be and have the power to impose my will. L’Osservatore Romano. faith is made void. John Paul II did not make the least mention that the Jews should renounc e their false faith. p. 120. in another passage St.

3. 129. La conjuration antichré . Sionnisme. 131. 131. 135. Ibid. 1986. Posted August 12. Ibid. pp. 133. 1233-48. Ibid. L’Osservatore Romano. April 14-15. 130. H. p. 5. 137. vol. Ibid. 132. Inc. 5. Delassus. Ibid. L’Osservatore Romano. 136. Greeting by the President of Rome’s Israelite Community. 2005 Related Articles of Interest John Paul II Blessed by the Rabbis Benedict's Visit to the Synagogue of Cologne The Rational of Judgment Vatican II | Hot Topics | Home | Books | CDs | Search | Contact Us | Donate © 2002-2016 Tradition in Action. 134. p. April 14-15. 1986. All Rights Reserved open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. Ibid. Ibid.

open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API .