OCEAN TANKERS

Basic Safety and Security
Knowledge for Deck Crew

31 March 2006 Ocean Tankers 1
Basic English Knowledge

• Objectives
– To achieve a minimum knowledge of ship
structure.
– Attain a minimum English knowledge of ship
structure

Target Group – Boatswain, Able Bodied
Seamen and Ordinary Sailor

31 March 2006 Ocean Tankers 2
Basic Safety
1. What is your lifeboat duty? 3 What do you do when you hear lifeboat
– Bowman station alarm?
– Sternsheet • Put on helmet and boiler suit and
– Lowerer safety shoe.
– First aid party • wear life jacket
– Provision and blanket • put on extra clothing
– release gripes • muster at life boat station
– make fast painter
– Embarkation ladder 4 What do you do when you hear
emergency station?
– Put on helmet and boiler suit and
2. What is your fire fighting duty? safety shoe.
– Fire hose party – Muster at emergency station
– First aid party
– Lifeboat party
– Rescue party
– Engine room party

31 March 2006 Ocean Tankers 3
Basic Safety
5 What do you do when you see a fire in the 11 How many times you must lower the lifeboat
accomodation? to water level?
– Raise fire alarm One time every 3 months.
– try to put out the fire
– if not possible, rush to muster station
12. What is the oxygen content of gas free tank?
21 % by volume
6. Who is your safety officer?
The chief mate.
13. What is the hydro carbon content of gas free
tank?
7. What is DPA?
Designated person ashore 0 % by volume

8 Who is your DPA? 14 What is the name of the instrument that
Mr Ng Kwang Chiau measure oxygen?
Oxygen analyser
9 What is ISM?
International Safety Management 15 What is the name of the instrument that
measure hydro carbon?
10 How many times must you conduct lifeboat Combustible gas meter.
and fire drill.
One time every month.

31 March 2006 Ocean Tankers 4
Security
1. What is CSO? 7. Name some restricted areas on the
Company Security Officer ship?
Bridge, Engine room, Air condition
2. What is SSO? control room, Cargo control room,
accommodation, Steering gear, store
Ship Security Officer room.

3. What is SSP? 8. What are the 3 security levels?
Ship Security Plan Level 1, 2 and 3

4. Who is the CSO? 9 Where do you find security monitoring
Mr Ng Kwang Chiau procedures?
Appendix 13 of the SSP
5 Who is the SSO?
The Master 10 How many time must security drills be
conducted?
6 What is SSA? One time every three months.
Ship security alert system

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Basic Ship Construction
Pressure
Gauge

Aldis Lamp

Fire Wire

Alleyway

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Basic Ship Construction
Anchor Cable

Anchor
Ball

Emergency
Towing
Arrangement

Box Ventilator

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Basic Ship Construction
Binocular

Bitts /
Bollards

Engine Data
Logger

Booby hatch

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Basic Ship Construction

Closed Bow
Bow Chain Chock
Stopper

Engine room
Tank Cleaning
pump
Hatch
emergency
stop

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Basic Ship Construction
Anchor chain
stopper

Chronometer

Cargo pump
Closed chock emergency
stop

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Basic Ship Construction
Course Deck Crane
recorder

Clear View
Screen

Emergency
Escape
breathing device

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Basic Ship Construction
Split Drum

Windlass
Brake

Cruciform bitts

Echo sounder

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Basic Ship Construction

Foam
Valve
Fish Plate

Saveall/ Spill
Fog Horn/ Air
tank
Whistle

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Basic Ship Construction

Forward Gangway/
Mast Accommodation
ladder

Hydraulic
Air Motor
Motor

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Basic Ship Construction
Goose
Ventilator Grab Lines

Grease Nipple Gypsy

G
R

31 March 2006 Ocean Tankers
B
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o
p
e
ta
o 15

a s
a
rb
Basic Ship Construction

Gyro Hawse pipe
Compass cover

Helm
Indicator Hose
Rail

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Basic Ship Construction
Remote
Hydraulic
Hydraulic
block valve
valve

IG Shore
connection
Spectacle
blank

IG branch
Valve
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Basic Ship Construction
IGS control Intrinsically
panel safe lamp

Stairway
landing

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Basic Ship Construction
Lifeboat
Lifeboat
hook
lowering
assembly
handle

Manhole

skates

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Basic Ship Construction
Limit switch Reducer

Manifold Drain
Valve

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Basic Ship Construction
Manifold valve Mooring Rope
hatch

Mushroom
Pressure
Ventilators
Vacuum Valve

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Basic Ship Construction
RADAR Naviagtion Lights control
panel

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Basic Ship Construction
Reducer for Vapour
recovery

Repeater

Oil Monitoring Control Azimuth
Equipment panel Circle
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Basic Ship Construction
Rope guide

RPM
Indicator

Scupper

Scupper
Plug
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Basic Ship Construction

Fresh Water
Sounding Pipe

Manifold Spill
Tray
Smoke
detector

Spurling
Pipe

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Basic Ship Construction
Speed Log Spurling Pipe

Standing
Roller

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Basic Ship Construction
Heating Coils Bulkhead
valves

Stifferner Steering Wheel

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Basic Ship Construction
Fixed Tank Telegraph
cleaning
machine

Butterfly
nut Turnbuckle

Cargo Tank
Access Hatch
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Basic Ship Construction
Steering
Gear

Vapour
Lock valve

Wall
Ventilator

VHF set

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Basic Ship Construction
Pneumatic
pump/ Wilden
pump

Warping
Drum

SART

Fuel Oil Tank
high level
alarm
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Basic Ship Construction
Port Hole EPIRB
Wiper

Suez canal Light Remote Tank
Gauging
system

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Basic Ship Construction
MMC Tape
Rat Guards

Deck Seal

Embarkation
Ladder
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Basic Seamanship

For Boatswain, Able body seamen
and ordinary sailor

31 March 2006 Ocean Tankers 33
Basic Terms

A – Port Side
E – Port Quarter
B – Starboard Side
F – Starboard Quarter
C - Port Bow
G – Stem
D – Starboard Bow
H - Stern

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Basic Terms

A – Port Beam E - Dead Ahead
B – Starboard Beam F – Port Quarter
C – Starboard Bow G – Starboard Quarter
D – Port Bow H – Dead Astern

31 March 2006 Ocean Tankers 35
Basic Terms

Ship Going Ahead

Going Astern Ship

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Basic Terms
B
A A – Height

B – Air Draft

C C – Freeboard

D – Draft
D
E – Under Keel
E Clearamce

31 March 2006 Ocean Tankers 37
Basic Terms

Fore and Aft ATWARTSHIP

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Basic Terms
Anchor

Anchor
Cable

Bulbous Bow

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Basic Terms
Load Line
Plimsoll
Marks

Draft
Marks

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Flags Signal

A - Diver underwater

B – Loading and Discharging
dangerous cargo
G – I want a pilot

H – I have a pilot on board

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Flags Signal

O – Man overboard

P – Shore leave expires. Return to
vessel
Q - Quarantine

NC – My vessel in distress

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Night Signal

Ship more than 50 metres long
showing starboard side

Ship more than 50 metres long
showing port side

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Night Signal

Ship less than 50 metres showing
Port side lights

Ship less than 50 metres
showing starboard side lights
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Night Signal

Ship more than 50 metres coming
towards you

Ship stern light
31 March 2006 Ocean Tankers 45
Night and Day Signal

Ship NOT Ship restricted in
UNDER ability to manoeuvre
COMMAND

31 March 2006 Ocean Tankers 46
Night and Day Signal

Pilot vessel

Deep draft ship
31 March 2006 Ocean Tankers 47
Parts of the Derricks

31 March 2006 Ocean Tankers 48
Parts of the Derricks
Two Derricks working together is called
Union Purchase

15 – Topping Span
1 - Runner wire
9 – Topping block 22 – Preventer
8 – Goose neck
21, 26 27 – Steam Guy
13 – Cargo Block
7 , 7A – Derrick boom

12 – Heel block

14 – Cargo Hook

31 March 2006 Ocean Tankers 49
Cardinal Buoy

North East South West

31 March 2006 Ocean Tankers 50
Channel or Canal Buoy

Port Hand buoy

SHIP
Starboard Hand
buoy

31 March 2006 Ocean Tankers 51
Fire Fighting
Classes of Fire

Fires caused by paper,
wood, cloth, rubber, and
certain plastics.

Water
Extinguisher

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Fire Fighting

Fires caused
grease, gasoline,
oil.

Foam
carbon Extinguisher
dioxide

31 March 2006 Ocean Tankers 53
Fire Fighting
Classes of Fire

Electrical
Fire

dry
carbon chemical
dioxide powder

31 March 2006 Ocean Tankers 54
Fire Fighting

Metal
Fire

No common Extinguishers.
Special fire extinguisher use
Sodium Chloride and Argon
gas can be used

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Fire Fighting

31 March 2006 Ocean Tankers 56
Anchor Work
K – Bending on Shackle
F – Shank
J – Pea
I – Fluke
G – Tripping Arm
H – Crown

31 March 2006 Ocean Tankers 57
Mooring

AB– D– E– F– GH –Head
Stern lines Aft Foreward Foreward Line
Spring Spring Breast
C – Aft Line
Breast
Line
31 March 2006 Ocean Tankers 58
LifeBoat Equipment

2 boat hooks

Sea Anchor

2 buckets and 1
bailer
Crutches

2 rope painters
Oars

31 March 2006 Ocean Tankers 59
LifeBoat Equipment
2 axes
Fresh water

3 Graduated
Drinking
Containers
6 hand flares

Torch light

Whistle
First aid kit
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LifeBoat Equipment
Anti
seasickness
tablets
Jack knife

3 portable
radio
Fire
extinguisher

3 can openers
Fishing hook
and line
Food ration
Heliograph

31 March 2006 Ocean Tankers 61
Additional knowledge for
Boatswain

31 March 2006 Ocean Tankers 62
Lights and shapes

Trawler moving in the water Vessel at anchor

Vessel at anchor – day time
Fishing boat or trawler
31 March 2006 Ocean Tankers 63
Lights and shapes

Fishing boat moving in the water Towing less than 200 meter

Towing greater than 200 meter
Fishing boat or trawler
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Flag Signal

E - I am altering my course to
starboard
I - I am altering my course to port

M - I have a doctor on board

S - my engines are going full speed
astern
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Flag Signal

W - I require medical assistance

C – positive (affirmative)

N - Negative

V - I require assistance

31 March 2006 Ocean Tankers 66
Cargo System

Additional knowledge for
Boatswain and pump man

31 March 2006 Ocean Tankers 67
Gas Instrument
Oxygen centering Zeroing button

Voltage check

Oxygen Zero Check
20 percent scale of
Voltage centering 100 percent scale of LEL
Oxygen analyzer LEL
Combustible gas detector
31 March 2006 Ocean Tankers 68
Cargo terms

OBQ ( On board quantity ) – cargo found in
cargo tanks during inspection before loading

ROB ( Remaining On board ) – cargo found in
cargo tanks during inspection after discharge
31 March 2006 Ocean Tankers 69