Howto usethe lensesand Iensaccessories of the PolaroidMP-3LandCamera PolaroidMP-3 System .

f/4./22. lens. to | /125 sec.7 lntroduction The Polaroid MP-3 Land Camera is a versatile industrial camera. 4.5 to f 132. Srl in.All other features as on 5 in. Iens board. in self-cocking shutter with auto- matic "pre-set" aperture. 5-element macro lens. Therearefour lensesfor the MP'3 l. t /4. AII other features as on 5 in.7 to f. 3 in. 3. 5 in. (75mm) 4-element lens. f/4 to I /t6. 35mm. Built in iris diaphragm. lens. . and how they should be used. 2. 4 in./45. This booklet tells You what kind of job eaeh lens and aecessoryis designed to do. It enables you to photograph both flat coPY and solid objects with easeand sPeed. (l27mm) 4-element lens.5 to f. With the range of lenses and lens ac- cessories available for the MP-3 the reproduction ratio (the ratio of size of reproduetion to size of original) can be varied from extreme reduction in size to a magnification of about ten times life si ze(1 0: 1or 10x ) . (105mm) 4-element lens. sq. To be used with special lenseless shutter (see next section). and "B" setting. Built in "X" flash synchronization. Shutter speeds of 1 sec. f /4.

Lensless shutter #219: This can be o purchased as a separate accessory. both available from Pola- roid Corporation. The tube is screwed into the lensless shutter. lens (see MAcRopHoroc- RAPHY. if it is desired to use it only with the 3 in. sq. lens board. for the MP-3lenses Accessories The following accessories add to the versatility of the MP-3 lenses: l. 3 . thus providing a considerably Iengthened bellows extension. to | 1725sec.see the booklets now ro usE THE PoLARoTDup-3 LAND cAMERA FoR pHoroMrcRocRApHyand ttow ro usE THE poLARoIDup-3 LAND cAMERAFoR MAcRo- pHorocRAeuv. For full details on the use of the above accessories. This shutter has two uses: a. Light baffle tube #219: This is pro- vided together with the lensless shutter. It is used in the MP-3 without a cameralensfor photomicrography. 2. It is mounted in a 3rZ in. It enables photographic magnifieations of up to 10 times life sizeto be achieved. . A djus t able b e l l o w s e x te n s i o n u n i t: This is provided with each 35mm lens. and the microscope tube con- taining the photo-eyepiece is positioned inside the light baffie tube. b. It is used with the 35mm lens for macrophotography. and "X" flash synchroniza- tion. It is used only for photomicrography. This unit can also be purchased as a separate item. It is self-cocking and has speeds of from 1 6). The unit goesbetween the 35mm lens and lenslessshutter assembly and the eamera bellows.

If the shutter speed is set fast enough to prevent the available light level on the baseboard from affecting the film. lenses cover the entire area of 4 x 5 in. Only in macrophotography. so that there is never any need for a different lens. or 3rZ x 4t1 in. lens. and 3L/. and not by the shutter speed. the rightlensfor thejob Ghoosing For the purpose of selecting the right lens. Only when working on 35mm film. whieh is capable of making reproductions of up to life size. lenses should not be used for general copying with 4 x 5 in. The 4 in. 4 . and macrophotography. or !t/a x 4r/ in. If they are.Flashsynchronization When using electronie flash. This is not due to any shortcomings in your lenses. need the lensesof shorter focal lengths be used for the purpose of covering a larger area on the baseboard. will the 4 in. you will lose some of the light output of the bulb. If you use a faster speed.). films. lens is capable of taking in the entire area of the MP-8 baseboard that is evenly illuminated. and 3 in. but to basic optical facts. we can divide photography with the MP-3 into two basic types. the edges and corners of the pictures may be less sharp and darker than they should be. When using flash bulbs. These involve general copying. You cannot stop fast motion with the use of flash bulbs. the fastest shutter speed that should be used is 1/30 sec. General copying-reduction in size: Virtually all of this work should be done with the 5 in. where an extra long bellows extension is used. 1. any shutter speed setting can be used. the 5 in. or other miniature formats. where the original is reproduced life size or larger. and 3 in. where the original flat copy or solid object is reduced in size to a greater or lesser degree. film. films satisfactorily. the movement stopping ability is determined by the flash duration (about 1/1000 sec. When working with 4 x 5 in. x 4t1 in.

---:-===*l5ld€*5*4*- . attach it you do. or 311 x 4fu Standard baseboard. 3Va x 4L/ein. CoryrNc-RpoucrroN tN SIzo. 35 mm Camera model Standard XL Standard XL Standard XL 5 in. then the 4 in. (The 35mm lens eannot of the MP-3 can be rotated through 90o. on the MP-8 XL baseboard. the edges and corners of your to a wall and use the MP-3 horizontally. you are attempting to reproduce an on this page. because that is where the tion. How far you can reduce the size of the original: The higher the camera on the column. the smallest possiblereproduction ratio (about 67) is achievedwith the cameraat the top of the column of the Model XL cameraand . the greater will be the reduction in size of the original in the finished picture with any specific lens. be sure to place with the camera at the top of the column. Iens 16 x 20** 20 x 24** 15x 20** 18 x 24** 5 x 8 8 x 12 4 in. and that the lights themselves are not permitted to throw reflectionstoward the cameralens. Do not be tempted to use a shorter 20 x 24 in.. or one larger than in. pictures will be less sharp and darker than as describedabove. If To reduce larger: material.Thus. *** See GoNonar. or to enable you to Ionger be entirely even. cover an even larger area of the wall. on the MP-3 use the 5 in. the reduced image in the center of the the 5 in. Here again. ** This is also the maximum area that is evenly illuminated by the lights of this camera model. lens to enable you to get closer to the Beyond those areas the lighting will no original material. always Iarger than 16 x 20 in. Approximate maximum copy area on the MP-3 baseboard*for each film size (in inches) Film size 4x5in. lens should lens will give its best possible quality. For any specific height of camera above the base- board. original at an extremely reduced size. picture area. on page 4.An exception: One of the shorter lenses be used instead. The right hand light arm of the MP-3 Approximate greatest reduction (in /s ot must be removed and the original must be o r i g i n a l s i z e ) p o s s i b l ew i t h e a c h l e n s a n d lit by other lighting. When doing the above. lens Not recommended*** Not recommended*** 6 r l x 7 0 l 0 x l1! 3 in.) size to be copied by fixing it to a wall and Never try to reduce an original that is photographing it there. the reduction is increased as the Iens focal length is decreased. lens with 4 x 5 in. Seethe table showing the could be used in the very rare case where greatest reduction possiblewith each lens. It is essentialthat the cameramodel lighting over the entire area to be eopied be absolutely even. or the 3 in. lens doesnot give sufficient reduc. Iens. be focused for a reduced image in the enabling material of almost unlimited MP-3. lens Not recommended*** Not recommended*{<* 1 0 x 1 5 1 4 x 20 * The copy area can be greatly increased by rotating the MP-3 camera head through 90 degrees and mounting the material to be photographed on a wall (Seebelow). they should be. Extra large originals: The eamera head with the 3 in. If. film.

(105m m )lens up to 1. which is also available from your Polaroid office. EXPosURE GUrDE FoR MP-3 cAMERA AND poLARoID LAND FILMS. should always be set to wide open. enables you to compute the correct ex- posure for any reproduction size. HOW TO USE THE POLAROID MP-3 LAND cAMERA FoR MAcRopHorocRApHy. If you do. leaving the bellowsextensionunit at its shortestsetting. (75mm) lens with bellows extensionunit* 35mm lens with lenslessshutter** 2:I to 6:1 magnification 35mm lens with lenslessshutter** and bellows extensionunit 6:1 to about 10:1 + Do not go smaller than the 2:1 reproduction ratio with this combination. For full information you are advised to read the special booklet. (127 mm) lens up to life size (1:1) 4 i n . avail- able from your nearest Polaroid office. if it has one. Only when the camera bellows have been extended fully should you start extending the exten- sion unit to get extra lens to film distance. Adjust the lens aperture on the 35mm lens itself. 6 . Lens and accessories Reproductionratio range 5 in. your image will not cover the entire picture area. ** The adjustable diaphragm of the lenslessshutter.5:1 magnification 3 i n . Always extend the camera bellowsfirst. phy Generalmacrophotogra technique Macrophotography demands special fo- cusing techniques. or by a table which does not allow for the necessaryexposure compensation. The table. (7 5m m ) lens up to 2:1 magnification 3 in.2. Also. Macrophotogra phy-reproduction life size or larger: The table below showsthe reproduction ratio range that it is possible to achieve with each of the MP-3 eamera lenses. to avoid vignetting. the long camera bellows extensionsused in macro work re- quire the exposure to be increased by a specific amount beyond that indicated by an exposuremeter.

/4. lens. On the 5 in../22 1/30 sec.&*.s**ahAs4*ee . A specific f-number setting lets through half the light of the next lower setting and double the light of the next higher setting.. at | /16 1/60 sec. this extends from f /4. Therefore. ll7 | /I25 sec. o . . for example.7 to I/45. each of which give effec- tively the same exposure to the film. at f. For example.7 the Iens is wide open. which is dis- cussed in the next section. Thus. it is possible to use one of a series of shutter speed and lens aperture combinations. at I l8 The f-number setting has an important effect on the depth of field. the following will all give the film approximately the same exposure: 1/15 sec. f-numbers Each Iens has an f-number scale.. The lowest f-number signifiesthe largest lens opening and the highest f-number stands for the smallest f. The f-number setting con- trols the size of the aperture in the Iens o through which light is permitted to travel to the film. It is thus partly responsiblefor the amount of exposuregiven to the film.

the buc kled and lifted a little after f /8./16. this will not reproductionratio. the depth of field extends roughly one third its total distance toward the camera lens from the point of sharpest focus. However. may be tempted to use the shortest pos- raphy: Depth of field is dependent not sible lens in order to get the greatest pos- only on the f. in macrophotog- raphy. increased. and two thirds the distance on the far side of the point of sharpestfocus. depth of field is NOT From the above it will be clear that it is dependent on the focal length of the lens. or a combination of two or more of these./22 will give greater depth of field than one of A s h o rter focal l ength l ens w i l l not gi ve L/125 see.cATNo60l focusing the camera. For example. within which the lens records the objeet with acceptablesharpness. To make the greatest possibleuse of the depth of field available. Thus. Suppose the camera is focused sharply on the point (A) of a ruler. no matter which lens is used. behind and in front of the point of sharpestfocus on the object. you greater depth of field: If you have some generalphotographic knowledge. then the depth of field on the ruler will cover the distance from (D) to (E). The greater the depth of field. the depth of field will always be advisable when photographing flat copy. the depth generally extends an equal distance on both sides of the point of sharpest focus. these facts should be remembered when . but also on the sible depth of field. The range of acceptablesharpnesswill extend a little beyond (A) on both sides. decrease as the image magnification is Remember that in macrophotography.Depthof field Depth of field is the distaneerange. whieh is tilted at an angle to the lens. greater will the depth of field become. or (2) the focusing had not been done quite accurately. or (3) the original had 8 . original is aimed De p th is m os t lim it e d i n m a c ro p h o to g . always advisable in macro work to use but only on the f-number and on the re- the smallest possible lens aperture. the less chance there is of the picture being par- tially or totally unsharp because (1) the original was not lying entirely horizontally. f. the same. at a 2:L this is particularly important in the reproduction ratio and an f-number setting photography of solid objects. at a specific f-number. The more you closedown the lens aper- ture (to a higher f-number setting). While production ratio. However. but will only make your operating f-number setting. an exposureof 1/15 sec. it extendsfrom the plane (B) to the plane (C). In the macro range. If. the depth of field will conditions more cramped and difficult. it is also of. In general photography. When using any specific help. depth of where a specific magnification of the field is always extremely limited.

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2 in. buying such a filter. Sections (A) to (D) below apply Qcg to these.) are also available.. Attached to the lens by a Series6 adapter It is possible to use glass filters of size ring for 42mm dia. filter should be mounted in a filter frame You can also get screw-in filters. Some of the 35mm lenseshave a smaller front lens mount. type. sq. Takes glass filters in the size diameter. Attached to this is a Series5 to 6 Series6. Howto attachfilters On the right are shown the more common methods of attaching filters to the MP-3 lenses. The ring is To be sure you get the exact right size. sq. attached to the lens by the set screw. Lenses which are marked PRE-sETon the side of the mount are automatically opened to their widest aperture when you press the "shutter open" arm of the MP-3. To be sure you get exactly Other alternatives for the 35mm lens the right size. type describedunder (D). Series 5 adapter ring with set serew. Section (E) applies to these.Focusing It is advisable to foeus the camera with the lens set to its largest aperture. lens mount. 5 adapter ring. lensesand some of the 35mm lenses for the MP-3 have an outer lens mount diameter of 42mm.take the lens with you to the w i th 2 7 mm di a. of the before insertion into the holder. 42mm lens mount diameter. Series5 adapter rings of the screw-in D. The gelatin Series5 in the Series5 adapter ring alone. gelatin filter frame holder can be attached to the Series5 to 6 Step-up ring and Series C.Also. These the other lenses. All the 5-in. Step-up ring. Screw-in glass filter. to fit the smaller lens. screw into the thread on the inner face of the lens mount. Series 6 adapter ring for lens with thread on the inner face of the lens mount. gelatin filter frame holder. of diameter 27mm. B. On other lensesthe aperture must be openedmanually. This device enables you to Series 6 adapter rings of the screw-in use filters of size Series6 for this. screws into the type can also be used. A. SeeSection (B). 4-in. dealer. 10 . for lens with 42mm lens mount for 35mm lens with 27mm lens mount diameter. take the lens with you to the dealer when Takes glassfilters in the size Series6. This will give you the brightest possibleimage on the ground glass. as you closethe lens down any possible visual error in fo- cusing is eliminated by the gain in depth of field. Series 6 adapter ring of the slip-on E. as for all type (39mm dia. and 3-in. when purchasing such a ring. for use on this lens. l ens mount: The 2 i n.