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building or construction lime—a lime whose chemical and poses physical characteristics and method of processing make it C270 Specification for Mortar for Unit Masonry suitable for the ordinary or special construction uses of the C602 Specification for Agricultural Liming Materials product.astm.3 The composition of a limestone should be given in terms the air in sufficient quantity to show physical signs of of a percentage of the carbonates present. alkaline earth solutions (AES)—an aqueous solution of the rial should be determined. the year of last revision. table. hydroxides. West Conshohocken. www.1 ASTM Standards:2 C207 Specification for Hydrated Lime for Masonry Pur. Last previous edition approved in 2007 as C51 – 07. It whose calcium and magnesium content is capable of neu. is advised that the specific compositions. high-calcium hydraulic hydrated lime. 1. and carbonates of calcium and magnesium which results from the exposure of quicklime to 1. C1707 Specification for Pozzolanic Hydraulic Lime for by-product lime—by-product limes include a variety of Cal- Structural Purposes cium and/or Calcium/Magnesium compounds that are usable for specific applications but generally do not meet one or 3.2 Where appropriate. visit the ASTM website. material consists almost entirely of carbonates.” (Examples: dolomitic quicklime. United States 1 . See it is usually assumed that the quicklime). clature Current edition approved June 1. Referenced Documents method or process. refer to the standard’s Document Summary page on calcination being for the purpose of activation of pozzolanic the ASTM website. calcium. be strongly alkaline. PO Box C700.brochero@sgs. 2 calcined pozzolans—materials that are produced by calcina- For referenced ASTM standards. Copyrighted material licensed to SGS SA. Terminology more specifications required of primary lime products. such contact ASTM Customer Service at service@astm. often referred to as “aglime” is the predominate should be prefixed with one or other of the adjectives “high.) of the oxides. tralizing soil acidity. 1 This terminology is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee C07 on Lime calcareous—originating from predominately calcium carbon- and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee C07. Originally approved calcia—the chemical compound calcium oxide (CaO).08 on Editorial and Nomen. Scope* agricultural limestone—ground or pulverized limestone 1. Where this assumption is not valid. DOI: 10. In limestone of hydration (difficult to determine visually in pulverized interest to the lime industry. in the case of revision.1 This terminology refers to the terms relating to lime and whose calcium and magnesium content is capable of neu- limestone products as used by the industry.” “magnesian. See Specification C602. No further reproduction or distribution permitted. 2011. the percentage of noncarbonate mate. or tion of natural siliceous or alumino-siliceous earths. and anticipated variabilities of such materials be evaluated for the service intended.1520/C0051- 11. Printed / viewed by: [maribel.4 For specific application of lime or a limestone product. magnesian air-slaked lime—the product containing various proportions or dolomitic limestone. 1. These solutions may 1. This standard has been approved for use by agencies of the Department of PA 19428-2959. see the appropriate ASTM specification. A superscript epsilon (´) indicates an editorial change since the last revision or reapproval. DISCUSSION—Agricultural lime is a very powerful neutralizing agent. physical properties. such as calcium or magnesium. available lime index—those constituents of a lime which enter into a desired reaction under the conditions of a specific 2. A number in parentheses indicates the year of last] @ 2015-07-24 Designation: C51 − 11 Standard Terminology Relating to Lime and Limestone (as used by the Industry)1 This standard is issued under the fixed designation C51. 100 Barr Harbor Drive. and the composition expressed in oxide or hydroxide of an element of group IIa in the periodic terms of the carbonate material present. material for soil pH adjustment. 2. tralizing soil acidity. properties. For Annual Book of ASTM Standards volume information. agricultural lime—either ground quicklime or hydrated lime Examples include lime kiln dust and lime hydrator rejects. the number immediately following the designation indicates the year of original adoption or. *A Summary of Changes section appears at the end of this standard Copyright © ASTM International. ate or one of its derivative forms. performance characteristics. the various terms defined below Agricultural limestone.” or “dolomitic. in 1922. Published July 2011.

mono-hydrated lime—dolomitic lime which has been hy- hydraulic hydrated lime—the hydrated dry cementitious drated at atmospheric pressure and contains more than 8 % product obtained by calcining a limestone containing silica unhydrated oxides. to form sufficient free lime (CaO) to permit hydration. magnesian. fluxing lime—a term referring to quicklime used as an agent in the manufacture of steel or glass. marl. magnesian. masonry purposes. droxide (Mg(OH)2) alone or in combination may be produced either droxide (Mg(OH)2) alone or in combination may be produced either primarily or as a by-product of materials other than limestone. magnesia—the chemical compound magnesium oxide (MgO). limestone—an initially sedimentary rock consisting chiefly of calcium carbonate or of the carbonates of calcium and dolomitic—indicates the presence of 35 to 46 % magnesium magnesium. and slag lime putty) for use in the finish coat of plaster. high-calcium—indicates the presence of 0 to 5 % magnesium magnesian limestone—see limestone. was formed.brochero@sgs. magnesian—indicates the presence of 5 to 35 % magnesium magnesian. No further reproduction or distribution permitted. calcium DISCUSSION—The chemical forms of calcium oxide (CaO). masons quicklime—quicklime suitable (after slaking to a lime hydrated lime—a dry powder obtained by treating quicklime putty) for use for masonry purposes. Limestone may be of high calcium. for primarily or as a by-product of materials other than limestone. Ca(OH)2 formed by acetylene generation from calcium carbide (CaC2). DISCUSSION—The chemical forms of calcium oxide (CaO). fluxstone—a term referring to limestone (high-calcium. magnesium oxide (MgO). high-calcium limestone—see limestone. carbonate (MgCO3) in the limestone from which the material masons hydrated lime—hydrated lime suitable for use for was formed. finishing quicklime—quicklime suitable (after slaking to a limestone. the same time. water treatment sludges. droxide (Mg(OH)2) alone or in combination may be produced either droxide (Mg(OH)2) alone or in combination may be produced either primarily or as a by-product of materials other than limestone. calcium hydroxide (Ca(OH)2). DISCUSSION—The chemical forms of calcium oxide (CaO). liming material—a general term which includes the various chemical and physical forms of matierals such as lime. calcium DISCUSSION—The chemical forms of calcium oxide (CaO). carbonate (MgCO3) in the limestone from which the material ture of iron and steel or glass. carbide (CaC2). magnesium oxide (MgO). hydrated lime. whose calcium and magnesium compounds are capable of neutralizing acidity. hydrated lime or lime putty. and contains less than 8 % unhydrated oxides. etc. or magnesium hy- hydroxide (Ca(OH)2). byproduct lime. carbide (CaC2). and hydraulic it suitable for one or more of the many and varied chemical lime. magnesium oxide (MgO). etc. for example. calcium hydroxide (Ca(OH)2). matrix that provides resistance to subsequent hydration and recombination with carbon dioxide. or magnesium hy- hydroxide (Ca(OH)2). finishing hydrated lime—hydrated lime suitable for use in the finish coat of plaster. Copyrighted material licensed to SGS SA. Ca(OH)2 formed by acetylene generation from calcium example. magnesium oxide (MgO). requirements. for example. etc. water treatment sludges. water treatment sludges. water treatment sludges. It consists essentially quicklime) in water in such proportions as to resemble milk of calcium hydroxide or a mixture of calcium hydroxide and in appearance. chemical lime—a quicklime or hydrated lime whose chemical lime—a general term which includes the various chemical and and physical characteristics and method of processing make physical forms of quicklime. lime mortar—a lime putty mixed with an aggregate. or both. with water enough to satisfy its chemical affinity for water milk of lime—a suspension of hydrated lime (or slaked under the conditions of its hydration. magnesium oxide or magnesium hydroxide. carbonate (MgCO3) in the limestone from which the material or dolomitic. mollusk shells. 46 % magnesium carbonate (MgCO3). or dolomitic) used as an agent in the manufac. 2 . and at mason’s sand and water. Ca(OH)2 formed by acetylene generation from calcium example. heated with or without additives to a temperature sufficiently lime putty—the product obtained by slaking quicklime with high and for a long enough time to decompose the carbonate water according to the directions of the manufacturer or by structure so as to form calcium oxide and periclase in a mixing hydrated lime and water to a desired consistency. and alumina to a temperature short of incipient fusion so as sists of hydraulic cement. Printed / viewed by: [maribel. or] @ 2015-07-24 C51 − 11 Cement-Lime Mortar—Cement-Lime Mortar primarily con. or magnesium hy. etc. (1) dolomitic limestone—limestone containing from 35 to dolomitic limestone—see limestone. leaving unhydrated sufficient calcium sili- DISCUSSION—These mortars can be specified by proportions or cates to give a dry powder meeting hydraulic property properties indicated in Specification C270. Ca(OH)2 formed by acetylene generation from calcium carbide (CaC2). suitable dead burned dolomite—dolomitic limestone that has been for masonry purposes. and industrial uses of the product. for primarily or as a by-product of materials other than limestone. (3) high-calcium limestone—a limestone containing from 0 to 5 % MgCO3. was formed. di-hydrated or double hydrated lime—dolomitic lime which (2) magnesium limestone—a limestone containing from 5 has been hydrated under greater than atmospheric pressure to 35 % MgCO3. or magnesium hy. It may be high-calcium.

For quicklime sizes—the different sizes depending upon the type example. (3) ground. either qualitative an absorptive surface as measured by the Emley Plasticime. workability when subjected to pressure against the suction of which can be monitored by some measure. and mended temperature of 25 °C. quicklime—a calcined limestone. quicklime). droxide (Mg(OH)2) alone or in combination may be produced either primarily or as a by-product of materials other than limestone. material is removed. relative to a specific temperature. No further reproduction or distribution permitted. screened or granular—1⁄4 in. paintlike coating. calcium pozzolanic properties. Ca(OH)2 formed by acetylene generation from calcium basis of a material in which the volatile fraction of that carbide (CaC2). which can be greatly affected by temperature. it is commonly used to ter. 20 (850- µm) sieve. smaller. (4) pulverized—substantially all passing a No. quicklime and/or a Portland Cement-Lime Mortar (PCL)—See Cement-Lime related material and another substance such as water. stucco—an exterior cementious-lime-finishing system applied DISCUSSION—Specification C1707 modifies this definition with the to a suitable substrate on the surfaces of buildings and addition of air entrainment or cement. or quantitative. structures. Printed / viewed by: [maribel. particularly (2) pebble or crushed—21⁄2 in. (6. the loss on ignition is of limestone. (64 mm) and smaller. slaking—the chemical reaction that produces hydrated lime pozzolanic hydraulic lime (PHL). in the natural] @ 2015-07-24 C51 − 11 natural pozzolans—materials that. in lime and limestone. and other materials to be used as a sium oxide. water treatment sludges. capable of slaking with water. kind of kiln used. such as some volcanic ash and lava hydroxide (Ca(OH)2). 3 . or treatment subsequent to considered to be the volatile fraction. acid or Mortar.4 mm) and sure alkaline earth solutions (AES) at a specific recom.brochero@sgs. refer to the reaction between limestone. n—a powder produced by when quicklime and water are mixed. for non-volatile—term used to denote the calculated chemical example. the blending or intergrinding of not less than 25 % by binder weight of Specification C207 Type S hydrated lime with one spray lime—a hydrated lime of such fineness that at least 95 % or more pozzolan and inert filler. Copyrighted material licensed to SGS SA. In the Lime Industry. from a kiln. 325 (45-µm) sieve. the major part of which is white wash—a combination of hydrated lime (or slaked calcium oxide or calcium oxide in association with magne. The sizes commonly recognized are as follows: pH—the negative logarithm of the hydrogen ion concentration. (203 mm) and smaller. chemically react with alkali and alkaline earth hydroxides at run-of-kiln quicklime—quicklime as drawn or discharged ordinary temperatures to form or assist in forming com. SOx pozzolan—a siliceous or alumino-siliceous material that in refractory lime—lime (usually of a dolomitic type) that has itself possesses little or no cementitious value but that in been extremely hard burned so that it will possess little or no finely divided form and in the presence of moisture will tendency for conversion of the oxides to hydroxides. or magnesium hy- deposits. under alkaline conditions. pounds possessing cementitious properties. (1) large lump—8 in. Specification C207 shall be used if shown to be not detrimental to the soundness of the material. exhibit DISCUSSION—The chemical forms of calcium oxide (CaO). water. etc. plasticity—a comparative physical property of a standard consistency lime putty to resist the loss of plastic state reactivity—reactivity is the reaction between substances. It is therefore important to mea. magnesium oxide (MgO). calcining. Type N hydrated lime of of the particles will pass a No.

org). 4 . 2011) (1) Added definition of pozzolanic hydraulic lime (PHL). that may impact the use of this terminology. This standard is copyrighted by ASTM International. If you feel that your comments have not received a fair hearing you should make your views known to the ASTM Committee on Standards.astm. Copyrighted material licensed to SGS SA. Printed / viewed by: [maribel. PO Box (e-mail). West Conshohocken. 100 Barr Harbor Drive. No further reproduction or distribution permitted. either reapproved or] @ 2015-07-24 C51 − 11 SUMMARY OF CHANGES Committee C07 has identified the location of selected changes to this terminology since the last issue. This standard is subject to revision at any time by the responsible technical committee and must be reviewed every five years and if not revised. Your comments will receive careful consideration at a meeting of the responsible technical committee. 610-832-9555 (fax). which you may COPYRIGHT/). or through the ASTM website (www.brochero@sgs. (Approved June 1. at the address shown below. or service@astm.astm. United States. PA 19428-2959. C51–07. Your comments are invited either for revision of this standard or for additional standards and should be addressed to ASTM International Headquarters. Permission rights to photocopy the standard may also be secured from the ASTM website (www. Individual reprints (single or multiple copies) of this standard may be obtained by contacting ASTM at the above address or at 610-832-9585 (phone).