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Values following in parentheses are 4. 100 Barr Harbor Drive. see X1.astm. PA 19428-2959. Last previous edition approved in 2009 as C472–99(2009). or gypsum (excluding those in tables and figures) are not requirements of concrete. Department of Defense.1.3 The values regarded as the standard are either in In order to obtain accurate results. It is the 5. which provide explanatory material. 20–30 sand.4 The text of this standard references notes and footnotes is a convenience. and prepares the sample for subsequent These test methods are under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee C11 on Gypsum and Related Building Materials and Systems and are the direct responsi- testing. gypsum plasters. or Current edition approved April 1. priate safety and health practices and determine the applica.1 Gypsum products are greatly affected by small amounts Density 13 of impurities introduced by careless laboratory manipulation. C11 Terminology Relating to Gypsum and Related Building Materials and Systems 1. if any. Originally contact ASTM Customer Service at service@astm. associated with its use.2 Standard Sand— Specification C778. gypsum plasters. A number in parentheses indicates the year of last reapproval. Reagents and Materials safety concerns.1 Definitions: Normal Consistency of Gypsum Plaster 8 Normal Consistency of Gypsum Concrete 9 3. 1.com] @ 2014-07-01 Designation: C472 − 99 (Reapproved 2014) Standard Test Methods for Physical Testing of Gypsum. Copyright © ASTM International.1 Significance and Use—This test method determines the free water contained in gypsum. Copyrighted material licensed to SGS SA.1520/C0472-99R14. For referenced ASTM standards. and gypsum 1 concrete samples.1 Distilled or Deionized Water—free of chlorides and responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appro. which will cause inaccurate test results. These notes and footnotes NOTE 2—Use care when drying gypsum. PO Box C700. refer to the standard’s Document Summary page on 10. DOI: Standards volume information.1 For useful definitions refer to Terminology C11.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the 5. in the case of revision. For a specific 6. For Annual Book of ASTM approved in 1961. Remove all approximate and are provided for information purposes only.01 on Specifications and Test Methods for Gypsum 2 Products. traces of set plaster. visit the ASTM website.1.1 ASTM Standards:2 gypsum. the number immediately following the designation indicates the year of original adoption or. specimens. and gypsum concrete. Free Water precautionary statement. Referenced Documents 1.1. gypsum plasters. Exceeding the specified drying temperatures may calcine the the standard. a 500-ml rubber dental bowl 1. Precautions for Physical Tests Compressive Strength 12 4. 1. This standard has been approved for use by agencies of the U. 5. Published April 2014. sulfates at a temperature of 21 6 1°C (70 6 2°F). the ASTM website. www. bility of regulatory limitations prior to use. NOTE 1—For mixing pastes and mortars.2. United States 1 . 1.org. No further reproduction or distribution permitted. the year of last revision. Gypsum Plasters and Gypsum Concrete1 This standard is issued under the fixed designation C472. 6. Setting Time 10 Setting Time (Temperature Rise Method) 11 4. The values stated first shall be observe the following precautions: regarded as the standard.brochero@sgs. Scope 2.1 Keep all apparatus thoroughly clean. Terminology Free Water 6 Fineness 7 3. West Conshohocken.org.1 These test methods cover the physical testing of 2. 2014. bility of Subcommittee C11. Printed / viewed by: [maribel.S. it is absolutely essential to inch-pound units or SI (metric). A superscript epsilon (´) indicates an editorial change since the last revision or reapproval.2 The test methods appear in the following sections: C778 Specification for Sand Sections E11 Specification for Woven Wire Test Sieve Cloth and Test Sieves Precautions for Physical Tests 4 Reagents and Materials 5 3.

1%. Normal Consistency of Gypsum Plaster cool in a desiccator (6. if the largest particles are more than 25 mm (1 in. A. ASTM. 1)3 shall consist of a bracket.5 g passes through during 1 min of sieving. attached to the lower end of the rod. No further reproduction or distribution permitted. B—Plunger support rod E—Lock screw NOTE 5—When sieving by hand through a 150-µm (No. sieve or passing particular sieves in accordance with the lent desiccant.2.3 mm in diameter and of suitable length to fit the Vicat Bracket.2 Apparatus: retained material temporarily to another vessel.4 Report—Report the percent by weight retained on each 6. transfer the FIG. Fineness apex angle of 53° 08 min and a height of 45 mm shall be 7. “An Improved Method for the tween the results of this test method and service performance Normal Consistency of Gypsum Plasters.3-mm (1⁄4-in.) in diameter.1 Significance and Use—This test method covers a proce. When not more than 0. With these limitations the size of sample to be used is left to the discretion of the operator. Then transfer all the retained material back into the sieve and continue sieving. G—Weight Continue without brushing until not more than 0.1 Determine fineness by sieving a known weight of the dried sample through sieves of the specified sizes (Note 3 and Note 4). and tap the side of the sieve with the palm of the hand. original weight of the sample as received to a precision of 8. has not been determined.2 Drying Oven. Copyrighted material licensed to SGS SA. 3 This method is described by Kuntze.2 Retain the dried sample in an airtight container until determine the volume of water required for mixing gypsum used for the fineness test (Section 7). A conical plunger made of aluminum with an 7.1 Balance.1 Significance and Use—This test method is used to 6.2.5 g passes each sieve in a one minute interval. then 8. If the material will pass a 6.brochero@sgs.3 Procedure: 7. p. Printed / viewed by: [maribel.3 Desiccator. If the sieve openings become clogged.4 Report—Report the loss in weight as a percentage of the strength tests.2.2 Balance. 1 Modified Vicat Apparatus (Conical Plunger Method) 2 .. 7. A. 35.2 Apparatus: 7. set at 45 6 3°C. The degree of correlation be. NOTE 3—For suggested method of sieving gypsum through a 45-µm (No.2. 8. R. 6. capable of weighing not less than 500 g at sheet of paper on the table and tap it sharply against the table.2. material specification to the nearest full percentage point.3. 100) sieve. 8. as received to the nearest 0.3. Place in an oven (6. plaster when performing the setting time and compressive 6.5 Precision and Bias—The precision and bias of the free ratus (Fig.2) and dry for 2 h. bearing a movable water test method have not been determined. NOTE 4—The sizes of the sieves to be used are given in the specifica. expressed as a percentage of the weight of the original sample. use that time as the standard sieving time for that test procedure on that machine. with each type of material and sieve size combination to be used. brass rod.1 g.2.5 Precision and Bias—The precision and bias of the 6.1 Weigh a sample of not less than 500 g of the material fineness test method have not been determined.3 Procedure: 7. 6. as required by a particular gypsum or gypsum plaster specification. B. The size of the sample to be used in determining fineness depends upon the particle size of the material. Weigh the amount of material retained on each sieve and calculate the fineness. use not less than a 1000-g sample.2. 246.3.3. containing calcium chloride or equiva. a precision of 0. 325) sieve. May 1960.com] @ 2014-07-01 C472 − 99 (2014) 6. 6.3 Mechanical Sieving Machine 7. The total weight of the rod dure for determining the fineness of gypsum and gypsum plasters and is used to determine compliance with gypsum and gypsum plaster specifications. capable of weighing not less than 1000 g at a precision of 0.2 If a mechanical sieving machine is used.1 g and spread it to a thin layer in a suitable-vessel.2 Apparatus: 0. 7. Shake the sample through each sieve with as little abrasion as possible (Note 5).) sieve. 7. 7. see Appendix X1. in accordance with Specification E11. A—Hinged support bracket D—Graduation mark tions of ASTM covering the particular product in question.1 Modified Vicat Apparatus—The modified Vicat appa- 6.3) and weigh again. a 100-g sample will be sufficient.” ASTM Bulletin No.2.1 Sieves. 7. use C—Conical plunger F—Modified scale a lateral motion.2.1 g. make a series of tests at one minute intervals. invert the sieve over a 6.

determined.3.4 Report: Report the normal consistency as the average (Temperature Rise Method. and shall have an inside plate.3. been added.5 Graduated Cylinder. E. Apply a thin coat of petroleum jelly or completely open the sliding gate. height of 40 mm. Wet the plunger of the modified Vicat apparatus and be added to 100 g of the gypsum concrete.2.0 g of sodium citrate has previously less than 1 mL. When the sliding gate is opened.2 Apparatus: a weight. The paste shall be held in a rigid conical ring. 13⁄4 in.3.2) 10. mold. (102 mm) above the base noncorroding.2 Sift a weighed quantity of the sample (200 to 300 g as 9.1 Clean the plunger. 3) shall 8. 1 mm in diameter and 50 mm in length.1) to which 1. concrete. After the rod has settled. A.1 Consistometer (Fig. It shall be provided with a sliding gate at the bottom and 8.3.2.1 Vicat Apparatus—The Vicat apparatus (Fig.3 Measure the resulting patty along its major and minor required to fill the mold) into a known volume of water (See axes and determine the average diameter.3 Procedure: 8.2. the degree of correlation obtained. stir 8. bearing a movable rod. After allowing the sample to soak for 1 min. A means shall be provided for adding 9. No further reproduction or distribution permitted. and shall have an adjustable indicator. increasing the total weight to 50 g.5 Precision and Bias—The precision and bias of the test ately. capable of weighing not less than 2000 g at 8.5 Precision and Bias—The precision and bias of the test consist of a frame. about 100 mm square.3. graduated in millimetres. and then strike off flush with the top of the of millilitres of water to the nearest whole millilitre required to mold. shall be made to deliver the 9.) Section 11. Use the rod and plunger for this determine the setting time of gypsum plaster and gypsum determination weighing 35 g.2. B.4 Report—Report the normal consistency as the number remove air bubbles. the plunger end. 9. To for normal consistency. completely filled and the plunger clean and wet. D. 8. and base plate of the modi. the other end having a removable needle.3 Test gypsum molding plaster and gypsum gauging 10. to the rod. weighing 300 method for normal consistency of gypsum plaster have not g. 5.brochero@sgs. resting on a glass plate.3.4 Test gypsum concrete with different amounts of water of sodium citrate per 100 g of sample. Make three method for normal consistency of gypsum concrete have not determinations on each mix. 9. midway between the ends and having an inside diameter of 9 in.2 Balance. 8. take order to prevent leaks during the test. C. (229 mm) at the top and which moves under a scale.1 This test method does not determine the time of in the ratio of 200 g of sand to 100 g of plaster before testing complete hydration of gypsum plaster or gypsum concrete. Add weight to the rod and plunger to bring the total between this test method and service performance has not been weight to 50 g for these determinations. (44. D.1.2 Mold—The conical ring mold shall be made of a supported so that the bottom is 4 in. nonabsorbent material. allowing the mixture to run other suitable lubricant to the upper surface of the base plate in out onto the base plate.4 Test all gypsum mixtures containing aggregates with plaster and gypsum concrete specifications. 8. nonabsorbent material. Normal Consistency of Gypsum Concrete The rod. The rod shall have a mark. capable of weighing not less than 500 g at a 9. strength tests. A. 8. 8. The 9. Then rapidly and fied Vicat apparatus.2. lower it to the surface of the sample at approximately the center of the mold. The ring 3 .1 Significance and Use—This test method is used to position by a screw.3. F. Setting Time plaster with different amounts of water until a penetration of 30 10.3 Base Plate—The base plate for supporting the ring a precision of 1 g.7 attached to the bracket. distance of not less than 50 mm. close the sliding gate. and is used to determine compliance with gypsum 8.2 Apparatus: the dry mixture to the nearest whole millilitre. The base plate shall be of plate glass.2 Sift 2000 g of the sample into a known volume of indicated volume at 20°C (68°F) and shall be subdivided to not water (see 5. read the scale again.2 g 9.3. being 10 mm in diameter for a been determined. Printed / viewed by: [maribel. Since variable job different amounts of water until a penetration of 20 6 2 mm is conditions influence the setting time. 9. 2)—The consistometer consists of rod shall be capable of being held in any position by a screw.2. Pour the mixture into 8.5 mm) at the bottom.1 g. that moves over a scale (graduated in millimetres) attached concrete when performing the setting time and compressive to the frame. mold shall be of plate glass and about 100 mm square. E. (457 mm) square.1 Significance and Use—This test method is used to 6 2 mm is obtained. (139. work slightly to 9. Pour this sample into the ring mold. mm).1).2. care being taken to have the mold been determined. shall be able to be held in any 9. one end. Copyrighted material licensed to SGS SA. fluidity. determine the volume of water required for mixing gypsum F. number of millilitres of water required to be added to 100 g of 10.1 Clean and dry the consistometer and the base plate and precision of 0. After allowing the until a patty diameter of 380 6 13 mm (15 6 1⁄2 in. 10. the consistometer until level with the top. stir the mixture for 1 min to an even obtained. add to the mixing water 0. Read the scale and release the plunger immedi.) is sample to soak for 2 min. a conical vessel made of noncorroding. H.5 Mix gypsum neat plaster with standard sand (see 5. G. and a height of 51⁄2 in. shall be reversible. care to avoid jarring the consistometer. free of scratches diameter of 60 mm at the base and 70 mm at the top and a and about 18 in. G. determine the time of complete hydration see Setting Time. A.4 Balance. 9. B. If the plaster is unretarded.3.3 Procedure: the mixture for 3 min to an even fluidity.com] @ 2014-07-01 C472 − 99 (2014) and plunger shall be 35 g.

ca.brochero@sgs. produce a normal consistency. Inside diameter of ring at top 60 ± 3 mm Position the end of the needle so that it just touches the top Height of ring 40 ± 1 mm Graduated scale The graduated scale. see Section 8.2 Gypsum Neat Plaster—Test gypsum neat plaster for 10. 10. and move the base plate and mm at all points.05 mm but do not add retarder.3. shall not show a deviation at any point ring slightly so that the needle will not strike the same place greater than 0.2 In addition. Release the screw so compared with a standard that the needle falls freely into the paste. twice. the Vicat apparatus shall conform to the mately at the moment of contact of the dry material with the following requirements: water (see 5. Setting time is complete when the needle no longer and may be used provided they can be shown to give the same results as penetrates to the bottom of the paste.3.2. After each scale accurate to within 0.25 mm.1 penetration.2. For the quantity of water (see 4 .5 Temperature and Humidity Controlled Cabinet.2. wipe the needle clean. capable of weighing not less than 500 g at cabinet described in 10. 2 Consistometer shall be made of a noncorroding. Mix enough paste to fill the conical ring. store the test specimens in the 10.4 Stopwatch or Clock. and then add sufficient water to and a relative humidity of not less than 85 %. For Weight of plunger 300 ± 0. No further reproduction or distribution permitted.05 mm Inside diameter of ring at bottom 70 ± 3 mm and fill the ring with the paste level with the top of the ring. Place the conical ring on the base plate Diameter of needle 1 ± 0.3. Diameter of larger end of plunger 10 ± 0. setting time as mixed with three parts by weight of standard 10. and a height of 40 mm.2). for determining setting time. Copyrighted material licensed to SGS SA. a precision of 0.5 g the quantity of water and directions for mixing.1). When setting times are the specified apparatus and procedure.3. expected to be longer than 1⁄2 h. sand (see 5.3 Procedure: shall have an inside diameter of 70 mm at the base and 60 mm 10. when surface of the paste and tighten the screw.5. Except at the top. nonabsorbent material and 10.com] @ 2014-07-01 C472 − 99 (2014) FIG.2.3 Balance. Gypsum Neat Plaster—Start the timing of the test approxi- 10.2. Printed / viewed by: [maribel. Test the sample at intervals according to the table in NOTE 6—Automatic setting time apparatus are commercially available 10. Mix dry a 100-g sample of the gypsum neat pable of maintaining a temperature of 21 6 1°C (70 6 2°F) plaster and 300 g of the sand.1 g.1 Gypsum Concrete and All Gypsum Plasters.

Alternately.2 Temperature Sensors—Temperature changes shall be 10. to the following schedule: 11.3 The degree of correlation between this test method Molding plaster 15 min 5 min and service performance has not been determined. in this case. the cup containing the test mixture shall be 5 . The tempera- measuring the maximum temperature rise of gypsum plaster or ture sensor. The temperature rise is caused by the distance up from the bottom and between the inner and outer reaction of calcium sulfate hemihydrate with water to form cup.1. shall be positioned 25 to 33 % of the gypsum concrete.1 specifications for gypsum plaster or gypsum concrete unless it 10.2 Apparatus: Quick set 15 min 5 min Gypsum concrete 15 min 5 min 11.3.2. Imprints Gauging plaster: recording the temperature shall not be longer than 1 min apart Slow set 40 min 2h for each sample. Temperature sensing elements water to the time when set is complete.4. (25 mm)/h. 3 Vicat Apparatus 5. Setting Time (Temperature Rise Method) mL (6 to 9 oz) shall be used. shall be of such capacity and sensitivity that. the mortar in the conical ring and test for setting time as This test method is not used to determine compliance with described in 10. Kind of Material First Test Subsequent Tests 11.com] @ 2014-07-01 C472 − 99 (2014) FIG. Printed / viewed by: [maribel.2. Keene’s cement: Standard 15 min 1 h 11.5°C setting time test method have not been determined.1.2. Copyrighted material licensed to SGS SA. Quick set 15 min 5 min 11. Place temperature rise coincides with the completion of the reaction.4 Report—Report the setting time as the elapsed time in indicated by either thermocouples or thermistors which shall be minutes from the time when the sample was first added to the movable or in a fixed position. The Wood-fibered plaster 11⁄2 h 1 h Bond plaster 11⁄2 h 1 h chart speed shall be not less than 1 in.3.3 Frequency of Testing—Test the materials according is specified in the purchase contract.1 Significance and Use: under test shall be placed inside a matching cup held in an 11. It is assumed that the maximum retarder. see Section 8.5 Precision and Bias—The precision and bias for the to the recording potentiometer. lump-free consistency.1 Potentiometer—A single. 11. as specified in 11. a temperature change of 0.1.brochero@sgs. No further reproduction or distribution permitted.or multiple-channel re- Ready mixed plaster 11⁄2 h 1 h cording potentiometer or thermistor bridge shall be used to Neat plaster 2h 1 h record the temperature change of the sample under test.2 The setting time determined by this test method is Frequency of usually longer than the setting time determined in Section 10. (1°F) in the sample shall be recorded on the chart. but do not use calcium sulfate dihydrate. The cup containing the mixture 11.1 This test method determines the hydration time by insulated block or beaker.3 Sample Cups—Cups with a capacity of 175 to 275 11. Stir for 1 min to an even. when connected 10.1) and mixing instructions.2.

2.0005 in. mined.03 mm) for new molds and 1. The 11.1).com] @ 2014-07-01 C472 − 99 (2014) positioned over a spring-loaded sensor to ensure close contact 0. parts.3. distance between opposite with the bottom of the cup. (50.1 Mix sufficient sample at normal consistency to pro- water to the time when maximum temperature rise is attained. (0.5 Report—Report the setting time as the elapsed time in 12. 12. a mechanical convection oven main- element as required in 11. Copyrighted material licensed to SGS SA.4.3.2 Testing Machine.). add determine the compressive strength of gypsum plaster and the required amount of dried plaster and allow to soak for 2 gypsum concrete and is used to determine compliance with min.8 6 0. duce not less than 1000 mL (34 fluid oz) of mixed mortar and 11. hardened metal Maintain materials and mixing water used for the test at a block firmly attached at the center of the upper head of the temperature of 21 6 1.1 (m2·K)/W) for new molds or 2 6 0. shall be free to tilt in any direction. Setting time shall be 2-in. have not been deter.2 Gypsum Neat Plaster—Prepare the plaster in accor.brochero@sgs. shall be 2 6 0. be indicated with an accuracy of 61. For gypsum concrete.2. of the mortar. (50.6 Precision and Bias—The precision and bias for the cast into six specimen molds (see 12.1 Specimen Molds—Molds for making test specimens with a large spoon or mechanical mixer for 3 min. but do not add retarder. The maintained at a temperature of 21 6 1.020 in.001 consistency. 12. upper bearing shall be a spherically seated. Mix These surfaces shall not depart from plane surfaces by more approximately 200 g of the sample to make a paste of normal than 0.4 Procedure: to facilitate accurate centering of the test specimen. Carve a cavity in the block so that the sample cup tion of the faces. (0. (50. containing magnesium perchlorate or 11.005 in.2.1 Significance and Use—This test method is used to 12. mechanical mixer (see Note 9) to produce a mortar of uniform consistency. shall be ible material and shall be sufficiently rigid to prevent spreading within the time limits shown in Table 1. stiff-bladed spatula or method and service performance has not been determined.05 mm) for old molds. Printed / viewed by: [maribel. The insulated block or beaker should have an insulated cover of the same insulating material through which the verifying apparatus. (0. faces. and dimensions shall conform to the following 12. with walls and bottom cube compartment.0 %. angle between adjacent interior faces and between cup fits snugly. leaving walls and bottom not less than 40 mm (1.3.025 mm) after use. The molds shall have not more than three cube compartments and shall be separable into not more than two NOTE 9—The Hobart N-50 mixer has been found satisfactory for this purpose.1. For the quality and quantity of water. 12.) from the top. measured at points slightly removed from the intersec- NOTE 7—An insulating block may be constructed from a block of expanded polystyrene. moment of contact of the dry material with the water.1 and Section 8.2 For all gypsum plasters except gypsum concrete. interior faces and top and bottom planes of the mold shall be 90 6 0. to a depth of approximately 5 mm (1⁄4 in. the lower platen of the machine. soak for 1 min.4. Mix vigorously (about 150 complete circular strokes per applicable specifications. No further reproduction or distribution permitted.2 Apparatus: vigorously (about 150 complete circular strokes per minute) 12.1 Gypsum Concrete and All Gypsum Plasters. Place the paste in a clean dry sample cup to about in.002 in. and stir 12.3. Place the required amount of water in a 12. The correlation between this test minute) for 1 min with a metal spoon. such a size as to hold not less than one set of 6 cubes.) thick.4 Desiccator.2 and test in accordance with 11.51 mm) for old (6 (h·ft2·°F)/Btu). The block NOTE 8—If a constant-temperature cabinet is not available. machine. with sufficient opening between the upper bearing surface insulation not less than 50.2. and height of the molds. temperature rise method. measured separately for each 11. Place the filled cup in an empty cup in the insulated block or beaker and adjust the sensing 12.2. see 5.13 mm) having a thermal resistance of not less than R6 (1. during molding. (0.3 Test Conditions— Perform tests in a room or cabinet device shall have a means of indicating maximum load. Premix neat gypsum setting time.1°C (70 6 2°F).001 in. A hardened metal bearing temperature water bath may be fitted with a cover which will admit the block shall be used beneath the specimen to minimize wear of body of the cup holder but not its rim. The center of the sphere shall lie at the center of the surface of the block in contact with the specimen.013 mm) when the blocks are new and 0. Except bearing block surfaces intended for contact with the specimen Gypsum Neat Plaster—Start the timing of the test at the shall have a Rockwell hardness number not less than 60 HRC.) thick around the sample container and the lower bearing surface of the machine for the use of and within the walls of a beaker. either the hydraulic or the screw An insulating beaker may be made by stuffing glass fiber or mineral wool type. discard the cubes and adjust the setting time by adding 6 .4. calcium chloride that is capable of being tightly sealed and of dance with 10.5 in. and a centered cavity into which the sample molds. fits snugly. The load applied to the test specimen shall temperature probe can extend into the test material. as determined by Sections 10 – 10. so that the cup holder is in contact with the water in the bath.2. The load indicating 11. intervals centered on the block 11. 11.2). Compressive Strength clean 2-L (2-qt) mixing bowl.3 Drying Oven.2. When assembled.8 mm (2 in.5.8 mm) split cube molds made of noncorrod. a constant. the parts of the molds shall be held firmly together.3 If setting times as determined in accordance with requirements: Interior faces shall be plane surfaces with a Section 10 are more than the maximum limits shown in Table maximum variation of 0.3.3 Test Specimens: minutes from the time when the sample was first added to the 12. Cover the cup with a watch glass tained at a temperature of 45 6 3°C and a relative humidity not or plastic film or cover the surface of the paste with mineral oil more than 50 %. 20 mm (3⁄4 in. plaster dry with two parts by weight of standard sand (see 5. The lower bearing block shall have concentric circles at 1⁄4-in.4 Insulated Block or Beaker.5°.8 6 0.1°C (70 6 2°F).

air bubbles.3. determine their compressive strengths. Gypsum concrete 20 40 Ready-mixed plaster 90 120 12. not on top Kind of Material min max and bottom.1 compressive strength. using cooling.4 Procedure—As soon as the cube specimens have been 14. discard them and report the compressive Quick set 20 40 strength as the average of the remaining specimens. described in 10. gypsum plasters.2. density. Do not exceed Keene’s cement: 40 psi/s ((275 kPa)/s) after 50 % of the maximum load has Standard 40 120 Quick set 20 40 been reached.2 Apparatus: the molds. or add 12. at Molding plaster 20 140 a constant rate within the range 15 to 40 psi/s. Copyrighted material licensed to SGS SA. No further reproduction or distribution permitted. do so at this time. tency.2. Then place the 13. fineness. cal to 0. as described in 12.com] @ 2014-07-01 C472 − 99 (2014) TABLE 1 Setting-Time Limits for Mortar Position the cubes in the testing machine so that the load is Setting Time. air for not less than a total of 16 h. Density plaster or Keene’s cement.2 and determine the setting time 13.5 Report—Report the density in pounds per cubic foot to as specified in 12. accelerator or molding plaster than 1 % of the dry weight of 13.6 Precision and Bias—The precision and bias for the cubes in a desiccator as described in 12. discard the results and repeat the test. cut off the by weighing the six cubes to the nearest gram after drying and excess to a plane surface flush with the top of the mold. determine the density of cast gypsum concrete and is used to Place a layer of mortar about 25 mm (1 in. Place the cubes in an oven 13. the nearest 1 lb/ft3 (10 kg/m3). The correlation between this test method and service of opposite faces with a 25 mm (1 in.5 Report—Report the average compressive strength as Neat plaster (with 2 parts sand) 120 150 the compressive strength of the material. setting time 7 . free water. gypsum concrete. In case the Veneer plaster 30 90 compressive strengths of three or more cubes vary more than 15 % from the average.4 Coat the molds with a thin film of mineral oil or other 13. by the same filling and puddling procedure used for 13. Printed / viewed by: [maribel.1 Balance.3).5 Place the filled molds in moist air (90 to 100 % relative humidity).4.1 and 10.1 Mpa) except that if the strengths Bond plaster 120 150 Gauging plaster: of one or two of the cubes vary more than 15 % from the Slow set 40 120 average of the six.6 Precision and Bias—The precision and bias for the molding plaster to Keene’s cement.3).brochero@sgs. Also fill the conical mold for the Vicat apparatus the nearest gram.2. 12.4 Calculation—Calculate the density by multiplying the time after they are thoroughly hardened. in psi (Mpa) rounded Wood-fibered plaster 90 120 to the nearest whole psi (0.2.3 Procedure—Determine the density of gypsum concrete (see 10. freshly ground gypsum accelerator to the plaster. 14. compressive strength. but retain in the moist total weight of the six cubes by 0. and before determining the a stiff broad knife or similar implement.3. Fill the molds to a point slightly above the tops of 13. Remove the cubes from the molds at any 13. Keywords 12. Apply the load continuously and without shock. As soon as the mortar or paste has set.) wide spatula to remove performance has not been determined. 12.1 Significance and Use—This test method is used to mold release agent and place on an oiled glass or metal plate.) in depth in each determine compliance with the specification for gypsum con- mold and puddle ten times across the mold between each pair crete.0794. Do not use more gypsum compressive strength test method have not been determined. Test the cubes immediately on removal from the desiccator.2. (See Section 13)). capable of weighing not less than 1500 g to the first layer.3. 16 h before testing. min applied on surfaces formed by faces of the molds.1 g). (If density gypsum. dried (12.3.1 g (or differ by no more than 0. Dry until successive weights are identi.4 for a minimum of density test method have not been determined. normal consis- is to be determined.

If desired.01 g. and B = weight of specimen retained on sieve.3 Apparatus X1.1 Caution—When using isoprophyl alcohol. Your comments will receive careful consideration at a meeting of the responsible technical committee.8 Report sieving machine. of sieving gypsum and gypsum products has not been deter- 100).2 Lower the sieve into the alcohol until the specimen X1. West Conshohocken. and then blot the bottom of the sieve with a soft. to permit simultaneous determinations of X1.3) to a depth of X1.1 See 7.brochero@sgs. The alcohol may be reused % retained 5 ~ B/A ! ·100 after decanting or filtering. used when a purchase order specifies fineness through fine lint-free cloth.3 Shake the sieve on a mechanical shaker for 2 min 6 2 s. 100 Barr Harbor Drive.1 Scope X1. or service@astm. permitting the alcohol to drain through the specimen back into the vessel. A = Weight of original specimen.3. X1. swirling motion.7. X1.7 Calculation X1. complying with Specification E11. transfer the residue after drying and before X1. This standard is copyrighted by ASTM International.1 Report the percent retained or through each sieve to X1. Copyrighted material licensed to SGS SA. ASTM International takes no position respecting the validity of any patent rights asserted in connection with any item mentioned in this standard. PO Box C700.01 g. at the address shown below.1 Calculate the percent of the original specimen re- X1.3. dry.1 It is impractical to sieve dry gypsum through a fine sieve and the specimen is essentially free from fines. with a diameter not less than 50 mm greater µm nested in sequential order above the 45-µm sieve.1 Place the alcohol in a vessel (X1. Weigh than the sieves.01 g and place on a X1.1 This appendix covers a sieve test for fine gypsum is wetted throughout. ALCOHOL WASH METHOD OF SIEVING GYPSUM AND GYPSUM PRODUCTS X1.org/ COPYRIGHT/). coarser fractions.1 Sieves. provide good ventilation. 8 . provided its strength does not fall A2B below 95% % through 5 ·100 A X1. and a depth not less than 75 mm greater than the material retained on each sieve to the nearest 0.2 for method of calibrating a mechanical X1.3 Vessel. If you feel that your comments have not received a fair hearing you should make your views known to the ASTM Committee on Standards. This standard is subject to revision at any time by the responsible technical committee and must be reviewed every five years and if not revised. Users of this standard are expressly advised that determination of the validity of any such patent rights. 99%.6. mined. No further reproduction or distribution permitted. United States.6 Procedure the nearest 0.6. Individual reprints (single or multiple copies) of this standard may be obtained by contacting ASTM at the above address or at 610-832-9585 (phone).4 Reagents tained on or through each sieve as follows: X1.9.3. PA 19428-2959. Your comments are invited either for revision of this standard or for additional standards and should be addressed to ASTM International Headquarters. X1. and the risk of infringement of such rights. This method is alcohol. either reapproved or withdrawn. keep fire away. Repeat this operation not less X1.astm.1.4.5. and avoid excessive where: inhalation of vapor. until the alcohol passes freely through the X1. which you may attend.org (e-mail). X1. 3°C.3. shaking to a series of coarser sieves up to and including the 150 X1.4 Balance. X1. Wash the sieve. Weigh approximately 50 g of the sample to a precision of 0.1 The precision and bias of the alcohol wash method 45-µm or coarser sieve up to and including the 150 µm (No.1 percent.1 Isoprophyl alcohol.2.6.2 Mechanical Sieving Machine. are entirely their own responsibility. and water cannot be used as a washing agent without residue retained on the sieve with about 100 mL of clear introducing errors due to hydration or solution.5 Calibration and Standardization X1. or through the ASTM website (www.9 Precision and Bias 50 mm more than the height of the sieve.4.3. capable of reading to a precision of 0.1.org).8. the height of the sieves.com] @ 2014-07-01 C472 − 99 (2014) APPENDIX (Nonmandatory Information) X1. X1. Lift the sieve out of the alcohol.2 Significance and Use than eight times. Printed / viewed by: [maribel. Dry the sieve containing the residue at 45 6 sieves. 610-832-9555 (fax). with a and gypsum products using an alcohol wash method.astm.3. Permission rights to photocopy the standard may also be secured from the ASTM website (www.