Supplement to the 1996 GMC Jimmy, Chevrolet Blazer,GMC Sonoma and
Chevrolet S-SeriesTruck Owner’s Manuals

This supplement includesthe latest information at the timeof printing.
We reserve the rightto make changes in theproduct after that time withoutfirther notice.

@Copyright1996 General Motors Corporation. All rights reserved. Printed in U.S.A. GENERAL MOTORS, GMC,
CHEVROLET, JIMMY, BLAZER and SONOMA are registered trademarks of General Motors Corporation.

15026635

1

This informationreplaces the “Recreational Vehicle
Towing” portion located in Section 4 in your
owner’s manual.
Recreational Vehicle Towing Shifting the transfer case into NEUTRAL (N) can
(Four-wheel Drive with the Manual cause your vehicle to roll even if the transmission
is in PARK (P), for an automatic transmission,
Transfer CaseOnly) or if your vehicleis in gear, for a manual
1. Set the parking brake f i i l y . transmission. You or others could be injured.
2. Place an automatic transmission in PARK (P) or a Make sure the parking brakeis firmly set before
manual transmission in FIRST (1). you shift the transfercase into NEUTRAL (N).
3. Firmly attach the vehicle being towed to the tow
vehicle. Do not tow the vehicle by the rear bumper 5. Release the parking brake only after the vehicle
bar. Refer to the hitch manufacturer’s instructions. being towed is firmly attached to the tow vehicle.
4. Place the manual shift transfer case shift lever in 6. Insert the ignition key into the ignition switch and
NEUTRAL (N). turn it one notch forward of the LOCK position. This
places the key in the OFF position, which unlocks
the steering column while preventing battery drain.
Unlocking the steering column will allow for proper
movement of the front wheelskires during towing.

2

Recreational Vehicle Towing (Except Please contact your dealer forthe towing information
that is appropriate foryour particular vehicle.
Four-wheel Drive with the Manual
Vehicles with all-wheel drive (AWD) cannot be towed
Transfer Case) in this manner.
Vehicles with two-wheel drive or the optional electronic
shift transfer caserequire special modifications before
they can be towed in this manner.

3

NOTES

4

The 1996 Chevrolet Blazer Owner’s Manual

Seats and Restraint Systems ............................................................. 1-1
This section tells you how to useyour seats and safety belts properly.It also explains the “SIR” system.
FeaturesandControls .................................................................. 2-1
This section explains how to start and operate your vehicle.
Comfort Controls and Audio Systems ..................................................... 3-1
This section tells you how to adjust the ventilation and comfort controls and how to operate your
audio system.
YourDrivingandtheRoad .............................................................. 4-1
Here you’ll find helpful information and tips about the road and how to drive under different conditions.
ProblemsontheRoad .................................................................. 5-1
This section tells you whatto do if you have a problem while driving, such as a flat tire or overheated
engine, etc.
ServiceandAppearanceCare ............................................................ 6-1
Here the manual tells you how to keep your vehicle running properly and looking good,
Maintenanceschedule .................................................................. 7-1
This section tells you when to perform vehicle maintenance and what fluids and lubricants to use.
CustomerAssistanceInformation ........................................................ 8-1
This section tells you how to contact Chevrolet for assistance and how to get service publications.
It also gives you information on “Reporting Safety Defects” on page 8-8.
Index ............................................................................ -- 9-1
Here’s an alphabetical listing of almost every subject in this manual. You can use it to quickly find
something you want to read.

i

substitute the name For Canadian Owners Who Prefer a “General Motors of Canada Limited” for Chevrolet Division whenever it appears in this manual. We support voluntary technician certification. 1500 Bonhill Rd. DGN Marketing Services Ltd. AUTOMOTIVE SERVICE EXCELLENCE This manual includes the latest information at the timeit was printed. the CHEVROLET Emblem and the CERTIFICATION THROUGH name BLAZER are registered trademarksof General National Institute for Motors Corporation. For vehicles first sold inCanada. @Copyright General Motors Corporation 1995 C9611 B First Edition All Rights Reserved ii . WE SUPPORT VOLUNTARY TECHNICIAN CHEVROLET. We reserve the right to make changes in the product after that time without further notice.A. Ontario L5T 1C7 Litho in U. French Language Manual: Aux propribtaires canadiens:Vous pouvez vous Please keep this manual in your vehicle. GM and the GMEmblem. GENERAL MOTORS. please leave this manual init so the new owner can use it.S. Mississauga.aischez there if you ever needit when you’re on the road. If you votre concessionaire ou au: sell the vehicle.so it will be procurer un exemplaire de ce guide en franc.

vehicle correctly may result in lossof control or an We use a box and the wordCAUTION to tell you accident. you or Index others could be hurt. do this. If you you or other people. Be sure to read the “on-pavement” and about things that could hurt you if you were to ignore “off-road” driving guidelines in this manual. failure to operate this You will find a number of safety cautions in this book. you’ll find that pictures and words work together to explain In the caution area. we tellyou what the hazard is.) How to Use this Manual I A CAUTION: Many people read their owner’s manual from beginning These mean there is something that could hurt to end when they first receive their new vehicle. we tell you what to do to help avoid or reduce the hazard. A good place to look for what you need is the Index in the backof the manual. Please read thesecautions. It’s an alphabetical list of all that’s in the manual. iii .About DrivingYour Vehicle Safety Warnings and Symbols As with other vehicles of this type. andthe page number where you’ll find it. In this manual. (See the warning. it will help you learn about the features and controls for your vehicle. If you don’t. “Driving Guidelines” and “Off-Road Driving with your Four-Wheel-Drive Vehicle” in the Index. Then things quickly.

You will also find a circle In the notice area. in this book you will find these notices: I NOTICE: These mean there is something that could damage your vehicle. iv .” or “Don’t the damage.” When you read other manuals. They use the same words. Many times. Vehicle Damage Warnings Also. this damage would this book. symbol means “Don’t. You’ll also see warning labels on your vehicle. CAUTION or NOTICE.” But the notice will tell you what to do to help avoid “Don’t do this. we tell you about something that can with a slash through it in damage your vehicle. This safety not be covered by your warranty. andit could be costly. let this happen. you might see CAUTION and NOTICE warnings in different colors or in different words.

FUEL siE3 SPARK OR . FUSE -%- PROTECT EYES BY SHIELDING DOOR LOCK TURN SIGNALS e BATTERY CHARGING I-1 LIGHTER I I SYSTEM CAUSTIC FASTEN SEAT BRAKE (0) HORN )cr BELTS BURNS AVOID SPARKS OR COOLANT a SPEAKER b FLAMES ENGINE OIL e.\I/. These symbols These symbols These symbols These symbols Here are some these symbols are important have to do with are on some of are used on other symbols are used on an for you and your lights: yo11r controls: warning and you may see: original battery: your passengers indicator lights: whenever your A WINDSHIELD vehicle is CAUTION POSSIBLE INJURY driven: WIPER COOLANT TEMP -.Vehicle Symbols These are some of the symbols you may find on your vehicle. PRESSURE FLAME COULD EXPLODE BATTERY pq FOG LAMPS #0 ANTI-LOCK BRAKES (a) V . For example.

Model Reference This manual covers these models: Four-Door Utility Two-Door Utility vi .

Section 1 Seats and Restraint Systems Here you’ll find information about the seats in your Move the lever underthe vehicle and how to use your safety belts properly. Then Seats and Seat Controls release the lever and try to This section tells you about the seats -. unlock it.or make you push a pedal when you don’t wantto. and fold them up and down. Adjust the driver’s seat only when the vehicleis not moving. body. Slide the seat to where you want it. The sudden movement could startle and confuse you.to make sure the seat is locked into place. 1-1 . Manual Front Seat You can lose control of the vehicle if you try to adjust a manual driver’s seat while the vehicleis moving. You front of the standard seat can also learn about some things you should not do with toward the driver’s door to air bags and safety belts.how to adjust move the seat with your them.

there will'be a knob on the To make the front of the seat move upor down. 1-2 . there will bea control pad on seat to where you want it. Manual Lumbar Support I If you have this feature. counterclockwise to Use control B to move the whole seat up. down. Slide the If you have this feature. Move the lever under the Power Driver's Seat (Option) front of the easy entry seat up to unlock it.. forward increase lumbar support or backward. use Turn the knob control C.use outside of the driver and control A. passenger bucket seats. To make the rear of the seat move upor down. Then release the lever and try to move the seat with I your body to make sure the 'seat is locked into place. and clockwise to decrease lumbar support. your driver's seat.

Pull up on the lever and the seat will go to press the rear of the control. lift located on the side of the the leveron the outer side driver's seat. of the seat. an upright position. want it.Power Lumbar Control (Option) Reclining Front Seatbacks If you have this control. Press and hold'the front of the controluntil you have the Release the lever to lock the seatback where you desired lumbarsupport. . it is To adjust the seatback. To decrease lumbar support.

job The shoulder belt can’t do its job because it won’t be against your body. ‘- ~ Sitting ina reclined position when your vehicle is in motion can be dangerous. it will be in front of you. Thensit well back in the seat and wear your safety belt properly. receiving neck or otherinjuries. motion. your safety belts can’t do their when you’re reclined like this.a crash In the belt could go up over your abdomen. Evenif you buckle up. 1-4 . notat yourpelvic bones. But don’t have a seatback reclinedif your vehicle For proper protection when the vehicle isin is moving. The lap belt can’t do its job either. The belt forces would be there. This could cause serious internal injuries. In a crash you could go into it. have the seatback upright. Instead.

This position reduces the chance of a neck injury in a crash. lift the latch and push the seat forward. it on others. it could move forward Seatback Latches in a sudden stop or crash. Always press rearward The front seatback folds on the seatback to be sure itis locked. Slide an adjustable head restraint up or down will return to the reclined position. That could cause injury to the person sitting there. so that the top of the restraint is closest to the top of your ears. forward to let people get into the back seator to access the storage area behind the seat. 1-5 . push the seatback all the way back until the latch catches. If the Head restraints are fixed on some models and adjustable seatback was reclined before being folded forward. If the seatback isn't locked. I Your adjustable head restraint may also be tilted forward for greater comfort. To fold the front seatback ~ forward.Head Restraints To return the seatback to the upright position.

The rear seat release handlesare in the upper center of the rear of the seatbacks. Then move the seat rearward until it locks. the person sitting there could be injured. the seatbacks down for more cargo space. Tilt the right front seatback completely forward and the whole seat will slide forward. just lift up the seatbacks and push until they lock in the upright position. To raise the seatbacks.it can move. Tilt the seatback completely forward again to get out. In a suddenstop or crash.Easy Entry Seat (2-Door Models) Rear Seats The right front seat of your vehicle makes it easy to get Your vehicle has a folding rear seat whichlets you fold in and out of the rear seat. have them fixed immediately. be sure to push rearward onan easy entry seat to be sure itis locked. If an easy entry right front seat isn’t locked. Move the seatback to its original position after someone gets into the rear seatarea. Push backon the seatbacks as you pull up on the handles. Push and pull on the seatbacks to check thatthe latches have locked in the upright position. After you’ve used it. 1-6 . If they haven’t.

In the same crash. you might serious that even buckled upa person wouldn’t survive. You can be seriously A few crashes are mild. your injuries You never know if you’ll be in a crash. people safety belt.. the Index. In many of them. the law says to Don’t let anyone ride where he or she can’t wear wear safety belts. and check that your passengers’ belts who buckle up can survive and sometimes walk away.Safety Belts: They’re for Everyone Your vehicle has a light that comes on as a reminder This part of the manual tells you how to use safety belts to buckle up. or a‘ . sq :m.. the facts are clear. and some crashes can be so injured orkilled. In most crashes buckling up does matter . Without belts they could have been badly hurt or killed. are fastened properly too. a lot! 1-7 . You can hit things inside the crash. It also tells you some things you should not do Belt Reminder Light” in with safety belts. Always fasten your But most crashes are in between.) And it explains the Supplemental Inflatable Restraint - (SIR).If you are in a crash and you’re not wearing a safety belt. a safety belt properly. not be if you are buckled up. If you do have a can be muchworse. vehicle or be ejected fromit. you don’t know if it will be a bad one. After more than 25 years of safety belts in vehicles. Here’s why: They work. (See “Safety properly. I A CAUTION: 1 In most states and Canadian provinces.

. Suppose it's just a seat on wheels. 1-8 . you go as fast as it goes. .Why Safety Belts Work When you ride in or on anything. : Take the simplest vehicle. Put someone on it. .

doesn’t stop. Then stop the vehicle.it could be the windshield .. 1-9 .. The rider The person keeps going until stoppedby something. In a real vehicle.Get it up to speed.

and your strongest bones take the forces.. That’s why safety belts make such good sense. 1-10 . - or the instrument panel.You stop over more distance. you slow downas the vehicle does.. or the safety belts! With safety belts. You get more time to stop.

And the greatest number. But you can unbuckle a safety belt. but especially in side and other collisions.you and accident if I’m wearing a safety belt? your passengers can be hurt. control. @ If my vehicle has air bags.even one that isn’t your fault -.and the Answers @ Won’t I be trapped in the vehicleafter an A: You may be an excellent driver. wear safety belts? A: Air bags are in many vehicles today and will be in most of them in the future.not instead of them.Here Are Questions Many PeopleAsk @ If I’m a good driver. Even if you’re in a vehicle that has air bags. is much greater if injuries and deaths occur at speeds of less than you are belted. Being a good driver A: You could be -. you still have to buckle up to get the most protection. 1-11 . such as bad drivers. But they are supplemental systems only. That’s true not only in frontal collisions. even if you’re upside down. why should I wear safety ’belts? About Safety Belts-. so of home.And your chance of Most accidents occur within 25 miles (40 km) being conscious during andafter an accident. but if you’re in an accident -. 40 mph (65 km/h).whether you’re wearing a safety doesn’t protect you from things beyond your belt or not. why should I haveto Safety belts are for everyone.of serious you can unbuckle and get out.so they work with safety belts -. and I never drive far from home. Every air bag system ever offered for sale has required the use of safety belts.

. Be aware that there are special things to know about safety belts and children. 3.” Follow those rules for everyone’s protection.. so you can sit up straight. 1.If a child will be riding in your vehicle. see “Seats” in the Index) Extender” at the endof this section. 1-12 . Pick up the latch plate and pull thebe:It across you. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks. Pull up on the latch plateto make sure it is secure. Close and lock the door. If the belt isn’t longenough. :. We’ll start with the driver position. : This part describes the driver’s restraint system. And there are different rules for smaller children and babies. The driver has a lap-shoulder belt.. Driver Position - . see the partof this manual called “Children. you’ll want to know which restraint systems your vehicle has. Lap-Shoulder Belt Don’t let it get twisted. see “Safety Belt 2. Here’s how to wear 4. it properly. Make sure the release button on the buckle is positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly if you ever had to. First.How to Wear Safety Belts Properly Adults This part is only for people of adult size. Adjust the seat (to see how.

This could cause serious or even fatal injuries. the hips. this applies force to the strong pelvic bones. To make the lap part tight. the belt would apply force at your abdomen.The shoulder belt shouldgo over the shoulder and across the chest.In a crash. And you’d be less likely to slide under thelap belt.just touching the thighs.5. 1-13 . pull down on the buckle The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snugon end of the belt as you pull upon the shoulder belt. If you slid under it. The safety belt locks if there’s a sudden stop or a crash. These parts of the body are best able to take belt restraining forces.

which could increase injury. It won't give nearly as much protection this way.@' What's wrong with this? . A: The shoulder belt is too loose. The shoulder belt shouldfit against yourbody. 1-14 . A CAUTION: I is You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder belt too loose. you would move forward too much. In a crash.

P 1-15 .Always buckle your belt into the buckle nearest you. In a crash. This could cause serious internal injuries. the belt would go up over your abdomen.&: What’s wrong with this? I You can be seriously injured if your belt is buckled in the wrong place likethis. The belt forces would be there. not at thepelvic bones. A: The belt is buckled in the wrong place.

. which aren't as'stronga s shoulder bones. You could also severely injure internal organs like your liver spleen. be worn over the shoulder at all times. your~ body would move .too far forward. It should . I A: The shoulder belt is worn under the arm. . Also. or . --- You can be seriously injured if you wear the shoulder belt under your arm. In a crash.which would increase the chanceof head and neck injury. . the beltwould apply too much force to the ribs. . . .

What’s wrong with this? I You can be seriously injuredby a twisted belt. In a crash. you wouldn’t have the full width of the is twisted. belt to spread impact forces. If a belt make it straight so it can work properly. A: The belt is twisted across the body.or ask your dealerto fix it. 1-17 .

The air ‘I The belt should go back out of the way.” Thatis. it Before you close the door. Wearing your safety belt dwring a crash helps reduce your chance of hitting things To unlatch the belt. way.Jou can damage both the belt and your vehicle. bag is only a “supplemental restraint.just push the buttonon the buckle. besure the belt is out of the works with safety beltsbut doesn’t replace them. If you slam the door on it. CAUTION: (Continued) . Your vehicle has an air bagfor the driver. Here are the most important thingsto know about the air bag system: A CAUTION: You can beseverely injured orkilled in a crashif L -- you aren’t wearing your safety belt even if you have an air bag. Supplemental Inflatable . inside the vehicle or being ejected from it.Restraint (SIR) System This part explains the Supplemental Inflatable Restraint (SIR) system or air bag system.

The light tells you if there is an electrical problem. rear. Air bags inflate with great force. even with an airbag. There is an air bag CAUTION: (Continued) readiness light on the instrument panel. They aren’t designed to inflateat all in rollover. Always wear your safety belt. you’re tooclose to an inflating air bag. The system checksthe air bag’s electrical system for malfunctions. faster than the blink of an eye. and sit as far back as you can ~ while still maintaining control of your vehicle. Safety belts help keep you in positionfor an air bag inflation in a crash. which Air bags are designed to work only in moderate to shows AIR BAG. sideor low-speed frontal crashes. severe crashes where the front of your vehicle hits AIR something. -- should wear a safety belt properly whether or not there’s an air bag for thatperson. BAG Everyone in yourvehicle. If. it could seriouslyinjure you. including the driver. See “Air Bag Readiness Light’’ in the Index for more information. (L 1-19 .

the steering wheel. don't put anything (such as pets or objects) between the driver and the steering wheel.How the Air Bag System Works A CAUTION: Don't put anythingon. Where is the air bag? The driver's air bag is in the middle of the steering wheel. If something is between an I occupant and an air bag. Also. 1-20 . it could cause injury. it could affect the -- performance of the air bag or worse. or attach anythingto.

impacts or rear impacts. including Inflation is determined by the angle of the impact and rollovers. which inflates the air bag. As always. The inflator. because inflation would not even belted occupants can contact the steering wheel. so that related hardware are all part of theair bag module it can be somewhat above or below this range. especially on rough terrain. and then only in wide range of conditions. 1-21 . air bag is not designed to inflate in rollovers. the threshold level will be higher. frontal or near-frontal crashes. The threshold level gas. The . See “Off-Road Driving” in the Index for more tips on off-road driving. air bag and can vary. including off-road usage. The air bag supplements the protection provided by safety belts. Air bags distribute the force of the impact In any particular crash. however. help you in many types of collisions. primarily the vehicle’s deceleration. no one can say whether an air more evenly over the occupant’s upper body.When should an air bag inflate? What makes an air bag inflate? The air bag is designed to inflate in moaerate to severe In a frontal or near-frontal impact of sufficient severity.stopping bag should have inflated simply because of the damage the occupant more gradually.” If your vehicle goes straight into a system triggers a chemical reaction of the sodium azide wall that doesn’t move or deform. with specific vehicle design. The sensing “threshold level. help the occupant. Vehicle damage is only one because an occupant’s motion is not toward theair bag. indication of this. side In moderate to severe frontal or near-frontal collisions. rear impacts and side impacts. moderate to severe frontal or near-frontal collisions. such How does an air bag restrain? as a parked car. If your packed inside the steering wheel. the threshold level is sealed in the inflator. Observe safe driving speeds. Butair bags would not to a vehicle or because of what the repaircosts were. vehicle strikes something that will move or deform. wear your safety belt. The air bag will inflate the air bag sensing system detects that the vehicle is only if the impact speed is above the system’s designed suddenly stopping as a result of a crash. Air bags should never be regardedas anything more The air bag system is designed to work properly under a than a supplement to safety belts. The reaction produces nitrogen about 14 to 18 mph (23 to 29 km/h).

I A CAUTION: e Let only qualified technicians workon your air bag system. Some components of the air bag module in won’t be there to help protect you in another crash. then get it may not work properly. The A new system will include theair bag module and part of the bag that comes into contact with you may be possibly other parts. See your dealer When an air bag inflates. After it After the air bag inflates. the steering wheel hub will be hotfor a short time. from seeing or from being able to steer the vehicle. for service. If you don’t get them. nor The module records informationabout the readiness will it stop people from leaving the vehicle. There will be some smoke and dust coming from vents in the deflated e Your vehicle is equipped witha diagnostic module. 1 !re is du in 1 ! air. The service manual for your vehicle covers the need to replace other parts. of the system. - 1-22 . air bag. you’ll need some new parts for your air bag system. everyone inthe NOTICE: vehicle should get out as soon as it is safe to doso. If you have breathing problems but can’t get out If you damage the cover for the driver’sbag. replace the air bagmodule. when the sensors are activated and driver’s safety belt usage at deployment.You may have to fresh airby obening awindow or door. warm. Air bag inflation willnot prevent the driver which records information about the air bagsystem.What will you see after an air bag inflates? 0 The air bag is designed to inflate only once. it quickly deflates. theair bag system so quickly that some people may not even realize theair bag inflated. This dust could cause breathing problems for people with a historyof asthma or other breathing trouble.To avoid this. but it will never be too hot to touch. Improper service can mean that your air bag system won’t work properly. This occurs inflates. Do not open or break the air bag cover. air of the vehicle after an air bag inflates.

& bag the air bag system.@ Is there anything I might add to the front vehicle that could keep the air bag from of the For up to two minutes after the ignition key is working properly? turned off and the batteryis disconnected. you service procedures. See “Customer Satisfaction Procedure”in the Index. they may keep the air bag system from it inflates.You frame.Be sure tofollow proper 3 sensors. structure isn’t changed. front end sheet metal or can be injuredif you are close to an air bagwhen height. If you have any question about this. modify your vehicle. A CAUTION: m e. Your working properly? GM dealer and the service manual have information about servicingyour vehicle and the air bag system. it’s not likely to keep the air bags from working properly in a’crash. c Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle Adding Equipment toYour The air bag affects how your vehicle should be serv: d. working properly.@I If add a push bumper or abicycle rack to the front of my vehicle. Also. and make sure the person shouldcontactCustomerAssistancebeforeyou . bumper system. performing work foryou is qualified to doso. will it keep the air bag from inflate while someone is working on your vehicle. the Customer Satisfaction Procedurein this manual. To A: As long as the push bumper or bicyclerack is purchase a service manual.) 1-23 . You don’t want the system to e. see “Service and Owner attached to your vehicle so that the vehicle’s basic Publications” in the Index. (The phone numbers and addresses for Customer Assistance arein Step Twoof The air bag system does not need regular maintenance. If you add things that change your vehicle’s bag can still inflate during improper service. Avoid wires wrapped with yellow tape. an air A: Yes. They are probably part of work properly if you relocate any of the. Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle There are parts of the airbag system in several places around your vehicle. the air bag system may not or yellow connectors.

. .

Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy The best way toprotect the fetus is to protect the ...
mother. When a safety belt is worn properly, it’s more
Safety belts work for everyone,including pregnant likely that the fetus won’t be hurt ina crash. For
women. Like all occupants, they are more likely to be pregnant women, as ‘foranyone, the key to making
seriously injured if they don’t wearsafety belts. safety belts effective is wearing them properly.
Right’
Front
Passenger
Position i
The right front passenger’s safety belt worksthe same , . ,
I

way as the driver’s safety belt. See “Driver Position”
earlier in this section. f
:i ,
I.1
When the shoulder belt is pulled out all the way, it will
lock. If it does, let it go back all the way~andstart again:
Center Front Passenger Position
@-DoorModels)

A pregnant woman should wear a lap-shoulderbelt, and
the lap portion should be worn as low as possible, below
the rounding, throughout the pregnancy. -

Lap Belt
If your vehicle has a front bench seat, someone can sit in
the center position.

To make the belt shorter, pull its free end as shown until
the belt is snug.
Buckle, position and release it the way as the lap part of
a lap-shoulder belt. If the belt isn’t long enough, see
When you sit in the center front seating position, you have “Safety Belt Extender” at the end of this section.
a lap safety belt, which hasno retractor. To make the belt
longer, tilt the latch plate and pullit along the belt. Make sure the release button on the buckle is positioned
so you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly
if you ever had to.

1-25

1 Rear Seat Passengers
I It’s very important for rear seat passengers to buckle up!
1
Accident statistics show that unbelted people in the rear
1 seat are hurt more often in crashes than those who are
! wearing safety belts.

1i Rear passengers who aren’t safety belted can be thrown
out of the vehicle in a crash. And they can strike others
in the vehicle who are wearing safety belts.
I
j Rear Seat Outside Passenger Positions
:,i

1. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Don’t let it gettwisted. On four-door models, the
shoulder belt may lock if you pull the belt across you.
very quickly. If this happens, let the belt go back
slightly to unlock it. Then pull the belt across you
more slowly.
l
i
Lap-ShoulderBelt
1 The positions next to the windows have lap-shoulder
! belts. Here’s how to wear one properly.

2. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.
When the shoulder belt is pulled out all the way,it
will lock. If it does, let it go back all the way and
start again.
If the belt is not long enough, see “Safety Belt
Extender” at the end of this section.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.

3. To make the lap part tight, pull down on the buckle
end of the belt as you pull up on the shoulder part.

1-27

likely to slide under the lap belt. If you slid under it, the
belt would applyforce at your abdomen.This could
cause serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder belt
should go over the shoulder and across the chest.
These parts of the body are best able to take belt
restraining forces.
The safety belt locksif there’s a sudden stop or a crash.
On four-door models, the safety beltalso locks if you
pull the belt very quickly out ofthe retractor.

A CAUTION:
You can be serious1 hurt if your shoulder belt is
too loose. In a crash, you would move forward
too much, which could increase injury. The
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug on shoulder belt shouldfit against your body.
the hips, just touching the thighs. In a crash, this applies
force to the strong pelvic bones. And you’d be less

1-28

Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides
for Children and Small Adults
@-Door Models)
Four-door models have rear shoulder belt comfort guides
This feature will provide added safety belt comfortfor
children who have outgrown child restraints and for smal
adults. When installed on a shoulder belt, the comfort
guide pulls the belt away from the neck and head.
There is one guide foreach outside passenger position in
the rear seat. To provide added safety belt comfort for
children who have outgrown child restraints and for
smaller adults, the comfort guides may be installed on
the shoulder belts. Here's how to install a comfort guide
and use the safety belt:

To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the buckle.

1-29

I. Pull the elastic cord out from between the edge of 2. Slide the guide under and past the belt. The elastic
the seatback and the interior bodyto remove the cord must be under the belt. Then, place the guide
guide from its storage clip. over the belt, and insert thetwo edges of the belt into
the slots of the guide.

1-30

position and release the safety belt as The elastic cord must be under the belt and theguide described in “Rear Seat Outside Passenger Positions” on top. 4. 1-31 . Make sure that the shoulder belt crosses the shoulder. Be sure that the belt is not twisted and it lies flat.3. Buckle. earlier in this section.

To remove and store the comfort guides. 1. you have a lapsafety belt which has a retractor. Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you. just perform Lap Belt ~ these steps in reverse order. 2. 3. Feed the lap belt into the retractor to tighten it. . Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks. Don’t let it gettwisted. Squeeze the belt edges When you sit in the center rear seating position.

Instead. see “Safety Belt should. Children Everyone in a vehicle needs protection! That includes infants and all children smaller than adult size. which could would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly if cause serious or fatal injuries. any child small enough for one is always properly restrained in a child or infant restraint. Smaller Children and Babies I A CAUTION: Smaller children and babies should always be restrained in a childor infant restraint. Position and release it the same way as the lap part young child’s hip bones are so small that a of a lap-shoulder belt. the law in every state in the United States and in every Canadian province says children up to some age must be restrained while in a vehicle. A very 4. be sure that you ever had to.So. Make sure the child’s abdomen. The instructions for the restraintwill say whether itis the right type andsize for your child. as it If the belt isn’t long enough. In fact. In a crash. the belt would appl release button on the buckle is positioned so you force right on thechild’s abdomen. 1-33 . regular belt might not stay low on the hips. the beltwill likely be over the Extender” at the end of this section.

The babywould be almost impossible to hold. c JN: (Continued) at only 25 mph (40 km/h).(110 kg) force on your arms. a 12-1b. A baby doesn't weigh much until a crash. CAUTION: - Never hold a baby in your armswhile ridinL -- vehicle. in a crash ' CAUTION:(Continued) 1-34 . During a crash a baby will become so heavy you can't holdit.5 kg) baby will suddenly become a 240-lb. (5. Secure the babyin an infant restraint. For example.

These restraints use the belt system in your vehicle. If it is. anchored. The instructions that come with the infant or child restraint will show you how todo that.thecargo area. it should be right front seat where you cankeep an eye on the baby. you might want to secure the restraint in the If your child restraint has a topstrap. be sure to secure the child positions are located on the floor in. We at General Motors therefore recommend that you put your child restraint in a rear seat outside position unless the child is an infant and you're the only adultin the vehicle. Anchbr brackets for the rear outside seat Wherever you install it.properly.Child Restraints Top Strap Be sure the childrestraint is designed to be used in a vehicle. Then followthe instructions for the restraint. restraint . In that case. but the child also has to be secured within the restraint to help reduce the chance of personal injury. 1-35 . it willhave a label saying that it meets Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards. Be sureto properly secure any child restraint in your vehicle -. 'Where to Put the Restraint Accident statistics show that children are safer if they are restrained in the rear rather than thefiont seat. You may find theseinstructions on the restraint itself or in a booklet.even when no child is in it. Keep in mind that an unsecured child restraint can move around in a collision or sudden stop and injure people in the vehicle. or both.

put it behind the child restraint.wn brackets. top strap to the rearmast bracket on the same side of the vehicle as the chi14 restraint. 3. Pick up the latch plate. If the shoulder belt goes in front of the child’sface or neck. The child restraint instructions will show you how. Secure the child in the child restraint as the instructions say. . Securing a Child Restraint ina Rear Outside Seat Position You’ll be using the lap-shoulder belt. Once you havethe top strap anchored.See the earlier part about the top strap if the child restraint has one. 2. Anchor the for the child restraint. 1. Follow the instructions Don’t use the front set of tie-do. 1-36 . Put the restraint on the seat. you’ll be readyto secure the child restraint itself.. and run thelap and shoulder portions of the vehicle’s safety belt throughor around the restraint.

4. 1-37 . Pull the rest of the shoulderbelt all the way out of positioned so you would be ableto unbuckle the the retractor to set the lock. Make sure the release button is 5. safetv belt quickly if you ever had to. Buckle the belt.

To remove the child restraint. Push and pull the child restraint in different directions to be sure it is secure. The restraints won't work properly. 6. The safety belt will move freely again and be ready to work for an adult or larger child passenger.just unbuckle the vehicle's safety belt and let itgo back all the way. 7. feed the shoulder belt back into the retractor while you push down on the child restraint. 1-38 . To tighten the belt. Center Seat Positions(4-Door Models) Don't use child restraints in these positions.

Put the restraint on the seat.run thelap and shoulder portions of the vehicle's safety belt through or around the restraint. If the shoulder beltgoes in front of the child's face or neck. Follow the instructions for the child restraint.Securing a Child Restraint in the You'll be using the lap-shoulder belt. 2. 3. \ \ 1. See the earlier part Right Front Seat Position about the topstrap if the child restraint has one. 1-39 .child restraint as the instructions say. put it behind the child restraint. Pick up the latch plate. Secure thechild in the. and. The child restraint instructions will show you how.

Make sure thereleasebutton is 5. safety belt quickly ifyou ever had to. b i j 4. Bucklethebelt. Pulltherestoftheshoulderbeltallthewayout of positioned so youwouldbeable to unbucklethetheretractor to setthelock.. 1-40 .

shoulder belt back . To remove the childrestraint. into the retractor while you push down on the ’ child restraint. But don’t move it any more than needed to tighten the lap belt. adj. If you’re using a I bucket seat. 7. The safety belt will move. 1-41 . feed the. To tighten the belt.freely again and be ready to workfor an adult . Push and pull the childrestraint in different directions to be sure it is secure.ustthe seat forward until the lap portion of the safety belt holds the restraint firmly. or larger child passenger. just unbuckle the vehicle’s safety belt and let it go back all the way.1 6.

1-42 . Children who aren't buckled up can be thrown out in a crash. a child should sit next to a window so the child can weara lap-shoulder belt and get the additional restraint a shoulder belt can provide. Accident statistics show that children are safer if they are restrained in the rear seat.Larger Children Children who have outgrown child restraints should wear the vehicle's safety belts. If you have the choice. 0 Children who aren't buckled up can strike other people who are. But they needto use the safety belts properly.

his. A belt must be usedby only one person at a time. The a belt can’t properly spread the impact forces.If the child is sitting in a rear outside position of a four-door model. but be sure that the shoulder belt still is on the child’s shoulder. . see “Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides” i n the Index. you might want to placethe child in a seat that has a lap belt. but the childis so small that the shoulder beltis very close to thechild’s faceor neck? A: Move the child toward the center of the vehicle. so that in a crash the child’s upper body would have the restraint that belts provide. 1-43 . In crash. &: What if a child is wearing a lap-shoulder belt. Here two children are wearing the same belt. If the child is so small that the shoulder belt is still veryclose to the child’s face or neck. if your vehicle has one. the two children can be crushed together and seriously injured.

A CAUTION: Never dothis.This applies belt forceto the child’s pelvic bones in a crash. Wherever the childsits. the lap portion of the belt should be worn low and snug on the hips. Here a child is sitting ina seat that has a lap-shoulder belt. 1-44 . in a crash thechild might slideunder the belt. but the shoulder part is behind the child.just touching the child’s thighs. Thatcould cause seriousor fatal injuries. The belt’s force would then be applied righton the child’s abdomen. If the child wears the belt in this way.

take the heaviest coat you will wear.Safety Belt Extender Checking Your Restraint Systems If the vehicle’s safety belt willfasten around you. buckles. (The air bag system does not need regular maintenance.If you see dealer will order you an extender. so the doing its job. get a new one right away. When yougo anything that might keep a safety belt system from in to order it. It’s free. to the regular safety belt. Also look for any opened or broken air bag covers. extender will be long enough for you. To wear it. and use it crash. The extender will be justfor you. Don’t let someone else use it. make sure the safety belt reminder light should use it.) 1-45 . your loose or damaged safety belt system parts. have it repaired. andjust for the seat in your vehicle that Torn or frayed safety belts may not protectyou in a you choose. Look for any other But if a safety belt isn’t long enough to fasten. If a belt is only for the seat it is made to fit. and all your belts. just attach it torn or frayed. you Now and then. retractors and anchorages are working properly. and have them repaired or replaced. latch plates. They can rip apart under impact forces.

See the part on the air bag system earlier in this section. you’ll needto replace air bag during a more severe crash. replace them. system parts. But if the belts werestretched. New parts and repairs If you’ve had a crash. do you need new belts? may be necessary even if the belt wasn’t being used at the time of the collision. Collision damage also may mean you will need to have safety belt After a Crash or seat parts repairedor replaced. as they would be if worn If an air bag inflates.Replacing Restraint System Parts If belts are cut or damaged. nothingmay be necessary. 1-46 . then you need new belts. After a very minor collision.

shifting and braking.and what to do if you have a problem. Section 2 Features and Controls 1 I Here you can learn about the many standard and optional features on your vehicle. A child or otherscould be badly injured or even killed. 2-1 . Don't leave the keys ina vehicle with young children. Keys A CAUTION: Lea lg youni !n in a V I !W the ignition key is dangerous for manyreasons. and information on starting. Also explained are the instrument panel and the warning systems that tell you if everything is working properly -. They could operate power windows or other controls or even make thevehicle move.

2-2 . This vehicle has one The bar-coded tag has a code on it that tells your dealer double-sided key for or a qualified locksmith how to make extra keys. I NOTICE: Your vehicle has a number of new features that can help prevent theft. 1 It will fit with either side up. But you can have a lot of trouble getting into your vehicle if you ever lock your keys inside.So be sure you When a new vehicle is delivered. Keep the ignition. . you’llbe spare tire lock (two-door able to have newones made easily using this tag. vehicles) and door locks. the dealer provides the have extra keys. this tag in a safe place. owner with a pair of identical keys anda bar-coded tag.You may even have to damage your vehicle to get in. endgate. If you lose your keys.

Wear safety belts properly. Outsiders caneasily enter through an unlocked door when you slow down or stop your vehicle. You can use your key to unlock your door from the outside. This may notbe so obvious: You increase the chance of being thrown outof the vehicle in a crash if the doors aren'tlocked.if you have 1- A CAUTION: this option.Door Locks There are several ways to lock and unlock your vehicle. 2-3 .xous. -. Unlocked doors can be c---. lock your doors. You will see a red area on the . To unlock the door. the inside handle won't open it. -- Passengers especially children can easily open the doors and fall out. You can use the Keyless Entry system. When a door is locked.lever. andyou will be far better off whenever you drive yourvehicle. slide the leveron your inside door forward.

the switch is located on the armrest. Then get out and only that door’s lock. you can lock the rear doors so they can’t be opened from the inside by passengers. take your key. Press LOCK to lock all the doors at once. To unlock the doors. the leveron each rear door works door and set the locks from inside. open your On four-door models. With this feature. 2-4 . If you are leaving the vehicle.Power Door Locks (Option) Rear Door Security Lock r I If your vehicle has power door locks. press the raised area next to the Leaving Your Vehicle key symbol. Move the lock up to lock the doors and down to release the door locks. close the door.

You may be too Far from your vehicle. you must engage parking brake. Commission (FCC) Rules. endgate will unlock automatically. the driver’s door and ( 1 ) This device may not cause harmful interference.Keyless Entry System(Option) 0 Check the location. 0 Check the distance. This product has a maximum range. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: When you press UNLOCK. If your vehicle has thisoption. Press the REAR button twice within 3 1/2 seconds to Should interference to this system occur. Press LOCK to lock all the doors. If you press and (2) This device must accept any interference UNLOCK again within five seconds. all doors will received. undesired operation. Changes or modifications to this system by other than an Your Keyless Entry System operates on a radio authorized service facility could void authorization to frequency subject to Federal Communications use this equipment. Other vehicles or objects may be blocking the signal. replacement. you can lock and unlock your doors or unlock your rear endgate from up to 0 See your GM dealer or a qualified technician 30 feet (9 m) away using the key chain transmitter for service. supplied with your vehicle. Operation This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. including interference that may cause unlock. try this: unlock and unlatch theendgate glass. the transmission must be in Check to determine if battery replacement is PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N). If your vehicle has an automatic transmission. If your vehicle has a necessary. 2-5 . See the instructions on battery manual transmission.

Remove and replace the batteries with two Duracell@-typebatteries (DL2016 or equivalent). Insert a dime in the slot between the covers of the won’t work at the normal range in any location. Battery Replacement Under normal use. the batteriesin your key chain transmitter should lastabout two years. 4. any remaining transmitters must also be matched. Once the new transmitteris coded.Matching Transmitter(s) To Your Vehicle To replace the batteries in the Keyless Entry transmitter: Each key chain transmitter is coded to prevent another transmitter from unlocking your vehicle. Remove have to get close to your vehicle before the transmitter the bottom by twisting the dime. it’s probably timeto change the batteries. 2-6 . the lost transmitter will not unlock your vehicle. Each vehicle can have only two transmitters matched toit. Rememberto bring any remaining transmitters with you when you go to your dealer. When the dealer matches the replacement transmitter to your vehicle. works. If you transmitter housing near the key ring hole. a replacement can be purchased through your dealer. positive side down. 2. You can tell the batteries are weak if the transmitter I . Align the covers and snap them together.If a transmitter is lost or stolen. 3. Check the operation of the transmitter.

swing it toward the endgate. 3. You can’t see or smell CO. To latch the carrier arm. ’hrn the fan on your heating or cooling system to its highest speed with the setting on VENT. you must move the carrier arm outof the way to open the glass. It can cause unconsciousness and even death. may need to give it a slight tug. 1.Endgate If your vehicle has anendgate-mounted spare tire carrier. open them all the way. A CAUTION: Here’s how to move the arm: It can be dangerous to drive with the rear window or endgate open because carbon monoxide (CO) gas can come into your vehicle. . That will force outside air intoyour vehicle. Squeeze the release handle to free the carrier arm. See “Comfort Controls” in the Index. See “Engine Exhaust” in the Index. Swing the carrier arm away from the endgate. If you must drivewith the rearwindow or endgate open orif electrical wiring or other cable connections must pass through the seal between the body and the rear window or endgate: 0 Make sure all windows are shut. If you have air outlets on or under the 2. You instrument panel.

will lock. insert the key in the lock and turn it counterclockwise to unlock the glass. To open a power lock system fromthe outside. insert The endgate and glass will a1ltomatically lock the key in the lock button and turn clockwise. The endgate can be opened withouta key if the driver's door is unlocked. Then reach inside to lift the handle and open the endgate. Open the glass and reach inside the endgate ' to lift the handle and open the endgate. To lock a power lock system from the outside. All doors will unlock. insert the key in the lock button and turn counterclockwise. To open a mechanical lock system from the outside. 2-8 I" .Endgate Release When doors are unlocked. The endgate glass will not release if the vehicle is in gear.All doors when shut.

parking brake before you can openthe endgate glass. access holes in both the trim panel and the hardware cover. Use a thin screwdriver you to release the endgate to reach through the from inside the vehicle. Pry the release lever toward the passenger side until the glass latch PSJ pops open.Remote Endgate Release Emergency Release for Opening Endgate This button on the 1. Reattach the carpet securely. 2-9 . steering column allows 2. you must apply your 3. If your vehicle has an automatic transmission. If you have a manual transmission. either with or without the Keyless Entry option. your shift lever must be in PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) for the L release to work. Peel back or slit the carpet locally to expose the driver’s side of the access hole in the trim panel.

especially in some cities.so you have to leave something valuable in your vehicle? don’t do it. And remember to lock thedoors. If you leave your vehicle with the keys inside. it’s best to lock it up and take your keys. Parking Lots If you park in a lot where someone will be watching Key in the Ignition your vehicle. it impossible to steal. close all windows and lock your Although your vehicle hasa number of theft-deterrent vehicle. Your steering wheel will be locked. you’ll hear a tone reminding youto remove your key 0 Lock all the doors except the driver’s. there are ways you can help. or take them with you. we know that nothing we puton it can make Put them in a storage area. and so will your ignition. However. Park in a lighted spot. If you have an automatic transmission. glove box. Remember to keep your valuablesout of sight. Put your valuables in a storage area. features.Theft Parking at Night Vehicle theft is big business. taking your key out also locks your transmission. Always do this. like your When you park your vehicle and open the driver’s door. from the ignition and take it withyou. 2-10 . it’s an But what if you have to leave your ignition key? What if easy target forjoy riders or professional thieves -.

NOTICE: Your modern vehicle doesn’t needan elaborate C I “break-in. like the radio and the windshield wipers when the e Don’t tow a trailer during break-in. -- e Don’t drive at any one speed fast or -- slow for thefirst 500 miles (804 km). Follow this breaking-in guideline every ACCESSORY (A): ACCESSORY lets you use things time you get new brake linings. Hard stops withnew linings can mean premature wear and earlier replacement. During this time’ your new brake linings aren’t yet broken . e Avoid making hard stops for the first 200 miles (322km)or so. more information. Don’t make full-throttle starts. just as it was before you inserted the key.” But it will perform better in the long run if you follow these. See “Towing a Trailer” in the Index for Your steering wheel will remain locked.‘J’ = New Vehicle “Break-In” Ignition Positions i USEthe key to turn the ignition switch to five different positions. Push in the key and-turnit toward you. in. ’ . . engine is off.guidelines: e Keep your speedat 55 mph (88 km/h) or less for the first500 miles (804 km). 2-11 .

turning thekey positio. . . then your vehicle needs service.. I .Use OFF if you must have your vehicle in motion whilethe engine is off (for If your key seems stuck in LOCK and you can’t example. You will only be able to remove your key when the ignition is turned to LOCK. . turn thekey only to OFF. If none of this works. OFF (C): This position lets you turn off the engine but NOTICE: still turn the steering wheel. if your vehicle is being towed).NOTICE. wheel and transmission. . for long periodsof time. Don’t press thekey. turn thekey hard. Using a tool to force itcould break the key or the-ignitionswitch.. START (E):. I turn it. release buttonwhile LOCK (B): This position locks your ignition. This could position could drain your battery and prevent cause a collision. I . then RUN (D): This is the position for driving. If you need to turn the engine you from starting yourvehicle. It’sa theft-deterrent feature. This starts your engine. But turn the key only with u . steering the vehicle is moving.: A CAUTION: Don’t operate accessories in the ACCESSORY On manual transmissionvehicles. off while the vehicle i s moving. . your hand. turn the steeringwheel left and right while you I. be sure itis all theway in:If itis. Prolonged to LOCKwill lock the steering column and result operation of accessories in the ACCESSORY in a loss of ability to steer thevehicle.

you could damage the transmission. On automatic transmission vehicles. vehicle is stopped. turn the key to LOCK and pull it straight out. 2-13 . Pull the key straight out. If youdo.that’s a release button is used. use NEUTRAL (N) only. I NOTICE: I Don’t try to shift toPARK (P) if your vehicle is moving. To restart when you’re already moving. safety feature. vehicles unless the key Your engine won’t start in any other position -. Shift to PARK (P) only when your To remove the key on manual transmission vehicles. turn the key to the OFF position. Then turn the key to the LOCK position while pressing the key release button down at the same time.Key Release Button Starting Your Engine The key cannot be Automatic transmission removed from the ignition of manual transmission Move your shift lever to PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N).

that’s a safety feature. holdyour key in START. you could change theway NOTICE: the engine operates. checkwith your dealer. If it doesn’t start in 10 seconds. And theexcessive heat the partof this manual that tells how to do it can damage your starter motor. 1. 2. Whenthe engine starts. The idle speed will go down as’your Your engine is designed to work with the engine gets warm. 15 seconds at a time will cause your battery to If you ever have to have your vehicle towed. push the accelerator pedal all the way down for five more seconds. If it doesn’t start right away. wait 15 seconds and start over.Manual Transmission 3. If your engine still won’t start (or starts but then stops). See “Towing Your Vehicle’’ in the Index. Holding your key in STARTfor longer than your engine might not perform properly. 2-14 . Your When the engine starts. Before adding electrical equipment. The ge ector should bein NEUTRAL (N). down -. see be drained muchsooner. turn your NOTICE: ignition key to START. Hold the clutch pedal to the floor and start the engine. electronics in yourvehicle. If you add electrical parts oraccessories. If you don’t. or until it starts. without damaging yourvehicle. Without pushing the accelerator pedal. let go of the key and the vehicle won’t start if the clutch pedal is not all the way accelerator pedal. let go of the key.

and some other things. 4. the 2. Plug the warm-up. grounded 110-volt AC outlet. be sure to Usually. You could be seriously injured. use a heavy-duty three-prong extension cord rated for at least 15 amps. from moving engine parts. - Engine Coolant Heater (Option) In very cold weather. cord intoa properly grounded three-prong 110-volt AC outlet. Instead of 3. 0°F I A CAUTION: (. we ask that you contact your GM dealer in the area where you’ll be parking your vehicle. trying to list everything here.18 O C) or colder. it could To use the coolant heater: be damaged.If the cordwon’t reach. You’ll get easier could cause an electricalshock. the engine coolant heater can Plugging the cord into an ungrounded outlet help. 2-15 . Also. After you’ve used the coolant heater. How long should you keep the coolant heater plugged in? The answer depends on the outside temperature. If you don’t. the coolant heater should be pluggedin a store the cord as it was before to keep it away minimum of four hours prior to starting your vehicle. the wrong starting and better fuel kind of extension cord could overheat and cause economy during engine a fire. kind of oil you have. 1. Turn off the engine. Plug it into a normal. Open the hood and unwrap the electrical cord. The dealer can give you the best advice for that particular area.

See “Shifting Into PARK (P)” in the Index. your key in the ignition in theOFF position for an If you have four-wheel drive. If your vehicle is equipped with a column shift lever. If you have left the anytime the shift lever iscapable of being moved out engine running. of the PARK (P) position. two-wheel high (2HI)or four-wheel position to use when you start your engine because your vehicle can’t move easily. Your vehicle can roll. 2-16 . It’s the best in a drive gear. -- PARK (P) if your transfer case is in NEUTRAL (N). there will be a small vehicle won’t move. thevehicle can move suddenly. it is recommended that you disconnect the battery cable from the battery to prevent discharging -- be free toroll even if your shift leveris in your battery. even when you’reon fairly current drain on your battery which could discharge level ground. but not locked. This means that if your key is You or others could be injured.Automatic Transmission Operation Your automatic transmission may have a shift lever D located on the console between the seats or on the steering column. So.it features an electronic shift position indicator within Don’t leave your vehicle when the engineis the instrument cluster.your vehicle will extended period. see “Towing a ’Ikailer” in the Index. To be sure your in the OFF position. shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the parking brake firmlyset. It is dangerous to getout of your vehicle if the There are several different positions for your shift lever. always set your parking brake and your battery over a period of time. If you’re pullinga trailer.This display must be powered running unless you have to. be sure the transfercase is PARK (P): This locks your rear wheels. If you need to leave move the shiftlever to PARK (P). high (4HI) or four-wheel low (4LO) not-- in NEUTRAL (N).

Your vehicle has a connect with the wheels. Ice or Snow” in the Index.Ensure the shift lever is fully in PARK (P) range NEUTRAL (N): In this position. out of PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) with the ice or sand without damaging your transmission. see engine racing isn’t coveredby your warranty. 2-17 . Shifting toREVERSE (R) while your vehicle is moving forward could damage your transmission. rapidly. your engine doesn’t before starting the engine. dangerous. apply your regular brakes before you can shift from PARK (P) when the ignition key is in theRUN position. To restart when you’re already brake-transmission shift interlock. You could lose control and hitpeople or objects. Shift to REVERSE (R)only after your vehicle NOTICE: is stopped. You have to fully moving.L [lu) w d e the gear you wish. Mud. Then shift into Shifting out of PARK (P) or NEUTl . See “Shifting Out of PARK (P)” in your engine is “racing” (running at high speed) is the Index. Don’t shift outof PARK (P) or I NOTICE: NEUTRAL (N) while your engineis racing. Damage to your transmission caused by shifting To rock your vehicle back and forth to get out of snow. “Stuck: In Sand. your vehicle could move very REVERSE (R): Use this gear to back up. use NEUTRAL (N) only.push the shift lever all the way into PARK (P) (press the button in on the console shift lever) as you maintain brake application. If you cannot shift out of PARK (P). ease pressure on the shift lever -. Unless your foot is firmly on the brake pedal.

You’ll shift down to the next gear and have more power. push the moving forward. FIRST (1) until the vehicle is going slowly enough. lower fuel economy. You can accelerator pedal about halfway down. driving on steep hills. push your (but lower fueleconomy) than SECOND (2). carrying a heavy load. drive. If you need more power for passing. heavy load.You Also. You could damage your transmission. don’t try to these conditions. the transmission won’t shiftinto accelerator all the waydown. AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (0)should not be used when towing a trailer. but thenyou would also want to use your brakes off and on. for off-road driving. carrying a your vehicle there with only the accelerator pedal. and you’re: FIRST (1): This position gives you even more power Going less than about 35 mph (56 km/h).AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (0):This position is You can also use SECOND (2) for starting your vehicle for normal driving. It can help control your speedas you go down steep mountain roads. Select I NOTICE: DRIVE (D) when operating the vehicle under anyof If your rear wheels can’t rotate. 2-18 . use it on very steep hills. or in deep snow or mud. Use your brakesor shift into PARK (P) to hold SECOND (2): This position gives you more power but your vehicle in positionon a hill. from a stop on slippery road surfaces. or for off-road driving. don’t hold should use DRIVE (D) when towing a trailer. driving on steep hills or winding roads or This could overheat and damage the transmission. economy than AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (GO). This might happen if you were stuck in very deep sand or mud or were up against a solid DRIVE (D): This position is also used for normal driving. You can use SECOND (2) on hills. if you stop when going uphill. If the selector lever is putin FIRST (1) while the vehicle is Going about 35 mph (56 km/h) or more. however it offers more power and lower fuel object.

Then.Manual Transmission FIRST (1): Press the clutch pedal and shiftinto FIRST (1). and FIFTH (5) the same way you do for SECOND (2). FOURTH ‘AND FIFTH(3. You can shift into FIRST (1) when you’re going less than 20 mph (32 km/h). This is your shift pattern. put the shift lever in NEUTRAL (N) and let up on the clutch. Here’s how to operate your transmission: 2-19 . Then. slowly let up on the clutch pedal as 5-Speed you press the accelerator pedal. FOURTH (4). SECOND (2): Press the clutch pedal as you let up on the accelerator pedal and shift intoSECOND (2). Slowly let up on the clutch pedal as you press the accelerator pedal. THIRD.4 and 5): Shift into THIRD (3). Press the clutch pedal back down. slowly let up on the clutch pedal as you press the accelerator pedal. If you’ve come to a complete stop and it’s hardto shift into FIRST (l). Then shift into FIRST (1).

wait about six seconds. Shift toREVERSE (R)only after your vehicle is stopped. Then let up on the clutch pedal slowly while pressing the SHIFT accelerator pedal.To stop. transmission. Ignore the SHIFT light when you downshift. you. press the clutch pedal. NOTICE: This light will show you when to shift to the next higher gear for best fuel economy. you have a SHIFT light. along with the parking brake. 2-20 . let up on the accelerator pedal and press the Shift Light brake pedal. Use REVERSE (R). Shifting to REVERSE (R) while your When this light comes on. thenshift into REVERSE (R). road and traffic conditions let vehicle is moving could damage your transmission. press the clutch pedal and the brake pedal. for While you accelerate. it is normal for the light to go parking your vehicle. on and off if you quickly change the position of the accelerator. you can shift to the next higher gear if weather. REVERSE (R):To back up. NEUTRAL (N): Use this position whenyou start or idle your engine. andshift to If you have a manual NEUTRAL (N). For the best fuel economy. accelerate slowly and shift when the lightcomes on. Just before the vehicle stops.

This is like four-wheel drive. road conditions. Four-wheel Drive (Option) If your vehicle has four-wheel drive and is equipped If your vehicle has four-wheel drive. disregard the shift light engine’s driving power to all four wheels for extra when the transfer case is in 4LO. Don’t shift It is fully automatic and adjusts itself as needed for down more than one gear when you downshift. you can send your with a manual transmission. you could lose control of your vehicle. mud. sand or gravel. traction. NOTICE: the locking feature will allow the wheel with traction to move the vehicle. 2-21 . move the transfer case shift lever to Locking Rear Axle 4HI or 4LO. You should use 2HI for most normal If you have this reature. Driving in the 4HI or 4LO positions for a long time on dry or wet pavement could shorten the life of your vehicle’s drivetrain. To shift out of two-wheel drive and into four-wheel drive. ice. additional traction on snow. but when one of the rear wheels has no traction and the other does. It works like a standard axle most of the time. but there is no downshift. your rearaxle can give you driving conditions. lever or switch to engage or disengage the front axle. And you could injure yourself or others.ear when you traction. your engine’s driving power is sent to all four wheels for extra If you skip more than onc . All-Wheel Drive(Option) If your vehicle has all-wheel drive.

Manual Transfer Case An indicator light nearthe lever shows you the transfer case settings: If your four-wheel-drive vehicle has the manual transfer case. 0 N SET PARK BRAKE 0 4LO 2-22 . the transfer case shift lever ison the floor next to 2HI the driver. Use this leverto shift into and out of 0 4HI four-wheel drive.

A you extra traction and provides extra gear reduction. or if the front to all four wheels. It sends the maximum power is normal. If the pattern does not light up. Set the parking brake.The front axle portion of the diagram on the indicator 4LO: This setting also engages your front axle to give will light up when you shift into four-wheel drive. This will also cause your instrument panel 4HI to 2HI. Stop the vehicle and shift your transmission into 4HI: This setting engages your front axle to help drive NEUTRAL (N). PARK BRAKE. mud or deep snow and four-wheel drive. slight delay between shifting and the pattern’s lighting You may never need 4LO. Your front axle will engage faster if you lights to dim. or in most off-road 2. 2-23 . your vehicle. climbing or descending steep hills. highway situations. Do not press the transfer case indicator light when your headlamps or parking lamps shift lever button when shiftingfrom 2HI to 4HI or from are on. Your front axle is not engaged in To shift your transfer case into N SET PARK BRAKE: two-wheel drive. have your dealer check your system. Turn the INT LIGHTS switch located to the right of You can shift from 2HI to 4HI or from 4HI to 2HI while your headlamp switch to dim your transfer case the vehicle is moving. take your foot off of the acceleratorfor a few seconds 2HI: This setting is for driving in most street and after you shift. Pull the transfer case shift lever into N SET only when your vehicle needsto be towed. N SET PARK BRAKE: Shift to this neutral setting 3. Your vehicle can roll unless situations. the brakes are applied. 1. such as on snowy or icy roads. You might choose 4LO if you were axle lights do not go out after you shift out of driving off-road in sand. Use 4HI when you needextra traction.

the clutch pedal must beengaged. Press the transfer case shift button and shift in one continuous motion. case switches are above The preferred method for shifting intoor out of the radio controls. 4HI: This setting engages your front axle to help drive your vehicle. 2. Use 4HI when you need extra traction. The vehicle must be moving less than 3 mph If your four-wheel-drive (4.2 k d h ) . 2HI: This setting is for driving in most street and highway situations. Remember that driving in4HI or 4LO may reduce fuel economy. Your front axle is not engaged in two-wheel drive. the transfer transmission.pavement could cause your tires to wear faster and drive. driving in four-wheel drive on Use these switches to shiftinto and out of four-wheel dry. You can choose among three driving settings: make your transfer case harder to shift and reduce powertrain longevity. or your gears could clash.8 kmrdh) with the transmission in NEUTRAL (N) vehicle has the electronic for an automatic transmission. Don’t pause in N SET PARK BRAKE as you shift into or out of 4L0. Fora manual transfer case. or in most off-road situations. 2-24 . Also. 4LO is to have your vehicle moving 1 to 2 mph (1.To shift into or out of 4LO: Electronic Transfer Case (Option) 1. such as on snowyor icy roads.6 to 3.

press and release the any speed. and the front axle will lock automatically. you should take your vehicle in for If the 4LO switch is pressed when your vehicle is in service. for 30 seconds and not complete the shift unless your vehicle is moving slower than 3 mph (4. While the 4LO indicator light is flashing. This can be done at transmission in NEUTRAL (N). This will get you into 4L0. you turn on the ignition and one will stay on. 2-25 .2 km/h). if your transfer case does not shift into 4L0. 4LO switch. stopped or moving less than 3 mph (4. This can be done at pedal engaged.8 km/h) with the but you should take your vehicle in for service to restore transmission in NEUTRAL (N) in vehicles equipped normal operation. and the front axle will unlock automatically. Wait until the Shifting from 2HI or I1 to 4LO 4LO indicator light remains illuminated before shifting To shift from t H I or 4HI to 4L0. You may never need 4LO. You must wait for the 4LO indicator light to stop Indicator lights in the switches show you which setting flashing and remain illuminated before shifting your you are in.It will gear and/or moving. If the lights do not come on. mud 4LO is to have your vehicle moving 1 to 2 mph or deepsnow and climbing or descending steep hills. Press and release the 4LO switch. It sends engaged in vehicles equipped with a manual the maximum power to all four wheels. the 4LO indicator light will flash remain illuminated when the shift is completed. On automatic transmission equipped vehicles. You might transmission. (1.4LO: This setting also engages your front axle to give with an automatic transmission or the clutch pedal you extra traction. your transmission Shifting from 4HIto 2HI indicator switch may require adjustment. With your Press and release the 2HI switch. the vehicle must be your transmission into gear. The indicator lights will comeon briefly when transmission into gear or releasing the clutch pedal.8 km/h) and Shifting from 2HI to 4HI' the transmission is in NEUTRAL (N) or the clutch Press and release the 4HI switch. shift your transmission into PARK (P). An indicator light will flash while shifting. any speed. The preferred method for shifting into choose 4LO if you were driving off-road in sand.6 to 3.

Ifthe ignition is on. With your transmission in NEUTRAL (N) or the clutch pedal transmission in NEUTRAL (N). the 4HI indicator light will flash To set the parking brake. Push down the parking brake vehicle is moving slower than3 mph (4. 2-26 . You must wait for the 4HI indicator light to stop but you should take your vehiclein for service to restore flashing and remain illuminated before shifting your transmission into gear or releasing the clutch pedal. hold the regular brake pedal for 30 seconds but not complete the shift unless the down with your right foot. press and release the 4HI switch. your transmission stopped or moving less than 3 mph (4. your transmission into gear.if your To shift from 4LO to 4H1.8 km/h) with the indicator switch may require adjustment. This will get you into 4H1. pedal engaged. If the 4HI switch is pressed when your vehicle is in Parking Brake gear and/or moving. While the4HI indicator light is flashing.2 km/h).6 to 3. your vehicle must be transfer case does not shift into4H1. Press and release the 4HI switch.8 km/h) and pedal with your left foot. normal operation. the brake the transmission is in NEUTRAL (N) or the clutch system warning light willcome on. engaged. Wait until the 4LO is to have your vehicle moving 1 to 2 mph 4HI indicator light remains illuminated before shifting (1. The preferred method for shifting out of shift your transmission intoPARK (P). To release the parking brake holdthe regular brake pedal down.Shifting from 4LO to 4HI On automatic transmission equipped vehicles.

even if your shift lever is in PARK (P). Your vehicle can roll. your vehicle parts of your. in the Index. will be free toroll. You or otherscould be NOTICE: injured.see “Towing a Trailer” what to do first to keep the trailer from moving. So. If you have left the engine running. It is locatedon the bottom driver’s side of the (Automatic TransmissionModels Only) instrument panel.If see “Towing a Trailer’’ in the Index. -- in a drive gear not in NEUTRAL (N). You may have to manual transfer case shift lever and your replace them. even when you’re on fairlylevel ground. 2-27 .vehicle. use the steps Driving with the parking brake on can cause that follow. A CAUTION: It can be dangerousto get obLdf your vehicle if the shift leveris not fully inPARK (P) with the parking brake firmlyset. andyou could also damage other transfer case is in NEUTRAL (N). be sure the transfer case is If you are towing a trailer and you must park on a hill. the vehicle can move suddenly. Pull the BRAKE RELEASE Shifting Into PARK (P) lever. If you have four-wheel drivewith a your rear brakes to overheat. That section shows you’re pulling a trailer. To be sure yourvehicle won’t move.

2. your vehicle in is PARK (P). Turn the ignition key to LOCK. besure the transfer case is in a drive gear -. Hold the brake pedal down with your rightfoot and set the parking brake. 4.Column Shift Lever 1. Move the shift lever into PARK (P) position like this: Move the lever up as far as it will go. If you have four-wheel drive with a manual transfer case shift lever. Remove the key and take it with you. 5. . If you can 0 Pull the lever toward you.not in NEUTRAL (N). 3. leave your vehicle with the key.

Don’t leave your vehicle with the the vehicle. Your vehicle could move suddenly if the shift leveris not fully in PARK (P) with the parking brake firmlyset. 1. your vehicle 1.Console Shift Lever 4. Hold the brake pedal down with your right foot and is in PARK (P). If you can remove the key and leave your vehicle. So be sure the transfercase is in a -- drive gear not in NEUTRAL (N). set the parking brake. . Move the shift lever into PARK (P) position Leaving Your Vehicle With the Engine like this: Running (Automatic Transmission Models Only) It can be dangerous toleave your vehicle with the engine running.even if your shift lever is in PARK (P). 2. it could overheat and even catch fire. Remove the key and take it with you. And. You or otherscould 0 Push the lever all the way toward the front of be injured. Turn the ignition key to LOCK. If you have four-wheel drive with a manual transfercase shift lever and your transfer case is inNEUTRAL (N). leave the vehicle with the engine running. engine running unless you have to. if you Hold in the button on the lever. your vehicle will be free to roll.

To find out how. driver’s seat. pressure from the transmission. Have the vehicle fixed as soon as you can. the transmission. vehicle push yours a little uphill to takesome of the 5. PARK (P) before you release the parking brake. This is called “torque lock. Then If you are parking on a hill and you don’t shift your move the shift lever into the gear you want (you must transmission into PARK(P) properly. You may find it difficult to pull the shift lever out of PARK (P). If you can.” If you ever hold the brake pedal down but still can’t To prevent torque lock. See “Automatic Transmission Operation” on a console shift lever. 2. set the parking brake and then shift out of PARK (P). shift lever wasn’t fullylocked into PARK (P).push the shiftlever all the way into PARK (P) as you maintain brake application. ease pressure on Torque Lock (Automatic Transmission) the shift lever -. hold the regularbrake pedal down. Shift to NEUTRAL (N). Start the vehicle and then shift to the drive gear If torque lock does occur. so you can pull theshift lever out of PARK(P). When you are ready to drive. be sure your vehicle is in PARK (P) and your parking brake is firmlyset before you leave it. see “Shifting Into PARK (P)” in the Index. you may need to have another you want. move the shift leverout of 3. Then. Turn the key to OFF.If you have to leave your vehicle with theengine Shifting Outof PARK (P) running. see You have to fully apply your regular brake beforeyou if you can move the shift lever away from PARK (P) can shift from PARK (P) when the ignition is in the without first pullingit toward you or pressing the button RUN position. 2-30 . trythis: shift into PARK (P) properly before youleave the 1. the weight ofthe press the shift lever buttonif you have the console vehicle may put too muchforce on the parking pawl in shift lever). 4. After (Automatic Transmission) you’ve moved the shiftlever into the PARK (P) Your vehicle has a brake-transmission shift interlock. If you cannot shift out of PARK(P). it means that the in the Index. position. Apply and hold the brake until the endof Step 4.

Don’t park over papers. Things that can burn could touch hot ex1Ist parts under your vehicle and ignite. leaves. turn off your engine. I I 2-31 . see “Towing a Trailer’’ in the Index. If you have four-wheel drive with a manual transfer case shift lever. or if your vehicle is pulling a trailer. Your vehicle could roll if it isn’t. If you are parking on a hill. put your manual transmission in REVERSE (R) and firmly apply the parking brake. dry grass or other things that can burn. be sure your transfer case is in a drivegear.Parking Your Vehicle Parking Over ThingsThat Burn (Manual Transmission Models Only) Before you get outof your vehicle.

Also. Engine exhaust cankill. One Repairs weren’t done correctly. and Have your vehicle fixed immediately. place this can happenis a garage. here are some things to know. It ‘contains the gas carbon monoxide(CO). your vehicle (see the earlier Caution under Your vehicle gets rusty underneath. “Engine Exhaust”). 2-32 . idling ina closed-in place can let deadly 0 Your vehicle was damaged when driving over carbon monoxide(CO) into yourvehicle even high points on the roador over road debris. if the fanswitch is at the highest setting. Your vehicle was damaged in a collision. But if you ever have to. It cancause unconsciousness and death. You might have exhaust coming in if: Idling the enginewith the air system control Your exhaust system sounds strange off could allow dangerous exhaust into or different. If you ever suspect exhaustis coming into Another closed-in place can be a blizzard. NEVER park ina garage with the engine running. which you can’t see or smell. Exhaust with -- Your vehicle or exhaust system had been modified improperly. -- CO can come ineasily. (See your vehicle: “Blizzard” in theIndex.Engine Exhaust Running Your Engine While You’re Parked (Automatic Transmission) A CAUTION: It’s better not to park with the engine running.) Drive it only with all the windows down to blow out any CO.

Power Windows (Option) Don’t leave your vehicle when the engineis running unlessyou have to. Windows /I\ CAUTION: Manual Windows It can be dangerous to get out of your vehicle if Turn the handcrank on each door to raise or lower your the shift leveris not fully in PARK (P) with the manual side door windows. are on each of the side doors. Follow the proper steps to be sure your vehicle won’t move. 2-33 . the controls engine running. be sure the transfer case is in a drive gear -. See “Shifting Into PARK (P)” in the Index.not in NEUTRAL (N). If you’ve left the If you have the optional power windows. If you’re pulling a trailer.To be sure your The driver’s door has a switch for the passenger vehicle won’t move. parking brake firmlyset. If you have four-wheel drive with a manual transfer case shift lever and your transfer case is in NEUTRAL (N). Your power windows will only work when the ignition has beenturned to RUN. even when you’reon fairly windows as well. thevehicle can move suddenly. see “Towing a Trailer” in the Index. always set your parking brake and move the shift lever toPARK (P). level ground. You or otherscould be injured. So. your vehicle will be free to roll. even if your shift lever is in PARK (P). Your vehiclecan roll. Always set your parking brake.

. PressLOCK to activate Express-Down Window this feature. It is located on the driver’s door. .. Press the side of the switch with the down arrow to lower the window. Lockout Switch -- . . ... Lightly tap the switch to open the window slightly. The express-down feature can be interrupted at any time by pressing theup arrow end of the switch. passengers from operating power windows. P r e s the side of the switch with the up arrow to raise Four-door vehicles have a lockout feature to prevent the window. Hold the driver’s window switch down for more than a 1/2 second to activate the express-down feature.. Press NORM and the windows returnto The driver’s window switch has an express-down normal operation.. . 2-34 .. feature that allows you to lower it without holding the window switch.

Move the steering wheel to a steering copfortable pads. press the horn symbols on the lever toward you. 2-35 . be sure the latch catches. hold the steering wheel and pull the To sound the horn. wheel level.the lever to lock the wheel in place. then release. Horn To tilt the wheel. Do not adjust the steering wheel while driving.Swing-Out Wind'ows(2-Door Only) Tilt Wheel (Option) If you have the tilt steering wheel. You can raise it to the highest level to give your legs . .when you enter and exit the vehicle. more room. you should adjust the steering wheel before 'you drive. When you close the window.

The lever will returnby itself when you release it. When the turn is finished. To signal a turn.Turn SignaVMultifunction Lever Turn and Lane Change Signals The turn signal has two upward (for right) andtwo downward (for left) positions. 0 WindshieldWasher 0 Cruise Control(Option) 2-36 . Hold it there until you 0 WindshieldWipers complete your lane change. the lever will return automatically. move the lever all the wayup or down. These positions allow you to signal a turn or a lane change. An arrow on the instrument panel will flash in the direction of the turn or lane change. The lever on the left side of the steering column includes your: 0 Turn Signal and Lane Change Indicator To signal a lane change. just raise or lower the lever 0 Headlamp HighLow Beam Changer until the arrow starts to flash.

replace it to help avoid an toward you. With this flasher installed.. accident. the trailer lamps. check the fuse (see “Fuses and Circuit When the highbeams are Breakers” inthe Index) and for burned-out bulbs. on. pull the multifunction lever all the way . Then release it. asignal bulb may be burned out and other drivers won’t see your turn signal. this indicator light on the instrument panel also If you have atrailer towing option with added wiring for will be on. If the arrows don’t go on at all when you signal a turn. 2-37 . Toxhange theheadlamps from low-beam to high or high to low. Check thefront and rear turn signal lamps regularly to make sure they are working. adifferent turn signal flasher is used. . As you signal a turnor a’lane change. the signal indicator will flash even if a turnsignal bulb is burned out.if the arrows don’t Headlamp High/Low Beam Changer flash but juststay on. If a bulb is burned out.

Turn the band to choose the delay time. To spray washer fluidon the windshield. blocking between wipes. The wipers will clear the window and then either stop or return to your preset speed. If you want more wipes. the shorter the delay. If your blades do become wipers by turning the band worn or damaged. 2-38 . Hold it there until the wipers start. This can be very useful in light rainor your vision. Otherwise the washer You can set the wiper speedfor a long or short delay fluid can form ice on the windshield. with the wiper symbol on it.OW position. turn the band to MIST.Windshield Wipers Be sure to clear ice and snowfrom the wiper blades before using them. turn the band away from you to the L. If they’re frozen to the windshield.For high-speed wiping. The wipers will stop after one wipe. For a single wiping cycle. turn the band further. move the band to the OFF position. The closer to LOW. get new bladesor blade inserts. then let go. Windshield Washer At the top of the multifunction lever there’sa paddle marked with the windshield washer symbol andPUSH. don’t use your washer until the windshield is warmed. hold the band on MIST longer. press the paddle.To stop the wipers. to HIGH. In freezing weather. You control the windshield carefully loosen or thaw them. For steady wiping at lowspeed. snow.

When the glassis WASH completely closed. therear window washer will runout of fluid before the windshield REAR WIPER washer. Press OFF to turn the wiper off. the wiper arm will automatically park on the endgate. If the rear glass is opened. 2-39 . The rear window washer uses the same fluid bottle as the windshield washer. the wiper will resume the delay mode. check your fluid level. press and holdON. 10 wash the window. However. This switch is located on the instrument panel.Rear Window WasherNViper The rear window wiper operates witha constant five second delay when the rear wiper switch is in the ON position. The wipers will continue to work after you release the switch. If you can wash your windshield but not your rear window.

If you have a manual transmission and you apply your brakes or push the clutch pedal. This can don't use your cruise control on winding really help on long trips. Cruise control does not Cruise control can be dangerous on work at speeds below about slippery roads. 2-40 . Don't use cruise control on slippery roads. If you have an automatic transmission andyou apply your brakes. So. and you could lose control. fast changes 25 mph (40 k d h ) . in tire traction can cause needless wheel spinning. roads or in heavy traffic. you can maintain a speed of about 25 mph (40 km/h) or more without keeping your foot - A CAUTIOh: Cruisecontrt ' I be dangerouswhere you can't drive safely at a steady speed. On such roads. the cruisecontrol will shut off.Cruise Control (Option) \ With cruise control. the cruise controlwill shut off. on the accelerator.

But you don’t need to reset it. stay there. if you hold the switch at R/A longer than a 1/2 second. Keep the R/A for about a 1/2 second. don’t hold the switch atR/A. shuts off the cruise control. Take your foot off the accelerator pedal. So unless you want to go faster. 2-41 . Once you’re going about If you we yourcruisecontrol swil I on a !n 25 mph (40 km/h) or more. You control switch from ON to could be startled and even lose control. the vehicle will keep going faster until you release the switch or apply the brake. Remember. This. Press in the SET button at the end of the lever You’ll go right back up to your chosen speed and and release it. of course. 4. you’re not using cruise. Move the cruise control switch to ON 2. you might hita button you can move the cruise and go into cruise when you don’t want to.Setting Cruise Control Resuming a Set Speed Suppose you set your cruise control at a desired speed and then you apply the brake. Get up to the speed you want. 1. 3. You could be startled and even lose control. cruise control switch OFF until you want to use it.

Many drivers find thisto there until youget up to the speed you want. then release When going up steep hills. Press the button at theend of the lever.Of course. Each time you do this. and be too much trouble and don’t use cruise control on then release theswitch.6 kmh) faster. your cruise control set speed memory is erased. Passing Another Vehicle While Using Cruise Control Use the accelerator pedalto increase your speed. your vehicle will slow down to the cruise control speed you set earlier. 2-42 . To slow down in very smallamounts. 0 Move the cruise switch to OFF. Each time you do this.6 km/h) slower. upon your speed. your vehicle will go about 1 mph Ending Cruise Control (1. you may want to stepon the accelerator pedal to maintain yourspeed. you’ll go 1 mph (1. When you turn off the cruise control or the ignition. load and the steepness of the hills. Hold it takes you out of cruise control. move the switch toR/A. you reach Press in the button at the end of the lever until the lower speed you want. applying the brake Move the cruise switch from ON to WA. There are two ways to turn off the cruise control: Reducing Speed While Using Cruise Control 0 Step lightly on the brake pedal or push the clutch pedal. you may have to brake or shift to a lower gear cruise at the higherspeed. very small amounts. press the button Erasing Speed Memory for less than a 112 second.Increasing Speed While Using Cruise Control Using Cruise Control on Hills There are two ways to go to a higher speed: How well yourcruise control will work on hills depends Use the accelerator pedal to get to the higher speed. When going the button and the accelerator pedal. You’ll now downhill. then release it. When you take your foot off the pedal. if you have a manual transmission. to keep your speed down. To increase your speed in steep hills.

The switches are on the left side of your instrument panel. 2-43 . Press the side of the switch marked OFF to turn off your lamps.Lamps Press the top switch withthe parking lamps symbol on it to turn on: Parking Lamps 0 Sidemarker Lamps 0 Taillamps License Plate Lamps 0 InstrumentPanelLights 0 Transfer Case Indicator Light (if you have one) Press the bottom switch with the masterlamps symbol on it to turn on all the lamps listed as well as the headlamps.

Lamps On Reminder When the DRL are on, only your headlamps will beon.
The taillamps, sidemarker and other lamps won’t beon.
A reminder tone will sound when your headlampsor The instrument panel won’t belit up either.
parking lamps are turned on and your ignition is inOFF,
LOCK or ACCESSORY. To turn the tone off, press the When it begins to get dark, your DRL indicator light
OFF switch. is a reminder to turn your headlamp switch on. The
other lamps that come on with your headlamps will
Daytime Running Lamps (If So Equipped) also come on.
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) can make iteasier for When you turn the headlamp switch off, the regular
others to see the front of your vehicle during the day. lamps will go off, and your headlamps will changeto
DRL can be helpful in many differentdriving the reduced brightnessof DRL.
conditions, but they can be especially helpful in the
To idle your vehicle with theDRL off, set the parking
short periods afterdawn and before sunset.
brake. The DRL will stay off until you release the
The DRL system will make your headlamps come on at parking brake.
reduced brightness when:
As with any vehicle, you should turn on the regular
the ignition is on, headlamp system when you needit.
the headlamp switch is off, and
the parking brake is released.

2-44

Fog Lamps (Option) Remember, fog lamps alone will not give off as much
light as your headlamps. Never use your fog lamps in
the dark without turning on your headlamps.
Fog lamps will go off whenever your high-beam
headlamps come on. When the high beams go off, the
fog lamps will come on again.

Interior Lamps
Brightness Control
Turn the switch nextto the headlamp switch up to
make your instrument panel and transfer case lights
brighter. Turn the switch all the way upto turn on the
interior lamps.
Front Reading Lamps (Option)
Use your fog lamps for better vision in foggy or misty Press the button neareach lamp on the overhead console
conditions. 'Your parkinglamps or low-beam headlamps to turn the reading lamps on and off. The lamps can be
must be on for your fog lamps to work. swiveled to point in the desired direction.
The fog lamp switch is on the instrument panel under
the lamps switches. Press the side of the switch with the
fog lamp symbol to turn the fog lamps on. Press OFF to
turn them off. A light will glow in the switch when the
fog lamps are on.

3 AL

‘ I
Front Map Lamps(Option) Dome Lamps I ’.
If your vehicle has optional front map lamps, they The rear dome lamp has a switch that lets you turn it on
are located on the inside rearview mirror. They will from the rear of the vehicle.
automatically come on for approximately 20 seconds
when either front door is opened or unlocked with the
Keyless Entry System, if so equipped, oruntil the
ignition key is turned to RUN or ACCESSORY. The
lamps will also stay on for approximately 15 seconds
after you exit the vehicle.
They will also stay on for 15,seconds when the INT
LIGHTS switch on the instiument panel is turned on
then off, while the ignition is off.
You can also turn the lamps on and off by pressing the
switch near each lamp.
I

Press the side of the switch with the lamp symbol to turn
on the front and rear dome lamps. Pressing the other
side of the switch will turn the cargoarea dome lamp
off, even when the endgate and doors’areopen.
c

2-46

Mirrors Outside Manual Adjust Mirror
Adjust your outside mirrors so you can just see the side
Inside Daymight Rearview Mirror of your vehicle.
You can fold them before entering a carwash. Pull the
mirrors in toward the vehicle. Push the mirrors back out
when finished.

I Power Remote Control Mirror
The control is located on the
driver’s door armrest. Turn
the control to L or R to
choose the mirror, then
press the arrows on the
outside switch ring to adjust
the mirror.

Press the tab under the mirrorto reduce glare from
headlamps behind you.

2-47

Convex Outside Mirror Storage Compartments
Your passenger’s side mirror is convex. A convex
mirror’s surface is curved so you can see more from the
Glove Box
driver’s seat. To open your glove box, squeeze the lever at the topof
the glove box and lower the door. Twocup depressions
are provided for your convenience, but the glove box
should not be open whiledriving.

Overhead Console (Option)
A convex mirror can make things (like other
vehicles) look farther away than they really are.
If you cut too sharply into the right lane, you
could hita vehicle on your right. Check your
inside mirror or glanceover your shoulder
before changing lanes.

2-48

Reading Lamps Installing a Garage Door Opener
Press the button near each If you have a garage door opener, the front overhead
lamp to turn the reading compartment can be used to conveniently store the opener.
lamps on and off. To install the garage door opener, first open the
compartment door by pressing the latch forward.
Peel the protective
backing from the hook
and loop patch.

I
The lamps can also be swiveled to point in the
desired direction.

Press it firmly to the back of your garage door opener, as
close to the center of the opener as possible.
Center the garage door opener activation button over
the console door button and pressthe opener firmly
into place.

2-49

F The pegs inside the Now, with the compartment
compartment door are used door closed, press the
to make sure the button on button again to make sure
the compartment door will the garage dooropener
contact the control button operates properly.
on the garage door opener.
.....

Add one peg at a time untilthe garage door opener With the garage door opener positioned properly and the
operates with the compartment door closed when you right number of pegs in place,you should only have to
press the button. press the button slightly to operate the opener. Adjust the
position of the garage door opener and add or remove
pegs, as needed, until the opener operates properly.

2-50

and that appropriate precautions should be taken. However. displayed at the front of the overhead console. If it does. when your vehicle is new. control switches are located to the left of the display. .Temperature and Compass Display Turn the display on or off by pressing the ON/OFF switch. If the outsidl. The and the compass will function normally. To correct the The outside air temperature and the compass are problem. The compass is self-calibrating. CAL (Calibration) will appear on the display. the compass may function erratically. Display the temperature in either degrees Fahrenheit (English) or Celsius (metric) by pressing the USMET switch. the temperature indicated will be the lastoutside temperature recorded with the ignition on. Before you turn on the ignition and move the vehicle. drive in a complete 360" circle three times. so it does not need to be manually set. ICE will appear on the display.-3mperarure is37°F (3°C) or lower when you turn on me ignition. This is a warning to the driver that roadconditions may be icy.

3. Find your location on the zone map. In some areas. 4. Press ON/OFF to enter your zone number. 2-52 . the difference between the two can be great enoughto cause false compass readings. release both buttons. VAR CAL will appear on the display. Press and hold both the ON/OFF and the US/MET switches. 5. 2. Press US/MET until your zone number appears on the display. follow these instructions to set the variance for your particular location: 1. If this happens. The display will go off. Your variance is now set. Variance is the difference between magnetic north and geographic north. After five seconds. Note your zone number. When it does.

Four-door models have storage pockets and cupholders on rear doors.SunglassesCompartment Storage Storage Front Area The console has a sunglasses storage compartment. 2-53 . may store compact discs inside the console. If your vehicle has thisconsole compartment. yo~l front doors. You Door Storage can store cassettes in the slots in the front of the You will find a storage compartment on each of the compartment. If you have a compact disc player. squeeze the front lever while lifting the top to open it.

Convenience Net (Option) L If your vehicle has thecenter armrest compartment. 2-54 . to help keep small items. hold small items. The convenience net is anchored to the endgate door.. The net is notfor larger. Attach the upper loopsto the retainers oneither side of the endgate opening (the label should be in the upper passenger side corner.like gloves and light clothing A storage compartment under your radio may be used to in place during sharp turns or quick stops and starts. visiblefrom the rearof vehicle). The net is not designed to retain these items during off-road use. lift the cover to expose the storage area which includes slots You may have a convenience net in the of your rear vehicle for cassettes and a coinholder. Attach the lower hooks to the rear cargo tie-downs on the floor. heavier items.

always store it outside of the vehicle. When you putit back. I A CAUTION: An improperly s t o J cargo cover could be thrown about the vehicleduring a collision or sudden maneuver. There are four cargo tie downs in the rear that allow you to strap cargo in and keep it from moving inside the vehicle.Roll-Up Cargo Cover (Option) Cargo Tie Downs If you have the optional cargo cover. Grasp the handle and unroll the cover. . If you remove the cover. you can use it to cover items in the cargo area of your vehicle. always be sure that it is securely reattached. Latchthe posts into the sockets on the inside trim panel on the passenger’s side of the vehicle to secure it.You or others could be injured.

and this could cause you or other drivers to have a collision. this But. Remove the center rubber strips in the crossrails and The luggage carrier has slats. This can causeyou to lose control. downs.side rails and crossrails attach the GM accessory rack to the nut plates provided attached to the roof to secure cargo. These are available through your GM dealer. plywood. a mattress.L --<gageCTrrier (^ption) Use GM accessory racks that are compatible with your luggage carrier for transporting sports equipment. . If you try to carry something on top of your vehicle that is longer or wider than theluggage -- carrier like paneling. The tap plates can be movedto accommodate various positioning by sliding them inside the crossrailto the desired locations before mounting the accessory rack. attached to the side rails. What you are carrying could be violently torn off. and of course damage yourvehicle. You may be able to carry something like inside. Themoveable tie through the center slots (four percrossrail). should be usedto secure loads to the luggage carrier. never carry something longer or wider than your luggage carrier on top of your vehicle. and -- so forth the wind can catch it as you drive along.

Tie the load to the moveable Don’t exceed the maximum vehicle capacity when loading tie downs provided in the side rails. If you need to carry long items. Just loosen the slider knobs at each end of the NOTICE: crossrail and move them where you want them. heavy loads on the roof is not vehicle. slats and does not scratch or damage thevehicle. move the crossrails as far apart as possible. Tie the load to the moveable tie down (two per each Put the cargo against the side rails and fasten it 0 side of the side rails). Load your cargoso that it rests on the recommended. never let these guidelines: them hang over the rear or the sidesof your 0 Carrying small. I weight as far forward as you can. Put the main the load from sliding. check now and then to make sure the luggage carrier and cargo are still securely fastened. Use the crossrails only to keep . To prevent damage or loss of cargo as you’re driving. When you carry large things. 2-57 . Follow vehicle. For more information on vehicle capacity to the bumpers. (91 kg) on the luggage carrier may damage your Be sure the cargo is properly loaded. Also tie the load your vehicle.Make sure both sides of the crossrail are even. crossrails or side rails are damaged. securely to the luggage carrier. Do not tie the load so tightly that the and loading.You can adjust the crossrails to handle different size loads. see “LoadingYour Vehicle’’ in the Index. slider knobs. then tighten the Loading cargo thatweighs more than200 lbs.

Press PUSH to turn the ashtray aroundfor use. pressit in all the way. NOTICE: When it’s ready. it won’t be able to To nove the front ashtray. ready. then remove the tray.If you do.If you do. 2-58 . and let go. That can make it overload. Don’t hold a cigarette lighter in with your hand while it is heating. You can also swing the bottom visorfrom side to side. Don’t put papers and other things that burn into your ashtray.Ashtrays and Cigarette Lighter To use the lighter. lift the release tab as high back away from the heating element when it’s as possible. it will pop back by itself. damaging the Four-door vehicles have smallerashtrays inside the rear lighter and the heating element. cigarettes or other NOTICE: smoking materialscould set them on fire causing damage. such as maps. you can swing down the top and smoking material can bedeposited. bottom visors. The front ashtray mustbe completely pulled out to the Sun Visors open position before theashtray cover opens and To block out glare. Your visors may have an extension that can be pulled outfor additional glare protection and a strap for holding small items. doors.

maximum electrical load must not exceed25 amps. These circuits are protected by a fuse and have maximum current levels. Always turn off any electrical equipment when not in use.Mirror Accessory Power Outlet (Option) Pull the sun visor down and lift the cover to expose the If you have accessory power outlets. Just pull Illuminated Visor Vanity Mirror (Option) down from the top of the door andfollow the proper installation instructions that are included with any electrical equipment you install. 1 NOTICE: When using the accessory power outlets. Leaving electrical equipment on for extended periods will drain your battery. Pull the sun visor down and lift the mirror cover to turn on the lamps. The accessory power outlets are located below the cigarette lighter. auxiliary electrical equipment.Visor Vanity . youcan plug in vanity mirror. 2-59 .

Instrument Panel 2-60 .

Rear Window Defogger (Option) 8. Ashtray 14. Brake Release 6. Rear Window Washermiper 7.1. Storage Compartment 2-61 . Fog Lamps (Option) 3. Instrument Cluster 10. Audio System 2. Comfort Controls 12. Electronic Transfer Case (Option) 1 1. Glove Box 13. Lamp Controls 4. Cigarette Lighterpower Auxiliary Outlets (Option) 15.AirVents 9. Rear Endgate Release 5.

and many other things you’ll needto know to drive safely and economically. SERVICE ENGINE SOON Q SHIFT UNLEADED FUEL ONLY MPH P R N B D 2 1 I 0 0 0 0 0 0 Standard Cluster 2-62 . You’ll know how fast you’re going.Instrument Panel Cluster Your instrument cluster is designed to letyou know at a glance how your vehicle is running. about how much fuel you’ve used.

I SERVICE ENGINE CHECK L ANTI -LOCK SOON UNLEADED FUEL ONLY 0 MPH RPM Optional Cluster 2-63 .

For example. shift to a higher gear as soon as the driver’s doorto show the old mileage reading when possible. NOTICE: Tachometer (Option) Do not operate the engine with the tachometer in The tachometer displays the engine speed in revolutions the red range. in either miles (used in the UnitedStates) or normal driving conditions. your foot off of the accelerator pedal. Trip Odometer The red danger range tells you that your engine speed is at its upper limits. then it must be. press the button near the readout.000 revolutions per minute (rpm). If you have a it can’t. it means the engine is running at Your odometer is tamper resistant. needle will vary allthe time that the engine is running. The tachometer has three Your speedometer lets you see your speed in both miles areas: normal operating range. anda label must be puton manual transmission. 2-64 . been driven since you last set the trip odometer to zero. per minute (rpm). then it’s set at zero.You should immediately shift to a The trip odometer can tell you how far your vehicle has higher gear. when the kilometers (used inCanada). lift the new odometer was installed. But if the tachometer in the red warning range. If the new one can be set to the is reaching its upper limits. Your odometer shows how far your vehicle has been Normal operating range shows your engine speed during driven.The tachometer between the numbers if someone triesto turn it back. or lift your foot off of the accelerator pedal. You may wonder whathappens if your vehicle needs a The red warning range tells you that your engine speed new odometer installed. L To set the trip odometer to zero. red warning rangeand per hour (mph) and kilometers perhour (km/h). It will show silver lines 2. or engine damage will occur. red danger range. If you have an automatic transmission. needle points to 2. Don’tdrive very long with mileage total of the old odometer.Speedometer ar Odometer Each tachometer hasa different limit depending on the powertrain in your vehicle.

a tone will others from injury. may be on your vehicle. As you will see in the details on the next few pages. some The safety belt light will warning lights come on briefly when you start the also come on and stay on engine justto let you know they’re working. problem with one of your vehicle’s functions. unless the driver’s safety beltis Warning lights come on when there may be or is a already buckled. If you are for about 20 seconds. They’re a big help. Warning lights and gages can signal that something is wrong before it becomes serious enough to cause an Safety Belt ReminderLight expensive repair or replacement. familiar with this section. If the driver’s Gages can indicate when there may be or is a problem belt is already buckled. 2-65 . Often gages and neither the tone nor the warning lights work together to let you know when light will come on.and even locate them. or when one of the gages shows and Indicators there may be a problem. you should not be alarmed then it will flash for about when this happens. Gages When one of the warning lights comes on and stays on when you are driving. Please follow this manual’s advice. 55 seconds.Warning Lights. The pictures will help you Waiting to do repairs can be costly -. there’s a problem with your vehicle. with one of your vehicle’s functions. check the section that tells you This part describes the warning lights and gages that what to do about it. come on for about eight seconds to remind people to fasten their safety belts. So please get to know your warning lights and gages. dangerous. Paying attention to your warning lights and gages could also save you or When the key is turned to RUN or START.

running. see “Air Bag” in the Index. The system checks the will come on briefly when air bag’s electrical system for malfunctions. start your vehicle. You will see this light flash for a few seconds when you turn your ignitionto RUN or START. the air bag module. This means on. The system but the engine is not check includes the air bag sensors. problem with the charging system. Then the light It should go out once the engine is running. your air bag system may not work properly. as a check to the wiring and thediagnostic module. tells you if there isan electrical problem. For more show you it is working. which shows AIR BAG. information on the air bag system. you may havea the system is ready. It could indicate that BAG you have problems with a generator drive belt. Driving while this light is on could drain your battery. The light you turn on the ignition. Have it checked right away. or comes on when you are driving.Air Bag Readiness Light Charging System Indicator Light There is an air bag readiness light on the instrument The charging system light panel. or another electrical problem. such as the radio If the air bag readiness light doesn’t come on when you and air conditioner. 2-66 . If it stays AIR should go out. Have your vehicle serviced right away.or stays on. be certain to turn off all your accessories. or comes on while you are driving. If you must drive a short distance with the lighton.

Brake System Warning Light Your vehicle’s hydraulic brake system is dividedinto two parts. This light should come on briefly when you turn the Readings in the low warning zone may occur when a. low and high warning zones indicate the normal operating range. theother part can still work and stop you. the gage shows the If the warning light comes on. This condition is normal since the warn you if there’s a charging system is not able to provide full power at problem. turn off all I When your engine is not running. Readings in either warning zone indicate a possible problem in the electrical system. For good braking. If one part isn’t working. have the vehicle and the engine is left at an idle for an it fixed so it will be ready to extended period. there could be a brake condition of the charging system. Have the vehicle this gage shows your serviced as soon as possible. When the engine is running. though. ignition key to RUN. Readings between the problem. If you must drive. Have your brake system inspected right away. engine idle. 2-67 . this condition should correct itself as higher engine speeds allow the charging system to create maximum power. unnecessary accessories. but the ignition is on (in the RUN position). As engine speeds are increased. you need both parts working well.Voltmeter Gage You can only drive for a short time with the reading in either warning zone. If it large number of electrical accessories are operating in doesn’t come on then. battery’s state of charge in DC volts.

will also come on when you set your parking brake. light doesn’t come on then.If the regular brake system pulled off the road and stopped carefully. ’A I CAUTIOI- That’s normal. (See “Towing Your Vehicle” . If the light is stillon. Your brake system may not be working properly if the brake system warning light is on. If it stays on after your parking brake isfully on briefly when you turn the ignition keyto RUN. With the anti-lock brake It may take longerto stop. or comes on when you’re driving. this light will vehicle towed for service. have warning light isn’t on. to an accident. Driving with the brake system warning light on can lead If the light stays on. pull off the Anti-Lock Brake SystemWarning Light road and stop carefully. You may notice that the pedal is harder to push. the brake system warning light “Brake System Warning Light” earlier in this part. 2-68 . it means you have a brake problem. but you the vehicle towed for service.LOCK your engine and may stay on for several seconds. have it fixed so it will be ready to warn you if there is a problem. you still have brakes.See When the ignition is on. the pedalmay go closer to the floor. Or. If the released. If the lightis still on after you’ve your vehicle needs service. you don’t have anti-lock brakes and there’s a problem with your regular brakes.If the regular brake system warning light is also on.The light will stayon if your parking brake doesn’t release The anti-lock brake system warning light shouldcome fully.If the light comes on while you are driving. have the system.) ANTI . don’t have anti-lock brakes. come on when you start in the Index.

your monitors operation of the engine is too hot! fuel. OBD I1 is replaced by Enhanced Diagnostics. assure that emissions are at acceptable levels for In “Problems on the Road. This system is also designed to assist your service technician in correctly diagnosing any malfunction. you should pull off the road. stop your Diagnostics-Second Generation) and is intended to vehicle and turn off the engine assoon as possible. If you have been operating your vehicle under normaldriving This system is called OBD I1 (On-Board conditions. (In Canada. environment. ignition and emission SERVICE control systems. ENGINE SOON It means that yourengine coolant has overheated. Malfunctions often will be indicated by the system before any problem is apparent.” this manual shows you what the life of the vehicle. helping to produce a cleaner to do.Engine Coolant Temperature Gage Malfunction Indicator Lamp (Service Engine Soon Light) This gage shows the engine coolant temperature. See “Engine Overheating” in the Index. 2-69 . Your vehicle is equipped If the gage pointer moves with a computer which into the red area. which may prevent more serious damage to your vehicle.) The SERVICE ENGINE SOON light comes on to indicate that there is a problem and service is required.

Turn the of two ways: key off. on.see “If the Light Is On 0 Light Flashing -. when the ignition ison and the engine is not running. This light will also come on during a malfunction in one stop the vehicle. have it repaired. good and your engine may not run as smoothly. If the light continues to flash. 0 Avoid steep uphill grades. and drive the vehicle to your dealer or may damage the emission control system on your qualified service center for service. Avoid hardaccelerations. when it is safe to do so. working. your fuel economy may not as be. after a while. see “If This light should come on. 0 Light On Steady -. A misfire increases vehicle emissions and previous steps. vehicle.An emission control system malfunction has been detectedon your vehicle. Dealer or qualified service center diagnosis and service may be required. hauled as soon as it is possible. 2-70 . your emission controls may not work as well. If the light doesn’t come on. This could lead to costly repairs that may not be 0 If towing a trailer. Dealer or qualified service center diagnosis and service is required. If the light is still flashing follow the detected. reduce the amount of cargo being covered by your warranty. wait at least10 seconds and restart the engine. If the Light Is Flashing NOTICE: The following may prevent more serious damage to your vehicle: If you keep driving your vehicle with this light Reducevehiclespeed. If the light remains on steady. Put your vehicle in PARK (P). as a check to show youit is the Light Is On Steady” following.A misfire condition has been Steady” following. If the light stops flashing and remainson steady.

If the Light Is On Steady Have you recently changed brands of fuel?
You may be able to correct the emission system If so, be sure to fuel your vehicle with quality fuel (see
malfunction by considering the following: “Fuel” in the Index). Poor fuel quality will cause your
engine not to run as efficiently as designed. You may
Did you just put fuel into your vehicle?
notice this as stalling after start-up, stalling when you
If so, reinstall the fuel cap, making sure to fully install put the vehicle into gear, misfiring, hesitation on
the cap. The diagnostic system can determine if the fuel acceleration or stumbling on acceleration. (These
cap has been left off or improperly installed. This will conditions may go away once the engine is warmed up.)
allow fuel to evaporate into the atmosphere. A few This will be detected by the system and cause the light
driving trips should turn the light off. to turn on.
Did you just drive through a deep puddle of water? If you experience this condition, change the fuel brand
If so, your electrical system may be wet.The condition you use. It will require at leastone full tank of the
will usually be corrected when the electrical system proper fuel to turn the light off.
dries out. A few driving trips should turn the light off. If none of theabove steps have made the light turn off,
Are you low on fuel? have your dealer or qualified service center check the
vehicle. Your dealer has the proper testequipment and
As your engine starts to run out of fuel, your engine may diagnostic tools to fix any mechanical or electrical
not run as efficiently as designed since small amounts of problems that may havedeveloped.
air are sucked into the fuel line causing a misfire. The
system can detect this. Adding fuel should correct this
condition. Make sure to install the fuel cap properly. It
will take a few driving trips to turn the light off.

2-71

Engine Oil Pressure Gage
The oil pressure gage shows CAUTION:
the engine oil pressure in
psi (pounds per square inch) Don't keep drivingif the oil pressure is low. If
when the engine is running. you do, your engine can become so hot that it
catches fire.You or others could be burned.

OIL 0- Check youroil as soon as possible and have your
vehicle serviced.

Canadian vehicles indicate pressure in kPa (kilopascals). NOTICE:
Oil pressure may vary withengine speed, outside Damage to your engine from neglected oil
temperature and oil viscosity, but readings above the problems can becostly and is not covered by
low pressure zone indicate the normal operating range.
your warranty.
A reading in the low pressure zone may be causedby a
dangerously low oil level or other problems causing low
oil pressure.

2-72

Shift Light Daytime Running Lamps Indicator Light
You have the shift light if You have this light on the
you have a manual instrument panel.
transmission. This light It goes on whenever the
comes on very briefly as a DRL are on, the ignition
bulb check when you start is on, the headlamp switch
the engine. Shifting when is off and the parking brake
the indicator light is on will
SHIFT help you get the best fuel
is released.
economy. See “Shift Light”
in the Index.

2-73

Check Gages Light Fuel Gage
The CHECK GAGES light When the ignition is on,
will come on briefly when the fuel gage tells you
you are starting the engine.

CHECK
e'
E
about how much fuel you
have remaining,

GAGES
B9

If the light comes on and stays on while you are driving, Here are four things that some owners ask about. None
check your coolant temperature and engine oil pressure of these show a problem withyour fuel gage:
gages to see if they are in the warning zones.
At the gas station, the gas pump shuts off before the
gage reads FULL (F).
It takes a little more or less fuel to fill up than the gage
indicated. For example, the gage may have indicated
the tank was halffull, but it actually took a little more
or less than half the tank's capacity to fill the tank.
The gage moves a little when you turn a corner or
speed up.
0 The gage doesn't go back to EMPTY (E) when you
turn off the ignition,

2-74

NOTES

2-75

NOTES

2-76

Section 3 Comfort Controls and Audio Systems

In this section you'll find out how to operate the comfort Fan Control
control and audio systems offered with your vehicle. Be The switch with the fan symbol changes the fan speed.
sure to read about the particular systems supplied with To increase the fan speed, move the switch upward
your vehicle. toward HI. To decrease the fan speed, move the switch
Comfort Controls downward toward LO.
With this system you can control the heating, cooling
Temperature Knob
and ventilation in your vehicle.
The upper knob regulatesthe temperature of the air
Climate Control System coming through the system. Turn the knob clockwise for
warmer air. Turn the knob counterclockwise for cooler air.

83 Mode Knob
HI
The lower knob allows you to choose the direction of
aI air delivery.
OFF: This setting turns the system off. Some outside air
will still enter the vehicle whenever the vehicle is
to moving forward.

L

3-1

panel outlets. For quick cool-down on very hot days. BLEND: Airflow is divided equally between the When the air conditioner ison.. outlets. use BI-LEVEL A/C to deliver + 0 HEATER: This ' setting directs warmed air through warm air to the floor and coolerair to the instrument the heater floor outlets and windshield defrosteroutlets. This is normal because the system is designed to cycle the 'sw DEFROST This setting directs most air through compressor on and off to keep the desired temperature. Then keep your windows closed '+ I. open the windows long enoughto let hot inside air escape. compressor is not working when VENT is selected. This reduces the timeit takes for your A/C: This setting cools the air entering your vehicle and vehicle to cool down. use MAX A/C heater floor outlets as well as the instrument panel with the temperature knob turned counterclockwise. heater floor outlet and the windshield defroster outlets. w0 + . use A/C with the temperature knob turned instrument panel outlets. BI-LEVEL A/C: Air is delivered through the for the air conditioner to work its best. directs it through the instrument panel outlets. . On hot days.MAX A/C: This setting provides maximum cooling Air Conditioning with the least amount of work. MAX A/C recirculates much of the air inside your vehicle so it cools quickly. +. /J VENT: This setting directs airflow through the This setting should be usedto keep odors and/or dust from entering the vehicle. For normal cooling onhot days. On cool but sunny days. the windshield defroster outlets and some through the heater outlets. The airconditioning counterclockwise. you may sometimes notice slight changes in your vehicle's engine speed and power.

I Ventilation System For mild outside temperatures when little heating or cooling is needed. You can move the outlets to direct the flow of air. If you use the optional engine coolant heater before starting your engine. panel outlets. BLEND is useful in cool weather when you have fog or iceon the windshield or side windows. When you close an outlet. On cold days. through by selecting any mode and any fan speed. See “Engine CoolantHeater” in the Index. you can get outside air to flow that are open. or Your vehicle’s ventilation system supplies outsideair to close the outlets altogether. your heating system will produce warmer air faster to heat the passengercompartment in cold weather. use HEATER with the temperature knob turned clockwise. When the will increase the flow of air coming out of any outlets vehicle is not moving.Heating The heater works best if you keep your windows closed while using it. use VENT to direct outside air You will find air outlets in the center and on the sides of through your vehicle. it the inside of your vehicle when it is moving. 3-3 . Airflow is through the instrument your instrument panel.

use BLEND to keep the If your vehicle has thisoption. the rear window will windshield and side windows clear. This helps air to circulate throughout your vehicle. find the switch move the fan control toward HI. clear the Use DEFROST to remove fog orice from the window of as much snow or ice as possible before using windshield quickly in extremely humid or cold the rear window defogger. Turn the temperature knob clockwise and To turn on the rear window defogger. and reduces thechance of fogging the inside of your windows. The heater 1 and defroster will workfar better. humid days.Ventilation Tips Rear Window Defogger (Option) a Keep the hood andfront air inlet free of ice. For best results. reducing the chance of fogging the inside of your windows. conditions. snow or any other obstruction (such as leaves). This helps clear the intake ducts of snow and moisture. 3-4 . marked REAR DEFOG on your instrument panel below the headlamp switch. 0 When you enter a vehicle in cold weather. 0 Keep the air path under the front seats clear of objects. have lines that warm the glass. Press ONuntil the light in the switch conles on. turn the blower fan toHI for a few moments before driving off. It will only work if the ignition switch is turned to RUN. then release it. Defogging and Defrosting On cool.

to be sure you’re getting the most outof the adyanced engineering that went into it.The rear window defogger will stay on for five to seven Audio Systems minutes. tape or decals with it first. You will get the most enjoyment out of it if you acquaint yourself Do not attach a temporary vehicle license. You can turn the defogger off at Your D e b @audio system has been designed to operate any time by pressing OFF. Press and hold SCAN until the correct hour appears on the display. then turn off. and how to operate all its controls. (The radio may be on or off. easily and give years of listening pleasure. hold SCAN until the correct hour appears on the display. you Press SET. Find out what your Delco system can do across the defogger grid on the rear window. 3-5 . NOTICE: Setting the Clock for All Systems Except Don’t use a razor blade or something else sharp AM-FM Stereo with Compact Disc Player on the insideof the rear window. turn it on again.If you do. press and hold SEEK could cut or damage the warming grid. If you need additional warming time.) Within five seconds. press the SEEK right or left arrow until the correct minute appears on the display. Setting the Clock for AM-FM Stereo with Compact Disc Player Press SET. Press and repairs wouldn’t be coveredby your warranty. Within five seconds. and the until the correct minute appears on the display.

Whenever you press that numbered button. and off and controls the volume. (SET will appear on the display. PUSHBUTTONS: The four numbered pushbuttons let you return to your fmorite stations. the station you set will return. 3-6 . then go to the next station. Press SCAN again to stop scanning. PWR-VOL-RECALL: This knob turns the system on I . Press the knobto 2. Press one of the four pushbuttons. within five seconds. SEEK: Press this button togo to the next higher station and stop. 4. 3. Press it to switch between AM and FM. stop for a few seconds. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton. The radio will go to the next station. Press SET. Tune in the desired station.AM-FM Stereo Finding a Station TUNE-AM-FM: Turn this knob to tune in radio stations. to store the station. SCAN: Press this button to listen to each station for a few seconds. You can set up to Playing the Radio 14 stations (seven AM and seven FM).) display the time with the ignition off and to switch between the clock and radio when the radiois on. SCAN will appear on the display.

) 3. You Playing the Radio can reduce noise for weak or noisy stations by sliding PWR-VOL-PROG-RCL: This knob turns the system this lever down. Press SET. (SET will appear on the display.to switch between Adjusting the Speakers the clock and radio when the radiois on. Repeat these steps for each pair of buttons. and to go from BAL: This control ring behind the PWR-VOL-RECALL one side of the tape to the other when a tape is playing. 2.In addition to the four stations set as above. Press two adjoining pushbuttons at the same time. within five seconds. Tune in the desired station. 4. Setting the Tone BASS: Slide this lever up to increase the bass. the station you set will return. 3-7 . knob adjusts the balance between the left and right speakers. Just: 1. TREBLE: Slide this lever up to increase the treble. FADE: This control ring behindthe TUNE-AM-FM knob adjusts the balance between the front and rear speakers. on and off and controls the volume. Press the knob to display the time with the ignition off. Whenever you press the same two buttons. up to three AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape additional stations may be preset on each band by Player (Option) pressing two adjoining buttons at the same time. Adjust the lever until the sound is pleasing to your ear.

a few seconds. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton. The radio will go to the next station. Finding a Station In addition to the four stations set as above. the stationyou set will return. Repeat these steps for each pair of buttons. Tune in the desired station. 2. 3-8 . 1. TREBLE: Slide this lever up to increase the treble. Adjust . Press it to switch between AM andFM. to store the station. to stop scanning. two buttons.) SCAN: Press this button to listen to each station for 3. Tune in the desired station. Whenever you press Adjusting the Speakers that numbered button. 3. You 2. Press one of the four pushbuttons. up to three additional stations may be preset on each band by TUNE-AM-FM: Turn this knob to tune in radio pressing two adjoining buttons at the same time. the station you set will return. Press SCAN again 4. within five seconds. SCAN will appear on the display. knob adjusts the balance between the left and right speakers. within five seconds. SEEK: Press this button togo to the next higher station 1. (SET will appear on the display. the lever until the sound is pleasing to your ear. BAL: This control ring behind the PWR-VOL-PROG-RCL 4. b PUSHBUTTONS: The four numbered pushbuttons let Setting theTone you return to your favorite stations. Press two adjoining pushbuttons at the same time. and stop. Just: stations. Press SET. Whenever you press the same stop for a few seconds. You can set up to BASS: Slide this lever up to increase the bass.) can reduce noise for weak or noisy stations by sliding this lever down. 14 stations (seven AM and seven FM). Press SET. (SET will appear on the display. then go to the next station.

Once the tape is playing.FADE: This control ring behind theTUNE-AM-FM knob AM-FM Stereo with CassetteTape Player adjusts the balance between the front and rear speakers. Tapes longer than that are so thin they may not work well in this player. TUNE-AM-FM: Turn this knob to tune i n radio stations. with Equalizer (Option) Playing a Cassette Tape Your tape player is built to work best with tapes thatare 30 to 45 minutes long on each side. STOP-EJECT Press this button to remove the tape or Finding a Station stop playing the tape to play the radio. to switch between the clock and radio when the radio is on. A lighted arrow will be displayed to show tape play direction. Press theknob to to stop reversing and play the tape. Press STOP-EJECT lightly on and off and controls the volume. one side of the tape to the other. usethe PWR-VOL-PROG-RCL knob. and to go from PWR-VOL-PROG-RCL: Press this knob to go from one side of the tape to theother when a tape is playing. display the time with the ignition off. . REVERSE: Press the arrow button in the opposite Playing the Radio direction that the lighted arrow points to reverse quickly PWR-VOL-PROG-RCL: This knob turns the system to another part of the tape. Press STOP-EJECT lightly to stop forwarding and play the tape. just as you do for radio. FORWARD: Press the arrow button in the direction that the lighted arrow points toadvance quickly to another part of the tape. Press it to switch between AM and FM.

4. Whenever you press the same PUSHBUTTONS: The four numbered pushbuttons let two buttons. . (SET will appear on the display. Press SET. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton. 4. Press two adjoining pushbuttons at the same time.anAM station that broadcasts in stereo. Tune in the desired station. AM-ST Press this button to tune. Just: SCAN: Press this button to listen to each station for a few seconds. when you’re receiving AM stereo. seconds. Press one of the four pushbuttons. If you press AM-ST 3. Press SCAN again to stop scanning. You can set up to 14 stations (seven AM and seven FM).) SCAN will appear on the display. The radio will go to the next station.SEEK: Press this button togo to the next higher station In addition to the four stations set as above. I . three additional stations may be preset on each bandby pressing two adjoining buttons at the same time. the station you set will return. Your STEREO light will come on 2. the station you set will return. Tune in the desired station. 2. 3. within five seconds. to store the station. it means the station is weak. stop for a few seconds. Press SET. up to and stop. Whenever you press You’ll hear the station better if you do not use AM-ST. Repeat these steps for each pair of buttons. that numbered button. then go to the nextstation. Press the button again todelete stereo. within five and there is no more noise. I . you return to your favorite stations.

press the button in. STOP-EJECT Press this button to remove the tapeor Playing a Cassette Tape stop playing the tape to play the radio. just as you do for radio. knob. direction that the lighted arrow pointsto reverse quickly Then move the other levers up until you get the amount to another part of the tape. Inc. your STEREO light will come on when you are receiving stereo. CrO2: This button lets you set the system for the type of cassette being used. Your tape player is built to work best with tapes that are Your Delco system may be ableto receive C-QUAM@ 30 to 45 minutes long on each side. and 3. Many AM stations around the country that are so thin they may not work well in this player. Tapes longer than stereo broadcasts. between the left and right speakers. though some do not. Once the tape is playing. displayed to show tape play direction. REVERSE: Press the arrow button in the opposite We suggest you start with 1K in the midpoint position. use the PWR-VOL-PROG-RCL C-QUAM is a registered trademark of Motorola. I f you are using chrome or metal tapes. Press STOP-EJECT lightly of bass and treble you like.5K and IOK control the treble. Press BAL: This control ring behind the the opposite direction arrow that isnot lighted to replay PWR-VOL-PROG-RCL knob adjusts the balance the current selection or skip to the previous selection.Setting the Tone FORWARD: Press the arrow button in the direction that TONE ADJUSTMENT Set the bass. Adjusting the Speakers Press the lighted arrow to skip to the next selection. PWR-VOL-PROG-RCL: Press this knob to go from FADE: This control ring behind the TUNE-AM-FM knob one side of the tape to the other. use C-QUAM to produce stereo. 3-11 . A lighted arrow will be If your Delco system canget C-QUAM signals. 1K is midrange. The60 and 250 levers adjust the forwarding and play the tape. Press STOP-EJECT lightly to stop get the sound you want. bass. adjusts the balance between the front and rear speakers. SEARCH: Press this button to the recessed position. to stop reversing and play the tape. midrange and the lighted arrow points to advance quickly to another treble by using the levers in the upper middle left corner to part of the tape.

The radio will go to the next station. SCAN: Press this button to listen to each station for a few seconds. (SET appears on the display. BASS or TREB are adjusted.) MUTE: Press this buttonto stop all sound from the radio or 3. the stationyou set will return. Press it to switch between AM and FM. Volume is I . POWER-VOL: This knob turns the system on and off and controls the volume when the ignition is on. within five compact disc player. They are also used Playing the Radio when you play a compact disc. You can set up to 10 stations (five AM and five FM). 2. stop for a few seconds. Whenever you press RCL: Press this button to display the time with the that numbered button.AM-FM Stereo with Compact Disc Finding a Station Player (Option) TUNE-BAND: Turn this knob to tune in radio stations. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton. Tune in the desired station. displayed unless BAL. FADE. AM or FM will show briefly on the display. Press SET. 3-12 . Press one of the five pushbuttons. ignition off and to switch between the clock and radio 4. Press SCAN again to stop scanning and stay ata station. to store thestation. SEEK: Press the right arrowto go to the next higher station and the left arrow to go to the next lower station. when the radio is on. PUSHBUTTONS: The five numbered pushbuttons let you return to your favoritestations. then go to the next station. seconds. SC will appear on the display. PressMUTE again to resume sound.

as things get back to normal. COMP will appear on the display while using this control. The track number also appears when you change the volume or when a new track starts to play. FADE: This control ring behind the TUNE knob adjusts the balance between the front and rear speakers. The should play when the road gets smoother. Press the center You are driving on a very rough road. the disc should play. whenever this button is pressed. Press the 0 It is very humid.) Adjusting the Speakers Turn the POWER-VOL knob to turn the system on.) bass level will be displayed for about 10 seconds 0 The disc is upside down. Press the button again few seconds and the disc should play. TREB: Press the TREB up arrow to increase treble and the TREB down arrow to decrease treble. wait about an hour and center of the button for the factory-preset treble try again. (If so. adjusts the balance between theleft and right speakers. Insert a disc partway into the slot. order. Fade COMP (2): Press this button to make loud and soft levels will be briefly displayed. scratched or wet. (As soon 10 seconds whenever this button is pressed. been playing.) position. Playing a Compact Disc RDM (3): Press this button to play tracks in a random. 3-13 . (The disc of the button for the factory-preset bass position. passages more nearly equal in volume. 0 It is dirty.Setting the Tone If the disc comes back out and/or ERR appears on the display: BASS: Press the BASS up arrow to increase bass and the BASS down arrow to decrease bass. Press it again within five seconds to see how long it has Balance will be displayed briefly when using this control. label side up. The treble level will be displayed for about 0 The disc player is too hot to play the disc. BAL: This control ring behind the POWER-VOL knob RCL: Press this button to see what track is playing. The rather than sequential. Wait a display while using this control. to return to normal sequence. RDM will appear on the radio will pull the disc the rest of the way in.

The disc will go to the next selection.If used. Press it again to restart the disc at the point where it stopped. the disc will advance further. you NEXT Press the forward arrow to hear thenext track must unlock the systemwith your secret code before the now instead of waitinguntil the current track is finished. radio. The instructions below tell you how to enter a secret PREV: Hold the backward arrow or press it more than code into the system. because it won’t turn on. It is recommended that you read once to return the discto previous tracks. If you hold this button or press it more than once. Release it to play the passage. radio will turn on.It can be used or ignored. NOTE: If you allow more than 15 seconds to elapse between any steps. 3-14 .REV (4): Press and hold this buttonto return to a Press the POWER-VOL knob or turn the ignition key passage quickly. EJCT Press this button to eject the disc and play the FWD (5): Press and hold this button to advance to a radio. stop scanning. your player won’t be Press RDM. SCAN or any other motion button again to usable if it is ever stolen. compact disc player. the radio automatically reverts to ST-PL: Press this button tostop the disc and play the time and you must start the procedure over atStep 4. The discstays in the player counter reading will appear on the display while using and will resume playing at the point where it stopped. The off to stop the disc player. the system plays normally. through all 11 steps before starting the procedure. If ignored. this control. Watch the display to stop ata specific passage. stop for a few seconds. then go to the next selection. The disc will start at track onewhen you reinsert it. Theft-Deterrent Feature SCAN: Press this button to listen to each selection for Delco LOC II@ is a theft-deterrent feature for the about six seconds. Release it to resume playing. If your vehicle loses battery powerfor any reason. passage quickly.

If the display shows SEC. the numbers 9. RUN position. Repeat Steps 6 and 7 for the last three digits of entered did not match your secret code and the unit your code.shows on the display. 2. Repeat Steps 6 through 10. 3-15 . time will be displayed indicating that the system is disabled. Press BAND and the display will showREP forabout When battery power is givento a secured radio. 7. Now you are ready to enter the last three 6. 3. 10. Press SCAN to make the first digit appear. again. 5. radio won't turn on and LOC will appear on the display. your code.Locking the Theft System Unlocking the TheftSystem After a Power Loss 1. 15 seconds between steps: 2. Now you are ready to enter the last three matches the secret code you have written down. The digits of your code. Press SCAN to make the first digit appear. secret code number which you have written down. Press SEEK right arrow or SEEK left arrow to make until --. Press SET and 000 will appear on the display. Press BAND and 000 will appear on the display 5 . 8. Repeat Steps 3 and 4 for the last three digits of make the next two digits agree with your code. Press SEEK right arrow or SEEK left arrow to 6. Turn the ignition on with the radio off. Press SET and 000 will appear on the display. Next you will use the the next two digits agree with your code. Write down any six-digit number and keep it in a Enter your secret code as follows: pause no more than safe place separate from the vehicle. 3. Press BAND and 000 will appear on the display '7. 4. is still secured. Turn the ignition to the ACCESSORY or 1. digits of your code. the five seconds and then 000 will appear on the display. Hold them down 4. -. Press POWER to turn the radio off. Press BAND after you have confirmed that the code again.I 1. This time the display will show SEC to let you know that yourradio is secure. Press the 1 and 4 buttons together.

the sound to come and go. Press SCAN to make the first digit appear. up noise from things likestorms and power lines. The disabling sequence was correct if --_shows on the display. AM 4. 7.Disabling the TheftSystem Understanding Radio Reception 1. can cause stations to interfere with each other. The disabling sequence was incorrect if SEC shows on the display. causing 2. 3-16 . will reach only about 10 to 40 miles (16 to 65 km). especially at night.AM can pick 5. 3. will show the numbers you entered. Press BAND. The display The range for most AM stations is greater than forFM. Tall buildings or hills can interfere withFM signals. however. SEC will appear on the display to show that the unit is in the FM stereo will give you the best sound. Press SET and 000 will appear on the display. will show the numbers you entered. But FM signals secure mode. Press BAND and 000 will appear on the display. The longer range. Try 6. The display reducing the treble to reduce this noise if you ever get it. Press SEEK right arrow or SEEK left arrow to make the next two digits agree with your code. Enter the second three digits of the code. Press the 1 and 4 buttons together for five seconds FM Stereo with the ignition on but the radio off.

interfere with the operationof sound equipment that has been added improperly. before adding sound equipment. and even Increase volume slowly until you hear comfortably damage them. Added soundequipment may interfere with the operationof your vehicle’s Adjust the volume control to the lowest setting. Your hearing can adapt to higher volumes of sound. Delco radio or othersystems. check with your dealer and be sure to check Federal rules covering mobile radio and telephoneunits. If you can. CB radio. Take precautions by -- vehicle like a tape player. Sound that seems normal can be loud Before you add any sound equipment to your and harmful to your hearing.Tips About Your Audio System Hearing damage from loud noise is almost undetectable NOTICE: until it is too late. So. . what you want. engine. Your vehicle’s systems may and clearly. mobile adjusting the volume control on your radio to a safe -- telephone or two-way radio be sure you can add sound level before your hearing adapts to it. it’s very important to To help avoid hearing loss or damage: do itproperly.

clean the tape player. edge of the hole andthe outer edge. wiping from thecenter to the edge. direct sunlight and Care of Your Compact Discs extreme heat. cleaner which usesa cassette with a fabric belt to clean Check every once in a while to be sure the mastis still the tape head. If the available through your GM dealer. It Fixed Mast Antenna is normal for the cassette to eject while cleaning. Insert The fixed mast antennacan withstand most car washes the cassette at le. If the mast should ever become cleaning. they may notoperate properly or may cause failure of the tape player. If this improvement in sound quality. Pick up discs by grasping the outer edges or the Cleaning may be done with a scrubbing action. as it might be by vandals. you should You may also choose a non-scrubbing action. neutral detergent solution and quality. wet-type replace it.Care of Your Cassette Tape Player Cassettes are subject to wear and the sound quality may degrade over time. If you notice a reduction in sound clean. A scrubbing action cleaning cassette is slightly bent. you can straighten it outby hand. mechanism.This type of cleaning cassette will not tightened to the fender. other cassette has no the tape player is at fault. Handle discs carefully. soft cloth in a mild.ast threetimes to ensure thorough without being damaged. ruined cassettes or a damaged player serviced. Be sure never to touch the signal surface when handling discs. dampen a 50 hours of use. non-abrasive cleaning cassette with pads which scrub the tape headas the hubs of thecleaner cassette turn. mast is badly bent. Always makesure that the cassette A tape player that is not cleaned regularly cancause tape is in good condition beforeyou have your tape reduced sound quality. eject. try a known good cassette to see if the tape or clean it. If they aren’t. Cassette tapes should be stored in their cases away from contaminants. 3-18 . It may not cleanas thoroughly as the scrubbing type cleaner.Store them in their original cases or other protective cases and awayfrom direct sunlight Your tape player should be cleaned regularly after every and dust. If the surface ofa disc is soiled.

NOTES 3-19 .

NOTES 3-20 .

Anticipate what they might do. Allow enough kinds of roads and in varying weather conditions. rural roads or freeways. Section 4 Your Driving and the Road Defensive Driving The best advice anyone can give about driving is: Drive defensively.) Defensive driving really means “be ready for anything. maneuver.” Assume that pedestrians or other drivers are going to be careless and make mistakes. Rear-end collisions are about the most preventable of Here you’ll find information about driving on different accidents. it means “always expect the unexpected. It’s the best defensive driving also included many other useful tips on driving.” On city streets. Be readyfor their mistakes. We’ve following distance. Please start with a very important safety device in your vehicle: Buckle up. 4-1 . You never know when the vehicle infront of you is going to brake or turn suddenly. in both city and ruraldriving. (See “Safety Belts” in the Index. Yet they are common.

Although it depends on each person and situation. 4-2 . But Death and injury associated with drinking and driving what*if people do? How much is “too much” if the is a national tragedy. In most cases.06 percent. (82 kg) person who drinks three 12-ounce vehicle-related deaths have been associated with the use (355 ml) bottles of beer in an hour will end up with a of alcohol.choose never to drink alcohol. during drinking Police records show that almost half of all motor The length of time it has taken the drinker to vehicle-related deaths involve alcohol. claiming thousands of victims think. It’sthe number one contributor to driver plans to drive? It’s a lot less thanmany might the highway death toll. it’s (45 ml) of a liquor like whiskey. There are good medical. consume the alcohol. psychological and developmental reasons for these laws. In recent years. For persons under 2 1. so they of wine or three mixed drinks if each had 1-1/2 ounces never drive after drinking. every year. nearly half the adult same BAC by drinking three 4-ounce (120 ml) glasses population -. these deaths are the result of someone who was drinking According to the American Medical Association.000 annual motor 180-lb. some 18. The person would reachthe Many adults -. against the law in every U. state to drink alcohol.by some estimates.S.Drunken Driving The obvious way to solve this highway safety problem is for people never to drink alcohol and then drive. gin or vodka. with more than 300. a and driving. here is some general information on the problem.000 people injured. Alcohol affects four things that anyone needs to drive The Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) of someone a vehicle: who is drinking depends upon four things: Judgment 0 The amount of alcohol consumed Muscular Coordination 0 The drinker’s body weight 0 Vision The amount of food that is consumed before and 0 Attentiveness. BAC of about 0.

or 90 ml of liquor each) within an hour.10 percent. Since alcohol is carried in body water. states sets the legal limit at a BAC of 0. too.04 percent. as we’ve seen.10 percent. level of 0.S. thechance There is a gender difference. For example. and throughout Canada. and how quickly the person drinks them.12 percent.this means that a woman generally will reach a higher BAC level than a man of her same body weight wheneach has the same number of drinks.10 percent. the chance is 25 times greater! 4-3 . All the same person drank three double martinis (3 ounces drivers are impaired at BAC levels above 0. Research shows that the driving skills of many people are impaired at a BAC approaching It’s the amount of alcohol that counts. it’s even lower. A driver with a BAC level of somewhat lower BAC level.06 percent has doubled his or her chance of having a collision. the person’s Statistics show that the chance of being in a collision BAC would be close to 0. 0. The law in many U.05 percent or above. states.05 percent. The BAC limit for all commercial drivers in the United States is 0.08 percent.10 percent after three to six drinks (in one hour). In some other countries. A person who increases sharply for drivers who have a BAC of consumes food just before or during drinking will have a 0. At a BAC level of 0. it depends on how much alcohol is in the drinks. the limit is 0. The BAC will be over 0. Of course. In a growing number of U. Women generally have of this driver having a collision is 12 times greater. at a a lower relative percentage of body water than men.15 percent.S. if 0. But the abilityto drive is affected well below a BAC of 0.05 percent. and that theeffects are worse at night.

can be affectedby even a small amountof alcohol.driver or passenger -. Your A person with even a moderate BAC might not beable reflexes. heart. perceptions. that person’s chance of being killed or permanently disabled is higher thanif the person had notbeen drinking. -- You can have a serious or even fatal collision many people don’t know.Please don’t drink and alcohol in a person’s system can make crash injuries drive or ride with a driver who has been drinking.The body takes about an hour to rid itself of thealcohol in one drink. No amount of coffee or number of cold showers will speed that up.is in acrash. spinalcord or Ride home ina cab. especially injuries to the brain. a needto take sudden action. There’s something else about drinking and driving that -. Medical researchshows that if you drive after drinking. This means that whenanyone who has been designate a driver who will not drink. What if there’san emergency. as when a child darts into the street? Drinking and then drivingis very dangerous. A A . “I’ll becareful” isn’t the A CAUTION: right answer. attentiveness and judgment to react quickly enough toavoid the collision. worse. or if you’re with a group. drinking -.

you have to decide to push on the brake pedal. But even in 3/4 of a second. alertness. physical condition. the accelerator. as when you’re driving on snow or ice. Then you have to bring up your foot and do it.Control of a Vehicle Braking You have three systems that make your vehicle go where Braking action involves perception time and you want it to go. Sometimes. And. But that’s only an average. tire tread. 4-5 . the steering and reaction time. a vehicle moving at 60 mph (100 km/h) travels 66 feet (20 m). actual stopping distances vary greatly with the surface of the road (whether it’s pavement or gravel). That’s reaction time. That’s perception time. All three systems have to do their work First. Age.icy). at the places where the tires meet the road. That could be a lot of distance in an emergency. of course. it’s easy to ask more of those control systems than the tires and road can provide.so keeping enough space between your vehicle andothers is important. It might be less with one driver and as long as two orthree seconds or more with another. Average reaction time is about 314 of a second. dry. That means you can lose control of your vehicle. drugs and frustration. and the condition of your brakes. So do alcohol. the condition of the road (wet. coordination and eyesight all play a part. They are the brakes.

But you will use it when you brake.ABS is an is a mistake. faster if you do a lot of heavy braking.heavy acceleration followed by heavy braking -. If you do. Once the power assist is ANTI . is going on. 4-6 . the anti-lock brake system. stops.This Your vehicle has anti-lock brakes (ABS). If your engine ever stops while you’re driving. Your brakes will wear out much prevent a braking skid. this pedal may get harder to push down. If you keep pace When you start your engine and begin to drive away.Avoid needless heavy braking. This is normal. it may takelonger to stop and the brake pedal the Index.LOCK See “Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light” in used up.Your brakes may not havetime to cool advanced electronic braking system that will help between hard stops.rather than keeping pace with traffic. will be harder to push. you will still have some power brake assist. your anti-lock brake system willcheck itself. brake If there’s a problem withthe normally but don’tpump your brakes. You may you will eliminate a lot of unnecessary braking. If your engine warning light will stay on. That hear a momentary motoror clicking noise while this test means better braking and longer brake life. Some people drive Anti-Lock Brakes in spurts -. with the traffic and allow realisticfollowing distances.

Suddenly an animal jumps out in front of you. 4-7 . The anti-lock system can change the brake pressure faster than any driver could. Here’s how anti-lock works. your computer keeps receiving updateson of the wheels is about to stop rolling. You slam on the brakes. the computer will wheel speed andcontrols braking pressure accordingly. Here’s what happens with ABS. If one As you brake. You’re driving safely.The computer is programmed to make the mostof available tire and road conditions. You can steer around the obstacle while braking hard. A computer senses that wheels are slowingdown. Let’s say the road is wet. separately work the brakes ateach front wheel and at the rear wheels.

your anti-lock brakes A lot of the “driver lost control”accidents mentioned on work at all times-. Experienced driver or beginner. or you may notice some noise. Just hold the brake pedal down Driving on Curves and let anti-lock work for you. you cansteer and brake at thesame the front wheels.yodll understand this. the angle at which the curve is banked. vibrate. and your speed. anti-lock brakes. In many emergencies. If you’ve ever than even the very best braking.steering can help you more the vehicle going in the same direction. 4-8 . speed isthe one factor you can control.Remember: Anti-lock doesn’t change the time you need Steering to get your foot up to the brake pedal or always decrease stopping distance. you won’t have time to apply your brakes if that vehicle suddenly slows or stops. each of us is subject to the same lawsof physics when driving on curves. tried to steer a vehicle on wet ice.whether you are in two-wheel drive the news happen on curves. You may feel the brakes It’s important to takecurves at a reasonable speed. The traction you can get ina curve depends on the condition of your tires and the road surface. possible for the vehicle to change its path when you turn With anti-lock. inertia will keep time. On vehicles with four-wheel drive.you can steer but it will take much more effort. Always leave If you lose power steering assist because theengine enough room up aheadto stop. Using Anti-Lock Steering Tips Don’t pump the brakes. If you get too close to the vehicle in Power Steering front of you. The Braking in Emergencies traction of the tires against the road surface makesit Use your anti-lock braking system whenyou need to. but this is normal. If there’s no traction. While you’re in a curve. Here’s why: or four-wheel drive. even though you have stops or the system is not functioning.

find a truck stopped in your lane. collision.Suppose you’re steering througha sharp curve. You can accelerator pedal. Under less Your vehicle can perform very well inemergencies like favorable conditions you’ll want to go slower.if you can stop to go. or a car suddenly pulls out from nowhere. in time. (See “Braking in If you need to reduce your speed as you approach a Emergencies’’ earlier in this section. Try to adjust your speed so you can “drive” through the curve. the posted speeds are the problem. do it before you enter the curve. Then steer around the problem. steer the vehicle the way you wantit avoid these problems by braking -. Speed limit signs near curves warn that you should That’s the time forevasive action -. these. steady speed. Adding the sudden acceleration can demand too than braking. Wait to accelerate until you are out of the curve. But sometimes you can’t.steering and acceleration -.steering around adjust your speed.have to do their work where the tires meet There are times when steering can be more effective the road. or a child darts out from between What should you do if this ever happens? Ease up on the parked cars and stops right in front of you. you come over a hill and much of those places. there isn’t room. You can lose control. based on good weather and roadconditions. while your front remove as much speed as you can from a possible wheels are straight ahead. First apply your brakes.) It is better to curve. Both control systems-. Maintain a reasonable. and slow down. 4-9 . to the left or right depending on the space available. and then accelerate gently into the straightaway. Then you Steering in Emergencies suddenly accelerate. Of course. For example.

4-10 . up to one-quarter turn until the right front tire contacts the pavement edge. Then turn your steering wheel togo straight down the roadway. you can turn it a full 180 degrees very quickly without removing either hand. steer quickly. But you have to act fast. recovery shouldbe fairly easy. An emergency like this requires close attention and a quick decision. Off-Road Recovery You may find sometime that your right wheels have dropped off the edge of a road onto the shoulder while you’re driving. You can turn the steering wheel. if there is nothing in the way. and just as quickly straighten the wheelonce you have If the level of the shoulder is only slightly below the avoided the object. If you are holding the steering wheel at the recommended 9 and 3 o’clock positions. Easeoff the The fact that such emergencysituations are always accelerator and then. steer possible is a good reason to practicedefensive driving at so that your vehicle straddles the edge of the pavement. pavement. all times and wear safety belts properly.

passing vehicle occupies the same lane as oncoming Do not get too close to the vehicle you want to pass traffic for several seconds. judgment. center line usually indicates it’s all right to pass accelerates. to the sides and to crossroads for situations that might affect your passing patterns. If you have any doubt whatsoever about making a successful pass. For one thing. A miscalculation. . suddenly put the passing driver face to face with the especially if you’re following a larger vehicle. worst of all trafficaccidents -. If you can see a sign up ahead that mightindicate a The driver of a vehicle about to pass another on a turn or an intersection.the head-on collision. “Drive ahead. moves around the vehicle ahead. Never cross a back into the right lane again. A simple maneuver? solid line on your side of the lane or a double Not necessarily! Passing another vehicle on a two-lane solid line. since the approaching traffic. then goes (providing the road ahead is clear).” Look down the road.Passing 0 Watch for traffic signs. Keep back a reasonable distance. an error in while you’re awaiting an opportunity. even if the road seems empty of highway is a potentially dangerous move. delay yourpass. Also. or a brief surrender to frustration or anger can following too closely reduces your area of vision. A broken two-lane highway waits for just the right moment. pavement markings and lines. wait fora better time. you won’t have adequate space if the vehicle ahead So here are some tips for passing: suddenly slows or stops.

Check your mirrors. pass you as you pull out to pass the slowvehicle. Perhaps you can ease a little to the right.(Remember that distance you would lose by dropping back. wait on two-lane roads. activate your right lanechange signal “running start” that more than makesup for the and move back into the right lane. When you are far enough increasing speed as the time comes to move into the ahead of the passed vehicle to see its front in your other lane. And if your right outside mirror is convex. 4-12 .0 When it looks like a chance to pass is coming up. Reconsider before passing the your turn. it may the blind spot. Remember to glance over your shoulder and check Even though the brakelamps are not flashing.) wait for another opportunity. But take care that someone isn’t trying to next vehicle. The vehicle you something happens to cause you to cancel your pass. 0 Try not to pass more than one vehicle at a time 0 If other cars are lined up to pass a slow vehicle. Time your move so you will be of the right lane topass. 0 Don’t overtake a slowly moving vehicle too rapidly. just passed may seem to be farther away from you you need onlyslow down and drop back again and than it really is. If the way is clear to pass. make it easy for the following driver to get aheadof you. 0 If you’re being passed. be slowing down or starting to turn. glance over your shoulder and start to accelerate but stay in the right lane and don’t start your left lane change signal before moving out get too close. you will have a inside mirror.

Keep trying to gravel or other material is on the road. ease your foot off the accelerator pedal and quickly steer the way you want the Let’s review what driving expertssay about what vehicle to go.such as aren’t rolling. In the braking skid.and slow down when you have lose cornering force. In any emergency. Remember: Any anti-lock brake system (ABS) helps A cornering skid and an acceleration skid are best avoid only the braking skid. much throttle causes the drivingwheels to spin. your wheels is skidding. a driver can lose control of the vehicle. traction is reduced when water. tires meet the road to do what the driverhas asked. Of course. handled by easing your foot off the accelerator pedal. steering vehicle may straighten out. Any sudden changes could cause the tiresto slide. In the steering or corneringskid. You The three types of skids correspond to your vehicle’s may not realize the surface is slippery untilyour vehicle three control systems. While driving on a surface with reduced traction. Always be ready for a and acceleration) don’t have enough friction where the second skid if it occurs. those conditions.And in the acceleration skid. you’ll steer and constantly seekan escape route or areaof want to slow down and adjust your driving to these less danger. don’t give up. ice or packed snow on the road to make much speed or steering in a curve causestires to slip and a “mirrored surface” -. your happens when the three control systems(brakes. try your Defensive drivers avoid most skidsby taking reasonable best to avoid sudden steering. For safety. too enough water. snow. 4-13 . If you start steering quickly enough. too any doubt. andby not “overdriving” (including engine braking by shifting to a lower gear). acceleration or braking care suited to existing conditions. ice.Loss of Control If your vehicle starts to slide. Learn to recognize warningclues -. In a skid. But skids are always possible. conditions. It is important to slow down on slippery surfaces because stopping distance will be longer and Skidding vehicle control more limited.

Traffic lanes aren’t conditions. 4-14 . If at all possible. rough. Utility vehicles have higher ground clearance and a narrower track to make If your vehicle doesn’t have four-wheel drive. avoidsharp turns or abrupt marked. In operate this vehicle correctly may result in loss of control short. uphillor downhill. Specific design characteristics give them a solid surface. or vehicle rollover. higher center of gravity than ordinary cars. applications.Driving Guidelines Off-Road Driving withYour This multipurpose passenger vehicle is defined as a Four-Wheel-DriveVehicle utility vehicle in Consumer Information Regulations This off-road guide is for vehicles that have issued by the National Highway Traffic Safety four-wheel drive. You’ll find many driving tips and suggestions. you’ve gone right back to nature. designed for corneringat the same speeds as conventional two-wheel-drive vehicles any more than low-slung sports “Off-roading” means you’ve left the great North cars are designedto perform satisfactorily under off-road American road system behind. And that’s why it’s very important that you read this guide. They arenot terrain itself. failure to Surfaces can be slippery.An advantage Off-road driving can be greatfun. Department of Transportation. The greatest of these is the allowing you to anticipate problems.These will help make your off-road drivingsafer and more enjoyable. But it does have of the higher ground clearance is a better view of the road some definite hazards. As with other vehiclesof this type. maneuvers. There are no road signs. see “Anti-Lock Brakes” in the Index. Administration (NHTSA) of the United States Also.you them capable of performing in a wide variety of off-road shouldn’t drive off-road unless you’re on a level. Off-road driving involves some new skills. Curves aren’t banked.

roll over.” “Luggage Carrier”and “Tires” in the Index.Before You Go Off-Roading I There are some things to do before you go out. See “Vehicle Loading. be sure to have all necessary maintenance and service work done. Will you be on someone’s private land? If so. Check to make sure all underbody 0 Cargo on the load floorpiled higher than shields (if so equipped) are properly attached. Be sure the seatbacks canbe thrown forward you read all the information about yourfour-wheel-drive during a sudden stop. not on roof. Loading Your Vehicle for Off-Road Driving Heavy loads on theroof raise the vehicle’s There are some important things to remember about center of gravity. You’ll find other important information in this manual. You can be seriouslyor fatally 0 The heaviest things should be on the load floor and injured if the vehicle rolls over. be struck by flying objects. so driving on the off-road terrain doesn’t toss things around. Be sure the load is secured properly. You or your passengers can sure to get the necessary permission. Keep cargo in the cargo area far as forward and low as possible. You or your vehicle in this manual. 4-15 . Unsecured cargo on the load floor can you should check with law enforcement people in the be tossed about when driving over rough area. For A CAUTION: example. Keep cargo tire fully inflated? Are the fluid levels up where they below the topof the seatbacks. Is there enough fuel? Is the spare passengers couldbe injured. be terrain. Secure the cargo properly. the forward as you can. Put heavier items as far loads inside the cargo area. should be? What are the local laws that apply to off-roading where you’ll bedriving? If you don’t know. making it more likely to how to load your vehicle.Put heavy forward of your rear axle.

for unexpected obstacles. Always use established trails. hands. Know the terrain and plan your route.Environmental Concerns Traveling to Remote Areas Off-road driving can provide wholesome and satisfying It makes sense to plan your trip. can help quickly. obey all posted regulations. it also raises environmental to a remote area. . 4-16 . handy if you get stuck. for example. Here’s whatwe mean. theother recreational driving. Get every off-roader to follow these basic rules for accurate maps of trails and terrain. you’ll needto respond to vibrations and vehicle bounce. Avoid any driving practice that could damage the Does your vehicle have a winch? If so. be sure to read environment -. feet and body. make sure all refuse is removed from any campsite before leaving. However. It’s a good idea to practicein an area that’s safe and close to home before you go into the wilderness. Try to learn of any protecting the environment: blocked or closed roads. Never park your vehicle over dry grass or other Tune your senses to different kinds of signals. driving skills. grasses -. If something happens to one of them. .shrubs. need to constantly sweep the terrain heat of the vehicle’s exhaust system. But you’ll wantto know how to breaking down trees or unnecessary driving through use it properly. With your arms. streams or over soft ground). Your ears need to listen for unusual tire or engine sounds. roads and areas that It’s also a good ideato travel with at least one other have been specially set aside for public off-road vehicle. GM recognizes these concerns and urges You are much less likely to get bad surprises. concerns. Off-road driving does require some new and different camp stoves and lanterns. a winch can be disturb wildlife (this includes wheel-spinning.or the winch instructions. especially when going recreation. Getting Familiar with Off-Road Driving Always carry a litter bag . trees. In a remote area. Take extreme care with open fires (where permitted). flowers.Your combustible materials that could catch fire from the eyes.

grass.So. Off-roading can take you over hard-packed dirt. acceleration 0 you have more vehicle bounce when you drive and braking of your vehicle in different ways. wheel spinning. rocks.) wear safety belts. especially poor traction and longer braking distances.Controlling your vehicle is the key to successful Scanning the Terrain off-road driving. ice. 0 you approach things faster and you have less time to scan the terrain for obstacles. youand your passengers should more discussion of these subjects later. snow or even the rise and fallof the terrain itself. hole. Surjizce Conditions. mud. rut or bump can startle you if you’re not prepared for them. log. 0 you’ll need more distance for braking. since you’re on an unpaved surface. snow or 0 you have less time to react. whether you’re drivingon Does the travel take you uphill or downhill? (There’s or off the road. sliding. upon the kind of surface you are on. bushes. you may experience slipping. gravel. A rock.This could cause you to lose 0 Will the surface texture change abruptly up ahead? control and crash. Here are some things to Off-road driving can takeyou over many different kinds keep in mind. Here are some things to consider: When you’re driving off-road. Depending over obstacles. sand. You need to be familiar with the terrain andits many different features. Sutfkce Obstacles. Each of these surfaces affects the steering. delayed acceleration. Here aresome things to consider. One of the best ways to control your vehicle is to control your speed. bouncing and Is the path ahead clear? quick changes in directioncan easily throw you out of position. At higher speeds: of terrain. Unseen or hidden obstacles canbe hazardous. Often these obstacles are hidden by grass. 0 Will you have to stop suddenly or change direction quickly? 4-17 .

If you have any doubt what is safe and what isn’t. You have to use your own good judgment about seriously injured or killed. Ruts. If you drive alertness from driving on paved roads and highways. you will roll over. posted speedlimits or signal drive across them. you can’t control your speed. rocks. You could be lights. you can’t control the vehicleas well or at all. You could have a serious -. or other obstacles. At the verytime you need special alertness and driving skills. Many hills are simply too steepfor any vehicle. it’s especially important to avoid sudden acceleration.accident if you drink and drive or ride with adriver who has been drinking. If this happens. troughsor other surface features can jerk the wheel out of your hands if Off-road driving often takes you up. perceptions andjudgment can be affected by even a small amountof alcohol.no your wheels can leave theground.or even fatal -. hill. sudden turns or sudden braking. When you drive over bumps. you will stall.wI Iyou drive over obstacles or rough terrain. If you There are no road signs. don’t drive the hill. Driving safely on hills requires goodjudgment and an understanding of what your vehicle can and can’t do. down them. See “Drunken Driving” in the Index. 4-18 . with one or two wheels. There are some hills that simply can’t be driven. Because you will be on an unpaved surface. Drinking and driving can be verydangerous on any road. downor across a you’re not prepared. And this is certainly truefor off-road driving. In a way. even matter how well built the vehicle. off-road driving requires a different kindof If you drive up them. keep a Driving on Off-Road Hills firm grip on the steering wheel. about the steepness. your reflexes.

descend or 0 Is there a straight path up or down the hill so you cross. you need to decide if it’s one of those hills that’s just too steepto climb. walk the hill if you don’t know. Here are some other things to consider as you approach a hill. On a large hill. gullies. 0 Is the hill simply too rough? Steep hills often have ruts. troughs and exposed rocks because they 0 Is there a constant incline. trees. a fence? Getout and bushes. On a very small won’t have to maketurning maneuvers? hill. for example. Steepness canbe hard to judge. grass or shrubs.Approach lg a Hill 0 Is there good traction on the hillside. or does the hill get sharply are more susceptible to the effects of erosion.there may be a smooth. an not see this because the crest of the hill is hidden by embankment. It’s the smart way to find out. or will the surface cause tire slipping? When you approach ahill. steeper in places? 4-19 . constant 0 Are there obstructions on the hill that can block your incline with only a small changein elevation where you path (boulders. adrop-off.but you may 0 What’s beyond the hill? Is there a cliff. logs or ruts)? can easily see all the way to the top. the incline may get steeperas you near the top.

0 Use your headlampseven during the day. When driving uphills. always try togo straight up. you need to take some special steps. cliff. dangerous. You could lose traction. and possibly roll over.you might want to find A CAUTION: I another route. slide sideways. or sliding. slow down and stay alert.Driving Uphill 0 Ease up on your speedas you approach the top of the hill. If the path twists and turns.atfull speed can cause an accident. 0 Use a low gear and get a firm grip on the steering wheel. embankment. As you near Awning o r driving across steephills can be the top of a hill. Once you decide you can safely drive up the hill. You could be seriouslyinjured or killed. 0 Sound the horn as you approach the top of the hill to let opposing traffic know you’re there. 0 Get a smooth start up the hill and try to maintain your speed. or even another vehicle. You could be seriously injured orkilled. Don’tuse more power than you need. 0 Attach a flag to the vehicle to make you more visible to approaching traffic on trails or hills. There could be a drop-off. 4-20 . Driving to the top (crest)of a hill . Theymake because you don’t want your wheels to start spinning you more visible to oncoming traffic. 0 Try to drive straight up the hill if at all possible.

Also. there are some things you should and maneuver as you back down. Turning the wheel too far to the left or right will increase the possibility 0 Push the brake pedalto stop the vehicle and keep it of a rollover. shift the transmission to you could go out of control. and there are some things you must not do. If you can’t make it up the hill. This won’t work. when going up a hill. apply the parking brake. 0 If your engine is still running. Shift to REVERSE (R). engine. PARK (P) (or. With the brake pedal depressed and the Your vehicle will roll backwards very quickly and parking brake still applied. apply the regular braketo stop the vehicle. 0 Never attempt to turn around if you are about to stall when going up a hill. Here are some things you must not do if you stall. shift to REVERSE (R).and slowly back straight down. release the parking brake. back down the hillwith your wheels straight rather First. you’ll need to and regain forward momentum. shift to NEUTRAL (N) if your vehicle has a manual transmission) and restart the Instead. release the Then apply the parking brake. NEUTRAL (N) (or depressing the clutch. parking brake. you’ll be able to tell if your wheels are straight A: If this happens. It’s best thatyou do. What should I do if my vehicle stalls. here’s what you should do: than in the left or right direction. and slowly back down the hill as release the parking brake. it’ssteep enough to cause you to roll over if you turn around. you must back straight down the hill. or are about to stall. . put your left hand to stall. and 0 Never attempt to prevent a stall by shifting into slowly back down the hill in REVERSE (R). or is about As you are backing down the hill. Then. if you have a manual transmission) to “rev-up” the engine 0 If your engine has stopped running. If the hill is steep enough to stall your vehicle. andI can’t make it up the hill? on the steering wheel at the 12 o’clock position. from rolling backwards. This way. straight as possible in REVERSE (R). restart it. shift the transmission to REVERSE(R).

even if you’re in gear). Do not shift the transfer because the NEUTRAL(N) position on the case to NEUTRAL (N) when you leave the vehicle. Thisis take if it rolled downhill. But do not shift the transfer case to the NEUTRAL (N) position. Exit on the uphill is in PARK (P) (or.I try to back down the hill and decideI just can’t doit.4HI or 4LO position. in PARK (P) (or the manual transmissionin shifting the transfer case to NEUTRAL (N) can FIRST (1)) and turn off the engine. Suppose. put your transmission If you have a manual transfer case shift lever. 4-22 . Leave the transfer case in the 2HI. transfer case overrides the transmission. If you Leave it in some gear. put your manual transmission in FIRST (1)). if you have the manual side and stayclear of the path the vehicle would transmission. What should I do? I A CAUTION: A: Set the parking brake. Leave the cause your vehicle to roll evenif the transmission vehicle and go get some help. after stalling. set the parking brake and shift the transmission PARK to (P) (or. are going to leave your vehicle.

. This way. and use a low gear. This could cause lossof control and a serious accident. Descend slowly. then tryto keep your vehicle headed straight down. keeping your vehicle under control at all times. . 0 What's the surface like? Smooth? Rough? Slippery? Hard-packed dirt? Gravel? Apply the brakes lightly when descendinga hill and usea low gear to keep vehicle speed Are there hidden surface obstacles? Ruts? Logs? under control. .Driving Downhill When off-roading takes you downhill. consider a number of things: 0 How steep is the downhill? Will I be able to maintain Heavy braking when going downa hill can cause vehicle control? your brakes to overheat and fade. 4-23 . . Boulders? I What's at the bottom of the hill? Is there a hidden creek bank or even a river bottom with largerocks? If you decide you can go down a hill safely. engine drag can help your brakes and they won't have to do all the work.. you'll want to .

while still braking. the engine.” If the engine won’t start. or with the clutch pedal depressed in a manual shift. Apply the parking brake. release the parking brake. You could roll over if you don’t drive straight down. restart steep to drive down may betoo steep to drive across. Your brakes will have to do all the work andcould overheat and fade. here’s what to do. This is called “free-wheeling. A hill that’s not too manual transmission) and. NEUTRAL (N). ignore them you could lose control and have a Stop your vehicle by applying the regular brakes.Q: Are there some things I should not do when @’ Am I likely to stall when going downhill? driving down a hill? A: It’s much more likely to happen going uphill. 4-24 . serious accident. 0 Never go downhill with the transmission in and drive straight down. When driving downhill. 0 Shift back to a low gear. avoid turns that take you 0 Shift to PARK (P) (or to NEUTRAL (N) with the across the inclineof the hill. A: Yes! These are important because if you But if it happens going downhill. get out and get help.

) and roll over. the length of the wheel base (the rolled over. seriously injuredor killed. don’t drive across a hill. make your vehicle roll over. whether to try to drive across theincline. Loose gravel. the much more narrow track width (the distancebetween 1 A CAUTION: I -1 the left and right wheels) may not prevent the vehicle from tilting and rolling over. downhill.Driving Across an Incline Hidden obstacles can make the steepness of the incline even worse. muddy spots. an off-road trail will probably go across the uphill wheels. you have to decide a rut or depression. or if the downhill wheels drop into the incline of a hill. Here are some things to consider: For reasons like these. Find another route instead. grass can cause your tires to slip sideways. I If the vehicle slips sideways. your vehicle can tilt even more. If you have any doubt 0 Surface conditions can be a problem when you drive about the steepnessof the incline. The last vehicle to try it might have down a hill. When you go straight up or have to drive it.You could be This could cause a downhill slide or a rollover. it can hit something that will trip it (a rock. 4-25 . etc. Just because 0 A hill that can be driven straight up or down may be the trail goes across the incline doesn’t mean you too steep to drive across. But when you drive acrossan incline. a rut. If you drive across a rock with Sooner orlater. distance from the front wheels to the rear wheels) reduces the likelihoodthe vehicle will tumble end over end. or even wet across it. Also. driving across an Driving across an incline that’s too steep will incline puts more weight on the downhill wheels. If this happens. you need to decide carefully whether to try to drive acrossan incline.

. be sure you (and your passengers) get out on the uphill side.If the vehicle rolls over. Always get out on the uphill (high) sideof the vehicle and stay well clear of the rollover path. even if the door there is harder to open. . a much better wayto prevent this is to get out and “walk the course” so you know what the surface is like before you drive it... you’ll be right in its path. However.&: What if I’m driving across an incline that’s not too steep. . Getting out on the downhill (low) side of a vehicle stopped across an incline is dangerous. Stalling on an Incline If your vehicle stalls whenyou’re crossing an incline. . .. .If you get out on the downhill side and the vehiclestarts to roll over. the vehicle will takeif it does roll over. turn downhill. stay outof the path . .:. What should I do? A: If you feel your vehicle starting to slide sideways. A CAUTION: . ’ _ . This should help straighten out the vehicle and prevent the side slipping. . .but I hit someloose gravel and start to slide downhill.. .. you could be crushed or killed. . If you have to walk down the slope.

I When you drive on sand. Drive your vehicle want to reducethe air pressure in your tires slightly on safe surfaces ‘only. quickly. turning is more difficult. the traction is so poor that you will won’t get good traction. This has vehicle could fall through the ice and you and an effect on steering. pondsor rivers canbe traction. You may your passengers could drown. when driving on sand. And if you do get moving. accelerating and braking. your wheels ice. In reallydeep mud. On these surfaces. you’ll sense a change in wheel Driving on frozen lakes. Snow or Ice Hard packed snow and ice offer the worst tire traction. On wet When you drive in mud. Your dunes) your tires will tend to sink into the sand. currents under sand is. On loosely packed sand (as on beaches or sand the ice. 4-27 . Underwater springs. out of control. Sand. You can’t accelerate as have difficulty accelerating. This will improve traction.the deeper the mud. the idea is to keep your vehicle moving so you don’t get stuck. It’s best to use a low gear when you’re in mud -.Driving inMud. and you’ll need poor steering and difficult braking can cause you to slide longer braking distances. snow or sand. it’s very easy to lose control. €or example. But it will depend upon how loosely packed the dangerous. or sudden thaws can weaken the ice. the lower the gear.

as longas your See “Driving Through Water” in the Index for more tailpipe is under water. But heavy rain can mean flash flooding.it may take you longer to stop. you’ll never be able to start your information on driving through water. If it’s deep enough to cover your wheel hubs.Driving in Water Light rain causes no special off-road driving problems. ~ Driving through rushingwater can be dangerous. and you could lose and other vehicle parts. through rushingwater. Stalling can also occurif you get your tailpipe under water. remember that when your brakes get wet. engine. then drive through it slowly. it can still wash away the through. water splashes on your ignition system and your vehicle can stall. traction and roll the vehicle over. 4-28 . don’t try it -. Find out how deep the water is before you drive through Deep water can sweep yourvehicle downstream it. axles or and you and your passengers could drown. water that deep can damage your axle ground from under your tires. If it’s exhaust pipe. Don’t drive If the water isn’t toodeep. At fast speeds. When you go through water.you probably won’t get only shallow water. and flood I A CAUTION: waters demand extreme caution. And. Also.

check the fuel lines and cooling system for any leakage.by alcohol or drugs. Refer to the Maintenance Schedule for additional information. Your vehicle will require more frequent service due to I off-road use. These substancescan cause glazing and uneven braking. wheels. steering. After operationin mud or sand. with night vision problems. or by fatigue.tires and exhaust system for damage.After Off-Road Driving Driving at Night Remove any brush or debristhat has collected onthe underbody. Night driving is more dangerous than day driving. chassis or under the hood.Also. These accumulations canbe a fire hazard. One reason is that some drivers are likely to be impaired -. suspension. Check the body structure. have the brakelinings cleaned and checked. 4-29 .

don’t wear sunglasses at night. Glare at night is made much In remote areas. for glare from headlamps behind you. Keep your windshield and all theglass on your vehicle clean -. down on glare from headlamps.Here are some tips on night driving. You can be temporarily blinded by approaching lights. Your headlamps can light up onlyso much road ahead. Adjust your inside rearview mirror to reduce the It can take a second or two. When you are faced Since you can’t see as well. butthey also make a lot of things invisible. 0 Don’t drink and drive. lights dazzle and flash more than clean glass would. that way. especially on higher speed roads. you may need to with severe glare (as from a driver who doesn’t lower slow down and keep more space between you and the high beams. sunshine you are wise to wearsunglasses. watch for animals. They may cut 0 Drivedefensively. or even several seconds. slow down a little. Night Vision Remember that your headlamps light upfar less of a No one can see as well at night as in the daytime. A 50-year-old eyes moving.inside and out. your eyes to readjust to the dark. if you spend the day in bright aren’t even aware of it. Slow down. Dirty glass makes and rest. But if you’re 4-30 . or a vehicle with misaimed headlamps). Avoid staring directly into the approaching lights. But as roadway when you are in a turn or curve. it’seasier to pick out dimly driver may require at least twice as much light tosee the lighted objects. Justas your headlamps should be same thing at nightas a 20-year-old. other vehicles. Your eyes will have less trouble adjustingto night. For example.the inability to see in dim light -. making the pupils of youreyes contract repeatedly. worse by dirt on the glass. so should your eyes be examined regularly.and vision. Keep your we get older these differences increase. Even the inside of the glass If you’re tired. Some drivers suffer from night What you do in the daytime can also affect your night blindness -. checked regularly for properaim. driving. pull off the road ina safe place can build up a film caused by dust.

pavement markings. Replace your windshield wiper inserts when theyshow signs of streaking or missing areas on the windshield. It's always wise to go slower and be I cautious if rain starts to fall while you are driving. accelerate or turn as well because your tire-to-road traction isn't as good as on dry roads. you can't stop. On a wet road. the edge of the road and even people walking.you'll get even less traction. Rain and wet roads can meandriving trouble. Even if your windshield wiper blades are in good shape. The surface may get wet suddenly when your reflexes are tuned for driving on dry pavement. a heavy rain can make it harder to see road signs and traffic signals. It's wise to keep your wiping equipment in good shape and keep your windshield washer tankfilled. or when strips of rubber start to separate from the inserts. The heavier the rain. 4-31 .Driving in Rain andon Wet Roads And. the harder it is to see. if your tires don't have much tread left.

The water may affect your brakes. try to slow down before you hit them. apply your brake pedal lightly until your brakeswork normally. ' A CAUTION: I I I I Wet brakes can cause accidents. 4-32 . You could lose control of the vehicle. too. But if you can't. Driving too fast through large water puddlesor even going through somecar washes can cause problems. They won't work well in a quick stop and may cause pulling to one side. Tryto avoid puddles. After driving througha large puddle of water or a car wash.

0 Besides slowing down. (See “Tires” in the Index. But it can if your engine’s air intake and badly damage your tires haven’t much treador if the pressure in one or engine. If you can see reflections from trees. There just isn’t a hard and fast rule about hydroplaning. drive water’s surface. It can happen if a lot of water is standing on the road.) 4-33 . When your vehicle is hydroplaning. Allow yourself more clear room ahead. there could be hydroplaning. This canhappen if the road is wetenough and you’re NOTICE: r going fast enough. it has little or no contact with the road. The Some Other Rainy Weather Tips best advice is to slow down when it is raining. watercan come in through your Hydroplaning doesn’t happen often. If you drive too quickly throughdeep puddles or standing water. Hydroplaning usually happens at higher speeds. 0 Have good tires with proper tread depth.If you poles or other vehicles. through them very slowly.Hydroplaning Driving Through Deep Standing Water Hydroplaning is dangerous. telephone lower than the underbodyof your vehicle. So much water can build up under your tires that they can actually ride on the water. and be prepared to have your view restricted by road spray. And be especially careful when you pass another vehicle. Neverdrive through water thatis slightly more is low. allow some extra following distance. and raindrops “dimple” the can’t avoid deep puddles or standing water.

When a light turns green. (See the next part. You’ll save time and energy. and just before you start to move. You’ll want to watch out for what the other drivers are doing and pay attentionto traffic signals. Try to use the freeways that rim and crisscross most large cities. One of the biggest problems withcity streets is the amount of trafficon them. A traffic light is there because the corner is busy enough to need it. 4-34 .”) 0 Treat a green light as a warning signal. Here are ways to increase your safety in city driving: Know the best way to get to where you are going. check both ways for vehicles that havenot cleared the intersectionor may be running the red light. Get a city map and plan your trip into an unknown part of the city just as you would for a cross-country trip. “Freeway Driving.

you should begin to check traffic. If you have a clear view of the freeway as you drive along the entrance ramp. parkways. check your mirrors. freeways (also called thruways. Try to blend smoothly with the traffic flow. Once you are on the freeway. there is usually a ramp that leads to the freeway. Stay in the right lane unless you want to pass. expressways. turnpikes or superhighways) are the safest of all roads. Too-fast or too-slow driving breaks a smooth traffic flow. Drive at the same speed most of the other drivers are driving. Try to merge into the gap at close to the prevailing speed. adjust your speed to the posted limit or to the prevailing rate if it’s slower. Mile for mile. 4-35 . At the entrance. check ~ your mirrors and glance over your shoulder as often as necessary. Before changing lanes. Switch on your turn signal. Then use your turn signal.Freeway Driving Theimportant most advice on freeway driving is: Keep up with traffic and keep to the right. Treatthe left lane on a freeway as a passing lane. Try to determine where you expect to blend with the flow. But they have theirown special rules.

lane well in advance. 4-36 . have it done before starting out. stop and back up. glance quicklyover your Before Leaving on aLong Trip shoulder to make sure there isn’t another vehicle in your “blind” spot. can easily drive in. Expect to move of the journey. it’s readyto go. If you miss your exit. Drive on to service. do not. moveto the proper Is your vehicle ready for a long trip?If you keep it. you’ll find experienced andable service experts in GM The exit ramp can be curved.such as after a day’s Once you are moving on the freeway. you may tendto think you are going slower than you actually are. serviced and maintained. Of course. When you want to leave the freeway. The exit speed is usually posted. sometimes quite sharply. make certain you work -.don’t plan to make too many miles that first part allow a reasonable following distance. not to your sense of motion. Make sure you’re ready. If it needs under any circumstances.If you must start when you’re not fresh-. dealers all across North America. Reduce your speed according to your speedometer. After driving for any distance at higher speeds. Wearcomfortable clothing and shoes you slightly slower at night. the next exit.They’ll be ready and willing to helpif you need it.Just before you leave the lane. Try to be well rested.

Engine Oil. getsome exercise. pulloff the road into a rest.Here are some things you can check before a trip: Highway Hypnosis 0 Windshield Washer Fluid: Is the reservoir full? Is there actually such a condition as “highway hypnosis”? Are all windows clean inside and outside? Or is it just plain falling asleepat the wheel? Callit a Wiper Blades: Are they in good shape? highway hypnosis. and you could crash and be injured. Check your mirrors and your instruments frequently. 0 Fuel. to you! If it does. long-distance driving? Are the tires all inflated to the What can you do about highway hypnosis‘? First. service or parking area and take a nap. and the rushof the wind against 0 Lamps: Are they all working? Are the lenses clean? the vehicle that can makeyou sleepy. treatdrowsiness on the highway as an emergency. your vehicle canleave the road in less trouble-free trip. Other Fluids:Have you checked There is something about an easy stretch of road with the all levels? same scenery. Is the tread good enough for than n second. 0 Weather Forecasts: What’s the weatheroutlook Then here are some tips: along your route? Should you delay your trip a short time to avoid a major storm system? 0 Make sure your vehicle is well ventilated. 4-37 . along with the humof the tires on the road. with a comfortably cool interior. lack of awareness. the drone of the engine. 0 Maps: Do you have up-to-date maps? 0 Keep your eyes moving. be recommended pressure? aware that it can happen.or whatever. or both. 0 If you get sleepy. For safety. Scan the road ahead andto the sides. Don’t let it happen 0 Tires: They are vitally important to a safe.

cooling system and transmission. Check all fluid levels and also the brakes. The most important thing to know is this: let your engine do some of the slowing down. 0 Know how to go down hills. here aresome tips that can make your trips safer and more enjoyable. tires. Shift downto let your engine assist your brakes on a steep downhill slope. have poor braking or even none going down a hill.) 0 Keep your vehicle in good shape. (See “Off-Road Driving” in the Index for information about driving off-road. If you don’t shift down. 4-38 .You would then driving in flat or rolling terrain.Hill and Mountain Roads If you drive regularly in steep country. You could crash. These parts can work hardon mountain roads. your brakes could get so Driving on steep hills or mountains is different from hot that they wouldn’t work well. or if you’re planning to visit there. Shift to a lower gear when you go down a steep or long hill.

. be alert. and you can climb the hill better. . Stay in your own lane when driving on two-lane roads in hills or mountains. i. Your brakes will have to do all the work of slowing down. . . like a stalled car oran accident. . . . . You may see highway signs on mountains that warn of special problems. area or winding roads.... 2- ' . Coasting downhill inNEUTRAL (N) or with the ignition off is dangerous. . a falling rocks.. . .. . 4-39 . passing or no-passing zones. 0 Know how to go uphill. The lower gears help cool your engine and transmission. You could crash.....%. Always have your engine running and your vehicle in gear when you go downhill. . . Drive atspeeds that let you stay in your own lane. 0 As you go over the top of a hill. Be alert tothese and take appropriate action. You would then have poor braking oreven none going down a hill. They could get so hot that they wouldn't work well. :'. . .I: '. Winter Driving A CAUTION: < _. Examples are long grades. Don't swing wide or cut across the center of the road. You may want to shift down to a lower gear. .tb. . .. .?-+: ''. .. There could be something in your lane..

And.You can get wet ice when it’s about freezing (32°F. a small brush or broom. Be sure you properly secure these items in your vehicle.” Very cold snow or ice can be slick and hard todrive on. if there is snowor ice between your tires and the road. But wet ice can be even more trouble becauseit may offer the least traction of all. a rag. a flashlight. Try to avoid driving on wet ice until salt and sand crews can get there. include a small bag of sand. What’s the worst time for this? “Wet ice. 4-40 . you can have a very slippery situation.Include an ice scraper. some winter outer clothing. a red cloth and a couple of reflective warning triangles. a small shovel. a piece of old carpet or a couple of burlap bags to help provide traction. a supply of windshield washer fluid. However. those places whereyour tires meet the road probably have good traction.if you will be driving under severe conditions. OOC) and freezing rain begins to fall. Driving on Snow or Ice Most of the time. You’ll have a lot less traction or “grip” andwill need to be very careful.

Your anti-lock brakes improve your vehicle’s stability when you make a hard stop on a slippery road. you could be ina remain icy when the surrounding roads are clear. See “Anti-Lock” in the Index. The road might be fine until you hit a spot that’s covered with ice. On an otherwise clear road. blowing If You’re Caught in a Blizzard or loose snow -. to do to summon help and keep yourself and your passengers safe: 0 Turn on your hazard flashers.Whatever the condition -. 0 Allow greater following distance on any slippery road. you’ll want to begin stopping sooner than you would on dry pavement. Here are some things the ice. the drive wheels will spin and polish the surface under the tires even more. You should probably stay with your you see a patch of ice ahead of you. 0 Watch for slippery spots. Try not to brake while you’re actually on and you can hike through the snow. Even though you have an anti-lock braking system. Accelerate gently.drive with caution. and avoid sudden steering maneuvers. 0 Tie a red cloth to your vehicle to alert police that you’ve been stopped by the snow. If you accelerate too fast. ice patches may appear in shaded areas where the sun can’t reach: around clumps of trees. Try notto break the fragile traction. behind buildings or under bridges.smooth ice. If serious situation. Sometimes the surface of a curve or an overpass may If you are stopped by heavy snow. brake before you vehicle unless you know for sure that you are near help are on it. packed. 4-41 .

make body I insulators’from newspapers. rags. If you have no blankets or extra clothing. floor mats -. Clear awaysnow from around the baseof your vehicle.so you might not know it is in yourvehicle. 4-42 . Put on extra clothing or wrap a blanket around you.I This can cause deadly CO (carbon monoxide) gas to get inside. \ You can run the engine to keep warm.CO could overcomeyou and kill . You can’t see it orsmell it.ahything you can wrap around yourself or tuck unper your clothing to keep warm. This will help keep CO out. especially any that is blocking your exhaust pipe. Snow can trap exhaustgases under your vehi . And check around again from time to timebetosure snow doesn’t collect there. you.0 . . burlap bags. but be careful. Open awindow just a littleon the sideof the vehicle that’s away from the wind.

6. push the accelerator slightly. Set the parking brake firmly. This vehicles with the optional electronic shift transfer uses less fuel for the heat that you get and it keeps the case or all-wheel drive because the transfer cases battery charged. 5. Place the transfer case shift lever in NEUTRAL (N).Run your engine only as long as you must. Thisis because the transfer case Recreational Vehicle Towing overrides the transmission. 4-43 . make it go a little faster Recreational vehicle towing is not recommended for than just idle. Do not tow the vehicle by the rear bumper the steering column while preventing battery drain. Release the parking brake only after the vehicle being towed is firmly attachedto the tow vehicle. Refer to the hitch manufacturer’s instructions. Unlocking the steering column will allow for proper movement of the front wheelshires during towing. bar. you can get is in PARK (P). Let the heater run for awhile. Place an automatic transmission in PARK (P) or a manual transmission in FIRST (1). out of the vehicle and do some fairly vigorous exercises or if your vehicle is in gear. shut the engine off and close the window almost all the way to preserve the heat. for an automatic transmission. transmission. Preserve the cause your vehicleto roll even if the transmission fuel as long as you can. Then. (Four-wheel Drive Only) 1. Insert the ignition key into the ignition switch and turn it one notch forward of theLOCK position. To help keep warm. restart the vehicle. Start the engine again and repeat this only when you feel really uncomfortable Shifting the transfer case into NEUTRAL (N) can from the cold. which unlocks vehicle. That is. fuel. This 3. 2. for a manual every half hour or so until help comes. You will need a well-charged battery to have no neutral position. Firmly attach the vehicle being towed to the tow places the key in the OFF position. When you run the engine. This saves 4. and possibly for signaling later on with your headlamps. But do it as little as possible.

fuel.This is called the GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weight Rating). obtain the gross weight capacity of your vehicle. Tofind out the actual loads on VR ‘GVWR F your front and rearaxles. above the door latch.The GVWR includes the weight of the vehicle. called Gross Axle * I I Weight Rating (GAWR). \ SEE OWNER’S MANUAL FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION U I If you do have a heavy load.if pulling a trailer. PAYLOAD I -= PSI/KPA (COL Never exceed the GVWRfor your vehicle. 4-44 . Be sure to spreadout your load equally on both sides of the centerline. you need to go to a weigh station and weigh your vehicle.Your dealer can help you with this. or the Gross n Axle Weight Rating (GAWR)for either the front or rear axle. Similar appearing vehicles may have different The Certificationrrire label is found on the driver’s door GVWR’s and payloads. The label shows the size of Certificationnire label or consult your dealer for your original tiresand the inflationpressuresneeded to additionaldetails. Please note your vehicle’s edge. you should spread it out. cargo and trailer tongue weight. all occupants.Loading Your VehicleThe Certificationnire label also tells you the maximum weights for the front and rearaxles.

durability might not change your weight ratings.they will go as fast as the vehicle goes. 1Things you put inside yourvehicle can strike Do not load your vehicle any heavier than the GVWR. 0 Never stack heavier things. These could cause you to lose control. Your warranty does not cover parts or components that fail because of overloading. they’ll keep going. ~~ There’s also important loading information for off-road driving in this manual. 0 When you carry something inside the vehicle. If you have to stop or turn quickly. Put things in the cargo areaof your vehicle. NOTICE: 0 Don’t leave a seat folded down unlessyou need to. like suitcases.like suitcases. Ask 0 Don’t leave an unsecured child restraint in your dealer to help you load your vehicle the right way. Try to spread the weightevenly. packages. the Index. inside the vehicle so that some of them are Using heavier suspension components to get added above the topsof the seats.. in a crash. or GAWR. If you do. or anything else -. your vehicle. or if there is a crash. 4-45 . See “Loading Your Vehicle” in If you put things inside your vehicle -. Also. tools. or it can change theway your vehicle handles. secure it wheneveryou can.. A CAUTION: = A CAUTION: . overloading can shortenthe life of your vehicle. parts on your vehicle can break. or either the maximum front or rear and injurepeople in a sudden stop or turn.

You and your passengerscould be seriouslyinjured. you can lose control whenyou pull a from the payload. 4-46 . advice and information about towing a trailer with your vehicle. if the trailer istoo heavy. trailer. Ask your GM dealer for Be sure to weigh your vehicle beforeyou buy and install the new equipment. remember to subtract the weight of these things properly. For example. the Add-on Equipment -- brakes may not work well or even at all.Payload Towiy a Trailer The payload capacity is shownon the Certificationmire label. NOTICE: Your warranty doesn’t cover parts or components that fail becauseof overloading. you may need to put a Pull a trailer only if you have followed all the limit on how many peopleyou carry inside your vehicle. steps in thissection. When you carry removable items. Be sure to include the weight of the occupants as part of your load. This is the maximum loadcapacity that your vehicle can carry.Your dealer can help you with this. If you added any A CAUTION: accessories or equipment after your vehicle left the If you don’t use the correct equipment and drive factory.

for heavier trailers. Successful. Make sure vehicle and result in costly repairs not coveredby your rig will belegal. 0 Consider using a sway control if your trailer will weigh 2. (900 kg) or less. So please read this section carefully before you pull a trailer. including speed limit Pulling a trailer improperly can damage your restrictions. If You Do Decide To Pull A Trailer NOTICE: If you do. important trailering tips and safety rules. here are some important points: 0 There are many different laws. You should always use a sway control if your trailer will weigh more Every vehicle is ready for some trailer towing. In it are many don’t make starts at full throttle. 4-47 . not only where you live but your warranty. To pull a trailer correctly. This helps your time-tested. and see your information can be state or provincial police.000 lbs. If yours than 2. Trailering means changes (800 km) your new vehicle is driven. safe trailering takes correct equipment. A good source for this GM dealer the advice in this part. (900 kg). in handling. and it has to be used properly. But trailering is different thanjust 0 Don’t tow a trailer at all during the first 500 miles driving your vehicle by itself. follow also where you’ll be driving. engine and other parts of your vehicle wear in atthe Many of these are important for your safety and that of heavier loads.000 lbs. as many are. durability and fuel economy. for important information about towing a trailer with your vehicle. your passengers. it’s ready about sway controls. 0 Then. don’t drive over 50 mph (80 km/h) and That’s the reason for this part. during the first 500 miles (800 km) that you tow a trailer. Your engine. axle or other parts could be damaged. having to do with trailering. You can ask a hitch dealer was built with trailering options.

Just drive in FOURTH (4) gear (or. (2 497 kg) a trailer.73 5. 4. buildup and extend the life of your transmission. (1 8 16 kg) Auto. If you have an automatic transmission.000 Ibs.If 2-Wheel Drive.000 lbs. 3.500 lbs. when towing a trailer.500 lbs.it can also depend on any special equipment that you have on your vehicle.42 4. Trans. For additional optional equipment.000 lbs. outside the tow vehicle must be subtracted from the maximum temperature and how much your vehicle is usedto pull a trailer weight. The weight of It depends on how you plan to use your rig. 3. lower gear). (2 270 kg) the weight of the trailer tongue 4-Wheel Drive. speed.08 4. Manual Trans. 3. it’s betternot to use FIFTH (5) gear. a 2-Wheel Drive. as you need to.42 4. road grades. Trans. 3. a lower gear) weigh. Manual Trans. 4-48 . 3. Operating your vehicle in DRIVE (D)when towing a trailer will minimize heat Vehicle AxleRatioTrailer Wt. passengers and cargo in example. trailer are all important.500 Ibs.08 .000 lbs. (1 8 16 kg) Three important considerations have to do with weight: 4-Wheel Drive. 3. (1 816 kg) you have a manual transmission and you are towing Auto. 0 and the weight on your vehicle’s tires. 3. And. (1 8 16 kg) Weight of the Trailer Maximum trailer weight is calculated assuming the driver and one passenger are in the tow vehicle andit How heavy can a trailer safely be? has all the required traileringequipment. you should The following chart shows how much your trailer can use DRIVE (D)(or. (2 270kg) the weight of the trailer. as you need to. altitude. based upon your vehicle model and options.42 5.42 5.

In Canada. write to: General Motors of Canada Limited Customer Assistance Center 1908 Colonel Sam Drive Oshawa. After you’ve loaded your trailer. 4-49 . See “Loading hitch. or you can write us atthe address listed in your Warranty and Owner Assistance Information Booklet. If they aren’t. And if you will tow a trailer. The Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW) includes the curb weight of the vehicle. to see if the weights are proper. any cargo you may carry in it. you may be able to get them right simply by moving some items around in the trailer. the trailer tongue (A) should weigh 12 percent of Your Vehicle” in the Index for more information about the total loaded trailer weight(B). If you have a weight-distributing vehicle will be carrying that weight. you tongue (A) should weigh 10 percent of the total loaded must add the tongue load to the GVW because your trailer weight (B). Ontario L 1H 8P7 Weight of the Trailer Tongue A B The tongue load (A) of any trailer is an important weight to measure because it affects the total or gross weight of your vehicle.You can ask your dealer for our trailering information or advice. separately. weigh the trailer and then the tongue. your vehicle’s maximum load capacity. and the people who will be If you’re using a weight-carrying hitch. too. the trailer riding in the vehicle.

This equipment is And. 4-50 . Always properly mounted. Instructions few reasons why you’ll need the right hitch. when loaded.Cross the safety chains under the tongue It’s important to have the correct hitch equipment. Dirt Index. Here are about safety chains may be provided by the hitch some rules to follow: manufacturer or by the trailer manufacturer. weight-distributing hitch and leave just enough slack so you can turn with your rig. Followthe 0 If you’ll be pulling a trailer that. or see “Tire Loading” in the vehicle (see “Carbon Monoxide” in the Index). sway control of the proper size. limit for your vehicle. will manufacturer’s recommendation for attaching safety weigh more than 2. Then besure you don’t go overthe GVW and water can. monoxide (CO) from your exhaust can get into your above the door latch. of the trailer so that the tongue will not drop to the road Crosswinds. large trucks going by and rough roads are a if it becomes separated from thehitch. (900 kg). deadly carbon Certificationmire label on the driver’s door edge.Total Weight on Your Vehicle’s Tires Will you have to make any holes in the body of your vehicle when you install a trailer hitch? If you do. including the weight of the trailer tongue. too. Safety Chains Hitches You should always attach chains between your vehicle and your trailer. Be sure your vehicle’s tiresare inflated to the limit then be sure to seal the holes later whenyou remove for cold tires. very important for proper vehicle loading and good handling when you’re driving. be sure to use a chains and do not attach them to the bumper. If you don’t seal them. You’ll find these numbers on the the hitch. never allow safetychains to drag on the ground.000 Ibs.

death. Otherwise.) To maximize your safety when towing a trailer: 0 The trailer’s brake system will use less than 0 Have your exhaust system inspected €or 0. This will bring fresh. (See “Comfort Controls” in the Index. If everything checks out this far.and they must be adequate. carbon monoxide hydraulic brake system only if: (CO) could come into yourvehicle. then makethe brake 0 If exhaust does come into your vehicle fluid tap at the port on the master cylinder that sends through a window in the rear or another fluid to the rear brakes. You could even lose your brakes. If you hr ! a most wiow 01 I and you Your trailer’s brake system can tap into the vehicle’s pull a trailer with your vehicle.000 lbs. If you do.02 cubic inch (0. it will bend and finally break off. main steel brake tubing. (See “Engine Exhaust” in the Index. starting on your trip.000 psi (20 650 kPa) of pressure.3 cc) of fluid from your vehicle’s leaks. then it needs its own brakes -. drive with your front. outside air into your vehicle. But don’t use copper tubing for this. both braking systems won’t work well. Use opening.Trailer Brakes Driving with a Trailer If your trailer weighs more than 1. (450 kg) - loaded. You can’t see o r smell CO. It can cause unconsciousness or 0 The trailer parts can withstand 3. and make necessary repairs before master cylinder. adjust and maintain them properly. Do not use MAX A/C because it only recirculates the air inside yourvehicle. Be sure to read and follow the instructions for A CAUTION: the trailer brakes so you’ll be able to install.) 4-51 . e Keep the rear-most windows closed. heating orcooling system on and with the fan on any speed.

And. Passing Before you start. check the trailer hitch and platform You’ll need more passing distance up ahead when (and attachments). if possible. During your trip. Acquaint yourself with thefeel of Stay at least twiceas far behind the vehicle aheadas you handling and braking withthe added weight of the would when driving your vehicle withouta trailer. Hold the bottom of the steering wheel with one hand. move your are still working. and that the lamps and any trailer brakes to the left. safety chains. because you’rea good deal lamps. Following Distance Before setting out for the open road. start your vehicle and trailer moving and passed vehicle before you can return to your lane. This lets you check your Backing Up electrical connection at thesame time. To move the trailer to the right. This trailer. then apply the trailer brake controllerby hand to be sure the brakes are working. check occasionallyto be sure that the Then. to move the trailer to the left. you’ll wantto get to know your rig. you’re towing a trailer. have someone guide you. electrical connector. Always back up slowly and. If the trailer has longer. you’ll need togo much farther beyond the electric brakes. just move that hand load is secure. tires and mirroradjustment.Towing a trailer requires a certain amount of experience. 4-52 . hand to the right. responsive as your vehicle is by itself. And always keep in mind thatthe vehicle you are can help you avoid situations that require heavy braking driving is now a good deal longer and not nearly as and sudden turns.

telling other drivers you’re about to turn. your vehicle hasto have extra wiring and a heavy-duty turn signal flasher (included in NOTICE: the optional trailering package). If you don’t shift down. the trailer lamps willalso flash. Thus. Driving On Grades Reduce speed and shift to a lower gear before you start down a long or steep downgrade. Do this so your trailer won’t strike soft shoulders.Making lhrns Turn Signals When Towing a Trailer When you tow a trailer. Avoid jerky or important to check occasionally to be sure the trailer sudden maneuvers. you might have to use your brakesso much that they would get hot andno longer work well. trees or other objects. change lanes or stop. It’s curbs. Avoid hooked up. bulbs are still working. 4-53 . make wider turns than the trailer are burned out. the green arrows on your instrument panel will flashfor turns even if the bulbs on When you’re turning with a trailer. When towing a trailer. behind you are seeing your signal when theyare not. making very sharp turns while trailering. road signs. Making very sharp turns while trailering could The green arrows on your instrument panel will flash cause the trailerto come in contact with the whenever you signal a turn or lane change. Signal well in advance. Your vehicle could be damaged. Properly vehicle. you may think drivers normal.

or manual transmission out of gear and the parking brake REVERSE (R) for a manual transmission. People can be injured.Then apply your with the automatic transmission in PARK(P) (or the parking brake. similar to engine overheating. on a hill. you should use could start to move. If you have a four-wheel-drive vehicle with a If you do get the overheat warning. If you turn 2. Or. You really should not park your vehicle. if you have a manual transmission.a lower gear). your engine off immediately after towing at high altitude 3. witha trailer attached. Release the regularbrakes. transmission. Reapply the regular brakes.trailer will minimize heat buildup and extend the life of your But if you ever have to park your rigon a hill.not in NEUTRAL (N). If something goes wrong. and then shiftinto PARK (P). besure the transfer Overheating” in the Index. release the on steep uphill grades. shift down and reduce your Parking on Hills speed to around 45 mph (70 k m h ) to reduce the possibility of engine and transmission overheating. just drive in 1. how to do it: it’s better notto use FIFTH ( 5 ) gear. To avoid this. here’s transmission. When the wheel chocks are in place. 5 . Have someone placechocks under the trailer wheels. lower temperature than at normal altitudes. Operating your your vehicle and the trailer can be damaged. as you need to. see “Engine manual transfer case shift lever. your vehicle may show signs regular brakes until the chocks absorb the load. and both DRIVE (D) when towing a trailer. let the engine run while parked (preferablyon level ground) 4. case is in a drive gear -. PARK (P) yet. vehicle in DRIVE (D) when towing a. but don’t shiftinto FOURTH (4) gear (or. Apply your regular brakes. Then turn your wheelsinto the consider the following: Engine coolant will boil at a curb if facing downhill or into traffic if facing uphill.On a long uphill grade. applied) for a few minutes before turning the engine off. 6 . your rig If you have an automatic transmission. or into gear for a manual When towing at highaltitude on steep uphill grades. 4-54 .

4-55 . Stop and have someone pick up and store the chocks. Let up on the brake pedal. - of your vehicle if the shift leveris not fully inPARK (P) with the When You Are Ready to Leave After Parking ona Hill 1. when you’re on fairly level ground. If you have four-wheel drivewith a manual transfer case shift lever and your transfer case is in NEUTRAL (N). that follow. parking brake firmlyset. injured. be roll. Your vehiclecan roll. You or others could be Release the parking brake. use the steps 3. even 2. your vehicle will be free to PARK (P). Apply your regular brakes and hold the pedal down while you: 0 Start your engine. Drive slowly until the trailer is clear of the chocks. So. even if your shift lever is in sure the transfer case -- is in a drive gear not in NEUTRAL (N). and If you have left the engine running. 4. To be sure yourvehicle won’t move. the vehicle can move suddenly. 0 Shift into a gear.A CAUTION: - It canbe dangerous to get out .

See the Maintenance Schedule for more wiring harness to your trailer. along the passenger-side frame crossmember on two-door vehicles or on the driver’s side corner frame Securely attach the harnessto the trailer. The light duty trailer wiring isa six-wire harness assembly. 4-56 . If you’re trailering. 0 BROWN: Taillamps and parking lamps. Check periodically to see that all hitch nuts and bolts are tight. Trailer Wiring Harness 0 DARK GREEN: Right stoplamp and turn signal. Be sure you leave trailer wiring has a 30-amp feed wire with an inlinefuse it loose enough so the wiring doesn’t bendor break. harness in its original place. cooling system auxiliary wiring. The harnesses are stored under the 0 WHITE (Light Gage):Auxiliary stoplamp. engine oil. The heavy duty strap it to your vehicle’s frame rail. then tapeor crossmember on four-door vehicles. 0 LIGHT GREEN: Back-up lamps (eight-wire harness only). belt. starter solenoid (eight-wire harness only). Things that are especially important in trailer operation are automatic transmission fluid (don’t 0 DARK BLUE: Use for electric trailer brakes or overfill). See “Fuses and Circuit but not so loose that it drags on the ground. it’sa good idea to review these sections before you start your trip. harness assembly. and brake adjustment. on this. Wrap the harness together and tie it neatly so it won’t be damaged. 0 YELLOW Left stoplamp and turn signal. Each ofthese is covered in this 0 RED: Use for battery charging. The heavy duty trailer wiring is an eight-wire 0 WHITE (Heavy Gage):Ground wire. Store the Breakers” in the Index. vehicle. located by thejunction block. The technician can Your vehicle will need service more often when you’re use the following colorcode chart when connecting the pulling a trailer. and the Index will help you find them quickly. axle lubricant.Maintenance When Trailer Towing Both harnesses have noconnector and should be wired by a qualified electrical technician. it connects to the manual.

NOTES 4-57 .

NOTES 4-58 .

Hazard Warning Flashers Press the button on top of the steering column all the way down to make your front and rear turn signal lamps flash on and off. 5-1 . They can occur on the road. Section 5 Problems on the Road Here you’ll find what to do about some problems that Your hazard warning flashers let you warn others. and even if the key isn’t in. To turn off the flashers. press the button until the first click and release. Your front and rear turn signal lamps will flash on and off. also let police know youhave a problem. Your hazard warning flashers work no matter what position your key is in.

1. some or If your battery has run down. your turn signals won’t work. Check the other vehicle. And if you have an automatic transmission. But please use the following stepsto do it safely. I Other Warning Devices Batteries can hurt you. NOTICE: Ignoring these stepscould result in costly damage I NOTICE: to yourvehicle that wouldn’t becovered by your warranty. Jump Starting If you don’t follow these stepsexactly. even if you have a manual transmission. This could damage yourvehicle. another vehicle and some jumper cables to start your vehicle.you may want to use all of these things canhurt you. They can be If you carry reflective triangles. They contain gas that can explode or ignite. bothvehicles can be damaged. The flashers will stop if you step on the brake. It must have a 12-volt battery with a negative ground system.When the hazard warningflashers are on. you can set one up dangerous because: at the side of the road about 300 feet (100 m) behind They contain acid that can burnyou. pulling it. your vehicle. itwon’t start thatway. 5-2 . They contain enough electricity to burnyou. If the other systemisn’t a 12-volt system witha Do not try to start yourvehicle by pushing or negative ground.

it could cause a ground connection you don’t want. and the badgrounding could damaged. or accessory power outlets. if you have this you. Keep hands. your warranty. You could be injured if the vehicles roll. This will avoid sparks and help save both batteries. it could be badly start your vehicle. the auxiliary 3. The repair wouldn’t be covered by damage the electrical systems. If you have a four-wheel-drive vehicle with a manual transfer case shift lever. Unplug electric fan under the hood can start up even unnecessary accessories plugged into the cigarette when the engine is not running and can injure lighter.2. as radios. clothing and tools away from option. Turn off all lamps that aren’t needed as well any underhood electricfan. If they are. it could save your radio! 5-3 . but be sure the vehicles aren’t touching NOTICE: each other. In addition. Get the vehicles close enough so the jumper cables can reach. You wouldn’t be able to If you leave your radioon. Put an automatic transmission in PARK (P) or a manual transmission in NEUTRAL (N). Set the parking brake firmly on each vehicle. Turn off the ignition on both vehicles. be sure the transfer case is not in NEUTRAL (N). IA CAUTION: \ If your vehicle has airconditioning.

explosive gas couldbe present. add water to take careof that first. missing insulation. Battery fluid contains acid that can burn you. If you don’t.Use a flashlight if the battery and maybeother parts too. 6. Check that thejumper cables don’t have loose or positive (+) and negative (-) terminals on each battery. flush the place with water and get medical help immediately. People have beenhurt doing this. you need more light. You don’t positive (+) cable to the need to add water to the Delco Freedom’ battery positive (+) terminal of installed in everynew GM vehicle. But if a battery the vehicle with the has filler caps. Positive (+) will go to positive (+) and negative (-) will go to negative (-) Using a match near a battery can cause battery or a metal engine part. Don’t connect positive (+) to gas toexplode. Find the 5. Open both hoods and locate the batteries. The vehicles could be damaged too. If they do. there. If you accidentally get it in your eyes or on your skin. Don’t get it onyou. negative (-) or you’ll get a short that woulddamage and some have been blinded. 5-4 . Before you connect the cables.4. here are some basic things you should know. If it is low. you could get a shock. Connect the red Be sure the battery has enough water.be sure the right amount of fluid is dead battery.

of the good battery. but the chance of sparks 8. The other end of the negative cable doesn’t go to Connect it to the the dead battery. Now start the vehicle with the good battery and run the engine for a while. 5-5 . The electrical connection is just as good there. Attach the cable at least 18 inches (45 cm) away from the dead battery. % 7. step. A Y. It goes to a heavy unpainted metal part positive (+) terminal on the engine of the vehicle with the dead battery. 10. Don’t let the other Don’t let the other end touch anything until the next end touch metal. but not near engine parts that move. Now connect the black getting back to the negative (-) cable to battery is much less.

11. Fans or other moving engine parts can injure you + badly. If it still won’t start. Try to start the vehicle with the dead battery. it each other or any other metal. probably needs service. Keep your hands away from moving parts I . Good Battery C. If 12.B once the engines are running. Take care that they don’t touch connections are good. IA/ A. Heavy Metal Engine Part B. Dead Battery 5-6 . Remove the cables in reverse order to prevent it won’t start after a few tries make sure all electrical shorting.

what was damaged. Use T-hooks instead. 0 Never get under your vehicle after it has When the towing service arrives. or special tires and wheels. 0 Never tow with damaged parts not fully secured. turn on the hazard warning flashers. model and year of your vehicle. If there was an accident. To help avoid injury to you or others: The make. 5-7 .Before you do anything. tell the towing service: Whether your vehicle has rear-wheel drive. transmission and shift the transfer case. side when towinga vehicle. aero skirting. have one. . I A CAUTION: - four-wheel drive or all-wheel drive. know that this manual contains these towing 0 Always use separate safety chains on each instructions. If your vehicle has been changed since itwas factory-new by adding things like foglamps. these instructions may not be correct. if you 0 Never tow faster than safe or posted speeds. When you call. 0 Never use J-hooks. let the tow operator been liftedby the tow truck.Towing Your Vehicle Try to have a GM dealer ora professional towing service tow your vehicle. See“Roadside Assistance” in the Index. The operator may want to see them. 0 Never let passengers ride in avehicle that is Whether you can move the shift lever for the being towed.

Always use restrictions later in this section or your transmission will T-hooks inserted in the T-hook slots. be sure to follow the speed and distance edges underneath the towedvehicle. The vehicle should be tightly secured with chains or parking brake should be released. This can cause a collision. Do not A vehicle can fall froma car carrierif it isn't use the vehicle's steering column lockfor this. They will damage drivetrain and the drive wheels have to be supported on a dolly. When your vehicle is being towed. if you have one. 5-8 . steel cables before it is transported. If these limitations must be exceeded. The steering wheel should be clamped in a straight-ahead position with a clamping device designed for towing service. transmission should be inNEUTRAL (N) and the serious personal injury and vehicle damage. Never use be damaged. The adequately secured. If the vehicle must be towedon the canvas webbing. leather straps. should be in 2HI.etc. unless you must. then J-hooks. Don't have your vehicle towed on the drive wheels Don't use substitutes (ropes.) that can be cutby sharp drive wheels. The transfer case. have the ignition key turned to the OFF position. suspension components.

Additional ramping may be required for car carrier equipment.Front Towing Tow Limits -.35 mph (56 k d ? ) . Use safety chains and wheel straps. 5-9 . or car carrierequipment. Damage can occur fromvehicle to ground orvehicle to wheel-lift equipment. To help avoid damage. Towing a vehicle over rough surfaces could damage a vehicle. Do not attach winch cablesor J-hooks to suspension components when usingcar carrier I equipment. . Use wheel lift when towing from the front. Always use T-hooksinserted in the T-hook slots. 50 miles (80 kin) NOTICE: Vehicles with the all-wheel-drive or four-wheel-drive Do not tow with sling-type equipmentor option must usea towing dolly under therear wheels fascia/fog lamp damagewill occur. installa towing dolly and raise the vehicle until adequate clearanceis obtained between the ground and/or wheel-lift equipment.

Towing a vehicle over rough surfaces could damage a vehicle. 50 miles (80 km) NOTICE: Vehicles with the all-wheel-drive orfour. Additional ramping may be required for car carrier equipment. Always use . .T-hooks inserted in the T-hook slots. Do not attach winch cablesor J-hooksto suspension components when using car' carrier equipment. Use safety chains and wheel straps. Damage can occur fromvehicle to ground or vehicle to wheel-lift equipment. To help avoid damage.Rear Towing Tow Limits -. install a towing dolly and raise the vehicle until adequate clearanceis obtained between the ground and/orwheel-lift equipment.wheel-drive Do not tow with sling-type equipment or rear option must use a towing dolly under thefront wheels bumper valance damagewill occur. Use wheel lift when towing from the real: or car carrier equipment.35 mph (56 k h ) .

Steam from an overheated engine can burn you If Steam Is Coming From Your Engine badly. the liquids in it can catch fire. I NOTICE: If your engine catches fire because you keep driving with no coolant. yourvehicle can be badly damaged.Engine Overheating You will find a coolant temperaturegage on your vehicle’s instrument panel. even if you just open thehood. You or others could be badly burned. Stay away - :/.: from the engineif you see or hear steam coming from it. Thecostly repairs would not be covered by your warranty.. and get out of the vehicle until the engine iscool. Stop your engine if it overheats. If you keep drivingwhen your engine is overheated. Wait until there is no sign of steam or coolant before opening the hood. Just turn itoff and get everyone away from the vehicle until it cools down. 5-11 .

until the engine speed is about twice as fast as normal idle speed. Sometimes you can drive normally. If the warning doesn’t come back on. 5-12 . push the accelerator Idle for long periods in traffic. if you still have the warning.If No Steam Is Coming FromYour Engine If you no longer have the overheat warning. steam. idle speed after two or three minutes. until it cools down. See “Driving on Grades” in the Index.drive slower for about If you get the overheat warning butsee or hear no 10 minutes. Turn on your heater to full hot at the highest fan You may decide not to lift the hood but to get service speed and open the window as necessary. Bring the engine speed back to normal Tow a trailer. try this for a minute or so: turn o f t h e engine and get everyone out of the vehicle 1. shift to the highest gear while driving -. you can drive. If there’s still no sign of steam. and park your Climb a long hill on a hot day. vehicle right away. Stop after high-speed driving. the problem may not be too serious. the engine can get a little too hot when you: If the warning continues. otherwise. But then. pull over. Turn off your air conditioner. Just to be safe. shift to NEUTRAL (N). 2. stop. 3. help right away.AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (@) or DRIVE (D) for automatic transmissions. If you’re in a traffic jam. Nowsee if the If you get the overheat warning with no signof steam. warning stops.

A. Engine Fan 5-13 . the auxiliary electric fan under the hood can startup even when the engineis not running and can injure you. here's what you'll see: If your vehicle hasair conditioning. don't do anything else until it cools down. clothing andtools away from any underhood electricfan. Coolant Recovery Tank B. If the coolant inside the coolant recovery tank is boiling.When you decide it's safeto lift the hood. Radiator Pressure Cap C. Keep hands.

If it NOTICE: isn't. it could lose all coolant. start the engine again. Don't run theengine if there isa leak. Turn off theengine. you may have a leak in the radiator hoses. water pump or somewhere else in the Engine damage from running your engine cooling system. and other engine parts. If you do. you can be burned. If it doesn't. That could cause an engine fire. andyou could be burned. without coolant isn't coveredby your warranty. heater hoses. radiator. If there seems to beno leak. If you run the engine. Get any leakfixed before you drive thevehicle. See if the fan speed increases whenidle speed is doubled by pushing the accelerator pedaldown. Don't touch them. can bevery hot. your vehicle needs service. Heater and radiatorhoses. L The coolant level should be at the ADD mark. 5-14 .

How to Add Coolant to the Coolant Recovery Tank 1 NOTICE: If you haven’t found a problem yet. With plain water or the wrongmix. but the coolant level isn’t at the ADD mark. heater core and other parts. add a 50/50 mixture of clean In cold weather. Plain water. can boil before the proper coolant mix will. Use a 50/50 mix of clean water and DEX-COOL antifreeze. radiator. TM 5-15 . or some other liquid like alcohol. Your vehicle’s coolant warning system is set for the proper coolantmix. (orange-colored. (See “Engine Coolant” in the Index for coolant mix. more kformation ) Adding only plain water to your cooling system can be dangerous. water can freeze and crack the water (preferably distilled) and DEX-COOL TM engine. silicate-free) antifreeze at the coolant Use the recommended coolant and the proper recovery tank. Your engine could catch fire and you or others could be burned. your engine could get too hotbut you wouldn’t get the overheat warning.

includingthe radiator pressure engine parts. andif you turn the radiator -. Don’t spill coolant ona hot engine. is hot. Neverturn the capwhen the YOL-an be burnedif you spill coolant on hot cooling system. If the overheat warning continues. When the coolant in thecoolant recovery tank is at ADD. start your vehicle. but besure the cooling system is cool before you do it. You can add the proper coolantmix directly to the radiator. turn the pressurecap.I A CAUTION: CAI JTTON: (Continued) at high speed. I A CAUTION: E t am and scalding liqu--_J from ~ a hot cooling system canblow out and burnyou badly. Wait for thecooling system and and itwill burn if the engine parts are hot * radiator pressure cap to cool if you ever have to enough. They are under pressure. -- pressure cap even a little they can comeout CAUTION: (Continued) 5-16 . there’sone more thing you can try. Coolant contains ethyleneglycol cap.

(Don’t press down while turning the pressure cap. 1. 5-17 .) If you hear a hiss. You can remove the radiator pressure cap when the cooling system. including the radiator pressure cap and upper radiator hose. is no longer hot. but now push down as you turn it. Turn the pressure cap slowly counterclockwise until it first stops. Remove the pressure cap. A hiss means there is still some pressure left. Then keep turning the pressure cap.How to Add Coolant to the Radiator A 2. wait for that to stop.

3. 5. Fill the radiator with the proper mix. of the filler neck. up to the base 4. Then fill the coolant recovery tank to the ADD mark. Put the cap back on the coolant recovery tank. but leave the radiator pressure cap off. 5-18 .

6. . Watch out for the this procedure if coolant begins to flow out of the engine fan. Be sure the 7. reinstall the pressurecap.If the level is lower. add more of the proper mix through the filler neck until the level reaches the base of the filler neck.' Then replace the pressure cap. filler neck may be lower. By this time the coolant level inside the radiator arrows on the pressure cap line up like this. filler neck. 5-19 . At any time during upper radiator hose getting hot. Start the engine and let it run until you can feel the 8.

the clutch is not engaged. If air goes more air to cool the engine. trailer towingand/or high outside If a front tire fails. This is normal and should not be mistaken asthe Steer to maintain lane position. It will go away as the fan clutch disengages. accelerator pedal and grip the steering wheel firmly. In any rear blowout. This improves But if you should ever have a “blowout. It is a stop well out of the traffic lane. If a tire goes flat. and then gently brake to transmission slipping or making extra shifts. So you may hear an increase in fan noise. When It’s unusual for a tire to “blow out” while you’re driving. the flat tire willcreate a drag that temperatures. the fan spins faster to provide especially if you maintain your tires properly. butyou can still steer.Engine Fan Noise If a Tire Goes Flat This vehicle has a clutched engine cooling fan. 5-20 . it’s much more likelyto leak out slowly. a skid and may require the same correction you’d use in a skid. steering the way you want the vehicleto go. Take your foot off the engages.” here area few fuel economy and reducesfan noise. conditions. acts much like required and the clutchdisengages. the clutch is engaged. the’fan speed increases when the clutch pulls the vehicle toward thatside. particularly on a curve. In most every day driving out of a tire. It may be very bumpy and noisy. merely the cooling system functioning properly. Under heavy tips about what to expect and whatto do: vehicle loading. Gently brake to a stop -. remove yourfoot from the You may also hear this fan noise when you start the accelerator pedal. The fan will slow down whenadditional cooling is not A rear blowout.well off the road if possible. the next partshows how to use your jacking equipment to change a flat tire safely. Getthe vehicle under control by engine.

CAUTION: (Continued) The following steps will tell you how to use the jack and change a tire. 3.Changing a Flat Tire CAUTION: (Continued) If a tire goes flat. If you have a four-wheel-drive vehicle with a manual transfer case shift lever. Put an automatictransmission shift lever in PARK (P) or shift a manual transmission to FIRST (1) or REVERSE (R). The vehicle can slipoff the jack and roll overyou or other people. Turn on your hazard 4. 2. 5-21 . Find a level place to change your tire.To help prevent the vehicle from moving: 1. Set the parking brakefirmly. Put the wheel blocks at the front and rear of the tire farthest away from the one being changed. at the opposite end. be sure the transfer case is in a drive -- gear not in NEUTRAL(N). That would be the tire on the other sideof the vehicle. 5. Turn off the engine. avoid further tire and wheel damage by driving slowly to a level place. warning flashers. You and they could be badly injured. Changing a tire can cause an injury.

wheel wrench. you may have to I remove the spare tire in order to reach the jack. Your Never remove or restow a tirefrodto a vehicle is also equipped with workgloves and a plastic stowage position under the vehicle while the ground mat to assist in the changing of a flat tire. when restowing. Always tighten the tire fully against the underside of the vehicle To remove yourjack cover. vehicle is supportedby a jack. pull up on the latchat the end of the cover. insert the chisel endof the wheel wrench. Be sure the chisel end of the wheel wrench connects into the hoist shaft. depending on where it is mounted on your vehicle. near the endgate and the latch on the top of the cover. In some cases. * The following instructions explain how to remove the spare tire.jack and underbody-mounted spare.Removing the Spare Tire andTools The jacking equipment you'll need is stored along the NOTICE: driver's rear wall. on an angle. into the hole inthe rear bumper. 5-22 . Remove To remove the the wheel blocks.

When the tire has been completely lowered. Put the spare tire near the flat tire. Unhook the tire from the mounting bracket and remove the cover.Turn the wheel wrench counterclockwise to lower the The locking wheel nut can spare tire. tilt the retainer at the end of the cable and pull it through the wheel opening. the tire must the lock case straight off. It is not necessary to turn To remove an inside-mounted spare tire. Pull the tire out from under the vehicle. rubber weather cover off the face of the lock case. Keep turning the wheel wrench until the spare be removed by snappingthe tire can be pulled out from under the vehicle. To remove a rear-mounted spare tire. first make sure that the carrier arm is fully latched to the endgate. do not drive the vehicle before the cableis restored. Insert the key and pull If you have an inside-mounted spare tire. Remove it and the retainer. reach into your tire’s cover and unscrew the wing nut at the center of the wheel. be removed in order to have access to the jack storage. 5-23 . Then remove the spare tire cover. I NOTICE: I To help avoid vehicle damage.

nuts.1 The tools you'll be using include thejack (A) and wheel If you have individual wheel nut caps that cover each wrench (B). they must be removed in order to get to the wheel cap removal tool. Your wheel nut caps may attach your hubcap to the wheel. Remove these wheel nut caps before you take off the hub cap. Use the socket endof the wheel wrench to remove the wheel nut caps. 5-24 . Your vehicle may also have an optional hub nut.

Turn the jack handle clockwise to raise the lift head. pry it off with thechisel end of your wheel wrench. 2. Position the hub cap removal tool in the notch and pull straightaway from the wheel to avoid potential damage to the hub cap and wheel surface. fit these imitation nuts. Some of the molded plastic hub caps have imitation wheel nuts molded into them. Using the wheel wrench. so don't try to remove them with Don't remove them yet. The optional hub cap Removing the Flat Tire and removal tool is stowed with Installing the Spare Tire the jack. If you have an aluminum or plastic molded hub cap. loosen all the wheel nuts. 5-25 . Remove the hub cap. the socket end of the wheel wrench. The wheel wrench won't 1.

Never get under a vehicle when it is supported only by a jack. Front Frame Hole raising your vehicle.jackedupis dangerous. Rear Frame Hole (2-Door) or Spring Hanger Hole (4-Door) 5-26 .3. If the vehicle slips off the jack.Be sure to fit the jack lift head into the proper location before A. Fit the jack into the appropriate hole nearest the flat tire.w n i .you could be badlyinjured or killed. B. NOTICE: Raising your vehicle with the jack improperly positioned will damage thevehicle or may allow the vehicle to fall off the jack. Gc ing under: ehj .

to get all the rustor dirt off. remove any rust or dirt from the places where the wheel attaches to thevehicle. When you change a wheel. A CAUTION: 4. 6. In an emergency. mounting surfaces and spare wheel. Raise the vehicle far enoughoff the ground so there is Rust or dirton thewheel. which it is fastened. can make the wheel nuts become loose after a time. 5-27 . or on the parts to enough room for the spare tire to fit. The wheel could come 5. Remove all the wheel nuts and take off the flat tire. if you need to. off and cause an accident. butbe sure touse a scraper orwire brush later. Remove any rust or dirt from the wheel bolts. Raise the vehicle by turning the jack handle clockwise. you can use a cloth or a paper towel to do this.

use the wheel wrench and see your dealer as soon as possible. Place the spare on the wheel mounting surface. Your wheel could fall off. Lower thejack completely. is held against the hub. If a nut can't be turned by hand.'A CAUTION: Never use oilor grease on studs or nuts. Tighten each nut by 9. 1 8. 7. If you do. Make sure the cone-shaped end is toward the wheel. 5-28 . causinga serious accident. Put the nuts on by hand. the nuts might come loose. Lower the vehicle by turning the jack handle hand until the wheel counterclockwise.

Incorrect wheel nuts or improperly tightel I wheel nuts can cause the wheel to becomeloose and even come off. 95 lb-ft (130 Nom). If you have to new GM original to replace them. To avoid expensive brake repairs. 5-29 . Stop somewhere assoon as you can and have 10. Use the wrench to tighten the wheel nuts firmly in a the nuts tightenedwith a torque wrench to crisscross sequence as shown. be sure get equipment wheel nuts. evenly tighten the wheel nuts in the proper sequence and to the proper torque specification. I NOTICE: Improperly tightenedwheel nuts can lead to brake pulsation and rotor damage. This could lead to an accident. Be sure touse the correctwheel nuts.

3. through the hole in the rear bumper and into the hoist shaft. Pull the retainer through the wheel. E. a tire or other equipment in the (Pointed Down) passenger compartmentof the vehicle could C .neT n 4 s Follow this diagram to store the underbody-mounted spare. Spring equipment could strike someone. but pull on the tire to make sure. A.. 2. Store all these in the proper place. with the valve stem pointed down andto the rear. Spare Tire cause injury. Put the chisel end of the wheel wrench. on an angle. 5-30 . Raise H. In a suddenstop or collision.Storing a Flator Spare Tire -. WheelWrench E Lower cTD B G. loose D. You will hear two “clicks” when the tire is secure. Put the tire on the ground at the rear of the vehicle. Hoist Arm 1. Valve Stem Storing ajack. Turn the wheel wrench clockwise until the tire is raised againstthe underside of the vehicle. Retainer B.

Hook wheel. Follow this diagram for the rear-mounted spare. Nut C. Retainer (Two-Wheel Drive) B. Thespecial lug nut and lock case is not intended to be used on any road G . only on the spare wheel carrier.the 1ock:Push E Wheel Carrier the lock case to be sure it is secured.Follow this diagram for the inside-mounted spare. Tighten the nuts to 22 to 32 lb-ft (30 to 40 N-m). Retainer (Four-wheel Drive) The key does not have to be inserted into. Wheel Carrier B. 5-31 . Spare Tire A. Wheel Nut and Locking Nut Cylinder D. Then push the lock case ontothe lug nut until it stops. E. D A. Spare Tire C. Cover Reinstall the locking wheel nut usingthe wheel wrench.

Return thejack. Hub Cap Removal (Some Models) Tool (Some Models) C. Jack Storage Cover J. Mat I. Rubber Band G. Jacking Instructions 5-32 . Work Gloves H. Driving with the tire or carrier unlatched could injure pedestriansor damage the vehicle. Secure the items and replace thejack cover. Retainer E WheelBlocks B. Jack E. wheel wrench and wheel blocks to the proper location in your vehicle’srear area. I A CAUTION: Make sure the tire and carrier are secure. Wheel Wrench D. A.

The method known as vehicle as well as the tires.If You’re Stuck: In Sand. If you let your tires spinat high speed. thej In explode. If you spin the wheels “rocking” can help you get out when you’re stuck. That could cause an engine compartment fire or other damage. and you or others could be injured. Ice or Snow NOTICE: What you don’t want to do when your vehicle is stuck is Spinning your wheels can destroy parts of your to spin your wheels too fast. the transmission or other partsof the vehicle can overheat. A CAUTION: For information about using tirechains on your vehicle. see “Tire Chains” in the Index. And. but too fastwhile shifting your transmission back you must use caution. spin the wheels as little as possible. When you’re stuck. Mud.you can destroy your transmission. and forth. 5-33 . Don’t spin the wheels above35 mph (55 k m h ) a sshown on the speedometer.

see “Towing Your Vehicle” in the Index. spinning the wheels as little as possible. and presslightly on the accelerator pedal when the transmission is in gear. i Your vehicle may be equipped with recovery hooks. Release the accelerator pedal while you shift. The recovery hooks are provided at thefront of your vehicle. You may need to use them if you’re stuck off-road and need to be pulled to some place where you can continue driving.Rocking your vehicle to get it out: Using the Recovery Hooks First. you may need to be towed out. If you do need to be towed out. and forth betweenREVERSE (R) and a forward gear (or with a manual transmission. you can use your recoveryhooks if your vehicle has them. between FIRST(1) or SECOND (2) and REVERSE(R)). If that doesn’t getyou out after a few tries. turn your steering wheel left and right. Or. That will clear the area around your front wheels. 5-34 .“ . Then shift back .

Never pull on the hooksat a sideways angle. 5-35 . Your vehicle could be damaged and itwould not be covered by warranty. NOTICE: Never use the recovery hooksto tow the vehicle.The recoveryhooks. The hooks could break off and you or otherscould be injured from the chain or cable snapping back. when used. Always pullthe vehicle straight out.are undera lot of force.

NOTES 5-36 .

and a part devoted to its appearance care. 6-1 . We hope you’ll go to your dealer for all your service needs. Service Your GM dealer knows your vehicle best and wantsyou to be happy with it. You’ll getgenuine GM parts and GM-trained and supported service people. Section 6 Service and Appearance Care Here you will find information about the care of your We hope you’ll want to keep your GM vehicle allGM vehicle. This section begins with service and fuel Genuine GM parts have one of these marks: information. There is also technical information about your vehicle. and then it shows how to check important fluid and lubricant levels.

parts can later break or fall off. Your vehicle has anair bag system. 6-2 . bolts and perform. It tellsyou much more about howto service your vehicle than this manual You can be injured and yourvehicle could be can. vehicle without knowing enough about it. Before attempting to Be sure you have sufficient knowledge. other fasteners. you’ll A CAUTION: want to get the proper service manual. You could be hurt. do your own service work. the mileage and the dateof any service workyou Be sure to use the proper nuts.Doing Your Own Service W( If you want to do some of your own service work. see “Servicing Your Air experience. If you use the wrong fasteners.see “Service damaged if you try to do service work aon and Owner Publications” in the Index. See “Maintenance Record” in the Index. parts andtools beforeyou attempt any You should keep a record with all parts receipts and list vehicle maintenance task. “English” and 44metric” fasteners canbe easily confused. and the proper replacement Bag-Equipped Vehicle” in the Index. To order the proper service manual.

In the event it is determined that the Be sure the posted octane is at least 87. repairs less than 87. it Use regular unleaded gasoline rated at 87 octane or is designed to operate og fuels that meet California higher.Fuel If your vehicle is certified to meet California Emission Standards (indicated on the underhood tune-up label). return to your emission control system protection compared to authorized GM dealer for diagnosis to determine the other gasolines. your engine needs service. If it’s bad enough. you may get a heavy knocking noise when ‘may not be covered by your warranty. it should meet specifications specifications. It’s the heavy. Improved gasoline specifications have been will operate satisfactorily on fuels meeting federal developed by the American Automobile Manufacturers specifications. some gasolines contain an octane enhancing If you’re using fuel rated at 87 octane or higher and you additive called MMT. At a minimum. In Canada. return to your and you don’t have to buy a higher octane fuel to get rid authorized GM dealer for service. panel may turn on. The malfunction indicator lamp on and engine protection. it can damage your engine. 6-3 . If you see such fuels. your still hear heavy knocking. If this occurs. of pinging. Gasolines meeting the AAMA your instrument panel may turn on and/or your vehicle specification could provide improved driveability and may fail a smog-check test.5-M93 adopting California emissions standards. That’s normal. you drive. If such fuels are not available in states ASTM D4814 in the United States and CGSB 3. cause of failure. but emission control system performance Association (AAMA) for better vehicle performance may be affected. If the octane is cause of the condition is thetype of fuels used. emission control system performance may deteriorate But don’t worry if you hear a little pinging noise when and the malfunction indicator lamp on your instrument you’re accelerating or driving up a hill. constant knock that means you have a problem. If this happens. your vehicle in Canada.

suchas ethers recommended in the previous text on fuel. and reformulated gasolines may be caused by use of improper fuel wouldn’t be covered by available in your areato help clean the air. Motors recommends that you use these gasolines if they To check on fuel availability. or comply with the specifications described earlier.To .provide cleaner air. allowing your If you plan on driving i n another country outside the emission control system to function properly. Just tell us where you’re going and give your Vehicle Identification Number (VIN). the proper fuel may be hard to you should not have to add anything to the fuel. Oshawa. ask an auto club. Ontario L 1 H 8P7 . United States or Canada. In find. Never use leaded gasolineor any other fuel not addition. That damage wouldn’t 1908 Colonel Sam Drive be covered under your warranty. Your vehicle was not designed for fuel that contains methanol. NOTICE: You can also write us at the following address for ~~~ ~ advice. Costly repairs and ethanol. metal parts in your fuel system and also damage North American Export Sales (NAES) plastic and rubber parts. contact a major oil company that does business in the country where you’ll be driving. General your warranty.It can corrode General Motors Overseas Distribution Corporation. Therefore. Don’t use it. all gasolinesare now required to Fuels in Foreign Countries contain additives that will help prevent deposits from forming in your engine and fuel system. gasolines containing oxygenates.

Keep sparks. . - Gasoline vapor is highly flammable.Filling Your Tank The fuel cap is behind a hinged door on the driver’s side of your vehicle. 6-5 . It burns violently. To take off the cap. Don’t smoke if you’re near gasolineor refueling your vehicle. flames and smoking materials away from gasoline. and that can cause very bad injuries. turn it slowly to the left JTION: (counterclockwise).

The diagnostic system can determine if the fuel cap has been left offor improperly installed. If you get the wrongtype. “Malfunction Indicator Lamp” in the Index. This would If you get gasolineon yourself and then allow fuel to evaporate into the atmosphere. When you put thecap back on. Gasoline can spray out on you if you open the fuel filler cap tooquickly. See “Cleaning the Outside of Your Vehicle” in the Index. painted surfaces as soon as possible. This spray can happen if your tank is nearly full. Open the fuel filler cap slowly and wait for any“hiss” noise to stop. 6-6 . Clean gasoline from might be damaged. andis more likely in NOTICE: hot weather. be sure toget the right the cap all the way. Make sure you fully install the cap. turnit to the right until you hear at least threeclicks. type. See something ignitesit. Then unscrew If you need a new cap. you could be badlyburned. and your fuel tank andemissions system Be careful not to spill gasoline. it may not fitor have proper venting. Your dealer can get one foryou.

. Things that burn can get on hot engine parts and start a fire.Checking Things Under the Hood To open the hood. . windshield washer and other fluids. oil. and plasticor rubber. have a l n n l that ~ cn'qes *n when you lift t h e hood. 6-7 . Theseinclude liquids likegasoline. brake fluid. first pull the handle inside the vehicle on the lower driver's side of the instrument panel. . . You may secondary hood release. releasethe hood prop from its retainer and Then go to the front of the vehicle and releasethe put the hood prop into the slotin the hood. You or others could be burned. I . coolant. . Be careful not to drop spill or things thatwill burn ontoa hot engine.. : '_* . Lift the hood.

Coolant Recovery Tank I. Air Cleaner D. Battery C. Transmission Dipstick F. Engine Oil Dipstick 6-8 . Power Steering Reservoir B. WindshieldWasherFluid E. Brake Master Cylinder H. Engine Oil Fill G.When you lift the hood. you'll see these items: A.

Before closing the hood. the oil must be warm and the vehicle must be on level ground. Remove it again. In order to get an accurate reading. the Index. return the prop to its retainer. Engine Oil It’s a goodidea to check your engine oil every time you get fuel. Turn off the engine and When to Add Oil give the oil a few minutes If the oil is ator below the ADD line. hood prop. theoil This part explains what kind ofoil to use. But you must use the right kind. Then lift the hood to relieve pressure on the Pull out the dipstick and clean it with a paper towel or. Then just pull the hood downfirmly to close. 6-9 . and check the level. For crankcase dipstick might not show capacity. then push it back in all the way. be sure all the filler caps are on Checking Engine Oil properly. If you don’t. Remove the hood prop from the slot in the hood and keeping the tipdown. pan. It will latch when dropped from 10 to12 inches (25 to 30 cm) without pressing on the hood. then you’ll to drain back into the oil need to add some oil. The oil dipstick is a yellow ring. cloth. see “Capacities and Specifications” in the actual level.

Just fill i. You should also use the proper viscosityoil for your vehicle. be sure you use oil that has the Starburst symbol on the front of the oil container. Do not use any oil which cross-hatched area that shows the proper does not carry this Starburstsymbol. certified for gasoline engines.This symbol . . If you change your own oil. What Kind of Oil to Use NOTICE: Oils recommended for your vehicle can be identified by looking for the “Starburst” symbol. Push the dipstick all the way back in when you’re through.t enough to put the level somewhere in the proper operating range. . be sure the oilput into your engine is American Petroleum Institute .If your engine hasso indicates that theoil has been certified by the American much oil that the oil level gets above the Petroleum Institute (API). as shown in the following chart: 6-10 .If you have youroil changed for you. Don’t-add too much oil. operating range. your engine could be damaged.

or thickness. WOK HOT FOR THIS WEATHER SYMBOL NOTICE: Use only engine oil with the American Petroleum Institute Certified For Gasoline Engines ‘(Starburst” symbol._s_. such as SAE 20W-50. Failure to use the recommended oil can result in engine damage not covered by your warranty. SELECT THE LOWEST to be 0°F (.___ FOR BEST FUEL ECONOMY AND COLD STARTING. Your GM dealer is ready to advise if you think something should be added. SAE 5W-30 is best for your RECOMMENDED SAE VISCOSITY GRADE ENGINE OILS vehicle.. However. Do not use other viscosity oils. Engine Oil Additives Don’t add anything to your oil. you can use SAE IOW-30 if it’s going _____-~ __ . These numbers on an oil SAL VISCOSITY GRADE OLI FOR THE EXPECTED TENRATURERANGE. As shown in the chart. COLD WEATHER DO NOT USE SAE 2OW-50 ORANY OTHER GRADE OIL NOT RECOMMENDED 6-11 ._. -~ -~ container show its viscosity.__. GM Goodwrench@oil meets all the requirements for your vehicle.1SOC) or above.__.

When to Change Engine Oil Remote Oil Filter (Four-Wheel Drive) See if any one of these is truefor you: The access door for the remoteoil filter is in the steering linkage shield assembly located under the radiator e Most trips are less than 5 to 10 miles (8 to 16 km). police. elements that may be unhealthy for your skin and could 0 You operate your vehicle in dusty areasor off-road even cause cancer? Don’t let used oil stay on your skin frequently. If none of them is true. or a good hand cleaner.If any one of these is true for your from the filter before disposal. occurs first. Instead. for very long.500 miles (12 500 km) or 12 months -. Used oil can be a real threat to the environment.If you Driving under these conditions causes engine oil to change your own oil.whichever sewers. recycle it by taking it to a place that collects usedoil.000 miles (5 000 km) or 3 months -.a service station or a local recycling 7. pouring iton the ground. (See your vehicle. taxi of oil products.change the oil and filter every ask your dealer. support. be sure to drain all free-flowing oil break down sooner.whichever center for help. What to Do with Used Oil 0 Most trips include extensive idling (such as frequent Did you know that used engine oil contains certain driving in stop-and-go traffic). This is particularly important when outside temperatures are below freezing. If you have a problem properly disposing of your used oil. then you need to change your oil and filter by putting it in the trash. 6-12 . or into streams or bodies of water. Driving a vehicle with a fully warmed engine under highway conditions causes engine oil to break down slower. Wash or properly throw e You frequently tow a trailer or use a carrier on top of away clothing or rags containing used engine oil.) or other commercial application. the manufacturer’s warnings about the use and disposal e The vehicle is usedfor delivery service. Clean your skin and nails with soap and water. Don’t ever dispose of oil vehicle. Twist the screw to unlock or lock the door. into every 3. occurs first.

remove the wing nuts that hold If the air cleaneris off. I NOTICE: To remove the air cleaner. damaging engine fire. and the engine backfires. into your engine. If it isn’t there. dirt can easily get Insert a new air filter. 6-13 . you could be burned. a backfire can causea the cover on. Remove the cover andlift out the air filter.Don’t drive with it off. then replace the air cleaner cover. Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine when to replace the air filter. Always Tighten the wing nuts to hold the cover in place. And. it stops flame if the engine backfires. and be careful working on the engine with the air cleaneroff. have the air cleaner in placewhen you’re driving. See “Scheduled Maintenance Services” in the Index.Air Cleaner A CAUTION: Operating the enginewith the air cleaneroff can cause you or others to be burned. The air cleaner not only cleansthe air.which will damage it.

especially in hot weather. be sure to follow all the instructions here. Wait at least 30 minutes before checking the 0 Uses such as found in taxi. Automatic Transmission Fluid If you do it yourself. When to Check and Change A good time to check your automatic transmission fluid level is when the engine oil is changed. (82°C to 93°C). When doing frequent trailer towing. See “Scheduled Maintenance Services” in the Index.. 6-14 . In heavy traffic -. conditions. How to Check While pulling a trailer. which is 180°F to 200°F Service Department. Be regularly reaches 90°F (32°C) or higher. Because this operation can bea little difficult. At high speed for quite a while. you To get the right reading. or you could geta false reading on the dipstick. I NOTICE: Change both the fluid and filter every 50. sure to get an accurate reading if you check your 0 In hilly or mountainous terrain. police or delivery service. starting a fire. the fluid should be at normal may choose to have this done at your GMdealer operating temperature.. Too much can mean that some of more of these conditions: the fluid could come out and fall on hot engine In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature parts or exhaust system parts.000 miles Too much or too little fluid can damage your (83 000 km) if the vehicle is mainly driven under oneor transmission. transmission fluid level if you have been driving: If you do not use your vehicle under any of these When outside temperatures are above 90°F (32°C). transmission fluid. . the fluid and filterdo not require changing.

in PARK (P). without shutting off the engine. If it's colder than 50°F ( 10°C). moves and then remains steady for 10 minutes. . 3 A cold check is made after the vehicle has been sitting for eight hours or more with the engine off and is used only as a reference. .. move the shift lever through each gear range. pausingfor about Get the vehicle warmed up by driving about 15 miles three seconds in each range. . place the shift lever wipe it with a clean rag or paper towel. (10°C). Let the engine run at idle for five minutes if outside temperatures are 50°F (10°C) or more.Checking Transmission FluidT'3t 0 With your foot on the brake pedal. Then Then. Flip the handle up and then pull out the dipstick and 0 With the parking brake applied. 6-15 . This will give you a more accurate reading of the fluid level. Then. If it's colder than 50°F (lO"C). 1. . . you may have to idle the engine longer. drive the vehicle in DRIVE (D) until the engine temperature gage Let the engine run at idle for three minutes or more. Checking Transmission Fluid Cold . . . position the shift (24 km) when outside temperatures are above 50°F lever in PARK (P). follow these steps: follow the hot check procedures. Checking the Fluid Hotor Cold 0 Park your vehicle on a level place.. Keep the engine running.. Should the fluid level be low during a cold check. you must perform a hot check before adding fluid.

Don ’t overfill. and read the lower not covered by your new vehicle warranty. . generallyless than a pint. because fluid with that label is made especially for your automatic transmission.” for a hot check. push the 4.2. Damage caused by fluid other than DEXRON@-I11 is 3. down to lock the dipstick in place. It doesn’t take much fluid. then flip the handle dipstick back in allthe way. We recommend you use only fluid labeled DEXR0N’-111. addonly enough of the proper fluid to bring the level upto the HOT area for ahot check. wait three seconds and How to Add Fluid then pull it back outagain. When the correct fluid level is obtained. The fluid level must be in theCOLD area for a After adding fluid. then flip the handle down to lock the dipstick in place. Push it back in all the way. Add fluid only after checking the transmission fluid HOT. If the fluid level is in the acceptable range. (A COLD check is used only as a reference.) If the fluid level is low. push the dipstick back in all the way. level. See “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index. Check both sides of the dipstick. Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what kind of transmission fluid to use. recheck the fluid level as cold check or in the HOT area or cross-hatched area described under “How to Check.

follow these steps: transmission doesn't require changing. be sure to follow all the instructions here. 6-17 . How to Check Because this operation can be a little difficult. parts or exhaust system parts. add more fluid as described in the next steps. 3. you may choose to have this done at your GM dealer's Service Department. Check that the lubricant level is up to the bottom of sure to get an accurate reading if you check your the filler plug hole. If you do it yourself. the fluid in your manual Then. Be 2. If the fluid level is low. However. the vehicle is parked on a level place and the transmission is When to Check cool enough for you to rest your fingers on the transmission case. A good time to have it checked is when the engine oil is changed. Remove the filler plug. install the plug and be sure . or you could get a false reading. If the fluid level is good. I NOTICE: I I . transmission fluid. startinga fire. Too much or too little fluid can dafnage your l transmission. it is fully seated.Manual Transmission Fluid Check the fluid level only when your engine is off. Too much can mean that some of the fluid could comeout and fallon hot engine 1.

.

you’ll need to add some lubricant. Rear Axle When to Check and Change Lubricant Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine how often to check the lubricant and when to change it. See “Scheduled Maintenance Services” in the Index. Add enough lubricant to raise the level to the bottom of the filler plug hole. 6-19 .How to Check How to Check Lubricant The proper fluid should be added if the level does not reach the bottom of the diaphragm when it’s in place in the reservoir. See the instructions on the reservoir cap. If the level is below the bottomof the filler plug hole.

See “Periodic Maintenance If the level is below the bottomof the filler plug hole. 6-20 . you’ll need to add some lubricant. However. See “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index.What to Use How to Check Lubricant ‘Referto the Maintenance Schedule to determine what kind of lubricant to use. Transfer Case When to Check Lubricant Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to dererrnme how often to check the lubricant. Four-wheel Drive and All-Wheel Drive Most lubricant checks in this section also apply to four-wheel-drive vehicles. they have two additional systems that need lubrication. Inspections” in the Index. Add enough lubricant to raise the levelto the bottom of the filler plug hole.

See “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index. If the level is below the bottom of the filler plug hole. add enough lubricant to raise the level to 1/2 inch (12 mm) below the filler plug hole. I f the differential is cold. add enough lubricant to raise the level to the bottom of the filler plug hole. 6-21 . Front Axle When to Check and Change Lubricant Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine how often to check the lubricant and when to change it.What to Use How to Check Lubricant Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what kind of lubricant to use. See “Scheduled Maintenance Services” in the Index. If the differential is at operating temperature (warm). you’ll need to add some lubricant.

whichever occurs first.000 miles (166 000 km). Engine Coolant I 1 NOTICE: The coolingsystem in your vehicle is filled with new DEX-COOL TM (orange-colored. In addition. coolant will require change sooner at -- 30.What to Use 0 Protect against rust and corrosion. The following explains your cooling system and how premature engine. Give boiling protection up to 265 “F (129°C). Lubricants” in the Index. kind of lubricant to use. see “Engine Overheating” in corrosion may result. If silicated coolant is added to the system. See “Recommended Fluids and 0 Let the warning lights and gages work as they should. 6-22 . If you have a problem with engine overheating. This coolant is designed to remain in your DEX-COOL (orange-colored. coolant meeting GM Specification 6277M. silicate-free) TM vehicle for 5 years or 100. silicate-free) engine When adding coolant it is important that you use coolant. Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what Help keep the proper engine temperature.000 miles (50 000 km) or 24 months whichever A 50/50 mixture of water and the proper coolant for occurs first. the engine the Index. your vehicle will: 0 Give freezing protection down to -34°F (-37 “C). heater coreor radiator to add coolant when it is low.

you don’t have to plain water o r the wrong mix. These can be harmful.If you warranty. The GM Engine Coolant Supplement(sealer) (GM Part repair cost wouldn’t be covered by your No. or some other liquid like alcohol. warning. Your engine could catch fire and you or others couldbe burned.What toUse Use a mixture of one-half clean water (preferably NOTICE: distilled) and one-half DEX-COOL TM (orange-. 3634621) with any complete coolant change.g system can be dangerous. heater core and other parts.colored. If you have to add coolant more than four times a year.. and crack the engine. Use a 50/50 mix of clean water andDEX-COOL (orange-colored. Use could overheat and be badly damaged. Adding only plain water to your cooli. can boil before the proper NOTICE: coolant mix will. TM silicate-free) antifreeze. which won’t damage aluminumparts. Plain water. have your dealer check your cooling system. your engine 6277M. you don’t need to add anything else. L 6-23 . your engine could add extra inhibitors or additiveswhich claim to get too hot butyou wouldn’t get the overheat improve the system. Your vehicle’s coolant warning system is set for the proper coolant mix. radiator. Too much water in the mix can freeze use this mixture. silicate-free) antifreeze that meets GM Specification If you use an impropercoolant mix. With If you use the proper coolant.

you will almost never have to add coolant at the radiator. or a little higher. A CAUTION: You can be burned if you spill coolanton hot Adding Coolant engine parts. add the proper mix at the and itwill burn if the engine parts are hot coolant recovery tank. When your engine is cold. If you need more coolant. but be careful not to spill it. Coolant contains ethyleneglycol. Add coolant mix at the recoverytank. Don’t spillcoolant on a hot engine. the coolant level should be at ADD.Checking Coolant A CAUTION: I-- lbrning the radiator pressure capwhen the engine and radiator are hot can allow steam and scalding liquids blow to out and burnyou badly. With the coolant recovery tank. enough. -- Never turn the radiator pressure cap even a -- little when the engine and radiator arehot. When yourengine is warm. 6-24 . the level should be upto FULL HOT. or a little higher.

’ Radiator Pressure Cap NOTICE: Your radiator cap is a15 psi (105 kPa) pressure-type cap and must be tightly installedto prevent coolant loss and possible engine damage from overheating. Thermostat Engine coolant temperature is controlled by a thermostat in the engine coolant system. 6-25 . Be sure the arrows on the cap line up with the overflow tube on the radiator filler neck. The thermostat stops the flow of coolant through the radiator untilthe coolant reaches a preset temperature.

What to Use Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what kind of fluid to use. If necessary.Power Steering Fluid How To Check Power Steering Fluid When the engine compartment is cool. besure to read could indicate a problem. add only enough fluid to bring the level up to the proper range. The level should be between theADD and FULL marks.use a fluid that has sufficient protection against freezing. A fluid loss in this system When you need windshield washer fluid. unscrew the cap and wipe the dipstickwith a clean rag.See “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index. Failure to use the proper fluid cancause leaks and damage hoses and seals. When to Check Power SteeringFluid Windshield Washer Fluid It is not necessary to regularly check power steering What to Use fluid unless you suspect thereis a leak in the system or you hear an unusual noise.If you will be and repaired. Then remove the cap again and look at the fluid level on the dipstick. Replace the cap and completely tighten it. 6-26 . Have the system inspected the manufacturer’s instructions before use. Always use the proper fluid. operating your vehicle in an area where the temperature may fall below freezing.

It can damage your washer system and paint. Also. follow the manufacturer’s instructions for adding water. 0 Fill your washer fluid tankonly 3/4 full when it’s very cold. which could damage thetank if it is completely full. This allows for expansion. windshield washer. Water can cause the solution to freeze and damage your washer fluid tank and other partsof the washer system. 6-27 . e Don’t mix water with ready-to-use washer fluid. Add washer fluid until the tank is full. water doesn’t clean aswell as washer fluid. 0 Don’t use radiator antifreeze in your Open the cap labeled WASHER FLUID ONLY.Adding Washer Fluid NOTICE: 0 When using concentrated washer fluid.

Brakes leaking out of the brake system. So. as necessary. The other reasonis that fluid is Inspections’’ in the Index. Add brake with DOT-3 brake fluid. Adding brake fluid won’t correcta leak. you should have your brake systemfixed. it can spill on the engine.You or others could be burned. You should add (or remove) brake fluid. If it is. The first is that the brake fluid goes down to an acceptable level during normal Refer to the MaintenanceSchedule to determine when to brake lining wear. The fluidwill burn if the engine is hot enough. 6-28 . It is filled and your vehicle could be damaged. See “Periodic Maintenance level goes back up. then you’ll have too much fluid when you get new brake linings. If you add fluid when your linings are worn. only when workis done on the brake hydraulic system. fluid only when work is done on the brake hydraulic system. There are only two reasons why the brake fluid level in the reservoir might go down.or won’t work at all. When new liningsare put in. it isn’t a good idea to “top off’ your brake fluid.ncea leak means that Bra. I A CAUTION: If you havetoo much brakefluid. Your brake master cylinder reservoir is here.ke Fluid sooner or later your brakes won’t work well. the fluid check your brake fluid. si.

Always use the proper brake fluid. This could cause a Just look at the windows on the brake fluid reservoir. may not evenwork at all. your brakes may not work well. 1052535).Checking Brake Fluid After work is done on the brake hydraulic system. and always clean the brake fluid reservoir cap before removing it. Use new brake fluid from a sealed container only. What to Add When you do need brake fluid. have your brake system checked to see if there is a leak. If they arenrt. crash. The fluid levels should be above MIN. make'sure the levels are above MIN and below the top of each window. use only DOT-3 brake fluid -. Wit . or they You can check the brake fluid without taking off the cap.he wrong kind of fluid in your brake system. 6-29 .such as Ddco Supreme 11 (GM Part @ No.

For example. Be careful not tospill brake fluid or lateryour brakes won’t work well. washit off lead to an accident. system parts so badly that they’ll have to be replaced. See “Appearance Care’’ in warning sound. NOTICE: Continuing to drivewith worn-out brake pads could result in costly brake repair. the Index. a If you spill brake fluid on yourvehicle’s painted surfaces. Brake Wear NOTICE: Your vehicle has front disc brakesand rear drum brakes. the paint finish can be The brakewear warning sound means thatsooner damaged. such as engine be heard all the time your vehicle is moving (except when oil. That could on your vehicle. The sound may come and go or drops of mineral-based oil. have your vehicle serviced. When you hear the brakewear immediately. justfew a high-pitched warning sound when the brake pads are worn and new pads are needed. Don’t let someone put in the wrong kindof fluid. . in your brake system can damage brake you are pushinq on the brake pedal firmly). If you do. a Using the wrong fluid can badly damage Disc brake pads have built-in wear indicators that make a brake system parts.

brake linings inspected. This does not mean something is wrong with your brakes. and evenly torque Replacing Brake System Parts wheel nuts in theproper sequence to GM Specifications. When you have the you replace parts of your braking system-.If you don’t. The braking system on a modern vehicleis complex. When removed for rotationor changing.for the normal height. your disc brakes applied. have the rear together if the vehicle is to have really good braking. can change in many other waysif someone puts in the wrong replacement brake parts. the rear brake drums Vehicles we design andtest have top-quality GM brake should be removed and inspected each time the tires are parts in them. Also. as your vehicle does whenit is new. Your rear drum brakes don’t have wear indicators. Some driving conditions or climates may cause a brake Brake Adjustment squeal when the brakes are first applied or lightly Every time you make a brake stop. or if there is a rapid increase in pedal worse. Free movement of brake calipers and properly torqued If your brake pedal goes down farther than normal. This could be a sign of brake trouble. Adjust them by pulsation. The braking performance you’ve come to expect travel. for movement. have the rear brakes inspected. too. GM replacement parts. front brakes replaced. adjust for wear. 8. When tires are rotated. the balance See your dealer if the brake pedal does not returnto between your front and rear brakes can change -. inspect brake calipers backing up and firmly applying the brakes a few times.for example.if someone puts in Brake Pedal Travel brake linings that are wrong for your vehicle. your brakesmay no longer work properly. your wheel nuts are necessary to help prevent brake rear drum brakes may need adjustment. 6-31 .be sure you get new genuine axle sets. brake pads for wear. but if Its many parts have to be of top quality and work well you ever hear a rear brake rubbing noise. when your brake linings wear down andyou have to Brake linings should always be replaced as complete have new ones put in -. For example.

battery. See “Jump Starting” in the Index follow the instructions on the bulb package. Every new vehicle has a Delco Freedom@battery. Get onethat has the replacement number shown on the original battery’s label. You can be badly hurtif you others couldbe injured. When it’s time Also. Be sure to read and aren’t careful. for your audio system. A CAUTION: IQCAUTION: -7 Halogen bulbs have pressurized gas inside and Batteries have acid that can burn you and gas can burstif you drop or scratch thebulb. See “Replacement If you’re not going to drive your vehicle for 25 days Bulbs” in the Index. take off the black. for tips on working around a battery without getting hurt. see “Theft-Deterrent for anew battery.Battery Contact your dealer to learn how to prepare your vehicle for longer storage periods. This will help keep your battery from Halogen Bulbs running down. we recommend a Delco Freedom Feature” in the Index. 6-32 . Bulb Replacement Before you replace any bulbs. You never have to add water to one of these. be sure that all the lamps Vehicle Storage are off and the engine isn’t running. or more. You or that canexplode. negative (-) cable from the battery.

Plug in the new headlamp and put it in place. Remove the screws from the headlamp retainer. Put the retainer on the headlamp and install and tighten the screws. Unplug and remove the headlamp. 1. 5. 3. 4. 6-33 . Pull the headlamp out Sealed Beam Lamps I andremovetheretainer.Headlamps 2.

6-34 . Unplug the electrical connector. Open the hood. Use a hex socketto unscrew the pins. (Some 1. ~ ~ ~~~ 4.) removal pins at the top of the radiator support. vehicles may have side-by-side bulbs.Composite Headlamps 3. Pull the headlamp lens assembly out.

Turn the bulb counterclockwise to remove it. Reach under the bumper and behind the turn signal 7. Put the headlamp lens assembly back into the 2. assembly and turn it clockwise until it locks in place. Holding the base of the bulb. be removed before you can replace the front turn 5. lamp assembly. 5. 6. Put the socket back into the turn signal lamp signal lamps. 3. 8. pull the bulb straight Front Turn Signal Lamps out of the socket. . 6-35 . the fog lampbracket must 4. 1. If you have fog lamps. Push the new bulb into the socket until it clicks. Turn the socket counterclockwise and pull it out. vehicle. Install and tighten the screws. Put the new bulb into the headlamp lens assembly and turn it clockwise until it is tight. Plug in the electrical connector.

Front Sidemarker Lamps Taillamps 1. 6. Holding the base of the bulb. 9. 4. Pull the assembly away from me fender. 6. 4. Push the tab in while you turn the socket counterclockwise. Rotate the bulb andsocket one-quarter turn clockwise. Remove the bulb and socket from the lens. 6-36 . Remove the lens retaining screws. 5. Open the endgate. 8. Turn the bulb and socket one-quarterturn from the lamp assembly. 2. 3. Install the sidemarker lens to the radiator grille. 5. Install and tighten the screws. 1. 7. Turn the socket counterclockwise to remove it. Remove the two screws 3. Remove the sidemarker lens from the radiator grille. counterclockwise. Push the new bulb straight into the socket until it clicks. Install the new bulb and socket to the sidemarker lens. 2. Insert the tabs into the locators. pull the bulb straight out of the socket.

Underhood Lamp 3. Install the lamp assembly and screws. center of the overhead console lamp lens while 9. Put the socket into the lamp assembly and turn the Front Reading Lamps socket clockwiseuntil it locks in place. turningit to latch it in place. Remove the screws. 7. 4. Replace the assembly. Connect the ground wire. 5. 5. Install the lens. Install the bulb assembly into the lamp assembly. pressing in on the lamp assembly. 2. 8. Use a coin or small screwdriver to unscrew the 8. Close the endgate. 3. 1. 4. Disconnect the ground wire. Remove the lamp assembly from the console. 6-37 . 7. Connect the electrical connector to the lamp assembly. Install the new bulb. Pull the bulb straight out of the base. Install and tighten the screws. 1. Disconnect the electrical connector from the underhood lamp assembly. Remove the lamp assembly from the hood. Put a new bulb into the bulb base. 2.7. 6 . Place the lamp assembly into the console. 8. Remove the bulb assembly from the lamp assembly. 6 .

Accidental bumping can cause thearm vanity assembly frame.Vanity Mirror Lamps Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement 1. until it locks into a vertical position. to fall back and strike the windshield. 2. 6-38 . 1. Press the new bulbinto place. Use care when removingor installing a blade 5 . Insert the blade of a small screwdriver into the center See “Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts” in the slot at the bottom of the lens. 6. Index for the proper typeof replacement blade. Pry out the bulb. Slide the side tabs of the lens under theside of the assembly. To remove the old wiper blades. Rotate the lens downward. I NOTICE: 4. 3. Snap the lens into the frame. Gently pry thescrewdriver down in order to lift out the lens. lift the wiper arm 7.

into the end with two blade 2. Remove the insert from the blade assembly. To install the new wiper insert. Blade Pivot B. Locking Tab E Arm Hook 4. Arm Assembly E. At the notched end. pull the insert from the blade assembly. Slide the insert all the way through the Pull down on the blade assemblyto release it from blade claws at the opposite end (B). The insert has two notches at one end that are locked by bottom claws of the blade assembly. Hook Slot C. slide the insert (D). Blade Assembly D. 3. A u u n n 0 A. will be forced off as the insert is fully inserted. Press down on the blade assembly pivot locking tab. notched end last. 6-39 . Plqstic caps (C) the wiper arm hook. claws (A).

Pull upuntil the pivot locking tab locks in the locked on both sides of the insert slots. B. . Thebackglawwiper blade will not lock in a vertical position like the windshield wiper blade. Be sure that the notches are locked by the bottom 6. Carefully lower the wiper arrn and blade assembly onto thewindshield.so care should be used when pulling it away fromthe. A. Claw in Notch *.Your new vehicle comes with high-quality tires made bya leadingtire manufacturer. hook slot. 7. If you ever have questions about your tire warranty and where to obtain service. . Put the blade assembly pivot in the wiper arm claws. see your warranty booklet C/ for details. Cori-ect Installation C. \ 5. Tires We don’t make tires. vehicle. Incorrect Installation ? . Make sure that all other claws are properly hook.I ’ Backglass Wiper Blade Replacement See “Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement” in this section for instructions onhow to change the backglass wiper blade.

The resulting accident don’t have enough air (underinflation). If your tires overloaded tires. punctured or broken by a sudden -- impact such aswhen you hit a pothole. Inflation . Don’t let anyone tell you that underinflation or 0 Underinflated tirespose the same danger as overinflation is all right. above the door latch. orif your tires have been damaged. old tires can cause accidents.Tire Pressure The Certificationmirelabel which is on the driver’s door edge. 0 Overloading your tires can cause overheating as a result of too much friction. You could have an air-out and a serious NOTICE: accident.It’s not. NOTICE: (Continued) If your tread is badly worn. replace them. Check all tires get the following: frequently to maintain the recommended 0 Too much flexing pressure. “Cold” are dangerous. Keep tires at the recommended pressure. Tire pressure should be checked Too much heat when your tires are cold. means your vehicle has been sitting for at least three hours or driven no more than a mile. you can could cause serious injury. 6-41 . See “Loading Your Vehicle” in the Index. shows the correct inflation Poorly maintained andim operly used tires pressures foryour tires when they’re cold. 0 Worn. 0 Tire overloading 0 Overinflated tires are more likely to be 0 Bad wear cut. Bad handling Bad fuel economy.

Be sure to put the valve caps back on the valve stems. rotate your tires as soon as Unusualwear possible and check wheel alignment.000 miles If your tires have too much air (overinflation). (10 000 to 13 000 km) for any signs of unusual wear.. Also. When to Check Check your tiresonce a month or more. 6-42 . They help prevent leaks by keepingout dirt and moisture. Needless damage from road hazards. check the tire pressure of thespare tire.If you can get the following: unusual wear is present. You can’t tell if your tiresare properly inflated simply by looking at them. Also check for Bad handling damaged tires or wheels. NOTICE: (Continued) Tire Inspection and Rotation Tires should be inspected every6. How to Check Use a good quality pocket-type gage to check tire pressure.000 to 8. Radial tires may look properly inflated even when they’re underinflated. See “When It’s Timefor New Tires” and “Wheel Replacement”later in this section for Roughride more information.

always use one of the correct rotation patterns shown here. After the tires have been rotated. you can The purpose of regular rotation is to achieve more use a cloth ora paper towel to do this. Rust or dirt on a wheel. properly tightened. -_ 6-43 .if you I rotation is the most important. The first sure touse a scraper orwire brush later. remove any rust or dirt from places where the wheel attaches to thevehicle. or on . When rotating your tires. dirt(See Maintenance Services”in the Index forscheduled “Changing a Flat Tire” in the Index. but be uniform wear for all tires on the vehicle. to get all the rust or off.the partsWhich to it is fastened. The wheel could comeoff and cause an accident. In anemergency. See “Scheduled need to. See “Wheel Nut Torque’’in the Index. can makewheel nuts becomeloose f after a time. adjust the front and rear c inflation pressures as shown on theCertificatioflire label. When you change a wheel. Make certain thatall wheel nuts are.) rotation intervals.

ride and other things during normal serviceon are true: your vehicle. cut or other damage that time for new tires is to can’t be repaired well because of the size or location check the treadwear of the damage. The tread or sidewall is cracked.When It’s Time for New Tires The tire has a bump. which will appear when your tires have Buying New Tires only 1/16 inch (1. get ones with that same TPC Spec number. You can see cord or fabric showing through the If you ever replace your tires with those not having a tire’s rubber. bulge or split. speed rating and construction type (bias. 6-44 . You need a new tire if any of the following statements traction.6 mm) or To find out what kind and size of tiresyou need. TPC Spec number. When you get new tires. The tires installed on your vehicle whenit was new had a Tire PerformanceCriteria Specification (TPC Spec) number on each tire’s sidewall. If your tires havean all-season tread You can see the indicators. make sure they are the same size. enough to show cord or fabric. the Certificatioflire label. atthree or more places design. handling. cut or snagged deep bias-belted or radial) as your original tires. One way to tell when it’s The tire has a puncture. speed rating. That way your vehicle willcontinue to have tires thatare designed to give proper endurance. look at less of tread remaining. indicators. the TPC number will befollowed by an “MS” around the tire. load range. (for mud and snow).

traction and temperature performance. A tire marked C may have or to some limited-production tires. B. car tires.which grades tires by treadwear. poor traction performance. and you could have a crash. 6-45 . tires with conditions on specified government test surfaces nominal rim diameters of 10 to 12 inches (25to 30 cm). the vehicle may not Treadwear handle properly. of asphalt and concrete. The treadwear grade is a comparativerating based on Using tires of different sizes mayalso cause the wear rate of the tire when tested under controlled damage to your vehicle. are A. they must also conform to Federal safety requirements and additional General Motors Tire Mixing tires could cause you to lose control while Performance Criteria (TPC) standards. (This applies only to vehicles sold in the United States. service practices and differences in developed by the United States National Highway road characteristics and climate. driving. While the tires available on General Motors passenger cars and light trucks may vary withrespect to these grades. For size and type tireson all wheels. from highest to lowest. The Uniform Tire Quality Grading system does and C. example. atire graded 150 would wear one and a half (1 1/2) times as well on the government course as a tire graded 100. The relative performance of tires depends Uniform Tire Quality Grading upon the actual conditions of their use. If you mix tiresof different sizes or types (radial and bias-belted tires). C grades are molded on the sidewalls of most passenger The traction grades. however. B. winter-type snow tires. Traffic Safety Administration. on wet pavement as measured under controlled space-saver ortemporary use spare tires.) The - Traction A. and they represent the tire’s ability to stop not apply to deep tread.Be sure to use the same conditions on a specified government test course. and may depart significantly from the norm due to variations The following informationrelates to the system in driving habits.

In most cases. If the laboratory test wheel than the minimum required by law. or Your dealer will know the kind of wheel you need.Warning: The traction grade assigned to this tire is based Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance on braking (straightahead) traction tests and does not include cornering (turning) traction. underinflation. Excessive speed. if you notice unusual tire wear heat and its ability to dissipate heat when tested under or your vehicle pulling one way or theother. The wheels on yourvehicle were aligned and balanced carefully at the factory to give you the longest tire life - Temperature A. replace it (except some aluminum Warning: The temperature grade for this tire is wheels. C and best overall performance. 109. If wheel nuts keep coming loose. you will not need to have your wheels representing the tire’s resistance to the generation of aligned again. The temperature grades are A (the highest). See your established for atire that is properly inflated and not GM dealer if any of these conditions exist. either separately orin combination.If you notice your test wheel. excessive loading. excessive temperature can lead to sudden tire failure. your material of the tire to degenerate and reduce tire life. Grades or corroded. orbadly rusted Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. B. The grade C corresponds to a level of performance Wheel Replacement which all passenger car tires must meet under the Replace any wheelthat is bent. B and A represent higher levels of performance on the wheel bolts and wheel nuts should be replaced. B. overloaded. cracked. wheel leaks air. 6-46 . and wheels may need to be rebalanced. the controlled conditions on a specified indoor laboratory alignment may need to be reset. However. Sustained high temperature can cause the vehicle vibrating when driving on a smooth road. can causeheat buildup and possible tire failure. the wheel. and C. which can sometimes be repaired).

use a new GM original equipment wheel. wheel bolts and wheel nuts Putting a used wheel on wr vehicle is for replacement. speedometer/odometer equipment parts. headlampaim. width. offset and be mounted the NOTICE: same way as the one it replaces. This way. diameter. You can’t know how it’s been used or how many miles it’s been driven. Used Replacement Wheels It could affect the braking and handling of your vehicle. you will be sure to have the calibration. wheel bolts The wrong wheel can also cause problemswith or wheel nuts. dangerous. If you need to replace any of your wheels. ground clearance and tire or tire chain clearance to the body and chassis.Always use the correct wheel. replace them only with new GM original bearing life. wheel bolts or wheel nuts on yourvehicle can be dangerous. vehicle right wheel. wheel bolts and wheel nuts for your model. bumper height. make your tireslose air and makeyou lose control.If you have to replace a wheel.It could fail suddenly and cause an accident. brake cooling. 6-47 .Each new wheel should have the same load carrying capacity. You could havea collision in which you or otherscould be injured. Using the wrong replacementwheels. See “Changing aFlat Tire” in the Index for more information.

don’t use tire chains.and they can all damage your vehicle. 6-48 . vehicle. too. If the contact continues. Lacquer Thinner NailPolishRemover They can all be hazardous -. cleaning products can be hazardous. Paint Thinner slow down until itstops. Some are dangerous if you breathe their fumes in a closed space. Andalways open your doors or If you have othersize tires. be sure to follow the manufacturer’s warnings They can damage yourvehicle. and instructions.If CarbonTetrachloride you can hear the chains contacting your vehicle.Tire Chains Appearance Care Remember. Some NOTICE: are toxic. Driving too fast or spinning thewheels withchains onwill damage Turpentine your vehicle. Drive slowly and follow the chain manufacturer’s instructions. Otherscan burst into flame if you strike a match or get them on a hot part of the vehicle.some more than others -. If your vehicle has P235/75R15. Install them on the drive axle Gasoline tires (four-wheel-drivevehicles can use chains on Benzene both axles) and tighten them as tightly aspossible Naphtha with the ends securely fastened. use tire chains only windows when you’re cleaning the inside. Acetone stop and retightenthem. where legal and only when you must. Use only Never use these to clean your vehicle: SAE Class “S” type chains that are the proper size for your tires. P235/70R15or When you use anything from a container to clean your 31xlOSOR15LT/C size tires.

They will 0 Don’t rub it roughly. to remove the suds. 0 Alcohol Using Foam-Type Cleaneron Fabric 0 Laundry Soap 0 Vacuum and brush the area to remove any loose dirt. damp cloth. and change to a clean area 0 Then dry it immediately with a blow dryer. 6-49 . a solvent-type spot lifter and a foam-type powdered cleaner. Your GM dealer has two GM cleaners. Do not use As soon as you’ve cleaned the section. Here are some cleaning tips: 0 Rinse the section with a clean. 0 Wipe with a clean cloth. If you use them. clean normal spots and stains very well. or cloth. Wipe vinyl or leather with a clean. clean the entire In many uses. a Wipe off what’s left with a slightly damp paper towel 0 Clean up stains as soon as you can -. Mask 0 Reducing Agents surrounding trim along stitch or welt lines.Don’t use any of these unless this manual says you can. dirt. 0 Use solvent-type cleaners in a well-ventilated area only. wet sponge.before they set. often. If a ring forms after spot cleaning. 0 Mix Multi-Purpose Powdered Cleaner following the Cleaning the Insideof Your Vehicle directions on the container label. use a sponge them on vinyl or leather. don’t saturate the stained area. these will damage your vehicle: area immediately or it will set. 0 Bleach 0 Always clean a whole trim panel or section. Use a vacuum cleaner often to get rid of dust and loose 0 Use suds only and apply with a clean sponge. 0 Don’t saturate the material. A soft brush may be used if stains are stubborn. 0 Always read the instructions on the cleaner label. 0 Use a clean cloth or sponge.

tar and asphalt will stain When you clean a stain from tdbric. tar and asphalt can Gently scrape excess soil from the trim material with a be removed as follows: clean. wax crayon. dull knifeor scraper. “featheri-ng” tgward the center. vomit. wine. the cleaner will dissolve them and may cause them to spread. wax crayon. They should be dry the area with a blowdryer to help prevent a removed as soon as possible.. chewing gum. vegetable oils.Using Solvent-Type Cleaneron Fabric Special Cleaning Problems First. fruit. soft drinks. urine and blood can removed be which are the carriers of most stains. soiled area with cool water. egg. because cleaning ring. milk. Shoe polish. light 0 Carefully scrape off excess stain. Greasy or Oily Stains Some spots and stains will clean off better with just water and mildsoap. juice.Be careful. margarine. see if you have to use solvent-type cleaner at all. Even with this as follows: J protection. 1-800-642-6 167). coffee (black). Cleaning should start at the outside of the stain. immediately if left on a vehicle’s seatfabric. fruit product. butter. oil. Keep changing to a earlier. follow the foam-type instructions 1-800-433-3296 (in Minnesota. Further information on cleaning is available by calling If a stain remains. described earlier. cosmetic If you need to use a solvent: creams. a 3M Stains caused by catsup. pressure and clean cloths (preferably cheesecloth). Use very little cleaner. 0 Follow the solvent-type instructions described . you still need to clean your upholstery and Carefully scrape off excess stain. 6-50 . It protects fabrics by repelling oil and water. Stains caused by grease. coffee with cream. shoe polish. clean section of the cloth. then sponge the carpet often to keep it looking new. Fabric Protection Non-Greasy Stains Your vehicle has upholstery and carpet that has been treated with Scotchgard” Fabric Protector.

furniture polish or shoe polish on leather. Things like tar. Cleaning Leather treat the area with a waterhaking soda solution: Use a soft cloth with lukewarm water anda mild soap or 1 teaspoon (5 ml) of baking soda to 1 cup (250 ml) saddle soap. solvent-based or abrasive Stains caused by candy. You and even make it difficult to see through the windshield may have to do it more than once. waxes may cause annoying reflections in the windshield 0 Rub with a clean. the leather. use a GM VinyVLeather Cleaner 0 If needed. clean it with solvent-type cleaner. ice cream. 6-51 . or equivalent product. sauce and unknown stains can be removed as follows: 0 Soiled leather should be cleaned immediately. then clean with dirt is allowed to work into the finish. mayonnaise. Cleaning the Top of the Instrument Panel Cleaning Vinyl Use only mild soap and water to clean the top surfaces of the instrument panel. damp cloth to remove dirt.0 If an odor lingers after cleaning vomit or urine. Sprays containing silicones or Use warm water anda clean cloth. of lukewarm water. chili cleaners. under certain conditions. 0 For stubborn stains. it can harm cool water and allowto dry. Combination Stains 0 Never use oils. varnishes. If 0 Carefully scrape off excess stain. asphalt and shoe polish will stain if you don’t get them off quickly. Usea clean cloth and a GM Vinylkeather Cleaner or equivalent product. clean lightly with solvent-type cleaner. If a stain remains.

it may severely weaken them. seal better. or if the wiper bladechatters when running. Glass should be cleaned often. because they may cause scratches. 1050427) or a liquid household glass cleaner replaced when worn. No. Weatherstrips Don’t use abrasive cleaners on glass. beltsclean and dry. Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index.damp weather more frequent Any temporary license should not be attached across the application may be required. Backglass and Wip Blades - I If the windshield is notclear after using the windshield washer. Apply abrasive cleaners are used on the inside ofthe rear silicone grease with a clean cloth at least every six window. Windshield. GM Glass Cleaner (GM Wiper blades should bechecked on a regular basis and Part No. Bon-Ami Powder@(GM Part not be able to provide adequate protection. an electric defogger element may be damaged. lukewarm water.Care of Safety Belts Cleaning the Outsideof the Keep. and not stickor squeak.Then Glass rinse the blade with water. Do not bleach or dye safety belts. If longer. Avoid placing decals on the inside rear’ Silicone grease on weatherstrips will make them last window.) 6-52 . months. since they may have to be scraped off later. wax or other material may be on the blade or windshield. will remove normal tobacco smoke and dust films. 1050011). If you do.(See “Recommended defogger grid. The windshield is clean if beads do not Clean safety belts only with mild soap and form when you rinse it with water. During very cold. In a crash they might Clean the outsideof the windshield with GM Windshield Cleaner. Clean the blade by wiping vigorously with a cloth soaked in full-strength windshield washer solvent.

depth Occasional waxing or mild polishing of your vehicle by of color. If 6-53 . paint finish. can damage your vehicle’s finish if they remain on painted surfaces. clean chamois or a100%cotton towel to avoid Machine compoundingor aggressive polishing on surface scratchesand water spotting. You can get GM-approved cleaning products Washing Your Vehicle from your dealer. The clearcoatgives more depth and gloss to the Don’t wash your vehicle in the direct rays of the sun. etc. cold water. hand may be necessary to remove residue from the paint finish. Use are non-abrasive and made for a basecoatklearcoat liquid hand. All cleaning agents should be flushed promptly and not allowed to dry on the surface. Foreign materials such as calcium chlorideand other salts. road oil and tar. or that contain acid or abrasives. gloss retention and durability. Wash the vehicle as soon as possible. bird droppings.Cleaning the Outside of Your Vehicle Finish Care The paint finish on your vehicle provides beauty. keep it clean by washing it often with lukewarm or Your vehicle has a “basecoatklearcoat” paint finish. Dry the finish with a I NOTICE: soft. tree sap. or they could stain.). a basecoatklearcoat paint finish maydull the finish or leave swirl marks. dish or carwashing (mild detergent) soaps. colored basecoat. High pressure carwashes may cause water to enter your vehicle. Don’t use cleaning agentsthat are petroleum based. (See “Appearance Careand Materials’’ The best way to preserve your vehicle’s finish is to in the Index. chemicalsfrom industrial chimneys. ice melting agents. Always use waxes andpolishes that Don’t use strong soaps or chemicaldetergents.

you may use GM Chrome Polish on chrome or stainless steel trim. never useauto or chrome polish. To avoid I NOTICE: damaging protective trim. abrasive cleaners or Exterior pamted surfaces are subject to aging. surface of your vehicle. weather abrasive cleaning brushes on them because you could and chemical fallout thatcan take their tollover a period of years. painted surfaceson the body or wheels of the vehicle.necessary. Protecting Exterior Bright Metal Parts Bright metal parts should becleaned regularly to keep Tires their luster. Don’tuse strong soaps. Petroleum-based products may damage Aluminum Wheels (If So Equipped) the paintfinish. dry with a soft clean towel. After rinsing thoroughly. Rinse with clean water. is recommended to wipe off any oversprayor splash from all for all bright metal parts. needed. Keep your wheels clean using asoft clean cloth with mild soap and water. Use special care with aluminum trim. chemicals. 6-54 .A wax may then be applied. use a stiff brush with a tire cleaner. Washing withwater is all that isusually To clean your tires. abrasive polishes. steam or caustic soap to clean aluminum. if necessary.These brushes can also damage the surfaceof these wheels. that has silicon carbide tire cleaning brushes. new by keeping yourvehicle garaged or covered Don’t take your vehicle throughan automatic car wash whenever possible. rubbedto high polish. You can help to keep the paint finish looking damage the surface. use non-abrasive cleaners that are marked The surface of these wheels is similar to the painted safe for painted surfaces to remove foreign matter. A When applying a tire dressing always take care coating of wax. However.

will repair. Airborne pollutants can fallupon and quickly and may develop into a major repair expense. fractures or deep scratches in the finish Some weather and atmospheric conditions can create a should be repaired right away.000 miles (20 000 km) of purchase. GM in your dealer’s body and paint shop. frame. If these are not removed. Cleanany areas where mud If your vehicle is damaged and requires sheet metal and other debris can collect. and materials available from your dealer or other service small irregular dark spots etchedinto the paint surface. applies anti-corrosion material to the parts repaired or Your dealer or an underbody vehicle washing system replaced to restore corrosion protection. accelerated corrosion (rust) can occur on the underbody parts such as fuel lines. at no charge to the owner. flush these materials from the underbody with plain water. ringlet-shaped discolorations.Bare metal will corrode chemical fallout. Larger areas of finish damage can be corrected Although no defect in the paint job causes this. 6-55 . make sure the body repair shop of the frame should be loosened before being flushed. control can collect on the underbody. can do this for you. Finish Damage Chemical Paint Spotting Any stone chips. Chemicals used for ice and snow removal and dust whichever occurs first. outlets. floor pan. and exhaust system even though they have corrosion protection. attack painted surfaces on your vehicle. This damage can Minor chips and scratches can be repaired with touch-up take two forms: blotchy.Sheet Metal Damage At least every spring. the surfaces of new vehicles damaged by this fallout condition within Underbody Maintenance 12 months or 12. Dirt packed in closed areas repair or replacement.

grime and smoke film 1050429 6 Ibs. (0.473 L) I Wheel Cleaner I wheel cleaner Spray on I r I 1052930 8 oz. Multi-Purpose Powdered Cleaner Cleans vinvl.946 L) Optikleen Windshield washer solvent and antifreeze 1052870 16 oz. (0. (0. (0. (0. See “Fluids and Lubricants’’ in the Index.354 L) I ShineTire I Silicone I I tires Shines I See your General Motors Parts Department for these products.473 L) Magic Mirror Cleaner Polish Exterior cleaner and polish 1050214 32 oz. L) Armor All Protector TM Protects vinyl.72 kg) -. (0. tires and mats 4 I I I I I 1051398“ I 8 oz.Appearance Care Materials Chart I PARTNUMBER I SIZE I DESCRIPTION I USAGE I 1050004 2. (0. (0. (0.473 L) I Armor All Cleaner TM I Cleans vinyl.237 oz. leather rubber and I 12345725 I I 12 oz.473 L) Removes soil and black marks White Sidewall Ti 105020 1 16 oz. Chamois Shines vehicle without scratching 1050 I72 16 oz. (2. (0.680 L) Glass Cleaner Cleans grease.237 L) Capture Dry Spot Remover Attracts and absorbs soils 12345002** 16 I oz. (0. * Not recommended for pigskin suede leather.473 L) Tar and Road Oil Remover Also removes old waxes and polishes 1050173 oz. (0.946 L) Vinyl and Leather Cleaner Spot and stain removal 1050427 23 oz.473 L) Wash and Wax Concentrate Exterior wash 1052918”” 8(0. **Not recommended for use on instrument panel vinyl.473 L) Chrome Cleaner and Polish 16 Removes rust and corrosion 1050 174 16 oz. ft. (0. 6-56 .237 L) I Lifter Spot I For cloth 1051515 32 oz.75 sq. cloth. leather rubber and I 1052929 I 16 oz.

This codewill help you identify your engine. 111. a plate in the front corner of the instrumentpanel. 1111111. You can see it if you look through the windshield from outside your vehicle. The VIN also 0 paint information.1111111.on the 0 the model designation. It appears on 0 your VIN. and appears on the Vehicle Certification and Service Parts a list of all production options and special labels and the certificates of title and registration. On this label is: This is the legal identifier for your vehicle.. -1 I I 11111. and replacement parts. It’s CODE MODEL YEAR PLANT very helpful if you ever need to order parts. equipment. - Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) Engine Identification The eighth character in your VIN is the engine code.111. specifications. . Be sure that this label is not removed from the vehicle.1 111111111 II. driver’s side.1111 11.11 1 1 . 6-57 . e bd SAMPLE4UXTM072675 Service Parts Identification Label ENGINEfi96 7 \ ASSEMBLY You’ll find this label on the inside of the glove box.

be can keep other components from working as sure to get it fixed. Don’t add anything electricalto your vehicle Windshield Wipers unless you check with yourdealer first. NOTICE: If this happens. Power Windows and Other Power Options Your vehicle has an air bag system. Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle” in the Index.Electrical System Headlamps The headlamp wiring is protected by an internal Add-on Electrical Equipment circuit breaker. the wiper will stop until the motor cools. When thecurrent load is too heavy. An electrical overload willcause the lamps to go on and off.If the motor overheats due to heavy and the damage wouldn’t be covered by your snow. Some The windshield wiper motor isprotected by a circuit electrical equipment can damage your vehicle breaker and a fuse. 6-58 .. etc.’somecases to remain off. the circuit breaker opens and closes. they should. see “Servicing power accessories. protecting the circuit until the problem is fixedor goes away. If warranty. Someadd-on electrical equipment the overload is causedby some electrical problem. or in. Before attempting to Circuit breakers protect the power windows and other add anything electrical to your vehicle. have yourheadlamp wiring checked right away.

This greatly reduces the instrument panel. counterclockwise.Fuses and Circuit Breakers Instrument Panel Fuse Block The wiring circuits in your vehicle are protected from The fuse block is at the short circuits by a combination of fuses.and use its fuse. 6-59 . chance of fires caused by electrical problems. Extra fuses and the fuse extractor are provided in the cover. If the band is broken or melted. you can borrow one that has the same amperage. Look at the silver-colored band inside the fuse. push in and turn thefastener clockwise. Be sure you replace a bad fuse with a newone of the identical size and rating. replace the fuse. if it is the correct amperage. circuit breakers driver’s end of the and fusible thermal links. To reinstall the fuse panel cover. If you ever have a problem on the road and don’t havea spare fuse. Remove the cover by turning the fastener Replace it as soon as you can.like the radio or cigarette lighter -. Just pick some feature of your vehicle that you can get along without -.

Power Seat. Breaker Ashtray Lamp. Horn Relay. Cargo Lamps. IP Courtesy Lamps. Cigarette Lighter. Visor Vanity Mirror. SIR Redundant Ignition. Rear B Power Windows Defog Timer. 4 Alternator Field. Cluster Chime Module. FuseKircuit Usage Breaker 1 Stoplamps. A/C Compressor Power Seat Lumbar. Center High-Mounted Stoplamp 2 Dome Lamps. Illuminated Entry Module 3 Parking Lamps. Electric Shift TransferCase Module. Power Outside Rearview Mirror. Chime. TransferCase Control Module Ignition. License Plate Lamps. Hazard Lamps. Horns. Center High-Mounted Stoplamp Relay. Overhead Console Lamps. Liftglass Release Motor. DRL Module. Four-Wheel-Drive Indicator Lamp. Rear Wiper. Inside Rearview Mirror Lamp. RKE Ignition 6-60 . DRL Keyless Entry Relay Coil. FuseKircuit Usage Underhood Lamp. Remote Relay. Glove Box Lamp. Door SwitchLamp A Power Door Locks.

11 Radio. Rear Wiper. HI Blower Relay Coil Solenoid 7 Power Auxiliary Outlets. Rear Lamps. Blower Motor. ABS Battery 20 Crank Signal. CANN. Anti-Lock Braking System. Fog Lamp Lamp. Liftglass Overhead Console Display Release Switch Illumination. Rear Washer. CD Player 24 PRNDL Power. Inside Rearview Mirror Map Chime Module. Battery. Overhead Console Reading Illumination. Cam Sensor. Exhaust Gas 15 Daytime Running Lamps. Defog Switch Illumination. Assembly 17 Windshield Washer. Heater Lamp. 12 DRAC. Coil Driver Module Illumination. Radio Sensor. Windshield Line Diagnostic Link Wiper Motor 8 Rear Window Defogger 19 Electric Shift Transfer Case 9 PCMNCM Battery. Fog Lamps. Fog Lamp Relay Purge. Injectors. Rear Wiper Switch. Temperature Door Brake-Transmission Shift Interlock Motor. Crank 21 Cluster Illumination. MAS 16 Turn Signals and Back-up Lamps. Recirculation.FuseKircuit Usage FuseKircuit Usage Breaker Breaker 5 Oxygen Sensor Heater. Air Bag System 10 PCMNCM Ignition. Overhead Console Illumination VCM IGN-3 22 Air Bag System 13 Clock. Radio. 4L60E Automatic 14 A/C Compressor Battery Feed Transmission 6-61 . Four-Wheel-Drive Illumination.

Composite Low-Beam 2 9006 HB4 Halogen Headlamps. Sealed Beam 2 2E I Halogen Headlamps.Replacement Bulbs Lamps Quantity Number Halogen Headlamps. Composite High-Beam 2 9005 HB3 Tail and Stoplamps 4 3057 Front Sidemarker Lamps 2 194 Turn Signal Lamps 2 3157 NA Underhood Lamp 1 93 Visor Vanity MirrorLamps 4 74 Overhead Console Reading Lamps 2 194 6-62 .

. .. . . . . .. . . ... . . . . . 0. .. . . . . .. . . .. . . . . .. . .. . and are subject to change. . .045 inches (0. ... .41-932 See “LoadingYour Vehicle” in the Index.. or if you have any questions. PF52 Air Cleaner Filter . . .. . . .Capacities and Specifications Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts Engine Description . .. . . . . . . . . please Horsepower . . . .. . . . . .6 cm) 6-63 .. .. . . . . . . . .. .GF48 1 Front Windshield WiperBlade . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . Fuel Filter .... . . .. . If a part listed in this VINCode . . See the Certificationmire label. . .. . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . .. . . .. . . A 1 163C Wheels and Tires PCVValve ... 95 ib-ft (130 N-m) Automatic Transmission Filter Kit . . . . . . .. ... .. .8 cm) Backglass Wiper Blade . .. .. . .. CV746C Wheel Nut Torque . . 195°F (91°C) Thermostat . . . . .. . . 1-6-5-4-3-2 when it was built... . . . .. .. . . .. . “Vortec” 4300 Replacement part numbers listed in this section are Type . . .. . . . . .. .. . .. .... . 24200796 Tire Pressure . . . . . ... . .1 14 cm) Oil Filter... . . . . .. . . .. . . . 190 at 4.400 rpm contact your GM truck dealer. . . . . . . . Trico (20 inched50. . . . . . . . . Thermostat Specification . . . V6 based on the latest information available at the time of printing.. .. .. .. . .. . . . .. Spark Plugs .. . Trico (14 inched35.. . .. . . . . ... W manual is not thesame as the part used in your vehicle Firing Order . . . . . . . . 12551472 Spark Plug Gap ... . . . .. . .. . . . .. . .... . . . . . . ... . .

Front Tread S Series . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . .3 L) Sl"10506 . . . . . . .1 L) Sl"10516 . . . . . . . . . .181. . .5 inches (255. . (0. . .0 cm) 2-Door. . . . . . . . . . .Capacities (Approximate) Vehicle Dimensions* Cooling System" Wheelbase Auto. . 65. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100.3 L) Length Automatic Transmission S10516 . . . . . . . . . . 57. . . . . the level must be checked. 67. . . . . . . . . . . . Rear Tread If the air conditioning system in your vehicle needs S Series . . . . . .9 kg) of R. .9 quarts (1 1. .2 L) S10516 . 11.2 cm) *After refill. . . or 2 Ibs. . . . .0 inches (139. . 67. . . . . . . . . ask your GM dealer. . . .6 cm) Air Conditioning Refrigerants T Series . . 6-64 . . . . . . . . . . Height Front .3 cm) ManualTrans. . . . . 30 oz. .0 quarts (4. 175. . . . . . . . . . . be sure the proper refrigerant is used. . . . . . . . 66. . .0 inches (167. . 18 gallons (68 L) T10506 . . . . . . . . . T Series . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 pints(1. . . . .8 cm) refrigerant. . . .. 5. .3 inches (145. . . .134a Width . . 107. . . . . . . . . . 66. . . . . . .6 cm) Fuel Tank T10516 . . . 4.4inches (445. . .2 cm) A/C Refrigerant. . . . . . . .5 inches (461. . . 19 gallons (72 L) S 10506 . . . . .7 quarts (1 1. .5 cm) (Drain and Refill)* . .5 cm) Differential Fluid S/T10506 . . 55. . .9 cm) J f you're not sure. . . . . . . . . 54.0 inches (444. . . . . .7 L) TI0516 . 2. . . . . . . . . .8 inches (172. . . . . . . . . . . 55. . . .0 inches (170. . . . . . . . .4 cm) Not all air conditioning refrigerants are the same.9 inches (170. . Trans. . . 175.7 inches (138.5 quarts (4.9 inches (167. . . . .1 inches (139. . 11. .0 inches (271. . . . . . . . .4 cm) 4-Door. . . . . . .0 cm) Rear . . . . . . . . *Figures reflect base equipment only.8 cm) Crankcase* . . . . . . .

dependability and emission control performance. Improper vehicle maintenance can even This section covers the maintenance required for your affect the quality of the air we breathe. Section 7 MaintenanceSchedule Introduction IMPORTANT. Improper fluid vehicle. or your GM dealer for details. Your vehicle needs these services to retain its levels or the wrong tire inflation can increase the level safety. All recommended maintenance procedures are important. please maintain your vehicle properly. but also helps the environment. of emissions from your vehicle. Warranty and Owner Assistance booklet. See your condition. 7-1 . and to keep your vehicle in good es Protection Plan Have you purchased the GM Protection Plan? ThePlan supplements your new vehicle warranties. To help protect our environment. Your Vehicle and the Environment KEEP ENGINE OIL AT THE PROPER Proper vehicle maintenance not only helps to keep your LEVEL AND CHANGE AS RECOMMENDED vehicle in good working condition.

receipts. 7-2 . be work only if you have the required know-how sure to write it down in this part. In tryingto do some jobs. so unless you are technically explains important inspections that yourGM dealer’s qualified and have the necessary equipment. See “Service and Owner Publications’’ in the Index. determine when your next maintenance should bedone. you should service department or another qualified service center let your dealer’s servicedepartment or another qualified should perform. Performing maintenance work ona vehicle can be dangerous. If you are skilled enough to do some work on your vehicle. This will help you and the propertools and equipment for the job. “Part D: Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” lists some products GM recommends to help keep your vehicle properly maintained. They may be needed to qualify your vehicle for warranty repairs. Do your own maintenance you to record the maintenance performed on your vehicle. should be used whether you do the work yourself or have it done. These products. If you have any doubt. Some of these “Part C: Periodic Maintenance Inspections?’ services can be complex. it is a good idea to keep your maintenance technician do the work. or their equivalents.How This Section is Organized v “Part B: Owner Checks andServices” tells you what should be checked whenever you stop for fuel. service center do these jobs. you can “Part E: Maintenance Record’’ provides a place for be seriously injured. have a qualified In addition. Whenever any maintenance is performed. you will probably want to get the service information GM publishes. It also The remainder of this section is divided into five parts: explains what you can easily do to help keep your “Part A: Scheduled MaintenanceServices” shows vehicle in good condition. what to have done and how often.

Selecting the Right Schedule This part tells you the maintenance services you should First you’ll need to decide which of the two schedules is have done and when you should schedule them. Because of all the different ways people use their GM 0 are driven off-road in the recommended manner. We at General Motors want to help you keep your These schedules are for vehicles that: vehicle in good working condition. You may drive very short carry passengers and cargo within recommended distances only a few times a week. All parts should be replaced and all necessary repairs done before you or anyone else Using Your Maintenance Schedule drives the vehicle. to do errands or in many are driven on reasonable road surfaces within legal other ways. you’ll know schedule to follow: that GM-trained and supported service people will perform the work using genuine GM parts. maintenance needs vary. 7-3 . You may even need “Off-Road Driving With Your Four-Wheel-Drive more frequent checks and replacements than you’ll find Vehicle’’ in the Index. See “Loading Your Vehicle” You may use your vehicle in making deliveries. See “Fuel” in the Index. in the schedules in this section. CertificationEire label. see your GM dealer. you may drive it to work. dusty weather. Or you may drive limits. You will find these limits on your vehicle’s long distances all the time in very hot. So please read this section and note how you drive. questions on how to keep your vehicle in good condition. But we don’t know exactly bow you’ll drive it.Part A: Scheduled Maintenance The proper fluids and lubricants to use are listed in Part D. See vehicles. Here’s howto decide which go to your dealer for your service needs. If you right for your vehicle. Or in the Index. If you have any use the recommended fuel. Make sure whoever services your vehicle Services uses these. driving limits.

000 Miles (25 000 km): Air Cleaner Filter driving in stop-and-go traffic). Axle Service (or 3 months. whichever occurs first). whichever occurs first).000 Miles (166 000 km): Cooling System you operate your vehicle under any of these conditions Service (or every60 months. Most trips include extensive idling (such as frequent Every 15. These intervals only summarize maintenance services.000 Miles (83 000 km): Automatic your vehicle. You frequently tow a trailer or use a carrier on top of Every 50.Maintenance Schedule I Short TripKity Definition Short Trip/City Intervals Follow the ShortTripKity Maintenance Schedule if any Every 3. -- At 6. Fuel Filter Replacement. One of the reasons you should follow this scheduleif Every 100. if driving in dustyconditions.000 Miles (50 000 km): Air Cleaner Filter Replacement.000 Miles(20 000 km): Tire Rotation. whichever occurs first). is that these conditionscause engine oil to break Spark Plug Wire Inspection. Drive Most trips are less than 5 to 10 miles (8 to 16 km). This is particularly important when outside temperatures are below freezing.000 Miles (10 000 km) Then Every 12. down soonex Positive Crankcase Ventilation (PCV) Valve Inspection. Cap and Lines Inspection. Every 30. Front Wheel Bearing Repack (2WD only) (or at each brake You operate your vehicle in dusty areas or relining. Be sure to followthe complete maintenance schedule on the following pages. police. whichever occurs first). Fuel Tank. Accessory Drive Belt Inspection. Transmission Service (severe conditions only). Spark Plug Replacement. If the vehicle is used for delivery service.000 Miles (100 000km): Engine or other commercial application. Inspection. taxi Every 60.000 Miles (5 000 km): Engine Oil and Filter one of these conditions istrue for your vehicle: Change (or 3 months. Chassis Lubrication (or 3 months. off-road frequently. whichever occurs first). 7-4 .

whichever occurs first). These intervals onlysummarize maintenance services. Drive Axle Service.000 Miles (50 000 km): Fuel Filter Replacement. 7-5 .000 Miles (83 000 km): Automatic Transmission Service (severe conditions only). Every 60. whichever occurs first).000 Miles(25 000 km): Tire Rotation. Schedule is true.500 Miles (12 500 km): Engine Oil and rllter conditions from the Short Trip/City Maintenance Change (or every 12 months.000 Miles (100 000 km): Engine Accessory Drive Belt Inspection. Positive Crankcase Ventilation (PCV)Valve Inspection. Front Wheel Bearing Repack (2WD only) (or at each brake relining. Every 50. whichever occurs first). Be sure to follow the complete maintenance schedule otl the following pages. Air Cleaner Filter Replacement. Cap and Lines Inspection. Driving a vehicle with a fully warmed engine under highway conditions causes engineoil to break -- At 7.Maintenance Schedule 1 Long TripMighway Definition Follow this maintenance schedule only ir none of the Every 7. Every 30. Fuel Tank.000 Miles (166000 km): Cooling System Service (or every 60 months.500 Miles (12 500 km) Then Every down slower: 15. Chassis Lubrication (or every 12 months. Every 100. Spark Plug Wire Inspection. whichever occurs first). Spark Plug Replacement.

000 miles (25 000 km).000 miles (25 000 km). 7-6 . If driving in Footnotes dusty areas or towing a trailer. performed at the indicated intervals and the maintenance 0 More frequent lubrication maybe required for be recorded.000 miles e Locking Differential -. We.000 miles ** Drive axle service: (1 66 000 km) should be performed after 100. drain fluid and refill urge that all recommended maintenance services be every 15.Check fluid level and add failure to perform this maintenance item will not nullify the emission warranty or limit recall liability priorto the fluid as needed at every oil change. At subsequent oil changes. heavy-duty or off-road use. Environmental Protection Agency or the every 15. If driving in completion of the vehicle’s useful life. California Air Resources Boardhas determined that the e Standard Differential -.Drain fluid and refill at first (166 000 km) at the same intervals: engine oil change.S. Short TripKity Maintenance Schedule The services shown in thisschedule up to 100.drain fluid and refill The U. however. check fluid level and add fluidas needed. dusty areas or towing a trailer.

Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule 3. brake pedal springs and clutch pedal springs at pedal springs and clutch pedal springs at every oil change. whichever occurs first). whichever occurs first).000 Miles (5 000 km) 6. every oil change (or every 3 months. ball joints. 0Lubricate the front suspension.000 Miles (10 000 km) 0Change engine oil and filter (or every Cl Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months. An Emission Control Service. ball joints. whichever occurs first). 0Check readfront axle fluid level and add (Continued) fluid as needed. brake propshaft splines. Check constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking? DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED B Y 7-7 . parking brake cable guides. 0Lubricate the front suspension. propshaft splines. linkage. An Ewission Control Service. steering linkage and transfer case shift steering linkage and transfer case shift linkage. parking brake cable guides.(or every 3 months. universal joints. whichever occurs first). universal joints. 3 months.

whichever occurs first). propshaft splines. parking brakecable guides. Check constant velocity joints and axle sealsfor leaking. universal joints. Check constant velocity 3 months.000 Miles (15 000 km) 0Check readfront axle fluid level and add 0Change engine oil and filter (0lr e ~ fluid as needed. See “Tire Inspection and 0Lubricate the frontsuspension. whichever occurs first). Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation steering linkage and transfer case shift pattern and additional information.** An Emission Control Service. 0Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. 0Rotate tires.** ~~ DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED B Y DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY: 7-8 . ball joints.I Short TripKity Maintenance Schedule 1 6. brake pedal springs and clutch pedal springs at every oil change (or every 3 months. joints and axle seals for leaking.000 Miles (10 000 km) (Continued) 9. linkage.

3 months. whichever occurs first). ball joints. universal joints.*'* necessary. whichever occurs first). Check constant velocity in dusty conditions.000 Miles (25 000 km) 0Change engine oil and filter (or every 0Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months. ball joints. parking brake cable guides. 0Lubricate the front suspension. parking brake cable guides. brake pedal springs and clutch pedal springs at pedal springs and clutch pedal springs at every oil change (or every 3 months. whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service. propshaft splines. linkage. brake propshaft splines.? I DATE I ACTUALMILEAGE ISERVICED B Y I (Continued) 7-9 . steering linkage and transfer case shift steering linkage and transfer case shift linkage. universal joints. An Emission Control Service. every oil change (or every 3 months.I Short TripKity MaintenanceSchedule I 12. An Emission Control Service.000 Miles(20 000 km) 15. whichever occurs first). 0Lubricate the front suspension. Replace filter if joints and axle seals for leaking. 0Check readfront axle fluid level and add 0Inspect air cleaner filter if you are driving fluid as needed.

' Short TripKity Maintenance Schedule 15. Check constant velocity 3 months. Check readfront axle fluid level and add Change engine oil and filter (or every fluid as needed. whichever occurs first). ! 18.** An Emission Control Service. universal joints. linkage. t DATE I ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY: I .000 Miles '(25000 km) (Continwkd). brake pedal springs and clutch.pedal springs at every oil change (or every 3 months. ball joints. parking brake cable guides.000 Miles (30 000 km) ' . 0For Two-Wheel-Drive vehicles only: Clean 0Lubricate the front suspension. joints and axle seals for leaking. and repack the front wheel bearings (or at steering linkage and transfer case shift each brake relining. whichever occurs first). propshaft splines. whichever occurs-first).

** DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED B Y I DATE I ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED B Y I J . See “Tire Inspection and 17 Lubricate the front suspension. tire rotation. check brake calipers for propshaft splines. 0Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking. whichever occurs first).** An Emission Control Service. parking brake cable guides. Short TripKity Maintenance Schedule 21. During linkage. whichever occurs first). ball joints. Check constant velocity 3 months. Refer to the pedal springs and clutch pedal springs at appropriate GM service manual for proper every oil change (or every 3 months. joints and axle seals for leaking.000 Miles (35 000 km) 0Check readfront axle fluid level and add 0Change engine oil and filter (or every fluid as needed. 0Rotate tires. universal joints. Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation steering linkage and transfer case shift pattern and additional information. brake freedom of movement. caliper service procedures.

Short Trip/City MaintenanceSchedule 24. ball joints. An Emission Control Service. steering linkage and transfer case shift steering linkage and transfer case shift linkage. brake propshaft splines. Check constant velocity fluid as needed.000 Miles (40 000 km) ' 27. 0Check readfront axle fluid level and add 0Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. whichever occurs first). whichever occurs first). every oil change (or every 3 months. 3 months.** DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY: 7-12 . whichever occurs first). balljoints. An Emission Control Service. linkage. brake pedal springs and clutch pedal springs at pedal springs and clutch pedal springsat every oil change (or every 3 months.** joints and axle seals for leaking. 0Lubricate the front suspension. parking brake cable guides. 0Lubricate the front suspension.000 Miles (45 000 km) 0Change engine oil and filter (or every 0Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months. universal joints. propshaft splines. Checkconstant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking. whichever occurs first). parking brake cable guides. universal joints.

pedal springs and clutch pedal springs at During tire rotation. An Emission Control Service. universal joints. Refer to the whichever occurs first).? An Emission Control Service. 0Lubricate the front suspension. See “Tire Inspection and linkage. for freedom of movement. whichever occurs first). 0Replace air cleaner filter. brake pattern and additional information. parking brake cable guides. steering linkage and transfer case shift 0Rotate tires. 7-13 . ball joints.** 0For Two-Wheel-Drive vehicles only: Clean DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY: and repack the front wheel bearings (or at each brake relining.000 Miles (50 000 km) 0Change engine oil and filter (or every 0Replace fuel filter. Check constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking. Short TripKity Maintenance Schedule 30. appropriate GM service manual for proper 0Check readfront axle fluid level and add caliper service procedures. fluid as needed. whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service. check brake calipers every oil change (or every 3 months. 3 months. Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation propshaft splines.

Checkconstant velocity fluid as needed. At1 Emission Control Service. linkage. 0Lubricate the front suspe. An Emission Contt-ol Service. parking brake cable guides. whichever occurs first). universal joints. balljoints.000 Miles (60 000 km) 0Change engine oil and filter (or every 0Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months.** joints and axle seals for leaking.000 Miles (55 000 km) 36. 0Lubricate the front suspension. 3 months.nsion. every oil change (or every 3 months. brake propshaft splines. ball joints. whichever occurs first). 0Check readfront axle fluid level and add 17 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. brake pedal springs and clutch pedal springs at pedal springs and clutch pedal springs at every oil change (or every 3 months. whichever occurs first). Check constant velocity < joints and axle seals for leaking. propshaft splines. whichever occurs first). steering linkage and transfer case shift steering linkage and transfer caseshift linkage.** DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED B Y ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED B Y 7-14 . universal joints. parking brake cable guides.I Short TripKity Maintenance Schedule I 33.

brake propshaft splines. Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule 39.000 Miles (65 000 km) 42. every oil change (or every 3 months.000 Miles (70 000 km) 0Change engine oil and filter (or every 0Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months. An Emission Control Service. Check constant velocity joints and.. whichever occurs first). 0Lubricate the front suspension. propshaft splines. universal joints. ball joints. whichever occurs first). 0Check readfront axle fluid level and add (Continued) fluid as needed. whichever occurs first). parking brake cable guides.axle seals for leaking? 7-15 . brake pedal springs and clutch pedal springs at pedal springs and clutch pedal springs at every oil change (or every 3 months. universal joints. linkage.. steering linkage and transfer case shift steering linkage and transfer case shift linkage. whichever occurs first). 3 months. ball joints. parking brake cable guides. 0Lubricate the front suspension. An Emission Control Service.

I I Short TripKity Maintenance Schedule I 42. ' . '.i DATE -. ~ appropriate GM service manual for properevery oil change (or every 3 months. parking brake cable gu. . steering linkage and transfer case shift I 'pattern and additional information. . .'Check constant velocity 3 months.** .. .... . ~ ... T i ' .whichever occurs first). . . .I . .. '' i caliper service procedures. '. See "Tire Inspection and 0Lubricate the front suspension.i .. .... 0Check readfront axle fluid level and add . universal joints. r. .- 1 17 Check readfront axle fluid level and add 0Change engine oil and filter (or every . . . = .ides. . . 1 .. brake freedom of movement. . . Check constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.. . #7 . .I. . . : .. ~ -Rotation" in the Index for proper rotation.. . . . . . .. ' I 0Rotate tires.** An Emission Control Service. _ t. . tire rotation.a. During linkage. . joints and axle seals forleaking. > . I .. . Refer to the pedal springs and clutch pedal springs at I.000 Miles (75000 km) ~ . . check brake calipers for propshaft splines. . I . .. I fluid as needed. ..:' fluid as needed. . 7-16 ._ . s. . . . . ACTUAL MILEAGE ' SERVICED BY: ... .'. _. whichever occurs first)..000 Miles '(70000 km) (Continued) 1 45. ball joints. . .

0Inspect air cleaner filter if you are driving 0Lubricate the front suspension. propshaft splines. universal joints. An Emission Control Service. Check constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking. parking brake cable guides.I ShortTrip/CityMaintenanceSchedule I 48. in dusty conditions.Replace filter if steering linkage and transfer case shift necessary. An Emission Control Service. . whichever occurs first). balljoints. whichever occurs first). 0Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed.000 Miles (80 000 km) 0For Two-Wheel-Drive vehicles only: Clean 0Change engine oil and filter (or every and repack thefront wheel bearings (or at 3 months. each brake relining. brake pedal springs and clutch pedal springs at every oil change (or every 3 months. whichever occurs first).** DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED B Y DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY: 7-17 .? linkage.

I Short TripKity Maintenance Schedule I 50. . police or delivery service. the fluid and filter donot one or moreof these conditions: require changing. DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY: 7-18 .When doing frequent trailer towing.In hilly or mountainous terrain.000 Miles (83 000 km) 0Change automatic transmission fluid and lfyou do not LW your vehicle under any of filter if the vehicle is mainly driven under these conditions. . temperature regularly reaches90 F O (32°C) orhigher.In heavy city traffic where the outside Manual transmission fluid doesn’t require change. . .Uses such as found in taxi.

0Check readfront axle fluid level and add (Continued) fluid as needed. universal joints. An Emission Control Service. 0Lubricate the front suspension. whichever occurs first). parking brake cable guides. linkage. steering linkage and transfer case shift steering linkage and transfer case shift linkage. parking brake cable guides. universal joints. Check constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking. 3 months. brake propshaft splines.000 Miles (85 000 km) 54. ball joints. whichever occurs first)."" 7-19 .000 Miles (90 000 km) 0Change engine oil and filter (or every 0Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months. brake pedal springs and clutch pedal springs at pedal springs and clutch pedal springs at every oil change (or every 3 months. every oil change (or every 3 months.I Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule I 51. An Emission Control Service. El Lubricate the front suspension. whichever occurs first). ball joints. propshaft splines. whichever occurs first).

See “Tire Inspection and 0Lubricate the front suspension. brake freedom of movement. universal joints. parking brake cable guides.’ Refer to the pedal springs. . 0Check readfront axle fluid level and . andclutch pedal springs at appropriate GM service manual for proper every oil change (or every 3 months. tire rotation. whichever occurs first).000 Miles (95 000 km) 0Check readfront axle fluid level and add 0Change engine oil and filter (or every fluid as needed. Rotate tires. During linkage. check brake calipers for propshaft splines.I Short TripKity Maintenance Schedule 1 54.** An Emission Control Service. ’ Rotation’’ in the Index for proper rotation steering linkage and transfer case shift pattern and additional information. Check constant velocity . joints and axle. joints and axle seals for leaking. caliper service procedures.add . Check constant velocity 3 months. whichever occurs first).000 Miles (90 000 km) (Continued) 57. fluid as needed.seals for leaking. ball joints. .** I DATE ACTU’AL MILEAGE SERVICED BY: DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY: 7-20 f .

brake pedal springs and clutch pedal springs at 0Replace air cleaner filter. each brake relining.? joints and axle seals for leaking. and repack the front wheel bearings (or at An Emission Control Service. every oil change (or every 3 months. An Emission Control Service.? propshaft splines. fluid as needed. ball joints. universal joints. Lubricate the front suspension. linkage.** DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED B Y 7-21 . whichever occurs first). cap and lines for damage or leaks. 0Inspect engine accessory drive belt. Check constant velocity An Emission Control Service. Replace parts as needed.000 Miles (100 000 km) c3 Change engine oil and filter (or every 0For Two-Wheel-Drive vehicles only: Clean 3 months. whichever occurs first). steering linkage and transfer case shift 0Replace fuel filter.* Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule 60. parking brake cable guides. An Emission Control Service. Inspect fuel cap gasket for any 0Check readfront axle fluid level and add damage. 0Inspect fuel tank. whichever occurs first).

3 months. steering linkage and transfercase shift steering linkage and transfercase shift linkage. balljoints. brake pedal springs and clutch pedal springs at pedal springs and clutch pedal springsat every oil change (or every 3 months. universal joints. Checkconstant velocity joints and axle sealsfor leaking? DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY: 7-22 .000 Miles (110 000 km) 0Change engine oil and filter (or every 0Change engine oil andfilter (or every 3 months. brake propshaft splines. whichever comes first). 0Lubricate the front suspension. 0Lubricate the frontsuspension. An Emission Control Service. whichever occurs first). parking brakecable guides. propshaft splines.000 Miles (105 000 km) 66. ball joints.I Short TripKity Maintenance Schedule I 63. linkage. every oil change (or every 3 months. whichever occurs first).. parking brake cable guides. whichever occurs first). 0Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. universal joints. An Emission Control Service.

parking brake cable guides. 0Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. During linkage. Check constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking. universal joints.000 Miles (115000 km) 0Check readfront axle fluid level and add 0Change engine oil and filter (or every fluid as needed. ball joints. joints and axle seals for leaking. whichever occurs first). brake freedom of movement. Refer to the pedal springs and clutch pedal springs at appropriate GM service manual for proper every oil change (or every 3 months. See “Tire Inspection and 0Lubricate the front suspension. caliper service procedures.** AIIEmission Control Service. 0Rotate tires.** I DATE I ACTUAL MILEAGE ISERVICED RYI DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED B Y 7-23 . whichever occurs first). check brake calipers for propshaft splines. tire rotation. Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation steering linkage and transfer case shift pattern and additional information. Short TripKity Maintenance Schedule 69. Check constant velocity 3 months.

steering linkage and transfercase shift linkage. whichever comes first). parking brake cable guides. universal joints.000 Miles (120 000 km) 0Change engine oil and filter (or every 0Check readfront axle fluid level and add 3 months. balljoints. fluid as needed. propshaft splines. DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY: 7-24 . Checkconstant velocity An Emission Control Service. brake pedal springs and clutch pedal springs at every oil change (or every 3 months. joints and axle sealsfor leaking.I Short TripKity Maintenance Schedule 1 72.** 0Lubricate the front suspension. whichever occurs first).

parking brake cable guides.I Short TripKity Maintenance Schedule I 75. necessary. joints and axle seals for leaking. Check constant velocity linkage. whichever occurs first). Lubricate the front suspension. whichever occurs first). Replace filter if An Emission Control Service. ball joints.000 Miles (125 000 km) 17 Change engine oil and filter (or every 0Inspect air cleaner filter if you are driving 3 months. An Emission Control Service. 0Check readfront axle fluid level and add steering linkage and transfer case shift fluid as needed. brake pedal springs and clutch pedal springs at every oil change (or every 3 months. in dusty conditions.** propshaft splines. universal joints. 0For Two-Wheel-Drive vehicles only: Clean and repack the front wheel bearings (or at each brake relining. DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY: 7-25 . whichever occurs first).

caliper service procedures. whichever occurs first). During propshaft splines. pattern and additional ‘information. brake cable guides. parking. joints and axle seals for leaking. brake tire rotation. Refer to the every oil change (or every 3 months. Short TripKity Maintenance Schedule 78. check brake calipersfor pedal springs and clutch pedal springs at freedom of movement. Checkconstant velocity An Emission Control Service. DATE SERVICED ACTUAL MILEAGE BY: 7-26 . balljoints. 0Rotate tires. appropriate GM service manual for proper whichever occurs first). universaljoints. See “Tire Inspection and steering linkage and transfer case shift Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation linkage. fluid as needed.** 0Lubricate the front suspension.000 Miles (130 000 km) 0Change engine oil andfilter (or every 0Check readfront axle fluid level and add 3 months.

Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule
81,000 Miles (135 000 km) 84,000 Miles (140 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every 0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months,- whicheveroccurs first). 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints, 0Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints,
steering linkage and transfer case shift steering linkage and transfer case shift
linkage, parking brake cable guides, linkage, parking brake cable guides,
propshaft splines, universal joints, brake propshaft splines, universal joints, brake
pedal springs and clutch pedal springs at pedal springs and clutch pedal springs at
every oil change (or every 3 months, every'oil change (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). whichever occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluid level and add Cl Check readfront axle fluid level and add
fluid as needed. Check constant velocity fluid as needed. Check constant velocity
joints and axle seals for leaking.** joints and axle seals for leaking.**
. 'DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED B Y

7 37

Short TripKity Maintenance Schedule
87,000 Miles (145 000 km) 90,000 Miles (150 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every 0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first). 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints, 0Lubricate the front suspension, balljoints,
steering linkage and transfercase shift steering linkage andtransfer case shift
linkage, parking brake cable guides, linkage, parking brakecable guides,
propshaft splines, universal joints, brake propshaft splines, universaljoints, brake
pedal springs and clutch pedal springs at pedal springs and clutch pedal springs at
every oil change (or every 3 months, every oil change (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). whichever occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluid level and add 0Check readfront axle fluid level and add
fluid as needed. Check constant velocity fluid as needed. Checkconstant velocity
joints and axle seals for leaking.** joints and axle seals for leaking.**
0For Two-Wheel-Drive vehicles only: Clean
and repack thefront wheel bearings (orat
each brake relining, whicheveroccurs first).

7-28

I Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule
93,000 Miles (155000 km)
0Replace fuel filter. 0Change engine oil and filter (or every
An Emission Control Service.? 3 months, whichever occurs first).
0Replace air cleaner filter. An Emission Control Service.
An Emission Control Service. C
l Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints,
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and steering linkage and transfercase shift
Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation linkage, parking brake cable guides,
pattern and additional information. During propshaft splines, universaljoints, brake
tire rotation, check brake calipers for pedal springs and clutch pedalsprings at
freedom of movement. Refer to the every oil change (or every 3 months,
appropriate GM service manual for proper whichever occurs first).
caliper service procedures. 0Check readfront axle fluid level and add
fluid as needed. Check constant velocity
joints and axle seals for leaking.**
I DATE I ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY: I

7-29

Short TripKity Maintenance Schedule
96,000 Miles (160 000 km) 99,000 Miles (165 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every 0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first). 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. A n Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints, 0Lubricate the front suspension, balljoints,
steering linkage andtransfer case shift steering linkage and transfer case shift
linkage, parking brakecable guides, linkage, parking brakecable guides,
propshaft splines, universal joints, brake propshaft splines, universal joints, brake
pedal springs and clutch pedal springs at pedal springs and clutch pedal springsat
every oil change (or every 3 months, every oil change (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). whichever occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluid level and add 0Check readfront axle fluid level and add
fluid as needed. Check constant velocity fluid as needed. Check constant velocity
joints and axle seals for leaking.** joints and axle seals for leaking.**
I DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED B Y I DATE I ACTUAL MILEAGE ISERVICED BY:)

7-30

Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule
100,000 Miles (166 000 km)
0Drain, flush and refill cooling system - In hilly or mountainous terrain.
(or every 60 months since last service, - When doing frequent trailer towing.
whichever occurs first). See “Engine
- Uses such as found in taxi, police or
Coolant” in the Index for what to use. delivery service.
Inspect hoses. Clean radiator, condenser,
pressure cap and neck. Pressure test Ifyou donot use your vehicle under anyof
these conditions,the fluid andjilterdo not
cooling system and pressure cap. require changing.
An Emission Control Service. 3- Manual transmission fluid doesn’t require change.
0Inspect spark plug wires.
An Emission Control Service. 0Inspect Positive Crankcase Ventilation
( P c v ) valve. An Emission Control Service.
0Replace spark plugs.
An Emission Control Service.
0Change automatic transmission fluid and
filter if the vehicle is mainly driven under
one or more of these conditions:
- In heavy city traffic where the outside
temperature regularly reaches 90 O F
(32°C) or higher.
7-31

-a
r Trip/Highway Maintenance Schedule I
The services shown in thisschedule up to 100,000 miles ** Drive axle service:
(166 000 km) should be performed after 100,000 miles 0 Locking Differential -- Drain fluid and refill at first
(166 000 km) atthe same intervals. engine oil change. Atsubsequent oil changes, check
Footnotes fluid level and addfluid as needed. If driving in
dusty areas or towing a trailer, drain fluid and refill
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or the every 15,000 miles (25 000 km).
California Air Resources Board has determined that the
failure to perform this maintenance item will not nullify
0 Standard Differential -- Check fluid level and add
the emission warranty or limit recall liability prior to the fluid as needed at everyengine oil change. If driving
completion of the vehicle’s useful life.We, however, in dusty areas or towing a trailer, drain fluid and
urge that all recommended maintenance services be refill every 15,000 miles (25 000 km).
performed at the indicated intervals and the maintenance 0 More frequent lubrication maybe required for
be recorded. heavy-duty or off-road use.

7-32

7,500 Miles (12 500 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every 0Check readfront axle fluid level and add
12 months, whichever occurs first). fluid as needed. Check constant velocity
An Emission Control Service. joints and axle seals for leaking.**
El Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints, 0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
steering linkage and transfer case shift Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
linkage, parking brake cable guides, pattern and additional information. During
propshaft splines, universal joints, brake tire rotation, check brake calipers for
pedal springs and clutch pedal springs at freedom of movement. Refer to the
every oil change (or every 12 months, appropriate GM service manual for proper
whichever occurs first). caliper service procedures.

7-33

000 Miles (25 000 km) 22. propshaft splines. every oil change (or every 12 months. parking brakecable guides. ball joints.I Long Tripmighway Maintenance Schedule 15. universal joints. An Emission Control Service. brake propshaft splines.500 Miles (37 500 km) 0Change engine oil and filter (or every 0Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months. ball joints. whichever occurs first). steering linkage andtransfer case shift steering linkage and transfercase shift linkage. An Emission Control Service. linkage. 0Lubricate the front suspension. 12 months. 0Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. whichever occurs first). parking brake cable guides. 0Lubricate the front suspension. brake pedal springs and'clutch pedal springs at pedal springs and clutch pedal springs at every oil change (or every 12 months. whichever occurs first). whichever occurs first). Check constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.** I DATE I ACTUAL MILEAGE ISERVICED BYI 7-34 . universal joints.

Check constant velocity 12 months. Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation steering linkage and transfer case shift pattern and additional information. See “Tire Inspection and 0Lubricate the front suspension.** DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED B Y (Continued) 7-35 . universal joints. Check constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking. whichever occurs first). During linkage. 30. ball joints. whichever occurs first). tire rotation. caliper service procedures.. 0Rotate tires. joints and axle seals for leaking. oil and filter (or ev fluid as needed.000 Miles (50 000 km) 0Check readfront axle fluid level and add 0Change engine . Refer to the pedal springs and clutch pedal springs at appropriate GM service manual for proper every oil change (or every 12 months. 0Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. parking brake cable guides. brake freedom of movement.** An Emission Control Service. check brake calipers for propshaft splines.

brake pedal springs and clutch.? steering linkage and transfercase shift 0Replace air cleaner filter. propshaft splines. An Emission Control Service. whichever occurs first). 0Replace fuel filter. . whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.000 Miles (50 000 km) (Continued) 37.pedal springs at every oil change (or every 12 months. each brake relining. linkage. balljoints. whichever occurs first). universaljoints. 0Lubricate the front suspension.500 Miles (62 500 km) 0For Two-Wheel-Drive vehicles only: Clean 0Change engine oil andfilter (or every and repack the front wheel bearings (or at 12 months. parking brake cable guides. An Emission Control Service. '. DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED B Y 7-36 . 30.

0Rotate tires. brake freedom of movement. whichever occurs first).I Long Tripmighway Maintenance Schedule I 45. tire rotation.000 Miles (75 000 km) 0Check readfront axle fluid level and add 0Change engine oil and filter (or every fluid as needed. Check constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking. caliper service procedures. check brake calipers for propshaft splines. 0Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed.** An Emission Control Service. See “Tire Inspection and 0Lubricate the front suspension. Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation steering linkage and transfer case shift pattern and additional information. universal joints. Check constant velocity 12 months. During linkage. Refer to the pedal springs and clutch pedal springs at appropriate GM service manual \for proper every oil change (or every 12 months. ball joints.** I DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED B Y 7-37 . parking brake cable guides. joints and axle seals for leaking. whichever occurs first).

. Long Tripmighway Maintenance Schedule 50.In heavy city traffic where the outside Manual transmission fluid doesn’t require change.Uses such as found in taxi.In hilly or mountainous terrain. . . police or delivery service. the fluid andfilter do not one or more ofthese conditions: require changing. DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY: 7-38 .000 Miles (83 000 km) 0Change automatic transmission fluid and lf you donot use your vehicle under any of filter if the vehicle is mainly driven under these conditions.When doing frequent trailer towing. . temperature regularly reaches90 FO (32°C) or higher.

whichever occurs first). joints and axle seals for leaking. universaljoints. During propshaft splines. ball joints. fluid as needed.52.** 0Lubricate the front suspension. parking brake cable guides. caliper service procedures. See “Tire Inspection and steering linkage and transfercase shift Rotation” in the Indexfor proper rotation linkage. 0Rotate tires. check brake calipersfor pedal springs and clutch pedal springs at freedom of movement. pattern and additional information. Check constant velocity An Emission Control Service. Refer to the every oil change (or every 12 months.500 Miles (87 500 km) 0Change engine oil and filter (or every 0Check readfront axle fluid level and add 12 months. appropriate GM service manual for proper whichever occurs first). ISERVICED BY: I € ACTUAL MILEAGE 7-39 . brake tire rotation.

each brake relining. linkage. Check constant velocity An Emission Control Service.? joints and axle seals for leaking. 0Lubricate the front suspension.000 Miles (100 000 km) 0Change engine oil and filter (or every 0For Two-Wheel-Drive vehicles only: Clean 12 months. Replace parts as needed. 0Inspect fuel tank.** ~~~~~ DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED B Y 7-40 . whichever occursfirst). and repack the front wheel bearings (or at An Emission Control Service. Inspect fuel cap gasket for any 0Check readfront axle fluid level and add damage. steering linkage and transfer case shift 0Replace fuel filter. 0Inspect engine accessory drive belt. parking brake cable guides. every oil change (or every 12 months. pedal springs andclutch pedal springs at An Emission Control Service. brake 0Replace air cleaner filter. fluid as needed. ball joints. An Emission Control Service. Long Tripmighway Maintenance Schedule 60. universal joints.? propshaft splines. cap and lines for damage or leaks. whichever occurs first). whichever occurs first).

ball joints. joints and axle seals for leaking. fluid as needed.’ ’ appropriate ‘GMservice‘manual for proper whichever occurs first). Check constant velocity An Emission Control Sewice.500 Miles (112 500 km) 17 Change engine oil and filter (or every 0Check readfront axle fluid level and add 12 months.linkage and transfer case shift Rotation’’ in the Index for proper rotation linkage. check brake calipers for pedal springs and clutch pedal springs at freedom of movement. Long Tripmighway lvlalntenance xneaule 1 67. parking brake cable guides. DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY: . whichever occurs first). pattern and additional information. .** 0Lubricate the front suspension. brake tire rotation. During propshaft splines. See “Tire Inspection and steering. 0Rotate tires. . Refer to the every oil change (or every 12 months. universal joints. caliper service procedures.

0Lubricate the front suspension. An Emission Control Service. propshaft splines. whichever occurs first). every oil change (or every 12 months. steering linkage and transfer case shift steering linkage andtransfer case shift linkage.000 Miles (125 000 km) 82. universal joints. whichever occurs first). brake pedal springs and clutch pedal springs at pedal springs and clutch pedal springs at every oil change (or every 12 months. whichever occurs first). whichever occurs first).** 7-42 . balljoints. universal joints. 0Lubricate the front suspension. ball joints.75. 0Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. brake propshaft splines. Check constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.500 Miles (137 500 km) 0Change engine oil andfilter (or every 0Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months. An Eunission Control Service. 12 months. linkage. parking brake cable guides. parking brakecable guides.

check brake calipers for propshaft splines. parking brake cable guides. ball joints. caliper service procedures. 0Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed.** An Emission Control Service. 0Rotate tires. universal joints. tire rotation. Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation steering linkage and transfer case shift pattern and additional information. See “Tire Inspection and 0Lubricate the front suspension. Refer to the pedal springs and clutch pedal springs at appropriate GM service manual for proper every oil change (or every 12 months.000 Miles (150 000 k t ) 0Check readfront axle fluid level and add 0Change engine oil and filter (or every fluid as needed.I Long Tripmighway Maintenance Schedule 1 90. Check constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking. joints and axle seals for leaking. brake freedom of movement. During linkage. whichever occurs first).** DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED B Y (Continued) 7-43 . Check constant velocity 12 months. whicheveroccurs first).

0Replace fuel filter. An Emission Control Service. An Emission Control Service. brake pedal springs and clutch pedal springs at every oil change (or every 12 months..90. whichever occurs first). linkage. universal joints. An Emission Control Service. whichever occurs first).? steering linkage and transfer case shift 0Replace air cleaner filter. ball joints.parking brake cable guides. I I DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY: I . propshaft splines.000 Miles (150 000 km) (Continued) 97. whichever occurs first). 0Lubricate the front suspension.Wheel-Drivevehicles only: Clean 0Change engine oil and filter (or every and repack the front wheel bearings (orat 12 months.500 Miles (162 500 km) 0For Two-. each brake relining.

caliper service procedures. flush and refill cooling system fluid as needed. freedom of movement. During pressure cap and neck. An Emission Control Service. pattern and additional information. An Emission Control Service.** whichever occurs first). (Continued) DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED B Y 7-45 . See “Engine 0Rotate tires.000 Miles (166 000 km) 0Check readfront axle fluid level ana aaa 0Drain. check brake calipers for cooling system and pressure cap. Clean radiator. appropriate GM service manual for proper 0Inspect spark plug wires. joints and axle seals for leaking.I Long Tripmighway Maintenance Schedule I 100. Rotation” in the Indexfor proper rotation Inspect hoses. See “Tire Inspection and Coolant’’ in the Index for what to use. Check constant velocity (or every 60 months since last service. 0Replace spark plugs. Pressure test the tire rotation. condenser. Refer to the An Emission Control Service.

.000 Miles (I66 000 km) (Continued) U Change automatic transmission fluid and If you do not use your vehicle under any of filter if the vehicle is mainly driven under and filter do not these conditions. DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED B Y 7-46 . police or delivery service. ( P c v ) valve. Long Trip/Highway Maintenance Schedule 100. .I. temperature regularly reaches 9OoF 0Inspect Positive Crankcase Ventilation (32O C) or higher.In heavy city traffic where the outside Manual transmission fluid doesn’t require change. the fluid one or more of these conditions: require changing.In hilly or mountainous terrain. An Emission Control Service. . .When doing frequent trailer towing.Uses such as found in taxi.

Clean ca :tte deck. Tire Inflation Check Make sure tires are inflated to the correct pressures. Check the engine oil level and add the proper oil if necessary. Check the windshield washer fluid level in the Whenever any fluids or lubricants are added to your windshield washer tank and add the proper fluid if vehicle. as shown necessary. See “Audio Systems” inthe Index for further details. See “Engine Coolant” in the ensure the safety. for further details.Part B: Owner Checksand Services Engine Coolant Level Check Listed below are owner checks and services which Check the engine coolantlevel and add the proper should be performed at the intervals specified to help coolant mix if necessary. At Each Fuel Fill At Least Once a Month It is importantfor you or a service station attendantto perform theseunderhood checks at each fuel fill. Cleaning should be done every 50 hours or tape play. Engine Oil Level Check See “Tires” in the Index for further details. See “Engine Oil” in the Index for Cassette Deck Service further details. See “Windshield Washer Fluid” in the Index in Part D. make sure they are the proper ones. 7-47 . dependability and emission control Index for further details. performance of your vehicle. Windshield Washer Fluid Level Check Be sure any necessary repairs are completed at once.

Key Lock Cylinders Service Also look for any opened or broken air bag covers. More frequent lubrication may be required when Automatic Transmission Check exposed to a corrosive environment. and Lubricate the key lock cylinders with the lubricant have them repairedor replaced. retractors and anchorages are inspected and repaired atonce. Check the transmission fluidlevel. 7-48 . add if needed. latches and locks including the See “Manual Transmission” in theIndex. compartment hinges.See Restraint System Check “Hydraulic Clutch Fluid” in the Index. Check the system and repair moving seat hardware. Lookfor any other loose or damaged safety belt system parts.If you see anything that might At Least Once a Year keep a safety belt system from doing its job. Have any tornor frayed safety belts replaced.At Least Twice a Year Hydraulic Clutch System Check Check the fluid level in the clutch reservoir. rear Check the transmission fluid level. console doors and the body hood and any may indicate a problem. pivot and prop rod pivot. does not need regular maintenance. Part D tells you what to use. have it repaired.A fluid loss may indicate a problem. Have the system belts. (The air bag system specified in Part D. latch plates. A fluid loss glove box. See “Automatic Transmission” in the Index. Check the system and repair if needed. buckles. working properly.A fluid loss in Make sure the safety belt reminder light and all your this system could indicatea problem.) Body Lubrication Service Manual Transmission Check Lubricate all body door and fuel door hinges. add if needed. Lubricate the hood safety lever if needed.

If it does. put the shiftlever the regular brake. the vehicle could injured. It should be parkedon a Brake” in the Indexif necessary) and the regular brake. If the starter works in 3. Follow thesteps below. 3. the floor. but don’t start theengine. On automatic transmission vehicles. Without applying On manual transmission vehicles. youor others could be injured. PARK (P) orNEUTRAL (N). your vehicle needs service. move suddenly. level surface. Firmly apply the parking brake (see “Parking Brake” ready to turn off the engine immediately if it starts. turn the key to the RUN any other position. in the Index if necessary). Firmly apply both the parking brake (see “Parking around the vehicle. If the shift lever and try to start the engine. your vehicle’s BTSI only when the clutch is pushed down all the way to needs service. If the starter works when the clutch isn’t pushed all the way down. position. your vehicle needs service. be sure you have enough room around the vehicle. be sure you have enough room 2. try to movethe shift lever out of in NEUTRAL (N). With the engine off. NOTE: Do not use the accelerator pedal. try to start the NOTE: Be ready to apply the regular brake engine in each gear. the vehicle could move suddenly. you or others could be When you are doingthis check. 1. Follow thesteps below. The starter should work only in immediately if the vehicle begins to move. If itdoes. and be 2. Before you start.Starter Switch Check Brake-Transmission Shift Interlock (BTSI) Check (Automatic Transmission) When you are doing thischeck. 1. push the clutch down halfway PARK (P) with normal effort. Before you start. 7-49 . The starter should work moves out of PARK (P).

On dl vehicles. set the parking brake. 7-50 .f Park on a fairly steep hill. your vehicle turn to LOCK only when the shift lever is in could begin tomove.Steering Column Lock Check Parking Brake and Automatic Transmission PARK (P) Mechanism Check While parked. try to turn the key to LOCK in each shift lever position. with the vehicle facing downhill. slowly remove foot pressure from the regular brake pedal. and with the parkingbrake set. To check the PARK (P) mechanism’s holding ability: With the engine running. You or otherscould be REVERSE (R). Then release all brakes. brake atonce should thevehicle begin to move. the key should When you are doing this check. the key should turn /!\ CAUTION: to LOCK only when the shift leveris in PARK (P). With an automatic transmission. To check the parking brake: With the engine running and transmission inNEUTRAL (N). try to turn the key sure thereis room in frontof your vehicle in case to LOCK without pressing the button. injured and property could be damaged. Keeping your foot on the regular brake.Do this until the vehicle is held by the parking brakeonly. The key should it begins to roll.Be ready to apply the regular turn to LOCK only whenyou press the key button. . With a manual transmission. the key shouldcome out only in LOCK. shift to PARK (P). Make On vehicles witha key release button.

You should let your GM dealer’s cause aheat build-up in the floor pan or could let service department or other qualified service center do exhaust fumesinto the vehicle. Look for broken. loose connections or other conditions which could spring and fall). completed at once. Proper procedures to perform these services may be Radiator and HeaterHose Inspection found in a service manual. etc. Do not lubricate accelerator and cruise control cables. Listed below are inspections and services which should missing or out-of-position parts as well as open seams. needed. fittings and clamps. binding. Replace any cables that have high effort or cracks. 7-51 . Inspect the power steering and for damage or missing parts. damaged. Inspect all pipes. swollen or deteriorated. Steering and Suspension Inspection Inspect the front and rear suspension and steering Throttle Linkage Inspection system for damaged.Part C: Periodic Maintenance Exhaust System Inspection Inspections Inspect the complete exhaust system. be performed at least twice a year (for instance. wear or lack of lubrication. excessive wear. Replace parts as lines and hoses for proper hook-up. See “Serviceand Owner Inspect the hoses and have them replaced if they are Publications” in the Index. signs of Inspect the throttle linkage for interference or binding. replace as needed. See “EngineExhaust” in these jobs. cracked. loose ormissing parts. Inspect the body near the exhaust system. leaks.Make sure any necessary repairs are the Index. chafing. each holes.

binding. drums. including axle and transfer case and add lubricant when necessary. check front for wear and cracks. chafing. wheel cylinders. Inspect disc brake pads for wear and rotors Transfer Case (All-Wheel Drive) Inspection for surface condition.You may need to have linkage. Transfer Case (Four-wheel Drive) Inspection Every 12 months or at oil change intervals. Inspectother brake parts. etc.etc. Check vent hose at transfer case for kinks and proper installation.cracks. Oil the control lever pivot point and all exposedcontrol Check parking brake adjustment. Inspect the complete system. Also inspect drum brake linings Every 12 months or at oil change intervals. or conditions result in frequent braking. check front axle and transfer case and add lubricant when necessary. More frequent lubrication may be required on off-road use. parking brake. Check venthose at transfer case for kinks and your brakes inspected more oftenif your driving habits proper installation. calipers. 7-52 . hoses for proper hook-up. leaks.Drive Axle Service Brake System Inspection Check readfront axle fluid level and add as needed. Inspect brake lines and Check constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.

Engine Oil Engine oil with the American Petroleum Institute Certified For Hydraulic Clutch Hydraulic Clutch Fluid (GM Part Gasoline Engines “Starburst” System No. (preferably distilled) and GM Power Steering GM Power Steering Fluid (GM Goodwrench@ DEX-COOL or TM System Part No. 1052535 or equivalent DOT-3 brake fluid). symbol of the proper viscosity.. 1052497 or equivalent) or for your vehicle’s engine. To Parking Brake Chassis lubricant (GM Part determine the preferred viscosity Cable Guides No. (orange-colored. silicate-free) antifreeze. Hydraulic Brake Delco Supreme I 1 Brake Fluid @ USAGE FLUIDLUBRICANT System (GM Part No. or equivalent). Havoline@DEX-COOL TM 1050017 . 3634621 or NOTE: Fluids and lubricants identified below by name.Part D: Recommended Fluids and USAGE FLUIDLUBRICANT Lubricants Coolant GM Part No. Supplement equivalent with a complete flush part number or specification may be obtained from your Sealer and refi 11.1 pt. Category LB Engine Coolant 50/50 mixture of clean water or GC-LB. See “Engine Transmission (GM Part No. NLGI Grade 2. 1052884 . GM dealer.. equivalent). 12345347 or equivalent).1 qt. conforming to GM Manual Synchromesh Transmission Fluid Specification 6277M. 12345349 or Coolant’‘ in the Index. see lubricant meeting requirements of “Engine Oil” in the Index. 7-53 .

Constant Chassis lubricant (GM Part Velocity No. Category GC or GC-LB (GMPart No. Universal Joints lubricant meeting requirements of ~~ NLGI Grade 2. Category LB Clutch. 1052271)-orSAE 8OW-90 NLGI Grade 2. or GC-LB. 12346241 orequivalent). or GC-LB. 1052497 or equivalent) or Joint lubricant meeting requirements of Front Wheel Wheel bearing lubricant meeting NLGI Grade 2. Category LB Bearin requirements of NLGI Grade 2. Shift Lever. Washer Solvent (GM Part No. Pushrod Chassis lubricant (GM Part or GC-LB. 105 1344 'orequivalent). 1052497 or equivalent)or or GC-LB. Key Lock Multi-Purpose Lubricant. Category LB Lubrication No. to Clutch Fork No. ' DEXRON@-I11Automatic Transmission Fluid. 1051515) or equivalent. . 1052497 or equivalent) or -~~~~ Propeller Shaft lubricant meeting requirements of Chassis Chassis lubricant (GM Part Slip Splines and NLGI Grade 2. No. Cylinders Superlube (GM Part @ Transfer Case Chassis lubricant (GM Part No. USAGE FLUID/LUBRICANT USAGE FLUIDILUBRICANT Automatic DEXRON@-I11Automatic Windshield GM Optikleen' Washer Solvent Transmission Transmission Fluid. Axle Lubricant (GM Part Universal Joint lubricant meeting requirements of Front and Rear No. 1052497 or equivalent) or Differential. . Category LB Axle GL-5 Gear Lubricant.

valves and spark plugs. Gas Line De-Icer (GM Part II’ II or GC-LB. Superlube (GM Part @ No. . Multi-purpose lubricant.Spring Anchor and Release Pawl Lubriplate lubricant aerosol (GM Part No. 12346241 or equivalent). 10515 16). No. Category LB Weatherstrip Squeaks Gas Line. ~ USAGE FLUID/LUBRICANT USAGE FLUIDLUBRICANT Hood Latch Assembly Pivots. 7-55 . 12345579 or equivalent). 12346293 or equivalent) or lubricantmeeting requirements of NLGI Grade 2. Mounted Spare Superlube. replacement filters.@(GM Part See “Replacement Parts” in the Index for recommended’ Tire Cader (if No. equipped). 12346241 or equivalent). Tailgate Multi-purpose lubricant. Outer Tailgate Handle Pivot Points and Hinges Weatherstrip Dielectric Silicone Grease(GM Conditioning Part No.

you should retain all in the boxes providedafter the maintenance interval. maintenance receipts. Part E: Maintenance Record After the scheduled services are performed. Also. Your owner information portfolio Any additional information from “Owner Checks and is a convenient place to store them. odometer reading and who performed the service the following record pages. record the Services” or “Periodic Maintenance” can be added on date. Maintenance Record ODOMETER READING DATE SERVICED BY MAINTENANCE PERFORMED 7-56 .

Maintenance Record ODOMETER DATE READING SERVICED BY MAINTENANCE PERFORMED 7-57 .

I I Maintenance Record DATE I ODOMETER READING I SERVICED BY 1 MAINTENANCE PERFORMED I 7-58 .

any concern you may 8-1 . This section also tells you how to obtain service publications and howto report any safety defects. This section includes information on: 0 The Customer Satisfaction Procedure 0 Customer Assistance for Text Telephone (TTY) Users 0 Roadside Assistance 0 Courtesy Transportation 0 BBB Auto Line -.Alternative Dispute Resolution Program 0 Reporting Safety Defects 0 Service and Owner Publications Your satisfaction and goodwill are important to your dealer and Chevrolet. Normally. Section 8 CustomerAssistanceInformation Here you will find out how to contact Chevrolet if you Customer Satisfaction Procedure need assistance.

. In Canada. and they are eager to resolve your concern to 1-800-496-9993 (Spanish) your complete satisfaction. Antigua and the British Manager. Your dealer has the facility. Barbados.have with your vehicle can be handled by your selling or For help outside of the United Statesand Canada. Service. contact theowner of the dealership or the Virgin Islands: 1-800-534-0 122 General Manager. contact the Chevrolet Customer Assistance Center by calling 1-800-222. trained the following numbers as appropriate: technicians.1020. or Parts In Bermuda. In all other Caribbean countries: 1-809-763-1315 STEP TWO -. Virgin Islands: 1-800-496-9994 resolved to your satisfaction. Normally. contact GM of Canada Customer Assistance Center in Oshawa by calling 1-800-263-3777 (English) or 1-800-263-7854 (French). Chevrolet has empowered its dealers to make decisions and repair In Puerto Rico: 1-800-496-9992 (English) or vehicles. If your concern has not been In the U S .If the matter has In theBahamas:1-800-389-0009 already been reviewed with theSales. call servicing dealer. special tools and up-to-date information to In Mexico:(525) 625-3256 promptly address any issue which may arise. call GM North American cannot be resolved by thedealership without further Export Sales in Canada at: 1-905-644-4 112 help. take the following steps: In the Dominican Republic: 1-800-75 1-4135 STEP ONE -.If after contacting a member of dealership management. it appears your concern 0 In other overseas locations. concernscan be quickly resolved at that level.Discuss your concern with a (English) or 1-800-751-4136 (Spanish) member of dealer management.

using the dealer's facilities. hard-of hearing.O. Any TTY user can communicate with prompt attention. the topleft of the instrumentpanel and visible through the windshield. home and business When contacting Chevrolet. please have the following Refer to your Warranty andOwner Assistance information availableto give the Customer Information booklet for. However.) Chevrolet Motor Division Chevrolet Customer Assistance Center P. 'That is 0 Vehicle Identification Number (This is available why we suggest you fol1o.w Step One first if you have from the vehicle registration or title. please remember that your telephone numbers concern will likely be resolved in the dealership. Box 7047 Troy. equipment and personnel. if you wish to write Chevrolet by dialing: 1-800-833-CHEV. or Nature of concern speech-impaired and who use Text Telephones (TTYs). (TTY users in Chevrolet. Vehicle delivery date and present mileage To assist customers who. address.) Custdmer Assistance. Chevrolet has TTY equipment available at its Customer We encourage you to call us so we can giveyour inquiry Assistance Center. write to: Canada can dial 1-800-263-3830. orthe plate at a concern. Your name. MI 48007-7047 8-3 .for Text Dealership name and location Telephone (TTY) Users 0. addresses of Canadian and Assistance Representative: GM Overseas offices.-are deaf.For prompt assistance.

by calling 1-800-CHEV-USA (1 -800-243-8872). Basic Care and Courtesy” Care: 0 Toll-free number. 1-800-CHEV-USA 0 Free towing for warranty repairs 0 Basic over-the-phone technical advice 0 Available dealer services at reasonable costs (ie. This toll-free number will provide you over-the-phone roadside assistance with minor mechanical problems. ouradvisors have access to a nationwide network of dealer recommended service providers. Chevrolet is excited to announce the ROADSIDE Courtesy” Care PROVIDES: establishment of the Chevrolet/Geo Roadside Assistance Roadside Basic Cure services (as outlined above) Center. wrecker services. 365 days a year. If your problem cannot be resolved over the phone.Chevrolet Roadside AssistanceProgram Roadside Assistance is available24 hours a day. locksmith/key service. glass repair. Roadside membership is free.. etc. Plus: membership in Roadside Assistanceis free. 0 FREE Non-Warranty Towing (to the closest dealer from a legal roadway) 8-4 .) To enhance Chevrolet’s strong commitment to customer satisfaction. As the ownerof a 1996 Chevrolet/Geo. however some services may incur costs. Roadside offers two levelsof service to the customer.

Chevrolet reserves the right to modify or discontinue Basic Care and Courtesy Cure at any time. our advisors will explain 0 FREE Fuel Delivery ($5 of fuel delivered on any payment obligations that may be incurred for the road) utilizing outside services. see your Chevrolet/Geo on the road or locked inside) dealer to obtain a Roadside Assistance Center brochure. Courtesy following available to give to the advisor: Transportation will be offered in conjunction with the coverage provided by the Bumper To Bumper New VehicleIdentificationNumber Vehicle Limited Warranty to eligible purchasers of 1996 Licenseplatenumber Chevrolet/Geo passenger car and light duty trucks. included in the coverage provided by the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.000 miles. When roadside services are required. Vehiclecolor (Please see your selling dealer for details. please have the for customers needing warranty service. Chevrolet/Geo offers Courtesy Transportation For prompt assistance when calling. Please refer to the Roadside Assistance brochure inside Basic Care and Courtesy Care are not part of or your owner information portfolio forfull program details. All Courtesy Care services must be pre-arranged by Chevrolet Roadside or Dealer 0 Description of problem Service Management. 0 Vehiclemileage whichever occurs first. FREE Locksmith/Key Service (when keys are lost For complete program details. 0 FREE Flat Tire Service (spare installed on the road) The Roadside Assistance Center uses companies that FREE Jump Start (at home or on the road) will provide you with quality and priority service.) Vehiclelocation Note: Courtesy Care is available to Retail and Retail Lease Customers operating 1996 and newer Chevrolet/Geo 0 Telephone number where you can be reached vehicles for a period of 36 months/36. 8-5 .

etc.e. warranty service. Please refer to the late in the day. friend. If 10 miles) for same-day warranty repairs. constitute overnight repairs. All Courtesy Transportation arrangements will be This program is offered in conjunction with the administered by your GMCTruck dealership service 36 month/36.) in GMC Truck Commitment Plus offers courtesy lieu of rentalfor overnight warranty repair upto transportation for customers when obtaining five day maximum. you are under 21 and have difficulty renting a vehicle. for service on the next day. GMC Truck will reimburse upto $30/day for documented transportation you receive. neighbor. cab. All requests should reflect actual costs New Vehicle Liinited Warranty.or up to a Vehicles purchased inCanada have an extensive $30 allowance for a rental vehicle.) 0 Gas allowance of upto $10 a day for rides provided Courtesy Transportation by another'person (i. 8-6 .000 mile Bumper To Bumper management. p and not to exceed the maximum allowable ~ l to dollar limits. busor other Roadside Assistance program accessible from anywhere transportation in lieu of a loaner.does not separate brochure provided by thedealer or call 1-800-268-6800 for emergency services.. (Bringing vehicles in in Canada or the United States. Courtesy transportation includes: Some state insu nce regulations make it impractical ~~ 0 One way shuttle ride from the dealership (up to to rent vehicles to people under 21 years of age.Canadian Roadside Assistance 0 A loaner vehicle will be made available for overnight warranty repairs up to a five day maximum.

Canadian owners refer to your If you are not satisfied after following the Customer Warranty and Owner Assistance Information booklet. The Roadside Assistance program is disagreements. BBB AUTO LINE Both Chevrolet and your Chevrolet dealer are committed Council of Better Business Bureaus to making sure you are completely satisfied with your new 4200 Wilson Boulevard vehicle. Please consult your Vehicle Limited Warranty. can assist in arriving at a solution to a disagreement interim transportation may be available under the regarding vehicle repairs or interpretation of the New Courtesy Transportation Program. to customers who currently own or lease a GM vehicle. Chevrolet voluntarily participates in available only in the United States and Canada. you may contact the BBB using General Motors reserves the right to change eligibility the toll-free telephone number. This program is available free of charge *This program may not be available in all states. Telephone: 1-800-955-5 100 8-7 .if' a situation Suite 800 arises where you feel your concern has not been Arlington. Our experience has shown that. To assist in resolving these dealer for details.For warranty repairs during the Complete Vehicle There may be instances where an impartial third party Coverage period in the New Vehicle Limited Warranty. VA 22203 adequately addressed. Satisfaction Procedure. depending on state law. the Customer Satisfaction Procedure described earlier in this section is very successful. GM Participation in BBB AUTO BBB AUTO LINE is an out-of-court program LINE -. or write them at the limitations and/or to discontinue its participation in following address: this program.Alternative Dispute administered by the Better Business Bureau system to settle disputes between customers and automobile Resolution Program* manufacturers. BBB AUTO LINE.

If you believe that your vehicle hasa defect which could We prefer you utilize the Customer Satisfaction cause a crash or could cause injury or death. an informal hearing will be scheduled investigation. you will be asked to provide your name REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS and address. it may open an unsuccessful. bound by that decision.C. and GOVERNMENT other factors. The entire dispute resolution To contact NHTSA. If you accept the decision. you should Procedure before you resortto AUTO LINE. Washington. area) or write to: Some state laws may require you to use this program NHTSA. 8-8 .To file a claim. and if it finds that a safety defect exists in where eligible customers may present theircase to an a group of vehicles.1020. Department of Transportation before filing a claim with a state-run arbitration program Washington. GM will be General Motors. D. TO THE UNITED STATES Eligibility is limited by vehicle age and mileage. between you and Chevrolet. in addition to to resolve the complaint serving as an intermediary notifying General Motors. campaign. vehicle safety from the Hotline. your dealer or accept or reject. U. contact the BBB at 1-800-955-5 100 or the Chevrolet Customer You can also obtain other information about motor Assistance Center at 1-800-222. your Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) and a statement of the natureof your complaint. you may either call the Auto Safety procedure should ordinarily take about 40 days from the Hotline toll-free at 1-800-424-9393 (or 366-0123 in the time you file a claim until a decision is made. However. but you immediately inform the National Highway Traffic may contact the BBB at any time. If this mediation is If NHTSA receives similar complaints.C. it may order a recall and remedy impartial third-party arbitrator. For further information.The BBB will attempt Safety Administration (NHTSA).S. NHTSA cannot become involved The arbitrator will make a decision which you may in individual problems between you. 20590 or in the courts. D.

Or.1020 or write: Service manuals. . . . Please call us at 1-800-222. .. . . You may write to: Transport Canada Box 8880 Ottawa. and you believe that your vehicle has a safety defect. service bulletins. Ontario L l H 8P7 8-9 . . P. . Box 7047 Troy. . we certainly hope you’ll notify us. 1-800-668-5539 General Motors of Canada Limited Customer Assistance Center 1908 Colonel Sam Drive Oshawa. . .REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS TO Service and Owner Publications THE CANADIAN GOVERNMENT If you live in Canada. please call us at 1-800-263-3777 (English) United States . . you should immediately notify Transport Canada. write: Canada .O. . owner’s manuals and Chevrolet Motor Division other service literature are available for purchase for all Chevrolet Customer Assistance Center current and many past model GeneralMotors vehicles. in addition to notifying General Motors of Canada Limited. Michigan 48007-7047 Toll-free telephone numbers for ordering information: In Canada. 1-800-55 1-4 123 or 1-800-263-7854 (French).. Ontario K1 G 352 REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS TO GENERAL MOTORS In addition to notifying NHTSA (or Transport Canada) in a situation like this.

In some cases understanding of their vehicle. owners with the appropriate skill level or training who equipment and safety procedures necessaryto service wish to perform “do-it-yourself’ service. warranty folders and various owner bulletins are created to help the technician perform assistance booklets provide owners with general better service. 8-10 . Service Bulletins Subscriptions are available. Since these bulletins are issued throughout authentic General Motors service manuals meant for the model year and beyond. sent to all General Motors dealerships. an index is required and professional. others will describe expensive service. and others information for all chassis and body systems. specialized tools. Theyare also useful for bulletins refer to service manuals. You can order an index at the toll-free numbers listed previously. Some will describe inexpensive service. Owner’s manuals. These are the vehicle. Service bulletins may be useful for owners who wishto get a greater are meant for qualified technicians.Service Manuals number of vehicles. Some Service manuals contain diagnostic and repair will advise of new or unexpected conditions. qualified technicians.or ask a GM Service bulletins covering various subjects are regularly dealer to see an index or individual bulletin. Service bulletins may involve any operation and maintenance information. When service methods Owner Publications are found which promote better service on GM vehicles. GM monitors product performance in thefield. They may help avoid future costly repairs. published quarterly to help identify specific bulletins.

. . . . . . . . . . .. . . 7-50 ReadinessLight . . . . . . .. . . . . . .. . . . . . . . Tire . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-21 When Should it Inflate . ... ... . . . . . . . . .. . . .. . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . 2-13 What Makes it Inflate . 5-2 Antenna. . . . . . . .. 1-23 Starting Your Engine .. .. . .. . .. . . . . . .. ...68. . 1-21 Rear . .3-17 Audio Systems . . . . . . . 1-18 Adding Equipment . .. .. . . .. . . . . . . . Cleaning . . . . . . . . .. . . .. . . . .. . . . . . . . . . .. . . . 6-28 Armrest. . .. . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . .. . . . 8-7 BrakeFluid . . . . 8-7 Materials . . .. . . . . .. .53. . . . . 2-67 9-1 . . . ... . . . . .. . .. . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . 1-21 Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . .. . . . . . . .. . . . . . 1-20 Operation . . . . . . .... . . ..... .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21. .. .. . . . .. . .. . . . .. . . . .. 3-5 Add-on Equipment . .. . . . Blade Replacement . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . .. . .. . . . . . . . . .. . . KeylessEntry . . .. .. . . . . . . . . . . 2. . .. . . 6-54 Jump Starting . . . . . . . .. . . . . .. . 6-56 Better Business Bureau Mediation . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . 2-66 Aluminum Wheels. . . . . . .. .. . .. . . . . . .. . .20 ChargeLight . . .. .. .. . . . . . . . . .. . . . ... . . . . . .. . . . . . . ..Parking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . .. .. . . . . . . . . . .. . .. . . . . . . .. . .. . . 6-40 Alignment and Balance. . .. .. . . . . . . . . . . .. . . .. . . 4-46 Automatic Overdrive . .. .. . . . . . .' . . . . . . . .. . . 2-59 Ashtrays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . .. . . . . . . . . .... . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . .. 1-23 Check .. . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . .. . . . ... . .4. . . . . .. . . .. . . . . . . 2-16 Servicing . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . 8-7 Arbitration Program . .. . . . .. . . 2-26 BrakeSystemWarningLight . . . .. . . . . .. . .. . .. 1-20 Park Mechanism Check . 3-18 Replacement. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-16 Location . . . . . 6-32 All-WheelDrive . 2-58 Adding Sound Equipment . . . . . . 6-48 BBBAuto Line . . .. . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . .. . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. . . 6-14 How it Works .. . . .. .. . . .. . . . . . . . . . 5-2 Appearancecare . . . .. . .. . . . . . ... . .. 7-48 How Does it Restrain . . .6. . . . . . . . . .19. . 3-2 Refrigerants . . . .54 Brake. . . . . . .. . . . . . .6 Warnings . .. . .. .. . . . 1-22 Front . . . . . 2. . ... . . . . . .. . . . . . .. . . . . . .. . . . .. . . . . .. . .. . . ... . . 2. .. . . . ... . . . . . . . . . ... . . . . . .. . .. . . .. ... 1-21 Axle What You See After it Inflates .. . . . . . . . . . . I . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . ..... . . . Storage . . . . . . .6-19 Aircleaner . . . . . . . . .. .. .. . . . . . ... . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . .. . .. . . . 6-64 Backglass Wipers. . . . Fixed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . 6-46 Battery .. . . . .. . 2-66 Shifting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . .. .. AirBag . .. . . . . .. 2-6 Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light . . .. . . .. . Section 9 Index Accessory Power Outlet . . .2. .. . . . . . . 6-13 Air Conditioning .. . . .. . . . . . . . .. .. . . . . . . . . . . .. .. . .. .. . . . . . . . .. . . . ... . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . .. . . . . .. . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. ... .. . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . ... . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . .

.......... .. ...... . .. .. .... . .. 6-52 ...... .. Vinyl Cassette Tape Player ................ . ........ .. .. . ..... ... .... ..... ........ ..... . . . .. .. . . .. ......... .......... ........ .. . Brakes Adjustment . ..... .......... .. 2.. ............... .... 3-1 C1ock. ............... ................... Backglass and Wiper Blades ...... ........ . ......... 3-18 Wheels ..... ... ... ..... . ..Checking Your Restraint Systems ... ......... 6-51 ....... . ........ .. 2-45 Fabric ........ .. . .... ... : .. . . ... . ................... 7-49 Circuit Breakers and Fuses .............. .. ... . . 3-12 Charging System Light .. 3-7. ....... 6-49 BTSICheck .............. .....42............ .. ............. ...7.... ..... ... .... .... - ...... .. ...... .... ....... 4-50 Tire .... ... .. Chemical Paint Spotting ... . ....... . ...... 4......... ........ 2-58 Brake-Transmission Shift Interlock Check .. ........... ......... . .. ......... .... .... .. ..... Leather ... .... ... .... .... .. . .. 2-54 Convex Outside Mirror ... . ........ ... .... ... .... .... .. .. 6-51 Canadian Roadside Assistance ... ... ... ........ ... 2-74 Control of a Vehicle ..... ......... .. Windshield.. ..... ... ...... ....... 6-54 2-55 Cargo Tie Downs .... .. ... . . . ..... . .... ......... 2... ................ .... .... ..... 4-8 Break-In... ..... ........................ .... ...... 6-51 8-6 YourOutside of Vehicle ................. 4-5 . 6-55 1-35 Anti-Lock .... ........... .... .... ... . 2-48 9-2 ... ...... ........ .. ......... Air ... ..... ...... .... ........ .. ..... .... ... .... ... . . 6-52 Bulb Replacement .. .. . ..4...... ..... .. 3-9 Weatherstrips ... ................ . ........ ... .......... ... ...................... ............ 4-51 WheretoPut ....... .... .. 2-66 Check Gages Light ........ ... ... ..... .. ........ 6-54 Front Passenger Position ....... . .... New Vehicle ...51 Stains ... ... . .......... .. ............... ... 6-28 Securing in the Right Front Seat Position .. .... . ........ . . ..... ....... .... ..... ..31.. .. .. 4-6 Securing in a Rear Outside Seat Position ......... .. . ......... 6-52 ..... 6-49 Instrument Panel ...... ........ .................... 6....2........ .. .... ...... 6-62 Inside of Your Vehicle .... ........ .......... 1-35 Replacing System Parts ... ..... ....... ..... . .. ...... ...... 1-24 Certificationrnire Label .. .. ... ................... .. . .... : 1-36 Master Cylinder .... ..... ....... . ............... ........ 4-5 Cleaner.. . 6-31 Where Not to Put . 6 .. . ........ .. . ... 6-59 Braking ....... .. ........... 6-53 Capacities and Specifications .... .... 2-55 Tires ..... ..... ........ 7-49 Glass . ....63.11 Cleaning Wheels Aluminum .. 6... .. ..... ..... .... . 1-38 Trailer .. ... .... ........ ..64 Carbon Monoxide . . ........... ... 6-32.. . ... 1-45 ConvenienceNet .. . ... ............ Center Care ...... . ... 6-54 Brightness Control ................ ...... ....1 3 ... ... .... ..Setting . .. ...... . . -1-39 Pedal 1 Top Strap ...... ...... 5-21 Compact Disc Player ...... 6-50 Cargocover .. Braking in Emergencies .. ............ . . 6-18 Safety ... ......... . .... ...... ...... ... ........ 3-1 6-48 Compact Disc Care ........... . .. .. Hydraulic . Restraints 6-30 .. 3-18 Changing a Flat Tire ......... 6-30 Cigarette Lighter ......... .. : .. .. ............ 4-44 Climate Control System .... . ....... ........ .. .. 1-35 Wear ......... ... Comfort Controls .... ......... .. .......... .... ... 3-5 'Chains Clutch... .. ......... .......... ............. ....... .... .. .... .. . .. Child ..... .....

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-52 CoolantTemperature Gage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-47 Drive Axle Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1 OilLevelCheck . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-55 Winter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 1 . . . . . . . . . . 4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-20 City . . . . . . . . 3-14 * * Endgate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-51 Daytime Running Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1 FanNoise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . .. . . . . . . . . . . 4-35 Running While Parked . . . 4-39 Damage. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-31 Damage. . . . . . . . . . 4-29 Courtesy Transportation . . . . . . . 2-32 Guidelines . . . . . . . 2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-8 Door RemoteRelease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-64 EmergencyRelease . . . . . . . . I. . . . . . . . .1 RainyConditions . . 3. . . . . . . . . . . Automatic Transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-8 Defensive Driving . . . . 4-33 Wet Roads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-40 Throughwater . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-46 ManualRelease . . . . . . . . . .. 6-63 Hill and Mountain Roads . . . . . . . 5-11 Freeway . . . . 2-9 Dome Lamps . . . . 6-55 With a Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I E a s y EntrySeat . . . . . . . . . 6-57 Defensive . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-40 OnCurves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I4 Specifications . . . . . .I5 Night . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3 Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-73 DrunkenDriving . . . . . . . . . . . Engine . . . . . . . . . 3-4 Electrical Equipment. . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-69 Driver Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . 3-4 ElectricalSystem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8. . 4-34 Identification . . . 4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-58 DelcoLOCII@ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17. . . Icy Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-47 Drunken . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-41 9-3 . . . . . 2-44 Driving On Grades While Towing a Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7 Dimensions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-8 Customer Assistance Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . 4-2 Overheating . . . . . . 6-58 Defrosting . 4-14 CruiseControl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2 Defects. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-53 Daytime Running Lamps Indicator Light . . . . . . . . . . 2-32 Driving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-31 Customer Satisfaction Procedure . 4-38 Starting . . . 2-13 InaBlizzard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheet Metal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .ReportingSafety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-22 In ForeignCountries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-6 Off-Road . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5. . . . . 1-6 Defogging . . . . . . . . . . . Adding . . . . . .1 Snowy and. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Finish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I8 Coolant Level Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-8 Storage .. . . . . . 6-4 Coolant Heater. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9 Locks . . . . . . .Coolant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-15 Drive. . . . . . 4-2 DeadBattery . . . . .. . . 8. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-53 Coolant Heater . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12 Exllaust . . . . . . . . . . . .

..... ............ ... .. ........... ...... .......... ......... .......... .. ... ...18 Gross Vehicle Weight Rating .. ................................... ........ 4-44 Manual Transmission . 2-43 Four-wheel Drive .. 4-44 Finishcare ..... . . .. 6-5 Whentochange . ... .......... . .. .. . ........ ............... ....... -6-9 Front Towing ..... .. Hazard Warning .......... ...' ...... ............... .....19 5-1 Guide en .... ..... .... 6-20 BulbReplacement ........... ..... .....2-69 Fifth Gear...... . ...... . 2-34 Fuses and Circuit Breakers ........19 Engine Oil Pressure .. ................................... ....................................... ........ 6-10 Front Turn Signal Lamp Bulb Replacement ............. ...... ... ...... 4-44 Flat Tire..... .. 2-53...... Engine ..........37 Adding . .. 6-5 Remote Oil ........ .. 6-5 Fuel ...................49. . Fuel .... ......... ..... . ................. 6............ . .... .. Changing ... ............. .............. ..... .... .......... ........ 6-35 Pressure Gage .... .. .. 6-4 Exhaust.............................. 6-58 9-4 .. 6-53 Gear Positions ..... ... ........................ ..... ..... ......... .... .. .. 6-9 Front Sidemarker Lamp Bulb Replacement ............. 2.. ............... .. Protecting ..... ......... ................. . .......... . Engine Oil .... .2-72 Filling Your Tank .............. 2-74 'Express-Down Window ................ Checking ...................................... ............. ..... 5-21 Fluids and Lubricants ...... .. 11........ ....... 6-33 French Language Manual .... .... .............. ............................2.. 6-59 Exterior Metal Parts........ . .................... .. ............... 6-4 .. . 2-46 2-44 Wiring ... 6-12 Filling Your Tank .... 2-21.......... 6.... Manual Transmission............ .. Fourth Gear.... Front Storage Area ................ .... Air .. ............. ...... . 6-3 Used .. 2-49 ................. 2..... .. 2-31 Gage ... ............. 6-32 Fog Lamp Switch .............. .... 6-36 Additives ....... 2........ . 6-49 Engine Coolant Temperature .. ..... ........................................ . ......... ............. .. 2-16 Finish Damage ..... ............................ .............2... ...... ..45...... ................... .. ............ . .... ........ 2-54 .. 11 High/Low Beam Changer . ... ..... 2-37 FrontAxle ........... ....12 GAWR ... 6-11 . 6-12 Foreign Countries ......... .............. ............. 5-9 Kind ... .. ........... ... .... ........ ........... ............... . 5-1 Foreign Countries... 2.......... .... 4-44 Automatic Transmission ....... 6-64.... .......................... ...... .......... ... ...................... 6-54 Gages Fabric Cleaning ................ .... ........... ..... 6-9 Front Reading Lamps ..... .......... ..... . 2-48 First Gear Gross Axle Weight Rating ................ 2-45 Hazard Warning Flashers' .. ....... Manual Transmission ........................ .19 HeadRestraints ....... .......... ......... ... ........ 1 G W R ' ...... ....... .... .. ...... 6-55 GloveBox ....... . .............. 1-5 Headlamps .... .. 2-74 Filter Garage Door Opener ......... ........ Fuel ......... Front Map'Lamps ................ 6-13 GasCap ............ Frangais Flashers...... ..... ........ ...... ....... .............. ...... ... ... .. 6-21 OnReminder ......... 7-53 Halogen Bulbs ..........

. 2-45 Brake System Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-7 Horn . . . . . . . .. . .2. . 2-20. 7-51 Latches. . . . . . .. . . 6-57 Inside Day/Night Rearview Mirror . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-37 Key Lock Cylinders Service . . . . . . . . . Seatback . . .. . 1-46 Ignition Positions . . .. . .. . . . 2-66 CheckGages . . .. . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . .18 Labels Hydroplaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . 4-50 Hood . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . .. ... . . 7-5 1 Leaving Your Vehicle . . . ... . . . . . . 2-60 Lighter . .. . .. . .. . .. . . . . . . .45. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . . . . 7-48 Hill and Mountain Roads . .. 2-47 Lamps . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-66 FuseBlock . . . .. . . . . . . . .. . 2-4 Transfer Case . . . . .. . . . . . Tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . ... . . . . . . . 2-5 Highway Hypnosis . . . . .. .. 5-2 Safety Belt Reminder . . . . . ... .. . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . ... . . . . . . .. . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-60 SafetyBelt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-5 1 Front Reading . . . 2-10 Heating . . . . . ... 2-44 Suspension . .. . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . 2-69 Shift . . . . . . 1-19.. .. . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . . .. . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . .. . . 2-46 Brakesystem .. . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . 2-65 Service EngineSoon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2. .. .. . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .49 Radiator and Heater Hose . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . . . . . . .. . . .. . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3 KeylessEntrySystem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-68.. . . . .. . . . 4-6 Interior Lamps . . . . . .. .. . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . .. 2-67 ChargingSystem . . . . . .. . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . .. . . . . .. . . . . 4-38 Key Release Button . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5 Throttle Linkage . . 2-73 9-5 . . . . . . . . . .. 2-58 Cleaning . . 2-29 InstrumentPanel . . . . . . .. .. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . 2. . . .. . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . .. . . . . .. . . . ... . . . . . . . . . . .. . .. 7-52 FrontMap . . .. .. . . . . .. .. . . . . . . . .. . . 6-57 Inflation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . .. .. . . . .. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . 4-44 Fuse . 6-41 Vehicle Identification Number . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . .. . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . 6-59 Anti-Lock Brake System Warning .. . . . . . . 7-51 OnReminder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-45 Steering . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 2-62 Air Bag Readiness . . . . . .. . . . . .. . . . . . . ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . 2-35 Hydraulic Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . .. Hitches. . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . .. .. . . . . . . . . .. . . . ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-3 K e y in the Ignition . . . . . . . . . . . Customer Assistance . . . .. 5-22 Daytime Running Lamps Indicator .. . . .. . .. . . . .. . . .. . . . . . .. . . . . . . . .. . . . .. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . .. . . . . . Trailer ... . . . . .. . . . . . 6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . 2-73 Jump Starting . 2-43 Inspections Dome . . 2-46 Exhaust Systems . . . . 7-51 Interior . 6-51 Lights Cluster . . . . . . . . . . ... . . . . .. . . . . . . .Hearing Impaired.I I Service PartsIdentification . . . . . . . . . .. . ... . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . 2-74 Jacking Equipment . 7-52 Leaving Your Vehicle with the Engine Running . . . .. . . .. . . . . . . . .. . . . 1-7. . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . 4-33 Certificationflire . . ..

. 2-11 Maintenance Record . . . . . . . . .. . . . .. . . . .. . . . . . .. . . .. . . . .. . . . . . . . .. 8-9 Maintenance When Trailer Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Garage Door . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . ... 2-4 Mountain Roads . . . . .. . . . .AutomaticTransmission . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . 7-48 Neutral Luggagecarrier . .. . . .. . 6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . . . . . . . .. . . .I O Scheduled Maintenance Services . . . . 2-47 Manual Transmission Overdrive. . . . ... .. . Convenience . .... . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-48 Shifting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . 7-47 Odometer . .. . . . . . . .. . .. . . . . . . . . . . . Engine . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . . 2-2 1 ConvexOutside . .. .2-59 PowerDoor . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-38 Steering Column Lock Check . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . 2-69 Convex . . . . . . .. . 4-44 Mirrors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2 Power Remote Control . Underbody . . . . . . . .. . . .. .. . 2-49 Maintenance. . . . . . . .. . . . .. . . . . . .. . . 4. . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-47 Door . . .. . . . . . . . . .. 1-1 Manual Adjust . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . .53 N e t . . . . . . . . . . . 2-56 AutomaticTransmission . . . . . . .. .. Body . . . .. . . . .. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . 6-9 Short Trip/City . . . .. . . . . . . . . . .. .I3 Lubricants and Fluids . . . . . . . . . 7-5 Owner Checks and Services . . .. . ... . 2-14 Owner Checks and Services . . . . . . . .. . . . . . 4. . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .1 Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts . .. . . . . . . 2-64 Periodic Maintenance Inspections . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .Loading YourVehicle .. .. . . . . . . . .. . . . .. . . . . . . . . .. . . . 5-11 Starting Your Engine . .. . . . . . . . .. . . . . .. ... . . . . . . . . 2-18 Fluid . . . . . . 2-48 ManualFrontSeat . . . . 7-3 Oil.. . . .. . . . .. . . .. . . . . . . . .. . .. 2-19 OverheatingEngine . . . . . . . . . . 2-4 ModelReference . . . . .. . . . . 1. . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. . . . . . . .. .. 2-3 OutsideManualAdjust . . . . . . . ... . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . .. . . . 2-47 Locks . .. . . . . . . . . . . . 7. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-30 Maintenance Schedule .. .. . . . . . .. . . . . . 2-17 Lumbar Controls . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . .6-4 OwnerPublications . .. . . . . . . . . . . 2-20 NewVehicle“Break-In” . . . . . . . .. . . . . 7-50 Multifunction Lever . . . . . . .. . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . .. .. . . 8-9 9-6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3 Power Remote Control . . . Manual Transmission . . . . . . 4-14 Recommended Fluids and Lubricants . . 7-48 Visorvanity . .. .2-34 Inside Day/Night Rearview . .. . . . . ... .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-17 OverheadConsole . . . . .. . . . . . . . . .. . 2-36 Loss of Control . . 7-5 1 Off-RoadDriving . . . 6-63 LongTrip/Highway . . . .. . . . . .. .. . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-47 Methanol . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-55 Ordering Owner and Service Publications . 2-47 ManualLumbarSupport . . . . . . . . . ... . . . . . . .. . . 2-47 Key Lock Cylinder Service . . . .64. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . .7-56 Nightvision . . . . . . .. . .. . . . .. . ... . . . . . .. . . . . . . . .. . . . ... . . .. . . . . . . . . 2-54 Lubrication Service. . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . .. . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-47 Locking Rear Axle . 2-48 Lockoutswitch .. . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-53 Off-Road Recovery . . .7. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . .. . . . . . . .2 1-3 . . . . . . . . . . .. . . ... . . . .. . . . 4-56 Outside Mirror MalfunctionIndicatorLamp . . . . .. . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . .. . . . . . .. . . . . . 7-4 Opener. . . . . . . . . . .. .. . .. vi Rear Door Security . . . .. . .. . . . . . . .

... ... . . .. . .... ... .. .. . . .. . ... . . . .. . ... . .. . 1-3 Your Vehicle... ... ..... .. .. .. .. . ...... .... . . ..... . .... ... . . 4-54 Rearview Mirror . . . ... . . . .: ... . . . ... ... . ... ..... . ..... . .. .. . . ... .. 6-19 Automatic Transmission .. Use of Safety Belts . ..... ..... . .. . .... .. . . . . .... . 4-46 Recovery Tank.. . ... . .. ... .. ... . .. . ...... . . 1-24 Radiator Pressure Cap . .. . . ... .... .. .. 3-5 Rocking YourVehicle .. . . .. . . . . 7-5 1 Recreational Vehicle Towing .. . ... .. ... . .. ... . . 2-17 Manual' Transmission . . . . ..... . ... .. 4-43 Power Replacement Acces'soryOutlet . . ...... 2-26. . .. . . ... .. . ... .. .. .. . .. .. .. ... . . .... .... . . 5-1 Systemcheck . .. . .. . . . . . . ...... . ... . ..... . . . 6-26 Restraint Windows . ... .. . . 4-31 Rotation. . ... . . .. .. .. .... . 7-48 Publications. ... ....... . ...... .. ... . . Coolant . . 2-33 Checking ..... . 5-17 'Right Front Passenger Position ... . . ... .. . ..... . .. . .... ... .. . ..... ....... .. . .. ......... . .... . ... . . ... .. . . .... .. . .. ..... . . . 7-50 WindowDefogger . .. . 5-10 Brake . .... ... 1-24 Replacing Parts After a Crash . . .. . 5-34 Rain. . ... . .. . . .. . ... . . ... 4-8 Reporting Safety Defects . .... ..... ... ... ... . .... . . .16 Canadian ... ... . . . .... .. . . ... . . .. . . .. .. .. . .. . ..... . .. ..... .... . . . . ..2-3 1 Reclining Front Seatbacks .. .. . 1-35 Lumbar Controls .... 6-63 Remote Control Mirror . . .... . . . . ... .... . ... . . ... . 6-24 Periodic Maintenance Inspections ... ..... . .... .. . . . . . . . . ... . ... . ... . .... ...... . . . . .. . . .. ....... .... .. .. .. .. 2-10 Towing. . . .. ... . ... . ..... '2-47 Wheel ... . ... . 2-20 Radiator. . . ... . .... . .. .. . . . .. .... . . .. . .... .. .. . .... . .. .. .. .. ... ... .. . ... 6-55 Rear Park c Axle ...... . . ... . . .. ... . . 3-4 Lots ... ... . . . . . . . .. . . . .... 1-46 Problems on the Road ... . ... .. 2-30 Seatpassengers . . .... .. ... . . . ... . . . .... . .......... . . . .. 1-26 Parking Seats.. ... .. .. .. . . .. .. .... .. .... .. .... 2-39 On Hills with a Trailer .. .. . .. . .. . .. . . . . .. . 2-47 over Things That Burn ... ... . Service and Owner .. 2-4 Parts .... . .... . . . .. . .. 1-45 . . . ... . ...... ... Driving ... . .. ..... ......... .. ...... . . . ........ . . . ... .. . . 1-5 Pregnancy... . . .... 3.. ... .. ........... ... .. . .Tires . . .. .. .. . . ..... . ... .. ... . . . . . .. . .... .. .. .. ... . . .. . . . .. ..... . .... .... .. . .... . . . .... ... . .. . .. 1-6 AtNight . . . . ... ... .. .. .. . .. .. ... . ... . . . .. . . Adding Coolant ...... . ..... 5. . . .. . .. . ....... . . .. ... .. . . . . . .. .. . .. . .... . . . .. . .. . .. ... ... . 2-3 1 Recommended Fluids and Lubricants . 1-3 Head . . . . 8-4 Radio Reception . . .. . . ... .. ... .. ..... . '. .. . .. . 2-4 Shifting Into . .... .. . . 6-46 Steering . . .. .. . . . .....13.. .16 DoorSecurityLocks . . . .. . .. . .... ... . . .. . .. .. . . ... .. . ... 6-25 Roadside Assistance .. . . .. . : . 1-29 Shifting Out of .... .. . . . . . 6-42 9-7 .... .... ... . .. .. . . . .. . .. .. .... .... . . . .. .. ... .. . . . . . ... . Chemical . . . 2-27 Safety Belt Comfort Guides . . . 2-10 Window Washermiper ... . 6-64.. ... . . . .... . ... 8-9 Reverse AutomaticTransmission . ........ 1-2 Child . .... .. .. .. . . 2. . . . .. ... . .. . . 7-53 Passing . . .. . .... . . . Manual Transmission . . ... ... . . . .. .... ... . . .. .. . . .. . ... . .. . .. .. .. .. . .. . . . .. ... .. ...... . . . . ..... . . . ... ... ... . . . . . . . ... ....... .. . .. . .. ... .. ... . . . . . .. ... .. .. .... 4-11 Recovery Hooks .. ... .. Powerseat . .. . . . . .. 5-34 Payload .. . .. . . .... . . . . . . .. ... . . . . .. P a i n t Spotting. . 8-8 Steering Fluid .. .. .. .. . . . ... . . . 6-62 DoorLocks . . .. .... . .. .... . . . . . ... ... 2-59 Bulbs . .... . .. . ... . . ... ..... . . ... . . .... 8-6 Radios ..

... ...... ................. ...... . Mud........ ... .. v Service Engine Soon Light ............Reporting .. .. ...... ...... 1.. ... ..... ..... ..... ............Cleaning ... ....12 1.... .. ... ... ..... . ........ .. .... 4-50 Steering .. 6-2 Cire .... ... ................... 6... .......... 2-73 Children .......... .2........... .. 1-12 Service Work................. .... .... . ..... . ... . ........ ...... . SIR .. . 4-8 SafetyDefects... ........... 1-26 Speedometer .. .. ......... 1-7 Service Parts Identification Label . 1-29 Speech Impaired. ..... ....... .. ... 1-23 Center Front Passenger Position ........ ........... .................... ..... .... .. ........ .. ... 7-49 Use During Pregnancy .... . ....... .... .. ........... 6-50 Right Front Passenger Position ..... .... .......... . ... . ...... . .11 Specifications and Capacities .. ... 5-11 Safety Chains .... .. 7-3 Steering Column Lock Check ...... ..19 Sunglasses Storage . .. Skidding ... ......... .... .. ..... .. ...... ........ . Vehicle .................. ............ ..... . 1-32 Shift Light ... .. ... ... .. 1-26 Signaling Turns . 5-30 Second Gear Stuck: In Sand........ . ... 8-3 Rear Seat Passengers . .. ..... . ....... ... . 2-27 Extender ...................... . .... ......... 1-33............ 2-53 Service and Appearance Care ..... ........ Vehicle ... 2-19 Driver Position ..... 6-32 Seats and Restraint Systems .They Work .. 1-24 Sheet Metal Damage ..... ............ 1.. ....... .................. Customer Assistwce . ....... .. . 6-57 Adults ... ..... 1.... ... .. . ... .... . ... 1-3 Storage. ..... ... 8-8 ...... ......... .... Safety <Belts ..... .. .................... . ...I .... ... ... .. .. ... 1-24 Starting Your Engine.. ....... .. .. . 2-48 Reclining Front .... 6.. . . ... . . ........ ................. ........ .. ..... ..... ................. .. ... Lap-Shoulder ..... 2-36 1-18 4-13 Questions and Answers ...... Lap Belt ........... Tilt ....... 1-46 Stains.... ...... ........ .. 2-16....... .......... .... ........ ...................... 2-20.............. 2-13 Why . .......... ...... .. ..... . 2-35 Latches . ..... ... ......... .64 Rear Comfort Guides ..... .. In Emergencies .... ... .... .. ........ .. 1-8 Steam .. . .... . ... ... .... . . ... . ....... 1-18 Service and Owner Publicatibns ....... 8-9 Symbols............... ... ... ........ ................. ... Doing Your Own ....... . 6-63...... .... ......... 2-58 Manual Transmission .......... ....... .. .... ..... 1-32 1.... .... .... ... 7-50 Seatback Steering Wheel.......... ..... .. ....... 111 Power .. 2-69 9-8 .1-24 Starter Switch Check .. .... ..... .... 2.... .. .... .. ...1-42 Shifting . Ice or Snow .. . 6-52 Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle .. 5-33 Automatic Transmission .... .. .. .. .... . .. 6-55 Center Rear Passenger Position ..... ............ ..... 1-45 Out of Park ..... .. .. ... ......... .. .. 2-30 How to Wear Properly .... ...... .. ... .. . .. ..... ................18 SunVisors' ... ............. ...... ... ............. . ... ... 4-8 Scheduled Maintenance Services . ....................... . .......... ......... .. ..... .. ..... ............ ....... ........ ... .... ....... ...... 1-25... ... .. . ...... .. ....... ..... .......... .. .......12 IntoPark ....... ....... ..... ..................4-9 Safety Warnings and Symbols ...... . .......... .....1 Supplemental Inflatable Restraint ......12.............. . ..... . ..... ... 1-5 Storage Compartments ..... . 2-64 Replacing After a Crash ... ..... ...... .. ... .1 Storing a Flat or Spare Tire and Tools .....

. . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-45 Trip Odometer .. . . . . .. .. iv Safety Chains . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . 4-50 9-9 . 6-44 Turn Signals When Towing a Trailer . . . . . .. . . .. 6-36 Turnsignals . . 3-18 Towing. . 6-44 TopStrap . . . .. . . . . .. . . . . . .. . . . . . . . .. .. ... . . . .. . 5-21 Transmission Fluid Cleaning . . . ..Courtesy . . .. . .6-14 Inflation .. . . ... . . . 6-46 Electronic . ..... . . . . . . . . . . 6-45 Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever .. . .. . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . 6-41 Manual .. . . . . . . . 2-64 Total Weight on Tires .. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . Before Leaving . . . .. .. . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . .19 Tongueweight . . . . . . .. . . . .. . ... . 6-20 Alignment and Balance . 2. . . . . ... 4-53 When It’s Time for New . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-48 Tire Chains ... . . .. . . .. . . . ... . .. . . .14 Brakes . . . . . . .... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..... . . . . . .Tachometer .. . .. .. . .. . .. . .. . . ... . .. . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . 6-54 Automatic . . . . . . .. . . 2-24 Buying New . . . . . . . .. .. . .. . . . . .. . .. . .. ... .. . . . . .. .. . . . . . .. . . . .. . 6-25 Hitches . ... . .. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . . . . . . ... . .. .. . . . . . . . . .. . . .. . . .. .. 2-22 Changing a Flat . . . . .... . . . .. . . . . . . .. . . . . .. . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . .6-41 Transportation. . .. .. .. . . 4-36 Traction ... . . . . . .. . . ... . . . . . . . . . . 4-50 Third Gear. . . . . 8-3 Uniform Quality Grading . . .. . . . . .. . .. . . . .. . .. .. . . . .. . .. . .. . .. . . . ... 2-36 WearIndicators . . . . ... . . . . .. . . . ... . . . . .. . . . . . . .. . 2-5 1 Towing Your Vehicle . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . .. . . . . . .. . 4-53 TapePlayerCare . . . . .. . .. . . . . . . . .. .. . . . . . .. .. . . . . .. . . .. . . . . . .. . . . . . 6-17 Inspection and Rotation .... . .. .. 1-35 TorqueLock . . . . .. 8-6 Temperature .. . . . .. . . 3-5 Weight . .. . . . .. 5-29. . . . . ... . .. ... .. .. . . . . . 6-48 Wiring Harness . . . .. . . . .. .. . . . .. .. . . . . . . . . . . .. 4-5 1 Vanity Mirror Lamp Bulb Replacement . . . . . .. . . . . .. . .. . . . .. . . . . . . . . . .. . . . .. . .. . . . . . .. . ..... . . . . ..... . . . . . .. . . . . . . ... . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. . . . .. .. . . . . .. Manual Transmission . .. . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . 4-5 Parking on Hills . . .... . .. ... . .. . . . . . . . . . .. . . . 4-43 Temperature and Compass Display ... . . . . . .. . . .. .... . ... 6-45 TTYUsers . .. . . . .. . . .. .. .. .. . . . . ...... .. . . . .. .. . . . . . . . .. .. .. . . . .. . . . . ... .. . . .. . . .. . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . .. 6-46 Trip.. . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 6-44 Manual . . 4-49 Tilt Steering Wheel . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . .. . . . .. . . .. . .. .. . . . 3. . . . . . . . . .. .. . . . . . .. . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. . . . . . Wheel Nut . . . . . . . . ... . . . CD Player .. . . . . 2-35 Towing . . . . . . . . .. . .. . . . . .. .. . . 4-56 Tires Transfercase . . . . . . . . . . .. : . . . . .. . . . . ... . ...... . . .. . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . ... . . . .. .. . . .. . . .. . . .. . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. . . . . . 4-50 Taillamp Bulb Replacement .. .. . . ... . . . .. . .. . . . 4-54 Vehicle Damage Warnings . .. .. .. ... . . . . 4-46 Time.. . .. . . . .6-38 Maintenance When Towing . .. 4-51 Thermostat ..... . .. . . . . . .. . . . .. . . . .. . ... .. . . 2-10 Trailer Theft-Deterrent Feature. .. .. . .. .. .. . . . . . . . 4-56 VehicleControl . .. ... . . . .. . . . . . . ... . . . . 2-30 Underbody Maintenance . . . .. .. . . . . . . . 2-64 Treadwear . .. . 6-42 Transmitters. . . . . . .. Keyless Entry . 6-55 Torque. .. . . . . . . . ... . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. . . . . . . . .. .. . . . Setting . . . ... . .. . . 6-37 Towing a Trailer . .. . . . . . . ... . . . . 5-7 Theft .. . .. . . . . . .... .. . 6-63 Underhood Lamp Bulb Replacement .. . . . . . . . . . 4-46 Used Replacement Wheels . . ... . . . . .. . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5 Pressure . .. . . .. .RecreationalVehicle .. . 6-47 Driving on Grades . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . .. ... . .. ... . . . .. .. . . 4-53 Driving with a Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . .. .. . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. 4-39 Wheel Alignment . . .. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-26 Fuses . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 2-58 Swing-Out . 2-38 Warning Lights. . . . .. . . . . . .. . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . .. . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . .. . . . Headlamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-34 Vehicle Loading .. . . . . 2-35 Voltmeter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . .Sun . . . . . . 6-52 Winter Driving . .. . . .. . . . . ... . . . . 6-38. . . . .. . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . .. . . . . . . 6-46 9-10 . .. . . . . .. . . . . .. .. .. . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . .. . . . Gages and Indicators . . . .. . . . . .. . . . ... . .. . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . .VehicleDimensions . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . .. . .. . . . . . . . . . . . .. . .. . . 6-63 WasherFluid. .. . .. . . . .. . . . .. . .. . . . 6-26 FluidLevelCheck . . . . .Windshield . .. ... . . . . . . .. .I WindshieldWiper . .. . . . . . . . . . 6-57 Express-Down . . . . .. 2-34 Vehicle Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . .. . . .. 6-46 Wiring. . . . . . . . . .. . .. . . . . . . . . . ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-33 Visors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-39 Weatherstrips . .. . .. . . 2-65 BladeReplacement . . . . 6-63 WreckerTowinE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-67 WindshieldWasher . . . . . .. . . .. . ... . . . . . 5. .. . .. . . . . . .. . 6-64 Windows Vehicle Identification Number . 5-29. . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . 6-32 Manual . . . . .. 2-38 Fluid . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-44 LockoutSwitch .... . . . . ... . . . . . . . 2-33 VentilationSystem . . .5-7 WheelReplacement . .. . . . . . . . . 6-58 Wheel Nut Torque . . .. . . . . . . 6-53 Rear . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . .. . . 6-58 WashingYourVehicle . . . . .. . . . ... .. . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . .. 7-47 w a r n i n g Devices . . .. . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . . . 3-3 Power . . . . . . . .. . .. . .