Amendments to the

CARES Post Tensioning
Certification Scheme
1 Background • Post Tensioning Anchorages must either
comply with BS EN 13391 or have a European
Following on from its certification scheme for Technical Approval to ETAG013.
post tensioning in bridges, CARES introduced • Stressing equipment must comply with the
a scheme for flat slabs in 1999, recognising that Post Tensioning kit producer’s recommendation.
this construction method was on the increase and • The Post Tensioning kit must now only be
that controls via certification requirements were supplied by the Post Tensioning contractor.
non-existent. Since its introduction, CARES has This reduces the possibility of the unqualified
received industry feedback relating to particular Post Tensioning kits being installed.
elements of the post tensioning operation. • Prestressing Strand and high tensile steel bar
This has resulted in a revision of its scheme must be CARES approved.
requirements in key areas, as described below. • All Post Tensioning operatives must now
have a photo-identification card issued
The recent amendments to the scheme addressed by CARES in accordance with the CARES
areas of the construction process recognised as those scheme requirements (CARES Appendix PT9).
requiring improvement. For example, feedback from This reduces the possibility of inexperienced
the industry sector indicated that grouting was an area personnel being used to undertake specialist
that required a more stringent approach, including the Post Tensioning work.
training and qualification of grouting operatives. • All Post Tensioning operations are to be carried
It has been reported to CARES that a percentage of out under the control of a nominated supervisor.
ducts, approaching 1% on average, have been either • Post Tensioning specifications produced by the
partially or completely ungrouted, thereby potentially Post Tensioning contractor must comply with
affecting the integrity of a number of buildings in the the minimum recommended requirements of
long term. This is an average figure, and recognising the CARES’ Model Specification.
that risks may result from inadequate grouting • Grout must now comply with the new
procedures or from the use of a poorly trained or BS EN 447: 2007.
inadequately supervised grouting team, it is possible • Grout must now be pre-bagged, reducing
that this figure will be exceeded in certain structures. the variability due to site batching and the
inherently variable properties of bagged
The amended CARES certification scheme cement.
requirements were implemented in February • Grouting operations must only be undertaken
of 2008. within the temperature range specified by the
grout manufacturer.
• Grouting records must be recorded and
2 Revision to the CARES Scheme provide confirmation that each duct has been
fully grouted.
The CARES PT scheme is monitored by an “across • The Post Tensioning contractor must inform
industry” CARES Post-tensioning Technical Committee CARES of all contracts to be undertaken
which meets on a regular basis to review scheme and CARES will audit 10% of these contracts
requirements in the light of feedback from industry as a minimum.
sectors and also CARES’ own auditing experience.
The CARES scheme for flat slabs (PT2) is now at issue Additional related CARES documents
4; amended in November 2007 and implemented in
February 2008. The main changes, at this recent • The CARES Model Specification for Bonded
revision, are: and Unbonded Post-tensioned Floors.

com Copyright UK CARES © . which would reviews are recommended to ensure that freeze at sub-zero temperatures. loss occur. Amendments to the CARES Post Tensioning Certification Scheme 3 Risks to incorrectly Should such a review raise concerns. and it is highly recommended that new buildings • the use of the building. the issues above have been addressed and the • for enclosed structures. in some post-tensioned buildings cases a selective programme of intrusive or non-destructive testing may be considered Recognising the importance of using a post appropriate in addition to the normal cycle of tensioning contractor with sound grouting procedures visual structural inspections. project specific start up trapped water in ungrouted ducts. clear and understood. of not doing so. called to apply its certification scheme on • unpredictable response during demolition any particular structure via. research and properly trained operatives and supervision. Bearing in mind however that. risk of spalling of concrete specialist post tensioning contractor. Currently. the or modification. The risks for a building will depend on a number of factors including: 4 Recommendations for new buildings • the level of confidence in the installation. the CARES scheme will include audits of only a sample of the projects of the • for exposed structures. UK CARES Pembroke House. tensioned buildings. if necessary. 21 Pembroke Road. latent spalling from roles and responsibilities for quality control are construction phase. It is with these risks in mind that the CARES • the sensitivity of the structure should tendon Post Tensioning Scheme has been designed. Why Take the Risk. contract • www. Sevenoaks. building owners might wish to including assessment of the methods’ reliability. unless consequences of ungrouted or poorly grouted the client specifies that CARES is present on a tendons may include: specific project. should be constructed by a specialist contractor certified under the CARES post-tensioning With specific reference to grouting. • reduced contribution to shear and ULS flexure Should the client wish. • failure of an ungrouted tendon due to corrosion. perform project specific reviews on existing post Useful guidance is given in fib Bulletin 33. adjacent to ducts primarily due to the presence of With this in mind. in NDT methods is ongoing and the selection of and considering any risks and their consequences any method requires detailed consideration. Kent TN13 1XR Tel: +44(0)1732 450000 • Fax: +44(0)1732 455917 • E-mail: general@ukcares. Chapters 3 and Appendix A. Specify CARES. CARES may be capacity due to unbonded behaviour. the scheme. • the exposure of the structure to the environment.