QSW: Quotes, Summary, Wonderings

Stage 1 : Empathize

This form will help you shape your thoughts and research as you dig
into your chosen topic. Remember that this is more than simple
research! You are working towards gaining empathy, so select sources
that help you truly understand your topic on a deeper level.

For EACH SOURCE complete the following: First, list the article title
and copy/paste the link to the article. Then, copy/paste at least 3-5
powerful or informative quotes (depending on article length) that help
guide your understanding of your topic. Next, summarize the article
you just read in YOUR OWN WORDS (about 1-2 paragraphs depending on
article length). Finally, write down a “wondering.” A “wondering” is
something this article made you more curious about, a hole or a gap
that hasn’t been answered0, or a question that you have after reading
the article that will help guide you moving forward with your
research.

Article Title: The Top Ten Problems Faced by Immigrants

Link: https://www.immigroup.com/news/top-10-problems-
immigrants

Quotes: “Being able to communicate (or not) affects every area of life in which we
**(3-5 Depending on have to interact with others. From jobs to schooling, to simply finding your
article length)** way around or buying food, learning a native language is essential.”

“The type, range and quality of services available in your new country is
likely to be different to that of your native country. Most immigrants admit
that knowing what is available in the first place is a huge barrier.”

“Missing the support of friends, family and extended social circles is a big
factor for most migrants. Those who come from societies where traditional
support structures within communities are strong can find that they feel
lost, alienated and disoriented when moving to a Western country where
individualism is often prized over family.”

Summary: There are many different things immigrants will face
**(1-2 paragraphs
depending on article
in moving to a new country, including language
length)** barriers, employment, housing, transportation,
cultural differences, isolation etc. Immigrants are
immersing themselves in a completely new environment
which is challenging in these many aspects.

Wondering: I am curious to know more about the details of each
issue immigrants face. Are there immigrants who
transition more easily than others and why? What can
you do you avoid these difficulties?
**Copy/Paste a new table for EACH SOURCE**

Article Title: Psycholinguistic Perspectives on Comprehension in SLA
(SLA = Second Language Acquisition)

Link: http://www.academypublication.com/issues/past/jltr/vo
l02/06/09.pdf

Quotes: “speech comprehension processes is important in
**(3-5 Depending on
article length)**
various ways. For instance, it has direct
relationship with recognition of psycholinguistic
processes of output and why comprehensible input is
not enough to drive the learners‟ IL development.”

“Comprehension processes rely on three types of
information: linguistic input, contextual
information, and the recipient‟s linguistic and other
general knowledge of the world, including semantic
and pragmatic knowledge. • Comprehension is
differentially affected by the linguistic devices
used in the sentence. The use of linguistic cues in
comprehension processes is referred to as bottom-up
processing. • Comprehension is differentially
affected by the existence, type and the amount of
contextual clues provided. People tend to seek
contextual consistency in comprehending speech. •
Comprehension is differentially affected by the
general world knowledge possessed by the recipients.
The use of contextual clues and world knowledge in
comprehension processes is referred to as top-down
processing.”

“In SLA, as well, restricted L2 knowledge of the
learners makes them rely on certain strategies more
than others. Skehan (1998), for example, argues that
L2 learners use a variety of strategies of
comprehension that may obviate careful attention to
form. Skehan points out that L2 learners are those
who have “schematic knowledge” (i.e., factual and
sociocultural background knowledge and discoursal
procedural knowledge), but have limited “systemic
knowledge” (i.e., syntactic, semantic, and
morphological knowledge). Such learners may be likely
to exploit their schematic knowledge to overcome
limitations in their systemic knowledge.”

Summary: Okkkkk! so basically shes discussing how people
**(1-2 paragraphs
depending on article
comprehend and understand language. The brain has an
length)** expectation of what it’s going to hear based on the
context and common phrases. You don’t analyze every
word or sound individually because it would take too
long to figure out what someone is saying and you
would be unable to keep up. Instead, we analyze it as
a whole, and your brain makes predictions of the
meaning and somehow picks the one that makes the most
sense. A lot of different things contribute to the
understanding of language, generally involving
schematic and systemic knowledge

Wondering: I’m curious to know more specifics about how learning
a second language and learning a first language are
different.

Article Title: San Diego home to 170k immigrants here illegally, study shows

Link: http://www.sandiegouniontribune.com/news/politics/sd-
me-immigration-study-20170209-story.html

Quotes: “Twenty-two percent of all immigrants in San Diego
**(3-5 Depending on
article length)** County are unauthorized.”
“Trump has also pledge to cut off funding to so-called
sanctuary cities, where authorities do not cooperate with
immigration enforcement agencies.”
“Unauthorized immigrants choose their new home largely
by where they can get a job and where they know people”

Summary: This article shows statistics in how many illegal
**(1-2 paragraphs
depending on article
immigrants live in our country and where they are. It
length)** talks about the history of immigration briefly and
about why Illegal and legal immigrants chose these
cities to live in.

Wondering: I’d want them to talk about (if there are any)
effects of the high immigration in San Diego.

Article Title: Language learning by adults (the so-called "second
language acquisition")

Link: http://pandora.cii.wwu.edu/vajda/ling201/test4materia
ls/secondlangacquisition.htm

Quotes: “It (The Brain) is assumed that a larger portion of the neural
**(3-5 Depending on capacity in a child's brain is structured to participate in the
article length)**
acquisition of language. Later, most of those neurons are
rerouted for other uses. By puberty, the language function
becomes localized in specific areas of the brain. This course of
maturation probably developed during the many tens of thousands
of years that humans lived in small bands of hunter-gatherers--
and adult language learning was not generally essential to the
welfare and survival of the group.”

“Studies showed that the right side of her brain, not the
left, controlled language, which would support the critical
age hypothesis.”

“Differences in adult abilities to learn languages are even
more apparent at the phonetic level: some adults have a
natural talent for imitating the voices of other people;
other adults do not have this talent at all. This talent for
phonetic mimicry in adults definitely does not depend on
general intelligence.”

“Although there does seem to be differences in the ability
of individual adults to learn a second language, any adult
of reasonable abilities, if given enough time, enough
opportunity, and--most importantly--having enough
desire, can learn to communicate in any language. “

Summary: This article talks about the difference between
**(1-2 paragraphs
depending on article
adults and children learning languages. It goes into
length)** depth about how language learning after puberty is
more of a talent or skill rather than intelligence.
The article also says that even those who have the
ability to learn 50 languages will never do it with
the same ease a child could because of how our brains
are set up. The article also talks about how stricle
based on how our brains are some people will be able
to learn language better than other. Depending on
your type of brain you can be speaking a language for
decades and still have an accent vs someone who has a
natural ability to mimic sounds and has a knack for
language.

Wondering: What are all the parts of the brain that affect a
person's ability to learn language?
What happens when a person is born without or less
availability to this part of their brain?

Article Title: How the United States Immigration System Works

Link:
https://www.americanimmigrationcouncil.org/research/h
ow-united-states-immigration-system-works

Quotes: “The Immigration and Naturalization Act (INA), the body of law
**(3-5 Depending on
article length)**
governing current immigration policy, provides for an annual
worldwide limit of 675,000 permanent immigrants,”

“Immigration to the United States is based upon the following
principles: the reunification of families, admitting immigrants with
skills that are valuable to the U.S. economy, protecting refugees, and
promoting diversity.”

“In addition to the numerical limits placed upon the various
immigration preferences, the INA also places a limit on how many
immigrants can come to the United States from any one country.
Currently, no group of permanent immigrants (family-based and
employment-based) from a single country can exceed seven percent
of the total amount of people immigrating to the United States in a
single fiscal year.”

Summary: This article talks about ways people can immigrate to
**(1-2 paragraphs America. It goes over Family based, Employment based,
depending on article
length)** Refugee status and many other statistics and ways the
United states choices who get to come to the country.

Wondering: I’m not really wondering anything because it fully
explained the immigration process for all the
situations I can think of.

Additional -

_ Different learning strategies that might help learning of language
at least of adults → Linguistic → How to learn this language
_ look up at adult English Learning class?
_ What are the resources for immigrants in SD?