7.6 DESIGN OF SHAFT AGAINST STATIC LOAD http://nptel.ac.in/courses/116102012/design of tranmission shafts and dra...


A.S.M.E. code (American Society of Mechanical Engineers) is one of the approaches followed in design of
transmission shaft. According to this code, the permissible shear stress for shaft without keyways is taken as
30% of the yield strength in tension (Syt), or 18% of the ultimate tensile strength of material (Sut), whichever is
lower. Therefore, the permissible shear stress (σd) is

If shafts have keyways ( shown in Fig. 8.8.1), these values have to be reduced by 25%.

Fig. 8.8.1 Shaft, key and pulley assembly

The Eq.(8.22) does not consider the effect of fatigue and shock loads. To account for these, A.S.M.E code
incorporates multiplication factors kb and kt for bending and torsional moments respectively. So the Eq. (8.22)
is modified as

Where kb = combined shock and fatigue factor applied to bending moment
kt = combined shock and fatigue factor applied to torsional moment

The values of kb and kt for rotating shafts are given in the Table 8.8.1.

1 of 5 4/29/17, 6:44 PM

6:44 PM . Fig. As heavy shocks are not involved in the case of drafting rollers..8.0-3. 8. the load can be considered as ‘gradually applied’.in/courses/116102012/design of tranmission shafts and dra.5 1.0 1.6 DESIGN OF SHAFT AGAINST STATIC LOAD http://nptel. The following example illustrates the design of shaft: A main shaft of machine receives power from an electric motor (not shown in figure) through flat belt ( Fig.8..5-2. Table 8.7.5 Heavy shock 2.0 A transmission shaft designed for heavy shock load would have larger diameter followed by shafts designed for minor shock load and then gradually applied load.2 Main shaft carrying a pulley and gear supported by two bearings 2 of 5 4/29/17.1 Multiplication factors for bending and torsional moments Load type kb kt Gradually applied 1. 8.0 1.0-1.ac.0 Suddenly applied Minor shock 1.8.5-3.2).

The main-shaft transmits power through spur gear (in the plane D) to a drafting system through gear trains (not shown in figure).S.28 * 300).E code. The pitch circle diameter and pressure angle of the gear are 300 mm and 20 ° respectively.28 N (acts vertically downwards in the plane of gear).ac.. Determine the shaft diameter using A.77 * 300) = (P * 300) + (579. The properties of material of shaft are: Sut = 700 N/mm 2 and Syt = 460 N/mm2 and G =79300 N/mm2. Solution: The net vertical downward force acting on the shaft in the plane of the pulley is (Tt+Ts ) = 2220.41 = Pt * 150 Pt =1591. The reactions at the bearings are: P and Q in the vertical plane and R and S in the horizontal plane containing the shaft ( Fig.28 * 300) = (Q * 600).tensions on the belt is 3.8. Taking moments in the vertical plane about B. The bending moment diagram is constructed from left to right. The rpm of the motor is 1435. we get . the values and direction of R and S in the horizontal plane could be found out. (2200.7. The ratio of the tight.8 N. The bending moments in the vertical plane 3 of 5 4/29/17. Two bearings A and B support the shaft. 6:44 PM . 8. Taking moments in the vertical plane about A. The pulley and gear are mounted on shaft using keyways. we get Q = 3620.75 N Similarly. Gear D and driven gear are in the same vertical plane.in/courses/116102012/design of tranmission shafts and dra.M.55 N (acts horizonally in the plane of the gear) Radial force acting on the gear is Pr = Pt * tan 200 = 579. at various planes considering the forces that are acting on the plane and those on the left side of the plane.2). The diameters of the motor and machine pulleys are 180 and 430 mm respectively. The power transmitted by the motor to the main shaft is 15kW.. Motor is placed below the machine shaft such that the axes of both pulleys are in a vertical plane.and clockwise moments are assigned positive and negative signs respectively.77N Also. (2200. Counterclockwise.77 * 900) + (579.6 DESIGN OF SHAFT AGAINST STATIC LOAD http://nptel. The driven spur gear is placed above the gear D such that the axes of shaft.and slack. Mt = Tangential force acting on the gear * radius of pitch circle of gear 238732. P = 820.

vertical plane.6 DESIGN OF SHAFT AGAINST STATIC LOAD http://nptel. 8. The bending moment diagrams are shown in Fig 8.3. Right.8. The resultant bending moment at the plane B is 4 of 5 4/29/17. the maximum bending moment is observed at the plane of bearing B.8.horizontal plane From the bending moment diagrams.7.ac.in/courses/116102012/design of tranmission shafts and dra. 6:44 PM ... Fig.3 Forces and bending moments at different planes of the shaft: Left.

... All rights reserved............ 5 of 5 4/29/17......... BMH = Bending moment at B in the horizontal plane...6 DESIGN OF SHAFT AGAINST STATIC LOAD http://nptel..30) Where.ac................in/courses/116102012/design of tranmission shafts and dra............(8.......... BMR at B = (6662312 + 02)1/2 = 666231 N-mm Copyright IIT Delhi © 2009-2012........7... 6:44 PM . BMV = Bending moment at B in the vertical plane............................ BMR at B = (BMH2) + BMY2 )1/2 . Therefore.