CURS DE ENGLEZA IN 900 DE PASI

Daca doriti sa gasiti un anumit termen in cadrul acestui curs, scrieti-l mai jos si
apasati butonul "Trimite" alaturat, daca nu doriti, puteti lectura acest curs in
forma sa integrala. Deoarece in limba romana cuvintele au deseori anumite
terminatii, programul e conceput astfel ca sa prezinte toate cuvintele care
contin cuvantul cautat, de exemplu adverb: adverbul, adverbului, adverbe,
adverbelor. Daca insa vreti un cuvant scurt e bine sa tastati un spatiu inainte si
dupa cuvant. Exemplu sun(soare) fara spatiu va gasi si cuvantul sunet sau sunt.
Termen 1
Trimite
cautat:

1.ARTICOLUL

1. A este articol nehotarat pentru orice substantiv care incepe cu o consoana
sau cu o semivocala (w, y sau sunetul iu)
An este articol nehotarat pentru orice substantiv care incepe cu o vocala.

un baiat - a boy
o fata - a girl
un unchi - an uncle
o matusa - an aunt

o fereastra - a window
un razboi - a war
un an - a year
un european - a European (eu se citeste iu)
o universitate - a university (u aici se citeste iu)
o umbrela - an umbrella (u aici se citeste ca a din padure)

2. Some se foloseste ca plural pentru articolul nehotarat.

In limba engleza, articolul nehotarat nu are plural.
In limba romana insa, articolul nehotarat are la plural forma niste.

Acesta se traduce prin some care in limba engleza apartine altei categorii
gramaticale.

niste baieti - some boys
niste fete - some girls
niste unchi - some uncles
niste matusi - some aunts

3. The este articol hotarat pentru orice substantiv si la singular si la plural. La
substantivele care incep cu o vocala, exemplu: uncle, aunt, the rimeaza cu
cuvantul romanesc zi.

baiatul - the boy
fata - the girl
baietii - the boys
fetele - the girls
unchiul - the uncle
matusa - the aunt

4. Daca dorim sa accentuam un substantiv care incepe cu o consoana, the se
pronunta ca in cazul substantivelor care incep cu o vocala.

Iata! Aceea este casa (cu pricina)! - Look! That is THE house!

5. Un substantiv la singular cu cateva exceptii trebuie sa aiba un determinativ,
acesta poate fi un articol: a, an, the; un adjectiv pronominal (posesiv,
demonstrativ, etc) my house = casa mea, this house = casa aceasta sau un
numeral, ten cars = zece masini, in romaneste acest lucru nu e totdeauna
obligatoriu

in dulap - in the cupboard
pe raft - on the shelf
in sertarul meu - in my drawer

6. Articolul se pune intre prepozitie si substantiv dar inaintea oricarui adjectiv.

un baiat inalt - a tall boy
fata inalta - the tall girl
in copacul inalt - in the tall tree

7. Partile corpului se folosesc cu un adjectiv posesiv daca actiunea e facuta de
cel ce detine acel corp dar cu un articol daca actiunea e facuta asupra acelei
persoane.

A fost impuscat in brat - He was shot in the arm.
L-a privit in ochi - He looked him in the eye
El a ridicat mana - He raised his hand
El s-a uitat la piciorul sau - He looked at his leg
Iesi cu mainile deasupra capului - Come out with your hands above your head

8. La meserii se pune a, an la singular atunci cand meseria face parte dintr-un
predicat nominal (verbul propozitiei e a fi = to be) la plural insa nu se pune
articol.
De fapt orice substantiv singular din cadrul unui predicat nominal cere articol in
caz ca nu are alt determinativ (vezi ultimele doua exemple)

Sora mea e profesoara -My sister is a teacher.
Vreau sa fiu pompier - I want to be a fireman
Ei vor sa fie pompieri - They want to be firemen

She is a mother - Ea e mama
Shawn is a boy. - Shawn este baiat.

9. La popoare se pune the si adjectivul cu litera mare
iar pentru terminatiile sh, s si ch se foloseste singularul (adica nu se mai pune un
s):

francezii - the French
elvetienii - the Swiss
americanii - the Americans
italienii - the Italians

10. Spre deosebire de limba romana, la substantivele folosite in sens general
este necesar articolul nehotarat:

Ca prieten - As a friend
Ce om! - What a man!

11. Pentru materii nu se foloseste articol:

aurul straluceste - gold shines
matasea e moale - silk is soft

12. Substantivele abstracte nu necesita articol:

Iubirea nu moare niciodata - Love never dies
Inteligenta nu poate fi usor masurata - Intelligence can not be measured easily

13. La plural nu se foloseste articolul, daca se fac afirmatii generale

Cartile sunt grele dar trebuie sa iau cartile mari cu mine - Books are heavy but I
must take THE big books with me.

Cartile sunt grele = Books are heavy (fara articol)
I must take the big books = Trabuie sa iau cartile mari (are articol)

14. In titlurile articolelor din ziar de multe ori articolele sunt omise

Un student incendiaza o casa - Student burns down house
Barbat muscat de un urs - Man bit by bear.

15. Articolul se omite in indicatii scenice

Hamlet isi pune intrebarea celebra - Hamlet asks famous question

16. Articolul ca si in romaneste nu apare la inceputul explicatiilor din dictionare

Peru: tara din America de Sud - Peru: country in South America

2.SUBSTANTIVUL

substantivul si adjectivul nu se acorda nici dupa gen. nici dupa caz. two boys Un fermier are o ferma .friendly waitresses 20.some tall boys o fata inalta .iron apa . verb) un baiat.some tall girls 19. Pentru substantivele colective(politie.the council disagree (in loc de disagrees) 21. verbul se poate pune la plural: consiliul nu ajunge la o intelegere . Ca si in romana substantivele se pot numara si se acorda in numar cu alte parti de vorbire (articol.friendly waiters chelnerite prietenoase . Exemplu: adjectivul friendly ramane neschimbat.air etc . un chelner prietenos . counsiliu etc) desi substantivul e la singular.17. Ca si in limba romana exista substantive fara plural fier .water aer . In engleza.A farmer has a farm Some farmers have a farm . In general substantivele nu au gen si chiar cand au.a tall boy niste baieti inalti . 18. nici dupa numar.Niste fermieri au o ferma.one boy. substantivul nu se acorda cu adjectivul un baiat inalt .a friendly waiter o chelnerita prietenoasa .a tall girl niste fete inalte .a friendly waitress chelneri prietenosi . doi baieti .

There is a pair of eyeglasses on the table . boy .blood 23.scissors.aunts (matusa . 25.matusi) uncle .unchi) 27. Substantivele abstracte nu au plural: prietenie . acestea se folosesc cu verbul la singular: fizica este o stiinta .boys (baiat .girls (fata .physics.politics.wood silk .matase sange . ochelari . Substantive fara singular: fizica .work 24.physics is a science foarfece . Ca regula generala pluralul se formeaza adaugand un s.eyeglasses (obiecte pereche)se folosesc cu verbul la plural: These scissors are sharp (Aceasta foarfeca e ascutita). politica .water aer . 26. In cazul numelor de substante.friendship bucurie .iron lemn . Daca substantivul la rostirea lui nu accepta s se pune o alta terminatie dupa caz.air fier . . substantivele nu au plural apa .fete) aunt .22.baieti) girl .joy lucrare .Este o pereche de ochelari pe masa.uncles (unchi . Cand un obiect pereche e folosit cu "a pair of" verbul e la singular.

buzzes (biziit . sefi) 29.patches (petec . Daca substantivul se termina in z la plural se pune es: buzz .biserici) patch .gene) 33.biziituri) quiz .banci) 30.28.mixes (amestec . Daca substantivul se termina in sh la plural se pune es: bush .autobuze) class .clase) boss .cutii) fox .buses (autobuz .bushes (tufis .petece) bench . Daca substantivul se termina in ch la plural se pune es: church .calves (vitel .bosses (sef.ciocniri) eyelash .knives (cutit . Daca substantivul se termina in f sau fe la plural se pune ves: calf .quizes (extemporal .wives (sotie .vitei) knife .crashes (ciocnire .boxes (cutie .amestecuri) 31. Daca substantivul se termina in s la plural se pune es: bus .vulpi) mix .benches (banca .tufisuri) crash .extemporale) 32.sotii) .cutite) wife .foxes (vulpe .churches (biserica . Daca substantivul se termina in x la plural se pune es: box .eyelashes (geana .classes (clasa .

Daca substantivul se termina in o pluralul se face cu es: tomato .days (zi .muffs (manson .zile) play .data (informatie .tomatoes (rosie .cuffs (buton .oxen (bou . Exista exceptii de formare a pluralului man .34. Exemplu: What is the date? .plays (piesa de teatru . Aceasta se numeste date.butoni) muff .parties (petrecere .countries (tara . Daca insa substantivul se termina in vocala + y pluralul se face cu s: day .potatoes (cartof .geese (gasca . Daca substantivul e neologism pluralul poate avea alta forma: analysis .In cat santem azi? (What day is today?) .women (femeie .gaste) mouse .copii) goose .barbati) woman .tari) fly .cartofi) 38.analyses (analiza .mansoane) 35.petreceri) 36.femei) child .analize) datum .piese de teatru) 37.rosii) potato .men (barbat . Daca substantivul se termina in consoana + y la plural y devine i si pluralul se face cu es: country . Daca substantivul se termina in doi f nu se pune ves la plural cuff .flies (musca .soareci) ox .mice (soarece .boi) 39.muste) party .chidren (copil .informatii) A nu se confunda data cu data din calendar.

fishes (tipuri de peste) cheese (branza) . she pentru feminin si it pentru neutru. My sister is six. .Sora mea are sase ani. There are deer in these forests .Canera mea e mica. 43. series .40. Unele substantive pot capata gen prin personificare: Ship . Dar numai pentru anumite cuvinte. He is in fourth grade .series sheep . waitress . Cateodata pluralul se refera la mai multe tipuri din substantivul respectiv: fruit (fruct.chelnerita actor . dar verbul se pune in functie de numarul la care se refera contextul.fruits (tipuri de fruct) fish (peste.E o caprioara in tufis. It is a mess.caprioare) There is a deer in the bush. pesti) . Nu adaugati daca nu stiti ca acel cuvant accepta aceasta: waiter .actor. Ea e dezordonata. Unele substantive au pluralul identic cu singularul.Vapor. actress .Sunt caprioare in aceste paduri 41.sheep (oaie .deer (caprioara .leu.chelner.Prietenul meu are zece ani. . fructe) .oi) deer . She is in first grade . Ea e in clasa intai.meats (carnuri) 42. My room is small.leoaica . lioness . Genul substantivului:Daca substantivul prin inteles are un gen atunci pronumele care ii tine locul va fi he pentru masculin. poate fi she 44. Genul poate fi format prin adaugarea sufixului ess la feminin. El e in clasa a patra. My friend is ten.cheeses (branzeturi) meat (carne) .actrita lion .

jenny ass 48. Dan goes to school .capra: billy goat. The covers of the book are green sau se spune si: The book's covers are green . nanny goat ass . La pasari doar daca se vrea sa se precizeze genul se zice cock sau hen.vrabie cock sparrow . sparrow . Pea singur ar insemna mazare.vrabioi hen sparrow . La unele animale se formeaza altfel genul (tot ca mai sus. The boy goes to school . Genitiv: Raspunde la intrebarile: al cui? a cui? ai cui? ale cui? Copertile cartii sunt verzi. numai daca trebuie precizat): goat .papagal cock parrot . Cine merge la scoala? Dan.Baiatul merge la scoala 49. Copertile cartii sunt verzi. Exceptie de la aceasta regula: peacock e paun in general iar peahen e paunita.catar: jack ass. Ale cui coperti sunt verzi? Ale cartii.mascul de papagal hen parrot .Dan merge la scoala. Nominativ: Raspunde la intrebarea: cine? sau ce? Dan merge la scoala.femela de papagal 46.vrabiuta parrot .45. 47.

florile gradinii 52.pisoii pisicii the garden's flowers .50. 's se numeste genitivul saxon sau posessive case.barbatilor Men's cloting is changing .Imbracamintea barbatilor (pentru barbati) se schimba 53. Genitivul saxon 's se foloseste si la pluralele care nu se termina in s: men . pe cand 's inverseaza aceasta ordine: acoperisul casei the roof of the house dar the house's roof unde roof = acoperis house = casa 51. Genitivul saxon 's se foloseste: la singularul substantivelor: my brother's friend . men's . E mult mai folosit decat forma cu of. De remarcat faptul ca of pastreaza ordinea din romana a cuvintelor.Masinile prietenilor mei sunt acolo The girls' recital is tomorrow. .barbat. genitivul saxon devine numai apostrof si nu se citeste My friends' cars are out there . Daca substantivul e la singular se pune 's chiar daca se termina in s: My boss's car is out there (boss's se citeste la fel ca bosses) . Daca substantivul e la plural si se termina cu s.prietenul fratelui meu the cat's kittens . Este folosit mai ales pentru fiinte dar se foloseste din ce in ce mai mult si pentru lucruri.Recitalul fetelor are loc maine 54.

Anumite cladiri (house. shop.Am sarit masa de pranz 3. office etc)se omit dupa acest genitiv saxon la casa unchiului meu: at my uncle's house . . Complementul direct raspunde la intrebarea: pe cine? sau ce? Give Rose my love sau Give my love to Rose .at the doctor's 56. Acuzativ: Raspunde la una din intrebarile:Pe cine? ce? L-am vazut pe Octavian Pe cine am vazut? Pe Octavian I saw Octavian . I gave Octavian the book sau I gave the book to Octavian Ce i-am dat lui Octavian? Cartea.Transmite-i lui Rose dragostea mea.at my uncle's la cabinetul doctorului at the doctor's office .Am dat cartea prietenului meu. Daca dativul vine inainte de complementul direct nu se pune to altfel se pune.L-am vazut pe Octavian I fed the puppy .I gave the book to Octavian 57. Am dat cartea lui Octavian .Am hranit catelusul I skipped lunch .ADJECTIVUL .55.Cartea este complement direct. Dativ: Raspunde la intrebarea cui? Am dat cartea Matildei Cui am dat cartea? Matildei I gave the book to Matilda . 58.Am dat cartea Matildei I gave the book to my friend . Dativul in engleza poate sta si inainte si dupa complementul direct.

please.59. deci pentru a arata afectiune folositi little My little girl is in kindegarten .a fi (predicat nominal) sau cu alte verbe de legatura dupa cum veti vedea la capitolul verbe. 61. sa cumpar cartea cea mica.lebada alba 60.femeie inalta happy girl .copii curiosi . Diminutivele in engleza se formeaza punand little sau small in fata substantivului Small descrie mai mult marimea.o pisica cenusie children are curios .10 chelneri obositi 63. Adjectivul se pune intre articol si substantiv: the old man .un barbat inalt the short men .Fetita mea e la gradinita I want to buy the small book.copiii sunt curiosi curious children .un chelner obosit a tired waitress . Ca si in romaneste adjectivele pot fi folosite cu verbul to be .As vrea va rog.baietelul a tall man .barbatul batran the little boy .fata fericita white swan . .o chelnerita obosita 10 tired waiters .pisica este cenusie a grey cat . Adjectivele nu au gen si nici plural a tired waiter . Adjectivul sta inaintea substantivului: tall woman .barbatii scunzi 62. the cat is grey .

Acest baiat e fiul meu .Acest baiat e fiul meu This is my son .Aceasta e fiica mea. In engleza. Adjectivele demonstrative: acest..Aceste fete sunt fiicele mele. aceste totdeauna sunt insotite de un substantiv. Baiatul acela e fiul meu. This is my daughter . acesti.Aceea e fiica mea. In engleza.Acestea sunt fiicele mele. adjectivul demonstrativ acei/acele si pronumele demonstrativ aceia/acelea este THOSE .Acel baiat e fiul meu. In engleza. In engleza. Fetele acestea sunt fiicele mele. These are my sons .Acesta e fiul meu This girl is my daughter . adjectivul demonstrativ acest/aceasta si pronumele demonstrativ acesta/aceasta este THIS This boy is my son .Acea fata e fiica mea.64.Acestia sunt fiii mei These girls are my daughters . That is my daughter . Fata aceea e fiica mea. aceasta. Baietii acestia sunt fiii mei.adjectiv demonstrativ Acesta e fiul meu . These are my daughters .pronume demonstrativ 65. Cand sunt singure ele se numesc pronume demonstrative. 68.Acela este fiul meu That girl is my daughter . 66.adjectiv demonstrativ Baiatul acesta e fiul meu .Acesti baieti sunt fiii mei. adjectivul demonstrativ acel/acea si pronumele demonstrativ acela/aceea este THAT That boy is my son . Fata aceasta e fiica mea. 67. adjectivul demonstrativ acesti/aceste si pronumele demonstrativ acestia/acestea este THESE These boys are my sons .Aceasta fata e fiica mea. That is my son .

adjectivul posesiv lui este his . Fetele acelea sunt fiicele mele. Baietii aceia sunt fiii mei.Fiii tai sunt doctori Your daughters are doctors . Those are my sons .Aceia sunt fiii mei Those girls are my daughters .Acele fete sunt fiicele mele. In engleza. noastra/vostru. 70.Acei baieti sunt fiii mei. 69. voastra.The white dog is mine. sa/nostru. ta/sau.Fiica ta e doctor Your sons are doctors .Fiicele mele sunt profesoare 71. In engleza.Fiii mei sunt profesori My daughters are teachers .Fiul tau e doctor Your daughter is a doctor .Fiica mea e profesoara My sons are teachers . Pisica bej e a mea . Adjectivele posesive (meu. Adjective posesive: Cainele meu e alb Pisica mea e bej sau Al meu caine e alb . adjectivul posesiv meu/mea/mei/mele e my My son is a teacher .The tan cat is mine. Daca ar fi singure ar fi pronume posesive.My cat is tan Pronume posesive: Cainele alb e al meu . adjectivul posesiv tau/ta/tai/tale este <b<your< b=""> </b<your<> Your son is a doctor . In engleza.My dog is white A mea pisica e bej . Those are my daughters . mea/tau.Those boys are my sons . lor) totdeauna insotesc un substantiv.Acelea sunt fiicele mele.Fiul meu e profesor My daughter is a teacher .Fiicele tale sunt doctori 72.

In engleza.Fiicele lui sunt doctori 73.Fiii nostri sunt barbieri Our daughters are barbers . In engleza.Fiica ei e avocat Her sons are lawyers . adjectivul posesiv vostru/voastra/vostri/voastre este your Your son is a tailor .Fiicele voastre sunt croitorese 76.Fiii vostri sunt croitori Your daughters are dressmakers . In engleza.Fiicele lor sunt pictori 77.Fiii lui sunt doctori His daughters are doctors .Fiica noastra e barler Our sons are barbers .Fiicele noastre sunt barbierite 75. se foloseste.pentru obiecte Pentru obiecte multiple insa. In engleza.Fiul lor e pictor Their daughter is a painter . adica la plural. adjectivul posesiv mai are o forma its . adjectivul posesiv ei este her Her son is a lawyer .Fiul ei e avocat Her daughter is a lawyer .Fiii ei sunt avocati Her daughters are lawyer .Fiul lui e doctor His daughter is a doctor . In engleza.Fiul vostru e croitor Your daughter is a dressmaker . adjectivul posesiv nostru/noastra/nostri/noastre este our Our son is a barber .Fiii lor sunt pictori Their daughters are painters . .Fiul nostru e barbier Our daughter is a barber .Fiicele ei sunt avocati 74. adjectivul posesiv lor este their Their son is a painter .Fiica lor e pictor Their sons are painters .His son is a doctor .Fiica lui e doctor His sons are doctors . la fel ca pentru fiinte their.Fiica voastra e croitoreasa Your sons are tailors .

Shakespeare) What a man! .un caine the dog .Their covers are torn . Those are my books.Care masina e a lui Peter? Which ones are your parents? . a dog . That is the boy WHO is my neighbor. The book WHICH I bought. cand nu e intrebare.(Romeo si Julieta . nu putem vorbi de pronume interogativ. . .Ce zi este azi? What is his name? ..Care sunt parintii tai? Which is better? . .Its cover is torn .Ce om! What are his parents? .Ce sunt parintii lui? What kind of bread is that? . What is that? .Aceea e cartea care-mi trebuie.cainii tai their dog . Copertile lor sunt rupte. in acest caz pronumele se numeste relativ. atunci cand punem my sau oricare din formele adjectivului posesiv.Aceea este cartea mea.Acelea sunt cartile mele.That is my book.Acela e baiatul care e vecinul meu.Care e mai bun? dar ca pronume relativ: That is the book WHICH I need. Coperta ei este rupta. Dupa cum se vede. WHICH inseamna CARE si PE CARE Cand nu e intrebare which se refera deobicei la obiecte sau animale.Ce fel de paine este aceea? 80.Cartea pe care am cumparat-o.cainele meu your dogs .Ce este numele lui (Cum il cheama)? What age is he? . In cazul oamenilor se foloseste WHO Sigur. Which car is Peter's? .Ce este aceea? What day is it? . 78.Ce este intr-un nume (ce inseamna un nume)? .cainele some dogs . WHAT inseamna CE. nu se mai foloseste articolul.cainele lor 79.Ce este varsta lui (Cati ani are)? What is in a name? .niste caini dar my dog .

Cine eu? Who do you think you are? . A CARUI.Shakespeare) 81.Sunt cine sunt 82.Baiatul a carui mama e inginer Chidren. cat de cat? . CEVA.Ai ceva bani? 85. WHOSE inseamna AL CUI. AI CARUI. ALE CARUI Whose book is that? .Cine suna? Who are your parents? . Do you have any money? .Ai vreun ban. Cel ce intreaba crede ca va primi un raspuns afirmativ. nu sta pe langa un substantiv.Copii. WHO inseamna CINE Who nu poate fi niciodata adjectiv. Who are you? . whose nose is long? Pinocchio's! . In intrebari SOME e pozitiv.Unele mere sunt dulci dar unele sunt acre 84. In intrebari ANY e negativ . UNELE I have some apples . SOME inseamna NISTE.Am niste mere. al cui nas e lung? Al lui Pinocchio! 83.Cine sunt parintii tai? Who me? . Do you have SOME money? . AI CUI.(Romeo si Julieta . Some apples are sweet but some are sour .A cui e cartea aceea? The boy whose mother is an engineer . ALE CUI dar si AL CARUI. UNII. A CUI.Cine te crezi? I am who I am .Cine e acolo?(la usa de exemplu) Who is calling? .Cel pe care il numim trandafir(ce numim noi trandafir) .That which we call a rose .Cine esti? Who is there? .cel ce intreaba nu crede ca raspunsul va fi afirmativ.

In propozitiile afirmative ANY are intelesul de ORICE Ask any question .86. I have no time .Nu am monede I see no stars . . . I don't have any coins. nu aud niciun rau. 88. in special cu alte verbe decat to be si to have.) 89. to deny).Orice carte e buna (merge) (Vrem sa citim ceva.A negat orice faradelege. orice . NICIO Trebuie observat ca in romaneste substantivul care urmeaza lui niciun.Nu vad nicio stea He refused to hear any explanations . La negativ se foloseste any sau no.Nu am nicio moneda I don't see any stars .Nu vad nicio stea No good deed goes unpunished . ANY inseamna in acest caz NICIUN. Any in propozitiile negative (nu interogative) cere ca verbul sa fie la negativ.Cum zicem noi: N-am vazut. nicio e totdeauna la singular pe cand in engleza acest lucru nu e obligatoriu.Nicio fapta buna nu scapa nepedepsita I see no evil. nu vorbesc niciun rau.Nu am timp I have no coins.Nu am niciun frate sau I don't have any brother .Pune orice intrebare Any help is appreciated . Any este mai des folosit decat no. nu se foloseste some. I speak no evil .nu conteaza ce) . NO se foloseste numai cu verbul fara negatie. n-am auzit.Orice ajutor e apreciat Any book will do . He denied any wrongdoing .(Cele trei maimute cu mainile pe ochi. pe urechi si pe gura care simbolizeaza asa zisul om curat ca lacrima care nu poarta nicio vina. in afara de cazul cand verbul insusi presupune o negatie (exemplu: to refuse.A refuzat sa auda vreo explicatie. I hear no evil. I don't have any brothers .Nu vad niciun rau.Nu am niciun frate 87.

Cineva e la usa.undeva anywhere . Deasemeni orice compus de-al lui any se foloseste in propozitii interogative si negative in locul compusului echivalent cu some someone . 92. somebody e la fel ca someone anybody e la fel ca anyone nobody e la fel ca no one In general aceste variante somebody. In engleza nu exista negatii duble. .Oriunde ma duc. nicaieri nowhere .unde somewhere .Mi-am lasat cheile undeva Anywhere I go. . De remarcat ca orice compus de-al lui no.Nimeni nu-ti poate spune ce sa faci.cineva anyone .Oricine vede diferenta Is anybody there? .Nimeni nu poate deschide usa aceea 91. I am still Romanian . nobody sunt mai folosite Somebody is on the phone.E cineva la telefon Anybody can see the difference .nimeni Someone is at the door. Cu some.fel . way .Oricine poate sa citeasca No one can open that door . anybody. where . pastreaza regula de a scoate orice alta negatie din propozitie. Does anyone know the answer? .Unde esti? I left my keys somewhere . .Stie cineva raspunsul? Anyone can read.oriunde.oricine no one .nicaieri Where are you? .90. any si no se pot forma multe cuvinte noi apropiate ca inteles de aceste trei forme de baza. sunt tot roman(ca) I can not find him anywhere.Nu il gasesc nicaieri sau I found him nowhere 93.E cineva acolo? Nobody can tell you what to do . .

oricand no time .oricum.in unele zile one day . we will solve this .imediat Drop by sometime! .Intr-o zi voi invata sa merg cu bicicleta Somedays I walk to school . Someday my prince will come .Oricum.cumva anyway .in nici un caz Someway.Intr-o zi am hotarat sa-mi schimb viata One day the world will end .oricum no way .Intr-o buna zi imi va veni printul (cantecul din Alba ca Zapada) Someday I will learn to ride a bike . any day . .Cumva o s-o rezolvam. am I going to do that! . in orice caz no how nu exista (a nu se confunda cu know how care se citeste la fel si .la un moment neprecizat in viitor sometimes .timp sometime .cumva anyhow .intr-o zi. intr-o buna zi somedays . nu are un inteles deosebit.intr-o zi One day e mai precis decat someday. day .Intr-o zi lumea se va sfarsi 95.Vino oricand I will fix it in no time . time .Il voi repara imediat 96.cum somehow . no day .zi someday .nu exista.cateodata anytime .In unele zile merg pe jos la scoala One day I decided to change my life .in orice zi.someway . imi pare bine ca ai venit No way. Anyway I am glad you came .Treci vreodata pe aici! Sometimes I think about him . how .In nici un caz nu fac asta! 94. De aceea se foloseste mai ales la trecut.Cateodata ma gandesc la el Come anytime.

orice nothing . nici eu merg Neither book was chosen ..Iti dau orice doresti Nothing is for free . .nici Se foloseste cand e vorba de numai doua substantive.or .nor . .Cumva vom rezolva asta. neither will I . Either .Daca tu nu mergi..Niciunul dintre baieti nu a terminat cursa sau Neither one finished the race sau Neither finished the race Neither am I done...sau. thing .Nu e nici inalt. he is your boss.Nici una dintre carti nu a fost aleasa. fa cum iti spune.Ceva e gresit (nu merge) I will give you anything you want .ceva anything .sau Ca si neither.. nici unul.Oricum el e seful tau.lucru something . 99. Nu se foloseste in propozitiile interogative sau in cele ce exprima o negatie deoarece ar produce o dubla negatie Se poate folosi si forma neither one Neither boy finished the race .nici. he is average .Nimic nu e gratis 98. . se foloseste cand e vorba de numai doua substantive.nimic Something is wrong . just do as he says..nici. nici una neither. He is neither tall nor short.Nici eu nu am terminat If you won't go.oricare (in afirmatii).. 97. Se foloseste si in propozitiile interogativ negative si in cele negative si in cele afirmative . nici (in negatii si propozitiile interogativ negative) either. nici scund ci e mediu (ca inaltime). Anyhow. Neither ..inseamna pricepere) Somehow we will work this out (we will solve this).

Poti sa-i pacalesti pe toti oameni cateodata.Toti au dat ceva.. She didn't come either? .nici None of my friends called . I am not asleep either . poti chiar sa-i pacalesti pe unii oamenii totdeauna. I told all. A nation that provides liberty and justice for all .Tot acest pamant este al fermierului.niciunul. toate.Nici unul dintre prietenii mei nu a sunat. to leave. All . .Abraham Lincoln some of the people = some people some of the time = sometimes all of the people = all the people . toata. .' . but you cannot fool all of the people all the time. None . you can even fool some of the people all of the time. niciuna Este echivalentul lui neither cand se refera la mai mult de doua substantive Cand se refera la mai mult de doua substantive nu poate fi folosit in combinatia nici.Totu-i bine cand se termina cu bine (Shaskespeare) All gave some. tuturor all the time sau always inseamna totdeauna All this land is the farmer's .In propozitiile interogative se aseaza la sfarsitul propozitiei.Sau ai terminat sau n-ai terminat. .Erau amandoi epuizati 101.Amandoi alergatorii au terminat cursa They were both exhausted .. amandoua Both runners finished the race .Nici eu nu dorm. dar nu poti sa-i pacalesti pe toti oamenii totdeauna. some gave all . unii au dat tot (despre soldatii care mor in razboi) 'You may fool all the people some of the time.O tara care ofera libertate si dreptate pentru toti.Nici ea nu a venit? 100. All is well that ends well . 102.amandoi. toti. Both .Le-am spus la toti (tuturor) sa plece. Se poate folosi si forma either one Either one can win.tot.Oricare poate castiga Either you are done or you aren't .

We have a little suger left.Mai avem putin zahar. We still have a few customers . Each . A little inseamna putin Se foloseste in cazul unor multimi nenumarabile.Cateva zile insorite. 106. Asa cum se vede.cativa. si in sens pozitiv. serveste-te! dar We have a few crackers left.cativa.Am o fetita 108.Mai avem foarte putin timp pana sa ajunga tornada aici. Little inseamna putin Se foloseste in cazul unor multimi nenumarabile. aproape deloc. si in sens negativ.Putin soare A few sunny days . se foloseste a little respectiv little A little sunlight . de multimi nenumarabile. Si se folosesc in cazuri de multimi numarabile In celelalte cazuri. cateva Subliniaza faptul ca e un numar mic.fiecare De multe ori pot fi ambele folosite.fiecare Every .103. We have few customers . help yourself! . . deasemeni Inseamna mic fara sens negativ We have little time left before the tornado is here . cateva A few are o nuanta de optimism. dar I have a little girl .Avem (doar) cativa cumparatori 105. a few si few folosesc substantive aflate la plural.Mai avem cativa biscuiti. A few . help yourself! .Avem inca cativa clienti 104. few . serveste-te! 107.

Every face tells a story .Am rezolvat toate problemele din carte 111. Each poate sta pe langa un substantiv (ca adjectiv) sau poate sa nu stea (ca pronume) Buy one of each . Each child is special . Si in romaneste tot omul inseamna fiecare om. Every (fiecare) este pentru numere mari si are sensul de toate.Analizeaza fiecare propozitie cu atentie There were ten cars.Este o masa in fiecare camera sau There is a table in every room .There is a table in each room . every two weeks . Each considera lucrurile pe rand. nu each arata cat de des se intampla ceva The clock kept ringing every ten minutes . la fiecare doua saptamani etc 112.Este o masa in fiecare camera 109.Fiecare copil/toti copiii trebuie sa se uite la tabla I solved every problem in the book . la fel se zice: Every year.Fiecare copil a primit bomboane.Fiecare val era mai inalt decat cel dinainte.Orice caine are ziua sa (proverb) Every child needs to look at the blackboard . each one was a different color .in fiecare an. fiecare in parte Each subliniaza diferentele Se foloseste pentru numere mici Analyze each sentence carefully . de orice.Ceasul suna la fiecare zece minute. Every.Erau zece masini.Fiecare chip spune o poveste Every dog has his day .Cumpara una din fiecare (pronume) The children were each given candy .Fiecare copil este deosebit 110. fiecare de alta culoare Each wave was higher than the one before .Copiii au primit toti bomboane sau (pronume) Each child was given candy . (adjectiv) .

thing .113.timp everytime .toate lucrurile.Oamenii peste tot sunt la fel 117. .peste tot everytime .zi everyday . a cazut in locasul sau (expresie) Everything is ok . where . plang That happens everytime I dial the number .Iti spun tot ce stiu 115.Asta se intampla de cate ori formez numarul.zilnic Se pune numai la sfarsitul propozitiei I see him everyday . every este baza pentru o multime de alte cuvinte. totul Everything is ready . any si no.de fiecare data everybody .Totul este gata Everything fell into place . I cry .>br> I'll tell you everything I know .peste tot I looked for my watch everywhere .Il vad zilnic I drink milk everyday . everything .fiecare (persoana) 114.De cate ori ma gandesc la Lisa. Every insa cere totdeauna un substantiv. Ca si some. day .Totul s-a lamurit.lucru everything . time .de cate ori Everytime I think of Lisa.Mi-am cautat ceasul peste tot People everywhere are the same .toata lumea everyone .Beau zilnic lapte 116.in fiecare zi everywhere .Totul este bine.tot everyday . tot.unde everywhere . sau cuvantul one.

Fiecare dintre noi are un destin Here is the candy. He is invited to lots of parties and he goes to every one. body . Every one of you must be brave in battle .Iata bomboanele. One se foloseste ca sa tina locul substantivului.unul pentru fiecare. Every one scris in doua cuvinte se poate folosi si pentru lucruri cu intelesul de fiecare. .118. Te rog ia cate un fel din fiecare. Everyone e sinonim cu everybody Everyone se refera deci la oameni. toate Everybody este opusul lui nobody (nimeni) In Romania everybody speaks Romanian .corp everybody . Sau cu one for each .Fiecare dintre voi trebuie sa fie curajos in batalie Each (one) of us has a destiny. Everybody wants to be a cat .toata lumea. 122.E invitat la multe petreceri si se duce la fiecare (adica la toate).In Romania toata lumea vorbeste romaneste. Each and every e un mod emfatic de a spune tot Each se refera la particular . . 120. We have a toy for each child . Everyone cu acest inteles se scrie intr-un cuvant. Every one of si each of inseamna fiecare dintre Each of nu trebuie confundat cu one of each care inseamna unul din fiecare.Cer tuturor sa doneze niste bani. .Toata lumea vrea sa fie pisica 119. Every one aici inseamna every party.Avem cate o jucarie pentru fiecare copil. 121. Please take one of each kind. I'm asking everyone to donate some money . toti.

alt. 124.Unul pentru toti.Inseamna ca fiecare mancare a fost din paine.Am si alte idei Other cars are faster . . All se foloseste cu o prepozitie.Am mancat fiecare paine. 125.  All se refera la toti vazuti ca grup . Other .Am mancat toata painea.Fiecare a fost probabil prost tratat in trecut. every si all  Each se refera la fiecare individ fara sa tina seama de grup  Every se refera la fiecare individ din cadrul grupului. toti pentru unul.Ingrijitul este in intregime legat de rabdare. altfel se refera la toti membri din univers al acelui substantiv. Caring is all about patience. Diferentele dintre each. in intregimea sa. (Nu am mancat decat paine) Everything I had was bread . alta.Alte masini sunt mai iuti.Fiecare cladire trebuie sa reziste la cutremure 123. toti cainii tai sunt rai Every dog I have is from an animal sheler .Toti cainii (de pe pamant) sunt rai No. Each and every soldier must be ready to die for his country . All dogs are mean .intregul grup. Every cere un substantiv dupa el (e adjectiv).Fiecare soldat trebuie sa fie gata sa moara pentru tara sa Each and every building needs to withstand earthquakes . alti.Every se refera la general Deci impreuna arata tot substantivul. I ate all of the bread .Inseamna tot ce am macat a fost paine. All for one and one for all! . I ate every bread . alte Other nearticulat daca sta pe langa un substantiv acesta e la plural I also have other ideas . Each one was probably ill-treated in the past . . all of your dogs are mean .Fiecare caine pe care il am e de la un adapost opentru animale. toate painile (din cos de exemplu) deasemeni All I've had was bread .Nu.

in lipsa subtantivului. o alta I want another book . In limba engleza nu e necesar sa se puna doua pronume la acuzativ Propozitia de mai sus in engleza ar fi: Eu vad pe tine adica I see you. ca sa indice pluralul. The other . . S-au folosit doua pronume la acuzativ: te si pe tine.Vreau alte carti I want the other books .Vreau o alta carte I want the other book .Altii vor bucata asta de placinta. ceilalti.Mi-am luat haina cealalta The other coats I have are too warm .Am luat haina cealalta. nu eu.Sper ca si celorlalti le-a placut 130. Others want this piece of pie.un alt.Vreau celelalte carti 129.ceilalti Others e NUMAI pronume.altii.Celalalt (decat cel despre care e vorba) e maron. The other wallpaper is brown . de aceea are un s.Vreau cartea cealalta I want other books . . Daca the other nu sta pe langa un substantiv se pune cuvantul "one" optional. I hope the others liked it too .celalalt.126. celelalte.Celalalt tapet e maron The other one is brown . The other is brown. . Others . cealalta. I don't. I took the other coat. Another .Celelalte haine pe care le am sunt prea calduroase 127. the others . 128. adica nu poate fi urmat de un substantiv. The other daca sta pe langa un substantiv acesta poate fi si la singular si la plural. dar si I took my other coat . In romaneste spunem: Eu te vad pe tine.

de superioritate O pasare mai putin frumoasa ca papagalul este porumbelul. Comparatia saxona se intalneste la adjectivele monosilabice Exemple red ..cel mai rosu big .gras fast .gros thin .inferioritate O pasare la fel de frumoasa ca papagalul e porumbelul.smarter .incet few .rapid slow .the smartest destept .mai bun .bigger .superioritate 132. Bun .egalitate 0 pasare mai frumoasa ca papagalul e porumbelul..fierbinte ..cel mai destept 133.the smallest -> mic thick .smaller .mai bun se numeste comparativ .the biggest -> inalt small .I want the others 131.cel mai bun Reprezinta gradele de comparatie ale adjectivelor . Vom studia intai comparatia de superioritate: Cel mai raspandit caz e cel al comparatiei Saxone: smart .mai destept .Tu vezi pe mine .inalt short .redder .tanar tall .batran young .putini hot .de inferioritate .de egalitate .the reddest -> rosu .You see me tot asa Eu le vreau pe celelalte se transforma in Eu vreau celelalte .subtire old .mai rosu .cel mai bun se numeste superlativ Ca si in romana in engleza comparativul poate fi: .scund fat .

larger .the funniest .funnier .the largest -> voluminos 136.cutest -> scumpel large . y se transforma in i skinny . Daca ultima consoana e precedata de doua vocale automat ultima vocala nu e scurta.the most terrible My book is more interesting than Peter's But the most interesting book is Tom's 138.skinnier .sooner . Daca ultima consoana e precedata de o vocala scurta ultima consoana se dubleaza. Pentru adjectivele de doua silabe terminate in y.the fairest soon .the skinniest . Daca adj se termina in e.bigger .the soonest The biggest elephant in the world .cold .Cel mai mare elefant din lume 135.the craftiest .redder . nu se pun doi e cute .fairer . frig etc 134. Pentru adjectivele lungi se foloseste comparatia franceza interesting .rece.nostim crafty .more interesting . Unele adjective au comparatie neregulata .the reddest big .cuter .the most interesting terrible .viclean 137.craftier . red .more terrible .slab funny .the biggest dar fair .

si acum doi ani am avut cea mai putina ploaie din istorie.Dar probabil ca nu e cel mai slab profesor 141. Desi a little si little. 142. gradele lor de comparatie sunt la fel We had a little rain this year Yes.cel mai putin We had little rain this year . and two years ago we had the least rain in history .Da dar anul trecut am avut mai putina I know. last year we had less inseamna A plouat putin (adica un pic) anul asta Da. anul trecut a fost mai putina (ploaie) si We had little rain this year .Aceasta e un desen bun This drawing is better than that one .mai rau .putin few . a few si few etc Nu inseamna chiar acelasi lucru.putini much .mult many .less .the least -> putin .cel mai bun This is a good drawing .bun bad .worse .Stiu.cel mai rau bad inseamna si slab intr-o indeletnicire Bad teachers are everywhere . little .Acest desen e mai bun decat acela.mai putin .Erin face desenele cele mai bune. bad .Profesori slabi sunt peste tot Jeff is a worse teacher than others .mai bun .better .departe 139.Jeff e un profesor mai slab decat altii But he probably is not the worst teacher .good . Erin makes the best drawings .rau little . good .the best -> bun .multi far . but last year we had less .the worst -> rau . 140.Am avut putina ploaie anul asta Yes.

dintre toti This skirt is longer than the others .cel mai mult My book is more interesting than Peter's .Cartea mea e cea mai interesanta de la biblioteca . much si many He has few friends . much . few .Da.cei mai putini Desi forma acestui adjectiv e regulata. but he has fewer enemies . dar el are si mai putini dusmani I think he has the fewest friends and the fewest enemies.fewer .El are putini prieteni Yes. 145.the most -> mult .Aceasta este cea mai lunga fusta This is the longest of all skirts . Pentru a sublinia ideea la comparativ se zice than the others .decat ceilalti iar la superlativ se zice of all .Aceasta fusta e mai lunga decat celelalte sau This skirt is longer than the other skirts .mai putini .But. il prezentam la un loc cu adjectivele neregulate little.more .Cartea mea e mai interesanta decat a lui Peter My book is the most interesting in the library .Aceasta e cea mai lunga dintre toate fustele sau This skirt is longer than the other skirts .fewest -> putini .Aceasta fusta e mai lunga decat celalte fuste iar This is the longest skirt of all .mai mult . last year we had even less inseamna A plouat putin anul asta Dar anul trecut am avut si mai putina (ploaie) 143.sau 144.

dar Peter a facur mai multe Kevin made the most mistakes of all. far . mai multe.mai linistit .Esti departe de adevar His answer is even farther from the truth .cel mai linistit narrow .farther . cei mai multi etc. . mai multa. mai multi. .the quietest -> linistit . Foarte important! more si most au fiecare prin urmare doua intelesuri more = mai inaintea unui adjectiv: more intelligent -> mai inteligent more = mai mult inaintea unui substantiv: more water -> mai multa apa most = cel mai inaintea unui adjectiv: the most intelligent -> cel mai inteligent most = cel mai mult inaintea unui substantiv: the most water -> cea mai multa apa Cei ce invata engleza. 147. 148.cel mai ingust 150.the most -> multi . care nu se termina in y.Raspunsul lui e si mai departe de adevar This lake is the farthest one from the forest . se foloseste in propozitii interogative si negative In propozitiile afirmative se inlocuieste cu a lot Is there much work to be done? . -est. Much .narrower .Kevin a facut cele mai multe greseli dintre ei toti.mai ingust .146.quieter .El nu stie prea mult .the narrowest -> ingust . but Peter made more .E multa munca de facut? He doesn't know much.se foloseste cu multimi nenumarabile In engleza moderna.cei mai multi Michael made some mistakes . deseori zic grest mai mult.mai multi .the farthest -> departe .more .Michael a facut niste greseli. many .Da.cel mai departe You are far from the truth .mai departe . primesc totusi -er. quiet .Acest lac e el mai departat de padure 149. Yes. Alte exceptii: Cateva adjective de doua silabe.

Atatia oameni in ziua de azi sunt obositi .se foloseste cu multimi numarabile Se foloseste in propozitii interogative si negative. In propozitiile afirmative se poate inlocui cu a lot of dar se foloseste si many of sau many. In propozitii afirmative pe langa a lot of se foloseste many of Many of my friends are abroad .Nu mai sunt multi lupi 153. so much .Sunt multi din prietenii tai sunt in strainatate? 154.dar I have a lot of work to do.Am multa munca de facut. atatea So many people nowadays are tired .Multi din prietenii mei sunt in strainatate Many of my friends are not abroad .Nu sunt multi imblanzitori de lei in lume There are a lot of coins in the drawer . Observatie Pentru much se foloseste verbul la singular Pentru many se foloseste verbul la plural There isn't much water left . so many .Sunt multi banuti in sertar? There are not many lion tamers in the world . 152.Multi din prietenii mei nu sunt in strainatate Are many of your friends abroad? . . Many .Nu mai e multa apa ramasa There aren't many wolves left .Atata munca mai e de facut 155. 151.Sunt multi banuti in sertar. dupa context Are there many coins in the drawer? .atatia.atata So much work needs to be done .

Atatea frunze au cazut incat pamantul e un covor de frunze 160. very much . so much. many more people go to college ..Mult mai mult timp e necesar 157.Acolo e locul unde am fost.mult mai mult Much more time is needed ..incat So much time has passed that he may not remember you . . I ..I eat That is where I went ...mult mai multi Nowadays. much more . .atati.PRONUMELE 161. atatia. many more .In ziua de azi.that .156. In raspunsuri.Multumesc foarte mult... 4. indiferent de locul din propozitie..Atata timp a trecut incat s-ar putea sa nu-si aminteasca de tine 159.Eu I se scrie totdeauna cu litera mare. atata. mult mai multi oameni merg la facultate 158.Imi place foarte mult Thank you. Eu mananc . so many.incat So many leaves have fallen that the ground is a carpet of leaves. afirmatii legate de sentimente se foloseste very much I like it very much .that: atat. .

That table needs fixing.Voi sunteti fermieri. . .Ea She is my sister .Trebuie sa fie greu It's a long way to Tiperarry ..voi amandoi you two . 163.E tarziu It is cold .voi toti sau you both .Voi doi aveti un caine. Are un picior rupt It looks like rain . De aceea se foloseste de multe ori all of you . cateodata nu.Pare ca o sa ploua.impreuna You are farmers .Tu esti fermier (deasemeni singura posibilitate) You have a dog .162.poate sa fie si Tu ai un caine si Voi aveti un caine. Cateodata se intelege din context daca e tu sau voi. It is on the window. nu poate un singur om sa fie mai multi fermieri (deci aici you = voi) You are a farmer . E pe geam.Vad o musca.voi..together ..Tu. Deasemeni propozitiile care in romaneste nu au subiect prin natura lor. He . Voi Si tu si voi in englezeste se zic la fel.E frig.voi doi you.Ea este sora mea 165. You . In plus toate obiectele sau chiar fiintele care nu conteaza ca gen sunt numite it. She .Masa aceea are nevoie sa fie reparata. I see a fly. It It se foloseste pentru obiecte. in englezeste folosesc it (vezi ultimele doua exemple).El He is my brother .. You two have a dog . It has a broken leg.E lung drumul pana la Tiperarry It is late. deoarece engleza nu are gen. .El e fratele meu 164. It must be hard . .

Ascutitoarea e a noastra The papers are yours .Pixul e al tau The notebook is his .al tau his .Caietul e al lui The eraser is hers .Noi suntem gemeni.al lui hers .al nostru yours .Ei sunt chelneri They are waitresses . it nu are pronume posesiv. Are insa forma de adjectiv posesiv. They .Ele sunt chelnerite These are the dishes.al lor The pencil is mine . The table is red.Creionul e al meu The pen is yours .Ei..Guma e a ei The pencil sharpener is ours .al meu yours . Trebuiesc spalate 168.al ei ours . Ele si plural pentru it They are waiters . They need to be washed .Hartiile sunt ale voastre/ale tale The ruler is theirs . We . 167.Noi We are twins .Culoarea ei e rosie .Linia e a lor 169.al vostru their .Masa este rosie The red color is ? (nu exista pronume posesiv dar folosim genitivul lui table: Culoarea rosie e a mesei .Acestea sunt vasele.The red color is the table 's sau Its color is red .166. mine .

170. ma spal e verb reflexiv
Eu ma spal pe mine.
Ma si pe mine sunt pronume reflexive.
Nu orice verb reflexiv in romaneste e reflexiv si in engleza.
In engleza sunt mai putine verbe reflexive ca in romaneste. De aceea in loc de
pronume reflexiv uneori se foloseste adjectivul posesiv:
Ma pieptan - I comb my hair (Pieptan parul meu.)
Ma spal pe dinti - I brush my teeth. (Spal dintii mei)

De multe ori un verb poate fi reflexiv intr-un context si nereflexiv in altul.

Eu spal o cana - nu e reflexiv
Eu ma spal pe mine - reflexiv

171. to wash oneself - a se spala pe sine
In engleza insa pronumele reflexiv nu se foloseste cand se subintelege ca
actiunea are caracter reflexiv
Iata o lista de verbe care pot fi reflexive in engleza.

to behave onself - a se purta bine in public (zis mai mult despre copii sau despre
animale de companie)
to convince oneself - a se autoconvinge
to cry oneself to sleep - a plange in pat pana adormi.
to deny oneself - a-si refuza
to encourage oneself - a se autoincuraja
to enjoy oneself - a se distra
to hurt oneself - a-si face rau singur
to kill oneself - a se sinucide
to market oneself - a-si face reclama

172. Reflexivul in engleza se formeaza din adjectivul posesiv la care se adauga
terminatia
self - la sngular
selves - la plural

I enjoyed myself at the party - M-am simtit bine la petrecere.
You blame yourself too much - Te invinovatesti prea mult.
He hurt himself in the garage - S-a ranit in garaj.
She baked herself a cake - Si-a copt o prajitura.
The cat licked itself clean - Pisica s-a lins pana s-a curatat.
We tell ourselves lies everyday - Ne spunem minciuni in fiecare zi.
You made yourselves very clear in your speech. - Ati fost foarte clari in discurs.
They look at themselves in the mirror - Ei se uita in oglinda

173. Pronumele reflexive au si intelesul de singur sau sunt folosite si ca intarire.

by myself - singur, singura.

I like to live by myself - Imi place sa locuiesc singur
I wrote the paper by myself - Am scris lucrarea singur.
I wrote this paper myself - Chiar eu am scris lucrarea asta.

174. Pronumele reflexive se pot traduce si cu insumi, insuti, etc.

I went there myself - Eu insuni m-am dus acolo

175. with me -> cu mine In romaneste atunci cand nu pronumele personal face
actiunea (adica nu e subiect)se zice de exemplu:

M-am dus cu tine.

Prepozitiile cu de mai jos au numai rol de exemplificare:

(with) me - (cu) mine
(with) you - (cu) tine
(with) him - (cu) el
(with) her - (cu) ea
(with) us - (cu) noi
(with) you - (cu) voi
(with) them - (cu) ei, ele

176. Dupa prepozitii daca urmeaza un pronume automat acesta e un pronume la
cazul obiectiv.

Emily went with me - Emily s-a dus cu mine
Emily talked about you - Emily a vorbit despre tine
Emily worked without him - Emily a lucrat fara el
Emily took it from her - Emily l-a luat de la ea
Emily lives above us - Emily locuieste deasupra noastra
Emily wrote a poem for you - Emily a scris o poezie pentru voi
Emily thought about them - Emily s-a gandit la ei

177. Pe mine, pe tine se traduc me, you fara prepozitie
L-am vazut pe el.- I saw him
L-am intrebat pe el. - I asked him

In romaneste se adauga inca un pronume, acest l-, care in engleza nu exista.
In englezeste spunem Am vazut pe el. (fara L-).Am vazut pe tine (fara Te-). etc

I love you! - Te iubesc!
Subiectul I e obligatoriu, pe nu se traduce te cade si se traduce Eu iubesc pe
tine.

Peter asked me - Peter m-a intrebat
Peter noticed you - Peter te-a observat
Peter called him - Peter l-a chemat
Peter saw her - Peter a vazut-o
Peter fed us - Peter ne-a hranit
Peter called you - Peter v-a chemat
Peter rang them - Peter i-a sunat.

178. Give me! - Da-mi!

Si in acest caz (cazul dativ) se foloseste aceasta forma a pronumelui personal
Dativul totdeauna raspunde la intrbarea CUI?
Si in acest caz limba romana foloseste un dublu pronume, iar in engleza exista
doar al doilea.

He told me about it. - Mi-a spus mie(despre asta)
He gave you a present - Ti-a dat tie un cadou
The child showed him the drawing! - Copilul i-a aratat desenul
He wrote her a letter - I-a scris o scrisoare ei.
He read us a story - Ne-a citit o poveste
He built you a tree house - V-a construit o casa in copac
He made them an offer - Le-a facut o oferta

179. Vai de mine!
Exista unele interjectii care folosesc pronume sau adjective care se traduc cu
vai de mine

Dear me!
Gracious me!
Goodness me!
Oh my god!

Oh my stars!
Oh my!

180. WHO - CARE, PE CARE
Cand nu e interogatie WHO poate fi tradus si cu CARE sau PE CARE (whom)
WHO este cine fara prepozitie. WHOM este cu prepozitie: pe cine, pe care
Cand se refera mai degraba la oricine, cine se traduce cu whoever.

Who will answer? - Cine va raspunde?
She is the girl who answered. - Ea este fata care a raspuns.
That is the lady who is my teacher - Aceea este doamna care este profesoara
mea
That is the man who I saw - Acela e omul pe care l-am vazut

181. WHOEVER - ORICINE
Cand cine are intelesul de oricine se foloseste whoever.
Anybody sau anyone au deasemeni intelesul de oricine.
Cand oricine poate fi inlocuit de cine atunci se foloseste whoever.
Altfel se foloseste anybody, anyone

Whoever buys you earrings again - Cine ti-o mai lua cercei
Whoever comes to the party, may win a prize - Cine vine la petrecere poate
castiga un premiu
Anybody can come to the party - Oricine are voie sa vina la petrecere

182. anyone who - whoever
Putem insa inlocui whoever cu anyone who sau anybody who.

This number is for anyone who calls - Acest numar e pentru cine suna
This number is for whoever calls

183. WHOM - CU CINE, LA CINE, etc
Cand cine e insotit de prepozitie se traduce whom in loc de who
Insa astazi aceasta regula e adeseori incalcata, si forma folosita e tot who.

For whom the bells toll - Pentru cine bat clopotele.
Look who is talking to whom - Uite cine vorbeste cu cine
With whom are you going? - Cu cine mergi?
dar veti auzi mai degraba:

cui to whom .Cui ii scrii? dar Whom are you going to .Spune cuiva caruia ii pasa (nu mie) 187.Cui ii poate fi de interes Propozitie consacrata folosita de firme pe scrisori trimise catre mai multi destinatari necunoscuti 186.la cine.La cine te duci? Give the old coat to whoever wants it .With who are you going? sau si mai des Who are you going with? 184. Who se foloseste in cazul oamenilor That si which in cazul fiintelor. carora Tell someone who cares . to whoever . who inseamna si caruia. to whom.Trenul rapid pe care l-am vazut ieri .La cine te duci? 185.Da haina veche oricui o vrea.Trenul care e rapid The fast train which we saw yesterday .deobicei se traduce prin cui To whom are you writing? . Primele doua intrebari se zic mai degraba: Who are you writing to? . To whom it may concern . catre cine .Baiatul care alearga repede The train that is fast . The boy who runs fast . careia.Cui ii scrii? dar To whom are you going" . WHO. obiectelor si conceptelor. WHICH si THAT inseamna CARE Contextele in care se foloseste fiecare insa difera putin.

That car .Deseori se viziteaza (se intalnesc. which neobligatorii They are on the team that won first place .Masina aceea care este in parcare este a Mariei.NUMERALUL . one another . each other inseamna one another Amandoua au acelasi inteles totusi cand este vorba de doua persoane each other poate fi preferat They listened to each other speak . Daca propozitia principala incepe cu this.Omul care a cucerit Everestul 189.Cadoul pe care i l-am luat e foarte mare. Let us help one another . That car which is in the parking lot is Mary's. deci acum putem folosi which.Ei sunt in echipa care a luat locul intai(identifica echipa).Masina aceea.Totdeauna s-au respectat unul pe celalalt They always had respect for one another 5.S-au ascultat unul pe altul vorbind They always had respect for each other . THAT introduce informatii obligatorii. (Se presupune ca nu ai cumparat si alte cadouri) That se foloseste la animale si chiar si la oameni.unul pe altul unul cu altul.188. that. unul pe celalalt. which I bought her. 191.Vorbesc unul cu altul They often see one another . . 190. is very big. those se poate folosi which in loc de that. these. The present.Cainele mare si latos pe care il iubesc. unul celuilalt. . The man that conquered Mount Everest . The big shaggy dog that I love . masina a fost identificata. se vad) unul pe celalalt.Sa ne ajutam unii pe altii. unii pe altii They help one another a lot .Se ajuta mult unul pe altul They talk to one another .

Sunt 12 luni intr-un an.90 .50 Sixty .10 One . 20 .70 Eighty .13 Fourteen . 11 .18 Nineteen .6 Seven .11 Twelve .Ajung in 10 minute 193.4 Five .1 Two . 1 .O saptamana are sapte zile I will be there in ten minutes .19 Twenty -20 A teenager is somebody between thirteen and nineteen (years of age) .5 Six . 194. There are twelve months in a year .Un adolescent e cineva intre 13 si 19 ani.100 Twenty .10 A week has seven days .20 Eleven .192.17 Eighteen .40 Fifty .7 Eight .60 Seventy .8 Nine .20 Thirty .15 Sixteen .30 Forty .3 Four .16 Seventeen .12 Thirteen .14 Fifteen .9 Ten .2 Three .80 Ninety .

.24 de mierle coapte in placinta Twenty-one is the legal age for drinking in the US.101 la fel orice numar intre un multiplu de 100 si multiplul respectiv plus 10 poate primi and. .101 sau one hundred one .Sunt 52 de saptamani intr-un an.Sunt 100 de ani intr-un secol. There are twenty-four hours in a day.110 one hundred and one .000 a billion .21 de ani e varsta legala pentru baut alcool in SUA. This year has three hundred fifty seven days .Sunt 60 de minute intr-o ora 195.o suta de mii a million . In engleza arhaica puteti auzi one and twenty etc Four and twenty blackbirds baked in a pie . 197. in 1504.Sunt sapte zile intr-o saptamana There are fifty-two weeks in a year . 21 Twenty-one . 101 . a thousand . Exemplu: 406 .Sunt 24 de ore pe zi There are seven days in a week .000.O mie si una de nopti That village has a population of two thousand three hundred seventeen people - Acel sat are o populatie de 2317 locuitori . .There are sixty minutes in an hour .o mie ten thousand .000 a hundred thousand .Douazeci si unu In engleza moderna nu se zice si la nici un numar pana la 99 inclusiv. 356 .three hundred fifty six One hundred and one dalmatians . There are a hundred years in a century .Stefan cel Mare a murit acum 508 ani in 1504. 196.O suta unu dalmatieni Stefan cel Mare died five hundred eight years ago.four hundred and six sau four hundred six.Anul acesta are 357 zile.un miliard A thousand and one nights .1.10.

754 . se zice mai simplu 2012 .two thousand five hundred thirty Columbus sailed the ocean blue In fourteen hundred ninety two. Pentru a zice de ordinul sutelor.64 De remarcat ca in engleza acolo unde noi punem '. ei pun punct si unde noi punem '. Columb a navigat peste intinderea oceanului In 1492 199.twenty twelve 1945 . 1.twenty five hundred thirty si nu 2530 .64 = 1.In 1944 s-a terminat razboiul in Europa.' pentru zecimale.Oamenii au venit cu miile la concert 201. People came in the thousands to the concert . aici de fapt va arat cum se citesc acesti ani. 64 in romaneste = 1.nineteen forty-five Bineinteles ca si in engleza anii se scriu tot cu cifre. in the thousands. In eighteen seventy-seven Romania won its independence .198. Alta citire pentru mii se zice mai mult: 2530 .64 in englezeste 5.754 -> 5. 200.237.279 in englezeste 5. 2012 Mai ales la ani.In 1877 Romania si-a castigat independenta In nineteen fourty-four the war ended in Europe . miilor Se zice: In the hundreds.279 in romaneste = 5.237.' la mii ei pun virgula 1.

acesta se transforma in i sixty .anii 20.al 12-lea thirteeth .al 11-lea twelfth .A terminat cursa pe locul al patrulea. 12th.al 18-lea nineteeth . in his thirties Am douazeci si ceva de ani .a noua (9th) tenth . 203.al 15-lea sixteenth .al 13-lea fourteenth .a doua (2nd) third .a zecea (10th) He came in first! .20 si peste Se adauga th eleventh .sixtieth Acestea se scriu prescurtat: 11th. The 40s were hard on everybody .202. 1-10 first . The 20's .a treia (3rd) fourth .al 14-lea fifteenth .Anii 40 au fost grei pentru toata lumea.I'm in my twenties She is in her nineties but she still jogs .a patra (4th) fifth .Anii 20 The twenties .Ea are 90 si ceva de ani dar inca face jogging 204.prima (1st) second .a opta (8th) ninth .a cicea (5th) sixth . 205. 354th etc . 11 .a sasea (6th) seventh .a saptea (7th) eigth .al 16-lea seventeenth .A terminat primul! He finished the race in fourth place .al 19-lea Avem regula ca la numeralele terminate in y.al 17-lea eighteenth .

What time is it? .jumatate A quarter .Ce zi e azi? In engleza americana luna se scrie inaintea zilei. 2001.A zecea parte A hundredth . Azi e 13 octombrie Today is the 13th of October (engleza britanica) Today is October 13th (engleza americana) Today is October 13 (engleza americana . What day is today . Ele sunt deasemeni numite atacurile 9 11 209.fara th) The New York City terrorist attacks took place on September 11.Ce tara e pe locul 48 in lume la productia de petrol? Romania 206.Eminescu lived in the nineteenth century .Cat e ceasul? .Eminescu a trait in secolul 19. They are also called the 9/11 (luna zi) attacks Atacurile teroriste din New York au avut loc pe 11 Septembrie. . A tenth . What country is number forty-eighth globally in oil production? Romania.2/5 din proiect este terminat 207.Un milimetru e a mia parte dintr-un metru si a zecea parte dintr-un centimetru 208.Un sfert In engleza americana 0.Am mancat o treime din placinta Two fifths of the project is done . Zero se citeste in engleza ca zero sau O (litera o) I ate one third of the pie .3 se citeste O point three.Doua treimi Fractiile in engleza se exprima cu numerale cardinale si ordinale Numaratorul e numeral cardinal Numitorul e ordinal Half .A suta parte Se foloseste un numeral ordinal dar cu articolul nehotarat a A milimeter is a thousandth of a meter and a tenth of a centimter . Two thirds .

E zece fara un sfert 210.a manca To sleep .E zece si un sfert It is a quarter to ten .si sunt o categorie aparte de verbe Un exemplu cand se folosesc verbele modale este urmatorul: May I come? . De asemenea verbele se impart in regulate si neregulate.Cati ani ai? 24 I am 24 sau I am 24 years old 6.E ora zece It is half past ten. Exceptii can. . may.E zece jumatate It is a quarter past ten . exemple: To eat .Trebuie sa vin? 213.VERBUL 211.a vorbi To drink .It is noon .a gandi To read . shall. How old are you? .a dormi To think .Am voie sa vin? Must I come? .a bea 212.E 12 noaptea 10 sau It is 10 o'clock sau It is 10 . must.a citi To talk .E 12 ziua It is midnight . ought to care nu primesc particula to Ele se numesc verbe modale. si ele trebuie . Verbele neregulate isi schimba radacina la anumite timpuri. will. Infinitivele verbelor se formeaza cu particula to.

To do . Verbe auxiliare To be .Eu sunt You are . apoi radacina pt past tense si apoi radacina pt toate timpurile numite perfecte.a fi To have .a face Aceste verbe pe langa sensurile de mai sus construiesc timpuri compuse (asa cum a avea in romana formeaza de exemplu am alergat care nu inseamna ca: eu posed un alergat. Exemplu: to be .a fi I am .Voi aveti They have . Prima este verbul la infinitiv.Voi sunteti They are .Noi avem You have .El are She has . To be . cum ai zice am mere.Ei au 217.Ea este We are . To have .Ea are We have .a avea To do .been 214.Eu am You have .was . adica am isi pierde sensul cunoscut) 215.a face .Ei sunt 216.Tu ai He has .Noi suntem You are .Tu esti He is .El este She is .a avea I have .invatate in trei variante.

Poate fi un raspuns la intrebarea Cu ce te ocupi? I work on a project. 221. adica va avea un final se zice I am working Acest timp se numeste Present Continuous Dupa cum vom vedea nu orice verb accepta acest timp I am eating now .Noi facem You do .Mananc acum. I am working Daca actiunea a inceput si e in desfasurare fara sa fie insa ceva intrat in rutina.Lucrez la un proiect.Tu faci He does . poate l-ai intrerupt tu? 219.Eu fac You do . I work .I do .Mananc la aceasta ora in fiecare zi.Voi faceti They do . Verbele nu au in engleza timpuri corespunzatoare celor din limba romana. Ce inseamna? Ca lucreaza in fiecare zi un timp la acel proiect? Ca lucreaza acum dar a facut o pauza. De aceea daca acum lucrezi. I eat at this time everyday . dar care nu e munca mea obisnuita. fie ca am un proiect mare la care lucrez de mai mult timp. In engleza trebuie precizat daca o actiune e in desfasurare la un anumit moment prezent trecut. everyday .Lucrez la un proiect zi de zi Poate fi o afirmatie. 220. De exemplu daca cineva iti spune: Lucrez la un proiect. Acest timp se numeste Present Tense. Insa si acest mod de exprimare lasa loc pentru confuzie I am working on a project inseamna fie ca lucrez la un proiect in clipa asta.Eu lucrez. viitor sau daca exista fara sa fie in desfasurare.Ea face We do . e bine sa se precizeze I am worknig on a project .Ei fac 218.El face She does . I work on a project .

El votbste She talks . Se foloseste prezentul verbul auxiliar to be si se adauga forma de infinitiv scurt (fara to) a verbului de conjugat la care se adauga terminatia ing. La persoana a treia sigular se adauga s To walk .Ei vorbesc 223.(right) now .Eu merg pe jos la scoala si el merge tot pe jos 224. To eat .a manca Present continuous e urmatorul I am eating You are eating He is eating She is eating We are eating You are eating They are eating 225..Impersonal vorbeste We talk .a merge pe jos I walk to school and he walks too . Desi chiar si aceasta exprimare lasa loc pentru neintelegeri.Ea vorbeste It talks .Tu vorbesti He talks .Voi vorbiti They talk .a vorbi Present tense este: I talk . Modul de formare al lui Present Tense pt toate verbele cu exceptia celor auxiliare este urmatorul Se ia forma verbului la infinitivul scurt (fara to) care se pune la toate persoanele.Eu vorbesc You talk .. To talk . .. Modul de formare al lui Present Continuous pentru toate verbele care primesc acest timp. 222.Noi vorbim You talk .chiar acum.

You're They are . to know.You're He is . dar se spune I am seeing somebody . Sunt si verbe care in mod normal nu admit forma continua dar in anumite cazuri admit . people are reading in here! .a vedea I see an elephant si nu I am seeing an elephant.They're I'm a lion tamer .We're You are .El vorbeste la telefon 226.Ei canta cantecul meu favorit 227. Ele sunt verbe care nu sunt verbe de actiune. De exemplu: to be. 228. Verbele care nu au forma continua se numesc verbe statice. to see . to hate.I'm Verbul to be la prezent se foloseste foarte mult (inclusiv ca auxiliar) intr-o forma contractata I am .Sunt roman(ca) dar si I'm playing the piano . to love.Shh.He's We are . To have . to belong. I am .Cant la pian They're singing my favorite song .Shh.a avea ca verb posesiv nu admite forma continua . to understand.I'm You are . De exemplu nu se poate zice ca inteleg ceva acum dar stiu ca peste un timp n- am sa mai inteleg acel lucru.Sunt imblanzitor de lei I'm Romanian . citesc oameni aici! He is talking on the phone .Ma vad cu cineva I am seeing a doctor .Ma duc la un tratament mai lung la doctor 229. to like.

Dar in sensul de a crede nu are I am thinking about you. Vorbitorii nativi de limba engleza cateodata fac jocuri de cuvinte in care regulile gramaticale pot fi incalcate. Un exemplu Verbul to love nu accepta present continuous (dar reclama lui McDonalds: I'm loving it! ar dovedi contrariul) Reclama vrea sa zica probabil ca I am loving it chiar acum. daca vor sa fie siguri ca nu gresesc sau ca ceilalti nu le vad inventiile lingvistice doar ca pe niste greseli. a crede (mai rar) To think cu sensul de a gandi are forma continua. to think . . 230.Ma gandesc la tine I think you are wrong.Cateodata vorbesc cu varul meu (verisoara mea) la telefon I see my sister everyday . 232.a gandi.I am having a car nu e corect dar I am having lunch este. Atunci cand actiunea e in derulare pe termen nelimitat (chiar daca pe termen nelimitat ea nu se intampla niciodata vezi mai jos) I sometimes. in fiecare minut al vietii mele (de preferinta cu un hamburger in mana) 233. Aceste abateri insa nu pot fi create decat de nativi. Present Tense se foloseste: 1. talk to my cousin on the phone . To hear .Aud un clopot dar You're hearing things sau You're imagining things. .O vad oe sora mea zilnic . ceilalti oameni trebuie sa respecte regulile de gramatica.a auzi to imagine . I hear a bell.a-si imagina nu au forma continua.Cred ca nu ai dreptate. Inseamna ca auzi sau iti imaginezi lucruri care nu sunt adevarate 231. .

I only see my cousin on weekends . I am reading Gone with the wind . before (inainte).Noi respiram oxigen At night. Present Continuous se foloseste: 2. Dupa: after (dupa).Citesc Pe aripile vantului They are watching TV.Noaptea cainii latra la luna 235. .Ei se uita la televizor 238.Am sa-i spun de indata ce o vad 237. I will tell her as soon as I see her.Verbul descrie o actiune generala dar simultana cu alta actiune: .Plec intr-o ora 236. while (in timp ce) daca reprezinta o actiune viitoare Aceata regula e valabila si cu Timpul Prezent din romaneste When I grow up. Atunci cand ni se prezinta un adevar absolut The sun heats the earth . as soon as (deindata ce). .Cand reprezinta o actiune care se desfasoara in prezent si care are o perioada limitata de desfasurare.Trenul soseste la 9 I leave in an hour .Soarele incalzeste pamantul We breathe oxygen . Present Tense se foloseste: 2.Il vad pe varul meu numai in weekend I never see my uncle . . Ca viitor The train arrives at nine .Cand ma fac mare voi fi bogat si celebru. when (cand). I'll be rich and famous. Present Tense se foloseste: 4. dogs bark at the moon .Nu-l vad niciodata pe unchiul meu 234. Present Tense se foloseste: 3. Present Continuous se foloseste: 1.

Ei.El a vorbit She talked .Tu ai mancat He ate .Ea a vorbit We talked .Ei.Ei au dansat toata noaptea 241. . Ele au mancat 242. Ele au vorbit 240.I always get to the bus station when the bus is leaving. Modul de formare al lui Past Tense Pentru toate verbele regulate este prin adaugarea terminatiei ed infinitivului scurt (fara to) al verbului. Past Tense pentru verbele neregulate se formeaza in modul urmator: Se ia din lista a doua forma a verbului si se foloseste la toate peroanele: De exemplu pentru to eat .a fi are forma la Past Tense was Totusi acest verb este singurul care nu respecta regula.a manca forma a doua e ate.Noi am vorbit You talked .Ea a mancat We ate .a privi I watched the storm approach . Conjugarea o vedeti mai jos. I ate .a dansa They danced all night .Am privit furtuna apropiindu-se to dance .El a mancat She ate .Voi ati mancat They ate .Voi ati vorbit They talked .Tu ai vorbit He talked . .Eu am vorbit You talked . Past Tense al verbului to talk . Verbul to be .a vorbi e: I talked .Eu am mancat You ate .Totdeauna ajung in statie cand pleaca autobuzul 239.Noi am mancat You ate . to watch .

Past Tense reprezinta o actiune care s-a desfasurat in trecut si s-a terminat.El a avut She had . Ele au fost 243. Verbul to do . pana cand el mi-a deschis.Ieri am mers mult pe jos.Eu am avut You had .Tu ai avut He had . Am sunat .a avea are forma la Past Tense had: I had .Noi am facut You did . Am sunat dar nu mai sun.Ea a fost We were .Tu ai fost He was .I was .Noi am avut You had . Ele au facut 245.Eu am fost You were . .Ea a avut We had .Voi ati facut They did .El a facut She did .Ei. el a raspuns si mi-a deschis. I rang the doorbell until he answered.Ea a facut We did . 246.El a fost She was .Am sunat.Eu am facut You did .Ei. Past Tense E timpul folosit in povestiri Apelati la el daca actiunea e la trecut si aveti indoieli ce timp sa folositi.Ei.Tu ai facut He did . I walked a lot yesterday .Voi ati avut They had .Voi ati fost They were .a face are forma la Past Tense did: I did .Noi am fost You were . Ele au avut 244. Verbul to have .

I have . Se foloseste prezentul verbului auxiliar to have si se adauga forma de infinitiv scurt (fara to) a verbului de conjugat la care se adauga terminatia ed. Verbul to have a avea e de multe ori deasemeni contractat ca si verbul to be.Eu am vorbit You have talked . Ele au vorbit 248. Spre deosebire de acest verb insa care poate fi contractat si ca verb de sine statator.a vorbi e: I have talked .You've He has .Jack and Jill went up the hill To fetch a pail of water Jack fell down and broke his crown And Jill came tumbling after Jack si cu Jill au urcat pe deal Sa aduca o galeata de apa Jack a cazut si si-a spart capul Iar Jill a venit rostogolindu-se in urma lui 247.They've . I have finished the paper for my History class .Am un caine. Present Perfect al verbului to talk .We've You have .Am terminat lucrarea. to have se contracta aproape numai in cazurile cand e verb auxiliar I have a dog .El a vorbit She has talked .Voi ati vorbit They have talked . You have won the race 249. Modul de formare al lui Present Perfect pentru toate verbele regulate.Noi am vorbit You have talked .Tu ai vorbit He has talked .Ea a vorbit We have talked .You've They have .I've You have .He's We have .Ei. nu se contracta.

I have painted the house blue .Ei.Ea totdeauna ea m-a ajutat .Noi am mancat You've eaten .Am vopsit casa in albastru I have graduated from university last year .Nu multumesc am mancat 252.Daca verbul e insotit de un adverb often (mereu).Voi ati mancat They've eaten . thank you. No. I have eaten .a manca forma a treia e eaten. Present Perfect se foloseste: 3. I have never been to Oslo .Eu am mancat You've eaten . Present Perfect se foloseste: 1. sometimes (cateodata).Tu ai mancat He's eaten .El a mancat She's eaten .. Aceste consecinte nu sunt neaparat exprimate De exemplu: Am mancat (deci nu mi-e foame). Cand exprimam o actiune inceputa anterior momentului prezent si care are consecinte in prezent.Nu am fost niciodata la Oslo - She has always helped me. Present Perfect se foloseste: 2. I've eaten . Ele au mancat 251.Daca actiunea din trecut e inca in desfasurare sau daca efectul ei se vede in prezent.Ea a mancat We've eaten .250. 253. Present Perfect pentru verbele neregulate se formeaza in modul urmator: Se ia din lista a treia forma a verbului si se foloseste la toate peroanele: De exemplu pentru to eat . never (niciodata) etc. In aceste cazuri adverbul se pune de regula intre auxiliar si verbul respectiv.Am absolvit facultatea anul trecut.

Adverb in afara locului sau: Never have I seen you looking so lovely . Past Continuous se refera la: Un eveniment in derulare la un moment in trecut care se petrece simultan cu un .El dormea cand a inceput cutremurul 257. Americanii folosesc mult Past Tense in locul lui Present Perfec 2. 255. Modul de formare al lui Past Continuous Pentru toate verbele si regulate si neregulate timpul se formeaza prin conjugarea la past tense a verbului auxiliar to be si adaugarea terminatiei ing infinitivului scurt (fara to) al verbului.Ea vorbea We were talking . Observati ca in acest caz. Si pentru Present Perfect exista multe exceptii: 1.Noi vorbeam You were talking . 1. In mod frecvent adverbul nu va fi intre auxiliar si verb.Ei. I was writing him a letter when he knocked on my door .254.Voi vorbeati They were talking . se inverseaza I cu have.El vorbea She was talking . cand adverbul e in afara.Niciodata nu te-am vazut aratand mai incantatoare.Eu vorbeam You were talking . Past Continuous al verbului to talk .Ii scriam o scrisoare cand mi-a batut la usa He was sleeping when the earthquake started . Ele vorbeau 256..Tu vorbeai He was talking .a vorbi e: I was talking .apare de exemplu in cantecul Lady in Red. Past Tense in loc de Present Perfect: I never saw a purple cow I never hope to see one But I can tell you anyhow I'd rather see than be one Nu am vazut niciodata o vaca mov Sper nici sa nu vad vreodata Dar pot sa va spun cu siguranta Ca prefer sa vad decat sa fiu 2.

Ea vorbiseram We had talked .Ei. (forma a treia pentru verbe neregulate) I had heard of him even as a child . Past Perfect al verbului to talk .Eu mancasem You had eaten . I was eating when the lights went off -Mancam cand s-a intrerupt lumina.El vorbise She had talked .Atunci cand verbul exprima o actiune in trecut care a fost intrerupta de altceva. La Past Perfect verbul reprezinta o actiune inceputa.Noi mancaseram You had eaten .alt eveniment.Tu vorbisesi He had talked . Ele nancasera 261. Ele vorbisera 259.Noi vorbiserati You had talked . anterioara unui moment trecut sau anterioara unei actiuni trecute.Ea mancase We had eaten . 258. .El mancase She had eaten .Voi mancaserati They had eaten .Auzisem de el chiar si cand eram copil 260.Ei. Past Perfect pentru verbele neregulate se formeaza in modul urmator Se ia din lista a treia forma a verbului si se foloseste la toate peroanele. I had eaten .a vorbi e: I had talked .Tu mancasesi He had eaten . Modul de formare al lui Past Perfect Se foloseste Past Tense al verbului auxiliar to have si se adauga forma de infinitiv scurt (fara to) a verbului de conjugat la care se adauga terminatia ed.Eu vorbisem You had talked .Voi vorbeati They had talked . De multe ori acest timp e echivalent cu imperfectul din limba romana (mancam) .

Invatasem sa cant la pian inainte sa incep lectiile de vioara. . . 263.I had learned to play the piano before I started violin lessons. Pe langa auxiliarul de departe cel mai folosit de la to be. . Modul de formare al lui Future Tense Se foloseste forma will provenita de la verbul auxiliar to br si se adauga forma de infinitiv scurt (fara to) a verbului de conjugat.Voi veti vorbi They will talk .Eu voi vorbi You will talk . Future Tense (Viitorul) verbului to talk . Future Tense reprezinta o actiune viitoare nelimitata in timp. 262.Astazi. in engleza americana se foloseste foarte rar. anume will Exista si shall care atunci cand e folosit deobicei implica o promisiune a infaptuirii actiunii respective.Voi spune adevarul. he said.Ea va vorbi We will talk .Ei.Tu vei vorbi He will talk .Voi fi inginer I will have a big house .Noi vom vorbi You will talk .Voi face ce am promis 266.Petrecerea va fi grozava! 265.Voi avea o casa mare I will do what I promised . . ma duc cu autobuzul The party will be great! . I had eaten the desert that is why I did not want the soup .El va vorbi She will talk . I will be an engineer. I will tell the truth. . Ele vor vorbi 264.Eu mancasem desertul de aceea nu am mai vrut supa.a vorbi este: I will talk . a spus el Today. De multe ori Past Perfect e echivalent cu mai mult ca perfectul din limba romana (invatasem). Anume atunci cand verbul este o actiune ce s-a terminat in trecut fata de momentul/actiunea tot trecuta la care se raporteaza. I will go by bus.

eu voi corecta lucrari . Future Continuousal verbului to talk . . O alta forma a timpului viitor in engleza americana se formeaza cu am going to.a vorbi e: I will be talking You will be talking He will be talking She will be talking We will be talking You will be talking They will be talking 269. Modul de formare al lui Future Continuous pentru toate verbele regulate si neregulate este de folosire a lui will be urmat de infinitivul scurt al verbului la care se adauga terminatia ing She'll be coming round the mountain when she comes . I shall learn to ride a bike.I will eat You are going to eat He is going to eat She is going to eat We are going to eat Yo are going to eat They are going to eat 268.Imi voi tine promisiunea.Ea va veni in jurul muntelui atunci cand va veni. at 10. . 270.Diseara. I am going to eat . Future Continuous se foloseste atunci cand verbul reprezinta o actiune in derulare la un moment dat in viitor Tonight.I shall keep my promise. voi invata sa merg pe bicicleta 267. la 10. I will be grading papers.

Pana vine mustarul. eat .Ea va fi mancat We wil have eaten . din romaneste.Tu vei fi mancat He wil have eaten . . Future Perfect al verbului to talk . Present Perfect Continuous al verbului to talk . They will have gathered the harvest by the time autumn comes . Este echivalentul lui voi fi facut. the kids will have eaten the stake.El va fi vorbit She will have talked .Tu vei fi vorbit He will have talked .ate .eaten unde eat = a manca I wil have eaten . copiii vor fi mancat friptura 275.271. 273.Ei.Voi veti fi vorbit They will have talked .Noi vom fi vorbit You will have talked .Noi vom fi mancat You wil have eaten .El va fi mancat She wil have eaten . Ele vor fi mancat 274. Ele vor fi vorbit 272. Future Perfect exprima o actiune din viitor care se va petrece inaintea altei actiuni din viitor. Modul de formare al lui Future Perfect Se foloseste will have si se adauga forma de infinitiv scurt a verbului de conjugat la care se adauga terminatia ed.Eu voi fi mancat You wil have eaten .Ei vor fi strans recolta pana la venirea toamnei.Eu voi fi vorbit You will have talked .Ei.Voi veti fi mancat They wil have eaten .a vorbi e: I will have talked . By the time the mustard comes. Future Perfect pentru verbele neregulate Se formeaza in modul urmator Se ia din lista a treia forma a verbului si se foloseste la toate peroanele in locul infinitivului scurt.a vorbi e: .Ea va fi vorbit We will have talked .

.I have been talking You have been talking He has been talking She has been talking We have been talking You have been talking They have been talking 276. Trecutul Perfect Continuu al verbului to talk . Modul de formare al lui Present Perfect Continuous pentru toate verbele regulate:si neregulate: Se foloseste verbul auxiliar to have care se conjuga la present la fiecare persoana. Prezentul Perfect Continuu se foloseste atunci cand verbul reprezinta o actiune care s-a desfasurat pana acum.m . Se adauga la toate persoanele been care este forma a treia a verbului auxiliar to be Se adauga infinitivul scurt al verbului folosit la care se adauga terminatia ing I have been waiting by the phone since 10 a. 277.Am asteptat langa telefon de la 10 dimineata.Am muncit la calea ferata cat e ziua de lunga 278. si va continua probabil si in viitor I've been working on the railroad all live long day . Modul de formare al lui Past Perfect Continuous pentru toate verbele regulate:si neregulate: Se foloseste verbul auxiliar to have care se conjuga la Past Tense la fiecare persoana.a vorbi este: I had been talking You had been talking He had been talking She had been talking We had been talking You had been talking They had been talking 279.

283. before you told him it contained peanuts .Ea va fi vorbit We will have been talking . Past Perfect Continuous reprezinta o actiune in curs pana la un moment dat trecut cand a fost oprita de o alta actiune a carui urmari continua si azi. Modul de formare al lui Future Perfect Continuous pentru toate verbele regulate:si neregulate: Se foloseste forma will care provine de la verbul auxiliar to be Se foloseste infinitivul scurt have a verbului auxiliar to have Se adauga la toate persoanele been care este forma a treia a verbului auxiliar to be Se adauga infinitivul scurt al verbului folosit la care se adauga terminatia ing It will have been raining for three weeks straight this Monday .Se adauga la toate persoanele been care este forma a treia a verbului auxiliar to be Se adauga infinitivul scurt al verbului folosit la care se adauga terminatia ing I had been washing my car when it started raining .Va fi plouat fara intrerupere de trei saptamani lunea asta.Eu voi fi vorbit You will have been talking .Manca din ciocolata inainte sa-i spui ca ea contine alune americane.a vorbi e: I will have been talking . .Voi veti fi vorbit They will have been talking .El va fi vorbit She will have been talking .Tu vei fi vorbit He will have been talking . Ele vor fi vorbit 282. Future Perfect Continuous reprezinta o actiune desfasurata in viitor care se intinde pe o perioada lunga de timp in trecut si implica o actiune in derulare. He had been eating from the chocolate. 281.Imi spalam masina cand a inceput ploaia 280.Noi vom fi vorbit You will have been talking .Ei. Future Perfect Continuous al verbului to talk .

a parea She is funny .adjectiv (nume predicativ) 285. Aceste verbe sa numesc Linking Verbs (verbe de legatura).At 4 o'clock that marathon runner will have been running for over five hours. (sunt actrita e predicat nominal)  sunt .a deveni  to seem . .Eu sunt actrita.verb  fericit .Vecinul meu pare fericit (pare fericit e predicat nominal)  pare . I am an actress . In engleza urmatoarele verbe sunt totdeauna verbe de legatura si trebuie urmate de un nume predicativ:  to be .a fi  to become . Exista un numar de verbe care nu exprima o actiune.Parea o idee buna .verb  actrita . Ele trebuie stiute pentru ca sunt insotite totdeauna de un substantiv sau adjectiv. acel alergator de maraton va fi alergat de 5 ore. but he refuses to give up. dar el refuza sa se dea batut 284.substantiv (nume predicativ) My neighbor seems happy .Papagalii perus devin usor speriati It seemed like a good idea . Ele formeaza predicatul nominal.La ora 4. Substantivul sau adjectivul care insoteste verbul se numeste nume predicativ.Ea este nostima Budgies become frightened easily .

a privi. to grow .286.a mirosi. a deveni 287. Daca celelalte verbe prezentate: to feel .a gusta  to turn .a simti  to grow . a cauta.a dovedi  to remain .a suna  to taste .a ramane  to smell .A aparut la televizor He is looking for his watch . to become.a mirosi  to sound . to taste . To appear. to smell . (a devenit de)16 ani. to prove . to seem Predicate nominale: He appears tired He seems tired Pare obosit He looks familiar He seems familiar Pare cunoscut He turned 16.a ramane.a (se) intoarce.Isi cauta ceasul He turned the car to face the gate .a suna. a parea  to prove . In engleza urmatoarele verbe NU sunt totdeauna verbe de legatura functia lor in propozitie depinde de context:  to appear .a aparea.a . NU sunt predicate nominale He appeared on TV .a dovedi.a creste. .a simti. a parea  to feel .He became 16 (nu se zice) . to look si to turn au valoare de predicat nominal atunci cand au intelesul unuia din verbele care am vazut ca sunt totdeauna predicate nominale: to be.A implinit.A intors masina ca sa fie cu fata spre poarta 288. to sound . to remain .a creste  to look .

El va fi inalt: verb de legatura (predicat nominal) 289. 1. Iata lista acestor adjective:  afraid: I am afraid .Sunt constient de acest lucru  awake: It's ok.Referatul are scadenta maine  ready: I am ready .El doarme  alone: I am alone .Sunt viu  aware: I am aware of that .El va creste inalt . Exista cateva adjective in engleza care nu pot sta decat pe langa un verb de legatura. I am awake . 2.Cresc un copac: verb de actiune He will grow tall . He is ill.Sunt singur  alive: I am alive .Sunt obosita: verb de legatura (predicat nominal) I grow a tree . .Ma bucur ca ai venit  sorry: I am sorry .E bolnav. An ill man .Sunt multumit  due: The paper is due tommorow .Imi pare rau .gusta pot fi considerate sinonime cu verbul to be.E ok.Simt un mare junghi: verb de actiune I feel tired .Nu e corect.Ma simt obosita . I feel a stong pain .Mi-e frica  asleep: He is asleep . nu dorm  content: I am content . Ele nu pot fi folosite pe langa substantive.Sunt gata  unable: I am unable to sing .Nu pot sa cant  glad: I am glad you came . atunci avem de-a face cu un predicat nominal care trebuie urmat de un adjectiv sau de un substantiv.

Present Tense The crates are lifted by me . Diateza Pasiva . subiectul propozitiei efectueaza actiunea.) I am lifted .Eu sunt mancat de un sarpe boa The clothes have been rinsed in the washing machine .Eu ridic lazi.El este ridicat She is lifted .Noi suntem ridicati You are lifted .Sunt sigur 290.Tu esti ridicat He is lifted .Ea este ridicata We are lifted .Hainele au fost clatite in masina de spalat 292.Lazile sunt ridicate de mine (La Diateza Activa ar fi fost: I lift crates .Voi sunteti ridicati They are lifted . Ele sunt ridicati/ridicate 293.Eu mananc un sarpe boa 291. well: He is well .) . Toate timpurile invatate se refera la Diateza Activa. In Diateza Pasiva actiunea se face asupra subiectului.Ei.El e bolnav  sure: I am sure .Eu sunt ridicat You are lifted . I am eating a boa constrictor .Present Continuous The creates are being lifted by me (La Diateza Activa ar fi fost: I am lifting crates. nu de catre subiect I am being eaten by a boa constrictor. Diateza Pasiva . .El e bine  ill: He is ill .

Tu ai fost ridicat He has been lifted .El a fost ridicat She has been lifted .Present Perfect The creates have been lifted by me (La Diateza Activa ar fi fost: I have lifted crates.Ei.Lazile au fost ridicate de mine (La Diateza Activa ar fi fost: I lifted crates .) I have been lifted .Past Continuous The crates were being lifted by me .Voi ati fost ridicati They were lifted .Eu am ridicat lazi. Diateza Pasiva .Eu eram ridicat You were being lifted .Noi am fost ridicati You have been lifted .Ea a fost ridicata We were lifted . Diateza Pasiva .Eu am fost ridicat You were lifted .Ei.Voi ati fost ridicati They have been lifted .Tu erai ridicat . Ele au fost ridicati 295.I am being lifted You are being lifted He is being lifted She is being lifted We are being lifted You are being lifted They are being lifted 294.Ea a fost ridicata We have been lifted .Lazile erau ridicate de mine (La Diateza Activa ar fi fost: I was lifting crates .) I was lifted .) I was being lifted . Diateza Pasiva .Past Tense The crates were lifted by me .Tu ai fost ridicat He was lifted . Ele au fost ridicati 296.El a fost ridicat She was lifted .Noi am fost ridicati You were lifted .Eu am fost ridicat You have been lifted .Eu ridicam lazi.

Tu vei fi ridicat He will be lifted . Nu se foloseste .Future Continuous The creates will be being lifted by me.Eu ridicasem lazi.El fusesese ridicat She had been lifted .Noi eram ridicati You were being lifted .) Acest timp e prea complicat.Eu voi fi ridicat You will be lifted .) I will be lifted .Ei. Diateza Pasiva .Eu voi ridica lazi.Past Perfect The crates had been lifted by me .Eu fusesem ridicat You had been lifted .Lazile fusesera ridicate de mine (La Diateza Activa ar fi fost: I had lifted crates .El va fi ridicat She will be lifted .Future Tense The creates will be lifted by me . (La Diateza Activa ar fi fost: I will be lifting crates.Ea era ridicata We were being lifted . Ele erau ridicati 297. Ele vor fi ridicati 299.Ea fusesese ridicata We had been lifted .Ea va fi ridicata We will be lifted .Voi erati ridicati They were being lifted .El era ridicat She was being lifted .Noi vom fi ridicati You will be lifted . Diateza Pasiva .Noi fuseseram ridicati You had been lifted .Ei.Ei. (La Diateza Activa ar fi fost: I will lift crates .He was being lifted .) I had been lifted . Diateza Pasiva .Tu fusesesi ridicat He had been lifted .Lazile vor fi ridicate de mine. Ele fusesera ridicati 298.Voi fuseserati ridicati They had been lifted .Voi veti fi ridicati They will be lifted .

Perfect Continuous Tenses La Diateza Activa ar fi fost: I have been lifting crates sau I had been lifting crates sau I will have been lifting crates Aceste timpuri devin foarte complicate la diateza pasiva. asa ca nu se folosesc. Modul conditional exista si in engleza si in romana: I would fly if I had wings.Noi am zbura You would fly . Ele ar zbura .Ea va fi fost ridicata We will have been lifted . 302.300.Ei. Ele vor fi fost ridicati 301. Conditionalul Prezent ramane neschimbat la toate persoanele: I would fly . Diateza Pasiva . .Future Perfect The creates will have been lifted by me .Noi vom fi fost ridicati You will have been lifted .Lazile vor fi fost ridicate de mine.Tu vei fi fost ridicat He will have been lifted . As zbura (I would fly) e conditionalul prezent As fi zburat .Eu voi fi ridicat lazi. Diateza Pasiva .As zbura daca as avea aripi. (La Diateza Activa ar fi fost: I will have lifted crates .Ea ar zbura We would fly .Ei.El va fi fost ridicat She will have been lifted .Voi veti fi fost ridicati They will have been lifted .Eu voi fi fost ridicat You will have been lifted .Voi ati zbura They would fly .) I will have been lifted .Tu ai zbura He would fly .Eu as zbura You would fly .El ar zbura She would fly .I would have flown e conditionalul trecut 303.

307. you.Pentru ca e aici.would be flying.Daca ar fi aici. as we speak . They are flying a kite . They would be flying a kite if there was wind . v-ar raspunde la intrebari chiar acum (in timpul acesta in care va vorbesc). she etc) I would be asked by my teacher . Conditionalul prezent continuu I.304. 306.Stiu ca ai vrea sa ne suni.I should inseamna ar trebui I would inseamna as vrea Tom: I shall win the race! .As fi intrebat de profesoara.. dar s-ar putea sa nu aiba telefoane. 305. he would be answering your questions. but they might not have phones . he.Ei inalta un zmeu prezent continuu.Am sa va sun! Bill I know you would (like to call us).Ar trebui (ar fi cazul) Tom: I will call you!. el raspunde chiar acum la intrebari . Conditionalul prezent continuu inlocuieste conditionalul prezent in aceleasi cazuri in care prezentul continuu inlocuieste prezentul. I shall do this are la conditional echivalentul I should do this iar I will do this are la conditional echivalentul I would do this would si should nu inseamna acelasi lucru: shall implica o promisiune .Voi castiga cursa! Bill: You should!.. iar la prezent: Because he is here he is answeing questions.Ei ar inalta un zmeu daca ar fi vant conditionalul la prezent continuu. right now . La diateza pasiva ca si la diateza activa conditionalul nu se schimba in functie de persoana (you. If he were here.

Conditionalul Prezent Continuu nu are forma pasiva.308. he. Conjugarea Conditionalului trecut e neschimbata la toate persoanele In cazul verbelor neregulate se foloseste forma a treia. Diateza pasiva . Conditionalul Trecut e de forma: I would have asked . Conjugare: to ask (regulat). to eat (neregulat) I would have asked/eaten You would have asked/eaten He would have asked/eaten She would have asked/eaten We would have asked/eaten You would have asked/eaten They would have asked/eaten 312. 310.Conditionalul Trecut Ca si pana acum nici aceasta forma nu se schimba in functie de persoana (You. Si Conditionalul Prezent Continuu ca si conditionalul prezent ramane neschimbat la toate persoanele. she etc) . I would be flying You would be flying He would be flying She would be flying We would be flying You would be flying They would be flying 309.Ar fi trebuit sa intreb 311.Eu as fi intrebat sau I should have asked .

would have been flying. 317.If A. B B daca A . Conditionalul Trecut Continuu nu are forma pasiva. . Aceste propozitii care contin o conditie se numesc conditionale. Aceste propozitii au forma: Daca A atunci B . Conditionalul trecut continuu I.Ar fi facut puscarie daca nu s-ar fi schimbat legea.As fi fost intrebat de profesoara mea. They would have been flying a kite if there had been wind .Ei ar fi inaltat un zmeu daca ar fi avut vant . 315.Ei inaltau un zmeu .B if A.I would have been asked by my teacher .trecut continuu. They were flying a kite .. B .If A then B Daca A. Propozitiile care contin conditionale contin deasemeni de multe ori prin natura lor conjunctia daca (if). Conditionalul trecut continuu inlocuieste conditionalul trecut in aceleasi cazuri in care trecutul continuu inlocuieste trecutul. 313. you.conditionalul la trecut continuu. 314. Conditionalul trecut continuu ramane neschimbat la toate persoanele I would have been flying You would have been flying He would have been flying She would have been flying We would have been flying You would have been flying They would have been flying 316.. He would have been doing jail time if the law hadn't changed .

Regula nr1 Daca B e la viitor dupa if.Voi invata multe daca ma duc la scoala).Daca ma lasi sa intru. adica in propozitia A se pune past perfect .Regula nr2 Verbul to be la toate persoanele devine were<br?< p="">If I were happy I would clap my hands . ele au anumite reguli pentru timpurile verbelor din cadrul lor. If Clauses . if I met her . I will learn a lot sau I will learn a lot if I go to school .Daca ma duc la scoala atunci voi invata multe sau If I go to school.Regula nr3 Daca B contine connditionalul trecut. Ele se numesc If Clauses If I go to school then I will learn a lot . 318. If Clauses . daca as intalni-o 320.Regula nr2 Daca B contine connditionalul prezent dupa if. i-as spune I would tell her.I-as spune. adica in propozitia A se pune past tense If I met her I would tell her . iti dau un pachet sau I will give you a package if you let me in . daca ma lasi sa intru 319. dupa if.Iti dau un pachet. Exceptie .Daca as fi fericit as bate din palme </br?<> 321. If Clauses . I will give you a package .Daca as intalni-o.In engleza. adica in propozitia A se pune prezentul If you let me in.

atunci . Subjonctivul prezent in engleza pune la toate persoanele verbul la infinitiv.If I had gone by ship I would have been shipwrecked too . .if. Deci nu este un if clause. acest lucru nu s-ar fi intamplat. chiar daca nu exista in fraza. In engleza: Subjonctivul prezent cere that in propozitia secundara.Nu stiu daca el va veni Aceasta propozitie nu este echivalenta cu: Daca el va veni atunci nu stiu. It is required that he pass the exam .Se cere ca el sa ia examenul si It was required that he pass the exam . Asa cum am vazut then poate sa lipseasca din propozitie dar existenta lui then trebuie sa se subinteleaga. I don't know if he will come .then. 324.. 322. Zicem insa: . nu are then si acesta nu se subintelege 323.. Modul subjonctiv (sau conjunctiv) exista si in engleza si in romana: In engleza moderna modul subjonctiv nu este folosit mult. Pentru aceste reguli valabile pentru IF clauses trebuie sa verificam ca fraza contine un if clause adica contine daca..Daca ma duceam cu vaporul as fi fost si eu naufragiat. acest lucru nu s-ar intampla . Regulile se aplica numai atunci cand daca introduce o propozitie conditionala. Exemple de subjonctiv in romana: Sa fiu eu acolo.Had I been there this would not have happened Sa fiu este subjonctivul prezent al lui a fi..Se cerea ca el sa ia examenul desi prezentul este: he passes the exam 325.If I were there this would not happen Sa fi fost eu acolo. Sa fi fost este subjonctivul trecut al lui a fi.

As vrea sa fiu milionar. insa el exprima prezentul.Everyone knows that he passes exams .As vrea sa fii aici I wish he were here . El foloseste fie if . Folosirea acestui subjonctiv urmeaza regula nr2 din if clause If I owned a car.Sa am o masina as pleca maine.Daca as fi cantaret as canta toata ziua. (Daca dorim sa pastram subjonctivul in romana) pe romaneste insa se zice mai mult Daca as avea o masina as pleca maine.a dori in principala I wish you were here . I would like that you come at 6 o'clock.daca fie to wish.Toata lumea stie ca el ia examenele Deci he passes si nu he pass deoarece dupa cum vom vedea aceasta propozitie in engleza (sau romana) nu cere subjonctivul.As vrea sa fie aici I wish I was a millionaire .As vrea sa fie aici dar se spune si I wish he was here . Un alt caz pentru subjonctivul trecut este atunci cand se foloseste verbul to wish .) 327. 328.. in ziua de azi insa veti auzi de multe ori: If I was a singer . Subjonctivul trecut nu se deosebeste ca forma de past tense in majoritatea cazurilor.Mi-ar placea ca tu sa vii la ora sase. Mult mai normal era insa I would like you to come at six o'clock (Mi-ar placea tu a veni la 6. 326. I would leave tommorow. . I want that you come at 6 o'clock . .Vreau ca tu sa vii la 6. Subjonctivul trecut urmeaza si exceptia regulii nr2 din if clause If I were a singer I would sing all day .Daca as fi cantaret 329. Subjonctivul in englezeste exprima dorinte sau cerinte prezente sau trecute.

In englezeste am vazut ca subjonctivul se foloseste atunci cand verbul din principala exprima o dorinta sau o cerere.Had I gone yesteday. ar fi recoltat mai devreme. Insa constructia cu conjunctia that intre propozitii apare in multe alte situatii In aceste situatii regulile pentru subjonctiv nu sunt valabile Subjonctiv I wish (that) he pass the class .Imi doresc ca el sa treaca clasa I wish (that) he were more determined . Subjonctivul viitor se formeza astfel: If I were to pass the exam I would be ecstatic .330. . cumparam bilete la spectacol. I would've bought tickets to the show 331. he would've harvested sooner. Subjonctivul mai mult ca perfect exprima cu adevarat un timp trecut (spre deosebire de subjonctivul trecut care am vazut ca exprima un eveniment prezent). .Sa trec examenul as fi in culmea fericirii. 332. Cand vorbim de acuzativ cu infinitiv verbul din secundara se pune la infinitiv iar pronumele (sau substantivul) la acuzativ. Subjonctivul mai mult ca perfect foloseste mai mult ca perfectul (Past Perfect). Subjonctivul mai mult ca perfect se poate exprima si omitand if si inversand locul pronumelui (subiectului) cu verbul auxiliar had Sa ma fi dus ieri. I would've bought tickets to the show Had Farmer Jones known. . cumparam bilete la spectacol.Cred ca in trecut era lenes 334.Sa fi stiut Fermierul Jones.Mi-as dori sa fie mai hotarat Nu contine subjonctiv I see (that) he studies nowadays . . Sa ma fi dus ieri.If I had gone yesteday. 333.Vad ca el studiaza zilele astea I think (that) in the past he was lazy .

I want you to go there in loc de I want that you go there. to run. to fall.Emily wants Jake to go there Emily wants that we go there . to like) I wish him to speak .Verbe care exprima obligatii: (to make.Emily wants me to go there Emily wants that you go there .Emily wants her to go there Emily wants that Jake go there . Nu orice verb in propozitia principala permite folosirea acuzativului cu infinitivul Urmatoarele verbe sunt doar cateva dintre cele ce NU permit aceasta.Doresc ca el sa vorbeasca I wish to speak.Emily wants them to go there 336.Le-ar place ca eu sa vorbesc despre orasul meu natal 338. Verbe care accepta acuzativul cu infinitivul: 2. to want. I want you to go there = Vreau ca tu sa te duci acolo 335. Verbe care exprima dorinta: (to wish.Acuzativul cu infinitiv de multe ori (dar nu totdeauna) se traduce in romaneste cu ajutorul subjonctivului.Emily wants us to go there Emily wants that you go there . Vedem aceata constructie de verb (wants) + acuzativ (me/you etc) + infinitiv (to go) Emily wants that I go there .Doresc (ca eu) sa vorbesc They would like me to talk about my hometown . to cause.Emily wants you to go there Emily wants that they go there . to induce) .Emily wants him to go there Emily wants that she go there . Verbe care accepta acuzativul cu infinitivul: 1. to talk 337. .Emily wants you to go there Emily wants that he go there . Sa comparam aceste doua forme trecand pronumele al doilea prin toate persoanele.

to say. Aceasta constructie poarta numele de nominativul cu infinitivul I want to run .Vreau sa alerg.. Verbe care accepta acuzativul cu infinitivul: 3.El a inteles-o pe ea sa fie o persoana timida 341. I felt him lose his cool .Verbe care exprima activitatea mintala (to think.L-ai facut sa planga! The crisis caused the stock market to fall (cu to). to see. Verbe care accepta acuzativul cu infinitivul: 3.Profesoara l-a convins pe baietel sa cante 339. I heard him come in. to understand) I think him to be a great writer. to watch) Aceasta categorie de verbe nu are to.Il considera pe el (sa fie) viitorul rege He understood her to be a shy person. to feel.You made him cry! (fara to) . He will notice you sing well . 342. . In anumite situatii in propozitii poate exista un nominativ si un infinitiv intre ele fiind intercalat predicatul propozitiei. .L-am auzit intrand I will see the teams compete.L-am simtit cum isi pierde firea He watched the plane vanish in the clouds . Nominativul unei propozitii este subiectul (un pronume sau un substantiv).Va observa ca tu canti bine. Acesta constructie e posibila pentru anumite verbe aflate la pasiv (to make. to know. to notice.Cred ca el e un mare scriitor.era mai direct They consider him to be the future king . 340..Voi vedea echipele intrecandu-se.El a privit avionul disparand in nori. to believe) .Verbe senzoriale (to hear. to consider.Criza a facut ca bursa sa cada The teacher convinced the little boy to sing (cu to) . I think (that) he is a great writer .

A fost pus sa isi ceara scuze de catre profesoara That farmer is said to have many acres of land .L-am gasit citind .Prietenul tau parea sa aiba multe planuri de viitor The dog appeared to bark on command .Esti cu siguranta in piesa She is likely to succeed. adjectiv sau verb. certain sau likely He is sure to remember the incident .Imi place sa citesc I found him reading .El cu siguranta isi aminteste de incident You are certain to be in the play . Nominativul cu infinitivul se poate folosi pentru verbele to happen.In timpul razboiului el era crezut mort 343. Dupa rolul jucat in propozitie aceasta forma se numeste fie gerunziu fie participiu prezent. They happen to be my cousins .Cititul e pentru toata lumea Adjectiv I am part of a reading club .Ea are sanse sa castige. to prove. . to appear. Substantiv Reading is for everybody . aceasta se foloseste si in alte situatii pe post de substantiv. Pe langa folosirea terminatiei ing la conjugarea continua.Fac parte dintr-un club de citit Verb I enjoy reading ..Cainele parea sa latre la porunca I will prove to be worthy of your trust . Nominativul cu infinitivul se poate folosi pentru verbul to be urmat de sure.Ei sunt verii mei Your friend seemed to have many plans for the future.Fermierul acela se zice ca are multi acri de pamant My grandmother was known to help people.He was made to apologize by the teacher . 344.Voi dovedi ca sunt demn de increderea voastra.. to seem.Bunica mea era cunoscuta ca ajuta oamenii During the war he was believed to be dead. 345. .

ele nu trebuie evitate Do you mind my smoking? devine Do you mind if I smoke? The cleaning solution is toxic.Imi place sa pictez I imagine him studying all day .Barca de pescuit necesita reparatii.Mi-l imaginez invatand toata ziua I saw your parrot flying in my garden .Schiatul e periculos Catching trout is hard. De multe ori aceste propozitii ce contin forma ING se pot reformula.barbatul care doarme devin the singing girl the bouncing bal the sleeping man . Folosirea terminatiei ING pentru formarea adjectivelor The fishing boat needs repairs .Ia-ti lucrurile! Skiing is dangerous .Prinderea de pastravi e grea. . - The tanning salon is closed .The solution used for cleaning is toxic I like painting .the girl that sings the ball that bounces . Folosirea terminatiei ING pentru formarea substantivelor Take your belongings! .Salonul de brozat e inchis The cleaning solution is toxic.L-am vazut pe papagalul tau zburand la mine in gradina 349. daca dorim. 347. Folosirea terminatiei ING pentru formarea verbelor I like painting . .Solutia de curatat e toxica 348. Daca insa suntem siguri de formulare.mingea care sare the man that sleeps . Forma cu ING se poate folosi si in locul expresiilor de forma substantiv care verb care se transforma in adjectiv verb fata care canta . .I like to paint 350.346.

cer care plonjeza sky-diving .prestatie extraordinara jaw-dropping .barbat care mananca man-eating . In multe cazuri subjonctivul romanesc in englezeste se traduce printr-un verb cu forma ing Before eating some people pray. In engleza el are numai rolul de a exprima dorinte. Asa cum am vazut subjonctivul englez e folosit mult mai rar ca in romana. Exista si adjective compuse in care primul cuvant e un substantiv si al doilea un adjectiv format cu ing.care pescuieste barci diving sky . .cascadorie fantastica eye-popping .care zapaceste mintea eye-popping stunt .idee uluitoare mind-boggling . jaw-dropping performance . aceste adjective cu ing pot fi puse dupa substantiv.vupe care vaneaza fox hunting .vanatoare de vulpi fishing boat .care scoate ochii 353.fasole saritoare (o varietate de fasole) 351.care cade falca mind-boggling idea .care mananca barbati (oameni) hunting fox . Impreuna insa ele formeaza un nou adjectiv. Insa sensul expresiei se schimba: eatimg man .Frumoasa adormita Jumping bean . cereri pe cand in romana orice verb are subjonctiv. Spre deosebire de alte adjective. mai cumpara lapte .In loc sa plangi dupa laptele varsat.care plonjeaza din cer 352. .barca de pescuit boat-fishing .Sleeping beauty .Inainte sa manance unii oameni se roaga Instead of crying over spilt milk buy some more milk. Ele se scriu cu cratima.

manage. long. report. appreciate. feel like. promise. wait. contemplate. hesitate. delay. appear. would like 356. threaten. dislike. proceed. Unele nu accepta forma cu ing. avoid.Imi place sa incep lucruri noi I think seeing a movie is the best idea.A hotarat sa vina Cazuri cand se foloseste numai forma cu ing He mentioned seeing the movie . fail. fight.Am incercat sa termin aceasta 355. volunteer. excuse. plan. decide. quit. prepare. hope. resent. learn. Verbe care sunt folosite numai cu forma cu ING: admit. help. ask. mention. reckon. grow. anticipate. arrange. recollect. pledge. demand. seek. Romaneste Vreau sa pictez . celebrate. in continuare. vote. lie. detest. agree. aim. hasten. enjoy. adore. . discuss. endeavour. neglect. struggle. prevent. seem. imagine. desire. swear.They began working . trouble. dare. 354.Am inceput sa il cred I tried to finish/finishing this . miss. recall. describe. venture. prove. finish. Ca si in romana (unde totusi in ziua de azi nu e uzual) subjonctivul (forma cu ing in engleza) poate fi inlocuit cu infinitivul Aceasta formulare in engleza e mult folosita. involve. guarantee. pretend.Vreau sa cant He decided to come . expect. practise. keep. fancy. mind. strive. postpone. risk. claim. happen. offer. consent. consider. escape. tend.Cred ca sa vedem un film e cea mai buna idee. . Unele verbe primesc aceasta inlocuire altele nu. loathe. forgive. wish. endure. care. face. explain. save. Verbe care sunt folosite numai cu infinitivul: afford.Ei au inceput sa lucreze I like starting new things . defer. undertake. resolve. si in schimb accepta infinitivul Totul depinde de predicatul propozitiei. give up. choose. defend. deny. pardon. scorn. decline. attempt. refuse. resist. determine.Vreau a picta Englezeste Cazuri cand se foloseste numai infinitivul I want to sing .A mentionat ca a vazut filmul Cazuri cand se foloseste oricare forma I started to believe/believing him . vow.

cease. Observatii: 1. Daca ziceam: To forgive erring people is divine . care (for/to) 358. Lista de verbe dupa care poate veni un verb si la infinitiv si la forma cu ING: advise. it is worth 357.A uitat sa invete He forgot learning . To err is human. stop. 2. mean. require. be afraid (of/to). bother. Forma cu ING se foloseste dupa anumite prepozitii: . to forgive divine. be ashamed (of/to). need. love. permit. go on.Imi place schiatul 359. begin.Si-a amintit ca a platit She stopped to talk . try. be sorry(for/to). atunci to err trebuia pus la gerunziu fiindca to forgive cerea acest lucru. want. Un verb singur poate fi totdeauna la infinitiv sau la forma cu ING. Azi se zice to make a mistake nu to err 360.Im place sa schiez I like skiing . a ierta e dumnezeieste . regret.A tinut minte sa plateasca He remembered paying . tolerate.A ierta oameni care gresesc e divin. . fear. come. it's no use. prefer. hate.S-a oprit sa vorbeasca She stopped talking . understand can't help. like. continue. there is no point/ sense in. can't bear. to forgive is divine. can't stand.Erring is human forgiving is divine adica A gresi e omeneste.suggest. Proverbul este: To err is human.A uitat ca a invatat He remembered to pay . dread.Sa gresim e omeneste sa iertam e dumnezeieste. Desi aceste verbe permit ambele forme sensul celor doua forme cateodata difera. hear. see. recommend. forbid. attempt. propose. deserve. forget. He forgot to learn . Fiindca sunt doua propozitii ele nu se influenteaza una pe alta. intend. Aceste reguli se refera la verbe care vin dupa alte verbe. remember. start.S-a oprit din vorbit I like to ski . can't resist. allow. can't stand.

La intalnirea cu presedintele el a ramas fara cuvinte Instead of going to the circus.Auzind aceasta. she started to laugh . Lista de prepozitii care cer forma cu ING atunci cand se foloseste un verb dupa ele against.Trecand de aceasta runda.After writing the letter I mailed it.Dupa ce am terminat lucrarea m-am dus la culcare By passing this round I am now qualified for the final . m-am calificat pentru finale.Dupa ce am scris scrisoarea am expediat-o On hearing this. by. Participiul prezent e breaking.El e bun la spus povesti After finishing the paper I went to bed .Hai sa vorbim despre prinderea de rinoceri I am tired of hearing about this. let's go to the zoo.(vezi forma cu ING) Ca si in romana participiul trecut al unei actiuni poate deveni adjectiv care sugereaza o insusire dobandita in trecut. tired of.Jur ca am spus adevarul cu traduceri exacte I remember that I saw him I admit that I told her I swear that I told the truth 363. at. Cateva exemple de propozitii care in romaneste se traduc cu ca. without We are against bombing other countries . .A plecat fara sa zica un cuvant 362. . On meeting the president he was speechless .Imi amintesc ca l-am vazut I admit telling her . Participiul trecut al verbului to break e broken (a treia forma din lista de verbe neregulate). talk about. after.In loc sa mergem la circ hai sa mergem la zoo.M-am saturat sa aud de asta He left without saying a word . . instead of. on. ea a inceput sa rada 361. dar care in engleza folosesc tot forma cu ING: I remember seeing him . Let's talk about catching rhinos ..Suntem impotriva bombardarii altor tari He is good at telling stories .Recunosc ca i-am spus I swear telling the truth .

366.Breaking news .foloseste participiul trecut broken 364. was torn down.foloseste participiul prezent:breaking insa Broken arm .. pentru cei ce nu sunt avansati.comoara ingropata forgotten facts .gheata care se topeste (participiul prezent) sunken treasure .Mana rupta (sparta) .gheata care s-a topit pe cand melting ice .cafea incalzita 365. . ea s-a dus sa se plimbe. Exemple de adjective provenite din participiul trecut melted ice . Having finished the project she went for a walk.Stiri foarte noi (care sparg) . a inceput sa strige. hit by a ball. A building. avariata de cutremur.oua vopsite fattened calf . the student called home.Terminand (Deoarece terminase) proiectul.paine arsa heated cofee .fapte uitate colored eggs . a fost demolata mai englezeste ar fi fost An earthquake damaged building was torn down A man. damaged by the earthquake. Pentru noi ca romani e mai directa si de preferat aceasta constructie. Participiul Perfect reprezinta o actiune terminata care duce la o alta actiune. Having spent all his money.Deoarece isi cheltuise toti banii.vitelul ingrasat burnt bread . studentul a sunat acasa. . lovit de o minge.Un barbat.O cladire. started yelling . Se formeaza din having si participiul trecut al verbului. . Participiul Trecut poate fi folosit si fara sa fie adjectiv.

Andrew is careful.Iesi afara! Politicos! Please be quiet! Please.lasa-ma sa intru! Let me go! .a lasa Pentru orice verb care accepta o asemenea constructie Let'ssau Let us inseamna Hai sa Open the door and let me come in! .te rog ca si in romana de multe ori e nepoliicos Subiectul imperativului e subinteles. mergi! . . Daca nu e insotitt de Please .Da-mi drumul! Let us pray .Deschide usa si lasa-ma sa intru! Let me in! . sugestii.Andrew walks.a fi la imperativ se pastreaza forma de infinitiv. acesta se pune sau la inceputul sau (de preferinta) la sfarsitul propozitiei.Haide! Andrew! Come on! .a 2a) dar Andrew este atent. si se foloseste rar.Hai sa mancam . Imperativul in limba engleza Acest timp se foloseste in comenzi. Cand persoana e specificata prin nume. anume se foloseste persoana a 2a la toate verbele in afara lui to be In cazul verbului to be .Haide.Hai sa ne jucam Let's eat! .Sa ne rugam Let's play! . invitatii. Andrew fii atent! . leave! . .367. instructiuni. Nepoliticos: Shut up! Taci din gura! Get out! . Andrew! .Te rog pleaca! Se zice: Come on! . este cea folosind verbul to let . Andrew 368. (pers.Andrew walk!(pers. Andrew merge. Alta construcitie a imperativului des intalnita.Andrew be careful! Observatie: Be careful! inseamna Fii atent la ce faci. Cazurile de imperativ din engleza sunt asemenea limbii romane.Andrew!Haide! Come on.a 3a) Andrew. Fii atent! la lectie se zice Pay attention! 369.

Negativul verbului to be la past tense se formeaza astfel: .Nu sunteti They are not .Te rog. Negativul verbului to be la present tense se formeaza astfel: I am not . let's! . sit down .El nu e She is not .Te rog liniste! Do.Ia-o pe prima la dreapta.Dormi bine (Somn usor) Brace yourself .Te rog.Distractie placuta Sleep well! .Let's dance! . ia loc! Do.Nu sunt 373.Distractie placuta! Have fun! .Intrati! Do.Nu esti He is not .Rezista! 372. Alte exemple de imperativ: Take the first turn right. Hurry up!.Grabeste-te! Watch out! . hai! 370.Ea nu e We are not . Do.Nu sunt You are not . be quiet . Cateodata se pune Do in fata infinitivului pentru a il face mai politicos.Bine.Vezi cum vorbesti! Have a good time! .Te rog Do cu acest inteles nu se foloseste cu verbe modale Please e mult mai mult folosit decat Do pentru a ne exprima politicos.Pazea! Watch it! . come in! .Imbarbateaza-te! Get a grip .Aduna-te! Hang in there! . mai treci pe la mine! 371. .Hai sa dansam! Ok. come see me!. Cand punem Do nu mai punem Please .Nu suntem You are not .

I am not working now I will not work tommorow . He does not know me .Ea nu era We were not . Negativul unui verb care e la un timp compus (se foloseste numai NOT) Nu lucrez acum .Nu erati They were not . Do not se contracta in don't. I have not been to Australia .Nu erau 374. Negativul unui verb care nu e la un timp compus Acesta se formeaza cu ajutorul verbului auxiliar to do: Nu lucrez noaptea . do se pune la trecut nu verbul.He did not ask me.I do not know where it is Nu m-a intrebat pe mine .Ea nu mai preda We do not do that . 377.Nu fumez She does not teach anymore .I was not . Did not in didn't I do not smoke .Nu am fost in Australia 376.Nu erai He was not .Nu m-am spalat pe maini.Nu l-am vazut acolo.Nu eram You were not .El nu era She was not .Nu voi lucra maine I haven't been working for weeks . Deasemenea do la prezent devine does la persoana a 3a singular I did not wash my hands .Nu facem asta devin I don't smoke She doesn't teach anymore We don't do that .Nu eram You were not . 375.I do not work at night Nu stiu unde e . Atunci cand folosim Past Tense care nu e un timp compus si deci negatia contine do.Nu ma cunoaste We did not see him there .Nu am nai lucrat de saptamani.

Forma negativa si contractia verbului to wash .a spala.You don't wash He does not wash . Present Continuous .He hasn't washed She has not washed .Forma negativa si contractia verbului to wash .a spala.You aren't washing They are not washing .We didn't wash You did not wash .378.I don't wash You do not wash .They didn't wash 381.She's not washing We are not washing . I do not wash .We're not washing You are not washing . I am not washing . Present Tense .You didn't wash He did not wash .a spala.I haven't washed You have not washed .Forma negativa si contractia verbului to wash .a spala. Past Tense .She doesn't wash We do not wash .You didn't wash They did not wash .I'm not washing You are not washing . I did not wash .She didn't wash We did not wash .We don't wash You do not wash .They don't wash 379.We haven't washed .I didn't wash You did not wash .Forma negativa si contractia verbului to wash .He doesn't wash She do not wash .She hasn't washed We have not washed .You haven't washed He has not washed .He didn't wash She did not wash .They aren't washing 380. I have not washed .You're not washing He is not washing . Present Perfect .You don't wash They do not wash .He's not washing She's not washing .

You won't wash He will not wash .You won't be washing . Past Perfect .You won't wash They willnot wash .They won't wash 385.I won't wash You will not wash . Future Tense .I hadn't washed You had not washed .I wasn't washing You were not washing .You weren't washing They were not washing .Forma negativa si contractia verbului to wash .He won't wash She will not wash . Future Continuous .They hadn't washed 384.She won't wash We will not wash .a spala.I won't be washing You will not be washing .He wasn't washing She was not washing .We won't wash You willnot wash .a spala. I will not be washing .We hadn't washed You had not washed .You have not washed .You weren't washing He was not washing .Forma negativa si contractia verbului to wash .She hadn't washed We had not washed .Forma negativa si contractia verbului to wash .You hadn't washed He had not washed .He hadn't washed She had not washed .She wasn't washing We were not washing . I had not washed . I was not washing .Forma negativa si contractia verbului to wash . Past Continuous .a spala.We weren't washing You were not washing . I will not wash .You haven't washed They have not washed .You hadn't washed They had not washed .a spala.They haven't washed 382.They weren't washing 383.

We're not washed You are not washed .We haven't been washing You have not been washing .You won't be washing They will not be washing .He will not be washing .He hasn't been washing She has not been washing . I am not washed .Forma negativa si contractia verbului to wash .She won't be washing We will not be washing .You won't have washed He will not have washed .Forma negativa si contractia verbului to wash . I have not been washing .a spala.I've not been washing You have not been washing . Present Perfect Continuous .We won't have washed You will not have washed .They won't be washing 386.They won't have washed 387.She won't have washed We will not have washed .Present Tense .You haven't been washing They have not been washing .She hasn't been washing We have not have washing .I won't have washed You will not have washed .You're not washed They are not washed .She's not washed We are not washed .You won't have washed They will not have washed .a spala.You haven't been washing He has not been washing .He won't have washed She will not have washed .They're not washed .He won't be washing She will not be washing . I will not have washed .You're not washed He is not washed .I'm not washed You are not washed .We won't be washing You will not be washing .They havn't been washing 388. Future Perfect . Diateza Pasiva .a spala.Forma negativa si contractia verbului to wash .He's not washed She is not washed .

I was not washed .a spala.You weren't washed He was not washed . I am not being washed .Forma negativa si contractia verbului to wash . Diateza Pasiva .She hasn't been washed We have not have washed .Past Tense .We weren't washed You were not washed .We're not being washed You are not being washed .I wasn't washed You were not washed .Past Continuous .He hasn't been washed She has not been washed .We weren't being washed .They were'nt washed 391. I was not being washed .They havn't been washed 392. Diateza Pasiva .I've not been washed You have not been washed .389.I'm not being washed You are not being washed .You weren't washed They were not washed .We haven't been washed You have not been washed .You're not being washed They are not being washed .Forma negativa si contractia verbului to wash .They're not being washed 390.You haven't been washed They have not been washed .You haven't been washed He has not been washed .Forma negativa si contractia verbului to wash .He wasn't washed She was not washed .She wasn't washed We were not washed .I wasn't being washed You were not being washed .He's not being washed She is not being washed .a spala.Forma negativa si contractia verbului to wash . Diateza Pasiva .Present Perfect .Present Continuous .You weren't being washed He was not being washed .She wasn't being washed We were not being washed . Diateza Pasiva . I have not been washed .He wasn't being washed She was not being washed .a spala.You're not being washed He is not being washed .a spala.She's not being washed We are not being washed .

Future Tense . I had not been washed .We won't be washed You will not be washed .They hadn't been washed 394.We hadn't been washed You had not been washed .a spala.You won't be washed He will not be washed .Forma negativa si contractia verbului to wash . Nu se foloseste 396.You hadn't been washed He had not been washed .You hadn't been washed They had not been washed . Diateza Pasiva . Acest timp e prea complicat.Future Perfect .Forma negativa si contractia verbului to wash . Diateza Pasiva .a spala.They were'nt being washed 393. Diateza Pasiva .Future Continuous .He hadn't been washed She had not been washed .She won't have been washed We will not have been washed .Past Perfect .I won't have been washed You will not have been washed .You won't have been washed He will not have been washed . I will not have been washed .He won't be washed She will not be washed .You won't be washed They will not be washed .I won't be washed You will not be washed .You weren't being washed They were not being washed .Forma negativa si contractia verbului to wash .Forma negativa si contractia verbului to wash .You were not being washed .a spala.I hadn't been washed You had not been washed .a spala.They won't be washed 395.She won't be washed We will not be washed .She hadn't been washed We had not have washed . Diateza Pasiva . I will not be washed .We won't have been washed .He won't have been washed She will not have been washed .

Formele de conditional would si should provin de la forma de viitor will asa ca negativul in aceste cazuri se formeaza la fel ca pentru will I would not tell him if I were you.Am dreptate? Were you tired? . Forma interogativa a verbului to be Se formeaza prin inversarea verbului cu subiectul. asa ca nu se folosesc.Esti suedez? Am I right? . 398. Conditionalul . I wouldn't tell him if I were you Nu i-as spune sa fiu in locul tau They should not buy a new car They shouldn't buy a new car Nu e nevoie sa-si cumpere o masina noua 399.Au intarziat ei la serviciu> Are you Swedish? .Perfect Continuous Tenses. Present Perfect Continuous Past Perfect Continuous Future Perfect Continuous Aceste timpuri devin foarte complicate la diateza pasiva.a spala. I am happy .Eu sunt fericit(a) Am I happy? . Diateza Pasiva .You will not have been washed .Sunt eu fericita? Are you a teacher> . ca si in romaneste.You won't have been washed They will not have been washed .a spala.They won't have been washed 397.Ai fost obosit? .Forma negativa si contractia verbului to wash .Forma negativa si contractia verbului to wash .Este el prietenul tau? Are they late for work? .Esti profesor? Is he your friend? .

Nu. nu sunt. sunt No .Esti asa de fericit! Am I? . am I? . nu? You are so happy! .Nu sunt.Nu. Am I? exprima indoiala.Da? You are not in the top ten.Nu esti destept! I'm not. . Dar cele doua au intelesuri diferite. I am not.Esti intre primii zece. in engleza se poate zice Am I? sau chiar I am?. Nu esti fermier?! . I am? . You are not a farmer?! . I am not . I am . . nu? (ironic) 401. I'm not? . Spre deosebire de romana. I am? exprima mirare si bucurie. De exemplu: You are in the top ten. .Da Yes. Tu esti? Da! 402.400. Oh.Zau? You are not smart! . Raspunsul la o intrebare de genul Are you happy? poate fi Yes . Are you? Yes! Esti fermier? .O.No. Interogativul in cazul timpurilor necompuse (Present Tense si Past Tense) Atunci cand propozitia contine alt verb decat to be (si nu contine un verb modal)iar verbul nu e la o forma compusa.Nu No. interogativul se formeaza cu ajutorul verbului auxiliar to do NU se face inversarea verbului cu subiectul ca in cazul lui to be.Nu.Da.Nu esti intre primii zece.No. nu sunt Are you a farmer? .

.Do you work at night? Do you drive? .Te cunosc? Do they all live in a yellow submarine?.Te cunosc They all live in a yellow submarine .Conduci? Do I know you? .Papagalul meu verde zboara bine. . .Vom invinge. I know you .You work at night . La interogatii daca timpul este compus do nu se foloseste dar se schimba ordinea pronumelui cu primul auxiliar.El joaca carti? Does she ride horses? .Ea a jucat carti? Did they ride horses . You had eaten enough.Zbura bine papagalul tau verde? Did you do your homework .Ei locuiesc toti intr-un submarin galben. devin Lucrezi noaptea? . You drive .Cowboyul calareste in lumina lunii.Totdeauna a venit acasa de Craciun.Tu ai jucat carti? Did she play cards? . Aunci cand in intrebari se cere folosirea verbului to do acesta preia persoana si timpul verbului de baza. My green parrot flies well .Au calarit ei cai? Did your geen parrot fly well? .Mancasei destul. We will overcome . .Ti-ai facut temele? 404.El joaca carti She rides horses . You have been jogging lately .Ai facut jogging in ultimul timp. You did your homework . Does he play cards? .Ea calareste? Does your green parrot fly well? . Astfel persoana a treia a verbului pierde litera s si la orice persoana verbul ramane la infinitiv.Ea calareste cai.Ti-ai facut temele.Lucrezi noaptea. The cowboy is riding in the moonlight.Zboara bine papagalul tau verde? Did you play cards? . He plays cards . She has always come home for Christmas.Locuiesc ei toti intr-un submarin galben? 403..Conduci.

Iti place sa mananci grep? You like to eat grapefruit?!? .S-a dus sa vaneze lei? He has gone to hunt lions?.Te uiti la un film in fiecare seara? Does he watch a movie every night? . . dar nu este propriu-zis o intrebare.Ea se uita la un film? Are they watching a movie? . .Eu sunt fericit I watch a movie every night .Tu esti fericit? Is he happy? . Exemplu: Forma interogativa a verbului to be si to watch la Present Tense I am happy .Vom invinge? Is the cowboy riding in the moonlight? . Exemplu: Forma interogativa a verbului to watch la Present Continuous I am watching a movie.S-a dus sa vaneze lei.Imi place sa mananc grep.Ei se uita la un film? .Had you eaten enough? .E el fericit? Do you watch a movie every night? .Ma uit la un film in fiare seara. exprima mirarea (You work tonight !?!) I like to eat grapefruit.Lucrezi diseara Do you work tonight .Ai facut jogging in ultimul timp? Will we overcome? .Lucrezi diseara? Se poate spune si You are working tonight? (deci fara inversare. Are you watching a movie? .Calareste cowboyul la lumina lunii? 405. Do you like to eat grapefruit? .Ma uit la un film.Iti place sa mananci grep?!? He has gone to hunt lions.A venit ea totdeauna acasa de Craciun? Have you been jogging lately? . Propozitii interogative fara inversare You work tonight .Te uiti la un film? Is she watching a movie? . Are you happy? .Mancasei destul? Has she always come home for Christmas? . Has he gone to hunt lions? ..S-a dus sa vaneze lei?!? 406.Se uita el la un film in fiecare seara? 407.

Exemplu: Forma interogativa a verbului to watch la Past Continuous I was watching a movie when the lights went off .Te-ai uitat la un film? Did they watch a movie .Se uitaU ei la un film cand s-au stins luminile? 411.M-am uitat la un film.Se uita el la un film cand s-au stins luminile?. Were they watching a movie.Erai fericit Was she happy? .Eu eram fericit in trecut I have watched a movie . Was he watching a movie. when the lights went off? . Were you watching a movie.Ma uitam la un film cand s- au stins luminile.408.Am fost eu fericit in trecut? Has he been happy in the past? .A fost el fericit in trecut? Have they been happy in the past? .Te-ai uitat la un film? Has she watched a movie? . Was I happy .M-am uitat la un film. when the lights went off? . Exemplu: Forma interogativa a verbului to be si to watch la Past Perfect .Era fericita? Did you watch a movie? .Au fost ei fericiti in trecut? Have you watched a movie? .S-a uitat ea la un film? 410. when the lights went off? . Exemplu: Forma interogativa a verbului to be si to watch la Present Perfect I have been happy in the past .S-au uitat ei la film? 409.Te uitai la un film cand s-au stins luminile. Have I been happy in the past? . Exemplu: Forma interogativa a verbului to be si to watch la Past Tense I was happy .Eram fericit Were you happy? .Eu eram fericit I watched a movie .

la acea ora.Cand se termina acest film te vei fi uitat la 3 filme? . will I be happy? .Pana atunci fusesem noi fericit? Had you watched a movie already? . I will be happy .Ma voi uita eu la un film? (vezi verbe modale) Will they watch a movie? .Vei fi fost tu fericit(a)? When this movie is over will you have watched 3 movies ?. Exemplu: Forma interogativa a verbului to watch la Future Continuous I will be watching a movie at that time .Voi fi ei(ele) fericiti(e) intr-o zi? Will I watch a movie? .Pana atunci fusesem fericit(a). Forma interogativa a verbelor to watch si to be la Future Perfect I will have been happy . I will watch a movie .Se uitasera ei deja la un film? 412. Someday. Will you have been happy> .Ma voi uita la un film.Ma uitasem deja la un film.Intr-o zi voi fi fericit(a).Ne vom uita la un film la acea ora? 414. will they be happy .Se vor uita ei la un film? (vezi verbe modale) 413.Voi fi fost fericit(a).Cand se termina acest film ma voi fi uitat la 3 filme.Ma voi uita la un film.Voi fi fericit(a) intr-o zi? Someday.Te vei uita la un film la acea ora? Will we be watching a movie at that time? . I had watched a movie already . Had you been happy untill then? .I had been happy until then .Pana atunci fusesei fericit(a)? Had we been happy untill then? . When this movie is over I will have watched 3 movies . Will you be watching a movie at that time? .Te uitasei tu deja la un film? Had they watched a movie already? . Exemplu: Forma interogativa a verbelor to watch si to be la Future Tense Someday.

Will you have been watching a movie all afternoon by the time it is 5 o'clock?. Exemplu: Forma interogativa a verbului to watch la Past Perfect Continuous I had been watching a movie all afternoon before you came over.Ma uitasem la un film toata dupa amiaza inainte sa vii tu.- Ma voi fi uitat la un film toata dupa amiaza pana sa se faca ora 5. Exemplu: Forma interogativa a verbului to watch la Future Perfect Continuous I will have been watching a movie all afternoon by the time it is 5 o'clock.Te uitasei la un film toata dupa amiaza inainte sa vin eu? Had he been watching a movie all afternoon before I came over? .S-a uitat ea la un film toata dupa amiaza? 416. Formarea unui interogativ dintr-o propozitie negativa Are + pronume + not se contracta intotdeauna in aren't + pronume Is + pronume + not se contracta intotdeauna in isn't + pronume Do + pronume + not se contracta intotdeauna in don't + pronume Will + pronume + not se contracta intotdeauna in won't Have + pronume + not se contracta intotdeauna in haven't Was + pronume + not se contracta intotdeauna in wasn't + pronume Were + pronume + not se contracta intotdeauna in weren't + pronume .Se uitase la un film toata dupa amiaza inainte sa vin eu? 417.Te-ai uitat la un film toata dupa amiaza? Has she been watching a movie all afternoon? .. Have you been watching a movie all afternoon? .Te vei fi uitat la un film toata dupa amiaza pana sa se faca ora 5? 418. Exemplu: Forma interogativa a verbului to watch la Present Perfect Continuous I have been watching a movie all afternoon .415. Had you been watching a movie all afternoon before I came over? .M-am uitat la un film toata dupa amiaza.

Ti-a fost foame? Haven't you been hungry? .Nu ti-a fost foame? Was I quick? .Did + pronume + not se contracta intotdeauna in didn't + pronume Had + pronume + not se contracta intotdeauna in hadn't + pronume Would + pronume + not se contracta intotdeauna in wouldn't + pronume Should + pronume + not se contracta intotdeauna in shouldn't + pronume Puteti sa procedati astfel: Luati interogativul pozitiv si inlocuiti dupa caz. Am I going to Paris? .Ai 20 de ani.Ai 20 de ani? Aren't you 20? .N-ai 20 de ani? You saw him . Am I not . interogativul negativ se face tot prin inversarea subiectului cu primul dintre verbele auxiliare.Nu l-ai vazut.Nu ai 20 de ani. In cazul verbului to be. You did not see him .L-ai vazut. Formarea unui interogativ dintr-o propozitie negativa in cazul verbului to be.Nu l-ai vazut? 419. auxiliarul inversat cu una din contractiile de mai sus.Merg la Paris? Are you hungry? . Altfel porniti de la negatie si faceti inversiunea. You are not 20 . Are you 20? . You are 20 .Va fi acolo? Won't he be there? .N-am fost iute? Will he be there? .Am fost iute? Wasn't I quick? .NU se contracta.Nu va fi acolo? .Nu ti-era foame? Have you been hungry? .Ti-e foame? Aren't you hungry? .Nu ti-e foame? Were you hungry? . Did you see him? .L-ai vazut? Didn't you see him? .Ti-era foame? Weren't you hungry? .

Ai vorbit la telefon? Haven't you been talking on the phone? 421. La intrebari formulate cu verbul to be. La intrebari formulate cu auxliarul will. se raspunde tot prin verbul to be.No Nu.Yes I do play the trombone Nu . Are we late? .Iti place branza? Don't you like cheese . se raspunde tot prin to have.Nu ti-ai plantat gradina? Have you been talking on the phone? . Daca mai multe din aceste auxiliare apar intr-o intrebare. (Cel din fata subiectului).Nu iti va picta portretul? Have you planted your garden? . La intrebari formulate cu auxliarul to have. se raspunde tot cu will. nu cant . La intrebari formulate cu auxliarul to do. se raspunde cu auxiliarul inversat.Canti la trombon? Da .Yes I did . se raspunde tot prin to do.Ti-ai plantat gradina? Haven't you planted your garden? . I am Esti roman(ca) . Do you like cheese? . Se face in functie de formularea intrebarii. Do you play the trombone? .No. we are not Am intarziat? .Yes. nu am intarziat Did you have a good time? .Yes.420.Da.Da esti. you are Sunt destept/desteapta? . Am I smart? .Iti va picta portretul? Won't he paint your portrait? . sunt.No I don't No I don't play the trombone Are you Romanian? . Formarea unui interogativ dintr-o propozitie negativa in cazul altui verb decat to be.Nu iti place branza? Will he paint your portrait? .yes Da cant .Nu.Yes I do (si nu yes I play) Da cant la trombon . Formularea raspunsului DA/NU la intrebarile fara negatie.

I get seasick. I hadn't Stiai asta? . Ca si in romaneste.Putin A lot . A little .Nu prea Maybe .Te-ai distrat . In engleza nu exista ceva echivalent. Exista ca si romaneste cuvinte specifice pentru intrebari pentru care regulile de formare a interogatiei se schimba Acest lucru e adevarat numai daca aceste cuvinte formeaza subiectul propozitiei. Don't you play the piano? .Mult Sort of . In acest caz aceste cuvine reprezinta interogatia si nu e nevoie de alt mod de formare a interogatiei. 423. Se poate zice: Of course! . . I do not play the piano. No.Nu.Sigur.No I won't Ii vei spune profesoarei? . Have I offended him? . you have. 422. Formularea raspunsului DA/NU la intrebarile cu negatie.Intr-un fel Not really . Had you known about this? .Da. accentuand.Nu canti la pian? Yes.No. am rau de mare.Sigur! sau se poate repeta toata propozitia. Iti plac vapoarele? . I DO play the piano. auxiliarul. L-am jignit? Da. Do you like ships? . nu stiam Will you be telling the teacher? .Poate 424. Noi zicem Ba da.Yes. la aceste intrebari este cateodata greu de raspuns clar.Nu.Nu. pentru emfaza (in cazul ca raspunsul e da).No. Alte raspunsuri la intrebari Of course .

What .Unde te duci? Where did you go on vacation? .Ce What is this? .Ce crezi? What.Ce ai spus (tu)? What time do they open? .Cine What .Cum a fost? What is the weather like in Katmandu? .Unde ai fost in vacanta? 428.La ce ora deschid? (aici subiectul e they .Cand .Cum e vremea in Katmandu? 427.Care 425. When . Who .Cine deschid .Unde Where do you live? .. Where .ei)? What is the king like? .Ce s-a intamplat? What did you say? (aici subiectul e you .deci who e subiectul) Who do you think won? .Tu cine crezi ca a castigat? Aici do you think e intercalat in propozitia Who won? 426..Cine Who are you? .Unde este asta? Where is Djibouti? .Who .este? What was it like .Unde locuiesti? Where is it? ..Cum te cheama?(Ce nume ai?) What happened? ..Cand How .Cat Which .Cum.Cum How .Cine a castigat cursa? (Raspuns: X won the race .like? .Ce e asta? What is your name .Cine esti? Who won the race? .Unde When .Cum este regele (Ca ce este regele)? What do you think? .Unde e Djibouti? Where are you going? .Ce Where .

Cat e de mic? How far away is it? . si ziceam How fat he is! How fat he is! .Cum arat? 430.Cat de cald e? How cold is it? .Cat e de slab! How tall he is! .Ce mai faci? How is granny? .Cum ai facut? How do you get there? .Cand a fost Al Doilea Razboi Mondial? When will they be here? .Cat e de departe? How close is it? .Ce zici de asta? How did you do that? .Cat costa? How often do you go to the movies? . Observatie: Daca vroiam sa zicem: Cat e de gras! nu mai era intrebare.Cat e de mare? How small is it? . How .Cand va muri universul? 429.Cat de des mergi la film? How hot is it? .Cat e de inalt! How short he is! .Cat de lung e? How short is it? .Cand sosesc? When will the universe die out? .Cat How much is it? .Cat e de scund! .Cat e de gras? How thin is he? .Cat e de inalt? How short is he? .Ce mai face (Cum e) bunica? How about that? .Cand a fost asta? When was World Wae 2? .Cat e de scund? 431.Cat e de slab? How tall is he? .Cati ani are? How fat is he? .When was that? .Cat e de gras! How thin he is! .Cat e de frig (de rece)? How long is it? . How much .Cum ai ajuns acolo? How do I look? .Cum How are you? .Cat e de aproape? How old is he? .Cat e de scurt? How big is it? .

acum sa vorbesti He can hurt himself up there .exprima vointa would . Verbele Modale .Ea poate sa cante ca un inger We can trust them . they can hear you. .trebuie shall . .Se poate rani acolo sus.Care Which one is better? .a putea.exprima o promisiune should . now .432. pot sa te auda. Verbele Modale . Exista in limba engleza verbe care se numesc Verbe Modale Acestea sunt: can .Caracteristici 1.Puteti merge impreuna Shhh.Shhh. She can sing like an angel . 435.Eu pot.Care e al tau? 433. Nu au s la prezent persoana a treia: I can draw .ar trebui 434.exprima o dorinta de a realiza ceva must . Este altceva decat can .a avea voie might .Care e mai bun? Which should I choose? .exprima o posibilitate will .ar trebui ought to . Nu accepta particula to la infinitiv. To can inseamna a face conserve. Which .Putem avea incredere in ei.a putea could .a fi in stare may . stiu sa desenez You can talk.Caracteristici 2.Pe care sa il aleg? Which is yours? .Ai voie (poti). You can go together .

Caracteristici 5.El poate sa ma auda? Can he hear me? . You can help me . .Caracteristici 3.Pot sa vin (sa fiu acolo).Pot sa vin? May I? .Poate sa ma auda? I can come .Imi dai voie? Yes. I must take this medicine.Da. Can I come? . .436.Da. Verbele Modale . . Verbele Modale . you don't have to. nu te pot ajuta Yes.Trebuie sa iau acest medicament? No.Trebuie sa iau acest medicament. Could you help me? . Nu au participiu si nici forma cu ing si de aceea au multe timpuri lipsa La timpurile lipsa ele se inlocuiesc prin alte verbe can se inlocuieste cu to be able to may se inlocuieste cu to be allowed to must se inlocuieste cu to have to 437.Caracteristici 4.La fel ca verbul to be verbele modale nu formeaza interogativul folosind verbul to do ci prin inversarea verbului cu subiectul.Nu. No. he can hear you.Nu.Da.Ca si verbul to be ele nu formeaza negativul folosind verbul to do. Yes. you may . Must I take this medicine? .Ai putea sa ma ajuti? 438. el te aude. I can not help you. pot sa te ajut.Poti sa ma ajuti He can hear me. Verbele Modale . . I can help you . . nu trebuie.Poti sa ma ajuti Can you help me? .. te las.

couldn't may not .shouldn't ought to .Suntem in stare sa calarim We dream of riding a horse. .Trebuie sa adaugi untul You must not devine deobicei shouldn't 439.Putem sa calarim We could ride a horse.Vrem sa calarim We wish to ride a horse.No. . You must add the butter .Ei nu au putut sa vina No.Ne gandim sa calarim dar We can ride a horse.Nu. . Verbele Modale . . He might not know the address.won't would . E un raspuns taios.nu se contracta will . Chiar atunci cand inlocuite cu alt verbe s-ar pune to (sau of) We want to ride a horse. Verbele Modale . you may not talk . He won't tell the difference . he can not hear you.Caracteristici 6.Ea nu ar spune asa ceva.Ar trebui sa nu il supere 440. .Sunt urmate de verbe la infinitiv fara to.oughtn't (nu se foloseste) I can't hear you .mustn't shall .Nu trebuie sa intarziati They shouldn't upset him .might not .Caracteristici 7. . .wouldn't must .shan't (nu se foloseste) should .Am putea sa calarim .nu se contracta si se foloseste ca raspus la o intrebare cu may.S-ar putea sa nu ste adresa.Formele negative deobicei se contracta: can not . .. el nu te aude. might .Nu va (putea) vedea diferenta She wouldn't say that . .can't could not . de aceea nu se contracta. You mustn't be late .Dorim sa calarim We are trying to ride a horse.Visam sa calarim We think of riding a horse.Nu te aud They couldn't come .Incercam sa calarim We are able to ride a horse.Nu nu poti sa vorbesti.

. . . .Biletele de tren pot fi scumpe 445. so their train must have left .We may ride a horse.Nu.Trebuie sa calarim We shall ride a horse. They will be on the train by now. Observati ca will aici nu are rol de auxiliar in Future Tense.Avem voie sa calarim We might ride a horse. nu iti spun 443. .E 10 deci ar putea veni curand (poate) It's eleven. It shouldn't take long . La prezent se foloseste must/might/could/may/can't It's nine.E 11. . deci trenul trebuie sa fi plecat. Pentru probabilitati se poate folosi can in cazul a ceva posibil la modul general: Train tickets can be expensive. . They can't still be at home .(poate) They may have missed the train.Ar fi bine sa calarim 441. Cand vorbim de posibilitati specifice folosim could .Nu mai pot fi acasa (suntem destul de siguri de acest lucru) 442.Exista si posibilitatea sa calarim We would ride a horse. s-ar putea sa se fi ratacit. Should respectiv shouldn't se folosesc pentru a face supozitii despre lucruri care dupa cate stim noi asa ar trebui sa fie: They should be here by now .N-ar trebui sa dureze mult 444. they could be lost.Ei trebuie sa fie in tren pana la ora asta No. .Ar fi trebuit sa fie aici la ora asta.Promitem sa calarim We should ride a horse.E 9. Folosim will respectiv won't cand suntem foarte siguri de afirmatiile noastre.Poate au pierdut trenul(poate). . . (Arata ca suntem destul de siguri de afirmatia noastra) It's ten so they might come soon . I won't tell you .Noi am calari We must ride a horse.

. They could have been stuck in traffic (nu could be care este prezentul). In schimb cand vorbim de trecut. oamenii puteau fi fericiti si fara apa curenta He could have been lost in the woods when I called him and he didn't answer .Poate ca ii era foame.Ar putea fi blocati in trafic 446.Demult. 448. Urmatoarele verbe modale sunt folosite pentru actiuni din trecut: Must. He could havr been frightened by something . 449.Putea sa se fii ratacit in padure cand l-am strigat si nu mi-a raspuns. could.Poate ca era bolnav He can't have barked for nothing . people could be happy even without running water. . (nu prea este folosit) He should have been back yesterday..Cainele trebuie sa te fi tinut treaz toata noaptea He might have been hungry . could il inlocuieste pe can.Trebuia sa se intoarca de ieri. Verbele modale exprima de multe ori putinta de a face ceva. may. Could se transforma in could be pemtru o posibilitate generala din trecut.Nu poate sa fii latrat degeaba. Altfel se foloseste could have been Long ago.Ar fi putut fi blocati in trafic. might. can't + have + past participle My dog must have kept you up last night. should have + participiul trecut pentru probabilitati trecute. They will have sold there products yesterday .Poate ca au fost speriati de ceva He may have been ill .They could be stuck in traffic (nu can be) . 447.Ei isi vor fi vandut produsele ieri. 450.. Folosim will have.

sau sa aiba destui bani ca sa plateasca ceva.Nu putem sa trimitem astazi scrisoarea 452. because there was no wind. Pentru abilitati specifice avute in trecut se foloseste verbul to be able to anume lui can/can't in acest caz ii corespunde was able to/couldn't When the fire started. 451. Alte abilitati sunt specifice.. cum este vorbitul unei limbi straine de exemplu. . . am putut sa-l sting singur. puteam sa-mi platesc toate facturile. . Could/couldn't poate reprezenta o abilitate din trecut care nu mai exista in prezent: . We couldn't find the lost dog. La trecut can/can't cand exprima abilitati generale se transforma in could/couldn't I could ride a bike even in first grade.Eu pot sa merg cu bicicleta I can pay . We couldn't send the letters today .Inainte de criza. I can ride a bike . deoarece nu era vant.Puteam sa merg pe bicicleta chiar si in clasa intai I could pay all my bills before the crisis . exista sau nu in anumite momente.Nu am putut sa gasim cainele pierdut I was able to open the door though it was stuck . abilitate care daca este adevarata.. este totdeauna adevarata.Cand a inceput incendiul.Aceasta este de exemplu abilitatea generala de a face ceva.Nu am putut sa trimitem azi scrisorile 453.Nu poate sa cante pentru ca e ragusit We can't send the letter today. cum ar fi ca o persoana sa-si mentina echilibrul.Pot eu sa platesc He can't sing because he is hoarse. Can sau can't se folosesc si pentru abilitati generale si pentru abilitati specifice. I was able to put it out by myself.Am reusit sa deschid usa desi era intepenita 454.

. I can come see you tomorrow . 456. . La viitor can/can't devine will be able to/won't be able to in cazul abilitatilor generale. . Prin urmare don't have to reprezinta lipsa unei obligatii.Nu va fi in stare sa inteleaga acele formule. He won't be able to understand those formulas..Trebuie sa pastrez secretul You must be polite . Inseamna doar ca nu este nevoie. dupa ce urmez cursurile acelea.Puteam sa venim mai devreme 455. . should pot exprima obligatia de a face ceva I have to keep it a secret .Fugarul trebuie sa se predea 459. must.Ar trebui sa vorbesti mai tare 458.Voi putea sa repar un televizor. mai ales impusa din afara Children have to learn to read . 457. . De multe ori se pronunta apasat. dar daca vrei sa faci este alegerea ta.Pot sa vin sa te vad maine I can't take the exam next week. Verbele modale have to. I will be able to repair a TV set after those classes.I could have played the violin but I didn't practice enough. dar nu am exersat destul.. We could have come earlier. Have to reprezinta o obligatie puternica. Don't have to nu te restrictioneaza de la a face ceva.Trebuie sa fii politicos You should speak louder .As fi putut sa cant la vioara.Copii trebuie sa invete sa citeasca The fugitive has to turn himself in.Nu pot sa dau examenul saptamana viitoare. In cazul abilitatii specifice la viitor can/can't ramane can/can't.

Nu trebuie sa merg la facultate.Nu trebuie sa va certati 463. Must la trecut devine tot had to I had to clean my room last week because my friend was coming over.I don't have to go to college. Must este de asemeni o obligatie puternica. . 464..A trebuit sa-mi fac curat in camera saptamana trecuta. Must not la trecut nu exista. Should/shouldn't reprezinta o obligatie mai putin stringenta: You should exercise daily .Nu eram obligat sa salvez pisica. I must clean my room . mai ales cand e venita de la vorbitor. but I would like to. La trecut have to/don't have to devine had to /didn't have to I had to go to bed at nine as a child . but I wanted to. .Trebuia sa ma culc la noua cand eram copil I didn't have to rescue the cat. dar mi-ar placea 460. . You mustn't cross the street if there is no trafficlight. pentru ca venea in vizita pritenul/prietena mea. . Mustn't sububliniaza ca nu este voie sau ca este o idee proasta. Trebuie sa nu traversezi daca nu exista stop.Trebuie sa-mi fac curat in camera 461.Trebuie sa faci miscare zilnic You shouldn't quarrel. 465. dar asa am vrut. 462.

Pot sa vin si eu. didn't they? . tabieturi si in acest context de multe ori insotesxc subjonctivul. Se formeaza cu verbe auxiliare sau cu verbe modale You'll be there.E atat de destept. nu-i asa? (entuziasm) He is that smart.Totdeauna voi canta cand fac dus! 469. poti/Nu.Ai mancat tot tortul. nu? You ate all the cake. .Au pierdut banii..Ar fi trebuit sa economisesti niste bani I shouldn't have yelled at my best friend. can't I? .As putea sa imprumut aceasta carte? Da/Nu. Can I drive the car? Yes you can/No you can't .Pot(imi dai voie) sa conduc masina? Da.Asa-i de destept.466. Verbele will si would pot exprima obiceiuri. May I join you? Yes you may / No you may not. nu? He is so smart isn't he? .Au pierdut banii nu? (banuiala sincera) They lost the money did they? . didn't you! . won't you? . Verbele modale can.De multe ori beam o cafea dimineata I will always sing in the shower! .Nu trebuia sa tip la prietenul meu cel mai bun 467. . I would often have a cup of cofee in the morning. 468.Pot sa stau cu voi? Da poti/ Nu nu poti. . da?(mare indoiala) They lost the money. nu poti Could I borrow this book? Yes you could/No you couldn't . Sunt intrebari care in romana se traduc prin nu-i asa? Ele insa exprima mai mult si deseori depind de intonatia celui care le pronunta. Should/ shouldn't devine la trecut should have/shouldn't have si exprima un regret You should have saved some money. nu-i asa? (spus cu mare suparare) I can come.Vei fi acolo. da?(suspiciune) . is he? . could si may pot exprima o permisiune pe care vorbitorul o cere sau o primeste.

nu-i asa? She knows English. has etc) dar verbul din propozitie se omite You can sing. is it? Pasul B.Pentru verbul to be . Tipul clasic de Intrebare Disjunctiva . 2. 2. Intonatia e ca pentru o afirmatie. isn't it? It is not hot today. doesn't she? .Ar trebui sa vin si eu.disjunctia se formeaza prin adaugarea unei negatii. Daca propozitia de baza e afirmativa . shouldn't I? . Disjunctia e o intrebare 1. Formarea de Intrebari Disjunctive (CLASICE) Pasul A.Ea stie engleza.Nu a sosit. don't you? Atentie! NU SE ZICE: You play the piano.disjunctia se formeaza prin adaugarea unei afirmatii.se foloseste verbul to be (cu inversarea tipica intrebarilor) 3.470. has he? . nu-i asa? 471. se foloseste verbul modal respectiv. can't you? He is here. 1. Daca propozitia de baza e negativa . does. nu-i asa? You will be there.Vei fi acolo.Pentru orice alt verb se foloseste particula necesara timpului respectiv (do. isn't he? You play the piano. won't you? . will.nu-i asa? He hasn't arrived. isn't he here? (daca TOTUSI zicem asa punctul urmator (C) nu se mai respecta) Pasul C. nu o intrebare (se coboara tonul la sfarsit) Alte Exemple I should come too.Pentru verbe modale. don't you play the piano? sau He is here. It is hot today.

A devenit cel mai bun antrenor de fotbal din lume .Beaten .Borne: .Bat lunar covoarele 477. Al doilea tip de Intrebari Disjunctive din limbajul vorbit: (So).Te-am batut la sah. 2.A Bate I beat you at chess! Hahaha! .2 + 3 fac 5 475.To Awake . 1.A deveni He became the best football coach in the world .Bore ..To Beat .Become . 4.(nu prea crezi asta) 473. 3.Eu port toata raspunderea pentru ceea ce s-a intamplat.To Be .El suporta durerea in liniste 476.Unde exista o vointa.Deci esti actor/actrita. She bore the basket on her head . 5.Aceasta este casa mea Where there is a will there is a way . exista si o cale Two plus three is 5 .You are a movie star.Awoken: A se trezi My noisy parrot awakes me every morning . you are a movie star are you? .Was/Were .Ducea cosul pe cap He bore the pain in silence .To Bear .A purta I bear all the responsibility for what happened .Awoke .Esti actor/actrita nu-i asa? 472. hahaha! I beat the carpets monthly .Became .Beat .Been: A Fi This is my house .. aren't you? .Become .Papagalul meu zgomotos ma scoala in fiecare dimineata 474.

A pune pariu That is the horse I bet my money on .Iobagii din Evul Mediu erau legati de pamant The villagers bound up the robber .A lega (sfori. this time? . 8.Bound .Bid . 482.Am inceput sa-mi scriu teza de doctorat This does not even begin to cover the costs . 9. 6.Satenii l-au legat pe hot . Your best bet is to see a lawyer .What became of him? .A indoi The car door was bent in the accident .Bent .A oferi un pret Let the bidding begin! .Bend .A incepe I began writing my thesis .Vrei sa faci o mica exceptie de la regula.Bid .Ce s-a ales de el? Does white become me? .Bound .Sa inceapa ofertele de pret! He bid the kind family farewell .Bet .Pun pariu ca o sa-ti placa calatoria 481.Si-a luat la revedere de la familia buna la inima.Bind .Acesta e calul pe care mi-am pariat banii.Bent .Aceasta nici nu incepe sa acopere costurile 479. carti etc) Serfs in the Middle Ages were bound to the land .Mi se potriveste albul? 478.Bet .Usa de la masina s-a indoit in accident Some lawyers bend the truth .Begin . de data asta? 480.Began .Cea mai buna solutie e sa mergi la un avocat I bet you'll like the trip .Begun .Bid .Bet . 7. 10.Unii avocati distorsioneaza adevarul Will you bend the rule a bit.

Si-a rupt mana! The TV is broke. He bit the bait . 11. He broke the world record .Sufla-ti nasul! a spus ea baietelului ei.M-a ciupit un tantar 484.Vantul i-a luat palaria Blow your nose! she said to her little boy. A se strica He broke the vase! .Am adus provizii pentru trupe The enemy was brought to his knees .Broken . The color of the shirt bled into the other fabrics and now everything is brown .Bled .Bite .A sangera His nose was bleeding .Bled .483.Brought . .A fost muscat de 22 de pisici si un pisoi.Culoarea de la camasa s-a raspandit in celelalte materiale si acum totul e maroniu 485.Blown .A incalcat legea They broke up . 12.S-au despartit.Vom face o pauza de cafea.A stins lumanarile (sufland in ele) 486. The bomb almost blew up in my face! .Bitten .Broke . 487. 14.Blow .Televizorul e stricat.A depasit recordul mondial He broke the law .A musca He was bitten by 22 cats and a kitten . 15.A (se) sparge.Brought . .Ii curgea sange din nas. 13.Bring .Dusmanul a fost infrant(ingenuncheat) .A muscat din momeala A mosqito bit me .Bomba aproape ca mi-a explodat in fata! He blew out the candles .Bleed .Bit .A sufla The wind blew his hat off .Blew . We'll break for cofee.A spart vaza! He broke his arm! .Break .A aduce I brought supplies for the troops . .

Marea i-a aruncat la tarm The fisherman cast his net .Burnt/Burned .A iesit cu putere (a izbucnit) pe usa.Burnt/Burned .Si-a facut-o cu mana lui.A construi The house was built around 1850 . 492.A arde He burns all his letters . 18.A arunca (doar anumite lucruri. 17.Cast . a izbucni The kid was bursting with energy .Bought .A aruncat o privire The sea cast them to shore .Built .A plesni. 19.Multimea a izbucnit in ras. 16.Cast .Nu a crezut scuza mea Going by taxi will buy you some time . multe din ele nautice) He cast a glance .A cumpara I bought a new refridgerator . The crowd burst out laughing .Burst .Pescarul si-a aruncat firul .Cearta a scos la iveala toate caracteristicile lui negative He brought it upon himself .Casa a fost construita in jurul anului 1850 The house had a shelf built-in the wall. It was brought to my attention .Burn .Pescarul si-a aruncat plasa de pescuit in apa The fishermat cast the fishing line into the sea .Balonul a explodat de la caldura. He burst out the door .The quarrel brought out the worst in him .Copilul plesnea de energie The balloon burst from the heat .Build .Isi arde toate scrisorile His job is burning him out . a fi plin ochi.Burst .Slujba il epuizeaza 490.Casa avea un raft incorpoat in perete 489.Mi s-a semnalat 488.Built . He didn't buy my excuse . .Am cumparat un frigider nou.Burst . 491.Bought .Daca mergi cu taxi-ul mai castigi niste timp.Buy .Cast . 20.

Pasagerii autobuzului se tineau de scaunele din fata in timpul calatoriei cu denivelari.Poti pleca. a incropi The children were clapping their hands . a se tine strans The bus passengers were clinging to the seats in front during the bumpy ride. 495.A alege She was chosen for the team .Aceasta arunca cu siguranta o indoiala asupra nevinovatiei lui.A prins autobuzul I didn't catch all you said .Nu pot sa aleg sa nu ma implic.Clapped/Clapt . 23.A fost prins furand He caught the bus .Clad/Clothed .Regina era imbracata in aur si argint .Clad/Clothed . 25.Clung .Cling .de pescuit in apa This certainly casts some doubt over his innocence .A fost aleasa in echipa You may leave if you choose .Clapped/Clapt .A se agata.Choose . 493.Clap .Chose .Vara imi place sa stau la umbra aruncata de turn.A prinde He caught the ball .Clothe .Ei se agata de idei invechite 497.Copii bateau din palme They clapped up a garage .Nu am prins tot ce ai spus 494. . He caught a cold . 24.A imbraca (cuvant vechi) The queen was clothed in gold and silver .A prins mingea.Clung .Chosen . In the summer. I like sitting in the long shadow cast by the tower . . Catch .Caught .Caught . daca doresti.A bate din palme.Au incropit un garaj 496. I cannot choose to stand aside .A racit He was caught stealing . 22. They cling to old-fashioned ideas.

29.Cost .A se tara A spider was creeping up the wall .Un paianjen se urca pe perete Depression can creep up on you .Cut . a indrazni I dare you to jump from the tree .Au ajuns la o concluzie My family comes first .Cut .Cut . 28.Trees clothed in a rainbow of colors .Came .Familia vine intai (are prioritate) The project is coming along very well .Proiectul inainteaza foarte bine. 26.Come .Dare .Acel paragraf a fost scos He cut in line in front of me .Crept .Aproape ca m-a costat viata 500. .Vino sa ma vezi! They came to a conclusion . peste rand He was cut off from the will .Nu sunt facut sa fiu erou 502. 30.Copilul acela cateodata chiuleste That paragraph was cut out .A costa How much does asparagus cost? .A taiat marul in doua I have to cut my hair .Incep sa imi amintesc totul 499.De ce as indrazni sa fac ceva atat de necugetat? .Cost .Te provoc sa sari din copac Why would I dare do something as silly as that .A intrat in fata mea.Cost .Dared .A fost scos din testament I'm not cut out to be a hero.A veni Come see me! . . A wrench would come in handy .Copaci imbracati intr-un curcubeu de culori 498.Creep .Crept .Depresia poate sa te cuptinda pe nesimtite 501.Come . 27.Dared .a provoca.Cat costa sparanghelul It almost cost me my life .A taia He cut the apple in two .Un cleste ar fi util It's all coming back to me now.Trebuie sa ma tund That child sometimes cuts class .

Dig .As trai si fara asta (spus de ceva care te deranjeaza) .A face The boy did his homework .Dug .Deal .Dealt .Dug .Un sendvis cu sunca ar merge bine That should do it . a imparti carti de joc He deals with a lot everyday .Vreau sa imi sap gradina in primavara asta Don't dig your nails into my arm like that! . 32.A se ocupa de.Mai sunt multe de facut What do you do for a living? .Dive .Baiatul si-a facut temele He did the dishes .A sapa I want to dig up my garden this spring .El vinde tacamuri 504.Dealt .Dived/Dove . 33.A facut puscarie pentru furt de masini Do as the teacher says .Fa totul cat mai bine. 31.A plonjat in multime He dived into the ocean waves .Do .Fa cum iti spune profesoara A ham sandwich would do nicely .El totdeauna isi face datoria There is still a lot to do .Done . 34. nu te deranja de altceva She does her hair every morning .503. leave the rest . As a teacher she deals with many parents .A scos din pamant o comoara! Formidabil! 505.Ca profesoara are de-a face cu multi parinti He deals in cutlery .Nu-ti mai baga unghiile in bratul meu! He dug up a treasure!Unbelivable! .Dived He dived into the crowd . a avea de-a face cu.A plonjat in valurile oceanului 506.Asta rezolva problema I could do without this .Did .Cu ce te ocupi? Do your best. a face afaceri.Isi face parul in fiecare dimineata He did jail time for car theft .Se ocupa de multe lucruri zilnic.El a spalat vasele He always does his duty .

Am stat in padure si am absorbit frumusetea din jur.A manca I love eating spaghetti and cheese .Im place sa mananc spaghetti cu branza Rust ate away the pillars of the old bridge .El conduce un taxi She'll be driving six white horses .Drank .Unde bati? 511.Rugina a mancat stalpii vechiului pod. 36.Apa pune in miscare turbina What are you driving at? .Drive . 510.Drove .Ea va conduce sase cai albi. 509. a scoate He can't draw . What's eating you? .A conduce He drives a taxi .Ma innebuneste Water drives the turbine . The nurse came to draw blood . They still draw water from a fountain .Drunk . The enemy was driven out of the country .Ce te roade? .Dream . I sat in the forest.A desena.Dreamt/Dreamed .507.Dimineata beau un pahar de lapte.Eaten .Azi noapte am visat ca zburam deasupra lunii.A bea I drink a cup of milk in the morning .Voi prezenta concluziile. 38.Driven .Ei inca scot apa din fantana.Inamicul a fost izgonit din tara He drives me crazy .Drawn .Draw .Dreamt/Dreamed .Daca porti un turban ai sa atragi atentie 508.Visez sa merg in Hawaii Last night.Ate .Eat .A visa I dream of going to Hawaii . 37. I dreamed I was flying over the moon . 39. 35.Asistenta medicala a venit sa ia sange If you wear a turban you will draw attention .El nu poate sa deseneze I will draw the conclusions .Drink .Drew . . and drank in the beauty around me.

. This region alone feeds the towns around it.A plouat mult in primavara asta. I feel for you .Fell . . My eyes fell on a letter he had on his desk . 40. 514.Podul Londrei se prabuseste (incetul cu incetul) Night falls earlier in winter.Cand i-am spus ca bursa a cazut. spuse Sfanta Vineri. 41.Feel .Fallen . said Sfanta Vineri. sunt alaturi de tine.512.Ochii mi-au cazut pe o scrisoare de pe biroul lui When I told him the stock market crashed.A se bate. his face fell .Daca nu studiezi vei ramane in urma This cottage is falling apart .A cazut guvernul If you don't study you'll fall behind .Simti in aer spritul Craciunului? I felt my heart sink .Casuta asta se darama (incetul cu incetul) 513. Newton discovered gravity .Cavalerul s-a indragostit de frumoasa printesa The peasant fell to his knees when the heavenly light shone upon him - Taranul a cazut in genunchi atunci cand lumina divina s-a varsat asupra lui. The governement fell .Cand a cazut marul Newton a descoperit gravitatia London bridge is falling down .Te inteleg.Fight .I-am simtit maina mica tragandu-ma de fusta A blind man sees by feeling with his hands .A cadea When the apple fell. 42. When does Easter fall this year? .Fed .Cand cade Pastele anul acesta? A lot of rain has fallen this spring.Am simtit cum mi-a cazut inima. i-au cazut trasaturile.Noaptea vine mai devreme iarna The knight fell in love with the beautiful princess .Cineva orb vede pipaind cu mainile. 43. 515. a se certa .Fed . .Feed . I felt her little hand tugging at my skirt .Aceasta regiune singura hraneste orasekle din jur.Am nevoie de cineva care sa-mi hraneasca puii.Fall .Fought .Fought .Felt .Felt . .A hrani I need somebody to feed my chickens.A simti Do you feel the spirit of Christmas in the air? .

Hotul a fugit din casa cu politia dupa el He fled the scene of the crime .Flee . 46.Fly .Aceasta priveliste de toamna se potriveste cu starea mea de spirit 518.A zbura .Ne vom bate pana la moarte My neighbors fight all the time . 45.Te incape rochia asta> I can't fit these shoes into the box.Trebuie sa-mi gasesc pisica Will I ever find happiness? .Fit/Fitted .Flew .A potrivi Can you fit into this dress? .A fugi (dar nu a alerga de placere) They tried to flee the country .Flung .Fled .Found .Au incercat sa fuga din tara The robber fled from the house with the police at his heels .Vecinii mei se cearta tot timpul He was fighting off a swarm of flies . This fall scenery fits my mood .Flown .We will fight to the death .Si-a aruncat bratele in sus in disperare.David a aruncat cu o piatra in Goliath He flung up his arms in hopelessness . Stop finding fault with me! .S-a aruncat intr-un scaun.Find . 519. 47.Nu imi mai tot gasi cusururi! 517.Found . 520.Voi gasi vreodata fericirea? I find this story to be far-fetced.Fit/Fitted . exagerata.Fled .A fugit de la locul crimei.Nu reusesc sa bag acesti pantofi in cutie. 48.Fling .A gasi I need to find my cat .Flung . . David flung a stone at Goliath .Copilul si-a luptat sa nu planga 516. 44.Fit .A arunca He flung himself in a chair .Usuia de pe el un roi de muste The child fought back tears .Mi se pare aceasta poveste. .

Forgiven . 526.A interzice I forbid you to go! .Forsook .A happy parrot flew high into the sky . 51.Forsake .Foretell .Forgave .Uu papagal fericit s-a inaltat sus in cer.Forgot .Foresaw .Iarta-ma ca te intreb: Cati ani ai? He forgave the burglar .Foretold . 49.Doamne fereste! 522. a abandona .A zburat peste Polul Nord The ship flew the Romanian flag .A prevesti Nostradamus foretold many future events .Se spune ca a ierta si a uita e o idee inteleapta.Forgive .Forsaken . 54. 53.A prevedea( He did not foresee that .El l-a iertat pe hpt They say to forgive and forget is a wise idea .Nu s-a asteptat la asta An unforeseen storm hit the Gulf of Mexico. Splinters were flying everywhere .A uita de. 50.O furtuna neasteptata a lovit Golful Mexic 523. 52.Forbidden .Foreseen .Forbade/Forbad .Vaporul arbora drapelul romanesc.A ierta Forgive me for asking: How old are you? .Forbid .Un elefant nu uita niciodata 525.Aschii zburau peste tot.A uita An elephant never forgets . He flew over the North Pole .Forget .Foretold .Forgotten . . 521.Nostradamus a prevesit multe evenimente viitoare 524.Iti interzic sa te duci God forbid! .Foresee .

A inlemnit in cale cand a vazut ursul. 527.Abia se descurca cu banii Getting back to the subject .Ne intelegem bine. 55.A inlemnit in fata aparatului de filmat. . 528.Iesi afara de aici! The whole family got together last week . Don't get into trouble - Nu da de vreo belea Get out of here . He froze in front of the camera .Stirea s-a raspandit They barely get by .A primi. . this God forsaken land will grow more than weeds. a intelege I got a puppy for my friend .Intorcandu-ne la subiect Let's get to the subject .Hai sa ne apucam de treaba.Sper ca m-am facut inteles Word got around.Lacul acela ingheata iarna He froze in his tracks when he saw the bear .Nu inteleg Get a haircut .Get .Froze .M-am suit in urmatorul tren Everyday I get to school at 8 in the morning . 56.Got/Gotten .Am luat "Cei 3 Muschetari" de la biblioteca. .Cum ajungi acolo? I don't get it .Voi sta acasa fiindca sunt racit I didn't get your name when we were introduced.Ma scol la 6.Avem o mica cabana in munti I hope I got my point across . it needs rebooted . .Freeze .Got .Intreaga familie s-a adunat saptamana trecuta We get along well . trebuie repornit. My computer froze.Hai sa ajungem la subiect Let's get down to work .Nu ti-am retinut numele cand am fost prezentati We've got a little cabin in the mountains .Am luat un catelus pentru prietenul meu I got The Three Musketeers from the library .Tunde-te! I got off at the wrong station .A ingheta That lake freezes in the winter . I get up at six .Someday. acest pamant uitat de Dumnezeu va creste si altceva in afara de buruieni. How do you get there? .Frozen .Computerul nu mai merge.In fiecare zi ajung la scoala la 8 dimineata I will stay at home because I got the flu .Intr-o zi.M-am dat jos la alta statie (decat trebuia) I got on the next train .

Cartea aceea merge acolo Orange and green go well together It goes without saying .Mi-a dat un exemplu/cuvantul lui/un sfat.Go .O vaca da lapte He gave me a wink .Hotul s-a predat I gave up looking for buried treasures . He gave his life .A vorbit intruna ce nedreapta e situatia I am going to do this .Mi-a facut cu ochiul.Mi-a facut semn din cap Give him my best wishes.Hai sa iesim! 531.Toate aceste covoare trebuie sa dispara How are things going? .Am reuntat sa mai caut comori ingropate 530.Mi-a dat un creion/o masina/o casa/o bautura.Give .529.A da We gave the waiter a tip .Cu trecerea timpului imi place mai mult casa asta.I-am dat chelnerului un bacsis He gave me a pencil/a car/a house/a drink .Given .. a merge..Imi da fiori. Can I go in there? .A dat o petrecere He gives me the creeps . . He gave me a nod . 58.Gone .Pleaca de aici! He went on and on about how unfair this is ..Pot sa intru acolo? Let's go out! . .Mi-a dat inapoi binoclul He finally gave in to my insistance .Si-a dat viata He gave out a scream . a se duce I go by bus .Ground .In sfarsit a cedat insistentelor mele The cow gave out a deep Moo . ..Se subintelege All these rugs have to go .A tipat He gave a party .Zic: Ceee? As time goes by I like this house more .Transmite-i toate urarile mele de bine.Cum merg lucrurile I go: Whaaat? . Those doors give onto the garden ..Vaca a scos un Moo adanc The robber gave himself up .Ground .A innebunit That book goes there .A macina .. 59..Ma duc cu autobuzul Go away! ..Acele usi dau in gradina He gave me back my binoculars .A pleca. 57.Voi face acest lucru He went mad . Grind . Give me an example/your word/a piece of advice.Went .Gave .(Ma inspaimanta) A cow gives milk .

Grind the wheat at the mill! - Macina-ti graul la moara!
He would grind his teeth - Scrasnea din dinti

532. 60.Grow - Grew - Grown - A creste

My apple tree is growing nicely - Marul meu creste frumos
The suspense was growing every minute - Suspansul crestea din clipa in
clipa
He grows a beard - Isi lasa barba
He grows chickens - Creste pui
The days grow shorter - Zilele se scurteaza
Nights grow longer - Noptile se lungesc. He grew up - S-a facut mare.

533. 61.Hang - Hung/Hanged - Hung/Hanged - A atarna, a spanzura
Hang - Hung - Hung - verb neregulat inseamna a atarna
Hang - Hanged - Hanged - verb regulat inseamna a spanzura

I will hang the painting in the livingroom - Voi atarna tabloul in sufragerie
He will hang at dawn - Va fi spanzurat la rasaritul soarelui.
He hung his head in shame - Si-a lasat capul in jos de rusine
We hung out together in highschool - Ieseam impreuna in liceu.

534. 62.Have - Had - Had - A avea

I have a car - Am o masina
Can I have some mashed potatoes - Pot sa iau niste piure? May I have a
look? - Pot sa arunc o privire?
I had a talk with him. - Am avut o discutie cu el.
Let's have a party! - Hai sa dam o petrecere!
I had a good time - M-am distrat bine.
I must have breakfast/lunch etc first - Intai trebuie sa mananc de
dimineata/pranz etc.
They have 2 children - Ei au 2 copii
She had a baby. - A nascut.
This has nothing to do with you - Aceasta treaba nu are legatura cu tine.

535. 63.Hear - Heard - Heard - A auzi

Do you hear what I hear? - Auzi ce aud eu?
I heard Mary has a little lamb - Am auzit ca Mary are un mielut.
I won't hear of it! - Nici nu vreau sa aud!
Please, hear me out - Te rog asculta si ce am eu de spus!

536. 64.Hide - Hid - Hidden - A (se) ascunde

The rabbit was hiding from the fox - Iepurele era ascuns de vulpe
Outlaws hid in dark forests - Haiducii se ascundeau in paduri intunecate

537. 65.Hit - Hit - Hit - A (se) lovi

He hit the table with his fist - A lovit cu pumnul in masa
I hit my thumb when hammering a nail - M-am lovit la degul mare pe cand
bateam un cui.
The bullet hit the target - Glontul a lovit tinta
The company was hit hard by the recession - Firma a fost greu lovita de
recesiune.

538. 66.Hold - Held - Held - A (se) tine

He held the book on his knees - Tinea cartea pe genunchi
He held on to the handrail - S-a tinut de balustrada
He held his breath - Si-a tinut respiratia
Let's see what the future holds. - Sa vedem ce ne rezerva viitorul
He held his tongue - Si-a tinut limba

539. 67.Hurt - Hurt - Hurt - A durea, a se lovi

My head/stomach/arm/tooth etc hurts - Ma doare
capul/stomacul/bratul/dintele etc
His words hurt - Cuvintele lui m-au durut
It never hurts to be polite - Niciodata nu strica sa fii politicos.

540. 68.Keep - Kept - Kept - A tine, a pastra

He kept coming back into the store - Se tot intorcea in magazin.
She keeps parrots - Ea creste papagali
Keep the children quiet. - Fa-i pe copii sa taca.
Keep safe on the road - Stai (pastreaza-te) in siguranta pe drum.
Can you keep a secret? - Poti sa tii un secret?
This project will keep him busy - Acest proiect il va tine ocupat
I keep records of all spendings - Tin evidente pentru toate cheltuielile.
Keep your voice down - Vorbeste incet.
Keep up the good work - Continua munca cea buna.
He keeps to himself - E retras.

541. 69.Kneel - Knelt/Kneeled - Knelt/Kneeled - A ingenunchea

He kneeled beside his sick dog - A ingenuncheat langa cainele sau bolnav.

542. 70.Knit - Knit/Knitted - Knit/Knitted

His grandmother would knit beautiful sweaters. - Bunica lui impletea
pulovere frumoase.

543. 71.Know - Knew - Known - A sti, a cunoaste.

He knows many poems - El stie multe poezii.
I know you - Te cunosc.
I have known him for a long time. - Il cunosc de multa vreme
You never know what might happen - Niciodata nu stii ce s-ar putea
intampla.

544. 72.Lay - Laid - Laid - A pune

He wanted to lay down and rest - Vroia sa se intinda ca sa se odihneasca.
He laid the table - A pus masa
He laid the bedspread upon the bed - A pus cuvertura pe pat.
He laid thick coats of paint. - A dat straturi groase de vopsea.
If he lays a finger on my dog I will sue - Daca face vreun rau cainelui meu il
dau in judecata.
My hen lays big eggs. - Gaina mea face oua mari.

545. 73.Lead - Led - Led - A conduce

He led his army to victory - Si-a condus armata la victorie.
The trail led them to the famous cave - Drumul i-a condus la celebra pestera.
He led the way when the children crossed the street. - El i-a condus (a stat in
fata lor) cand copiii au traversat strada
He leads an interesting life - El duce o viata interesanta

546. 74.Lean - Leant/Leaned - Leant/Leaned - A se inclina, a se sprijini

The leaning tower of Pisa started to be built in 1172. - Turnul inclinat din Pisa
a inceput sa fie construit in 1172.
He leans on me for help - Se sprijina de mine sa il ajut.
He leaned against the wall in pain - S-a sprijinit de perete datorita durerii.

547. 75.Leap - Leapt/Leaped - Leapt/Leaped - A sari (ca o lacusta si in sus)

With the bull right behind him, the man leaped over the wall - Cu taurul in
urma lui, barbatul a trecut peste zid dintr-o saritura
He learns by leaps and bounds - Invata in salturi.
He leaped at the chance to go to Tokyo - A actionat imediat pentru sansa de
a merge la Tokyo

548. 76.Learn - Learnt/Learned - Learnt/Learned - A invata, a afla

I learned Chinese - Am invatat chinezeste
He learned he was broke - A aflat ca nu mai are nici un ban

549. 77.Leave - Left - Left - A pleca, a lasa

He left in a hurry - A plecat in graba
He left me a note - Mi-a lasat un bilet.
Because he was late, he was left out of the game. - Deoarece a intarziat, a
fost omis din meci.
Do your best, leave the rest - Fa totul cat mai bine, lasa restul(alte
framantari).
Leave me alone! - Lasa-ma-n pace!
The train leaves at 9. - Trenul pleaca la 9. Anne left Bill - Anne l-a parasit pe
Bill.

Let .A lasa He will let the parrot out of the cage . 79.Mi-a imprumutat o carte We are building a house.Sa ne rugam.Construim o casa.Let .Lit . 78. Constanta lies on the Black Sea coast -Constanta se afla pe tarmul Marii Negre.Nu pot sa conduc o masina. .Lent .Fa un foc! I lit the lamp .Lain . Can you lend us a hand? .550.Daca stau pitit poate ca ursul nu ma va gasi. 552. I can't drive a car.Lit . Because of the drought the forest lit up .Nu ma dezamagi. You left the book lying on the floor .A sta culcat A nu se confunda cu to lie care inseamna a minti Saturday morning. I laid out a wonderful plan . .Light .Datorita secetei padurea a luat foc. I like to lie in bed .Fie a mai mare ca b Let him in. 80.A aprinde Light a fire! .Aici. se odihneste Eminescu If I lay low maybe the bear won't find me .Lie .A lasat papagalul afara din cusca Let a be greater than b .Lay .Ai last cartea pe podea.Lasa-l sa intre Let us pray . Poti sa ne ajuti? 551. Here lies Mihail Eminescu .Sambata dimineata imi place sa stau culcat in pat.Am conceput un plan grozav.A imprumuta He lent me a book . 553. let alone a bus . 81.Lend .Am aptins lampa Her face lights up when she hears of her home town. darmite un autobuz Don't let me down! .Lent .Let .

The carpenter made a table . He loses his temper too easily . .A dat un telefon He barely made it . This means war! .Proiectul nostru a primit (a intalnit) aprobarea comitetului.Hai sa ne intalnim la 8. He made up with his friend . 2 and 4 make 6 . 555.A face. . He made off with the money .Mi-am pierdut portofelul He got lost in the city . I must lose weight . Our project met the committee's approval. He lost his job last week.Pregatesc pranzul He made the bed .Made .Lost .Copilul mic facea mult zgomot. He did not meet all the required conditions .A ajuns in ultima clipa. 557.Ce inseamna acest cuvant? How do you mean to find him? .Ce vrei sa spui? He didn't mean it .N-a vorbit serios (N-a vrut sa te jigneasca).Sprijinul tau are mare importanta pentru mine.Trebuie sa slabesc.S-a ratacit in oras.Made .Isi pierde cumpatul prea usor.Tamplarul a facut o masa He made a mistake in these calculations.Mean .Make .Lose .A insemna What do you mean? .A facut patul He made a phone call .Met .S-a impacat cu prietenul sau.El nu indeplinea toate conditiile cerute.554.Meant . 83.Meant .2 si cu 4 fac 6. 84. 82.Acest lucru inseamna razboi! (adica acest lucru m-a suparat foarte tare) Your support means a lot to me . .A facut o greseala in aceste calcule I'm making lunch .A (se) intalni Lets meet at 8 .Meet .A plecat cu banii.Cum ai de gand sa-l gasesti.Lost .A pierde I lost my wallet . What does this word mean? . 85. .Si-a pierdut slujba saptamana trecuta.Met . 556. a produce The baby was making a lot of noise .

Mown .Da dobanda buna.A lua ceva drept altceva A nu confunda cu substantivul mistake.Mistake .Paid .A tunde iarba I have to mow the lawn . numai Molten e o forma neregulata The snowman melted.Mistaken . Pamantul nu intalneste cerul niciodata 558.A (se) topi Dupa cum se vede.Am crezut ca e cersetor 560.Trebuie sa tund gazonul 561.Melted . 87. Molten lava .Orizontul e o iluzie.Mowed . A mistake inseamna o greseala Insa a gresi = to make a mistake Se foloseste cu for Oh I'm sorry.Melt . . Can you pay off your debts? . iarta-ma te-am luat drept altcineva I mistook him for a beggar .Pay . I mistook you for somebody else .Am dat mult pe masina It pays good interest. . . .The horizon is an illusion.lava topita Molten iron . 88.Mistook .Omul de zapada s-a topit.Molten/Melted . Land never meets sky.Poti sa iti platesti datoriile? . I paid a lot for the car.Asteapta pana ma duc sa platesc.fier topit etc 559.O.Da rezultate munca grea. It pays to work hard .Paid . 86.A plati Wait till I go pay .Mow . 89.

Put .A scapa de . forma proven ca adjectiv. Read out the rules .Am dovedit aceasta asa ca acum e un fapt dovedit The party proved to be a succes .A-si da demisia.Read . The ammeter reads 10 amps . a renunta I quit my job .Rid .562.Petrecerea s-a dovedit a fi de succes.Trebuie sa-mi improspatez cunostintele de istorie.Am demonstrat aceasta teorema 563. 93. 566. Can I put(sau ask) a question? .Put . a demonstra Forma proved se foloseste ca verb.A (se) dovedi.A citi I learned to read at 5 . it's dangerous .Am terminat sa il mai rabd! 564.Pune cartea inapoi unde-i e locul I have to put my coat on .Proven/Proved .Prove . 90. You read my mind .Quit .Intai stinge focul acela.Trebuie sa pun haina pe mine.Nu mai amana! Put out that fire first.Rid/Ridded .Citeste cu voce tare regulile I need to read up on my history . Stop putting this off! .Mi-am dat demisia I quit smoking .Eu n-as interpreta asta ca insemnand prea mult. I proved this theorem .Rid/Ridded .Quit .A pune Put that book back where it belongs . 91. 94.Proved . 565.Pe scurt (pus scurt) raspunsul meu e nu. I am finished putting up with him! . I have proved this.Quit .Mi-ai citit gandurile I wouldn't read to much into that .Put .Read . so now it is a proven fact . 92.Pot sa pun o intrebare? ' Bluntly put.Read . my answer is NO . e periculos.Am invatat sa citesc la 5 ani.Ampermetrul indica 10 amperi.Am renuntat la fumat.

The doorbell is ringing .E cineva la usa (Soneria suna) The classroom rang with laughter .Am vazut o coloana subtire de fum ridicandu-se in departare.Ea calareste un cal bej.Ei ii place sa mearga pe bicicleta. Inflation causes prices to rise .Run . The preacher's voice rose till it sounded like thunder . a conduce.A suna Ring me up! . 568. Hot air balloons were rising in the sky during the festivities .Suna-ma! What he says rings true .Inflatia face ca preturile sa creasca. He's rid of his debts .Risen . 96.Ring .S-a sculat de pe scaun cu dificultate.The candidate promised to rid the city of stray dogs.Rode . He rides the bus to work .Rung .Orasul Varsovia s-a ridicat din cenusa dupa razboi. a candida .A se ridica To rise e numai a se ridica To raise (verb regulat) e a ridica The sun rises in the east .Run . 95. The city of Warsaw rose from the ashes after WW2 .Soarele se ridica in est.Merge cu autobuzul la serviciu.Clasa a rasunat de rasete 569. 567. She rides a tan horse .Vocea predicatorului a crescut pana a devenit ca un tunet.A scapat de datorii.Ridden . 570. She loves riding a bike .A calari.Baloanele cu aer cald se ridicau pe cer in timpul festivitatilor.Rose .Ce spune el suna adevarat.A alerga. I saw a thin column of smoke rising in the distance . He rose from his seat with difficulty . a merge cu un mijloc de transport He rode away into the sunset .Ride . a merge (despre aparate). 98. 97.Rise . .Ran .Candidatul a promis sa scape cainele de caini vagabonzi.Rang .A calarit pierzandu-se in lumina apusului de soare.

.Poti intra in cabinetul doctorului.Te rog condu-i pe musafiri. 574. He is seeing somebody . we have no more umbrellas .Repetitia a tinut de la 3 la 8 dupa masa. It seems you've run out of luck.Said .Inteleg ce spui. .Vrea sa candideze la presedentie.A taia cu fierastraul I always saw off the Christmas tree branches before getting rid of it - Totdeauna tai ramurile la brad inainte sa ma descotorosesc de el. a intelege I see an eagle in the sky . 572. He had to see the ruins for himself .Seek .A vedea.He ran the whole marathon . 573.Said .Zi ceva! "I made a mistake!" "I'll say" . The scientist was running a six month experiment . 100.Sawn/Sawed .See . 102.Vezi sa faca treaba bine.A cauta I'll go seek help .Vad un vultur pe cer I see what your saying.Sought . I see her as the leader .Sa spunem ca asa e.Se vede cu cineva The doctor will see you now .Se pare ca te-a lasat norocul. nu mai avem umbrele.Cauta o slujba. . 101.Sawed . ."Am gresit!" "Si inca cum" Let's say it's so .Saw .Ma duc sa caut ajutor He is seeking employment . The TV runs all day . He said goodye and rode off.A spune Say something! .Seen .O vad pe ea in postul de conducator Please see what they want .Si-a luat ramas bun si a plecat pe cal. The rehearsal ran from 3pm to 8pm. 99. Say . 571.A trebuit sa vada ruinele cu ochii lui.Savantul desfasura un experiment cu durata de sase luni.Saw .A alergat intreg maratonul He wants to run for president .Sought .Te rog vezi ce vor. See that they do it right . Please see the guests to the door .Televizorul sta aprins toata ziua.

103. The sun sets at 8.575. 104.A pus statueta pe masa He set the house on fire .Sold .I-a placut ideea unei gradini pe acoperis.A coase He is sewing the hem of his pants .Au trimis copiii la internat The football player sent the ball out of the field . a aranja He set the statuette on the table . I was sent for.Sent .Fumatul lui a pornit detectorul de incendii.Soarele apune la 8.A trimite He sent me a letter .Sell . His smoking set off the fire detector . 105. Set apart the clothes you will need .Jucatorul de fotbal a trimis mingea in afara terenului.Aseaza deoparte hainele de care vei avea nevoie.Set . Let me set forth my ideas .Merele nu se mai vand asa de bine. 578.Vreau sa vand casa Apples don't sell so well anymore .Trebuie sa fii un model pentru sora ta mai mica.Sold . . 576.Sent .A dat foc la casa I set the alarm clock at 8 .A (se) vinde I want to sell the house . 106. nu? 577.Lasa-ma sa-ti prezint ideile mele.Send .Am pus ceasul sa sune la 8 He must set the table by 6 . You must set a good example for your little sister .Mi-am ridicat un magazin in oras.Sewn/Sewed .Set .Mi-a trimis o scrisoare They sent the children to boarding school . wasn't I? .Sewed .Sew .Am fost chemat(a).A aseza.El isi coase tivul la pantaloni.Trebuie sa puna masa pana in ora 6. It's all set . I set up shop in town . He was sold on the idea of a rooftop garden . .Totu-i aranjat.Set .

The hunter started shaking when he saw the lion.Ceea ce mi-ai spus a aruncat putina lumina asupra acestui mister.Shook . To shake hands . lacrimi etc) A pierde ceva e to lose He shed tears in silence . 581. a scutura To shiver with cold .Shone . 583.A pierde (par.Shine . 108.Shed . She shook the tambourine and the music played .Lumina lunii stralucea pe cararea din padure The happiness that shone in his eyes said it all . 110. He shaved the wood carefully .Shave . My dog's hair is shedding .Si-a ras mustata in dimineata asta. We shook hands on it .Shed .Vanatorul a inceput sa tremure cand a vazut leul.Shaken .Shone .Plangea in liniste What you said shed some light on this mystery.Shaved . 109.Ne-am inteles 580. The oaktree has shed its leaves.Cainelui meu ii cade par din blana.A (se) incalta Uzual pentru a se incalta e to put on one's shoes Astazi se foloseste aproape numai cand vorbim de cai. . 582.A tremura de frig.Shed . .A tremura.Noaptea cand pamantul s-a zguduit.579.Shake .Shod .Shoe .A straluci Moonlight shone on the forest path . kilograme. .Stejarul s-a lepadat de frunze.A dat cu atentie lemnul la rindea.Bucuria care-i stralucea in ochi era graitoare. 107. .Shaven/Shaved .A da mana. 111.A (se) rade He shaved his mustache this morning . The night the earth shook .Ea scutura tamburina iar muzica rasuna.Shod .

Mi-a aratat colectia lui de timbre.A inchide Shut up! .Shrank . The lake shrank because of the draught . 587.Sang .Shoot . 588. 586.Shut .Sung .Peter i-a aruncat o privire suparata. .A arata He showed me his stamp collection .A impusca I shot the sheriff .Taci din gura! Please. Peter shot an angry look at him . .Showed .Shown . 113. .Nu ai venit la repetitii.A tasnit apa din teava.Lacul s-a micsorat datorita secetei.Shut . The health inspectors shut down the store .Shot . What's showing at the movies this week? . 115.Shot . 112. Pain shot through my arm . 114.Shut .E potcovar 584.Who will shoe your pretty little feet? . oamenii scad in inaltime I want to shrink this photo.Cu varsta.O durere m-a sagetat in brat 585.Shrink .I-a condus la usa.A canta .Inspectorii de sanatate au inchis magazinul They shut off the radioactive plant . 116.Curentul e oprit.Te rog.A se micsora People shrink with age .Au inchis (si au izolat) uzina radioactiva. inchide usa! The electricity is shut off.Ce film ruleaza saptamana asta? You didn't show up for rehearsal.L-am impuscat pe serif. shut the door! . and keep it in my purse . He showed them to the door.Cine-ti va incalta piciorusele? He shoes horses .Show .Sing .Shrunk . Water shot out of the pipe .Vreau sa micsorez aceasta fotografie si sa o tin in poseta.

Casa lor se afla intr-o vale verde.Slain .Cuvintele lui au capatat in sfarsit inteles.Nu sta pe jos.She sings in the choir .Pasari fericite canta in cer. 119.000 de locuri.Sleep .Am dormit bustean.A dormi I usually sleep until seven . His words finally sank in . .Slid . trage-ti un scaun.Sank .Sat .Slay .Slid . 593.Stai locului! 591.000 people .Sat .Papagalul imi sta pe umar Their house sits in a green valley .Hai sa cantam un cantec Happy birds are singing in the sky .Mica Miss Muffet sta pe un delusor That doesn't sit well with me .Deobicei dorm pana la 7. 589.Sink .A aluneca Pentru a aluneca din greseala e mai uzual to slip A slide = Un tobogan .Nu imi cade bine asta That stadium sits 30.Sit .Slept .A (se) scufunda The battleship has been sunk! . I slept like a log . My parrot sits on my shoulder . Sink or swim . 121.Stadionul acela are 30. 120.Nava de razboi a fost scufundata! His heart sank at the news . Little Miss Muffet sat on a tuffet . 590.A sta jos Don't sit on the floor. pull up a chair. 118.I s-a prabusit inima la aflarea vestii. 117.Ea canta in cor Let's sing a song .Sunk .Slept .A ucide Ceasar was slain by his political adversaries .Cezar a fost ucis de adversarii sai politici 592. Sit still! .Sau inoti sau te scufunzi.Slide .Slew .

124.A merge cu viteza.Spell .Vorbesti engleza? Speak out.Spoken .Las-o moarta! Treaca! He slid the stolen watch into his pocket . a accelera Speed up! Step on it! .Grabeste-te! Calca acceleratia! Cars sped by .Smelt/Smelled . it smells.Spelt/Spelled .Smell . 126. Fifi ce mai face? 597.Slit . 596. .Slit .Smelt/Smelled . nu te-auzim! Speaking of pets.A vorbi She spoke at the gathering . don't be afraid! . .Sped/Speeded .Vorbeste cu curaj. miroase.A alunecat pe gheata si si-a rupt mana Let it slide! .Si-a bagat ceasul furat in buzunar.Toti trebuie sa ne oprim cateodata si sa mirosim trandafirii.A mirosi We must all stop sometimes and smell the roses .Speak .Arunca branza asta.A taia cu o lama (nu cu un foarfece) Cuvantul uzual pentru a taia e to cut He got life in prison for slitting his neighbor's throat . we can't hear you .A vorbit la adunare They are not on speaking terms . how's Fifi? .Nu isi vorbesc I speak in their name .Slit . 123. nu-ti fie frica! Speak up.Vorbeste mai tare.Masinile treceau in viteza 598.Copiii pe sanie au trecut in zbor He slid on the ice and broke his arm.Speed .Children on a sled slid past . 122.Vorbesc in numele lor Do you speak English? .Spelt/Spelled . 595.A spune un cuvant pe litere . 125. 594.A primit inchisoare pe viata pentru ca a taiat gatul vecinului sau.Sped/Speeded .Spoke . Throw away this cheese.Apropo de animale de companie.

.Cheltuiesti prea mult! How much time do you spend with your family? .Spent . a toarce My great grandmother could spin very well.Spat/Spit . invartind monezi.Split . 601.A se invarti (ca un titirez). . We still have her spinning wheel - Strabunica mea torcea foarte bine. 128. We play football with our fingers.Vrei te rog sa tai pepenele in doua? I will split the cake equally . .Mi-am varsat niste suc pe bluza.Cat timp petreci cu familia? Where will you spend your vacation? .Spune-ti numele pe litere te rog.Spend .Ea spune niste povesti minunate. 130.Jucam fotbal cu degetele.Spin . by spinning coins.Spell out your name. 603.A cheltui You spend to much! .Acest lucru ar putea marca sfarsitul Uniunii Europene.Unde iti vei petrece vacanta? 600. This could spell the end of the European Union .Spill .Split . a imparti Will you please split the watermelon in two? . 127. Inca avem masina ei de tors.Voi imparti tortul in mod egal. She spins wonderful stories . 131.Spilt/Spilled .Nu mai scuipa medicamentele! He is constantly spitting out insults . 129.Spilt/Spilled .Spent . My head is spinning . The beads spilt onto the floor .Span/Spun .A taia.A varsa I spilled some juice on my blouse.Spun .A scuipa Stop spitting out the medicine! .Margelele s-au imprastiat pe podea.Ma simt ametit (mi se invarte capul) 602.El tot timpul arunca (scuipa) insulte.Spat/Spit . please .Spit .Split . 599.

Stood .Va rog sculati-va in picioare.Un flamingo sta intr-un picior.Spread .Stand .Toate locurile din autobuz erau luate asa ca am stat in picioare tot timpul. 133.Sustin drepturile femeilor.Mai e valabila intelegerea? His paintings stood the test of time . They stood by me in tough times .Nu te misca! All the seats on the bus were taken. I stand for Women's Rights .Spread .A sta in picioare Stand still! . . 134.A (se) intinde Would you like to spread butter on your toast? .Spread . 607. She has a spring to her step lately . I can't stand math . An idea sprang into my mind.A sari (din ghemuit. a se strica You spoil that child too much! .Laptele s-a stricat 605.Spring . 132. . A flamingo stands on one leg . The news spread fast .Republica pe care o reprezinta. Please stand up! .Alinti copilul prea mult.Vechea casa inca mai exista Does the agreement still stand? . The old house is still standing . Small stores are springing up everywhere . 606.Tigrul a sarit din tufisuri.Picturile lui au rezistat trecerii timpului.604.Ti-ar place sa intinzi unt pe painea prajita? Please spread out the tablecloth .Stood .Mi-a venit o idee in minte.Se simte o vioiciune deosebita (o bucurie) in mersul ei in ultima vreme.Spoilt/Spoiled .Spoil .Sprung . . . sunt inca celebre.Fa o poza cand vulturul isi intinde aripile. The milk has spoilt .A alinta. The republic for which it stands . 135.Vestea s-a raspandit repede.Ei m-au sustinut in vremuri grele. Take a picture when the eagle spreads its wings.Te rog intinde fata de masa.Nu suport matematica. so I stood the whole time. ca un arc) The tiger sprang from the bushes .Magazine mici apar (ca din senin) peste tot.Sprang .Spoilt/Spoiled .

The door is stuck .Stuck . To strike a bell .Strike . 613.Stridden .O remarca usturatoare.A infipt un bold in perna de ace.Mergea la termnalul aeroportului.Steal . 141.Hai sa ramanem uniti! I will stick a note on his door .Florile din vaze pot in cele din urma sa puta. 139.A lipi. The smoke made my eyes sting . Let's stick together! . 137.608.S-a uitat pe furis 609.Struck .A mirosi urat Flowers in vases can end up stinking .Stride .Am fost odata muscat de o viespe.Stole .Strode/Strided .Mi-a furat portofelul! He stole the show . 140.A bate clopotul . a infige He stuck a pin into the pin cushion .A lovi The bullet struck him in the arm .Mi se pare o persoana de treaba The clock struck midnight .Ii voi lasa un biletel la usa.Usa e intepenita.Stung . 138.Stung . 610.Struck/Stricken .Stolen .Stunk . A stinging remark .Aceasta intelegere imi displace profund (pute) 612. 136.Fumul facea sa ma intepe ochii.A fura He stole my wallet .Stank .Sting . This deal stinks .Stuck .Ceasul a batut miezul noptii.Sunt prins in aceasta slujba plicticoasa.A merge cu pasi lungi si vigurosi A merge se zice to walk He was striding to the airport terminal . I am stuck in this boring job .Stink .Glontul l-a lovit in brat He strikes me as a kind person . He stole a glance .Stick .A fost de departe cel mai bun numar din spectacol. 611.A intepa I once was stung by a bee .

A matura .Trebuie sa-mi acordez chitara They strung an electrical wire across the street.In Evul Mediu multi erau loviti de ciuma.Jur ca n-am mancat tortul He was swearing and cursing everyone around . 143.Sweat .Nu il mai injura! 617.Sworn . a depune un mare efort I strive to be the best teacher . 146.Strung . 615.Transpir din greu (gloante) cand ma antrenez.Trebuie sa pun margelele acestea inapoi pe sforicica.Strive .Swept/Sweeped .Swear .Strung . 145.A jura.Sweat/Sweated . I have to string these beads back. Don't swear at him! .Sweat/Sweated . . In the Middle Ages many were struck down by the plague.The speaker struck a chord in many.Swept/Sweeped . Multe actiuni legate de fire se traduc prin to string.Ma lupt sa fiu cea mai buna profesor. Romania I swear I didn't eat the cake .Sweep .A se zbate (in sens pozitiv).Striven .A transpira I sweat bullets when I work out .Swore .Jur credinta tarii mele.Vorbitorul a atins o coarda sensibila in multi ascultatori. . Strive to reach the stars . I have to string my guitar .String . 142.Strove . 614. a injura I swear allegiance to my country.Ii injura si ii blestema pe toti cei din jur.A insira String e fir.Zbate-te sa ajungi la stele. . 144. .Au intins un cablu electric de-a lungul drumului. . 618. Romania. 616.

147.Swung .Ia-o la stanga si ai ajuns.Swim .Swollen .Swing . Take a left turn and you are there . 149.Swelled . whistling a tune .A inota I swam 50 laps .Fa o poza Take your time .Dealurile coboara pana la mare.Swell .Nu isi leagana bratele cand merge.Am inotat 50 de lungimi de bazin.Let me sweep the kitchen .Swam .Inundatia a maturat totul din calea ei.Ai fata umflata 620. He doesn't swing his arms when walking .Du-te la plimbare .Nu te grabi Take comfort in your daughter .Take .A luat loc Take a picture .A lua Did you take your medicine today? . The hills sweep down to the sea.Swum .Ar trebui sa-ti iei temperatura Take a walk . He took her hand in marriage .El s-a insurat cu ea..Venea vesel pe drum fluierandu o melodie 622.Swung .Taken .Du-te cu autobuzul la scoala His reactions always take me by surprise .Reactiile lui totdeauna ma iau prin surprindere.A se umfla The river is swelling .A (se) legana The monkey was swinging from its tail . . I dream of swimming in money someday .Visez ca intr-o zi sa inot in bani 621.Lasa-ma sa matur in bucatarie The flood waters swept away everything in their path. You should take your temperature . He came swinging down the road. (i-a luat mana in casatorie) He took a seat .Ti-ai luat azi doctoriile? Take a bus to school .Raul se umfla Your face is swollen . 148. 619.Took . 150.Maimuta se legana atarnata de coada.Gaseste-ti consolarea in fata ta.

I'll tell you a secret .Dupa cate inteleg eu. 151.Take a break .Told .Tore .Told .A gandi. Take down the curtains .Cainele s-a repezit la mancare 625.Dupa ce a citit articlul a rupt ziarul in bucati They will tear down this building . 152.Cred ca ai dreptate He thinks he is smart. 153.Think .Spune-mi ce s-a intamplat Tell me about the trip .Teach .Tear .Tell .Thought .A rupe The nail tore a hole in my sock .Nu-mi dau seama cine vine. he's not coming home . 624.Iti dadeai seama daca minte? I can't tell who's coming.Poti te rog sa-mi scoti aceasta aschie? He took off .A invata pe altii Can you teach me English? . .Torn .Spune-ne o poveste! Tell me what happened .Vor demola aceasta cladire.A plecat in graba As I take it. it's too dark.Povesteste-mi despre excursie.Fa o pauza.Cuiul mi-a facut o gaura in ciorap After reading that article he tore the newspaper to pieces .Taught .Da jos perdelele Take off your coat . 623. .Scoate-ti haina Can you please take out this splinter? .Se crede destept. .Taught . I think you are right . e prea intuneric.Ma poti invata engleza? He taught History all his life. .Toata viata el a predat istoria.M-am gandit la ce ai spus. A country torn by rival political parties .Thought . el nu va veni acasa. 626. The dog tore into the food .Iti spun un secret Could you tell if he was lying? .O tara sfasiata de partide politice rivale. a crede I thought about what you said .A spune (cu sensul de a povesti) Tell us a story! . 154.

155.Threw .Ma gandesc la tine.Trodden . .Tread .Understood .A merge infloritor.Afacerii mele ii merge infloritor 628.Iti inteleg punctul de vedere I don't uderstand this theorem .Throve/Thrived .What do you think your doing? .Catelul meu vroia sa arunc mingea.Understand . 160.Si-a varat sabia in dusman 630.Plantei aceea ii merge infloritor la umbra.A necaji.Throw .Understood . My business is thriving . He thrut his sword into the enemy . 627.A vari He thrust his hands into his pockets . 158.Upset .Mergea prin padure cu picioare grele si cu inima la fel.Ce te-a apucat? I am thinking about you .Si-a varat mainile in buzunar. 159.Thrust .Inteleg ca e ceva neasteptat 632.Thrown .A arunca My dog wanted me to throw the ball .Upset . a supara.A dus gunoiul (l-a scos din casa) He threw up .Nu inteleg aceasta teorema I understand this is unexpected. .Thriven/Thrived .Thrive . He threw me a glance .A aruncat mancarea ramasa He threw out the garbage .Thrust . a rasturna .Trod .Thrust . 156.A vomitat 629.A intelege I understand your point of view . a prospera That plant thrives in the shade .Ce faci? (Ce iti inchipui ca faci?) . 631. 157.Upset .Mi-a aruncat o privire He threw away the left-overs.A merge cu pasi grei peste ceva He tread through the forest with heavy feet and a heavy heart .

.Am sa astept pana se duce efectul alcoolului.He upset the vase and it broke .Nu-l mai necaji pe fratele tau Why is he so upset? .Poarta o haina e foarte frig afara He wears glasses .El poarta ochelari I will wait until the alcohol has worn off .A purta On her head she wore a yellow ribbon .Wake .M-am casatorit cu David.to plait hair.Scoala-ma peste-un ceas That moment was for me a wake up call .Wove .Copiii te pot epuiza My car is so worn down I am afraid to drive it sometimes .A trezi Wake me up in an hour .Ne trebuie un preot care sa ne casatoreasca.Ea tese covoare He weaves baskets .Woken . We need a minister to wed us. .Masina mea e atat de uzata incat uneori mie frica sa o conduc 635.Woven . 161. 163.Woke .Purta pe cap o funda galbena Wear a coat it's freezing outside .Wed/Wedded . wake up from the sleep of death .A rasturnat vaza care s-a spart. . I wed David .Worn .Desteapta-te romane din somnul cel de moarte 634.Momentul acela a fost pentru mine unul de trezire.De ce e el atat de suparat? 633. 162. She weaves rugs . Romanian.Wore . Stop upsetting your brother .A tese.M-am casatorit la 20 de ani.El impleteste cosuri The writer wove his memories into the plot .Wed . Children can wear you out .Scriitorul a intercalat amintirile proprii in poveste 636. a impleti A impleti par .Wear .A (se) casatori I wed when I was 20.Wed/Wedded .Weave . 164.

Wound . 640.a suna.Wrote . 166.Wrung . .Wind . Let me write you a check .Au plans cand si-au amintit de toti prietenii lor morti in razboi.A plange amar They wept when they remembered all their freinds killed in the war .A castiga She won the competition . 167.Won . 165.Inca mai uda noaptea patul desi are noua ani.Wet/Wetted .Ne-a scris ca va veni sa ne viziteze Write down what I'm about to tell you .A stoarce A nu se confunda cu to ring (care se citeste la fel) .Wept . 170. 639.Wrung .A (se) incolaci I have to wind my watch . 169.Win .Won . please.Ai sa nimeresti intr-o pestera de urs.Wound .Written .Wept . Her speech won over many listners . . 168.Trebuie sa imi intorc ceasul. .Maina de spalat va stoarce apa.Wet .Sa-ti completez un cec.Scrie ce am de gand sa-ti spun.El scrie poezii.Wring . 642.Umezeste te rog buretele He still wets the bed at night.El isi frangea mainile de disperare The washing machine will wring out the water. 641.Write . 638.A castigat concursul.Unde ma duce aceasta carare ce serpuieste in sus pe munte? You'll wind up in a bear's cave. He was wringing his hands in dispair . .Wet/Wetted . Where does this path that winds up the mountain take me? .Discursul ei a castigat pe multi ascultatori.637.A scrie He writes poems . although he is 9 .A umezi Wet the sponge. He wrote to us that he would come visit .Weep .

taietura (to) drink .a bea/bautura (to) fall . munca 645. ras (to) search a cauta. Adica infinitivul scurt(fara to) al verbului e si ubstantiv. Verbele de mai sus sunt cateva verbe care sunt identice ca substantive.a sprijini. caldura (to) help .a exporta. ura (to) heat .a cadea. bucatar (to) cut . ajutor (to) laugh a rade.a inregistra. plimbare (to) work a munci.a taia. To export .SUBSTANTIV. inregistrare To present .a uri. spate (to) cook . cazatura< (to) fish . Verbe care au aceeasi radacina deobicei au si aceleasi forme neregulate. Multe verbe sunt si substantive.a prezenta. VERB .a gati. export To record . De exemplu: (to) back . peste (to) hate . cuvantare (to) walk a merge. o expeditie de cautare (to) talk a vorbi. ADJECTIV.a pescui. cadou .a incalzi.SCHIMBAREA CATEGORIEI 644.a ajuta. Exista si verbe care se scriu la fel dar ca substantive au accentul altfel decat la verbe.643. put : input : output sau cast : forecast : broadcast sau chiar stand : understand 7.

invatator.a se bucura enjoyment .alergator to act .actor to translate . profesor to run .A polua Pollution .er.ee desemneaza substantive care contrasteaza unul cu celalalt .Comunicare To pollute .economist 649. .tion sau .bucurie 647.ist Substantive provenite din verbe si care reprezinta meserii: to teach .a invata pe altii teacher .er.A comunica Communication .646. a recunoaste Admission .ion Substantive provenite din verbe To comunicate .a traduce translator .Recunoastere 648.a alerga runner . Terminatia .Poluare To admit .a entuziasma excitment . Terminatia .entuziasm to enjoy .a economisi economist .traducator to economize . Terminatia .A admite. Terminatiile . .ment Substantive abstracte provenite din verbe to excite .a juca in piese actor .or sau .

Learning can be tiresome .venire. alerga .ist/ism Ca si in romaneste desemneaza oameni/ideologii marxist/marxism communist/communism terrorist/terrorism 652.alergare.ing Gerunziile verbelor pot fi folosite ca substantive. Terminatia .Sac de dormit . 651.Mancatul toata ziua e periculos Singing is fun .dare. To sleep .Plecatul in vacanta a fost greu Leaving for vacation was hard Atentie! Multe adjective deasemeni au terminatia al arrival .Dormitul e vital pebntru sanatatea noastra - substantiv.plecare In engleza nu exista decat rar aceasta constructie cu . Terminatia .negare burial .al Substantive provenite din verbe: Atentie! In romaneste acest mod de a construi substantive e automat: da .ingropare . Obs: si sleep is vital for our health era corect.al Ea poate fi inlocuita de constructia cu: .refuz denial . veni .ing Plecarea in vacanta a fost grea .Invatatul poate fi obositor. pleca .a dormi Sleeping bag .angajat 650.angajator employee .sosire refusal .Cantatul e distractiv. Eating all day is dangerous .employer . Terminatia .adjectiv Sleeping is vital for our health .

prietenie membership .preotie neighborhood .partenariat hardship .vecibnatate 655. Terminatia . Terminatia .maternitate childhood . Terminatia . friendship .ness Substantive abstracte provenite din adjective: Laziness .onestitate loyalty .calitatea de a fi membru partnership .bunatate Weakness .653.ship Substantive abstracte care desemneaza o relatie si care provin din alte substantive sau din adjective.intunecime 654.hood Creeaza substantive abstracte provenite din alte substantive Mai ales termeni legati de familie (dar nu numai): motherhood .greu (adjectiv.lene Hapiness .fratie dar si priesthood . Terminatia .ty: Substantive abstracte provenite din adjective: honesty .prioritate majority .tristete Kindness . adverb) 656.greutati hard .fericire Sadness .slasbiciune Darkness .copilarie brotherhood .majoritate .loialitate priority .

full of beauty .lunar bodily .full of delight . danger .unui alt adjectiv (red-reddish) .zilnic.tallness) 658. fur .unui verb (red .plin de joyful .full of joy .grijuliu graceful .657.daily . Terminatia .endanger.unui substantiv (tall . Terminatia .ful Adjective provenite din substantive Full of .gratios delightful .full of grace .care tine de corp 660.frummoasa .furry .prietenos monthly .redden. tight . daily .incantator beautiful .ly Adjective provenite din substantive Aceasta terminatie insa este tipica pentru adverbe nu pentru adjective.full of care .al Adjective provenite din substantive: accidental brutal regional universal personal 659.zilnic friendly .cu blana) . Un adjectiv Poate proveni din: . Terminatia . melted) sau poate fi chiar el baza pentru formarea .un verb (fishing.cu fericire careful .un substantiv (day .tighten) .

fara putere faithless .fara credinta meaningless .ical Adjective provenite din substantive .conform obiceiului momentary .istoric 665. Terminatia . it is customary to take your shoes off in the house . joyful.661.de moment.ic Adjective provenite din substantive athletic .un cersetor fara locuinta he is homeless .el e fara locuinta powerless .fara locuinta a homeless beggar .less Adjective provenite din substantive Less . less.fara bani 662.ary Adjective provenite din substantive Sunt legate de o insusire sau de un loc customary . Terminatia .fundamental historic .Aici. este obiceiul de a te descalta in casa 664. Terminatia . joyless 663. Terminatia . ous plentiful.atletic basic .fara homeless .fara sens penniless . efemer Here. Cuvintele terminate in y schimba pe y in i inaintea sufixelor: ful. penniless dar nu daca inaintea lui y este o vocala playful.

pictura de Voronet .bicicleta de munte (montana) football .o mancare de sarmale the Voronet painting .furtuna de zapada snowman .cutie de carton marble statue .raul de padure the emerald forest . Substantive pot fi adjective.statuie de marmura battleship .Unele combinatii sunt consacrate classroom .om de zapada tree branch .sendvis de branza snowstorm .nava de razboi 1.magic logical .magic. Ca orice adjectiv ele trebuie puse in fata substantivului la care se refera.logic historical .sala de clasa apple juice . historic si historical Diferenta este ca historic inseamna important.monitor de calculator mountain bike . magical .minge de picior (fotbal) paper airplane .avion de hartie Altele pot fi facute de vorbitor pentru a preciza despre care substantiv vorbeste: the forest river .suc de mere cheese sandwich .zgarietor de nori (zgarie nori) computer screen .ramura de copac skyscraper .padurea de smarald the office car .istoric 666. monumental pe cand historical inseamna legat de istorie 667. adica pot descrie un alt substantiv. De multe ori ele se folosesc in romaneste cu prepozItia de: cardboard box .masina de birou a sarmale meal .

668.inocent.egoist bluish . Deobicei nu e folosit in sens pozitiv.periculos poisonous .ous glamorous . childish .copilaresc .ca un copil . childlike .planta de casa house plants .gargarita butterfly .albastrui 671.otravitor . Terminatia . 670.esc in romaneste Poate fi folosita si la culori. fara maturitate foolish .prostesc childish .incantator dangerous . dragut lifelike .ish De multe ori are terminatia .copilaresc selfish . Terminatia . Aceste substantive devenite adjective isi pierd caracteristicile substantivale si ca orice adjectiv in engleza nu accepta plural: house plant .simplu.ananas eggplant .in marime naturale.plante de casa. ca in viata ladylike .care e potrivit pentru o doamna godlike .libelula pineapple . Terminatia .asemeni lui Dumnezeu 672. In putine cazuri aceste substantive devenite adjective pot fi cuvinte cu totul noi: ladybug .vanata 669.like Inseamna asemeni Deobicei e folosit in sens pozitiv.fluture dragonfly .

Terminatia .sac de dormit talking movies .the bought apples varza umpluta .ploios a rainy day .El si-a ras barba (aici shaved e verb. Terminatia . a 100 page document .cu blana 674. Unele verbe au doua forme de participiu.y rainy . Ca adjectiv se foloseste forma neregulata.caine care doarme sleeping bag .insorit furry .ing: Adjective formate din gerunziul verbelor sleeping dog .o zi ploioasa funny .filme care vorbesc . Ca si in romaneste adjective pot fi formate de participiul unui verb lacul inghetat (de la a ingheta) .673. descrie o actiune) He is clean shaven . de exemplu: shave are si shaved si shaven.nostim sunny . He has shaved his beard. .o scara de 10 picioare 675.the frozen lake peretele zugravit .un regim de 20 de zile a 10 foot ladder .un document de 100 de pagini a 20 day diet . (shaven e adjectiv) 677. Numeralele deasemeni pot actiona ca adjective In cazul acesta substantivul pierde pe s adica devine la singular.El este complet ras.the painted wall merele cumparate .stuffed cabage 676.

dependent ignorant .ent: Deobicei aceste adjectiv in romaneste au tot terminatia ent excellent . Terminatia .placut reliant . Terminatia .intelept (nu inseamna sensibil) flexible .ible: Deobicei aceste adjectiv in romaneste au terminatia ibil sensible .ignorant vacant .excelent urgent .papagal vorbitor 678.ive: Deobicei aceste adjectiv in romaneste au tot terminatia iv . Terminatia .diferit 681. Terminatia .remarcabil likable .agreabil expandable .placut 679.ant: Deobicei aceste adjectiv in romaneste au tot terminatia ant pleasant .urgent different .able: Deobicei aceste adjectiv in romaneste au terminatia abil agreeable .expandabil remarkable .flexibil accessible . Terminatia .(filmele sonore din epoca cinematografului mut) talking parrot .accesibil 680.vacant 682.

attractive . stau totdeauna in fata adjectivului Astfel de adverbe sunt very . quite .destul de. Adverbul este partea de vorbire care arata o caracteristica a unei actiuni.foarte etc Very poate sa fie si adjectiv cu intelesul de chiar This is the very example I need .Acesta este chiar exemplul de care am nevoie. A doua propozitie putand insemna si ca barbatul respectiv e foarte inalt. Adverbele care determina un adjectiv.foarte. A very big dog .informativ 8.El e cu desavarsire incantat. de loc. Adverbele englezesti se grupeaza in adverbe de mod.creativ secretive .secretos informative . 684.Un caine foarte mare A very rainy day . de timp de frecventa si de scop.O zi foarte ploioasa This is a very tall man . quite de multe ori e folosit ca eufemism pentru very. absolutely . a unei stari sau a unei calitati El determina verbe. Cum ma duc? Degraba este adverb pe langa verbul a se duce. adjective sau alte adverbe. 685.atractiv creative .ADVERBUL 683.Acesta e un barbat foarte inalt This man is quite tall . .Acest barbat e destul de inalt He's absolutely delighted . Un adverb trebuie sa raspunda la una din intrebarile : Cum? Cand? Unde? Ma duc degraba la gara.

he opened the envelope He carefully opened the envelope He opened the envelope carefully El este teribil de trist .atent awfully .L-am intalnit aici We stayed there.teribil A citit incet scrisoarea Toate urmatoarele formulari sunt corecte Slowly.Am stat acolo In aceste doua cazuri. adverbele nu pot fi asezate in alta parte in propozitie. cateodata nu. Adverbe de loc here .He is awfully sad 687. We met him here.acolo behind .pozitia finala(la sfarsitul propozitiei) 686.in spate above . . Ele au trei locuri in propozitie unde e posibil sa-si aiba locul.Adverbele cateodata pot fi puse in multe locuri in propozitie.pozitia de mijloc (intre subiect si verb sau imediat inainte de verbul to be daca e cazul) .incet carefully .pozitia initiala (inaintea subiectului) . .deasupra In general aceste adverbe se pun la sfarsit. .aici there . Adverbe de mod slowly . mai rar se pun si inaintea subiectului. . he read the letter He slowly read the letter He read the letter slowly A deschis cu grija plicul Toate urmatoarele formulari sunt corecte Carefully.

De multe ori il visez.NU se poate respecta deci He went yesterday fishing e GRESIT. In propozitii afirmative locul adverbelor de frecventa depinde de verb . Adverbe de timp now .Acum asculta o poveste Listen to the story now .rareori usually .deobicei Daca verbul este to be si nu este un timp compus.Deobicei ajung la timp.Asculta povestea acum. adverbele de frecventa deobicei se pun dupa be.S-a dus ieri la pescuit .ieri In general aceste adverbe se pun la sfarsit. 690. I often dream of him . He went fishing yesterday .Ieri s-a dus la pescuit. I have never seen this movie . 1. Adverbe de frecventa always . mai rar se pun si inaintea subiectului. In cazul modalelor ca si in cazul verbului to be adverbul de frecventa se pune dupa verb. Constructia romaneasca .Nu am vazut niciodata acest film.acum then .688. Aceasta propozitie da impresia ca yesterday e un adjectiv adica exista un mod de a pescui numit yesterday. La timpurile compuse ele se intercaleaza.niciodata seldom .S-a dus la pescuit ieri Yesterday he went fishing .deja never . La verbele celelalte (exceptand modalele) aceste adverbe se pune inaintea verbului. 689.totdeauna already .atunci yesterday . Now listen to a story . I am usually on time .

 In cazul timpurilor compuse. .  in cazul verbului a fi = to be. Unele adverbe de frecventa pot avea si alte locuri in propozitie  Se pot pune inaintea subiectului. They sometimes find beautiful seashells . may must etc) adverbele de frecventa se pun dupa verb: I can sometimes draw well .El trebuie totdeauna sa vina la sedinta.Cateodata desenez bine. I sometimes need a vacation Sometimes I need a vacation . adverbele de frecventa se aseaza intre auxiliar si verb: I will always remember them .Ea totdeauna canta bine.din cand in cand frequently . occasionally . am nevoie de o vacanta.cateodata  Se pot pune si la sfarsit.ades Cateodata.mereu usually . occasionally .rareori often .deobicei sometimes .Totdeauna imi voi aminti de ei. Observatie: In general nu se foloseste prezentul continuu cu adeverbul de frecventa 691. locul adverbelor de frecventa e dupa verb: I am usually late .Ei cateodata gasesc scoici frumoase  In cazul verbelor modale (ex: can.De obicei intarzii That actor was always funny Acel actor era totdeauna nostim  in cazul celorlalte verbe (exceptand modalele) locul adverbelor de frecventa e in fata verbului: She always sings well.din cand in cand rarely . He must always come to the meeting .

Totdeauna iti dai seama cine canta? Haven't you ever been wrong?.Asculti deseori muzica? Can you always tell who is singing? . 692. Spre deosebire de limba romana in limba engleza nu se fac doua negatii in propozitie.Niciodata nu a mers la scoala He seldom eats alone . He never went to school .rareori nu se folosesc in propozitii negative (propozitii cu not). Adverbe de frecventa in propozitiile interogative Ele se intercaleaza intre subiect si verb. alerg repede Usually I run fast I usually run fast Il vizitez ades I often visit him.rareori. .Nu pot sa te ajut totdeauna. Do you often listen to music? . 694.Nu imi fac intotdeauna temele. rarely . I don't always do my homework.Nu sunt totdeauna fericit. . dupa caz. Adverbe de frecventa in propozitiile negative Ele se intercaleaza intre verb si auxiliar sau intre verb si modal. 3. I can't always help you. seldom .Il vad rareori. I visit him often.Nu te-ai inselat niciodata? . Deobicei. 693. De aceea adverbele never .niciodata. 2. I must never leave the door unlocked . Niciodata nu a cantat tradus se spune Niciodata a cantat: He never sang.Rareori mananca singur I rarely see him .Nu trebuie niciodata sa las usa neincuiata I am not always happy .

In propozitii interogative si negative never devine ever.slow e adjectiv 697.El e inspaimantator de trist.El conduce incet. He drives slowly .El vrea sa uite acea experienta inspaimantatoare. The sudden thump startled me .El e un sofer incet . .sudden(adjectiv) Suddenly. Adverbe de mod Daca un adverb raspunde la intrebarea CUM atunci este adverb de mod.L-ai vazut vreodata? No I have never seen him .nespus de. He wants to forget that frightful experience. frightfully (adverb) . He gave a quick answer . Deobicei aceste adverbe se formeaza adaugand -ly la un adjectiv.pe neasteptate .Nu nu l-am vazut niciodata.quick(adjectiv) The car quiickly turned right . . Have you ever seen him? .695.unexpected (adjectiv) He unexpectedly opened the door . inspaimantator de . (Cum conduce? . No.Zgomotul brusc m-a facut sa tresar .El a dat un rapuns rapid.Deodata mi-am dat seama ca nu il cunosc. I have seldom/rarely seen him 696. sau No I haven't ever seen him.repede .Vizita lui neasteptata a surprins pe tori suddenly (adverb) .A deschis pe neasteptate usa His unexpected visit surprised everybody . unexpectedly (adverb) . I realized I didn't know him .Masina a virat repede la dreapta.Incet) slowly e adverb de mod dar He is a slow driver. Cateva adverbe de mod des intalnite quickly (adverb) .frightful (adjectiv) He is frightfully sad .brusc .

698. Exista un numar mic de adverbe de mod care nu au terminatia -ly

fast - repede
hard - greu
late - cu intarziere
straight - drept
well - bine

He walks fast. - El merge repede
fast poate fi si adjectiv
A fast car sped by. - O masina iute a trecut in viteza

He went straight home - S-a dus drept acasa
straight poate fi si adjectiv
He draws straight lines. - El trage linii drepte

699. Hard este un adjectiv (cu intelesul de tare sau din greu) care
poate deveni hardly ca adverb avand sensul de abia.
Dar poate ramane si hard ca adverb cu intelesul de dificil.
La fel late (tarziu) si lately (in ultimul timp)

He hardly shows up. - Abia il vedem (la lucru)
He works hard. - El munceste din greu.
He arrived late. - A sosit tarziu.
Lately, he couldn't seem to be on time for anything - In ultimul timp,
parea ca nu ajunge la timp pentru nimic.

700. Adjectivul good - bun nu formeaza adverb.
Adverbul este well - bine

Ai facut o treaba buna - You did a good job.
Ai facut treaba bine - You did the job well.

701. Verbul to taste - a gusta cere -ly pentru adverb:
Verbul to taste - a avea gust insa nu cere.
Aceeasi regula se aplica pentru to smell - a mirosi si to smell - a avea
un miros.
Deasemeni pentru to look - a privi si to look - a arata.
Si pentru to feel - a pipai si to feel - a simti.

At the king's orders, the servant obiediently tasted the food - La
ordinul regelui, servitorul ascultator a gustat mancarea
This food tastes fine, he said. - Aceasta mancare are gust normal,
spuse el.

I smell badly - Nu miros bine (Nu am un bun simt al mirosului)
This fish smells bad. - Acest peste miroase rau.

She looked angrily at me - S-a uitat suparata la mine.
She looks beautiful. - Arata foarte frumoasa

The blind man gently felt things with his fingers. - Barbatul orb pipai
usor lucrurile cu degetele
I feel happy we are leaving. - Sunt bucuros ca plecam.

702. Adjectivele care au deja terminatia -ly raman neschimbate ca
advrbe.
Ele nu mai primesc inca un ly. lovely - incantator
lonely - singuratic
motherly - ca o mama
friendly - prietenos
neighbourly - ca un bun vecin.

She sings lovely - Canta incantator (adverb, defineste un verb)
She has a lovely voice - Are o voce incantatoare (adjectiv, defineste un
subtantiv)

He is a lonely man - E un barbat singuratic
That was a lonely walk - A fost o plimbare singuratica

703. Unele adjective care se termina in e, nu primesc - ly ci intai este
indepartat e-ul:
true - truly - cu adevarat
whole - wholly - intreg
nice - nicely
polite - politely

She draws nicely she also paints nice landscapes. - Ea deseneaza
frumos, deasemeni picteaza peisaje frumoase.

a desena frumos - frumos e adverb
peisaje frumoase - frumoase e adjectiv

Your idea is truly good - Ideea ta e cu adevarat buna

704. La formarea adverbului din adjective, daca adjectivul se termina
in - y, inlaturam y-ul si adaugam ily.

crazily - cu nebunie
happily - cu fericire
The actor crazily read his part, waving his arms and shouting at the
top of his voice. - Actorul si-a citit cu nebunie rolul, dand din brate si
strigand cat il lua gura.
The parrot happily flew away - Papagalul a zburat cu fericire in
departari.

705. Daca adjectivul se termina in - ic adaugam -ically.

ironically - cu ironie
enthusiastically - cu entuziasm
He enthusiastically clapped to the music - Cu entuziasm a batut din
palme in ritmul muzicii.

706. Ca si adjectivele, adverbele au grade de comparatie.
Pentru adverbele terminate in -ly se foloseste comparatia cu more si
most:

I can yell, you can yell more loudly than me but he can yell the most
loudly. - Eu pot sa tip, tu poti sa tipi mai tare ca mine dar el tipa cel
mai tare.
desi adjectivul are formele loud - louder - the loudest.

I have a fast car and I want more than a faster car. I want the fastest
car around - Eu am o masina rapida si vreau mai mult decat o masina
mai rapida. Vreau cea mai rapida masina existenta.
We are all healing - Toti ne insanatosim
I am doing well, you are doing better and he is doing the best - Eu ma
simt bine, tu te simti si mai bine iar el se simte cel mai bine.

707. Cand se foloseste mai mult de un adverb, ordinea normala e: de
mod, de loc, de timp,

The old man usually climbed cheerfully upstairs everyday to peer from
the watchtower. - Batranul deobicei urca cu veselie la etaj zilnic ca sa
se uite din foisor.

708. Intensificatorii adverbiali sunt folositi ca emfaza pe langa verbe.
Aceste expresii emfatice se folosesc in engleza formala in cuvantari,
prezentari sau in documente scrise.
Iata cateva din aceste adverbe:

categorically - categoric, fara nicio rezerva
deeply - cu putere in sentiment, profund
enthusiastically - cu entuziasm
freely - fara ezitare
fully - in intregime, fara dubii
honestly - cu sinceritate
positively - fara dubii
readily - fara ezitare
sincerely - sincer, urari de bine
strongly - cu convingere
totally - fara dubii
utterly - fara dubii

9.PREPOZITIA

709. Prepozitiile sunt parti de vorbire care indica legatura temporala
spatiala sau logica dintre substantive, pronume si alte cuvinte din
propozitie.
Sunt invariabile si de cele mai multe ori in engleza stau in fata unui
substantiv.

in dulap - in the cupboard
sub pat - under the bed
acasa - at home (la casa)

710. In englezeste prepozitiile pot fi simple sau compuse, adica
formate dintr-unul sau mai multe cuvinte

on Monday .dimineata in the evening . lunea. at . At night I hear voices.langa (prepozitie compusa) 711.prepozitie de timp  se foloseste pentru a indica o zi a saptamanii sau o zi a anului. . in .in (prepozitie simpla) next to . . I was born on October 13.Ma duc sa-l vad luni.Noaptea aud voci . 712.The toy is in the box and the box is next to the TV set.Voi absolvi in 2014 in an hour .in martie in winter . on .prepozitie de timp  indica luna sau anotimpul  indica perioada din zi  indica anul  indica peste cat timp va avea loc ceva in March .Jucaria e in cutie iar cutia este langa televizor in .seara I will graduate in 2014 .M-am nascut pe 13 octombrie. I will go see him on Monday. .intr-o ora 713.iarna in the morning .prepozitie de timp  Se foloseste in legatura cu noaptea.

din trecut si pana acum. from .714.El s-a nascut inainte de 1980.prepozitie de timp . since .prepozitie de timp  acum (numai legat de timp) Two years ago .Acum doi ani 718. She has been away for two years . I start working from 6 in the evening .Muncesc incepand de la 6 seara. Since World War II many things have changed.prepozitie de timp  Timp de.prepozitie de timp  De la . adica incepand intr-o anumita perioada de timp.A fost plecata timp de doi ani 716. for . .prepozitie de timp  legat de timp inseamna inainte de o anumita data. 715..Inainte sa pleci. before .prepozitie de timp  Dintr-un moment trecut si pana acum. He was born before 1980.De la al doilea razboi mondial multe s-au schimbat. ago .marcheaza momentul de inceput al unei actiuni. 719. to . Before you leave . 717.

I study English from 6 to 7 everyday. Till si until sunt sinonime.are rolul lui si din romana pentru exprimarea timpului: 12 si 10 . 722.Are pana vineri sa-si termine proiectul? Please stay indoors until the storm has passed.Ma intorc cel tarziu la 6.10 past 12 721.Te rog stai in casa pana trece furtuna. .prepozitie de timp  . 10 to 12.  are rolul lui fara din romana pentru exprimarea timpului 12 fara 10..Studiez engleza de la 6 la 7 zilnic. . He has until Friday to finish the project. 720.prepozitie de timp  cel tarziu  pana in I will be back by six.. By June I had learned to ride a bike. . . till/until . by spre deosebire de until indica o data limita . past .Pana in iunie invatasem sa merg pe bicicleta. pana la  fara FROM inseamna pana. 723.prepozitie de timp  impreuna cu FROM formeaza combinatia: dela . by . .

prepozitie de timp  in timpul. 725.prepozitie de timp  over este numai in legatura cu trecutul.patru iulie The First of December .intai decembrie He was born on the the 20th of May.an dupa an.acum peste un secol over time . 727.until este pozitiv. He stayed over the weekend .A stat (la noi) peste weekend..de-a lungul timpului.He has until Friday to finish the project .e in viitor.S-a nascut pe 20 mai. 726. . Cinci si zece I am tired after I run .prepozitie de timp  se foloseste la exprimarea orei  inseamna dupa 10 after five. We talked over a cup of coffee Am stat de vorba la o ceasca de cafea. The Fourth of July . over . In a century from now . during . year after year .Sunt obosit dupa ce alerg.are caracter de avertizare 724. of . over a century ago . after .prepozitie de timp  se foloseste la exprimarea datei. arata tot intervalul de timp in care el poate termina proiectul He has by Friday to finish the project .

prepozitie de loc  in din romaneste  cand actiunea este statica. Obs:Pentru in autobuz. my cellphone rang .In timpul zilei ma joc si in timpul noptii muncesc.In timpul concertului. 730. IN .During the day I play and at night I work.impuscat in brat the most beautiful girl in the land .intr-o  partile corpului se folosesc cu in  se foloseste la superlative.prepozitie de loc  inseamna la Daca actiunea este statica se foloseste at Pentru verbe de miscare vezi to. in Paris. Alte contexte pentru IN Is Margaret in? Este Margareta acasa? Aici in este de fapt adverb.cea mai frumoasa fata din tinut one in a thousand . in Bucharest 729. . shot in the arm . 728.la brat in the sky . in avion vezi on I lost my keys in the car . He's at the railway station . se poate traduce cu intr-un.pe camp.E la gara. arm in arm . I found them in a pocket . He's at the door .Le-am gasit intr-un buzunar. mi-a sunat mobilul.Mi-am pierdut cheile in masina. in tren.El e la usa. .  orasele mari sunt cu IN.pe cer in the field .unul dintr-o mie. AT . During the concert.

internet  autobuz. tren on the table. Pe langa matematica. By. on the radio . BESIDES nu trebuie confundat cu beside. avion. BESIDES .Besides math I also take physics classes.M-am asezat la masa. In the picture.pe masa. radio.pe internet I lost my keys on the bus. my friend is standing by me .la primul etaj on TV . By the odd numbered poplars. in tren 732.prepozitie de loc  Besides poate fi tradus cu pe langa Besides nu are sensul din Pe langa plapii fara sot care este mai degraba by. 731. the chair etc . ON . iau si cursuri de fizica.Sunt la biblioteca. I'm at the library.la TV. pe scaun etc on the left/right .I sat down at the table .la radio on the internet . ..prepozitie de loc  langa.prepozitie de loc  se foloseste de asemeni la etaje  TV.Sprijina-ma (moral)! 733. Stand by me! . on the plane.pe (partea) stanga/dreapta on the first floor . next to si beside sunt sinonime (inseamna acelasi lucru).In poza prietena mea sta langa mine. in avion.Mi-am pierdut cheile in autobuz. BY/NEXT TO/BESIDE . . alaturi. on the train .

furnicile construiesc adevarate orase. BELOW . He is below average . UNDERNEATH . Under construction .atacat.imaginea de mai jos.734. The image below .Aceasta slujba nu este demna de mine. nu ca este neaparat sub un obiect material.sub 0 grade Below the surface seaweed grows in abundance .Sub pamant. The money is underneath the book. Underneath se refera numai la lucruri fizice nu se refera la situatii abstracte.Sub suprafata (apei) algele cresc din abundenta. ants build entire cities.in constructie.arestat. 737.prepozitie de loc  sub Below arata ca ceva este mai jos decat altceva.Banii sunt sub carte. Under atac . 736. 735.prepozitie de loc . Under arest . This job is under me . .prepozitie de loc  sub. . UNDER . The dog is under the table .prepozitie de loc  sub poate avea si sens abstract. OVER .Cainele e sub masa Underground. below zero temperature . Asemanator cu dedesubt. complet acoperit de ceva mare. are acelasi inteles ca under dar subliniaza ideea de ceva mic.El se afla sub medie.

 de partea cealalta.Putin peste un kilometru. I try to stay above these quarrels . de-a curmezisul.Voi intinde patura peste pat The bear went over the mountain .5 grade peste 0.aici. A hole 2 meters across sau 2 meters wide .O gaura cu diametrul de 2 metri. We argued over nothing .prepozitie de loc  deasupra.Ne-am certat pentru nimic.Ursul a trecut peste munte. A little over a kilometer .prepozitie de loc  peste.Peste intelegerea lui. I live across the street . prea destept pentru el. Over are intelesul de asezat peste ceva. THROUGH . I came across an old man in the forest .  peste I will spread the blanket over the bed. Above este opusul lui Below iar Over este opusul lui Under. ACROSS . ABOVE . 740. Over his head .Locuiesc pe partea cealalta a strazii. Over here .Incerc sa raman deasupra acestor certuri. 738. The room above (us). Camera de deasupra noastra. over there .acolo. Walk over the bridge .Treci peste pod (traverseaza podul) He will get over it .Ii va trece. 5 degrees above 0 .prepozitie de loc  prin . . 739.Am dat de/peste un batran in padure. across nu.

I am going to the library. 742. un loc inchis. . Go to your room! .prepozitie de loc  la.Du-te in camera ta (esti pedepsit)! He went deeper and deeper into the forest. Daca ideea nu este ca cineva este intr-un loc anume. The prince was turned into a frog. I walked through the forest .I-a pus sa munceasca pana la epuizare.S-a afundat din ce in ce mai adanc in padure. into exprima patrunderea intr-un spatiu. He turned to me . catre Spre deosebire de AT care arata ca te afli undeva.Merg catre bibliteca. He was nursed back to health .S-a intors catre mine. .Across este o miscare directa (to cross = a traversa).prepozitie de loc  in Spre deosebire de in.A fost ingrijit pana la insanatosire.prepozitie de loc  spre . He went in/into the kitchen to get the salt . TO . 741. In 10 minute voi fi la biblioteca.. I drove through the tunnel. TO arata ca mergi spre acel loc. He worked them to exhaustion . INTO .. se zice to.Am condus prin tunel.Printul s-a transformat intr-o broasca 743.Am mers prin padure.Un raspuns la intrebarea mea. An answer to my question . In 10 minutes I will be at the library .A intrat in bucatarie. TOWARDS . He went into the kitchen. Through presupune ca si prin.S-a dus in bucatarie sa ia sarea.

Miscare intr-o directie dar cu aproximatie.
Take 10 steps towards me. - Fa 10 pasi spre mine.

744. BEFORE - prepozitie de loc

 inainte

He stood before me in line - Era inaintea mea la coada.

745. ONTO - prepozitie de loc

 pe ceva mai sus decat restul

The dog jumped onto the chair - Cainele a sarit pe scaun.

746. ABOUT - prepozitie de loc

 in jurul

There are flowers all about me. - Sunt flori peste tot in jurul meu.

747. WITH

 cu

 in sprijinul

 din cauza, de

I write with my left hand - Scriu cu mana stanga.
He came with a present - A venit cu un cadou.
He left the keys with the neighbors - A lasat cheile cu (la) vecini.
I'm with the peace movement - Sprijin (Sunt cu) miscarea pacifista.
trembling with fear - tremurand de frica.
sick with diabetes - bolnav de diabet.
sick with an infection - bolnav din cauza unei infectii.

748. TO

 cu

 cateodata se traduce cu in

 dupa

 in onoarea

 se foloseste si ca infinitiv fara verb cand verbul se subintelege

face to face - fata in fata
face pressed to the window - fata apasata in (de) geam
They danced to the music - Au dansat dupa muzica.
According to his abilities - Potrivit/Dupa capcitatile lui.
A toast to my guest - Un toast in onoarea musafirului meu.
I'll drink to that - Voi bea/inchina in onoarea acestei idei
Sing if you want to - Canta daca vrei (sa canti este subinteles).
I hurt his feelings but I didn't mean to - L-am jignit dar nu am vrut (sa-l
jignesc se subintelege)
E gresit sa zici: I hurt his feelings but I didn't mean, desi in romaneste
pare corect.

749. TOWARDS

 cateodata inseamna si fata de

Her feelings towards me - Sentimentele ei fata de mine.

750. OF

 ale, de

 in: Doctor of Law - doctor in drept, doctor of medicine - doctor
in medicina etc.

 din partea

Observatie: expresii cum ar fi: Cadoul e din partea lui, din partea
dreapta etc se formeaza cu FROM.
the customs of Romania - obieiurile Romaniei
west of here - la vest de aici
dress of silk - rochie de matase
glass of wine - pahar de/cu vin,
they were dying of hunger - mureau de foame
how nice of him! - ce dragut din partea lui

751. OFF

 de pe, din

I got off the bus/the train/the boat/the plane - M-am dat jos din
autobuz/tren/vapor/avion.
I raised the book off the floor - Am ridicat cartea de pe podea.
Take this burden off my back - Ia-mi aceasta greutatea din spate.

752. OFF se poate folosi si in alte contexte:

He drove off - El a plecat cu masina.
He dozed off - a atipit
He shaved off his beard - si-a ras barba.
Turn off the light/the radio! - Stinge lumina/radioul!
I took my clothes/socks/hat/shoes off - Mi-am scos
hainele/ciorapii/palaria/pantofii.
The show/wedding etc is off. - Spectacolul/nunta etc nu se mai tine.
We're off to see the wizard! The wonderful wizard of Oz! - Am plecat
sa-l vedem pe vrajitor! Pe minunatul vrajitor din Oz!
I'm off duty - Sunt in afara programului

753. OUT OF:

 (afara) din

He got out of the car - A coborat din masina.
What is the wooden statue made of? It's made out of wood, silly! - Din
ce e facuta statuia din lemn? E facuta din lemn, prostavanule!
He did it out of spite - A facut-o de ciuda.
Out of town by sundown - Afara din oras pana la apusul soarelui.

754. ABOUT

 despre

 aprximativ

A book about parrots - O carte despre papagali
That happened about a year ago - Asta s-a intamplat cam acum un an.
He is about my age/height/weight - El este cam de
varsta/inaltimea/greutatea mea.

755. ABOUT TO

 pe punctul

I was about to miss the train - Am fost pe punctul sa pierd trenul.

756. BETWEEN

 printre, dintre, intre:

Totdeauna se foloseste BETWEEN in cazul a doua optiuni si nu
AMONG.
This is between you and him. - Aceasta problema este intre tine si el.
The choice between good and evil - Alegerea dintre bine si rau.
I talked on the phone between classes - In perioada dintre cursuri am
vorbit la telefon.

757. AMONG:

 printre, dintre, intre.

AMONG spre deosebire de between arata apartenenta
Daca sunt numai doua substantive implicate folositi between.
He is among the winners - El se afla printre castigatori.
The money was divided among the winners. - Banii s-aui impartit intre
castigatori.

.La aparatele walkie-talkie: Convorbire terminata The movie is over .O scrisoare de la matusa mea. 761.Luand o carte din cutie.Fetita s-a urcat pe umerii tatalui ei. . I too want to go with those two . OVER  are si intelesul de terminat Over and out .Statuia este pe un piedestal. .758. . . The statue is upon a pedestal . It is 100 kilometers from here.Filmul s-a terminat 760. He collapsed from all the hard work.Si eu vreau sa merg cu cei doi. UPON  pe.Am venit pe jos acasa de la scoala. I walked home from school .Este la 100 de mile de aici.Ea stie binele de rau. Taking a book from the box .Fie mania lui Dumnezeu asupra ta! The little girl climbed upon her dad's shoulders. A nu se confunda TO cu TOO care inseamna DEASEMENI sau cu TWO care inseamna DOI. asupra The wrath of God be upon you! . Combina up si on. 759. FROM  de la  datorita  de A letter from my aunt.S-a prabusit datorita (de la) muncii istovitoare She knows right from wrong .

Eu sunt imalt dar tu esti mai inalt It was late so I left .SO Anne and Jane go to a movie .Sunt constient de acest fapt. substantive cu substantive.In care clasa e? What are you talking about? .Apa si uleiul nu se amesteca Do you want ham or cheese? .AND sau . Which class is he in? .762. Conjunctiile leaga cuvinte de acelasi tip gramatical. se folosesc la fel ca in romana si sunt si .Era foarte tarziu asa ca am plecat I was hungry so I ate .(Despre) ce vorbesti That is something I am aware of .Banii nu au fost explicati.Mi-era foame asa ca am mancat 764. ALTHOUGH/THOUGH  desi in alte contexte are intelesul de totusi sau desi .Anne si Jane merg la film Water and oil don't mix .De-acolo vin The money was not accounted for .Vii sau pleci? I can't skate but I can ski . 10.BUT deci (asa ca) .Acolo ma duc That's where I'm coming from . Vorbitorii nativi de multe ori pun prepozitii la sfarsitul frazei ceea ce poate incurca pe un strain: That's where I'm going to. Verbe cu verbe. Cele mai simple conjunctii.CONJUNCTII 763.Vrei sunca sau branza? Are you coming or going? .OR dar . I am tall but you are taller . .Nu pot sa patinez dar pot sa schiez.

Although it is late I am still at work .fericita ca o ciocarlie etc Do as I do .Nu pot sa vin desi mi-ar placea 765.Pe cand citeam lectia a devenit mai usoara. As I read on the lesson became easier . AS  ca  pe cand  asa cum as .. bate din palme sau Atunci bate din palme ..la fel de . Daca esti vesel.dragut ca un nasturas. I would like to though. I can not come. clap you're hands.Ia-ti haina pentru ca este frig afara 767. clean as a pack of new pins .atunci If you are happy..Fa ca mine. ca as cute as a button sau cute as a button .. . mi-ar placea totusi (sa vin).Nu pot sa vin.Nu poate veni asa cum bine stii.Desi este tarziu sunt inca la birou. daca.Then clap your hands. . He cannot come as you well know .. BECAUSE  pentru ca Take your coat because it's cold outside . happy as a skylark .as . 766.curat ca un pachet de ace noi.. IF  daca. I can not come though I would like to .

Eu sunt mai inalt ca tine.. ca I am taller than you. 769. THAN  decat. UNLESS  decat daca Don't answer the door unless it rings three times.Sa nu raaspunzi la usa decat daca suna de trei ori.Mai bine mai tarziu decat niciodata 771.De cand inoti? De cand aveam sase ani.. The boy is sad since his parrot flew away. .768. SINCE  are si intelesul de cum  din Since you know everything.Baiatul este trist de cand i- a zburat papagalul. Since when do you swim? Since I was six. 770. Better later than never .Cum tu le stii pe toate nu iti spun. . She has been skiing since childhood .Ea a schiat din copilarie. . I won't tell you . SINCE si SINCE WHEN  de cand SINCE nu se foloseste la interogativ La interogativ se foloseste SINCE WHEN.

un pic. acolo unde Where are my eyeglasses? . Stay with us for a while . atunci cand When you buy food. WHEN  cand.772. 775.. always check the expiration date. . Whistle while you work . He stays in hotels where rooms are cheap.Fluiera in timp ce muncesti.Sunt din Bucuresti 774. . Cand a plecat? ..Acolo unde i-ai lasat.De unde esti? I am from Bucharest .Sta in hoteluri unde (in care) camerele sunt iefine. 776. BOTH . WHERE  unde..(She left) when the phone rang. . He stays where rooms are cheap.FROM?  de unde Where are you from? . When did she leave? . 773. .Cand cumperi mancare totdeauna verifica data expirarii.(A plecat) atunci cand a sunat telefonul..Stai cu noi un pic. WHERE. AND .El sta acolo unde camerele sunt ieftine. WHILE  in timp ce Tot while poate fi si substantiv cu intelesul de putin timp.Unde imi sant ochelarii? Where you left them.

Complimentul determina predicatul. ..  atat..Sau iti ceri scuze ca ai spart vasul sau il cumperi. EITHER . OR  sau. NOR  nici .. NEITHER . BUT ALSO  nu numai.. NOT ONLY . Raspunde la intrebarea ce? Ce joc? Sah. Sah este compliment direct . 11.. El este de urmatoarele tipuri..ORDINEA CUVINTELOR 780. I'll neither apologize nor will I buy it.cat si Both his dog and his cat sleep on his bed .. ....Atat cainele cat si pisica lui dorm la el in pat.ci si Not only was I pushed but I also hit myself when I fell over the vase. - Nu numai ca am fost impins ci m-am si lovit cand am cazut peste vas. 778. Compliment direct Eu joc sah. 779. nici nu imi voi cere scuze nici nu il voi cumpara.sau Either you apologize for breaking the vase or you buy it....nici No.. 777.Nu.

Bunica este compliment indirect. Compliment de loc Eu joc sah in fata blocului Raspunde la intrebarea Unde? Unde joc? In fata blocului. .Complimentul indirect Eu joc sah cu bunica. . Compliment de mod Eu joc sah bine Raspunde la intrebarea Cum? Cum joc? Bine.Oamenii care sunt vecinii mei citesc o poveste fetitei. Daca exista si un complement indirect acesta vine dupa complimentul direct daca se foloseste prepozitia to. pe ce?. The people who are my neighbors are reading a story book. I am reading � Eu citesc I am reading a book � Eu citesc o carte.Oamenii care sunt vecinii mei citesc o carte.Oamenii care sunt vecinii mei citesc fetitei o poveste. Raspunde la una din intrebarile: (cui?. 782. Raspunde la intrebarea Cand? Cand joc? Zilnic. 781. cu ce?. Subiectul vine in fata predicatului iar complementul direct si complementul indirect vin dupa predicat. Compliment de timp Eu joc sah zilnic. Aceasta ordine se pastreaza si in cadrul propozitiilor din fraza. cu cine?. sau The people who are my neighbors are reading the little girl (complement indirect) a storybook(complement direct) . despre cine? despre ce? etc) Cu cine joc? Cu bunica. Daca NU se foloseste TO complementul indirect vine INAINTEA complimentul direct The people who are my neighbors are reading a story book (complement direct) to the little girl (complement indirect).

oamenii care sunt vecinii mei citeau o poveste fetitei. Sometimes the people who are my neighbors read a storybook with the little girl. last month . Daca nu exista vine direct dupa predicat.azi.Cateodata.. Iata un exemplu care nu cere to (nu raspunde la intrebarea cui?) The people who are my neighbors are reading a storybook with the little girl . Daca nu exista compliment direct (a storybook) este obligatoriu sa se puna TO cand complimentul indirect raspunde la intrebarea cui? The people who are my neighbors are reading to the little girl - Oamenii care sunt vecinii mei citesc fetitei. Never si hardly au urmatoarea regula de inversare a subiectului cu predicatul.luna trecuta. the people who are my neighbors would often read a beautiful storybook to the little girl in the park in the evening. 785.anul trecut.Luna trecuta oamenii care sunt vecinii mei deseori citeau cu voce tare o frumoasa poveste fetitei seara. Yesterday. iar adverbele de frecventa se intercaleaza la verbe Last month. oamenii care sunt vecinii mei citesc o poveste cu fetita. oamenii care sunt vecinii mei citesc cu voce tare o poveste fetitei seara. .anul viitor etc) se pun la inceputul frazei Orice altfel de compliment vine dupa complimentul direct daca acesta exista. today . 784. 786. the people who are my neighbors were reading a storybook to the little girl. last year .Oamenii care sunt vecinii mei citesc cu fetita.Cateodata. Alte reguli: adjectivele se pun inaintea substantivelor. . Se zice: I have never heard such beautiful stories sau .Ieri.br> Sometimes the people who are my neighbors read a storybook out loud to the little girl in the evening .783. next year . Adverbele de timp cu caracter precis (yesterday ieri. in park. tomorrow .maine.

. in trecut.propozitia secundara Aici si in engleza si in romana ambele propozitii sunt la trecut si se respecta concordanta timpurilor.CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR 788. verbul din propozitia secundara nu poate fi decat la un anumit timp. Inversiunea in cazul lui if Cand se face o inversiune if cade. structura numita concordanta timpurilor. . Insa daca spunem: El a zis ca face bine.Never have I heard such beautiful stories. If I had known the truth sau Had I known the truth. De exemplu: Eu mancam cand tu ai venit acasa. 12. In englezeste timpul unui verb (trecut. .Niciodata nu am mai auzit povesti atat de frumoase I could hardly believe my ears sau Hardly could I believe my ears. Daca am vrea sa spunem ca mai demult era bine spunem: He said that he had been well. prezent sau viitor indiferent ca e continuu sau nu) trebuie sa urmeze o anumita structura in cadrul frazei.I was eating when you came home. Cand mancam? Cand tu ai venit acasa. .Abia-mi puteam auzi urechilor. Aceasta spune ca in functie de timpul verbului din propozitia principala. Pentru romani o asemenea exprimare da impresia ca facea bine inainte sa fii zis acest lucru. dar in engleza constructia este : He said that he was well. in romaneste nu se respecta structura ceruta de concordanta timpurilor Concordanta in engleza cere sa spunem El a zis ca facea bine. 787. .

793. in secundara verbul poate fi la orice timp prezent trecut sau viitor dupa context. numit in acest context si Future in the Past) 791. Daca secundara exprima un adevar absolut .789. . He says that he is a student He says that he was a student He says that he will be a student He will say that he is a student He will say that he was a student He will say that he will be a student 790. Daca in principala verbul este la prezent sau la viitor. Daca principala este la conditional trecut atunci secundara este la mai mult ca perfectul I would have gone there if I had had a passport. Daca in principala verbul este la trecut in secundara verbul va fi la un timp perfect (aceste timpuri au legatura cu trecutul) He said that he was a student: El a spus ca este student Traducere exacta: El a spus ca era (a fost) student (Past Tense) He said that he had been a student: El a spus ca el era student Traducere exacta: El a spus ca fusese student (Past Perfect) He said that he would be a student: El a spus ca va fi student Traducere exacta: El a spus ca ar fi student (Conditional.M-as fi dus acolo daca as fi avut pasaport. Daca principala este la conditional prezent atunci secundara este la trecut (past tense) I would go there if I had a passport: M-as duce acolo daca as avea pasaport 792.

He hoped that he might get another chance. after atunci secundara se pune la prezent. .Spera sa mai primeasca o sansa. You will know when I am done (NU will be done) .A recitat poezia care e cea mai lunga din lume . . until. .Locuia intr-un oras unde toti oamenii calaresc cai. before.(si nu that I liked) 796.He said that global warming is happening for real: A spus ca incalzirea globala se intampla cu adevarat.nu was the longest 794. da o explicatie sau face o comparatie.Vei sti cand am terminat . .S-a dus la Brasov pentru ca e de acolo They said that old cars are best. secundara dupa cum am vazut poate sa fie la orice timp. daca secundara a fost introdusa cu that. . He lived in a town where everybody rides horses. DAR daca este introdusa prin when. Daca secundara descrie un loc. . He went to Brasov because he is from there. He hopes he may get another chance: Spera sa mai primeasca o sansa. sau (fara may si might) He hoped he got another chance.nu was happening They recited the poem that is the longest in the world. Daca secundara joaca rolul de adjectiv (este o propozitie atributiva) de exemplu: Elevul a compus o poezie care imi place foarte mult: The student composed a poem that I like very much. Daca principala este la viitor. 797.Ei au spus ca masinile vechi sunt cele mai bune 795. May din secundara se transforma in might la trecut.

801.  Daca atunci cand povestim ce a spus Alice suntem in aceeasi zi si langa masina spunem: Alice said (that) she wanted to buy this car tommorow. if (daca). I wish I was younger: Imi doresc sa fiu mai tanar It is time you stopped feeling sorry for yourself: Este cazul sa nu-ti mai plangi de mila.. Aceasta este vorbirea directa.As avea masina mea daca as avea 18 ani. este cazul) si wish that (a dori sa) sunt urmate de secundare la trecut. it is time (este timpul. Principalele care contin as if (ca si cum). . Vorbirea indirecta se introduce prin that (ca in romana. Daca principala este la conditional prezent si secundara contine verbul ito be acesta devine were la toate persoanele. I would have my own car if I were 18. . 800. She plays the violin as if her life depended on it: Canta la vioara ca si cum ii depinde viata de asta (altfel isi da duhul).Alice a zis ca vrea sa cumpere masina asta maine. if only(doar daca). Sa presupunem ca Alice zice: I want to buy this car tomorrow: Vreau sa cumpar masina asta maine. . 798.Voi sta aici pana se opreste ploaia.I will stay here until the rain stops (NU: the rain will stop) . 799.) Dar acesta poate lipsi.. Alice a zis ca vrea sa cumpere masina asta maine este vorbire indirecta Asa cum rezulta din aceasta constructie acest gen de fraza cere intotdeauna atentie sporita la concordanta timpurilor. Alice a spus ca.

i (pig). u (bug) se numesc vocale scurte. Iata o lista de schimbari care pot fi necesare la vorbirea indirecta:  this devine that  these devine those  now devine then  tomorrow devine the next day  today devine that day  yesterday devine the day before  ago devine before  next week poate deveni last week 13. Alice told me.. e (hen)... Urmatoarele sunete a (cat) . 802.. o (dog).) se inlocuieste verbul to say cu to tell ..REGULI DE ORTOGRAFIE ENGLEZA 804. Daca vrem sa spunem Alice said to me that.. .  Daca suntem in viitor si nu langa masina spunem: Alice said that she wanted to buy that car the next day. 803. (Alice mi-a spus mie. In loc de that putem zice the one I told you about sau doar the car etc ca si in romaneste.

fine. Engleza contine 8 diftomgi care se pronunta in urmatoarele cuvinte: day .a inota same .nu brown . In romaneste oa (soarta) este diftong.lectie class .tur no . fuse se numesc vocale lungi.805.zi sky . Pete.moale seat .mai repede loose . SS .a vedea sky .larg use .jucarie beer .bere bear .urs tour .cer toy .samanta Litera s la mijlocul cuvantului se citeste fie s: faster .se pronunta s si este la mijocul sau la sfarsitul cuvantului: lesson . Diftong este un sunet format din doua sunete care se citesc odata.la fel to see .cruce .maron 807. [su] sunt tratate separat.cer soft . Litera S La inceputul cuvantului se citeste intotdeauna ca pe romaneste: to swim .folosinta Fie se citeste Z Cazurile [si]. bone.scaun seed . Sunetele vocalice din made.clasa cross . 806.

inaltare 810.a incapsula 811. works .harti Fie [iz] dupa s. tch. ge. cats .munci. i.desert scissors . Pluralele sau terminatiile verbale s si es se citesc Fie s daca vin dupa sunetele (nu literele): f. x.bicicleta.psalm psychology .telina malice . C se citeste s inainte de: e.address . maps .p: laughs . dge.a poseda 808.cadavru to incapsulate .cinematograf cyanide .cianura bicycle .centru celery . Combinatiile sce si sci se citesc tot S: science .psihologie in interior se citeste ps: corpse .rasete. t.cerc cinema . .stiinta ascent . sh Fie z in celelalte cazuri. z.mai mic to caress .pisici. 809. staffs .a mangaia Exceptii dessert . ch.adresa less .foarfece to possess .toiege. Tot S se citeste si combinatia ps la inceputul cuvantului psalm . k.rautate circle . y center .

cer napkin . un diftong sau dupa o consoana.pisoi kettle . class.a omori Daca K la inceputul cuvantului este urmat de un n. record.a sti 813. si vine dupa o vocala scurta se inlocuieste cu ck to pack ..uite book .bolnav dock .camion Daca vine dupa o vocala lunga. corn.genunchi to know . crab. accord.schelet sky . calculate. u si inaintea consoanelor cat.servetel 814. Litera C Se poate citi si c nu numai s. .carte beak . Litera K Daca este la sfarsitul cuvantului.cioc skeleton . I. Sunetul C K la inceputul cuvantului se citeste c daca nu este urmat de un n kitten . Aceasta regula este valabila si pentru CC inaintea vocalelor a.a impleti knee .CC se citeste [CS]. Y.a saruta to kill .ceainic kitchen bucatarie to kiss . o.biscuit sick .812.cutit to knit . u account.debarcader truck . occur. Inaintea vocalelor E. nu se aude K knife . o. Aceasta inaintea vocalelor a.a impacheta cracker . k nu se schimba look .

c totdeauna se citeste c. Combinatia TCH reprezinta acelasi sunet ca si ch tipic kitchen .copil El mai poate reprezenta sunetul c dupa cum am vazut sau sunetul s (din soarece) in cuvinte de origine frantuzeasca (chic.analitic historic . Literele CH Reprezinta sunetul c in cuvinte de origine greaca sau latina: mechanic .bucatarie to catch .Ca terminatie in combinatia ic.tehnic physique . chemistry - chimie 817. Sunetul CH Aceasta combinatie tipic reprezinta sunetul ch din multe cuvintelor englezesti cum ar fi: chair . QUE in cateva cuvinte se citeste la sfarsit C unique .biserica child .fizic 816. Combinatia TU e foarte aproape de ch tipic .bogat church .unic technique . champagne) 818.scaun rich .monarhie. analytic .mecanic. school .a prinde 819.istoric 815.scoala. monarchy .

manie singer . o. Sunetul G Litera G se citeste G inainte de vocalele a. Literele GH Se pronunta G numai la inceputul cuvantului: ghost . Cuvinte in care se citeste F: to laugh . suggest Unele cuvinte au terminatia GUE. in altele se citeste j [dz].depature .desi through . niciodata GU: tongue .aspru . grey. fig. u si inainte de consoane. Exceptii exaggerate. bag. cu exceptia lui h God.fata to get .ramura.prin bough . beg. Cuvinte in care se citeste g: girl . wiggle. grass. fog.a rade rough . glass.cantaret finger .limba. Cuvinte in care nu se citeste: though . egg.natura century .deget Daca incheie cuvantul G totdeauna se citeste G: dog. gold. game.stafie ghetto . In unele cuvinte inainte de E si I se citeste g.plecare nature . GG in general se citeste g: giggle. kangaroo. guy.secol 820. singular. vague - vag 821.a lua goose .gasca anger .ghetou La sfarsitul cuvantului aceasta combinatie sau nu se citeste sau se pronunta F.

Combinatia GHT Este alta combinatie des intalnita.general giant .pod judge .urias gin .girafa Se citeste totdeauna j(joy) inainte de y: gypsy .pijama 825.tigan gym .tocmai pajamas .bland general . si altele.Egipt 824.gin (rachiu) giraffe . in care GHT se citeste FT: laughter 823.822.judecator edge .avion cu reactie just .inaltime weight . La sfarsitul cuvintelor adeseori se foloseste DGE dupa vocale scurte bridge . putine.greutate. Sunetul dat de litera J(joy) Litera G se citeste ca joy in unele cuvinte inainte de E si I: gentle .margine badge . Ea pastreaza regulile lui GH anume Sunt cuvinte in care combinatia GH nu se aude si GHT se citeste T thought . La inceputul sau la mijlocul cuvintelor se foloseste de multe ori litera J: joy .insigna .gand height .bucurie jet .sala de fitness Egypt .

GE: cottage. visual .miraj montage .placere 830.montaj 828.lejer pleasure . manage apare oriunde in cuvant si este si parte din terminatia des intalnita age. Sunetul ZH (j romanesc) Combinatia GE in cazul unor cuvinte de origine straina: garage . Se citeste j(joy) cu exceptia unor cuvinte de origine straina: garage. Sunetul ZH (j romanesc) Literele SU se citesc ca acest sunet.tusit enough .garaj mirage .raset cough . erosion . Sunetul ZH GH se citeste F la sfarsitul unor cuvinte laugh .destul .vizual leisure .eroziune explosion .badger . (se citeste si garaj) 827.viziune 829.a se foi 826.explozie vision .bursuc to fidget . Sunetul ZH (j romanesc) Literele SI se citesc ca acest sunet.

oferta cuff . bluff .sampon she .a afirma offer .simfonie 833. Sunetul S (ca in scoala) Cel mai ades acest sunet este reprezentat de combinatia SH to shine . Combinatia CH poate fi citita s (scoala) in cuvinte de origine frantuzeasca chic .831. f se dubleaza to affirm .adapost 834.manseta muff .dupa safe .sic chef .sef mustache .mustata .fisier after .fotografie alphabet .peste shampoo .alfabet symphony .cacealma 832.ea shelter . Sunetul F Combinatia PH reprezinta sunetul F photo .aripioara (de peste) scarf . Sunetul F De cele mai multe ori este dat chiar de consoana F file .batic Daca vocala inainte de f este scurta si dupa f fie vine inca o vocala sau se termina cuvantul.manson.a straluci fish .siguranta fin .

sectiune insa nu static .comprehensiune insa nu in cuvintele: sick .delicios social .extensiune conprehension .misiune extension .bolnav rasin .presiune tissue .a negocia patient .stafida 837.static tiara . Combinatia TI poate fi citita s (scoala) to negotiate . Combinatia SU poate fi citita s (scoala) sugar .835.social 836. X .zahar sure .oposum 839. Combinatia SI poate fi citita s(scoala) mission .tesut insa nu sun .sigur pressure .magician delicious .soare opossum .pacient section .tiara 838.reprezinta sunetul X Ca si in romana: . Combinatia CI e citita s (scoala) magician .

z.a exhuma to exhale .a folosi 843.trandafiri . tch. I.expozitie gz: to exhaust . XH se citeste cateodata tot X H nu se aude cs: exhibition .exercitiu to explain . ge. x.a iesi 840.a explica extreme . Combinatia ES Dupa s.CS: exercise . Sunetul Z Litera S de multe ori reda acest sunet.exact example . ch.trandafir to lose . Combinatia CC inaintea vocalelor E. sh se citeste [IZ] classes .extrema export .a reusi 842.clase roses .accident to succeed .a epuiza H se aude to exhume .a expira 841. dge.a amesteca GZ: exact . rose .export to mix .exemplu to exit .a pierde to use . Y Se citeste [CS] accident .

lenes quiz .zero zoo .zebra zero . In cateva cuvinte grecesti litera X se citeste Z xylophone .duzina lazy .poduri dishes .extemporal puzzle . Deasemeni in cele cateva cuvinte in care apare combinatia TZ ea se citeste ts: waltz . mozzarella.xilofon 845.farfurii fixes .xilofon xenfobia .prizes .chibrituri oranges . Litera Z se citeste Z in practic toate cuvintele Literele ZZ se citesc tot Z In foarte putine cazuri z si zz se citesc ca in limbile din care provin cuvintele respective: pizza.xerox . repara 844.zoo exceptie xylophone . Nazi.enigma etc muzzle .teste matches . La inceputul cuvantului sunetul Z este aproape totdeauna reprezentat prin litera Z zebra .xenofobie xerox .premii quizzes . Mozart.vals blitz .blit (aparat foto) dozen .botnita 846.portocale bridges .

lk dupa a se citeste k talk . .plimbare altfel se citeste lk milk .lapte bulk .insecta dumb . O vocala singura aflata la sfarsitul cuvantului se citeste ca vocala lunga. mb la sfarsitul cuvantului se citeste m: comb .gras cat .a scrie to wring .lamb 848.prost Exceptie comb .conversatie walk .gaina men .inceietura mainii 849.testament hot .caine bug .fierbinte dog . wr la inceput se citeste r to write .in masa 850.a stoarce wrist .pisica hen .847.pieptan 851.barbati big .mare will . Cand intr-un cuvant exista o singura vocala si aceasta nu se afla la sfarsitul cuvantului se citeste ca vocala scurta fat .pieptan miel .

abuz exceptii scare .a jura said .read .unii sure . Cand doua vocale diferite sunt alaturate deobicei prima se citeste ca vocala lunga iar a doua nu se citeste rain .grasan skinny .sigur 853.nu go .spaima some .maron 854.a citi bread .trisor dar sunt destule exceptii de la aceasta regula read . fatty .joaca lied . ea se citeste ca vocala scurta.a mintit cheat .ea he .foc hole .a face cradle .targ cow . Cand un cuvant se termina in e.gaura abuse .mergi 852. Cand o vocala este urmata de o consoana dubla.read .paine to swear .leagan pentru bebelus fire .a zis fair .she .vaca brown .el no .galeata play .slabanog summer .ploaie pail . acesta este mut dar vocala dinaintea lui devine lunga to make .vara .

carte foot . Oo deobicei se citeste u ca in pool .aspirator 856.picior door .bazin fool .a saluta vacuum .engleza americana. Ee si uu se citesc ca vocale lungi to peek . just si yet tocmai am ajuns acasa devine I've just got home .usa 14.engleza americana Aceste diferente exista si in cazul folosirii adverbelor already.a se balbai 855.engleza britanica I just got home .nostim to stammer . In engleza americana present perfect este mult mai putin folosit si este inlocuit de past tense.unealta dar si ca in book .funny .a trage cu ochiul to greet . Am pregatit masa pentru petrecere devine I have prepared the meal for the party .CATEVA DIFERENTE DINTRE ENGLEZA BRITANICA SI AMERICANA 857.prost tool . .engleza britanica I prepared the meal for the party .

1944 august 23.858.got . Substantivele colective Un substantiv care exprima un grup: armata. 1944 861. nu de auxiliar. I have got a farm poate inlocui I have a farm.A fost numit un comitet The committee were unable to agree . stol etc In engleza britanica un substantiv colectiv e la singular (verbul se pune la singular) daca in cadrul propozitiei intelesul e de bloc care actioneaza ca unul si la plural in sens contrar A committee was appointed .got in engleza americana este deseori folosita si forma to get . . in forma sa de verb de sine statator. In engleza americana verbul to have .Comitetul nu s-a (s-au in engleza) putut pune de acord In engleza americana totdeauna aceste substantive sunt la singular The committee was unable to agree . 23 august 1944 In engleza britanica the 23rd of August 1944 In engleza americana august 23rd.gotten 860.Am o ferma 859. de multe ori este inlocuit de have got.got . comitet. Formele verbului to get in engleza britanica to get .a avea. Datele se scriu altfel in engleza britanica fata de engleza americana.

racing car .Vreau sa ajut sa se construiasca casa Can you come see a movie? .raul Tamisa (in Marea Britanie) River Trent . 863.Poti sa vii sa vezi un film? in loc de I want to go to eat I wish to help to build the house Can you come to see a movie? Engleza britanica in schimb zice: I want to go and eat I wish to help and build the house Can you come and see a movie? 864. Prezentam mai jos forma americana. In engleza americana dupa verbe ca to go .doll's house 865.skipping rope .a ajuta se foloseste mult urmatoarea constructie: I want to go eat . In engleza britanica la rauri cuvantul RAU .RIVER se pune la inceput iar in engleza americana la sfarsit.dialing tone . forma englezeasca si traducerea pentru cateva exemple.masina de curse dial tone . to come . The River Thames .a veni si to help .Marea Britanie Mississippi River . din participiu (cu ed) sau genitivul saxon('s). Auxiliarul shall e putin folosit in engleza americana.raul Mississippi (in SUA) Yukon River .a merge.coarda (de sarit) racecar . Iar shan't (forma negativa) nu e folosit deloc in engleza americana.ton (de telefonat) mash potatoes .Canada . jump rope .862.mashed potatoes dollhouse . Engleza americana are tendinta (cateodata) de a taia sufixele adjectivelor formate cu ing.Vreau sa merg sa mananc I wish to help build the house .

savoare. . .metru . Diferenta de cuvinte.color . catalogue .analog.recunoaste. humour . realize .og analogue .humor - umor . Diferente ortografice intre engleza britanica si engleza americana Redam mai jos schimbarile principale de ortografie.culoare.re.or colour . metre .ise. .866.catalog 867. Regulile se aplica pentru orice cuvant (cu unele exceptii). Prezentam mai jos o lista de 40 de cuvinte care difera in engleza britanica fata de engleza americana Engleza Britanica Engleza Americana Traducerea Aerial Antenna Antena Autumn Fall Toamna biscuit cookie fursec bonnet hood capota boot trunk portbagaj braces suspenders bretele . -ize recognise . .realiza .realise .meter . flavour .our.ogue. Diferentele de ortografie sunt cel mai ades vizibile la terminatiile unor cuvinte.recognize .center .centru. nu doar pentru cele prezentate. cu prima varianta fiind cea britanica.er centre .flavor .

chemist's drugstore farmacie the cinema the movies cinematograf cotton thread ata crossroads intersection intersectie curtains drapes perdele dust-bin trashcan caldare de gunoi engine motor motor film movie film flat apartment apartament ground floor first floor parter handbag purse poseta holiday vacation vacanta ill sick bolnav jug pitcher container cu lichid. ulcior lift elevator lift lorry truck camion .

luggage baggage valiza maize corn porumb nappy diaper scutec pavement sidewalk trotuar to peep to peek a trage cu ochiul petrol gasoline benzina postman maiman postas pub bar bar queue line coada rubber eraser guma de sters sweet desert desert timetable schedule orar tin can conserva torch flashlight lanterna trousers pants pantaloni waistcoat vest vesta .

Iata o lista de 20 astfel de cuvinte.LUNILE ANULUI . farsaanticancient 4bucketgaleatabuchetbouquet 5directorycarte de adresedirectormanager 6to entitlea indreptatia intitulato title 7eventuallyin finaleventualpossibly 8fabricmaterial textilfabricafactory 9genialamabilgenialbrilliant 10gustboare de vantgusttaste 11infatuationiubire puternicainfatuareconceit 12librarybibliotecalibrariebookstore 13to mattera contamaterietot matter(substantiv) 14ministerpreot. fiindca insemnau altceva. Exista in limba engleza cuvinte care seamana cu unele cuvinte din limba romana dar care au alt inteles. inselatori. ministruministrutot minister 15parcelpachetparcelalot of land 16physiciandoctorfizicianphysicist 17presentcadou. Cand le intalnim ne bucuram ca le stim dar de fapt suntem pacaliti. prezentprezenttot present 18to realizea-si da seamaa realizato accomplish 19sensibleinteleptsensibilsensitive 20talonghearataloncoupon 16. wardrobe closet sifonier zip zipper fermoar 15. Aceste cuvinte se numesc false friends adica prieteni falsi.FALSE FRIENDS 868. NrFriendTraducereNu inseamnaCare se zice 1actualadevaratulactualpresent 2actuallyde faptactualpresent 3anticgluma.

iunie July .aprilie May .mai June .vara autumn (sau fall).octombrie November .martie April . In December we celebrate Christmas .ianuarie February . Anotimpurile in Engleza Se scriu cu litera mica La anotimpuri se foloseste prepozitia in the cand ne reperim la ceva din cadrul ei.iarna .toamna winter .ANOTIMPURILE IN ENGLEZA 870.august September .septembrie October . 6 si 7) spring . In the spring we celebrate Easter .iulie August .februarie March .noiembrie December .In Decembrie sarbatorim Craciunul.869.Primavara sarbatorim Pastele January .primavara summer .decembrie 17. Lunile anului in engleza Se scriu totdeauna cu litera mare Anotimpurile insa se scriu cu litera mica. altfel nu se articuleaza si e fara in (exemplele 5.

miercuri Thursday . .Si sambata vin sa te vizitez. .Ziua mea de nastere e toamna.  In the winter it snows. 18.luni Tuesday .Iarna ninge  In the summer the snow melts .Voi fi gata pana vineri And on Saturday I'll come visit . .vineri Saturday . Zilele saptaminii in engleza Se scriu totdeauna cu litera mare Se poate folosi cu prepozitia on lunea se zice on Monday sau Monday Monday .ZILELE SAPTAMANII 871.sambata Sunday .Sambetele sunt distractive. Monday is a hard day to stand .Primavara e anotimpul meu favorit.  Winter makes me sad .duminica I'll be done by Friday .  Spring is my favourite season.Iarna ma intristeaza.joi Friday .Primavara zapada se topeste  My birthday is in the autumn .  This summer I will go fishing .marti Wednesday . Saturdays are fun .Lunea e o zi greu de suportat.  I hope fall doesn't come early .Vara asta ma duc la pescuit.Sper ca toamna sa nu vina devreme.

but during the weekend I relax. how are you? . Zilele lucratoare formeaza the workweek . 19. vineri sunt zile lucratoare Saturday and Sunday form the weekend Sambata si Duminica formeaza sfarsitul de saptamana (zilele nelucratoare). Wednesday.Monday Tuesday.Ce mai faci? Greetings . Friday are weekdays Luni. marti. Ce spunem in engleza cand intalnim pe cineva? Intre prieteni Hi Howdy Hey si mai noul: What's up? (Ce se aude?) Politicos Hello Hello.Buna dimineata Good afternoon .Salutari Good morning .Buna seara Cand faci cunostinta cu cineva: Nice to meet you! .Buna ziua (dupa ora 12) Good evening .saptamana de lucru During the workweek I work. miercuri. Thursday.FORMULE DE SALUT IN ENGLEZA 872. joi.

Cum facem urari in engleza? Cheers! .Craciun fericit! Congratulations! .Pa Bye bye .Distractie placuta! Good night .La multi ani! Happy New Year . Ce spunem in engleza cand ne despartim de cineva? Goodbye .Ne vedem mai tarziu Take it easy! .Felicitari! .Noapte buna (daca e noapte) 21.Noroc! (la ciocnitul de pahare) Good luck! .FORMULE DE DESPARTIRE IN ENGLEZA 873.URARI IN ENGLEZA 874.Te prind mai tarziu Have fun! .How are you? How do you do? (rar folosit) 20.Ia-o usor! Take care! .La revedere Bye .Succes! Bafta! Happy Birthday .La multi ani! (de revelion) Merry Christmas! .Pa See you later .Ai grija(de tine) Catch ya later .

.Cu placere Thank you .Noroc!(la stranut) Good luck .Noroc (vezi urari) You're welcome .Multumesc Thanks .Saluta-l pe John din partea mea! That's all right! ..Scuza-ma! Bless you! .Iarta-ma! Excuse me! . please? . Formule de politete si expresii in engleza Formule de politete Say hi to John for me .Nu face nimic I'm sorry! .Ce ai spus? . May you have a fun trip! .Poftim? Expresii Hurry up! ..FORMULE DE POLITETE SI EXPRESII 875.Te rog! Could you repeat that.May you .. .Ati putea repeta? I beg your pardon? .Merci! Please .Grabeste-te! Don't worry! .Fie ca tu sa ai o excursie distractiva! May you have a happy life! .Fie ca tu.Fie ca tu sa ai o viata fericita! etc 22.Nu-ti face probleme! What's that? .

but you can't turn a light in. Cand soarele. luna sau stelele sunt out (afara) ele sunt vizibile. they are visible. dar cand lumina e out (afara) e invizibila (e stinsa) 879.23. but prices go up and come down.ALFABETUL SI CURIOZITATI ALE LIMBII ENGLEZE 876. poti opri o lumina (turn out the light) dar nu poti sa o predai(turn in the light) 878. but when the lights are out. maronie sare peste cainele lenes Curiozitati 877. When the sun or the moon or the stars are out. Engleza e o limba in care poti aprinde lumina (turn on the light) poti stinge o lumina (turn off the light). Soarele vine in sus (rasare) si merge in jos(apune) dar preturile merg in sus(cresc) si vin in jos(scad) . Alfabetul limbii engleze A (ei) B (bi) C (si) D (di) E (i) F (ef) G (gi) H (eici) I (ai) J (giei) K (chei) L (el) M (em) N (en) O (ou) P (pi) Q (chiu) R (ar) S (es) T (ti) U (iu) V (vi) W (dabal iu) X (ex) Y (uai) Z (zi) Urmatoarea fraza engleza contine toate literele englezesti.Vulpea iute. The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog . English is a language in which you can turn a light on and you can turn a light off and you can turn a light out. The sun comes up and goes down. they are invisible.

You have to marvel at the unigue lunacy of a language in which the house burns up as it burns down. Trebuie sa te minunezi de nebunia unei limbi in care o casa arde in sus pe cand arde in jos. Gresit: . pe cand un om intelept si un tip intelept.880. while a wise man and a wise guy are opposites? Cum poate o posibilitate slaba (adica mica) si o posibilitate grasa (tot mica) sa insemne acelasi lucru. In what language do people recite at a play and play at a recital? Ship by truck and send cargo by ship? In ce alta limba oamenii recita intr-o piesa (play) si canta (play) la un recital? 24.GRESELI FRECVENTE IN LIMBA ENGLEZA 884. How can a slim chance and a fat chance be the same. Why are people who ride motorcycles called bikers and people who ride bikes called cyclists? De ce oamenii care merg pe motociclete (motorcycles) sunt numiti bikers iar cei care merg pe biciclete (bikes) sunt numiti cyclists? 881. in care umpli (fill in) un formular. completandu-l (fill out)si un ceas desteptator suna (goes off) dupa trecerea timpului (time goes on) 883. you fill in a form by filling it out and an alarm clock goes off by going on. (cum am zice noi Desteptule!) au sensuri opuse? 882.My sister is doctor .

Gresit: Normally I will be there next Friday. 886.Sora mea e doctor. I like it very much. 885. Gresit: I have told you all what I know. Inainte de meserii in englrza se pune a. e un inginer. 887. is an engineer) etc. I have told you all that I know. I accomplished my plan to go fishing . Aceste verbe se numesc tranzitive si sunt precizate in dictionare. singra exceptie sunt poruncile: Sit down .E zece It is late .Ploua It is 10 . Propozitia subordonata se leaga de principala cu that. nu a realiza.E o idee buna Din aceeasi categorie fac parte: It is raining . .Mi-am realizat planul de a merge la pescuit. an (e un doctor . Gresit: Is good idea It is a good idea . to realize = a-si da seama.to want. Gresit:I realized my plan to go fishing. .Stai jos! 888. Gresit: I like very much.My sister is a doctor . to call sunt exemple de astfel de verbe.E tarziu In engleza trebuie sa avem subiect in propozitie. to like. 889.is a doctor.Imi place foarte multe Unele verbe din engleza necesita un complment direct (raspunde la intrebarea ce? sau pe cine?). Vezi false friends.

Gresit: I am working for Company X. 891. Gresit: Please.I should be able to be there next Friday . nu se mai face si inversiune. would etc) altfel acesta e obligatoriu. I have made a mistake. cum merg in parc? Un numar mic de verbe nu cer do la intrebare sau negatie. Cand actiunea este una uzuala sau repetata se foloseste prezentul simplu. Gresit: I have done a mistake.Iubesc muzica Cand se vorbeste in general. Gresit: Do you know where is my purse? Do you know where my purse is? .. . au venit toti.Va rog. I love music . Except for Andu.Stii unde mi-e poseta? Intrebarea s-a facut deja cu do. 894. should. how I go to the park? Please how do I go to the park? . 893. 892. everybody was there. nu se pune the.In afara lui Andu. everybody was there.Am facut o greseala Anumite actiuni cer verbul to do altele cer to make. could. must. 902. Gresit: I love the music. (to be si modaele: can. Gresit: Except Andu.Lucrez pentru Compania X. . I work for Company X .In mod normal voi veni vinerea viitoare 890.

atunci faceam inversiunea. Folosirea virgulei (the comma) in engleza  In caz de apozitie.Daca ziceam numai: Where is my purse? . 896. o intercalare in propozitie care actioneaza ca o lamurire dar ar putea si sa lipseasca. Folosirea cratimei (the hyphen si the dash) in engleza The hyphen este o liniuta de unire scurta care uneste cuvinte care impreuna formeaza un nou cuvant: up-to-date.  Inainte si dupa ghilimele se pune virgula daca este vorbire directa. . The dash este o liniuta lunga care poate delimita o scurta intrerupere de text.PUNCTUATIA 895. .  Cand e o insiruire. 25.Unde mi-e poseta?. Romania  Explicatiile introductive ca si apozitiile se despart prin virgula. Ultimul adjectiv nu are si in fata.  Intre oras si tara se pune virgula: Brasov.(juxtapunere)  Se pune virgula dupa cazul vocativ.  Intre doua propozitii independente. twenty-one etc. Spre deosebire de romana se pune virgula si inainte de si  Daca substantivul are mai multe adjective ele se depart prin virgula. o schimbare brusca a ideii sau o rasturnare de situatii.

plangere etc 5. 4.Un paragraf de incheiere in care sa precizezi ce masura vrei sa ia destinatarul. Elementele unei scrisori oficiale in engleza 1.Continutul: O fraza introductiva care sa explice scopul scrisorii: cerere. Formula de politete Dear Sir or Madam . Exemple de scrisoare Order . Folosirea punct si virgula (the semicolon) in engleza Se foloseste cand se despartdoua propozitii independente dar inrudite.Scrisoare de comanda 123.Draga Dle sau Dna . 26. Se folosesc pe post de virgula in insiruiri care deja necesita virgule. Adresa proprie . CA .Formula de incheiere: Yours sincerely. atunci se pun ghilimele simple. Folosirea ghilimelelor (quotation marks) in engleza In engleza nu se folosesc linii de dialog asa ca folosirea ghilimelelor e obligatorie.in cazul in care nu stim cine ne va citi scrisoarea Dear Mr X sau Dear Mrs X in caz contrar.se scrie in coltul din dreapta sus 2. Adresa destinatar . Daca in interiorul unui dialog cineva da alt citat.897.Continutul propriu zis. Scurt si la obiedt 6. 7. 3.se scrie pe stanga mai jos de nivelul adresei proprii.Semnatura 900. Yours faithfully etc 8. S Figueroa Str San Francisco.COMPUNEREA UNEI SCRISORI 899. 898.

. Your order has been processed. Regards. La nume proprii nu se pune the in fata. Best wishes. I have sent the amount of . Insa ei se zice her. London's buildings are nice . Mr Anderson Letter of confirmation . Thank you for shopping with us.Cladirile Londrei sunt frumoase. $ to the address specified in the catalogue via Paypal I am hoping I will receive it in two weeks as advertised. 903. Dear Sir. MI 48831 Dear Mr Anderson. We are pleased to inform you that your order for The Encyclopedia of the Living World should arrive on Tuesday. . Exista She's adica She is = Ea este. April 1st If you have any questions or comments feel free to contact us at the phone number provided.. Gresit: The London's buildings are nice.GRESELI FRECVENTE IN LIMBA ENGLEZA 901. I would like to purchase the Encyclopedia of the Living World which I saw advertised in your company catalogue. Gresit: Shes car Her car . Mr Jones 24.Scrisoare de confirmare 123 E Shelby Ave Houghton.Masina ei Nu exista cuvantul Shes.

in fata substantivelor more inseamna mai mult.. nu exista. . More people = mai multi oameni. Gresit: more many Mai multi = more Desi in fata adjectivelor more inseamna mai (more interesting = mai interesant).904. More many.

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