Resolve Paradox

1. The city’s center for disease control reports that the rabies epidemic is more serious now
than it was two years ago: two years ago less than 25 percent of the local raccoon
population was infected, whereas today the infection has spread to more than 50 percent
of the raccoon population. However, the newspaper reports that whereas two years ago 32
cases of rabid raccoons were confirmed during a 12-month period, in the past 12 months
only 18 cases of rabid raccoons were confirmed.

Which one of the following, if true, most helps to resolve the apparent discrepancy between the two
reports?
(A) The number of cases of rabies in wild animals other than raccoons has increased in the past 12
months.
(B) A significant proportion of the raccoon population succumbed to rabies in the year before last.
(C) The symptoms of distemper, another disease to which raccoons are susceptible, are virtually
identical to those of rabies.
(D) Since the outbreak of the epidemic, raccoons, which are normally nocturnal, have increasingly
been seen during daylight hours.
(E) The number of confirmed cases of rabid raccoons in neighboring cities has also decreased over
the past year.

2. Municipal officials originally estimated that it would be six months before municipal road
crews could complete repaving a stretch of road. The officials presumed that private
contractors could not finish any sooner. However, when the job was assigned to a private
contractor, it was completed in just 28 days.

Which one of the following, if true, does most to resolve the discrepancy between the time
estimated for completion of the repaving job and the actual time taken by the private contractor?
(A) Road repaving work can only be done in the summer months of June, July and August.
(B) The labor union contract for road crews employed by both municipal agencies and private
contractors stipulates that employees can work only eight hours a day, five day a week, before being
paid overtime.
(C) Many road-crew workers for private contractors have previously worked for municipal road crews
and vice versa.
(D) Private contractors typically assign 25 workers to each road-repaving job site whereas the
number assigned to municipal road crews is usually 30.
(E) Municipal agencies must conduct a lengthy bidding process to procure supplies after repaving
work is ordered and before they can actually start work, whereas private contractors can obtain
supplies readily as needed.

1

Between 1977 and 1987. the average success rate for the city’s highest-ranking detectives in solving criminal cases has been no higher than the average success rate for its lowest-ranking detectives. (E) During 1991 Bayburg’s program of rent assistance for low-income tenants advertised widely and then informed all applicants about other assistance programs for which they would be qualified. 5. During 1991 the number of people in the town of Bayburg who received municipal food assistance doubled. Yet in each of the past ten years. Which one of the following. (E) None of the lowest-ranking detectives in the police department had experience in solving criminal cases prior to joining the police department. (B) In 1990 the Bayburg social service department estimated the number of people in Bayburg who might be eligible for the food assistance program and then informed the Bayburg Town Council of the total amount of assistance likely to be needed. 4. (C) During 1991 many residents of a nearby city lost their jobs and moved to Bayburg in search of work. (C) Those detectives in the police department who are the most adept at solving criminal cases are also those most likely to remain in the police department.000 jobs in logging and wood processing representing a 15 percent decrease in employment in the country’s timber industry. The highest-ranking detectives in the city’s police department are also the most adept at solving crimes. most helps to resolve the apparent paradox? (A) The detectives who have the highest success rate in solving criminal cases are those who have worked as detectives the longest. most helps to resolve the apparent discrepancy in the information above? (A) In 1990 the Bayburg Town Council debated whether or not to alter the eligibility requirements for the food assistance program but ultimately decided not to change them. if true. Which one of the following. (B) It generally takes at least ten years for a detective to rise from the lowest to the highest ranks of the city’s detective force. Paradoxically. Which one of the following. if true. 3. most helps to resolve the apparent paradox? 2 . (D) The police department generally gives the criminal cases that it expects to be the easiest to solve to its lowest-ranking detectives. even though the number of people in Bayburg whose incomes were low enough to qualify for such assistance remained unchanged. if true. (D) During 1991 the number of applicants for food assistance in Bayburg who were rejected on the basis that their incomes were above the maximum allowable limit was approximately the same as it had been in 1990. this loss of jobs occurred even as the amount of wood taken from the forests of Ravonia increased by 10 percent. the country of Ravonia lost about 12.

overall unemployment in Ravonia was approximately 10 percent. if true. (C) Since 1977. most helps to reconcile the restorers’ decision with the goal stated in the passage? (A) The restorers believe that da Volterra stripped away all previous layers of paint before he painted his own additions to the Sistine Chapel. however. the restorers have decided to make one exception: to leave intact additions that were painted by da Volterra. (E) When there is only one trap in the garden. allowing some rose beetles to escape. if true. while the demand for wood products increased. Michelangelo’s sixteenth-century Sistine Chapel paintings are currently being restored. but several traps will not attract significantly more rose beetles to a garden than one trap will. the total number of acres of timberland in Ravonia fell. and so additions made to Michelangelo’s paintings by later artists are being removed. A certain type of insect trap uses a scented lure to attract rose beetles into a plastic bag from which it is difficult for them to escape. they each capture fewer rose beetles than any single trap would if it were the only trap in the garden. in 1987. A goal of the restorers is to uncover Michelangelo’s original work. Which one of the following. (D) Since 1977. most helps to resolve the apparent discrepancy? (A) The scent of a single trap’s lure usually cannot be detected throughout a backyard garden by rose beetles. If only one trap is installed. Which one of the following.(A) Not since the 1950s has the timber industry been Ravonia’s most important industry economically. (B) Between 1977 and 1987. the number of rose beetles in the garden will actually increase. domestic sales of wood and wood products have increased by more than export sales have increased. (B) Several traps are better able to catch a large number of rose beetles than is one trap alone. a growing proportion of the timber that has been cut in Ravonia has been exported as raw. the additions to the Sistine Chapel that ad Volterra painted have relatively muted colors. the plastic bag quickly becomes filled to capacity. (B) Because da Volterra used a type of pigment that is especially sensitive to light. 7. (E) In 1977. If several of these traps are installed in a backyard garden. 6. (D) The presence of any traps in a backyard garden will attract more rose beetles than one trap can catch. since any rose beetles that evade one trap are likely to encounter another trap if there are several traps in the garden. the number of rose beetles in the garden will be greatly reduced. (C) When there are several traps in a garden. 3 . Ravonia’s unemployment rate was 15 percent. unprocessed wood. However.

most helps to resolve the apparently conflicting findings? (A) As people age. (E) Unlike today. Even when inflation is taken into account. (C) Research over the past ten years has enabled scientists today to identify wetlands in need of preservation well before the areas are at serious risk of destruction. to live longer than those who maintained the weight they had at age 35. This finding seems at variance with other studies that have associated weight gain with a host of health problems that tend to lower life expectancy. there has been a sixfold increase in government funding for the preservation of wetlands while the total area of wetlands needing such preservation has increased only twofold (although this area was already large ten years ago). if true. 9. the current amount of government funding for the preservation of wetlands is inadequate and should be augmented. (B) Individuals who reduce their cholesterol levels by losing weight can thereby also reduce their risk of dying from heart attacks or strokes. muscle and bone tissue tends to make up a smaller and smaller proportion of total body weight. Nevertheless. 8. funding for the preservation of wetlands was almost nonexistent ten years ago. who tend to be leaner than nonsmokers. (B) Over the past ten years. (C) Smokers. A long-term health study that followed a group of people who were age 35 in 1950 found that those whose weight increased by approximately half a kilogram or one pound per year after the age of 35 tended. Environmental scientist: It is true that over the past ten years. if true. tend to have shorter life spans than nonsmokers. Which one of the following. most helps to reconcile the environmental scientist’s conclusion with the evidence cited above? (A) The governmental agency responsible for administering wetland-preservation funds has been consistently mismanaged and run inefficiently over the past ten years. the salaries of scientists employed by the government to work on the preservation of wetlands have increased at a rate higher than the inflation rate. are working to preserve all natural resources including wetlands. (E) Da Volterra’s work is considered by certain art historians to be just as valuable as the work of additions to Michelangelo’s work. (D) Michelangelo is famous primarily for his sculptures and only secondarily for his paintings. on the whole. the amount of funding now is at least three times what it was ten years ago.(C) Da Volterra’s additions were painted in a style that was similar to the style used by Michelangelo. Which one of the following. (D) More people today scientists and nonscientists alike. (D) The normal deterioration of the human immune system with age can be slowed down by a 4 . whereas da Volterra is known exclusively for his paintings.

In spite of the enormous publicity that the study received. Alcoholic beverages are laden with calories. (C) Increased consumption of the five best-selling brands of bottled water. 12. (B) Most consumers who habitually drink the bottled water discussed in the study cannot differentiate between the taste of their usual brand of bottled water and that of water from public sources. However. The government recently released a study of drinking water. Yet Mr. (D) The rate of increase in the sales of bottled water has slowed since the publication of the government study. (E) Government health warnings concerning food have become so frequent that consumers have begun to doubt the safety of many everyday foods. if true. (E) Diets that tend to lead to weight gain often contain not only excess fat but also unhealthful concentrations of sugar and sodium. Mr.reduction in the number of calories consumed. Of the five bill collectors at Apex Collection Agency. if true. 10. (C) Mr. Young is assigned the majority of the most difficult cases at the agency. Young was affiliated with the credit department of a large department store. Young has the highest rate of unsuccessful collections. 11. accounted for the increase in sales. Which one of the following. Young is the best bill collector on the agency’s staff. Mr. Young has. in which it was reported that consumers who bought bottled water were in many cases getting water that was less safe than what they could obtain much more cheaply from the public water supply. (B) The other four bill collectors at the agency all consider Mr. (E) None of the bill collectors at the agency has been on the agency’s staff longer than Mr. (D) Before joining the agency. Young to be a very capable bill collector. is most help in resolving the apparent paradox? (A) Bottled water might contain levels of potentially harmful contaminants that are not allowed in drinking water. those people who regularly drink two or three alcoholic 5 . most helps to resolve the apparent discrepancy? (A) Mr. Calories consumed in excess of those with which the body needs to be provided to maintain its weight are normally stored as fat and the body gains weight. Which one of the following. which the report said were safer than both public water and most other brands of bottled water. Young’s rate of collections per year has remained fairly steady in the last few years. sales of bottled water have continued to rise.

the more those municipalities spend on education and on providing services to businesses. When deciding where to locate or relocate. if true. beverages a day and thereby exceed the caloric intake necessary to maintain their weight do not in general gain weight. whereas having a higher-than-average business- tax rate rarely has this effect. and the annual consumption of domestically produced oil has increased. and close proximity to markets and raw materials. if true. much oil previously considered unextractable is now considered extractable. (E) Some people who take in fewer calories than are normally necessary to maintain their weight do not lose weight. Yet over this same period no new oil fields of any consequence have been discovered. although each of these considerations has approximately equal importance. (C) Some people who do not drink alcoholic beverages but who eat high-calorie foods do not gain weight. (D) Many people who regularly drink more than three alcoholic beverages a day do not gain weight. Which one of the following. most helps to resolve the apparent discrepancy in the statements above? (A) Taxes paid by business constitute only a part of the tax revenue collected by most municipalities. a low business-tax rate. (E) Due to technological advances over the last decade. a high level of services. 13. Which one of the following. if true. In the United States proven oil reserves—the amount of oil considered extractable from known fields—are at the same level as they were ten years ago. Which one of the following. (B) Excess calories consumed by people who regularly drink two or three alcoholic beverages a day tend to be dissipated as heat. most helps to resolve the apparent discrepancy? (A) Some people who regularly drink two or three alcoholic beverages a day avoid exceeding the caloric intake necessary to maintain their weight by decreasing caloric intake from other sources. best reconciles the discrepancy described above? (A) Over the past decade the annual consumption of imported oil has increased more rapidly than that of domestic oil in the United States. However. 6 . (D) The price of domestically produced oil has fallen substantially over the past decade. 14. the higher the rate at which municipalities tax businesses. the lack of proximity either to markets or to raw materials often causes municipalities to lose prospective business. business look for an educated work force. (B) Conservation measures have lowered the rate of growth of domestic oil consumption from what it was a decade ago. (C) Oil exploration in the United States has slowed due to increased concern over the environmental impact of such exploration. (B) In general.

and since then the number of people who sunbathe for extended periods of time has decreased considerably each year. (C) Many people who lose their jobs start up their own businesses. 15.(C) Businesses sometimes leave a municipality after that municipality has raised its taxes on businesses. helps to resolve the apparent discrepancy in the information above? (A) Before 1980 a considerable number of the people who developed melanoma as a result of prolonged exposure to the sun were over forty years of age. (C) In 1982 scientists reported that the body’s need for exposure to sunlight in order to produce vitamin D. when most people had not yet begun to avoid prolonged exposure to the sun. companies report to the federal government their net loss or gain in jobs over the past month. In 1980 health officials began to publicize the adverse effects of prolonged exposure to the sun. if true. (B) The expenses of collecting and reporting employment data have steadily increased. Nevertheless. (B) Before 1980. contributes most to a resolution of the apparent discrepancy described? (A) More jobs are lost in a recession than in a period of growth. At the beginning of each month. is less than was previously though. (D) In 1982 medical researchers perfected a diagnostic technique that allowed them to detect the presence of melanoma much earlier than had previously been possible. 16. Which one of the following. (E) Businesses have sometimes tried to obtain tax reductions from municipalities by suggesting that without such a reduction the business might be forced to relocate elsewhere. Which one of the following. (E) The recent recession contributed to the growing preponderance of service jobs over manufacturing jobs 7 . (E) Since 1980. These reports are then consolidated by the government and reported as the total gain or loss for the past month. which helps prevent the growth of skin cancers. sunbathing was widely thought to be healthful. the number of jobs lost was significantly underestimated in the recent recession. those people who have continued to sunbathe for extended periods of time have used sunblocks that effectively screen out the ultraviolet rays that help cause melanoma. (D) In the recent recession a large number of failing companies abruptly ceased all operations. Despite accurate reporting by companies and correct tallying by the government. if true. in 1982 there was a dramatic rise in newly reported cases of melanoma. a form of skin cancer found mostly in people who have had prolonged exposure to the sun. (D) Members of the work force who are highly educated are more likely to be willing to relocate to secure work than are less highly educated workers.

In 1990 major engine repairs were performed on 10 percent of the cars that had been built by the National Motor Company in the 1970s and that were still registered. However. to be inspected for emission levels prior to registration. (B) Many of the participants identifies as nondrinkers were people who had been heavy drinkers but had stopped drinking alcohol prior to participating in the study. Which one of the following. 17. most helps to resolve the apparent discrepancy in the information above? (A) Because many people who do not drink alcohol are conscious of their health habits. Police statistics have shown that automobile antitheft devices reduce the risk of car theft. more likely to be stolen than cars that are not so equipped. (B) Owners of new cars tend to drive their cars more carefully than do owners of old cars. 18. the corresponding figure for the cars that the National Motor Company had manufactured in the 1960s was only five percent. (E) The two groups of participants were similar to each other with respect to the participants’ age. they are likely to engage in regular exercise and to eat nutritionally well-balanced meals. and economic background. Which of the following. if true. (E) Many of the repairs that were performed on the cars that the National Motor Company built in the 1960s could have been avoided if periodic routine maintenance had been performed. whether old or new. Alcohol consumption has been clearly linked to high blood pressure. (C) The older a car is. but a statistical study of automobile theft by the automobile insurance industry claims that cars equipped with antitheft devices are. the incidence of heart disease was lower among participants who drank moderate quantities of alcohol every day than it was among participants identified as nondrinkers. 19. most helps to explain the discrepancy? (A) Government motor vehicle regulations generally require all cars. (D) The cars that the National Motor Company built in the 1970s incorporated simplified engine designs that made the engines less complicated than those of earlier models. Yet in a study of the effects of alcohol consumption. sex. 8 . (D) Some of the participants who drank moderate quantities of alcohol every day had high blood pressure. geographical origin. (C) Some of the participants who drank moderate quantities of alcohol every day said that they occasionally drank large quantities of alcohol. paradoxically. the more likely it is to be discarded for scrap rather than repaired when major engine work is needed to keep the car in operation. which increases the likelihood of developing heart disease. if true.

During the same period. if true. (C) Impanians who previously were unable to afford regular medical treatment now use the National Health scheme. When the scheme was introduced. Since the introduction of the Impanian National Health Scheme. Which one of the following. enabling these firms to reduce overhead costs substantially. (E) The proportion of total expenditures within Impania that is spent on health care has declined since the introduction of the National Health scheme. and most cars that are equipped with antitheft devices are not stolen. (C) The most common automobile antitheft devices are audible alarms. from about seven to thirteen percent. it was hoped that private insurance to pay for these procedures would be available at modest cost. does most to explain the apparently paradoxical outcome? (A) The National Health scheme has greatly reduced the number of medical claims handled annually by Impania’s private insurers. Paradoxically. however. crop rotation. the cost of private health insurance did not decrease but has instead increased dramatically in the years since the scheme’s introduction. (D) Automobile owners who have particularly theft-prone cars and live in areas of greatest incidence of car theft are those who are most likely to have antitheft devices installed. more than 80 percent of all Impanian medical costs were associated with procedures that are now covered by the scheme. does the most to resolve the apparent paradox? (A) Owners of stolen cars almost invariably report the theft immediately to the police but tend to delay notifying their insurance company. (B) Before the National Health scheme was introduced. if true. which typically produce ten false alarms for every actual attempted theft. which for insects 9 . 20. (B) Most cars that are stolen are not equipped with antitheft devices. but the number of Impanians with private health insurance has not increased. 21. if true. as they had done previously. Which one of the following. Impanians (or their private insurance companies) have had to pay only for the more unusual and sophisticated medical procedures. crop loss from insects has approximately doubled. (D) Impanians now buy private medical insurance only at times when they expect that they will need care of kinds not available in the National Health scheme. since the insurers would no longer be paying for the bulk of health care costs. in the hope that the vehicle will be recovered.Which one of the following. though in past years they promoted heavy pesticide use. (B) While pesticide-resistant strains of insects were developing. (E) Most automobile thefts are the work of professional thieves against whose efforts antitheft devices offer scant protection. contributes most to explaining the paradoxical findings above? (A) Extension agents employed by state governments to advise farmers have recently advocated using smaller amounts of pesticide. Since 1945 pesticide use in the United Stares has increased tenfold despite an overall stability in number of acres planted.

but on manufacturers. 23. others are taken up into the edible portion of plants. which require a lot of office space. (E) Although some pesticides can be removed from foodstuffs through washing. Seventy percent of the adults surveyed said they would pay higher taxes for drug treatment programs. and 60 percent said they were willing to pay higher taxes to improve the city’s schools. (B) Public transportation links the financial center with the area around Parrot Quay. (B) Many of the people who were surveyed did not respond truthfully to all of the questions put to 10 . Goodbody. which will make available hundreds of thousands of square feet of new office space on what was formerly derelict property outside the financial center of the city. (E) The recession is likely to have the most severe effect not on service industries. Surprisingly enough. Yet in a vote in that same city. (C) Since 1970 the pesticides most lethal to people have generally been replaced by less-lethal chemicals that are equally effective against insects and have a less-damaging effect on the fish in streams fed by water that runs off from treated agricultural fields. though it will hurt most of the city’s businesses.. (D) Because farmers’ decisions about how much land to plant are governed by their expectations about crop prices at harvest time. 22. does most to help resolve the apparent paradox? (A) Businesses forced to economize by the recession will want to take advantage of the lower rents available outside the financial center. and consumers have begun to boycott foods containing pesticides that cannot be washed off. (D) Many of Goodbody’s other properties are in financial center and will become vacant if the recession is severe enough to force Goodbody’s tenants out of business. if true.disrupts a stable food supply. the coming recession. is in the process of finding tenants for its newly completed Parrot Quay commercial development. Which one of the following factors. Which one of the following. would LEAST contribute to an explanation of the discrepancy described above? (A) The survey sample was not representative of the voters who voted on the proposition. Inc. if true. the amount of pesticide they apply also depends in part on expected crop prices. a proposition to increase funding for schools by raising taxes failed by a narrow margin to win majority approval. was gradually abandoned because farmers’ eligibility to receive government crop subsidies depended on continuing to plant the same crop. A recent survey conducted in one North American city revealed widespread concern about the problems faced by teenagers today. (C) The area in which the Parrot Quay development is located became derelict after the heavy industry that used to be there closed down in a previous recession. should help Goodbody to find tenants.

as relatively healthier styles of life have become more popular than those that have been identified as risky. Which one of the following. if true. since nicotine and carbon monoxide have been implicated as contributing to heart disease. Yet the average level of ultraviolet radiation measured at research stations across North America decreased over the same period. does not. those that yield less nicotine. best reconciles the apparently discrepant facts described above? (A) Ultraviolet radiation increases the risk of skin cancer and cataracts. 24. (E) The proposition to raise taxes for schools was couched in terminology that many of the voters found confusing. and the average level of ultraviolet radiation reaching the Earth’s surface in Brazil increased. (D) Carbon monoxide and cigarette tar are not addictive substances. (E) Thinning of the layer of stratospheric ozone varies from one part of the world to another and from year to year. (B) For those who are themselves smokers. (C) Manufactured chlorine chemicals thin the layer of stratospheric ozone. Between 1969 and 1986. if true. and carbon monoxide than regular cigarettes when tested on a standard machine. increased dramatically between 1969 and 1986. 11 . tar.them. the layer of stratospheric ozone over Brazil thinned. (D) Ozone pollution. (D) A proposition for increasing funds for local drug treatment centers also failed to win approval. (E) People who switch from high-yield to low-yield cigarettes often compensate by increasing the number and depth of puffs in order to maintain their accustomed nicotine level. (C) Nicotine does not contribute as much as to heart disease as does carbon monoxide. reduce the incidence of heart attack. inhaling the smoke of others is not generally a significant factor contributing to an increased risk of heart disease. most helps to resolve the apparent discrepancy? (A) Smoking low-yield cigarettes has become fashionable. (C) The proposition was only part of a more expensive community improvement program that voters had to accept or reject in total. Most of the ultraviolet radiation reaching the Earth’s atmosphere from the Sun is absorbed by the layer of stratospheric ozone and never reaches the Earth’s surface. decreasing by about 3 percent. Which one of the following. Switching to “low-yield” cigarettes. the layer of stratospheric ozone over North America thinned. which absorbs ultraviolet radiation. 25. (B) Between 1969 and 1986. the incidence of skin cancer and cataracts increased substantially between 1969 and 1986. in general. This result is surprising.

26. The proportion of manufacturing companies in Alameda that use microelectronics in their manufacturing processes increased from 6 percent in 1979 to 66 percent in 1990. families with small children. not miles. however. (B) The numbers on the mileposts indicate kilometers. In actual fact. Yet these communities are home to thriving businesses specializing in the rental of furniture for infants and small children. not for hikers. 28. She reasoned that the next milepost forward on the path would indicate that she was halfway between one end of the path and the other. (C) Many residents of these communities who move frequently prefer renting their furniture to buying it outright. Which of the following. Moreover. (D) A milepost was missing between the two the hiker encountered. 27. (C) The facing numbers indicate miles to the end of the path. would explain the discrepancy described above? (A) The numbers on the next milepost had been reversed. However. Many labor leaders say that the introduction of microelectronics is the principal cause of the great increase in unemployment during that period in Alameda. the milepost one mile further on read “20” facing her and “24” behind. not miles from the beginning. Some communities in Florida are populated almost exclusively by retired people and contain few. best reconciles the seeming discrepancy described above? (A) The businesses specializing in the rental of children’s furniture buy their furniture from distributors outside of Florida. (E) The mileposts had originally been put in place for the use of mountain bikers. if true. if true. Which of the following. according to new figures released by the labor department. if true. (D) Many residents of these communities must provide for the needs of visiting grandchildren several weeks a year. Which of the following. A milepost on the towpath read “21” on the side facing the hiker as she approached it and “23” on its back. if any. (B) The few children who do reside in these communities all know each other and often make overnight visits to one another’s houses. there were many more people employed in Alameda in the manufacturing industry in 1990 than in 1979. best reconciles the discrepancy between the increase in unemployment and the increase in jobs in the manufacturing industry of Alameda? (A) Many products that contain microelectronic components are now assembled completely by 12 . most of the job losses were due to organizational changes. (E) Children’s furniture available for rental is of the same quality as that available for sale in the stores.

When old-grow forests are cleared of tall trees. Nevertheless such offers have. Which one of the following. This results in a sharp increase in the population of leafy shrubs on which the mule deer depend for food. in the past. actually cut the airline’s profits. (B) Mule deer herds that inhabit cleared forests tend to have more female with young offspring and fewer adult males than do other mule deer populations. indeed. if true. 30. sunny climates as well as cool. Yet mule deer herds that inhabit cleared forests are less well-nourished than are herds living in old-growth forests. most helps to resolve the apparent discrepancy described above? (A) Fewer than 10 percent of all air travelers make no attempt to seek out discount fares. Offers of across-the-board discount fares have. (D) In 1990 over 90 percent of the jobs in Alameda’s manufacturing companies were filled by workers who moved to Alameda because they had skills for which there was no demand in Alameda prior to the introduction of microelectronics there. but they fail to attract passengers to unpopular flights. resulted in the sale of large numbers of reduced-price tickets. 29. more sunlight reaches the forest floor. It might seem that an airline could increase profits by reducing airfares on all its flights in order to encourage discretionary travel and thus fill planes. compounds that inhibit 13 . Which one of the following. (C) Across-the-board discounts in fares tend to decrease revenues on flights that are normally filled. (E) It is difficult to devise an advertising campaign that makes the public aware of across-the-board discount fares while fully explaining the restrictions applied to those discount fares. (B) Fares for trips between a large city and a small city are higher than those for trips between two large cities even when the distances involved are the same. (D) Only a small number of people who have never before traveled by air are persuaded to do so on the basis of across-the-board discount fares. they produce higher amounts of tannins. most helps to resolve the apparent paradox? (A) Mule deer have enzyme-rich saliva and specialized digestive organs that enable the deer to digest tough plants inedible to other deer species. (C) It is difficult to evaluate numerically what impact on job security the introduction of microelectronics in the workplace had before 1979. (D) As plants receive more sunlight.machine. (B) Workers involved in the various aspects of the manufacturing processes that use microelectronic technology need extensive training. (E) Many workers who have retired from the manufacturing industry in Alameda since 1979 have not been replaced by younger workers. if true. (C) Mule deer populations are spread throughout western North America and inhabit hot. wet climates.

C 19. C 6. A 8. C 10. D 28. from which they drop onto passing deer. B 22. A 24. D 7. D 21. that feed primary on mule deer often dwell in trees. D 17. B 18. A 12. C 11. C 27. D 29. D 4. B 13.digestion of the plants’ proteins. B 15. E 26. A 23. E 5. D 25. (E) Insect parasites. 1. C 30. E 9. D 14 . D 20. E 3. B 2. D 16. such as certain species of ticks. E 14.