2017­6­10 trans­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem

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 Compound Summary for CID 62695

trans‐2‐Butene  Cite this Record

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STRUCTURE VENDORS PHARMACOLOGY LITERATURE PATENTS

PubChem CID: 62695
Trans‐2‐Butene; 2‐BUTENE; Pseudobutylene; Beta‐Butylene; Butylene‐2; Butene‐2   
Chemical Names:
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Molecular Formula: C4H8 or CH3‐HC=CH‐CH3
Molecular Weight: 56.108 g/mol
InChI Key: IAQRGUVFOMOMEM‐ONEGZZNKSA‐N

Substance Registry: FDA UNII

Safety Summary: Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary ﴾LCSS﴿

2‐butene is a colorless liquefied petroleum gas. Asphyxiate gas. Flammability limits in air 1.8‐9.7% by volume.
 Physical Description from CAMEO Chemicals

PUBCHEM  COMPOUND  TRANS‐2‐BUTENE Create Date: 2005‐03‐27

https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/trans­2­Butene 1/47

2017­6­10 trans­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem

 Contents
1 2D Structure

2 3D Conformer

3 Names and Identifiers

4 Chemical and Physical Properties

5 Related Records

6 Chemical Vendors

7 Pharmacology and Biochemistry

8 Use and Manufacturing

9 Identification

10 Safety and Hazards

11 Toxicity

12 Literature

13 Patents

14 Classification

15 Information Sources

https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/trans­2­Butene 2/47

2017­6­10 trans­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem

1 2D Structure
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https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/trans­2­Butene 3/47

2017­6­10 trans­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem

2 3D Conformer
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ncbi.1 IUPAC Name ﴾E﴿‐but‐2‐ene  from PubChem 3.1 CAS 590‐18‐1 ﴾cis isomer﴿  from CAMEO Chemicals https://pubchem.1.2 InChI InChI=1S/C4H8/c1‐3‐4‐2/h3‐4H.1.2 Molecular Formula C4H8  from ILO‐ICSC.3 Other Identifiers 3.5 Isomeric SMILES C/C=C/C  from PubChem 3.1.1.1 Computed Descriptors 3.nih.1.3 InChI Key IAQRGUVFOMOMEM‐ONEGZZNKSA‐N  from PubChem 3.nlm.4 Canonical SMILES CC=CC  from PubChem 3.2017­6­10 trans­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem 3 Names and Identifiers 3.1‐2H3/b4‐3+  from PubChem 3. PubChem CH3‐HC=CH‐CH3  from ILO‐ICSC 3.3.gov/compound/trans­2­Butene 5/47 .

3 ICSC Number 0398  from ILO‐ICSC 3. EPA Chemicals under the TSCA.nlm.3.4 UN Number 1012  from CAMEO Chemicals. ILO‐ICSC 1075  from NJDOH RTK Hazardous Substance List 3.5 UNII 017NGL487F  from FDA/SPL Indexing Data 3.nih. European Chemicals Agency ‐ ECHA.2017­6­10 trans­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem 624‐64‐6  from ChemIDplus.ncbi.3. EPA DSStox.3.gov/compound/trans­2­Butene 6/47 . EPA Chemicals under the TSCA. EPA Chemicals under the TSCA.3.3. ILO‐ICSC 107‐01‐7  from ChemIDplus.6 Wikipedia Title ﴾E﴿‐2‐butene Description chemical compound Title but‐2‐ene Description chemical compound  from Wikipedia https://pubchem. European Chemicals Agency ‐ ECHA 3.2 EC Number 210‐855‐3  from European Chemicals Agency ‐ ECHA 273‐307‐2  from European Chemicals Agency ‐ ECHA 203‐452‐9  from European Chemicals Agency ‐ ECHA 3. European Chemicals Agency ‐ ECHA 68956‐54‐7  from ChemIDplus.

4. ﴾E﴿‐2‐Butene 39. trans‐Butenes  from PubChem https://pubchem. ﴾E﴿ 10. Dimethylethylene 20.2017­6­10 trans­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem 3. but‐2‐ene 19. 107‐01‐7 26. BRN 1718755 3. beta‐Butylene 14.1 MeSH Synonyms 1.4. 68956‐54‐7 6. EINECS 203‐452‐9 2.4 Synonyms 3. ﴾E﴿‐ 25. Butylene‐2 15. 2‐BUTENE. ﴾E﴿‐isomer 3.nih. Isoprene C4 products 9. CH3CH=CHCH3 31. 2‐Butene‐trans 23. C4‐unsatd. Low‐boiling butene‐2 29. trans‐Butene 21. 2‐ 28.2‐Dimethylethylene 33.beta. ﴾E﴿‐But‐2‐ene 17. beta‐trans‐Butylene 18. Pseudobutylene 13. MFCD00064458 8. 2‐butene. IAQRGUVFOMOMEM‐ONEGZZNKSA‐ 4. ﴾Z﴿‐isomer  from MeSH 3. 2‐butene. beta‐Butene 30.2 Depositor‐Supplied Synonyms 1. Butene. 2‐Butene.ncbi. ﴾2E﴿‐ 27. Butene‐2 16. CCRIS 8971 37. 2‐trans‐Butene 24. 2‐butene 2. . 2‐Butene. trans‐2‐Butene 11.nlm. HSDB 180 38. trans‐1.gov/compound/trans­2­Butene 7/47 . Butene. mixed ‐1‐ and ‐2‐ isomers 5. 2‐BUTENE 12. trans‐but‐2‐ene 34. 32. Hydrocarbons. UNII‐017NGL487F 36. ﴾2E﴿‐2‐Butene 40. 2‐Buten 35.‐Butylene 7. 624‐64‐6 22.

2 Experimental Properties 4.1 Computed Properties Property Name Property Value Molecular Weight 56.nih. GasVapor 2.3 Compound Is Canonicalized true Formal Charge 0 Heavy Atom Count 4 Defined Atom Stereocenter Count 0 Undefined Atom Stereocenter Count 0 Defined Bond Stereocenter Count 1 Undefined Bond Stereocenter Count 0 Isotope Atom Count 0 Covalently‐Bonded Unit Count 1  from PubChem 4. Asphyxiate gas.7% by volume.8‐9.2 AAADccBgAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA AAAAAAAAAAAAAGAAAAAAACACAAAACAAAAAACAA CACTVS Substructure Key Fingerprint CBCAAAAAAAAAAAICAAAAAAAAAAAAQAAAAAAAAAA AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA Topological Polar Surface Area 0 A^2 Monoisotopic Mass 56.2017­6­10 trans­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem 4 Chemical and Physical Properties 4.  from CAMEO Chemicals GasVapor  from EPA Chemicals under the TSCA 1.ncbi.063 g/mol Exact Mass 56.1 Physical Description 2‐butene is a colorless liquefied petroleum gas.gov/compound/trans­2­Butene 8/47 .063 g/mol XLogP3 2.108 g/mol Hydrogen Bond Donor Count 0 Hydrogen Bond Acceptor Count 0 Rotatable Bond Count 0 Complexity 15. Liquid https://pubchem.2.nlm. Flammability limits in air 1.

Clayton (eds. 3202  from HSDB Colorless gas Lewis.)..5 Melting Point ‐105.5 deg C Lide. Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary. Boca Raton.). and F.ncbi.J. 1981‐1982.. D. D. 179  from HSDB 4.). 1993.R.2.2. 1998‐1999. 12th ed. p. 2C: Toxicology.nlm. p.. p. CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics. p.2. p. 79th ed.. Boca Raton. Patty's Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology: Volume 2A.2. 3rd ed. 2B. Dangerous Properties of Industrial Materials.2.  from ILO‐ICSC 4.7 Solubility https://pubchem. 3‐103  from HSDB 1°C  from ILO‐ICSC 4... 551  from HSDB 4.2017­6­10 trans­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem  from EPA Chemicals under the TSCA COLOURLESS COMPRESSED LIQUEFIED GAS.). FL: CRC Press Inc.6 Flash Point Flammable gas  from ILO‐ICSC 4. CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics.R. E.8 deg C at 760 mm Hg Lide. D.2 Color COLORLESS GAS Clayton. NY: Van Nostrand Reinhold.2. New York: John Wiley Sons. Sr (Ed.3 Odor Slightly aromatic odor Sax.I. 79th ed.nih. New York. New York.4 Boiling Point 0. NY: Van Nostrand Rheinhold Co... 6th ed. N. FL: CRC Press Inc. (ed. 3‐103  from HSDB ‐105°C  from ILO‐ICSC 4. 1984.gov/compound/trans­2­Butene 9/47 . 1998‐1999. R. (ed. G.

p.  from HSDB Vapour pressure kPa at 20°C: 212  from ILO‐ICSC 4. (ed. D. 3‐103  from HSDB Sol in organic solvents. 79th ed.2. 79th ed. New York. NY: Van Nostrand Rheinhold Co.).J. Lide. CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics. p. Soluble in benzene..2.8 Density 0.R.2017­6­10 trans­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem Very soluble in ethanol and ether. Boca Raton. New York.. (ed. D. 1983. p. CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics. Physical and Thermodynamic Properties of Pure Chemicals Data Compilation.C.gov/compound/trans­2­Butene 10/47 . Sr (Ed. R.6  from ILO‐ICSC 4.599 g/cu cm at 25 deg C Lide.9 Vapor Density 1. Washington.). K. Boca Raton. FL: CRC Press Inc. R.E. CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics. 3‐101  from HSDB ﴾water = 1﴿: 0.ncbi.nih. 1993. Boca Raton.: Taylor and Francis.).750 mm Hg at 25 deg C Daubert.P... 12th ed. 304  from HSDB ﴾air = 1﴿: 1.2. 1998‐1999. D.). 179  from HSDB Sol in benzene Lide. insol in water Lewis.R.94 ﴾Air= 1﴿ Verschueren. NY: Van Nostrand Reinhold Co. Danner. 1989. 1998‐1999. 79th ed..31 https://pubchem. D.9  from ILO‐ICSC 4.R. Handbook of Environmental Data of Organic Chemicals.11 LogP log Kow= 2. p.. (ed. p..nlm. 1998‐1999.. Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary. FL: CRC Press Inc. 3‐193  from HSDB in water: none  from ILO‐ICSC 4. FL: CRC Press Inc. 2nd ed...2..10 Vapor Pressure 1. T.

12th ed. R. NY: Van Nostrand Rheinhold Co.2.37 KJ/mol Kirk‐Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology. 4th ed. Lewis.J.. MA: National Fire Protection Association.. p.nlm. p. p. NY.2.nih.. 1997. and Steric Constants. Washington. 1993. 1996..16 Surface Tension 0.. V4 703  from HSDB https://pubchem. 1991‐Present.ncbi.gov/compound/trans­2­Butene 11/47 .12 Auto‐Ignition 615 deg F /cis & trans‐2‐Butene/ Lewis.2. Leo. Volumes 1: New York. 9th ed. 1991‐Present.. Exploring QSAR ‐ Hydrophobic. New York. R. Volumes 1: New York.2017­6­10 trans­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem Hansch.31  from ILO‐ICSC 4. Hoekman.15 Heat of Vaporization 21.J.. New York.13 Decomposition When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and irritating vapors. 4th ed. John Wiley and Sons. 179  from HSDB 324 DEG C ﴾615 DEG F﴿ Fire Protection Guide to Hazardous Materials. 9  from HSDB 2.. John Wiley and Sons. DC: American Chemical Society. p. 1995. p. Volumes 1: New York. C. 325‐20  from HSDB 324°C  from ILO‐ICSC 4. Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary. NY: Van Nostrand Reinhold.14 Heat of Combustion ‐2708 KJ/mol Kirk‐Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology.2. V4 703  from HSDB 4... 546  from HSDB 4. Sax's Dangerous Properties of Industrial Materials.).2. Quincy. Electronic. Volumes 1‐3. John Wiley and Sons. 1991‐Present. Sr (Ed. V4 703  from HSDB 4.. NY.0132 dyn/cm @ 25 deg C Kirk‐Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology. NY. p. D. 4th ed. A. p. 12 ed.

. Boca Raton.2. 412. 2B. 406.nih. 410.) Patty's Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology. FL: CRC Press Inc. p.2. 1996. 411.9.. 410. and M.C. 407. 406.. CRC Handbook of Data on Organic Compounds. V1 340  from HSDB 4. D.18 Kovats Retention Index 406. 4th ed.2.1.4. 402. 406. and M. 408..3.1﴿.R. NY: John Wiley & Sons Inc.9﴿.E.. 412. CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics. Clayton. 417 411. 406.4.). 2D.3 Spectral Properties Index of refraction: 1. 405. 413. 403.ncbi.3848 @ ‐25 deg C/D Lide. FL: CRC Press Inc. 412. 405. Semi‐standard non‐polar 406. 411. Volumes I and II.J.1.. p. 405.17 Odor Threshold ODOR THESHOLDS FOR /TRANS‐2 ISOMER HAS/ BEEN RECORDED FOR DETECTION IN AIR AS GENERALLY .. 1998‐1999. 2C. 3‐103  from HSDB Max absorption ﴾gas﴿: 163 NM ﴾log E= 3. 406. 73rd ed. 408. NY: Van Nostrand Reinhold Co. Boca Raton. 1993‐1994. K.. 1985.J. 406. 187 NM ﴾log E= 3. 1247  from HSDB 2700 mg/cu m Verschueren. Volumes I and II. 406. 1985. G. R.3. FL: CRC Press Inc. 410 Standard polar 450. Volumes 2A. 202 NM ﴾log E= 2. (ed. 3‐103  from HSDB IR: 7860 ﴾Sadtler Research Laboratories Prism Collection﴿ Weast. 359  from HSDB 4.. 406. 408. 79th ed. 383. FL: CRC Press Inc.49. New York. V1 340  from HSDB MASS: 26 ﴾Atlas of Mass Spectral Data. 1992‐1993. 406. 414. 0.2017­6­10 trans­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem 4.C.1 GC‐MS   1 of 6   NIST Number 114472 https://pubchem. Clayton (eds. Standard non‐polar 412.D... 407.7. CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics. Astle..42. 410. Boca Raton.. 406. New York﴿ Weast.0048 MG/L. 2F: Toxicology. 177 NM ﴾log E= 4.7﴿ Lide. 404. 409. R. John Wiley & Sons. Boca Raton.).8﴿.R. 2E. (ed.5. Handbook of Environmental Data on Organic Chemicals. CRC Handbook of Data on Organic Compounds. 408.gov/compound/trans­2­Butene 12/47 .nlm. 450  from NIST 4. D. Astle. p. 407. p. p. 414. p. 410. New York. 3rd ed. 407. F. 406. 400. 464.

ncbi. Thumbnail  from NIST https://pubchem.2017­6­10 trans­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem   1 of 6   Library Main library Total Peaks 23 m/z Top Peak 41 m/z 2nd Highest 28 m/z 3rd Highest 56 CLICK TO LOAD.gov/compound/trans­2­Butene 13/47 ...nlm.nih.

and 239 records Neutralized Forms Similar Compounds 55 records Similar Conformers 444 records  from PubChem 5.3 Substances 5. Components..2017­6­10 trans­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem 5 Related Records 5. Exact 23 records Mixtures. Connectivity 67 records Same Parent.gov/compound/trans­2­Butene 14/47 .nih. Isotope 49 records Same Parent.ncbi.1 Related Compounds with Annotation CLICK TO LOAD..2 Related Compounds Same Connectivity 16 records Same Stereo 7 records Same Isotope 3 records Same Parent. Stereo 31 records Same Parent.3.1 Related Substances All 405 records Same 74 records Mixture 331 records  from PubChem https://pubchem.nlm.  from PubChem 5.

nih.nlm..  from PubChem 5.2 Substances by Category CLICK TO LOAD.gov/compound/trans­2­Butene 15/47 .ncbi.3.4 Entrez Crosslinks PubMed 11 records  from PubChem https://pubchem..2017­6­10 trans­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem 5.

gov/compound/trans­2­Butene 16/47 .ncbi.nih.2017­6­10 trans­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem 6 Chemical Vendors CLICK TO LOAD..  from PubChem https://pubchem.nlm..

3‐DIBROMOBUTANE WAS CONVERTED.nih.D. F. G. 1993‐1994. /Butenes/ Clayton. LIVESEY JC. 2E.E. 2C. 2D.2017­6­10 trans­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem 7 Pharmacology and Biochemistry 7. BANBURY REP 5.gov/compound/trans­2­Butene 17/47 .1 Metabolism/Metabolites IN RAT LIVER CYTOSOL MESO‐2.. INTO TRANS‐2‐ BUTENE WHILE RACEMIC‐2. 1246  from HSDB https://pubchem.3‐DIBROMOBUTANE GAVE RISE TO CIS‐2‐BUTENE. 2F: Toxicology. ANDERS MW. p.ncbi.. ISSUE ETHYLENE DICHLORIDE: POTENTIAL HEALTH RISK 331 (1980)  from HSDB 7. New York.. Clayton (eds. NY: John Wiley & Sons Inc. 2B. ALMOST EXCLUSIVELY.nlm. 4th ed. Volumes 2A.2 Mechanism of Action /Butenes/ are simple asphyxiants and can be used as anesthetics.) Patty's Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology.

NJ: Merck and Co. The Merck Index ‐ An Encyclopedia of Chemicals.1.. 1993. New York. p. 2B. 1993‐1994. 251  from HSDB Gases containing appreciable content of cis‐butene‐2 /and trans‐butene‐2/. /cis & trans‐2‐Butene/ Lewis. R. 4th ed. Clayton.. https://pubchem. From isobutanol by the action of hot zinc chloride.1. and Biologicals. Fuels and fuel additives 2..1 Uses 8. Inc. (ed. F. 179  from HSDB Obtained by cracking of petroleum oils.gov/compound/trans­2­Butene 18/47 .. Intermediates  from EPA Chemicals under the TSCA 8. Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary. S..2 Methods of Manufacturing EXTRACTIVE DISTILLATION OF THE BUTANE/BUTYLENE FRACTION PRODUCED BY CRACKING CRUDE OIL.2 Consumer Uses Fuels and Related Products  from EPA Chemicals under the TSCA 8. 1247  from HSDB Obtained by cracking of petroleum oils.. 1996.). S. 2F: Toxicology.).E. Inc. NJ: Merck and Co. Budavari. (ed.) Patty's Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology... Sr (Ed. Drugs. Drugs.1 Industry Uses Intermediates  from EPA Chemicals under the TSCA 1.nlm.J. 251  from HSDB IT IS RECOVERED FROM REFINING GASES.D..).2017­6­10 trans­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem 8 Use and Manufacturing 8. 2D.nih. ALTHOUGH THE 2‐BUTENE WHICH IS USED TO MAKE SEC‐BUTYL ALCOHOL IS NOT FIRST SEPARATED OR ISOLATED FROM THE REFINERY STREAM SRI  from HSDB . Clayton (eds. NY: Van Nostrand Rheinhold Co. p. p.. Configuration of stereoisomeric forms. Whitehouse Station. and Biologicals. NY: John Wiley & Sons Inc.. New York. 2C. 1996. are obtained by fractional distillation of refinery gas.ncbi. p. The Merck Index ‐ An Encyclopedia of Chemicals. From isobutanol by action of hot zinc chloride. 12th ed.. Budavari. Volumes 2A.. Whitehouse Station. along with other butene and butane hydrocarbons. 2E. G.

G... NY: Van Nostrand Rheinhold Co. NY: Van Nostrand Rheinhold Co. New York. 12th ed. THE POSSIBLE USE OF THE MONITOR FOR AIR QUALITY MEASUREMENTS IS DISCUSSED.nih. 179  from HSDB 8.). Whitehouse Station. INCLUDING CIS‐2‐BUTENE & TRANS‐2‐BUTENE. 1993. Sr (Ed. Drugs.. p. 12th ed.56X10+11 g /1‐Butene and 2‐Butene mixed/ USITC. Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary. p. CP 99%. Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary. SYN ORG CHEM‐U.S. & ALSO TO COMPOUNDS CONTAINING SULFIDE OR AMINE GROUPS.6 Sampling Procedures THE CHEMILUMINESCENCE INSTRUMENT RESPONDED TO ALL HYDROCARBONS CONTAINING AN OLEFINIC DOUBLE BOND. 179  from HSDB CATALYTIC OR THERMAL CRACKING OF PETROLEUM FEEDSTOCK. 10th ed. The Merck Index ‐ An Encyclopedia of Chemicals. Lewis.ncbi. (ed. Hawley.9%.9% /cis & trans‐2‐Butene/ Lewis. Sr (Ed. OR DISPROPORTIONATION OF PROPYLENE FOLLOWED BY SEPARATION ﴾EG. R.. CP 99. R. Lewis. are obtained by fractional distillation of refinery gas..J.).. The Condensed Chemical Dictionary. 1996. DEHYDROGENATION OF N‐BUTANE.8‐99. 1993. Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary..2017­6­10 trans­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem Budavari. NY: Van Nostrand Rheinhold Co.5 U. THE OUTPUT OF THE MONITOR WAS COMPARED WITH THAT OF A CONVENTIONAL NON‐ METHANE HYDROCARBON MONITOR MEASUREMENTS OVER A 40‐DAY PERIOD & GAVE RESULTS WHICH WERE QUALITATIVELY SIMILAR. Sr (Ed. INT CONF ENVIRON SENSING ASSESS (PROC) 2: 21 (1976) https://pubchem.J. research 99.4 Formulations/Preparations Technical 95%. Research 99. FRACTIONAL DISTILLATION﴿ SRI  from HSDB 8.. 12th ed.. S. and Biologicals.G.).15  from HSDB ﴾1982﴿ 5X10+11 G ﴾EST.S. 158  from HSDB 8.gov/compound/trans­2­Butene 19/47 .. p. 179  from HSDB Grades: Technical. 1981. New York.nlm. New York. PROD/SALES 1984 p. p.J. R.). 95%. HILBORN JC ET AL. Inc. NJ: Merck and Co. Production ﴾1984﴿ 3. 251  from HSDB Gases containing appreciable content of trans‐butene‐2.0%. p. 1993. IN MIXT OF BUTYLENES﴿ SRI  from HSDB 8. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Co. along with other butene and butane hydrocarbons.3 Impurities Butane hydrocarbons are by‐products in butene production..

nlm.nih.ncbi.gov/compound/trans­2­Butene 20/47 .2017­6­10 trans­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem  from HSDB https://pubchem.

COATINGS. THE AIR SAMPLES WERE ANALYZED BY GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY USING A CRYOGENIC TRAPPING TECHNIQUE FOR INTRODUCTION OF AIR SAMPLES INTO THE GAS CHROMATOGRAPH. NONMETHANE HYDROCARBONS IN AMBIENT NEW YORK CITY ATMOSPHERES WERE DETECTED. INT CONF ENVIRON SENSING ASSESS (PROC) 2: 21 (1976)  from HSDB https://pubchem. IN AMBIENT AIR WERE TRAPPED BY CRYOGENIC SAMPLING USING TENAX GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY OR CARBOPACK AS ADSORBENT & LIQUID NITROGEN AS COOLING AGENT. NONMETHANE HYDROCARBONS IN AMBIENT NEW YORK CITY ATMOSPHERES WERE DETECTED.2017­6­10 trans­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem 9 Identification 9. IN DIVING GASES. INCLUDING CIS‐2‐BUTENE & TRANS‐2‐BUTENE. IN AIR. WHITBY RA. ULLRICH D. ULLRICH D. PROC ANNU MEET AIR POLLUT CONTROL ASSOC 72 (4): 79 (1979)  from HSDB THE CHEMILUMINESCENCE INSTRUMENT RESPONDED TO ALL HYDROCARBONS CONTAINING AN OLEFINIC DOUBLE BOND. FRESENIUS Z ANAL CHEM 291 (4): 299 (1978)  from HSDB MASS SPECTROMETRY & GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY WERE USED FOR IDENTIFICATION & DETECTION OF ALKENES.1 Analytic Laboratory Methods ALKENE HYDROCARBONS. INCLUDING TRANS‐2‐BUTENE.nlm. ROBERTS RM. ALTWICKER ER. SOURCES OF CONTAMINATIONS ARE PAINTS. & COMPRESSED BREATHING GAS SUPPLY. FRESENIUS Z ANAL CHEM 291 (4): 299 (1978)  from HSDB MASS SPECTROMETRY & GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY WERE USED FOR IDENTIFICATION & DETECTION OF ALKENES. THE OUTPUT OF THE MONITOR WAS COMPARED WITH THAT OF A CONVENTIONAL NON‐METHANE HYDROCARBON MONITOR MEASUREMENTS OVER A 40 DAY PERIOD & GAVE RESULTS WHICH WERE QUALITATIVELY SIMILAR. IN AMBIENT AIR WERE TRAPPED BY CRYOGENIC SAMPLING USING TENAX GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY OR CARBOPACK AS ADSORBENT & LIQUID NITROGEN AS COOLING AGENT. & ANALYZED IN A 2‐COLUMN SYSTEM EQUIPPED WITH 2 FLAME IONIZATION DETECTORS. INCLUDING CIS‐2‐BUTENE & TRANS‐2‐BUTENE. SOURCES OF CONTAMINATIONS ARE PAINTS. IN DIVING GASES.nih. & ALSO TO COMPOUNDS CONTAINING SULFIDE OR AMINE GROUPS. PROC DIVERS GAS PURITY SYMP (AD‐769): 118 (1973)  from HSDB EXTERNAL VACUUM AIR COLLECTOR USING BOTH TEFLON & TEDLAR BAGS WAS USED FOR SAMPLING NONMETHANE HYDROCARBONS. SEIFERT B. SEIFERT B. INCLUDING TRANS‐2‐BUTENE.gov/compound/trans­2­Butene 21/47 . PROC DIVERS GAS PURITY SYMP (AD‐769): 118 (1973)  from HSDB EXTERNAL VACUUM AIR COLLECTOR USING BOTH TEFLON & TEDLAR BAGS WAS USED FOR SAMPLING NONMETHANE HYDROCARBONS. IN AIR. ROBERTS RM. INCLUDING TRANS‐2‐BUTENE. SEALANTS. PROC ANNU MEET AIR POLLUT CONTROL ASSOC 72 (4): 79 (1979)  from HSDB ALKENE HYDROCARBONS. DEUEL CL. & ANALYZED IN A 2‐COLUMN SYSTEM EQUIPPED WITH 2 FLAME IONIZATION DETECTORS. SEALANTS. DEUEL CL. INCLUDING CIS‐2‐BUTENE & TRANS‐2‐BUTENE. INCLUDING TRANS‐2‐BUTENE.ncbi. ALTWICKER ER. HILBORN JC ET AL. THE POSSIBLE USE OF THE MONITOR FOR AIR QUALITY MEASUREMENTS IS DISCUSSED. & COMPRESSED BREATHING GAS SUPPLY. WHITBY RA. COATINGS. THE AIR SAMPLES WERE ANALYZED BY GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY USING A CRYOGENIC TRAPPING TECHNIQUE FOR INTRODUCTION OF AIR SAMPLES INTO THE GAS CHROMATOGRAPH.

CAUTION: Hydrogen ﴾UN1049﴿. Will form explosive mixtures with air.1.﴿  from European Chemicals Agency ‐ ECHA View all ﴾4﴿ GHS Classification entries 10. Contact with gas or liquefied gas may cause burns. Use an alternate method of detection ﴾thermal camera.nlm. may explode if heated [Warning Gases under pressure ‐ Compressed gas. Reactive ‐ 1st degree  from NJDOH RTK Hazardous Substance List 10. 2016﴿  from CAMEO Chemicals Flammable ‐ 4th degree  from NJDOH RTK Hazardous Substance List Flammable ‐ 4th degree.1 Hazards Identification 10. ﴾ERG. H220 ﴾100%﴿: Extremely flammable gas [Danger Flammable gases ‐ Category 1] H280 ﴾80. Hydrogen and Deuterium fires are difficult to detect since they burn with an invisible flame. Hydrogen. Precautionary Statement Codes P210. Dissolved gas] Information may vary between notifications depending on impurities. Vapors from liquefied gas are initially heavier than air and spread along ground. Some may be irritating if inhaled at high concentrations.3 Fire Hazard Excerpt from ERG Guide 115 [Gases ‐ Flammable ﴾Including Refrigerated Liquids﴿]: EXTREMELY FLAMMABLE. Will be easily ignited by heat. refrigerated liquid ﴾UN1966﴿ and Methane ﴾UN1971﴿ are lighter than air and will rise. Fire may produce irritating and/or toxic gases. Each notification may be associated with multiple companies. additives. and P403 ﴾The corresponding statement to each P‐code can be found here.1. Liquefied gas. severe injury and/or frostbite. P381. P41.nih.gov/compound/trans­2­Butene 22/47 . Deuterium ﴾UN1957﴿. The percentage value in parenthesis indicates the notified classification ratio from all companies. https://pubchem. Only Hazard Codes with percentage values above 10% are shown.2 Health Hazard Excerpt from ERG Guide 115 [Gases ‐ Flammable ﴾Including Refrigerated Liquids﴿]: Vapors may cause dizziness or asphyxiation without warning.2017­6­10 trans­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem 10 Safety and Hazards 10. P403.1 GHS Classification Signal: Danger GHS Hazard Statements Aggregated GHS information from 7 notifications provided by 625 companies to the ECHA C&L Inventory. P377. and other factors.ncbi.96%﴿: Contains gas under pressure.1. sparks or flames.

).. (ed. Clayton (eds.. Cylinders exposed to fire may vent and release flammable gas through pressure relief devices. Quincy.J.1 Flammability Flammable limits in air 1.. NY: John Wiley & Sons Inc. p.nih.gov/compound/trans­2­Butene 23/47 . R. Eye.2.1.. Rahway.2 Safety and Hazard Properties 10. p...2. Critical pressure: 4. New York. New York..5 Fire Potential Highly flammable .nlm. 325‐20  from HSDB 10.D..63 K. is mildly irritating to the eye. New York. and Respiratory Irritations It .2017­6­10 trans­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem broom handle. 179  from HSDB FLAMMABLE GAS. 2C. 12th ed. /cis & trans‐2‐Butene/ Lewis. 179  from HSDB Lower flammable limit: 1. Containers may explode when heated. 1989. ﴾ERG. NY: Van Nostrand Rheinhold Co.. Dangerous fire . 1993.  from ILO‐ICSC 10. 12 ed. F. p. 1246  from HSDB 10.﴿ Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. R. 1997.. Sr (Ed.7% by volume /cis & trans‐2‐Butene/ Lewis. 1993. risk. NJ: Merck and Co.7% by volume Fire Protection Guide to Hazardous Materials.8% by volume.J.1. p. 232  from HSDB 10..).)..E. /1‐Butene/ Clayton.2 Critical Temperature Critical temperature: 428. 2E. 2F: Toxicology.  from ILO‐ICSC 10. Inc. 12th ed.8‐9. 2B. Volumes 2A. etc.4 Explosion Hazard Gas/air mixtures are explosive. Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary. Upper flammable limit: 9. Sr (Ed..1. Ruptured cylinders may rocket. NY: Van Nostrand Rheinhold Co. S. 1993‐1994. 2016﴿  from CAMEO Chemicals Extremely flammable..) Patty's Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology. Drugs and Biologicals.ncbi..6 Skin...104 MPa https://pubchem. Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary. 4th ed. G. 2D. p. MA: National Fire Protection Association. Budavari. The Merck Index ‐ Encyclopedia of Chemicals.

nlm. MA: National Fire Protection Association. electrostatic charges can be generated. 4= This degree includes flammable gases.63 K.2. 1997.. p. even under fire exposure conditions. 1991‐Present.6 NFPA Health Rating 1  from CAMEO Chemicals 10. Critical pressure: 4. Fire Protection Guide to Hazardous Materials. Fire Protection Guide to Hazardous Materials. 1997. 325‐20  from HSDB Reactivity: 0. p. The gas is heavier than air and may accumulate in lowered spaces causing a deficiency of oxygen. NY. NY. 1997.2017­6­10 trans­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem Kirk‐Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology.104 MPa Kirk‐Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology. 1= Materials that. Fire Protection Guide to Hazardous Materials. The preferred method of fire attack is to stop the flow of material or to protect exposures while allowing the fire to burn itself out. 1991‐Present. etc.4 NFPA Hazard Classification Health: 1.gov/compound/trans­2­Butene 24/47 . agitation.2. p. Quincy. pyrophoric liquids.  from ILO‐ICSC https://pubchem. 4th ed. John Wiley and Sons. V4 703  from HSDB 10. 325‐20  from HSDB Flammability: 4. MA: National Fire Protection Association. Volumes 1: New York. Quincy. 0= This degree includes materials that are normally stable. MA: National Fire Protection Association.5 NFPA Fire Rating 4  from CAMEO Chemicals 10.nih. 12 ed.. Quincy. distant ignition possible. John Wiley and Sons.. p.2.2. These materials are only slightly hazardous to health and only breathing protection is needed.3 Critical Pressure Critical temperature: 428. and Class IA flammable liquids. Normal fire fighting procedures may be used.ncbi. Volumes 1: New York. 12 ed... V4 703  from HSDB 10. on exposure. 12 ed. would cause irritation.2.. including those requiring the use of an approved air‐purifying respirator. and that do not react with water. 4th ed. but only minor residual injury. As a result of flow.7 Physical Dangers The gas is heavier than air and may travel along the ground. 325‐20  from HSDB 10. p.

do NOT remove clothes.8‐9. 12th ed.1 First Aid Excerpt from ERG Guide 115 [Gases ‐ Flammable ﴾Including Refrigerated Liquids﴿]: Ensure that medical personnel are aware of the material﴾s﴿ involved and take precautions to protect themselves. N. 1984. explosion risk. thaw frosted parts with lukewarm water. New York.3 Skin First Aid ON FROSTBITE: rinse with plenty of water.gov/compound/trans­2­Butene 25/47 .2. when exposed to heat or flame. Sax. Do not remove clothing if adhering to skin.ncbi.. 2016﴿  from CAMEO Chemicals 10. Refer for medical attention .  from ILO‐ICSC 10. p. 1993. New York. Move victim to fresh air.4 Fire Fighting Measures Very dangerous. 6th ed.2 Inhalation First Aid Fresh air.4. Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary. Keep victim calm and warm. p. In case of burns.3. Stop flow of gas.nih. In case of contact with liquefied gas.).. Dangerous Properties of Industrial Materials. Remove and isolate contaminated clothing and shoes.nlm. 551  from HSDB 10. ﴾ERG.. immediately cool affected skin for as long as possible with cold water. 179  from HSDB vol% in air: 1.4 Eye First Aid First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes ﴾remove contact lenses if easily possible﴿. Give artificial respiration if victim is not breathing. Administer oxygen if breathing is difficult.3 First Aid Measures 10. NY: Van Nostrand Reinhold.8 Explosive Limits and Potential Dangerous . Refer for medical attention.  from ILO‐ICSC 10. Sr (Ed.2017­6­10 trans­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem 10. Clothing frozen to the skin should be thawed before being removed. NY: Van Nostrand Rheinhold Co.J.1 Fire Fighting https://pubchem. R..3.I.3.. Call 911 or emergency medical service.7  from ILO‐ICSC 10.  from ILO‐ICSC 10. /cis & trans‐2‐Butene/ Lewis. rest. then refer for medical attention.3.

nlm. ALWAYS stay away from tanks engulfed in fire. Prior to implementing land disposal of waste residue ﴾including waste sludge﴿. LARGE FIRE: Water spray or fog. 2016﴿  from CAMEO Chemicals Shut off supply. ﴾UN1978﴿.gov/compound/trans­2­Butene 26/47 .5 Accidental Release Measures 10.1 Isolation and Evacuation Excerpt from ERG Guide 115 [Gases ‐ Flammable ﴾Including Refrigerated Liquids﴿]: As an immediate precautionary measure. In other cases extinguish with water spray. consider initial evacuation for 1600 meters ﴾1 mile﴿ in all directions. Deuterium ﴾UN1957﴿ and Hydrogen. Isobutylene. ﴾UN1969﴿. FIRE INVOLVING TANKS: Fight fire from maximum distance or use unmanned hose holders or monitor nozzles. Withdraw immediately in case of rising sound from venting safety devices or discoloration of tank. and Propane. NEVER direct water jet on liquid.nih.  from ILO‐ICSC 10. ﴾UN1011﴿. FIRE: If tank.3 Disposal Methods SRP: At the time of review. Butylene.5. let the fire burn itself out. consult with environmental regulatory agencies for guidance on acceptable disposal practices. compressed ﴾UN2034﴿ may burn with an invisible flame. Move containers from fire area if you can do it without risk.2017­6­10 trans­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem Excerpt from ERG Guide 115 [Gases ‐ Flammable ﴾Including Refrigerated Liquids﴿]: DO NOT EXTINGUISH A LEAKING GAS FIRE UNLESS LEAK CAN BE STOPPED. ﴾ERG. withdraw from area and let fire burn. isolate spill or leak area for at least 100 meters ﴾330 feet﴿ in all directions. ISOLATE for 1600 meters ﴾1 mile﴿ in all directions. LARGE SPILL: Consider initial downwind evacuation for at least 800 meters ﴾1/2 mile﴿. 2016﴿  from CAMEO Chemicals 10. Combat fire from a sheltered position.ncbi. ﴾UN1055﴿. criteria for land treatment or burial ﴾sanitary landfill﴿ disposal practices are subject to significant revision. ﴾UN1077﴿.5. if this is impossible. Propylene. Do not direct water at source of leak or safety devices. icing may occur. also refer to BLEVE ‐ SAFETY PRECAUTIONS ﴾ERG page 368﴿. refrigerated liquid ﴾UN1966﴿ burn with an invisible flame. ﴾ERG. Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out.  from ILO‐ICSC 10. Butane.  from ILO‐ICSC 10.2 Explosion Fire Fighting In case of fire: keep cylinder cool by spraying with water.4 Other Preventative Measures https://pubchem. Ventilation. ﴾UN1012﴿. use unmanned hose holders or monitor nozzles.4. Hydrogen and Methane mixture. For massive fire.  from HSDB 10. Isobutane. SMALL FIRE: Dry chemical or CO2.2 Spillage Disposal Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: chemical protection suit including self‐contained breathing apparatus. also.5. rail car or tank truck is involved in a fire. if not possible and no risk to surroundings.5. CAUTION: Hydrogen ﴾UN1049﴿. In fires involving Liquefied Petroleum Gases ﴾LPG﴿ ﴾UN1075﴿.

7. turn leaking containers so that gas escapes rather than liquid. In any event.nih. the usual eye protection equipment should be worn even when contact lenses are in place. CAUTION: When in contact with refrigerated/cryogenic liquids. If possible.7. many materials become brittle and are likely to break without warning. contact lenses should not be worn.  from ILO‐ICSC 10.6.ncbi. Do not touch or walk through spilled material. All equipment used when handling the product must be grounded.7.nlm. Do not direct water at spill or source of leak.2017­6­10 trans­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem SRP: The scientific literature for the use of contact lenses in industry is conflicting. sparks or flames in immediate area﴿.3 Effects of Short Term Exposure Rapid evaporation of the liquid may cause frostbite. there may be individual substances whose irritating or corrosive properties are such that the wearing of contact lenses would be harmful to the eye. The benefit or detrimental effects of wearing contact lenses depend not only upon the substance.6 Handling and Storage 10.2 Safe Storage Fireproof. characteristics and duration of the exposure. 2016﴿  from CAMEO Chemicals 10. Avoid allowing water runoff to contact spilled material. flares. In those specific cases.  from ILO‐ICSC 10. and the hygiene of the lenses.  from ILO‐ICSC 10. Prevent spreading of vapors through sewers.1 Occupational Exposure Limits TLV ﴾NOT‐ESTABLISHED﴿:.6. However. the uses of other eye protection equipment. Exposure could cause unconsciousness.  from ILO‐ICSC https://pubchem.7 Exposure Control and Personal Protection 10.1 Nonfire Spill Response Excerpt from ERG Guide 115 [Gases ‐ Flammable ﴾Including Refrigerated Liquids﴿]: ELIMINATE all ignition sources ﴾no smoking. ventilation systems and confined areas.2 Inhalation Risk On loss of containment this substance can cause suffocation by lowering the oxygen content of the air in confined areas. The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system. ﴾ERG. Cool.  from HSDB 10. Use water spray to reduce vapors or divert vapor cloud drift.gov/compound/trans­2­Butene 27/47 . Store outside or in a separate well‐ventilated building. but also on factors including the form of the substance. Isolate area until gas has dispersed. Stop leak if you can do it without risk.

by grounding﴿ if in liquid state. Always wear thermal protective clothing when handling refrigerated/cryogenic liquids.ncbi.nih. or smoke during work.  from ILO‐ICSC 10.  from ILO‐ICSC 10. Prevent build‐up of electrostatic charges ﴾e. Insoluble in water.5 Explosion Prevention Closed system.7.4 Fire Prevention NO open flames.  from ILO‐ICSC 10.  from ILO‐ICSC 10.8. NO sparks and NO smoking.8 Eye Prevention Wear face shield.7.2017­6­10 trans­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem 10. Use non‐sparking handtools.  from ILO‐ICSC 10. drink.nlm.7.  from ILO‐ICSC 10. local exhaust or breathing protection.10 Protective Equipment and Clothing Excerpt from ERG Guide 115 [Gases ‐ Flammable ﴾Including Refrigerated Liquids﴿]: Wear positive pressure self‐ contained breathing apparatus ﴾SCBA﴿.6 Inhalation Prevention Use ventilation. Structural firefighters' protective clothing will only provide limited protection.7.7.1 Air and Water Reactions Highly flammable.gov/compound/trans­2­Butene 28/47 . 2016﴿  from CAMEO Chemicals 10. ventilation. explosion‐proof electrical equipment and lighting. Flame arrester to prevent flash‐back from burner to cylinder.7.8 Stability and Reactivity 10.7.9 Ingestion Prevention Do not eat.g.7 Skin Prevention Cold‐insulating gloves.. https://pubchem. ﴾ERG.

8. such as 2‐BUTENE‐CIS.S. Strong oxidizers may react vigorously with them. sparks or flames. 2004 Emergency Response Guidebook. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Ruptured cylinders may rocket. Washington. /Butylene/ U. Keep unauthorized personnel away. In the presence of various catalysts ﴾such as acids﴿ or initiators. Aluminum borohydride reacts with alkenes and in the presence of oxygen. 2004 Emergency Response Guidebook. Will be easily ignited by heat. tanks﴿.9.  from CAMEO Chemicals 10. Aliphatic Unsaturated  from CAMEO Chemicals 10. A Guide book for First Responders During the Initial Phase of a Dangerous Goods/Hazardous Materials Incident. 2004  from HSDB /GUIDE 115: GASES ‐ FLAMMABLE ﴾INCLUDING REFRIGERATED LIQUIDS﴿/ Public Safety: CALL Emergency Response Telephone Number. 2004  from HSDB /GUIDE 115: GASES ‐ FLAMMABLE ﴾INCLUDING REFRIGERATED LIQUIDS﴿/ Health: Vapors may cause dizziness or asphyxiation without warning.2017­6­10 trans­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem  from CAMEO Chemicals 10. Keep out of low areas. Some may be irritating if inhaled at high concentrations. D. Vapors from liquefied gas are initially heavier than air and spread along ground. Many gases are heavier than air and will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas ﴾sewers. As an immediate precautionary measure.8. /Butylene/ U. 2004 Emergency Response Guidebook.nih. Will form explosive mixtures with air..3 Reactivity Alerts Highly Flammable  from CAMEO Chemicals 10. Washington.8.C. severe injury and/or frostbite. compounds in this class can undergo very exothermic addition polymerization reactions.. combustion is initiated even in the absence of moisture. D.C. Contact with gas or liquefied gas may cause burns. Washington. 2004  from HSDB https://pubchem. isolate spill or leak area for at least 100 meters ﴾330 feet ﴿ in all directions. Department of Transportation.gov/compound/trans­2­Butene 29/47 . Cylinders exposed to fire may vent and release flammable gas through pressure relief devices. A Guide book for First Responders During the Initial Phase of a Dangerous Goods/Hazardous Materials Incident. . Fire may produce irritating and/or toxic gases.9 Transport Information 10.. basements. Reducing agents can react exothermically to release gaseous hydrogen.ncbi..S. Department of Transportation. A Guide book for First Responders During the Initial Phase of a Dangerous Goods/Hazardous Materials Incident. Containers may explode when heated.4 Reactivity Profile The unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbons. . are generally much more reactive than the alkanes.nlm. /Butylene/ U.S. Stay upwind.2 Reactive Group Hydrocarbons. D. Department of Transportation.C.1 DOT Emergency Guidelines /GUIDE 115: GASES ‐ FLAMMABLE ﴾INCLUDING REFRIGERATED LIQUIDS﴿/ Fire or Explosion: EXTREMELY FLAMMABLE.

2004 Emergency Response Guidebook. ventilation systems and confined areas.2 Shipment Methods and Regulations No person may /transport. D./ https://pubchem. and the hazardous material is properly classed. A Guide book for First Responders During the Initial Phase of a Dangerous Goods/Hazardous Materials Incident.. 2004  from HSDB /GUIDE 115: GASES ‐ FLAMMABLE ﴾INCLUDING REFRIGERATED LIQUIDS﴿/ First Aid: Move victim to fresh air. also. All equipment used when handling the product must be grounded. Fire: If tank. Use water spray to reduce vapors or divert vapor cloud drift.C. Stop leak if you can do it without risk.gov/compound/trans­2­Butene 30/47 . marked. If possible. In case of contact with liquefied gas.C. A Guide book for First Responders During the Initial Phase of a Dangerous Goods/Hazardous Materials Incident.9. Remove and isolate contaminated clothing and shoes. Do not touch or walk through spilled material. Washington. Do not remove clothing if adhering to skin. 2004  from HSDB /GUIDE 115: GASES ‐ FLAMMABLE ﴾INCLUDING REFRIGERATED LIQUIDS﴿/ Spill or Leak: ELIMINATE all ignition sources ﴾no smoking. withdraw from area and let fire burn. use unmanned hose holders or monitor nozzles. In case of burns. Washington. Washington. turn leaking containers so that gas escapes rather than liquid. Call 911 or emergency medical service.S. flares. many materials become brittle and are likely to break without warning. /Butylene/ U. Avoid allowing water runoff to contact spilled material. For massive fire. packaged. if this is impossible. Administer oxygen if breathing is difficult.S. A Guide book for First Responders During the Initial Phase of a Dangerous Goods/Hazardous Materials Incident. /the hazardous materials regulations ﴾49 CFR 171‐177﴿. Isolate area until gas has dispersed. 2004 Emergency Response Guidebook. Small fires: Dry chemical or CO2. Do not direct water at spill or source of leak.S. Keep victim warm and quiet.C. D. Department of Transportation. 2004  from HSDB /GUIDE 115: GASES ‐ FLAMMABLE ﴾INCLUDING REFRIGERATED LIQUIDS﴿/ Fire: DO NOT EXTINGUISH A LEAKING GAS FIRE UNLESS LEAK CAN BE STOPPED. Washington.. described. /Butylene/ U.. labeled. immediately cool affected skin for as long as possible with cold water. 2004 Emergency Response Guidebook.nih. ALWAYS stay away from tanks engulfed in fire. sparks or flames in immediate area﴿. Department of Transportation. Large fires: Water spray or fog. consider initial evacuation for 1600 meters ﴾1 mile﴿ in all directions. Give artificial respiration if victim is not breathing. Always wear thermal protective clothing when handling refrigerated/cryogenic liquids./ offer or accept a hazardous material for transportation in commerce unless that person is registered in conformance . Fire involving tanks: Fight fire from maximum distance or use unmanned hose holders or monitor nozzles. D. D. D. ISOLATE for 1600 meters ﴾1 mile﴿ in all directions. Prevent spreading of vapors through sewers.. 2004 Emergency Response Guidebook. Washington. thaw frosted parts with lukewarm water. CAUTION: When in contact with refrigerated/cryogenic liquids.nlm. Withdraw immediately in case of rising sound from venting safety devices or discoloration of tank. 2004 Emergency Response Guidebook.S. A Guide book for First Responders During the Initial Phase of a Dangerous Goods/Hazardous Materials Incident.. Department of Transportation.. Move containers from fire area if you can do it without risk. Structural firefighters' protective clothing will only provide limited protection.C. Department of Transportation. .C. 2004  from HSDB 10. /Butylene/ U. /Butylene/ U. and in condition for shipment as required or authorized by . Clothing frozen to the skin should be thawed before being removed. Department of Transportation. 2004  from HSDB /GUIDE 115: GASES ‐ FLAMMABLE ﴾INCLUDING REFRIGERATED LIQUIDS﴿/ Evacuation: Large spill: Consider initial downwind evacuation for at least 800 meters ﴾1/2 mile﴿.S. A Guide book for First Responders During the Initial Phase of a Dangerous Goods/Hazardous Materials Incident. Do not direct water at source of leak or safety devices. Ensure that medical personnel are aware of the material﴾s﴿ involved and take precautions to protect themselves. icing may occur.2017­6­10 trans­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem /GUIDE 115: GASES ‐ FLAMMABLE ﴾INCLUDING REFRIGERATED LIQUIDS﴿/ Protective Clothing: Wear positive pressure self‐contained breathing apparatus ﴾SCBA﴿.ncbi. Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out. rail car or tank truck is involved in a fire. /Butylene/ U.

Note: C  from ILO‐ICSC 10. International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code. International Maritime Organization p.3 DOT Label Flammable Gas  from CAMEO Chemicals 10. January. Dangerous Goods Regulations. F4.4 EC Classification Symbol: F+.9.2070 (1988)  from HSDB 10.2 (7/1/96)  from HSDB The International Air Transport Association ﴾IATA﴿ Dangerous Goods Regulations are published by the IATA Dangerous Goods Board pursuant to IATA Resolutions 618 and 619 and constitute a manual of industry carrier regulations to be followed by all IATA Member airlines when transporting hazardous materials.nlm. NFPA Code: H1. R0. R: 12. IATA.ncbi. A general index of technical names has also been compiled. 113  from HSDB The International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code lays down basic principles for transporting hazardous chemicals.2017­6­10 trans­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem 49 CFR 171.9. Dangerous Goods Board. This index should always be consulted when attempting to locate the appropriate procedures to be used when shipping any substance or article.nih. Canada and Geneva.9..gov/compound/trans­2­Butene 31/47 .  from ILO‐ICSC https://pubchem.9. S: ﴾2﴿‐9‐16‐33. IMDG. p. 1997. 38th ed.5 UN Classification UN Hazard Class: 2. Switzerland: International Air Transport Association. Detailed recommendations for individual substances and a number of recommendations for good practice are included in the classes dealing with such substances.6 Emergency Response Transport Emergency Card: TEC ﴾R﴿‐20S1012 or 20G2F.1  from ILO‐ICSC 10. Montreal.

.. p. Monitor cardiac rhythm and treat arrhythmias as necessary .  from ILO‐ICSC 11. Treat seizures with diazepam ﴾Valium﴿ . Emergency Care for Hazardous Materials Exposure. Watch for signs of fluid overload. flush eyes immediately with water. For ingestion. For eye contamination. 2nd ed. Watch for signs of respiratory insufficiency and assist ventilations if necessary. Monitor for pulmonary edema and treat if necessary .. p.  from ILO‐ICSC 11.1. Irrigate each eye continuously with normal saline during transport ..5 Antidote and Emergency Treatment Basic Treatment: Establish a patent airway..C.. Do not use emetics. P. MO.. Use proparacaine hydrochloride to assist eye irrigation . Mosby Lifeline.ncbi.. Currance. 209‐210  from HSDB Advanced treatment: Consider orotracheal or nasotracheal intubation for airway control in the patient who is unconscious or in respiratory arrest. Currance.C. /Aliphatic hydrocarbons and related compounds/ Bronstein. Consider drug therapy for pulmonary edema .  from ILO‐ICSC 11.gov/compound/trans­2­Butene 32/47 .. rinse mouth and administer 5 mL/kg up to 200 mL of water for dilution if the patient can swallow...1. 1994. 1994.1. Emergency Care for Hazardous Materials Exposure. 2nd ed.4 Eye Symptoms See Skin. Louis.nih.2017­6­10 trans­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem 11 Toxicity 11. Anticipate seizures and treat as necessary .1 Toxicological Information 11.. St...nlm. and does not drool.  from ILO‐ICSC 11.1. Administer oxygen by nonrebreather mask at 10 to 15 L/min..3 Skin Symptoms ON CONTACT WITH LIQUID: FROSTBITE. minimal flow rate/. 210  from HSDB https://pubchem. Administer activated charcoal . Mosby Lifeline... Louis. MO. has a strong gag reflex. A. Positive‐pressure ventilation techniques with a bag‐valve‐mask device may be beneficial. A..L. Use lactated Ringer's if signs of hypovolemia are present.1. St. Start an IV with D5W TKO /SRP: "To keep open".L. /Aliphatic hydrocarbons and related compounds/ Bronstein.. P... Treat frostbite with rapid rewarming techniques .1 Exposure Routes The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation. Suction if necessary.2 Inhalation Symptoms Dizziness. Unconsciousness..

. 1247  from HSDB It is a cardiac sensitizer in dogs. Estimated volatilization half‐lives for a model river and model lake are 0.. 1993‐1994.. a vapor pressure of 1. IN MICE & ABOUT 19% ﴾120 TO 420 MG/L﴿ IS FATAL. 4th ed. 1247  from HSDB Concentrations of 13 to 13.750 ﴾trans﴿ and 1. Hydrolysis is not expected due to a lack of hydrolyzable functional groups. cross‐linking agent and an intermediate in the synthesis of butadiene may result in its release to the environment through various waste streams.gov/compound/trans­2­Butene 33/47 . 2D. 2F: Toxicology. 1993‐1994. G. The general population may be exposed to 2‐ butene via inhalation of ambient air. Volatilization from moist soil surfaces is expected to be an important fate process based upon Henry's Law constants of 0. 2B.2. 2E. NY: John Wiley & Sons Inc. a vapor pressure of 1. ABOUT 13 TO 13.. Volumes 2A.. Occupational exposure to 2‐butene may occur through inhalation and dermal contact with this compound at workplaces where 2‐butene is produced or used. If released into water. Clayton. p... 2‐Butene may volatilize from dry soil surfaces based upon the vapor pressure. 2F: Toxicology.75 and 71 hours..).E.5% ﴾300 to 400 mg/L﴿ causes deep CNS depression in mice and about 19% ﴾120 to 420 mg/L﴿ is fatal. New York.nlm. 1993‐1994. R. Clayton (eds. 2E. If released to air.5% ﴾300 OR 400 MG/L﴿ CAUSES DEEP /SRP: CNS DEPRESSION/ . 12th ed. It is a mild mucous membrane irritant. An estimated BCF of 12 suggests the potential for bioconcentration in aquatic organisms is low.7 Non‐Human Toxicity Excerpts BUTYLENE‐2 APPEARS SOMEWHAT MORE HIGHLY /SRP: CNS DEPRESSANT/ THAN BUTENE‐1. Nighttime degradation by the reaction with nitrate radicals is also expected to be a significant removal process with a half‐life of 0. If released to soil.750 mm Hg at 25 deg C indicates trans‐2‐butene will exist solely as a gas in the ambient atmosphere.64 to 6 hours. G. IT APPEARS TO BE A LOW MUCOUS MEMBRANE IRRITANT. 4th ed.ncbi. 2D. Clayton (eds.) Patty's Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology. p.1.) Patty's Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology. F. the half‐life for these reactions in air are estimated to be in the range of 0.1. Volatilization from water surfaces is expected to be an important fate process based upon the Henry's Law constants. Volumes 2A. 179  from HSDB 11.D. New York.E. NY: John Wiley & Sons Inc.. 2C. p. Sr (Ed.. 1247  from HSDB 11. F. ﴾SRC﴿  from HSDB trans‐2‐Butene's production and use as a solvent. Volumes 2A. New York. G. 1993. NY: John Wiley & Sons Inc. F.224‐0. 2C. 2‐butene is expected to have moderate mobility based upon estimated Koc values of 430‐440.) Patty's Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology. 2‐butene is expected to adsorb to suspended solids and sediment in water based upon the estimated Koc values. p.E. 2D. If released to air.600 ﴾cis﴿ mm Hg at 25 deg C indicates 2‐butene will exist solely as a gas in the ambient atmosphere.. It is a cardiac sensitizer in dogs. https://pubchem.5 hours.D.1 Environmental Fate/Exposure Summary 2‐Butene's production and use as a solvent. Clayton.. Clayton (eds. 4th ed.. 2E. 2‐Butene was biodegraded by pure cultures isolated from soil and water. respectively. New York.D.2 Ecological Information 11. 2B. NY: Van Nostrand Rheinhold Co. Clayton. Gas‐ phase 2‐butene will be degraded in the atmosphere by reaction with photochemically‐produced hydroxyl radicals and ozone molecules. 2F: Toxicology. Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary. 2C.6 Human Toxicity Excerpts Asphyxiant gas /cis & trans‐2‐Butene/ Lewis. 2B.2017­6­10 trans­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem 11. cross‐linking agent and an intermediate in the synthesis of butadiene may result in its release to the environment through various waste streams.J.nih.231 atm‐cu m/mole.

p. 1996. Gerhartz W et al Eds. Clayton (eds. cross‐linking agent and an intermediate in the synthesis of butadiene﴾1﴿ may result in its release to the environment through various waste streams﴾SRC﴿..3‐0.. 2E.2017­6­10 trans­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem Gas‐phase trans‐2‐butene will be degraded in the atmosphere by reaction with photochemically‐produced hydroxyl radicals and ozone molecules.75 and 71 hours. Verschueren. 1996. Nighttime degradation by the reaction with nitrate radicals is also expected to be a significant removal process with a half‐life of 0. 360  from HSDB Trans‐2‐butene is found in: exhaust of diesel engine at 0. (ed.ncbi. NJ: Merck and Co. evaporite from carburetor at 0.. Clayton. Budavari. If released into water. and Biologicals.. 5TH ed. 179 (1993)  from HSDB Trans‐2‐butene has expected ground level concentration in the United States urban air of 5‐10 ppb. If released to soil. (1) Obenaus F et al. New York.D. K. NY.3 Artificial Sources OCCURS IN COAL GAS. Drugs. Verschueren. 2C. Volatilization from moist soil surfaces is expected to be an important fate process based upon a Henry's Law constant of 0. respectively.6 vol%. Ullmann's Encycl Indust Tech. p. Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary.). 251  from HSDB BUTENE‐2 HAS BEEN DETECTED IN DIESEL EXHAUST. New York. Estimated volatilization half‐lives for a model river and model lake are 0. trans‐2‐Butene was biodegraded by pure cultures isolated from soil and water. 1247  from HSDB 2‐Butene's production and use as a solvent... p. Volumes 2A.. trans‐2‐butene is expected to adsorb to suspended solids and sediment in water based upon the estimated Koc. Whitehouse Station. Handbook of Environmental Data on Organic Chemicals. 360 https://pubchem. 1993‐1994. Handbook of Environmental Data on Organic Chemicals. K. the half‐life for these reactions in air are estimated to be in the range of 0. NY: Van Nostrand Reinhold Co.224 atm‐cu m/mole.5 hours. 2F: Toxicology. and exposure to engine exhaust. 2B. New York. p.E.2 Natural Occurring Sources 2‐Butene is an anthropogenic compound and it is not known to exist in nature﴾1﴿. NY: Van Nostrand Reinhold Co. Inc. trans‐2‐butene is expected to have moderate mobility based upon an estimated Koc of 430.. Occupational exposure to trans‐2‐butene may occur through inhalation and dermal contact with this compound at workplaces where trans‐2‐butene is produced or used. 483‐94 in Ullmann's Encycl Indust Tech A4 5th ed. G. Hydrolysis is not expected due to a lack of hydrolyzable functional groups. 3rd ed. The Merck Index ‐ An Encyclopedia of Chemicals. Gerhartz W et al Eds VCH Publ (1985)  from HSDB trans‐2‐Butene is an anthropogenic compound and it is not known to exist in nature﴾1﴿. Volatilization from water surfaces is expected to be an important fate process based upon this compound's estimated Henry's Law constant. (1) Lewis RJ. evaporite from gasoline fuel tank at 4. NY: John Wiley & Sons Inc.2.nlm. NY: Van Nostrand Reinhold Co. VCH Publishers A4: 483‐94 (1985)  from HSDB 11.) Patty's Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology. (1) Obenaus F et al. F. An estimated BCF of 12 suggests the potential for bioconcentration in aquatic organisms is low. pp. 2D.8 vol%. S. ﴾SRC﴿  from HSDB 11. 12th ed. handling of fuel. The general population may be exposed to trans‐2‐butene via inhalation of ambient air. trans‐2‐Butene may volatilize from dry soil surfaces based upon its vapor pressure.. 4th ed.2.gov/compound/trans­2­Butene 34/47 . p.64 to 6 hours.nih.5 vol%.. 3rd ed.. 1996.

75 and 71 hours.31 and 2. Res Rev 85: 17‐28 (1983) (2) Hansch C et al. volatilization half‐lives for a model river and model lake are 0. Volatilization of trans‐2‐butene from moist soil surfaces is expected to be an important fate process﴾SRC﴿ given a Henry's Law constant of 0. from the log Kow values﴾2﴿ and a regression‐derived equation﴾6﴿. Res Rev 85: 17‐28 (1983) (2) Hansch C et al. 2‐ Butene is expected to volatilize from dry soil surfaces based upon vapor pressures of 1.231 atm‐cu m/mole﴾4﴿. DC: Amer Chem Soc (1995) (3) Lyman WJ et al. Chemosphere 29: 1501‐14 (1994) (6) Meylan WM et al.750 mm Hg at 25 deg C﴾5﴿. Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary. Danner RP.nih. Environ Toxicol Chem 18: 664‐672 (1999) (7) Patel RW et al. 15‐1 to 15‐29 (1990) (4) Wasik SP.31 and 2. Physical and Thermodynamic Properties of Pure Chemicals Data Compilation Washington.11X10‐13 cu cm/molecule‐sec at 25 deg C﴾5﴿. suggests the potential for bioconcentration in aquatic organisms is low. The half‐life for the reaction with hydroxyl radicals is estimated to be 6 hours﴾SRC﴿ calculated from its rate constant of 6. Tsang W. estimated Koc values of 430‐440 for the cis‐ and trans‐ isomers﴾SRC﴿.33﴾2﴿ and a regression‐derived equation﴾3﴿. Using these Henry's Law constant and an estimation method﴾3﴿. (1) Swann RL et al. J Phys Chem Ref Data Monograph 1 (1989) (4) Atkinson R. ozone molecules and nitrate radicals﴾SRC﴿.32X10‐16 cu cm/molecule‐sec at 25 deg C﴾4﴿. determined from a log Kow of 2.224 atm‐cu m/mole﴾4﴿. indicates that 2‐butene is expected to have moderate mobility in soil. respectively﴾SRC﴿. 4‐9. 2‐butene. which has a vapor pressure of 1. Environ Sci Technol 22: 361‐367 (1988) (2) Daubert TE.33﴾2﴿ and a regression‐derived equation﴾3﴿.224 and 0. The half‐life for the nighttime reaction with nitrate radicals is estimated to be 0. (1) Swann RL et al. Handbook of Chemical Property Estimation Methods.. indicates that 2‐butene is expected to adsorb to suspended solids and sediment in water﴾SRC﴿. DC: Amer Chem Soc pp. DC: Amer Chem Soc pp. DC: Amer Chem Soc (1995) (3) Lyman WJ et al.750 ﴾trans﴿ mm Hg at 25 deg C﴾2﴿. 4‐9 (1990) (4) Wasik SP. Tsang W. Washington. 5‐10. determined from log Kow values of 2. 179 (1993)  from HSDB 11. Washington. Rev Ind Microbiol 23: 187‐205 (1982)  from HSDB ATMOSPHERIC FATE: According to a model of gas/particle partitioning of semivolatile organic compounds in the atmosphere﴾1﴿. 5‐4. Gas‐phase 2‐butene is degraded in the atmosphere by reaction with photochemically‐produced hydroxyl radicals. Exploring QSAR Fundamentals and Applications in Chemistry and Biology.gov/compound/trans­2­Butene 35/47 . The half‐life for the reaction with ozone molecules is estimated to be 0. (1) Bidleman TF.600 ﴾cis﴿ and 1.231 atm‐cu m/mole﴾4﴿.600 and 1. DC: Taylor and Francis (1989) (6) Patel RW et al. estimated Koc values of 430 and 440 for the cis‐ and trans‐ isomers﴾SRC﴿. p. Volatilization of 2‐butene from moist soil surfaces is expected to be an important fate process﴾SRC﴿ given Henry's Law constants of 0.nlm.5 hours﴾SRC﴿ calculated from rate constants of 1. determined from log Kow values of 2. Exploring QSAR Fundamentals and Applications in Chemistry and Biology.4 Environmental Fate TERRESTRIAL FATE: Based on a classification scheme﴾1﴿.98X10‐17 to 4.4X10‐11 cu cm/molecule‐sec at 25 deg C﴾3﴿. Washington. Rev Ind Microbiol 23: 187‐205 (1982)  from HSDB AQUATIC FATE: Based on a classification scheme﴾1﴿. indicates that trans‐2‐butene is expected to have moderate mobility in soil. Chem Rev 84: 437‐70 (1984) (5) Atkinson R et al. Danner RP.224 and 0. (1) Lewis RJ.2017­6­10 trans­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem  from HSDB trans‐2‐Butene's production and use as a solvent. an estimated Koc value of 430﴾SRC﴿. Handbook of Chemical Property Estimation Methods. According to a classification scheme﴾5﴿. is expected to exist solely as a gas in the ambient atmosphere. an estimated BCF of 12﴾SRC﴿. cross‐linking agent and an intermediate in the synthesis of butadiene﴾1﴿ may result in its release to the environment through various waste streams﴾SRC﴿. Volatilization from water surfaces is expected﴾3﴿ based upon Henry's Law constant of 0. Washington. Carter WPL. J Phys Chem 74: 2970‐76 (1970) (5) Daubert TE.2. J Phys Chem 74: 2970‐76 (1970) (5) Franke C et al.64‐4. trans‐2‐Butene may volatilize from dry soil https://pubchem.31﴾2﴿ and a regression‐derived equation﴾3﴿.89X10‐13 to 2. J Phys Chem 88: 1210‐6 (1984)  from HSDB TERRESTRIAL FATE: Based on a classification scheme﴾1﴿. Pure cultures of methanotrophic bacteria isolated from soil and water were found to oxidize 2‐butene to 2‐ butene‐1‐ol﴾7﴿. DC: Taylor and Francis (1989) (3) Atkinson R. 12th ed. Pure cultures of methanotrophic bacteria isolated from soil and water were found to oxidize 2‐butene to 2‐ butene‐1‐ol﴾6﴿. Physical and Thermodynamic Properties of Pure Chemicals Data Compilation Washington.ncbi. NY.6 hours﴾SRC﴿ calculated from rate constants in the range of 5. NY: Van Nostrand Reinhold Co.

Exploring QSAR Fundamentals and Applications in Chemistry and Biology. Rev Ind Microbiol 23: 187‐205 (1982)  from HSDB AQUATIC FATE: Based on a classification scheme﴾1﴿. Rev Ind Microbiol 23: 187‐205 (1982)  from HSDB 11. Pure cultures isolated from soil and lake water samples degraded 2‐butene to 2. J Phys Chem 88: 1210‐6 (1984)  from HSDB 11. J Phys Chem 74: 2970‐76 (1970) (5) Franke C et al. J Phys Chem 74: 2970‐76 (1970) (5) Daubert TE. App Environ Microbiol 38: 127‐34 (1979) (2) Patel RW et al. Physical and Thermodynamic Properties of Pure Chemicals Data Compilation Washington. Handbook of Chemical Property Estimation Methods. Chem Rev 84: 437‐70 (1984) (5) Atkinson R et al.nlm. Physical and Thermodynamic Properties of Pure Chemicals Data Compilation Washington. ozone molecules and nitrate radicals﴾SRC﴿.2017­6­10 trans­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem surfaces based upon a vapor pressure of 1. Res Rev 85: 17‐28 (1983) (2) Hansch C et al.gov/compound/trans­2­Butene 36/47 . Tsang W. Washington. 5‐10.nih. The half‐life for the reaction with ozone molecules is estimated to be 0. (1) Patel RW et al. The half‐life for the nighttime reaction with nitrate radicals is estimated to be 0. Environ Toxicol Chem 18: 664‐672 (1999) (7) Patel RW et al. DC: Amer Chem Soc (1995) (3) Lyman WJ et al. Washington. Pure cultures of methanotrophic bacteria isolated from soil and water were found to oxidize 2‐butene to 2‐butene‐1‐ol﴾7﴿. 4‐9 (1990) (4) Wasik SP. Volatilization from water surfaces is expected﴾3﴿ based upon a Henry's Law constant of 0.6 Abiotic Degredation The rate constant for the gas‐phase reaction of 2‐butene with photochemically‐produced hydroxyl radicals has been measured as 6. (1) Hou CT et al. The half‐life for the reaction with hydroxyl radicals is estimated to be 6 hours﴾SRC﴿ calculated from its rate constant of 6. Rev Ind Microbiol 23: 187‐205 (1982)  from HSDB ATMOSPHERIC FATE: According to a model of gas/particle partitioning of semivolatile organic compounds in the atmosphere﴾1﴿. determined from a log Kow of 2. Pure cultures of methanotrophic bacteria isolated from soil and water were found to oxidize 2‐ butene to 2‐butene‐1‐ol﴾2﴿. Rev Ind Microbiol 23: 187‐205 (1982) (2) Hou CT et al. suggests the potential for bioconcentration in aquatic organisms is low. (1) Swann RL et al. J Phys Chem Ref Data Monograph 1 (1989) (4) Atkinson R. 5‐4.64‐4. indicates that trans‐2‐butene is expected to adsorb to suspended solids and sediment in water﴾SRC﴿. Washington.11X10‐13 cu cm/molecule‐sec at 25 deg C﴾5﴿. an estimated Koc value of 430﴾SRC﴿.31﴾2﴿ and a regression‐derived equation﴾3﴿. Handbook of Chemical Property Estimation Methods. trans‐2‐butene. DC: Taylor and Francis (1989) (3) Atkinson R. DC: Amer Chem Soc (1995) (3) Lyman WJ et al. Tsang W. Danner RP. DC: Amer Chem Soc pp.32X10‐16 cu cm/molecule‐sec at 25 deg C﴾4﴿.98X10‐17 to 4. According to a classification scheme﴾5﴿. Carter WPL. (1) Bidleman TF. DC: Taylor and Francis (1989) (6) Patel RW et al.75 and 71 hours. Chemosphere 29: 1501‐14 (1994) (6) Meylan WM et al.2.3‐epoxybutane﴾1﴿. Danner RP. from its log Kow﴾2﴿ and a regression‐derived equation﴾6﴿. Environ Sci Technol 22: 361‐367 (1988) (2) Daubert TE.224 atm‐cu m/mole﴾4﴿.2. respectively﴾SRC﴿. an estimated BCF of 12﴾SRC﴿.39X10‐11 cu cm/molecule‐sec at 25 deg C﴾3﴿. (1) Swann RL et al. Washington.5 hours﴾SRC﴿ calculated from its rate constant of 2. Using this Henry's Law constant and an estimation method﴾3﴿. DC: Amer Chem Soc pp. Pure cultures of methanotrophic bacteria isolated from soil and water were found to oxidize 2‐butene to 2‐butene‐1‐ol﴾6﴿. This corresponds to an atmospheric half‐life of about 6 https://pubchem. Exploring QSAR Fundamentals and Applications in Chemistry and Biology. Gas‐phase trans‐2‐butene is degraded in the atmosphere by reaction with photochemically‐produced hydroxyl radicals. which has a vapor pressure of 1. Res Rev 85: 17‐28 (1983) (2) Hansch C et al. is expected to exist solely as a gas in the ambient atmosphere.5 Biodegredation Pure cultures of methanotrophic bacteria isolated from soil and water were found to oxidize 2‐butene to 2‐butene‐1‐ ol﴾1﴿.3‐epoxybutane﴾2﴿.6 hours﴾SRC﴿ calculated from rate constants in the range of 5. 4‐9.4X10‐11 cu cm/molecule‐sec at 25 deg C﴾1﴿.750 mm Hg at 25 deg C﴾2﴿. 15‐1 to 15‐29 (1990) (4) Wasik SP. volatilization half‐ lives for a model river and model lake are 0.ncbi. Appl Environ Microbiol 46: 171‐77 (1983)  from HSDB Microorganisms isolated from soil or water and raised on ethylene were found to epoxidize trans‐2‐butene to trans‐ 2.750 mm Hg at 25 deg C﴾5﴿.

According to a classification scheme﴾3﴿.39X10‐11 cu cm/molecule‐sec at 25 deg C﴾1﴿. This corresponds to an atmospheric half‐life of about 0. 2‐Butene is not expected to undergo hydrolysis in the environment due to the lack of hydrolyzable functional groups﴾4﴿ nor to directly photolyze due to the lack of absorption in the environmental UV spectrum. The Koc of cis‐2‐butene is estimated as 440﴾SRC﴿. Handbook of Chemical Property Estimation Methods. Handbook of Chemical Property Estimation Methods.89X10‐13 to 2. 7‐5 (1990)  from HSDB The rate constant for the gas‐phase reaction of trans‐2‐butene with photochemically‐produced hydroxyl radicals has been measured as 6. (1) Atkinson R. J Phys Chem 88: 1210‐6 (1984) (4) Lyman WJ et al.nlm. Washington. The rate constant for the gas‐phase reaction of 2‐butene with ozone molecules has been measured in the range of 5. Washington. This corresponds to an atmospheric half‐life of about 0. DC: Amer Chem Soc pp. using a log Kow of 2.5 hours at an atmospheric concentration of 2X10+9 nitrate radicals per cu cm﴾3﴿. trans‐2‐Butene is not expected to undergo hydrolysis in the environment due to the lack of hydrolyzable functional groups﴾4﴿ nor to directly photolyze due to the lack of absorption in the environmental UV spectrum. (1) Hansch C et al. Carter WPL.2017­6­10 trans­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem hours at an atmospheric concentration of 5X10+5 hydroxyl radicals per cu cm﴾1﴿. This corresponds to an atmospheric half‐life of about 0. J Phys Chem 88: 1210‐6 (1984) (4) Lyman WJ et al.64 to 4. Washington.6 hours at an atmospheric concentration of 7X10+11 ozone molecules per cu cm﴾2﴿. Chem Rev 84: 437‐70 (1984) (3) Atkinson R et al. According to a classification scheme﴾3﴿.7 Bioconcentration An estimated BCF of 12 was calculated for 2‐butene﴾SRC﴿. Washington. This corresponds to an atmospheric half‐life of about 6 hours at an atmospheric concentration of 5X10+5 hydroxyl radicals per cu cm﴾1﴿.64 to 4. (1) Atkinson R. DC: Amer Chem Soc (1995)(2) Meylan WM et al.2. Chem Rev 85: 69‐201 (1985) (2) Atkinson R.98X10‐17 to 4. Environ Toxicol Chem 18: 664‐672 (1999) (3) Franke C et al. DC: Amer Chem Soc pp. This corresponds to an atmospheric half‐life of about 0.2. 4‐9 (1990) (3) Swann RL et al. Exploring QSAR Fundamentals and Applications in Chemistry and Biology. The rate constant for the gas‐phase nighttime reaction of 2‐butene with nitrate radicals has been measured as 1. (1) Hansch C et al. DC: Amer Chem Soc pp.33 and 2.11X10‐13 cu cm/molecule‐sec at 25 deg C﴾3﴿.33﴾1﴿ and a regression‐derived equation﴾2﴿. The rate constant for the gas‐ phase nighttime reaction of trans‐2‐butene with nitrate radicals has been measured as 2. According to a classification scheme﴾3﴿. Carter WPL.6 hours at an atmospheric concentration of 7X10+11 ozone molecules per cu cm﴾2﴿.8 Soil Adsorption/Mobility The Koc of trans‐2‐butene is estimated as 430﴾SRC﴿. Exploring QSAR Fundamentals and Applications in Chemistry and Biology. this BCF suggests the potential for bioconcentration in aquatic organisms is low. Washington.31 for the cis and trans isomers.98X10‐17 to 4. 7‐4.5 hours at an atmospheric concentration of 2X10+9 nitrate radicals per cu cm﴾3﴿. Environ Toxicol Chem 18: 664‐672 (1999) (3) Franke C et al. DC: Amer Chem Soc (1995) (2) Lyman WJ et al. Chem Rev 84: 437‐70 (1984)(3) Atkinson R et al. DC: Amer Chem Soc (1995)(2) Meylan WM et al. 7‐5 (1990)  from HSDB 11. Chemosphere 29: 1501‐14 (1994)  from HSDB 11.nih.32X10‐16 cu cm/molecule‐sec at 25 deg C﴾2﴿. The rate constant for the gas‐phase reaction of trans‐2‐butene with ozone molecules has been measured in the range of 5. 7‐4. respectively﴾1﴿ and a regression‐derived equation﴾2﴿. this BCF suggests the potential for bioconcentration in aquatic organisms is low. Exploring QSAR Fundamentals and Applications in Chemistry and Biology. using a log Kow of 2. using a log Kow of 2. Handbook of Chemical Property Estimation Methods. these estimated Koc values suggest that 2‐butene is expected to have moderate mobility in soil.31﴾1﴿ and a regression‐derived equation﴾2﴿.11X10‐13 cu cm/molecule‐ sec at 25 deg C﴾3﴿. Washington.gov/compound/trans­2­Butene 37/47 .ncbi.31﴾1﴿ and a regression‐derived equation﴾2﴿. Res Rev 85: 17‐28 (1983) https://pubchem. using log Kow values of 2.32X10‐16 cu cm/molecule‐sec at 25 deg C﴾2﴿. Chemosphere 29: 1501‐14 (1994)  from HSDB An estimated BCF of 12 was calculated for trans‐2‐butene﴾SRC﴿. Chem Rev 85: 69‐201 (1985)(2) Atkinson R. (1) Hansch C et al.

31﴾1﴿ and a regression‐derived equation﴾2﴿. The average concentration of 2‐butene in the exhaust of 67 Australian gasoline vehicles was 1.2017­6­10 trans­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem  from HSDB The Koc of trans‐2‐butene is estimated as 430﴾SRC﴿. Handbook of Chemical Property Estimation Methods. (1) Rogak SN et al. the volatilization half‐life from a model river ﴾1 m deep.1% w/w of the total non methane hydrocarbons﴾2﴿.2.58 kilo tons﴾1﴿. wind velocity of 0.05 m/sec.nlm. Chemosphere 9: 187‐230 (1980) (3) Junk GA. DC: Taylor and Francis (1989)  from HSDB The Henry's Law constant for trans‐2‐butene is 0.10 Effluents Concentrations 2‐Butene was listed as a compound present in both gasoline and the exhaust from motor vehicles﴾1﴿. Handbook of Chemical Property Estimation Methods. Washington. DC: Amer Chem Soc (1995) (2) Lyman WJ et al. 4‐9 (1990) (3) Swann RL et al.750 mm Hg ﴾trans﴿ and 1. J Air Waste Manage Assoc 47: 945‐52 (1997) (3) Fraser MP et al. The estimated annual emissions of 2‐butene from gasoline powered vehicles in the UK in 1983 was 5. Chemosphere 30: 1813‐17 (1995)  from HSDB https://pubchem. wind velocity of 0.75 hours﴾SRC﴿.224 atm‐cu m/mole﴾1﴿.75 hours﴾SRC﴿. The emission rate of 2‐butene from ferries with diesel engines was reported as 0. Tsang W. Washington. DC: Amer Chem Soc pp. Physical and Thermodynamic Properties of Pure Chemicals Data Compilation Washington. Washington. The volatilization half‐life from a model lake ﴾1 m deep. Based on these Henry's Law constants. in automobile emissions in Canada﴾1﴿ and 4‐stroke lawn mowers﴾2﴿.05 m/sec. J Geophys Res 98: 2851‐64 (1993) (6) Ostermark U. Ford CD. 2‐Butene was identified as a stack emission from a waste incinerator﴾3﴿. not quantified. flowing 0. DC: Taylor and Francis (1989)  from HSDB 11. DC: Amer Chem Soc pp. Danner RP. Res Rev 85: 17‐28 (1983)  from HSDB 11. This Henry's Law constant indicates that trans‐2‐butene is expected to volatilize rapidly from water surfaces﴾2﴿. flowing 1 m/sec. Danner RP. flowing 1 m/sec. flowing 0. Atmos Environ 30: 2463‐73 (1996) (5) Blake NJ et al. (1) Hansch C et al. 2‐Butene may volatilize from dry soil surfaces﴾SRC﴿ based upon a vapor pressure of 1. this estimated Koc value suggests that trans‐2‐butene is expected to have moderate mobility in soil.9 Volatilization from Water/Soil The Henry's Law constant for 2‐butene is 0. Ford CD. 15‐1 to 15‐29 (1990) (3) Daubert TE.750 mm Hg at 25 deg C﴾3﴿.1‐0. Based on this Henry's Law constant. Car exhaust in London. Tsang W. (1) Wasik SP.3 mg/kWh﴾4﴿. trans‐2‐Butene may volatilize from dry soil surfaces﴾SRC﴿ based upon a vapor pressure of 1.231 atm‐cu m/mole ﴾cis﴿﴾1﴿. Atmos Environ 24A: 43‐52 (1990) (2) Junk GA. The volatilization half‐life from a model lake ﴾1 m deep.ncbi. England contained 2‐butene at an avg concn of 648 and 822 ppb﴾5﴿.224 atm‐cu m/mole ﴾trans﴿ and 0.2. (1) Bailey JC et al.nih. wind velocity of 3 m/sec﴿﴾2﴿ is estimated as 0. Environ Sci Technol 32: 2051‐60 (1998) (4) Cooper DA et al. DC: Amer Chem Soc pp. J Air Waste Manage Assoc 48: 604‐15 (1998) (2) Gabele P.12‐5. Chemosphere 9: 187‐230 (1980)  from HSDB 2‐Butene was identified. J Phys Chem 74: 2970‐76 (1970) (2) Lyman WJ et al. 15‐1 to 15‐29 (1990) (3) Daubert TE.5 m/sec﴿﴾2﴿ is estimated as 71 hours﴾SRC﴿. J Phys Chem 74: 2970‐76 (1970) (2) Lyman WJ et al.600 mm Hg ﴾cis﴿ at 25 deg C﴾3﴿.7 ug/cu m in the effluent of a Swedish cat‐cracking refinery﴾6﴿. using a log Kow of 2. Handbook of Chemical Property Estimation Methods. the volatilization half‐life from a model river ﴾1 m deep.5 m/sec﴿﴾2﴿ is estimated as 71 hours﴾SRC﴿. Exploring QSAR Fundamentals and Applications in Chemistry and Biology. Washington. 2‐Butene was detected at concns of 1. (1) Wasik SP.gov/compound/trans­2­Butene 38/47 . wind velocity of 3 m/sec﴿﴾2﴿ is estimated as 0. According to a classification scheme﴾3﴿. Physical and Thermodynamic Properties of Pure Chemicals Data Compilation Washington. The emission rate of 2‐butene from typical automobiles was reported as 27‐37 mg per liter of gasoline﴾3﴿. These Henry's Law constants indicate that 2‐butene is expected to volatilize rapidly from water surfaces﴾2﴿.

2﴿. TX﴾4﴿. J Air Waste Manage Assoc 45: 383‐94 (1995) (2) Blake NJ et al. TX. was 2.2 mg/l in August of 1994 when low oxygenated fuels ﴾0. Australia. Car exhaust in London. CA at mean concn of 6.2. was 5. Atmos Environ 19: 1899‐904 (1985) (3) Nelson PF. (1) Rogak SN et al. The observed background level of 2‐butene in Sidney.3 and 0. (1) Conner TL et al.7 kton﴾3﴿. 2‐Butene was qualitatively identified in roadway air samples﴾6﴿.0‐6.1 mg/kWh﴾4﴿. Atmos Environ 24A: 43‐52 (1990) (2) Colbeck I. Sweden﴾4﴿. TX: June (1978) (4) Siddiqui AA.2017­6­10 trans­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem Trans‐2‐butene is listed as a compound present both in gasoline and in the exhaust of motor vehicles﴾1. Environ Sci Technol 32: 2051‐60 (1998) (4) Cooper DA et al. The average concentration of 2‐butene and isobutene.5 and 2. as a mixture with 1. measured in 780 samples from Houston. OH June (1979) (3) Monson PR et al. Anal Chem 57: 2619‐34 (1985) (7) Seila RL. Harrison RM. Chemosphere 25: 691‐96 (1992)  from HSDB URBAN/SUBURBAN: 2‐Butene was detected.02 ppm in three sampling expeditions in Pasadena. Non‐ Urban Hydrocarbon Concentrations in Ambient Air North of Houston. respectively﴾2﴿. J Air Waste Manage Assoc 47: 945‐52 (1997) (3) Fraser MP et al. (1) Bozzelli JW et al. rural. The concn of 2‐butene at an unspecified street in London. The concentration of 2‐butene taken from the top of an 82 story building at noon in New York City. J Air Pollut Control Assoc 17: 147‐53 (1967) (6) Stump FD. Burleson FR. Atmos Environ 18: 79‐87 (1984) (5) Grosjean D. was determined in the air of Jones State Forest. Worley FLJR. Environ Sci Tech 23: 1506‐14 (1989)  from HSDB trans‐2‐Butene was identified. 1983. ranged from 5.3‐butadiene.1 ug/cu m﴾1﴿.gov/compound/trans­2­Butene 39/47 . is 4.6% w/w of non‐methane hydrocarbons﴾4﴿.334‐0. in 1978﴾7﴿. The estimated annual emissions of trans‐2‐butene from gasoline powered vehicles in the UK.012 ppm and from not detected to 0. The average concn of trans‐2‐butene in the exhaust of 67 Australian gasolines vehicles was 0. Dropkin DL. (1) Bailey JC et al.159 ppb at airports in Atlanta. Houston Oxidant Field Study: Summer 1977. J Air Pollut Control Assoc 17: 147‐53 (1967) (3) Bailey JC et al.7 ug/cu m﴾2﴿. J Air Waste Manage Assoc 48: 604‐15 (1998) (2) Gabele P. NJ.1‐9 ppb﴾2﴿. and polluted rural locations in NW England. Environ Sci Technol 30: 661‐70 (1996) (4) Barrefors G. The mean concentration of 2‐butene in urban. Sampling. 1965‐66 was 10. Australia. in the Tingstad Tunnel. 2‐Butene was reported in the Caldecott Tunnel.6 ppb. 38 (1980) (2) Altwicker ER. USEPA‐600/3‐79‐010 (1979)  from HSDB URBAN/SUBURBAN: The estimated annual mean concentration of 2‐butene in London. respectively﴾5﴿. 1983. The emission rate of trans‐2‐butene from typical automobiles was reported as 37 mg/l of gasoline﴾3﴿.0 ppb. was 4 ppb﴾3﴿. Summer 1977. England was reported as 7. The concentration of 2‐butene in two rooftop samples taken in Riverside.408 ppb along roadsides and at 0.1 and 5. not quantified. J Geophys Res 98: 2851‐64 (1993) (3) Kirschstetter TW et al. Quigley SM. in the air of Elizabeth and Pine Barrens. 72 Ann Mtg Air Poll Control Assoc Cincinnati. 1979﴾1﴿. was 27. NJ Dept Environ Prot p. Quigley SM.3%﴿ were being employed in the San Francisco area﴾3﴿. CA at a mean concn of 13. England contained trans‐2‐butene at an avg concn of 822 ppb﴾5﴿. but not quantified. in automobile emissions in Canada﴾1﴿ and 4‐stroke lawn mowers﴾2﴿. not quantified. 2‐Butene was reported in the Caldecott Tunnel. J Geophys Res 98: 2851‐64 (1993)  from HSDB 11. Burleson FR. Atmos Environ 24A: 43‐52 (1990) (2) Stephens ER. TX. England is 3 ug/cu m﴾1﴿. The concentration of 2‐butene in downtown Houston obtained during two separate day‐long sampling expeditions in July of 1973 ranged from not detected to 0.nlm.ncbi. 2‐Butene. Petersson G.11 Atmospheric Concentrations SOURCE DOMINATED: 2‐Butene was reported at an avg concns of 0. CA.6. The average concentration of 2‐butene in Sidney. Atmos Environ 11: 131‐43 (1977) (5) Stephans ER.6‐15 mg/l in October of 1994 when high oxygenated fuels ﴾2%﴿ were being employed in the San Francisco area﴾3﴿. Atmos Environ 30: 2463‐73 (1996) (5) Blake NJ et al. Whitby RA. 1977. and Measurement of Specific Nonmethane Hydrocarbons. Analysis of Selected and Carcinogenic Substances in Ambient Air in New Jersey.1 ppb﴾3﴿. 2‐Butene was identified. Sci Total Environ 93: 199‐206 (1990) (4) Nelson PF. Environ Sci Technol 16: 650‐5 (1982)  from HSDB https://pubchem. <2.nih. Sample Preparation. GA﴾1﴿. The emission rate of trans‐2‐butene from ferries with diesel engines was reported as 0.149‐ 0. TX. 1979‐1980. The emission rate of trans‐2‐butene in the California South Coast Air Basin amounts to 8X10+3 kg/day﴾5﴿. 71st Ann Mtg Air Poll Control Assoc Houston. (1) Bailey JC et al.6‐11.

166‐0.6‐28. USEPA‐600/3‐80‐023 (1980) (3) Sexton K.5‐ 1. 1247  from HSDB SOURCE DOMINATED: trans‐2‐Butene was reported at an avg concn of 0.5 ppbC ﴾9 samples﴿. CA at a mean concn of 15 mg/l in October of 1994 when high oxygenated fuels ﴾2%﴿ were being employed in the San Francisco area﴾3﴿. 2 ppbC in Boston. in the Tingstad Tunnel. trans‐2‐Butene was reported in the Caldecott Tunnel.1 ppb during daytime hours and 0. Canada ﴾not detected‐0.09 ppb during nighttime hours﴾1﴿. USEPA‐600/D‐84‐092 (NTIS PB84‐177930) (1984)  from HSDB URBAN/SUBURBAN: The concn of trans‐2‐butene in 811 samples taken from 39 U.149 ppb at airports in Atlanta.0 ppbC﴾6﴿. 3 ppbC in Baltimore. and the outskirts of Boone. 2‐Butene was detected in 53% of the air samples obtained in Atlanta. 1965‐66. Environ Sci Technol 30: 661‐70 (1996) (4) Barrefors G.5 ug/cu m. 2B. Arch Environ Health 5: 581‐91 (1962) (6) Seila RL et al. Meeks SA. The ambient air concn of trans‐2‐butene in Houston. Petersson G.5 ppbC. Grandfather Mt.8 ppbC ﴾8 samples﴿. CA. DC.408 ppb along roadsides and at 0. 3 ppbC in Washington. NC. Clayton (eds. CA﴾2﴿. fall of 1981. 1988﴾4﴿.02 ppb﴿ and Saturna Island. It was detected in the air of Los Angeles. and the Smokey Mountains. (1) Fuentes JD et al. 0. (1) Grosjean E et al.15 ppb﴾3﴿. The maximum concn of trans‐2‐butene at Roan Mt.1‐0. Linville Gorge. TX. respectively﴾1.. not quantified.2 mg/l in August of 1994 when low oxygenated fuels ﴾0. Biogenic Hydrocarbon Contribution to the Ambient Air of Selected Areas. Volumes 2A. Canada ﴾not detected‐0. Puxbaum H. GA﴾1﴿.0 ppbC with a median value of 3. Atmospheric Volatile Hydrocarbon Composition at Five Remote Sites in Northwestern North Carolina. 1973‐ 4. trans‐2‐Butene was identified. not detected to 1. NC were 0.6 ppbC ﴾6 samples﴿ and 0.D. trans‐2‐Butene was detected in Los Angeles. Brazil in 1996 at a mean concn of 2. yet it was detected at respective concns of 2. (1) Arnts RR. Meeks SA. Mean concns of 3‐13.gov/compound/trans­2­Butene 40/47 .ncbi. Nova Scotia ﴾not detected‐0. Lac la Flamme. 2C. 1978.0 ug/cu m﴿ in Los Angeles. F.. Environ Sci Technol 31: 2356‐67 (1997) (3) Bernardo‐Bricker A et al. GA at concns of 0.S.4 ppb and 6. 4th ed. 2D..3%﴿ were being employed in the San Francisco area﴾3﴿. 1 ppbC in Philadelphia. Atmos Environ 18: 1125‐32 (1984) (4) Grosjean D. Egbert.038 ppb﴾2﴿. CO. and 1 ppbC in Milwaukee.. 2‐Butene was detected in Egbert. 1984‐84.5 ppbC﴾1﴿. ranged from 0. England was reported as 9 ppb﴾2﴿. The concn of trans‐2‐butene at an unspecified street in London.2﴿. Shepherd MF. at concns ranging 1. Canada ﴾not detected‐0. was 0. J Air Waste Manage Assoc 45: 591‐603 (1995) (4) Lanzerstorfer C. The average concn of trans‐2‐butene between 6 and 9 am. J Air Waste Manage Assoc 45: 383‐94 (1995) (2) Blake NJ et al. MD. and not detected to 8 ppm in nearby Pasadena.1 ppbC to 337 ppbC with a median value of 2. was 5 ppbC in Houston.0 ppb﴾3﴿. NJ. 1993‐1994.01‐0. Canada in 1993 at concns of 0. CA at a mean concn of 11. Canada at a concn of 0. TN.3 and 3.3 ppbC.03 ppb﴿. The concn in downtown Boone.03 ppb﴿﴾3﴿. Atmos Environ 27A: 749‐57 (1993) (3) Bottenheim JW. 2‐Butene was qualitatively detected in the Eggegebirge Forest. Three rooftop air samples in Riverside. OK.05 ppb﴿. Clayton. The background concn of trans‐butene in Janesville. 1978‐79. contained concns of 1. Westberg H. 2‐Butene was detected in 1993 at an avg concn of 0. Atmos Environ 15: 1643‐51 (1981) (2) Arnts RR.0 https://pubchem. ranged from not detected to 12 ppm. PA. at concns ranging from trace to 3 ppb﴾5﴿.E. 3 ppbC in Newark. Environ Sci Technol 32: 2061‐69 (1998) (2) Fraser MP et al. cities.5 ug/cu m and 1. p.. Austria﴾4﴿. (1) Conner TL et al.2 mg/cu m﴾1﴿.6‐4. WI. MA. New York.9 ppb 2‐butene were reported for various sites around Vienna.nih. Water Air Soil Pollut 51: 345‐55 (1990)  from HSDB RURAL/REMOTE: 2‐Butene was detected in the atmosphere of the Borden Forest. 2‐Butene ﴾trans﴿ was detected in the Kejimkujik National Park. CA. West Germany. air samples. Sweden﴾4﴿.75 ug/cu m ﴾not detected‐3. CA. Atmos Environ 29: 647‐64 (1995) (4) Hekmig et al. Chemosphere 25: 691‐96 (1992)  from HSDB URBAN/SUBURBAN: trans‐2‐Butene was detected in the air of Tulsa.2017­6­10 trans­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem URBAN/SUBURBAN: 2‐butene was reported in urban air in Porto Alegre. J Atmos Chem 25: 67‐95 (1996) (2) Shepson PB et al.) Patty's Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology.0 ppb 1. TX﴾2﴿. WI﴾3﴿. Air Pollut Control Assoc J 34: 537‐43 (1984) (5) Neligan RE. 2E.02‐ 0. 0. Chemosphere 19: 1399‐412 (1989)  from HSDB THE MORE HIGHLY REACTIVE TRANS‐2‐BUTENE OCCURS AT MUCH LOWER CONCENTRATIONS IN THE ATMOSPHERE THAN OTHER COMPARABLE HYDROCARBONS. TX. at concns ranging from 0‐11 ppb﴾4﴿. Fung K. 2F: Toxicology. 1975‐81. G. NY: John Wiley & Sons Inc. J Geophys Res 98: 2851‐64 (1993) (3) Kirschstetter TW et al. ranged from 1. trans‐2‐Butene was reported in the Caldecott Tunnel.nlm.3 ppbC in samples taken 1981‐82﴾6﴿. Rio Blano County. 1960.

Australia.03 ppb﴿﴾3﴿. Quigley SM.9 ppb trans‐2‐butene were reported for various sites around Vienna. Appl Ind Hyg 2: 148‐54 (1987) (4) Halder CA et al.038 ppb﴾2﴿. Lac la Flamme. GA at concns of 0.2 mg/cu m﴾1﴿.2. Atmos Environ 24A: 43‐52 (1990) (3) Neslon PF. Dropkin DL. (1) Grosjean E et al. trans‐2‐Butene was detected in the Kejimkujik National Park. Personal air samples taken for workers in the petroleum industry indicated that 14 of 56 outside operators. 1979‐1980. (1) Rappaport SM et al. Dermal exposure is likely to result when gasoline products are spilled on the skin﴾SRC﴿ as 2‐butene is a component of gasoline﴾2﴿. is 2 ug/cu m﴾6﴿. J Air Waste Manage Assoc 45: 591‐603 (1995) (4) Lanzerstorfer C. 2‐butene was detected but not quantitated in 17 samples and measured in one sample at a concentration of 0.2017­6­10 trans­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem ug/cu m 15 and 40 miles downwind of the city﴾4﴿.03 ppb﴿.gov/compound/trans­2­Butene 41/47 . Atmos Environ 24A: 43‐52 (1990) (7) Duce RA et al. (1) Seila RL et al. Workers were exposed to 2‐butene during the loading of gasoline at bulk or marine terminals﴾4﴿.75 ug/cu m ﴾not detected to 3. transport or https://pubchem.3﴿ and handling of gasoline﴾SRC﴿. National Occupational Exposure Survey (NOES) (1989) (2) Kearney CA.15 ppb﴾3﴿. Puxbaum H.ncbi.S.09 ppb during nighttime hours﴾1﴿. Workers in the petroleum field are likely to be exposed to trans‐2‐butene by inhalation of gasoline fumes during the production. release from motor vehicle exhaust﴾2. roadway air samples﴾5﴿. Canada ﴾not detected‐0. The observed background level of trans‐2‐butene in Sidney. Environ Sci Technol 31: 2356‐67 (1997) (3) Bernardo‐Bricker A et al. England. Atmos Environ 29: 647‐64 (1995)  from HSDB 11. Worley FL. The estimated annual mean concn of trans‐2‐butene in London. ﴾SRC﴿  from HSDB The probable routes of exposure to trans‐2‐butene are by inhalation and dermal contact. Probable routes of exposure for the general population include inhalation of 2‐butene due to its volatilization from gasoline﴾2﴿.12 Probable Routes of Human Exposure The probable routes of exposure to 2‐butene are by inhalation and dermal contact. Environ Sci Technol 17: 402‐7 (1983) (5) Stump FD. 1983.0 ug/cu m﴿ in Los Angeles. J Atmos Chem 25: 67‐95 (1996) (2) Shepson PB et al. Determination of C2 to C12 Ambient Air Hydrocarbons in 39 US cities. Mean concns of 3‐13. CA﴾2﴿. Am Ind Hyg Assoc 47: 164‐72 (1986)  from HSDB Occupational exposure to 2‐butene may occur through inhalation and dermal contact with this compound at workplaces where 2‐butene is produced or used.1 ppb during daytime hours and 0. Canada ﴾not detected‐0. Canada in 1993 at concns of 0. Workers in the petroleum field are likely to be exposed to 2‐butene by inhalation of gasoline fumes during the production.05 ppb﴿. Anal Chem 57: 2629‐34 (1985) (6) Bailey JC et al. transport or dispensing of motor fuels﴾1﴿. Environ Sci Technol 32: 2061‐69 (1998) (2) Fraser MP et al.1 ppb﴾8﴿. Water Air Soil Pollut 51: 345‐55 (1990)  from HSDB RURAL/REMOTE: trans‐2‐Butene was detected in the atmosphere of the Borden Forest. (1) NIOSH. Quigley SM. Egbert. J Air Pollut Control Assoc 17: 147‐53 (1967) (4) Sexton K. Shepherd MF. from 1984 through 1986.06‐0. trans‐2‐Butene was detected in 1993 at an avg concn of 0. Atmos Environ 18: 79‐87 (1984)  from HSDB NIOSH ﴾NOES Survey 1981‐83﴿ has statistically estimated that 545 workers are exposed to 2‐butene in the USA﴾1﴿. was 1. (1) Fuentes JD et al. The general population may be exposed to 2‐butene via inhalation of ambient air. trans‐2‐Butene was qualitatively identified in U. Environ Sci Technol 16: 650‐5 (1982)  from HSDB URBAN/SUBURBAN: trans‐2‐Butene was detected in urban air in Porto Alegre. Canada at a concn of 0. Am Ind Hyg Assoc 47: 535‐9 (1986) (3) Rappaport SM et al. trans‐2‐Butene was detected in Egbert. Rev Geophys Space Phys 21: 921‐52 (1983) (8) Nelson PF.06‐0. USEPA/600/S3‐ 89/058 (1989) (2) Siddiqi AA. Brazil in 1996 at a mean concn of 3.1‐ 0.nlm. 48 of 49 transport drivers and 48 of 49 service attendants were exposed to 2‐butene﴾3﴿.1ppm﴾2﴿.nih. Burleson FR. Appl Ind Hyg 2: 148‐54 (1987) (2) Bailey JC et al. Nova Scotia ﴾not detected‐0.02 ppb﴿ and Saturna Island. Atmos Environ 27A: 749‐57 (1993) (3) Bottenheim JW. trans‐2‐Butene was detected in 53% of the air samples obtained in Atlanta. Canada ﴾not detected‐0. Dunham DB. Atmos Environ 11: 1343‐43 (1977) (3) Stephens ER. Austria﴾4﴿. Of 18 personal air samples from attendants at a high volume gasoline service station in PA.

2C.370 mg/cu m.2. Appl Ind Hyg 2: 148‐54 (1987) (2) Bailey JC et al. Am Ind Hyg Assoc 47: 164‐72 (1986)  from HSDB 11.ncbi.3﴿. p. 2F: Toxicology.. 2E. EXCEPT IN ONE CASE. 30 of 49 transport drivers were exposed at a mean concn of 0. G. Atmos Environ 24A: 43‐52 (1990) (3) Nelson PF.0 ug/h.nih.. 2B. Workers were exposed to trans‐2‐butene during the loading of gasoline at bulk or marine terminals﴾4﴿.E.gov/compound/trans­2­Butene 42/47 . 1993‐1994. Arch Environ Health 30: 290‐5 (1975)  from HSDB https://pubchem. at concns ranging from 0.D. (1) Rappaport SM et al. New York.Dermal exposure is likely to result when gasoline products are spilled on the skin﴾SRC﴿ as trans‐2‐butene is a component of gasoline﴾2﴿.169 mg/cu m and 16 of 49 service attendants were exposed at a mean concn of 0. Clayton.2 ug/h for the positive samples﴾1﴿. Volumes 2A.. 1247  from HSDB trans‐2‐Butene was detected in the expired air of 6 out of 10 air samples taken from 8 smoking and non‐smoking male volunteers from Texas. F. IN THE MAJORITY OF SUBJECTS. THE CIS FORM WAS PREPONDERANT OVER THE TRANS‐ISOMER. Atmos Environ 18: 79‐87 (1984) (4) Halder CA et al. Personal air samples taken from workers in the petroleum industry indicate that 2 of 56 outside operators were exposed to trans‐2‐butene at a mean concn 0.nlm. 2D.) Patty's Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology.034 mg/cu m﴾1﴿. Abstract: PubMed (1) Conkle JP et al. averaging 14.13 Body Burdens HUMAN RESPIRATORY GASES HAVE BEEN OBSERVED TO CONTAIN BUTENE‐2. Clayton (eds.054 to 80. Probable routes of exposure for the general population include inhalation of trans‐2‐ butene due to its volatilization from gasoline﴾2﴿ and presence in motor vehicle exhaust﴾2. Quigley SM. 4th ed.2017­6­10 trans­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem dispensing of motor fuels﴾1﴿. NY: John Wiley & Sons Inc.

 from PubChem https://pubchem.ncbi.gov/compound/trans­2­Butene 43/47 .  from PubChem 12..2017­6­10 trans­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem 12 Literature 12..nlm.1 Depositor Provided PubMed Citations CLICK TO LOAD.2 NLM Curated PubMed Citations CLICK TO LOAD..nih..

2017­6­10 trans­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem 13 Patents 13..gov/compound/trans­2­Butene 44/47 .ncbi.1 Depositor‐Supplied Patent Identifiers CLICK TO LOAD.  from PubChem https://pubchem..nlm.nih.

ncbi.nlm..1.  from ChEBI 14..2 ChEBI Ontology CLICK TO LOAD..3 WIPO IPC CLICK TO LOAD.1..2017­6­10 trans­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem 14 Classification 14.  from MeSH 14.nih..  from WIPO https://pubchem.gov/compound/trans­2­Butene 45/47 .1.1 MeSH Tree CLICK TO LOAD.1 Ontologies 14..

gov/chemidplus/sid/0000624646 https://chem.ilo. https://chem.noaa.html http://www. HSDB /source/HSDB 2‐BUTENE http://toxnet.pdf http://www.gov/dashboard/dsstoxdb/results?search=DTXSID7027255 https://comptox.nlm.safe.europa. CAMEO Chemicals /source/CAMEO Chemicals 2‐butene https://cameochemicals.gov/health/workplacehealthandsafety/documents/right‐to‐know/hsl_alpha.gov/chemical‐data‐reporting http://www.gov/chemical‐data‐reporting 4.epa.display?p_card_id=0398 http://www.fda.gov/chemidplus/sid/0000107017 Hydrocarbons.eu/information‐on‐chemicals/cl‐inventory‐database/‐/discli/details/68156 https://echa.nite.nih.display?p_card_id=0398 7.europa.gov.au/ http://hcis.safeworkaustralia.nlm.safe.pdf 8.go.gov/compound/trans­2­Butene 46/47 .nlm.epa.gov/chemical/18045 2.noaa. European Chemicals Agency ‐ ECHA /source/European Chemicals Agency ‐ ECHA 2‐butene https://echa.org/dyn/icsc/showcard.nih.gov/cgi‐ bin/sis/search/r?dbs+hsdb:@term+@rn+@rel+107‐01‐7 https://pubchem.nih.europa.gov.fda.gov/ForIndustry/DataStandards/SubstanceRegistrationSystem‐UniqueIngredientIdentifierUNII/ https://www.ilo.nj. Safe Work Australia ‐ HCIS /source/Safe Work Australia ‐ HCIS 624‐64‐6 http://hcis.eu/ (E)‐but‐2‐ene https://echa. FDA/SPL Indexing Data /source/FDA/SPL Indexing Data 017NGL487F https://www.nlm.jp/english/ghs/15‐mhlw‐0003e. ChemIDplus /source/ChemIDplus trans‐2‐Butene https://chem.epa.safeworkaustralia.eu/information‐on‐chemicals/cl‐inventory‐database/‐/discli/details/95462 6.nlm.eu/information‐on‐chemicals/cl‐inventory‐database/‐/discli/details/95462 https://echa.go.nlm.nih.nj.eu/ https://echa.html 9.2017­6­10 trans­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem 15 Information Sources 1.nih. NJDOH RTK Hazardous Substance List /source/NJDOH RTK Hazardous Substance List 2‐butene‐trans http://www.gov/health/workplacehealthandsafety/documents/right‐to‐know/hsl_alpha. (2E)‐ http://www.eu/information‐on‐chemicals/cl‐inventory‐database/‐/discli/details/68156 2‐butene https://echa.nih.nite.gov/cgi‐bin/sis/search/r?dbs+hsdb:@term+@rn+@rel+107‐01‐7 http://toxnet.gov/ForIndustry/DataStandards/SubstanceRegistrationSystem‐UniqueIngredientIdentifierUNII/ 11.ncbi. ILO‐ICSC /source/ILO‐ICSC trans‐2‐BUTENE http://www.nih.gov/chemidplus/sid/0000624646 2‐Butene https://chem. NITE‐CMC /source/NITE‐CMC trans‐2‐Butene http://www.gov/chemidplus/sid/0068956547 3.jp/english/ghs/15‐mhlw‐0003e.nlm.gov/chemidplus/sid/0068956547 https://chem.europa. C4‐unsatd.europa.nlm.nih.org/dyn/icsc/showcard.nlm.gov/chemical/18045 https://cameochemicals.nih.europa.au/ 10. EPA Chemicals under the TSCA /source/EPA Chemicals under the TSCA 2‐Butene.epa.gov/chemidplus/sid/0000107017 https://chem.gov/dashboard/dsstoxdb/results?search=DTXSID7027255 5. EPA DSStox /source/EPA DSStox (2E)‐2‐Butene https://comptox.

nlm.ncbi.int/classifications/ipc/ http://www.gov/srd/nist1a. Wikipedia /source/Wikipedia (E)‐2‐butene https://www.gov/srd/nist1a.ebi.uk/chebi/userManualForward.nlm.nist.nist.nih.gov/mesh/meshhome.nih.org/wiki/Q27121170 https://www.do#ChEBI%20Ontology 17.gov 15.gov/mesh/67021639 MeSH Tree http://www.cfm http://www.nih.ncbi.wipo.ncbi. ChEBI /source/ChEBI ChEBI Ontology http://www.nih.org/wiki/2‐Butene 14.do#ChEBI%20Ontology http://www.ac.uk/chebi/userManualForward.nih. NIST /source/NIST 2‐Butene http://www. PubChem Data deposited in or computed by PubChem https://pubchem.nih.gov https://pubchem.gov/mesh/67021639 https://www.nlm.ncbi.wipo. WIPO /source/WIPO International Patent Classification http://www.wikidata.nih.wikipedia.ac.ebi.nlm.gov/compound/trans­2­Butene 47/47 .nlm.nlm. MeSH /source/MeSH 2‐butene https://www.int/classifications/ipc/ https://pubchem.2017­6­10 trans­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem TRANS‐2‐BUTENE http://toxnet.gov/mesh/meshhome.org/wiki/2‐Butene https://en.wikipedia.nih.nih.cfm 13.wikidata.nlm.html http://www.org/wiki/Q27121170 but‐2‐ene https://en.nlm.nlm.ncbi.html 16.gov/cgi‐bin/sis/search/r?dbs+hsdb:@term+@rn+@rel+624‐64‐6 http://toxnet.gov/cgi‐ bin/sis/search/r?dbs+hsdb:@term+@rn+@rel+624‐64‐6 12.

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