2017­6­10 cis­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem

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 Compound Summary for CID 5287573

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PubChem CID: 5287573
Cis‐2‐Butene; ﴾Z﴿‐But‐2‐ene; Cis‐Butene; Beta‐cis‐Butylene; Cis‐But‐2‐ene; Cis‐1,2‐
Chemical Names:
Dimethylethylene    More...

Molecular Formula: C4H8 or CH3‐HC=CH‐CH3
Molecular Weight: 56.108 g/mol
InChI Key: IAQRGUVFOMOMEM‐ARJAWSKDSA‐N

Substance Registry: FDA UNII

Safety Summary: Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary ﴾LCSS﴿

PUBCHEM  COMPOUND  CIS‐2‐BUTENE Create Date: 2005‐03‐27

https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/cis­2­Butene 1/34

2017­6­10 cis­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem

 Contents
1 2D Structure

2 3D Conformer

3 Names and Identifiers

4 Chemical and Physical Properties

5 Related Records

6 Chemical Vendors

7 Pharmacology and Biochemistry

8 Use and Manufacturing

9 Identification

10 Safety and Hazards

11 Toxicity

12 Patents

13 Classification

14 Information Sources

https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/cis­2­Butene 2/34

2017­6­10 cis­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem

1 2D Structure
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https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/cis­2­Butene 3/34

 Magnify  Show Hydrogens  Show Atoms  Animate  from PubChem https://pubchem.nih..ncbi.nlm.2017­6­10 cis­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem 2 3D Conformer  Search  Download  Get Image CLICK TO LOAD..gov/compound/cis­2­Butene 4/34 .

1.1.2 InChI InChI=1S/C4H8/c1‐3‐4‐2/h3‐4H.5 Isomeric SMILES C/C=C\C  from PubChem 3.2 Molecular Formula C4H8  from ILO‐ICSC.4 Canonical SMILES CC=CC  from PubChem 3. European Chemicals Agency ‐ ECHA.1 Computed Descriptors 3. EPA DSStox. ILO‐ICSC https://pubchem.3 Other Identifiers 3.nlm.1 CAS 590‐18‐1  from ChemIDplus.ncbi.3. PubChem CH3‐HC=CH‐CH3  from ILO‐ICSC 3.1‐2H3/b4‐3‐  from PubChem 3. EPA Chemicals under the TSCA.gov/compound/cis­2­Butene 5/34 .1.1.2017­6­10 cis­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem 3 Names and Identifiers 3.nih.3 InChI Key IAQRGUVFOMOMEM‐ARJAWSKDSA‐N  from PubChem 3.1 IUPAC Name ﴾Z﴿‐but‐2‐ene  from PubChem 3.1.

cis‐ 5.2 EC Number 209‐673‐7  from European Chemicals Agency ‐ ECHA 3.3.1‐2H3/b4‐3 8. ﴾Z﴿‐ 20. ﴾Z﴿‐2‐Butene 18. cis‐1. ﴾Z﴿‐2‐C4H8 27.3.2017­6­10 cis­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem 3. cis‐But‐2‐en 26. IAQRGUVFOMOMEM‐ARJAWSKDSA‐N 28.ncbi. ﴾2Z﴿‐but‐2‐ene 22. ﴾2Z﴿‐2‐Butene 21. L35ORC9C05 10. beta‐cis‐Butylene 14. 2‐BUTENE. cis‐2‐Butene. z‐but‐2‐ene 4.3 ICSC Number 0397  from ILO‐ICSC 3.4 UN Number 1012  from ILO‐ICSC 1075  from NJDOH RTK Hazardous Substance List 3.gov/compound/cis­2­Butene 6/34 . Butene‐2. cis‐Butene 13. cis‐But‐2‐ene 15.6 Wikipedia Title ﴾Z﴿‐2‐butene Description chemical compound  from Wikipedia 3. 590‐18‐1 23. ﴾Z﴿‐But‐2‐ene 12.nih. cis‐2‐butylene 30.3.nlm.2‐Dimethylethylene 16. cis‐Butylene 24. EINECS 209‐673‐7 3. HSDB 5704 2. cis‐2‐Butene 11. AC1NR9WO 7. ﴾2Z﴿‐ 19. 2‐Butene. 2‐Butene‐cis 29. cis‐ 6.5 UNII L35ORC9C05  from FDA/SPL Indexing Data 3. High‐boiling butene‐2 17.3.4.1 Depositor‐Supplied Synonyms 1.3.4 Synonyms 3. DTXSID0027224 https://pubchem. 2‐Butene. UNII‐L35ORC9C05 25. InChI=1/C4H8/c1‐3‐4‐2/h3‐4H. >=99% 9.

gov/compound/cis­2­Butene 7/34 .nlm.nih.ncbi.2017­6­10 cis­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem  from PubChem https://pubchem.

063 g/mol Exact Mass 56.nlm.1 Physical Description 1.108 g/mol Hydrogen Bond Donor Count 0 Hydrogen Bond Acceptor Count 0 Rotatable Bond Count 0 Complexity 15.063 g/mol XLogP3 2.2 AAADccBgAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA AAAAAAAAAAAAAGAAAAAAACACAAAACAAAAAACAA CACTVS Substructure Key Fingerprint CBCAAAAAAAAAAAICAAAAAAAAAAAAQAAAAAAAAAA AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA Topological Polar Surface Area 0 A^2 Monoisotopic Mass 56.gov/compound/cis­2­Butene 8/34 .nih.1 Computed Properties Property Name Property Value Molecular Weight 56.2.  from ILO‐ICSC https://pubchem.2 Experimental Properties 4.ncbi.2017­6­10 cis­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem 4 Chemical and Physical Properties 4. Liquid  from EPA Chemicals under the TSCA COLOURLESS COMPRESSED LIQUEFIED GAS.3 Compound Is Canonicalized true Formal Charge 0 Heavy Atom Count 4 Defined Atom Stereocenter Count 0 Undefined Atom Stereocenter Count 0 Defined Bond Stereocenter Count 1 Undefined Bond Stereocenter Count 0 Isotope Atom Count 0 Covalently‐Bonded Unit Count 1  from PubChem 4. GasVapor 2.

. 178  from HSDB Very sol in ethanol.6 Solubility Sol in most organic solvents Lewis. 79th ed.2017­6­10 cis­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem 4.).7 deg C Lide. CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics. New York. 3‐103  from HSDB In water. Boca Raton. 79th ed.. Sr (Ed. p. CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics.2.2. NY: Van Nostrand Rheinhold Co.4 Melting Point ‐138.gov/compound/cis­2­Butene 9/34 . Boca Raton.).2.. CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics. New York. R. J Computer‐Aided Molecular Design 5: 149‐66 (1991)  from HSDB in water: none  from ILO‐ICSC 4..2. D. 1993.). 12th ed. D. D.. 1998‐1999.. (ed. 12th ed... Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary.). sol in benzene Lide. Boca Raton. 658 mg/l at 25 deg C Suzuki T. 3‐103  from HSDB 4°C  from ILO‐ICSC 4.. (ed.).R. NY: Van Nostrand Rheinhold Co. Sr (Ed.3 Boiling Point 3.7 Density https://pubchem. p. p.5 Flash Point Flammable gas  from ILO‐ICSC 4.2 Color Colorless gas Lewis. ether.nih. R. 1993. (ed.9 deg C Lide.R. 1998‐1999. 3‐103  from HSDB ‐139°C  from ILO‐ICSC 4. 178  from HSDB 4.2. 79th ed. Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary..J. 1998‐1999.ncbi.nlm.J.R. FL: CRC Press Inc. FL: CRC Press Inc. FL: CRC Press Inc.2. p. p.

. 1998‐1999. Exploring QSAR ‐ Hydrophobic.33  from ILO‐ICSC 4. 3‐103  from HSDB ﴾water = 1﴿: 0.. p. (ed. 1995.ncbi.2.600 mm Hg at 25 deg C Daubert.9 Vapor Pressure 1. CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics.. T. D. Leo. DC: American Chemical Society.2. Hoekman. 5‐82 https://pubchem. D.6  from ILO‐ICSC 4..2.E.9  from ILO‐ICSC 4.). Quincy. D. R. 79th ed. Physical and Thermodynamic Properties of Pure Chemicals Data Compilation. 1989.nih. FL: CRC Press Inc. 79th ed.12 Heat of Combustion 2687. p..2017­6­10 cis­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem 0.2..10 LogP log Kow= 2.8 Vapor Density ﴾air = 1﴿: 1. D.616 g/cu cm Lide. Danner.gov/compound/cis­2­Butene 10/34 .2. C.11 Auto‐Ignition 617 DEG F ﴾325 DEG C﴿ Fire Protection Guide to Hazardous Materials.7 ﴾liq﴿ kJ/mol Lide. MA: National Fire Protection Association. 12 ed. Boca Raton.. 325‐20  from HSDB 324°C  from ILO‐ICSC 4. Boca Raton. Washington. Electronic. 1998‐1999. p. (ed. CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics...nlm.. Washington. A. 1997.C.: Taylor and Francis.R.R. FL: CRC Press Inc.33 Hansch. 9  from HSDB 2. p. and Steric Constants.).P.  from HSDB Vapour pressure kPa at 21°C: 188  from ILO‐ICSC 4.

417.13 Kovats Retention Index 420. FL: CRC Press Inc. 416. 431 411. Boca Raton. (ed. 416. Boca Raton. 420.5.85. Semi‐standard non‐polar 417.3 Spectral Properties Index of refraction: 1.). 426. 3‐103  from HSDB MAX ABSORPTION ﴾GAS﴿: 160 NM ﴾SHOULDER﴿ ﴾LOG E= 4. 416. 426.5.. 425.2. 418. 417. 417.nlm.3. 1979.ncbi. p. V1 340  from HSDB 4. Standard non‐polar 428. 405.8﴿. FL: CRC Press Inc. 175 NM ﴾LOG E= 4. 202 NM ﴾LOG E= 2. 422. 427. 418. 1985. 425. 427. 417. 416. 416. Handbook of Chemistry and Physics.1 GC‐MS   1 of 3   NIST Number 18914 Library Main library Total Peaks 31 m/z Top Peak 41 m/z 2nd Highest 56 m/z 3rd Highest 39 https://pubchem. Volumes I and II. 416. 416. John Wiley & Sons. CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics. 417.3.J. 408. p. 417. FL: CRC Press Inc. 416. 468  from NIST 4. 416.4.J.1﴿. 417. Astle. Boca Raton. 1998‐1999.nih.3. 415. 417. R..gov/compound/cis­2­Butene 11/34 .. 79th ed. R. 407. 411. Volumes I and II. 418. 417. New York﴿ Weast. D. CRC Handbook of Data on Organic Compounds. p. 421.5. 481.7﴿ Weast. (ed.3931 @ 25 deg C Lide.. 428 Standard polar 468. R. C‐229  from HSDB IR: 7859 ﴾Sadtler Research Laboratories Prism Collection﴿ Weast.C. 420. 427..C.2.1﴿.18. Florida: CRC Press Inc.2017­6­10 cis­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem  from HSDB 4. Astle. CRC Handbook of Data on Organic Compounds. 187 NM ﴾LOG E= 3. 416..). 428. V1 340  from HSDB MASS: 25 ﴾Atlas of Mass Spectral Data.R. 416. 1985.C. 60th ed. and M. Boca Raton. 427.44. 425. p. and M.2.

2017­6­10 cis­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem   1 of 3   CLICK TO LOAD. Thumbnail  from NIST https://pubchem.gov/compound/cis­2­Butene 12/34 ...nih.nlm.ncbi.

Stereo 13 records Same Parent.  from PubChem 5.1 Related Substances All 91 records Same 35 records Mixture 56 records  from PubChem https://pubchem. Connectivity 67 records Same Parent. Isotope 49 records Same Parent..nlm.3.1 Related Compounds with Annotation CLICK TO LOAD.2017­6­10 cis­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem 5 Related Records 5.3 Substances 5. and 45 records Neutralized Forms Similar Compounds 55 records Similar Conformers 318 records  from PubChem 5.gov/compound/cis­2­Butene 13/34 . Exact 10 records Mixtures.ncbi.nih.2 Related Compounds Same Connectivity 16 records Same Stereo 3 records Same Isotope 3 records Same Parent.. Components.

 from PubChem https://pubchem...nih.3.nlm.2017­6­10 cis­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem 5.2 Substances by Category CLICK TO LOAD.ncbi.gov/compound/cis­2­Butene 14/34 .

nih..ncbi.gov/compound/cis­2­Butene 15/34 .  from PubChem https://pubchem.2017­6­10 cis­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem 6 Chemical Vendors CLICK TO LOAD.nlm..

3‐DIBROMOBUTANE WAS CONVERTED. ISSUE ETHYLENE DICHLORIDE: POTENTIAL HEALTH RISK. 2B. INTO TRANS‐2‐ BUTENE WHILE RACEMIC‐2. 2C. NY: John Wiley & Sons Inc.gov/compound/cis­2­Butene 16/34 .D. 331 (1980)  from HSDB 7. 2D.nih. Volumes 2A.2 Mechanism of Action /Butenes/ are simple asphyxiants and can be used as anesthetics. /Butenes/ Clayton. 1246  from HSDB https://pubchem.3‐DIBROMOBUTANE GAVE RISE TO CIS‐2‐BUTENE.. p.) Patty's Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology.. ANDERS MW..nlm. ALMOST EXCLUSIVELY. BANBURY REP 5.ncbi. LIVESEY JC. 2F: Toxicology. Clayton (eds.2017­6­10 cis­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem 7 Pharmacology and Biochemistry 7. 4th ed. New York. 2E.1 Metabolism/Metabolites IN RAT LIVER CYTOSOL MESO‐2. G. F. 1993‐1994.E.

Sr (Ed.ncbi. CP 99%. Fuels and fuel additives 2. 178  from HSDB CATALYTIC OR THERMAL CRACKING OF PETROLEUM FEEDSTOCK. Intermediates  from EPA Chemicals under the TSCA 8. DEHYDROGENATION OF N‐BUTANE. NY: Van Nostrand Rheinhold Co. p.nih.. 178  from HSDB 8. Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary.2 Methods of Manufacturing Gases containing appreciable content of cis‐butene‐2.. R. New York.gov/compound/cis­2­Butene 17/34 ..1 Industry Uses 1. 12th ed. IN MIXT OF BUTYLENES﴿ SRI  from HSDB https://pubchem. Research 99.. Production ﴾1982﴿ 3X10+11 G ﴾EST.2017­6­10 cis­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem 8 Use and Manufacturing 8.4 U.).).S. Lewis. R. are obtained by fractional distillation of refinery gas. New York. along with other butene and butane hydrocarbons.8% Lewis.3 Formulations/Preparations Grades: Technical 95%. Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary.nlm. p. FRACTIONAL DISTILLATION﴿ SRI  from HSDB 8. OR DISPROPORTIONATION OF PROPYLENE FOLLOWED BY SEPARATION ﴾EG.1. 12th ed. Sr (Ed.J.1 Uses 8. 1993.J. NY: Van Nostrand Rheinhold Co. 1993.

FRESENIUS Z ANAL CHEM 291 (4): 299 (1978)  from HSDB MASS SPECTROMETRY & GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY WERE USED FOR IDENTIFICATION & DETECTION OF ALKENES. WHITBY RA. COATINGS. SAMPLING. IN DIVING GASES. INCLUDING CIS‐2‐BUTENE. INCLUDING CIS‐2‐BUTENE. INCLUDING CIS‐2‐BUTENE. & ALSO TO COMPOUNDS CONTAINING SULFIDE OR AMINE GROUPS. ULLRICH D. THE OUTPUT OF THE MONITOR WAS COMPARED WITH THAT OF A CONVENTIONAL NON‐METHANE HYDROCARBON MONITOR MEASUREMENTS OVER A 40‐DAY PERIOD & GAVE RESULTS WHICH WERE QUALITATIVELY SIMILAR.nih. PROC DIVERS GAS PURITY SYMP (AD‐769) 118 (1973)  from HSDB EXTERNAL VACUUM AIR COLLECTOR USING BOTH TEFLON & TEDLAR BAGS WAS USED FOR SAMPLING NONMETHANE HYDROCARBONS. SAMPLE PREPARATION. DEUEL CL. THE APPLICATION OF CHEMILUMINESCENCE TO THE MEASUREMENT OF REACTIVE HYDROCARBONS IN AMBIENT AIR.2017­6­10 cis­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem 9 Identification 9. NONMETHANE HYDROCARBONS IN AMBIENT NEW YORK CITY ATMOSPHERES WERE DETECTED. IN AIR.nlm. ROBERTS RM.gov/compound/cis­2­Butene 18/34 . ALTWICKER ER. INT CONF ENVIRON SENSING ASSESS (PROC) 2: 21 (1976)  from HSDB https://pubchem. SOURCES OF CONTAMINATIONS ARE PAINTS. THE AIR SAMPLES WERE ANALYZED BY GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY USING A CRYOGENIC TRAPPING TECHNIQUE FOR INTRODUCTION OF AIR SAMPLES INTO THE GAS CHROMATOGRAPH. SEALANTS. THE POSSIBLE USE OF THE MONITOR FOR AIR QUALITY MEASUREMENTS IS DISCUSSED. & ANALYZED IN A 2‐COLUMN SYSTEM EQUIPPED WITH 2 FLAME IONIZATION DETECTORS. PROC ANNU MEET AIR POLLUT CONTROL ASSOC 72 (4): 79 (1979)  from HSDB THE CHEMILUMINESCENCE INSTRUMENT RESPONDED TO ALL HYDROCARBONS CONTAINING AN OLEFINIC DOUBLE BOND. IN AMBIENT AIR WERE TRAPPED BY CRYOGENIC SAMPLING USING TENAX GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY OR CARBOPACK AS ADSORBENT & LIQUID NITROGEN AS COOLING AGENT.1 Analytic Laboratory Methods ALKENE HYDROCARBONS. HILBORN JC ET AL. COMPLETE ANALYSIS OF NAVAL HYPERBARIC DIVING GASES. INCLUDING CIS‐2‐BUTENE.ncbi. SEIFERT B. AND MEASUREMENT OF SPECIFIC NONMETHANE HYDROCARBONS. & COMPRESSED BREATHING GAS SUPPLY.

1 Hazards Identification 10. P377.3%﴿: Contains gas under pressure. Liquefied gas.4 Explosion Hazard Gas/air mixtures are explosive.  from ILO‐ICSC 10. The percentage value in parenthesis indicates the notified classification ratio from all companies.gov/compound/cis­2­Butene 19/34 .  from ILO‐ICSC 10.nih.nlm.2 Health Hazard Flammable ‐ 4th degree  from NJDOH RTK Hazardous Substance List 10.﴿  from European Chemicals Agency ‐ ECHA View all ﴾3﴿ GHS Classification entries 10. may explode if heated [Warning Gases under pressure ‐ Compressed gas. Each notification may be associated with multiple companies.2017­6­10 cis­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem 10 Safety and Hazards 10. Only Hazard Codes with percentage values above 10% are shown. P41.1. Precautionary Statement Codes P210.3 Fire Hazard Extremely flammable. and other factors. Dissolved gas] Information may vary between notifications depending on impurities.1. and P403 ﴾The corresponding statement to each P‐code can be found here.1. P381.5 Fire Potential https://pubchem. H220 ﴾100%﴿: Extremely flammable gas [Danger Flammable gases ‐ Category 1] H280 ﴾85.ncbi.1. additives.1. P403.1 GHS Classification Signal: Danger GHS Hazard Statements Aggregated GHS information from 7 notifications provided by 626 companies to the ECHA C&L Inventory.

Quincy. and that do not react with water. Clayton (eds.2. p.2 NFPA Hazard Classification Health: 1. As a result of flow. 4= This degree includes flammable gases. MA: National Fire Protection Association. 1= Materials that. Quincy. 325‐20  from HSDB Reactivity: 0. New York. 1997. 1997. agitation.nih.gov/compound/cis­2­Butene 20/34 . G. Quincy. 325‐20  from HSDB 10.D. 325‐20  from HSDB Flammability: 4. 1993. and Class IA flammable liquids.3 Physical Dangers The gas is heavier than air and may travel along the ground.. p. Quincy. 179  from HSDB 10. distant ignition possible.2.7% by volume.nlm.1 Flammability Lower flammable limit: 1. The gas is heavier than air and may accumulate in lowered spaces causing a deficiency of oxygen..E. 2E.J. MA: National Fire Protection Association. 2D. 12 ed. 2F: Toxicology.) Patty's Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology. Sr (Ed. Fire Protection Guide to Hazardous Materials. electrostatic charges can be generated. is mildly irritating to the eye. R.. p. p. /1‐Butene/ Clayton. and Respiratory Irritations It . 1993‐1994.. 2C. including those requiring the use of an approved air‐purifying respirator.). Normal fire fighting procedures may be used. 4th ed.2017­6­10 cis­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem DANGEROUS FIRE . 325‐20  from HSDB 10.2 Safety and Hazard Properties 10. on exposure. MA: National Fire Protection Association. p.2...  from ILO‐ICSC 10. etc. Upper flammable limit: 9..ncbi.0% by volume Fire Protection Guide to Hazardous Materials.. 12th ed. would cause irritation.. MA: National Fire Protection Association. Volumes 2A.. F. NY: Van Nostrand Rheinhold Co. NY: John Wiley & Sons Inc. but only minor residual injury. 2B. 0= This degree includes materials that are normally stable. 1997.6 Skin. Fire Protection Guide to Hazardous Materials. These materials are only slightly hazardous to health and only breathing protection is needed..2. Eye. 1246  from HSDB 10. p. pyrophoric liquids. RISK Lewis. New York. 12 ed. The preferred method of fire attack is to stop the flow of material or to protect exposures while allowing the fire to burn itself out.. 12 ed..1. Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary. 12 ed. Fire Protection Guide to Hazardous Materials..4 Explosive Limits and Potential https://pubchem. 1997. even under fire exposure conditions.

Refer for medical attention .3 Eye First Aid First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes ﴾remove contact lenses if easily possible﴿.1 Spillage Disposal Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: chemical protection suit including self‐contained breathing apparatus.1 Inhalation First Aid Fresh air. rest. then refer for medical attention.  from ILO‐ICSC 10.5 Accidental Release Measures 10. if not possible and no risk to surroundings. Refer for medical attention.4 Fire Fighting Measures 10.2017­6­10 cis­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem vol% in air: 1.2 Disposal Methods https://pubchem.3.3.4. Ventilation.nih. Combat fire from a sheltered position.gov/compound/cis­2­Butene 21/34 .  from ILO‐ICSC 10. In other cases extinguish with water spray. let the fire burn itself out.4.  from ILO‐ICSC 10.3.  from ILO‐ICSC 10.2 Explosion Fire Fighting In case of fire: keep cylinder cool by spraying with water.2 Skin First Aid ON FROSTBITE: rinse with plenty of water.ncbi.  from ILO‐ICSC 10.0  from ILO‐ICSC 10.1 Fire Fighting Shut off supply.3 First Aid Measures 10.7‐9.  from ILO‐ICSC 10. do NOT remove clothes.nlm.5.5. NEVER direct water jet on liquid.

6. but also on factors including the form of the substance. Prior to implementing land disposal of waste residue ﴾including waste sludge﴿.3 Other Preventative Measures SRP: The scientific literature for the use of contact lenses in industry is conflicting.2 Inhalation Risk On loss of containment this substance can cause serious risk of suffocation when in confined areas. the usual eye protection equipment should be worn even when contact lenses are in place.  from ILO‐ICSC 10.7. characteristics and duration of the exposure.7.  from ILO‐ICSC 10.gov/compound/cis­2­Butene 22/34 .nlm. The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system. In any event. Exposure could cause unconsciousness.7 Exposure Control and Personal Protection 10.  from HSDB 10.3 Effects of Short Term Exposure Rapid evaporation of the liquid may cause frostbite.2017­6­10 cis­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem SRP: At the time of review. Cool. NO sparks and NO smoking.nih. Store outside or in a separate well‐ventilated building. consult with environmental regulatory agencies for guidance on acceptable disposal practices.  from ILO‐ICSC 10.1 Occupational Exposure Limits TLV ﴾NOT‐ESTABLISHED﴿:. there may be individual substances whose irritating or corrosive properties are such that the wearing of contact lenses would be harmful to the eye. However. the uses of other eye protection equipment.1 Safe Storage Fireproof.  from ILO‐ICSC https://pubchem. and the hygiene of the lenses. contact lenses should not be worn. In those specific cases.7.5. criteria for land treatment or burial ﴾sanitary landfill﴿ disposal practices are subject to significant revision. The benefit or detrimental effects of wearing contact lenses depend not only upon the substance.6 Handling and Storage 10.4 Fire Prevention NO open flames.  from ILO‐ICSC 10.ncbi.7.  from HSDB 10.

2004 Emergency Response Guidebook.  from ILO‐ICSC 10.7.S. . local exhaust or breathing protection.7. /Butylene/ U.6 Inhalation Prevention Use ventilation. drink.7.nlm..S. Containers may explode when heated. 2004 Emergency Response Guidebook. Use non‐sparking handtools. explosion‐proof electrical equipment and lighting. Some may be irritating if inhaled at high concentrations.  from ILO‐ICSC 10. Will form explosive mixtures with air. Will be easily ignited by heat. Department of Transportation. severe injury and/or frostbite. ventilation.gov/compound/cis­2­Butene 23/34 .7.8.  from ILO‐ICSC 10. /Butylene/ U.1 DOT Emergency Guidelines /GUIDE 115: GASES ‐ FLAMMABLE ﴾INCLUDING REFRIGERATED LIQUIDS﴿/ Fire or Explosion: EXTREMELY FLAMMABLE. 2004  from HSDB https://pubchem.7.ncbi.8 Transport Information 10. Ruptured cylinders may rocket. D.C.5 Explosion Prevention Closed system. Washington.9 Ingestion Prevention Do not eat. Prevent build‐up of electrostatic charges ﴾e. A Guide book for First Responders During the Initial Phase of a Dangerous Goods/Hazardous Materials Incident.C.  from ILO‐ICSC 10. sparks or flames. Flame arrester to prevent flash‐back from burner to cylinder.. Cylinders exposed to fire may vent and release flammable gas through pressure relief devices. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Washington.. Contact with gas or liquefied gas may cause burns. Vapors from liquefied gas are initially heavier than air and spread along ground.  from ILO‐ICSC 10. by grounding﴿ if in liquid state. A Guide book for First Responders During the Initial Phase of a Dangerous Goods/Hazardous Materials Incident. 2004  from HSDB /GUIDE 115: GASES ‐ FLAMMABLE ﴾INCLUDING REFRIGERATED LIQUIDS﴿/ Health: Vapors may cause dizziness or asphyxiation without warning. D.nih.7 Skin Prevention Cold‐insulating gloves.2017­6­10 cis­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem 10.g.8 Eye Prevention Wear face shield. Fire may produce irritating and/or toxic gases. Department of Transportation. or smoke during work.

nlm. CAUTION: When in contact with refrigerated/cryogenic liquids. 2004 Emergency Response Guidebook. Do not direct water at source of leak or safety devices. D. Department of Transportation. . A Guide book for First Responders During the Initial Phase of a Dangerous Goods/Hazardous Materials Incident.S. Washington. Use water spray to reduce vapors or divert vapor cloud drift. D. 2004 Emergency Response Guidebook. icing may occur.S. /Butylene/ U. D.C.2017­6­10 cis­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem /GUIDE 115: GASES ‐ FLAMMABLE ﴾INCLUDING REFRIGERATED LIQUIDS﴿/ Public Safety: CALL Emergency Response Telephone Number. many materials become brittle and are likely to break without warning. Administer oxygen if breathing is difficult. A Guide book for First Responders During the Initial Phase of a Dangerous Goods/Hazardous Materials Incident. /Butylene/ U. Washington. immediately cool affected skin for as long as possible with cold water. use unmanned hose holders or monitor nozzles. A Guide book for First Responders During the Initial Phase of a Dangerous Goods/Hazardous Materials Incident. /Butylene/ U. sparks or flames in immediate area﴿. If possible. Ensure that medical personnel are aware of the material﴾s﴿ involved and take precautions to protect themselves.S. turn leaking containers so that gas escapes rather than liquid.. Fire: If tank. consider initial evacuation for 1600 meters ﴾1 mile﴿ in all directions. D.. tanks﴿. Clothing frozen to the skin should be thawed before being removed. In case of contact with liquefied gas. also. Many gases are heavier than air and will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas ﴾sewers. 2004  from HSDB /GUIDE 115: GASES ‐ FLAMMABLE ﴾INCLUDING REFRIGERATED LIQUIDS﴿/ Spill or Leak: ELIMINATE all ignition sources ﴾no smoking. ventilation systems and confined areas. Department of Transportation.S. ISOLATE for 1600 meters ﴾1 mile﴿ in all directions. isolate spill or leak area for at least 100 meters ﴾330 feet ﴿ in all directions. basements.gov/compound/cis­2­Butene 24/34 . Department of Transportation. A Guide book for First Responders During the Initial Phase of a Dangerous Goods/Hazardous Materials Incident. withdraw from area and let fire burn. 2004  from HSDB /GUIDE 115: GASES ‐ FLAMMABLE ﴾INCLUDING REFRIGERATED LIQUIDS﴿/ Protective Clothing: Wear positive pressure self‐contained breathing apparatus ﴾SCBA﴿.. Move containers from fire area if you can do it without risk.C. if this is impossible. Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out. Do not direct water at spill or source of leak. /Butylene/ U.S. rail car or tank truck is involved in a fire. Fire involving tanks: Fight fire from maximum distance or use unmanned hose holders or monitor nozzles. thaw frosted parts with lukewarm water.C. /Butylene/ U. /Butylene/ U.. Stop leak if you can do it without risk. For massive fire. Washington. A Guide book for First Responders During the Initial Phase of a Dangerous Goods/Hazardous Materials Incident. Remove and isolate contaminated clothing and shoes. 2004 Emergency Response Guidebook. Stay upwind.C. ALWAYS stay away from tanks engulfed in fire. A Guide book for First Responders During the Initial Phase of a Dangerous Goods/Hazardous Materials Incident. Isolate area until gas has dispersed. 2004  from HSDB /GUIDE 115: GASES ‐ FLAMMABLE ﴾INCLUDING REFRIGERATED LIQUIDS﴿/ Evacuation: Large spill: Consider initial downwind evacuation for at least 800 meters ﴾1/2 mile﴿. Department of Transportation. Department of Transportation. Call 911 or emergency medical service. Large fires: Water spray or fog. Always wear thermal protective clothing when handling refrigerated/cryogenic liquids.C. Give artificial respiration if victim is not breathing. 2004 Emergency Response Guidebook. 2004 Emergency Response Guidebook. . D. Avoid allowing water runoff to contact spilled material. Do not remove clothing if adhering to skin.nih. Small fires: Dry chemical or CO2. Washington. Structural firefighters' protective clothing will only provide limited protection. flares.ncbi. D. Withdraw immediately in case of rising sound from venting safety devices or discoloration of tank. Prevent spreading of vapors through sewers. Washington. Keep victim warm and quiet.C. Keep out of low areas. All equipment used when handling the product must be grounded. Washington. Keep unauthorized personnel away. Do not touch or walk through spilled material. 2004 https://pubchem. In case of burns. 2004  from HSDB /GUIDE 115: GASES ‐ FLAMMABLE ﴾INCLUDING REFRIGERATED LIQUIDS﴿/ First Aid: Move victim to fresh air. 2004 Emergency Response Guidebook. 2004  from HSDB /GUIDE 115: GASES ‐ FLAMMABLE ﴾INCLUDING REFRIGERATED LIQUIDS﴿/ Fire: DO NOT EXTINGUISH A LEAKING GAS FIRE UNLESS LEAK CAN BE STOPPED. Department of Transportation.S. As an immediate precautionary measure.

S: ﴾2﴿‐9‐16‐33.8.ncbi.8.  from ILO‐ICSC https://pubchem.nlm.8. R: 12.2017­6­10 cis­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem  from HSDB 10.1  from ILO‐ICSC 10.gov/compound/cis­2­Butene 25/34 . R0.3 UN Classification UN Hazard Class: 2. F4. NFPA Code: H1.2 EC Classification Symbol: F+. Note: C  from ILO‐ICSC 10.nih.4 Emergency Response Transport Emergency Card: TEC ﴾R﴿‐20S1012 or 20G2F.

L.L.  from ILO‐ICSC 11. Emergency Care for Hazardous Materials Exposure. St. Currance. /Aliphatic hydrocarbons and related compounds/ Bronstein.. Mosby Lifeline.. Irrigate each eye continuously with normal saline during transport . For ingestion. St.1 Toxicological Information 11. Mosby Lifeline. MO...nlm. p. Suction if necessary. MO. For eye contamination... Consider drug therapy for pulmonary edema .. Unconsciousness.1 Exposure Routes The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation. Treat frostbite with rapid rewarming techniques . Louis.. Watch for signs of fluid overload. Anticipate seizures and treat as necessary . Do not use emetics.1. and does not drool. Emergency Care for Hazardous Materials Exposure. Watch for signs of respiratory insufficiency and assist ventilations if necessary. minimal flow rate/. Currance. p.5 Antidote and Emergency Treatment Basic Treatment: Establish a patent airway. flush eyes immediately with water. A.3 Skin Symptoms ON CONTACT WITH LIQUID: FROSTBITE..  from ILO‐ICSC 11.ncbi. Use lactated Ringer's if signs of hypovolemia are present. Monitor cardiac rhythm and treat arrhythmias as necessary . P..1.... 2nd ed. Louis.nih. Start an IV with D5W TKO /SRP: "To keep open". A.1...4 Eye Symptoms See Skin.. 1994.1.gov/compound/cis­2­Butene 26/34 . Monitor for pulmonary edema and treat if necessary . P.C. Administer activated charcoal . Positive‐pressure ventilation techniques with a bag‐valve‐mask device may be beneficial.. Use proparacaine hydrochloride to assist eye irrigation .  from ILO‐ICSC 11..2017­6­10 cis­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem 11 Toxicity 11.2 Inhalation Symptoms Dizziness. /Aliphatic hydrocarbons and related compounds/ Bronstein.1. has a strong gag reflex. 209‐210  from HSDB Advanced treatment: Consider orotracheal or nasotracheal intubation for airway control in the patient who is unconscious or in respiratory arrest.  from ILO‐ICSC 11.. 2nd ed.C. rinse mouth and administer 5 mL/kg up to 200 mL of water for dilution if the patient can swallow. Treat seizures with diazepam ﴾Valium﴿ ... 1994. Administer oxygen by nonrebreather mask at 10 to 15 L/min.. 210  from HSDB https://pubchem.

cis‐2‐ Butene was biodegraded by pure cultures isolated from soil and water. a vapor pressure of 1. Volatilization from water surfaces is expected to be an important fate process based upon this compound's Henry's Law constant. Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary. cis‐2‐Butene may volatilize from dry soil surfaces based upon a vapor pressure of 1.750 mm Hg at 25 deg C﴾5﴿.2 Artificial Sources Cis‐2‐butene is found in: gasoline at 0.nih. 12th ed.35 vol%. the half‐life for these reactions in air are estimated to be 6 and 1 hours. The Merck Index ‐ An Encyclopedia of Chemicals. respectively. Handbook of Environmental Data on Organic Chemicals. 359  from HSDB Ooccurs in coal gas. Handbook of Chemical Property Estimation Methods.2. cis‐2‐butene is expected to adsorb to suspended solids and sediment in water based upon the estimated Koc. Gas‐phase cis‐2‐ butene will be degraded in the atmosphere by reaction with photochemically‐produced hydroxyl radicals and ozone molecules. NY: Van Nostrand Reinhold Co. NY.09‐0. Occupational exposure to cis‐2‐butene may occur through inhalation and dermal contact with this compound at workplaces where cis‐2‐butene is produced or used.75 and 71 hours.. S. Whitehouse Station. NJ: Merck and Co. Estimated volatilization half‐lives for a model river and model lake are 0.1 Environmental Fate/Exposure Summary cis‐2‐Butene's production and use as a solvent. Inc.2‐0. Tsang W. (ed.. p. The general population may be exposed to cis‐2‐butene via inhalation of ambient air. NY: Van Nostrand Reinhold Co. Hydrolysis is not expected due to a lack of hydrolyzable functional groups. determined from a log Kow of 2. handling of fuel. cross‐linking agent and an intermediate in the synthesis of butadiene may result in its release to the environment through various waste streams. Pure cultures isolated from soil and lake water samples degraded cis‐2‐butene to 2. J Phys Chem 74: 2970‐76 (1970) (5) Daubert TE. Res Rev 85: 17‐28 (1983) (2) Hansch C et al.. an estimated Koc value of 440﴾SRC﴿.gov/compound/cis­2­Butene 27/34 . indicates that cis‐2‐butene is expected to have moderate mobility in soil.). p. DC: Amer Chem Soc pp. ﴾SRC﴿  from HSDB 11.2 Ecological Information 11.. Washington. 4‐9 (1990) (4) Wasik SP.ncbi. Danner https://pubchem. K. Volatilization from moist soil surfaces is expected to be an important fate process based upon a Henry's Law constant of 0. If released into water. Verschueren. (1) Swann RL et al.33﴾2﴿ and a regression‐derived equation﴾3﴿.2017­6­10 cis­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem 11.3‐epoxybutane﴾6﴿. cis‐2‐butene is expected to have moderate mobility based upon an estimated Koc of 440. Exploring QSAR Fundamentals and Applications in Chemistry and Biology.. 179 (1993)  from HSDB 11. New York. Washington. 3rd ed. evaporite from gasoline fuel tank at 4. cis‐2‐Butene may volatilize from dry soil surfaces based upon its vapor pressure. and Biologicals. and exposure to engine exhaust.2.3 Environmental Fate TERRESTRIAL FATE: Based on a classification scheme﴾1﴿. respectively. Drugs.2. (1) Lewis RJ.231 atm‐cu m/mole﴾4﴿. evaporite from carburetor at 0. 1996. 1996. /2‐Butene/ Budavari. Volatilization of cis‐2‐butene from moist soil surfaces is expected to be an important fate process﴾SRC﴿ given a Henry's Law constant of 0. Nighttime degradation by the reaction with nitrate radicals is also expected to be a significant removal process with a half‐life of 0. DC: Amer Chem Soc (1995) (3) Lyman WJ et al..5 hours.3 vol%. An estimated BCF of 12 suggests the potential for bioconcentration in aquatic organisms is low. If released to air.600 mm Hg at 25 deg C indicates cis‐2‐butene will exist solely as a gas in the ambient atmosphere.20 vol%.231 atm‐cu m/mole. 251  from HSDB cis‐2‐Butene's production and use as a solvent. If released to soil.nlm. p. cross‐linking agent and an intermediate in the synthesis of butadiene﴾1﴿ may result in its release to the environment through various waste streams﴾SRC﴿.

Handbook of Chemical Property Estimation Methods.33﴾2﴿ and a regression‐derived equation﴾3﴿. Using this Henry's Law constant and an estimation method﴾3﴿. 7‐5 (1990)  from HSDB https://pubchem. 15‐1 to 15‐29 (1990) (4) Wasik SP. is expected to exist solely as a gas in the ambient atmosphere. Gas‐phase cis‐2‐butene is degraded in the atmosphere by reaction with photochemically‐produced hydroxyl radicals. Carter WPL. Environ Toxicol Chem 18: 664‐672 (1999) (7) Hou CT et al. J Phys Chem Ref Data Monograph 1 (1989) (4) Atkinson R. Volatilization from water surfaces is expected﴾3﴿ based upon a Henry's Law constant of 0. Exploring QSAR Fundamentals and Applications in Chemistry and Biology.4X10‐11 cu cm/molecule‐sec at 25 deg C﴾1﴿. indicates that cis‐2‐butene is expected to adsorb to suspended solids and sediment in water﴾SRC﴿. Environ Sci Technol 22: 361‐367 (1988) (2) Daubert TE.gov/compound/cis­2­Butene 28/34 . Carter WPL.5 hours﴾SRC﴿ calculated from its rate constant of 1. Physical and Thermodynamic Properties of Pure Chemicals Data Compilation Washington. Pure cultures isolated from soil and lake water samples degraded cis‐2‐ butene to 2. This corresponds to an atmospheric half‐life of about 6 hours at an atmospheric concentration of 5X10+5 hydroxyl radicals per cu cm﴾1﴿. Danner RP.75 and 71 hours. an estimated BCF of 12﴾SRC﴿. The half‐life for the reaction with ozone molecules is estimated to be 1 hour﴾SRC﴿ calculated from its rate constant of 2. respectively﴾SRC﴿. According to a classification scheme﴾5﴿. Chem Rev 84: 437‐70 (1984) (5) Atkinson R et al.0X10‐16 cu cm/molecule‐sec at 25 deg C﴾2﴿. Handbook of Chemical Property Estimation Methods. Washington. This corresponds to an atmospheric half‐life of about 0.231 atm‐cu m/mole﴾4﴿. volatilization half‐lives for a model river and model lake are 0.2. Washington. 5‐4. The half‐life for the nighttime reaction with nitrate radicals is estimated to be 0.600 mm Hg at 25 deg C﴾2﴿. J Phys Chem 88: 1210‐6 (1984) (4) Lyman WJ et al. (1) Swann RL et al.3‐epoxybutane﴾7﴿. Chemosphere 29: 1501‐14 (1994) (6) Meylan WM et al.3‐epoxybutane﴾1﴿. The rate constant for the gas‐phase nighttime reaction of cis‐2‐butene with nitrate radicals has been measured as 1. J Phys Chem 88: 1210‐6 (1984)  from HSDB 11.5 hours at an atmospheric concentration of 2X10+9 nitrate radicals per cu cm﴾3﴿. This corresponds to an atmospheric half‐life of about 1 hour at an atmospheric concentration of 7X10+11 ozone molecules per cu cm﴾2﴿.5 Abiotic Degredation The rate constant for the gas‐phase reaction of cis‐2‐butene with photochemically‐produced hydroxyl radicals has been measured as 6. from its log Kow﴾2﴿ and a regression‐derived equation﴾6﴿. Tsang W. suggests the potential for bioconcentration in aquatic organisms is low. 4‐9. an estimated Koc value of 440﴾SRC﴿.89X10‐13 cu cm/molecule‐sec at 25 deg C﴾3﴿. DC: Taylor and Francis (1989) (6) Hou CT et al. DC: Amer Chem Soc pp. (1) Bidleman TF. Chem Rev 85: 69‐201 (1985)(2) Atkinson R. cis‐2‐Butene is not expected to undergo hydrolysis in the environment due to the lack of hydrolyzable functional groups﴾4﴿ nor to directly photolyze due to the lack of absorption in the environmental UV spectrum.4 Biodegredation Pure cultures isolated from soil and lake water samples degraded cis‐2‐butene to 2. Appl Environ Microbiol 46: 171‐77 (1983)  from HSDB AQUATIC FATE: Based on a classification scheme﴾1﴿. determined from a log Kow of 2. J Phys Chem 74: 2970‐76 (1970) (5) Franke C et al.ncbi.4X10‐11 cu cm/molecule‐ sec at 25 deg C﴾3﴿. 7‐4.2.[﴾1﴿ Hou CT et al. cis‐2‐butene. Res Rev 85: 17‐28 (1983) (2) Hansch C et al. DC: Amer Chem Soc pp. DC: Taylor and Francis (1989) (3) Atkinson R. Washington. Appl Environ Microbiol 46: 171‐77 (1983)  from HSDB ATMOSPHERIC FATE: According to a model of gas/particle partitioning of semivolatile organic compounds in the atmosphere﴾1﴿. The half‐life for the reaction with hydroxyl radicals is estimated to be 6 hours﴾SRC﴿ calculated from its rate constant of 6. Physical and Thermodynamic Properties of Pure Chemicals Data Compilation Washington. The rate constant for the gas‐phase reaction of cis‐2‐butene with ozone molecules has been measured as 2.2017­6­10 cis­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem RP. DC: Amer Chem Soc (1995) (3) Lyman WJ et al. Appl Environ Microbiol 46: 171‐77 ﴾1983﴿] Full text: PMC239284 Abstract: PubMed  from HSDB 11. 5‐10.nlm. Chem Rev 84: 437‐70 (1984)(3) Atkinson R et al. (1) Atkinson R. which has a vapor pressure of 1.nih. ozone molecules and nitrate radicals﴾SRC﴿.89X10‐13 cu cm/molecule‐sec at 25 deg C﴾5﴿.0X10‐16 cu cm/molecule‐sec at 25 deg C﴾4﴿.

(1) Wasik SP. J Phys Chem 74: 2970‐76 (1970)(2) Lyman WJ et al. 15‐1 to 15‐29 (1990) (3) Daubert TE.2 and 0. this BCF suggests the potential for bioconcentration in aquatic organisms is low. J Geophys Res 98: 2851‐64 (1993) (6) Ostermark U.ncbi. CA at a mean concn of 6. cis‐2‐Butene was reported in the Caldecott Tunnel. wind velocity of 3 m/sec﴿﴾2﴿ is estimated as 0.2. Chemosphere 27: 1719‐28 (1993) (7) Ostermark U.nlm. 4‐9 (1990) (3) Swann RL et al. Handbook of Chemical Property Estimation Methods. not quantified.9 Effluents Concentrations cis‐2‐Butene was identified. Res Rev 85: 17‐28 (1983)  from HSDB 11. J Air Waste Manage Assoc 48: 604‐15 (1998) (2) Gabele P. flowing 1 m/sec. DC: Amer Chem Soc (1995) (2) Lyman WJ et al. Washington. Petersson G. England was reported as 7. cis‐2‐Butene may volatilize from dry soil surfaces﴾SRC﴿ based upon a vapor pressure of 1. Exploring QSAR Fundamentals and Applications in Chemistry and Biology. Washington. (1) Hansch C et al. Exploring QSAR Fundamentals and Applications in Chemistry and Biology. cis‐2‐Butene was detected at concns of 1. According to a classification scheme﴾3﴿.8 Volatilization from Water/Soil The Henry's Law constant for cis‐2‐butene is 0. Environ Toxicol Chem 18: 664‐672 (1999) (3) Franke C et al. not quantified. using a log Kow of 2.05 m/sec. Handbook of Chemical Property Estimation Methods. According to a classification scheme﴾3﴿. (1) Rogak SN et al. in automobile emissions in Canada﴾1﴿ and 4‐stroke lawn mowers﴾2﴿.7 ug/cu m in the effluent of a Swedish cat‐cracking refinery﴾7﴿.334 ppb along roadsides and at 0. DC: Amer Chem Soc pp.33﴾1﴿ and a regression‐derived equation﴾2﴿. Atmos Environ 30: 2463‐73 (1996) (5) Blake NJ et al. J Air Waste Manage Assoc 47: 945‐52 (1997) (3) Fraser MP et al. DC: Amer Chem Soc (1995)(2) Meylan WM et al.6 Bioconcentration An estimated BCF of 12 was calculated for cis‐2‐butene﴾SRC﴿. wind velocity of 0. Car exhaust in London. The concn of cis‐2‐butene at an unspecified street in London. Physical and Thermodynamic Properties of Pure Chemicals Data Compilation Washington.2. this estimated Koc value suggests that cis‐2‐butene is expected to have moderate mobility in soil. (1) Hansch C et al. Based on this Henry's Law constant. the volatilization half‐life from a model river ﴾1 m deep.6 mg/l in August of 1994 when https://pubchem. Chemosphere 29: 1501‐14 (1994)  from HSDB 11. The emission rate of cis‐2‐butene from typical automobiles was reported as 27 mg per liter of gasoline﴾3﴿.2017­6­10 cis­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem 11. Washington. The emission rate of cis‐2‐butene from ferries with diesel engines was reported as 0. cis‐2‐Butene was identified. The volatilization half‐life from a model lake ﴾1 m deep.7 Soil Adsorption/Mobility The Koc of cis‐2‐butene is estimated as 440﴾SRC﴿.1 mg/kWh﴾4﴿. This Henry's Law constant indicates that cis‐2‐ butene is expected to volatilize rapidly from water surfaces﴾2﴿. in exhaust from a moped and lawnmower﴾6﴿.600 mm Hg at 25 deg C﴾3﴿.33﴾1﴿ and a regression‐derived equation﴾2﴿.231 atm‐cu m/mole﴾1﴿.5 m/sec﴿﴾2﴿ is estimated as 71 hours﴾SRC﴿. flowing 0. Washington DC: Amer Chem Soc pp. England contained cis‐2‐butene at an avg concn of 648 ppb﴾5﴿. DC: Taylor and Francis (1989)  from HSDB 11.159 ppb at airports in Atlanta.2. GA﴾1﴿. using a log Kow of 2.12‐5. Tsang W.2.gov/compound/cis­2­Butene 29/34 . Chemosphere 30: 1813‐17 (1995)  from HSDB 11.1 ppb﴾2﴿.75 hours﴾SRC﴿.2. Environ Sci Technol 32: 2051‐60 (1998) (4) Cooper DA et al. Danner RP.nih.10 Atmospheric Concentrations SOURCE DOMINATED: cis‐2‐Butene was reported at an avg concn of 0.

(1) Conner TL et al. Austria﴾4﴿.1‐0. J Air Waste Manage Assoc 45: 591‐603 (1995) (4) Lanzerstorfer C. cis‐2‐Butene was reported in the Caldecott Tunnel.2017­6­10 cis­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem low oxygenated fuels ﴾0. (1) Grosjean E et al.03 ppb during nighttime hours﴾1﴿. CA﴾2﴿. The general population may be exposed to cis‐2‐butene via inhalation of ambient air. Atmos Environ 27A 749‐57 (1993)  from HSDB 11. Petersson G. cis‐2‐Butene was detected in 51% of the air samples obtained in Atlanta. J Geophys Res 98: 2851‐64 (1993) (3) Kirschstetter TW et al.15 ppb﴾3﴿. Environ Sci Technol 31: 2356‐67 (1997) (3) Bernardo‐Bricker A et al.nih. Mean concns of 3‐4 ppb cis‐2‐butene were reported for various sites around Vienna. Sweden﴾4﴿. J Air Waste Manage Assoc 45: 383‐94 (1995) (2) Blake NJ et al.3%﴿ were being employed in the San Francisco area﴾3﴿.11 Probable Routes of Human Exposure Occupational exposure to cis‐2‐butene may occur through inhalation and dermal contact with this compound at workplaces where cis‐2‐butene is produced or used. Canada at a concn of 0.02‐0. and exposure to exhaust fumes. GA at concns of 0.166 ppb﴾2﴿. Water Air Soil Pollut 51: 345‐55 (1990)  from HSDB RURAL/REMOTE: cis‐2‐Butene was detected in the atmosphere of the Borden Forest.gov/compound/cis­2­Butene 30/34 . (1) Fuentes JD et al. not quantified. CA at a mean concn of 13.6 mg/l in October of 1994 when high oxygenated fuels ﴾2%﴿ were being employed in the San Francisco area﴾3﴿. cis‐2‐Butene was detected in Egbert. ﴾SRC﴿  from HSDB https://pubchem.75 ug/cu m﴾ND‐3. cis‐2‐Butene was identified. cis‐2‐Butene was reported in 1993 at an avg concn of 0.ncbi. Environ Sci Technol 32: 2061‐69 (1998) (2) Fraser MP et al. Brazil in 1996 at a mean concn of 2.2.0 ug/cu m﴿ in Los Angeles. Environ Sci Technol 30: 661‐70 (1996) (4) Barrefors G. Chemosphere 25: 691‐96 (1992)  from HSDB URBAN/SUBURBAN: cis‐2‐Butene was reported in urban air in Porto Alegre. in the Tingstad Tunnel.nlm. handling of gasoline. Canada in 1993 at concns of 0. Puxbaum H.01‐0.04 ppb during daytime hours and 0.3 mg/cu m﴾1﴿. J Atmos Chem 25: 67‐95 (1996) (2) Shepson PB et al.

ncbi.2017­6­10 cis­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem 12 Patents 12.  from PubChem https://pubchem.nih.nlm.1 Depositor‐Supplied Patent Identifiers CLICK TO LOAD...gov/compound/cis­2­Butene 31/34 .

ncbi.2 WIPO IPC CLICK TO LOAD.gov/compound/cis­2­Butene 32/34 ..1.1 ChEBI Ontology CLICK TO LOAD..1.  from ChEBI 13.  from WIPO https://pubchem.nlm.nih.1 Ontologies 13...2017­6­10 cis­2­Butene | C4H8 ­ PubChem 13 Classification 13.

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