EMG detection and processing for Event Detection

Neha Hooda, Neelesh Kumar
Biomedical Instrumentation Unit, CSIR-CSIO, Chandigarh, India

Abstract:

INTRODUCTION
The human body is composed of various types of cells fundamental for
the life. One of these is the myocyte, found in muscle tissues present in
most of the living beings. These tissues have the ability to extend or
contract based upon the neural stimuli they receive from the brain.
Muscle tissues perform both the functions i.e. involuntary movement of
internal body organs and voluntary production of external force or
motion. They are responsible for hand movement and grasping, postural
control as well as locomotion. Three types of muscle tissues are
identified in humans named: cardiac muscle, smooth muscle and skeletal
muscle.
The skeletal muscle tissue is attached to the bone and is the one supplied
with neuronal impulses to generate contractions responsible for skeletal
movement. These are the only type of muscle that come under voluntary
control and hence used for movement detection and processing.
The skeletal muscle tissue is attached to
the bone and its contraction is responsible for supporting
and moving the skeleton. The contraction of skeletal
muscle is initiated by impulses in the neurons to the
muscle and is usually under voluntary control. Skeletal
muscle fibers are well-supplied with neurons for its
contraction. This particular type of neuron is called a
“motor neuron” and it approaches close to muscle tissue,
but is not actually connected to it. One motor neuron
usually supplies stimulation to many muscle fibers.

The development of EMG started as early as 1666 when Francesco Redi’s documented the electricity generation by
the specialized muscle of the electric ray fish. As the research progressed, Dubios-Raymond discovered the
possibility of recording electrical activity during a voluntary muscle contraction in 1849 but the actual acquisition
was not done until the end of 19th century. Marey in 1890 introduced the term electromyography abbreviated EMG

J. Cineantropom. zero mean addictive white Gaussian noise and N is the number of motor unit firings. [2] R.8 November. [4] Yukiko Nakamura.R.102. O. of Rev. Cram and Steger introduced a clinical method for scanning a variety of muscles using an EMG sensing device (5). Zilvold G. modeled EMG signal. Clinical use of surface EMG (sEMG) for the treatment of more specific disorders began in the 1960s.M. Maryland. represents the MUAP. Individual muscle fiber action potentials can be acquired using needle electrodes placed directly in the muscle but it is an invasive procedure. Harlaar J. “Introduction to Surface Electromyography. Electromyography in the biomechanical analysis of human movement and its clinical application. Ellenbecker (2016) “Electromyographic Activity of Scapular Muscle Control in Free-Motion Exercise. G. Equation 1 shows a simple model of the EMG signal: Σ − = =−+ 1 0 ()()()() N r x n h r e n r w n (1) where x(n). Holtz. Desempenho Hum. William Zev Rymer and Nina L. “Power Spectral Analysis of Surface EMG in stroke: a preliminary study.P.” Journal of Athletic Training In-Press. In 1922. Gasser and Erlanger used an oscilloscope to show [1] J. 93.. 8(2):143-158. represents the firing impulse. Brian Jeon. “Correlation between Kinesia system assessments and clinical tremor scores in patients with essential tremor. J. California.” Journal of Mov Disord. It is a non-invasive procedure of electrical stimulus estimation corresponding to the event detection in human body.S. Vol 18. Helter Luiz da Rosa Oliveira.” Aspen Publishers Inc. Suresh. e(n). Gabriel Gustavo Bergmann “Flexibility and muscle strength/resistance indicators and screening of low back pain in adolescents.H. w(n). 6 .F. h(r). Buurke. Grasp Recognition From . Giuffrida. Mostile. Aneesha K. Kleissen. Dunlop G. Hardyck and his researchers were the first (1966) practitioners to use sEMG (5). Jankovic. Kasman. Bras. A. No 1 (2016). 2013. [3] Sudarsan Srivatsan. EMG records the combination of the muscle fiber action potentials from all the muscle fibers of a single motor unit using skin surface electrodes (non-invasive) placed near this field.25(12):1938-43 [7] Ferguson S. In the early 1980s. Gaithersburg. Masaaki Tsuruike. [6] G . Adam. Xiaogang Hu. Mauren Lúcia de Araújo Bergmann. point processed.now a days [1]. pp. 2010 Sep 15.” J. Davidson. Suresh.R. 1998. J. Cram.” 6th Annual International IEEE EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering San Diego. [5] Rui Carlos Gomes Dorneles. J. and Todd S. inserted in the muscle (3). Gait Posture 1998.

78-83. and Hee Chan Kim. Procedures Australasian Conference Robotics and Automation 2002. pp. Biosignals offer potential for direct interfaces and health monitoring. [8] Stanford V. [9] Duck Gun Park. “Muscleman: Wireless input device for a fighting action game based on the EMG signal and acceleration of the human forearm.intuinno.com/uploads/1/0/2/9/10297987/muscleman_paper. .” [www. Pervasive Computing. IEEE 2004.pdf]. 3(1):99-103.Myoelectric Signals.

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