# International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering

Website: www.ijetae.com (ISSN 2250-2459, ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal, Volume 3, Issue 4, April 2013)

Analytical Method for Velocity Analysis of Simple and
Compound Mechanisms Using Simple Trigonometry
Pravin S. Ghawade1, Nilesh D. Shirgire2
1,2
Assistant Professor in Jawaharlal Darda Inst.Of Engg. & Tech. Yavatmal(M.S.),India.&
Abstract— The Analysis of Simple and Compound If a number of bodies are assembled in such a way that
mechanisms has been actively studied since the last century. motion of one causes constrained and predictable motion to
The pioneering work in this field was explored by Reuleaux in the others, it is known as mechanism. A mechanism
the 1870’s and continuous to be a field of active research. transmits and modifies a motion. A machine is a
Every time, we cant be dependent totally on graphical
mechanism or combination of mechanisms which, apart
working of any thing in the universe, it leads thing to take
much time with less accuracy. Also Graphical method is from imparting definite motion to the parts, also transmit
inconvenient for Drawing. So we have developed such a and modifies the available mechanical energy into some
Analytical method using Trigonometry for Analyzing the kind of desired work. Thus, mechanism is a fundamental
simple & compound mechanisms which will be helpful for the unit for motion transmission. Generally, mechanism used in
design engineer to carry out the research work in the Industry a machine is responsible for the performance of machine
by reducing the maximum graphical work. Initially this and required output. A mechanism with four links is called
method requires initial position of mechanism or angle of each as simple mechanism. A four bar mechanism is much
links with horizontal Axis which also needed in Graphical preferred mechanical device for the mechanization and
Method. The focus of this paper is to draw manually velocity
control of motion due to its simplicity and versatility.
diagram on X and Y axis without using any drawing
instruments for determining the Linear or Angular Velocities Basically, it consists of four rigid links which are
of links for analysis purpose of four bar, five bar, Six bar, connected in the form of a quadrilateral by four bar joints.
Seven bar linkages etc. When one of the links is fixed, it is known as frame. A link
that makes complete revolution is known as crank, link
Keywords— Four bar, Six Bar, Space Diagram, Manually opposite to the fixed link is known as coupler and fourth
drawn Free Velocity Polygon on X & Y Axis , Triangles etc. link is known as rocker. But values of velocity and
acceleration changes with respect to time for different
I. INTRODUCTION positions of the crank. So analytical approach is an
To study the motion of a simple & compound alternate method and preferable than graphical to save time
mechanism, knowledge of velocity and acceleration and cost.
analysis is required. The analysis of velocity and The graphical method is less accurate than analytical
acceleration depend upon the graphical as well as analytical method. However, Graphical method is preferred as it gives
methods. The graphical approach is suitable for finding out the motion characteristics of all the links. But The
the velocity and acceleration of the links of a mechanism in graphical method restricted for determining velocity and
one or two positions of the crank. However, if it is required acceleration for each and every crank angle of the
to find these values at various configurations of the mechanism. According ,Ron P. Podhorodeski, Scott B.
mechanism or to find the maximum values of maximum Nokleby and Jonathan D. Wittchen [1] , they have
velocity or acceleration, it is not convenient to draw described the work related to QR mechanism design and
velocity and acceleration diagrams again and again. In that analysis. The experiences familiarize the terminology of
case, analytical expressions for displacement, velocity and mechanisms, with concept related mechanism synthesis,
acceleration in terms of general parameters are derived. In with relative motion analysis and with techniques and
this paper a Analytical method using simple trigonometry computer programs for the design and analysis of
is used for getting values of linear velocities & Angular mechanisms. Matt Campbell & Stephen S.Nestinger [2],
velocities of a simple or compound mechanisms at any they have provided a software package for the analysis and
position of the crank. Graphical method is very design of a Whit worth quick return mechanism. This QR
monotonous as compare to Analytical method, because it is class can be used to calculate or plot the position, velocity
not feasible to draw at one rotation of crank angle. & acceleration of the mechanism.

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