Column Metadata Report

Use the Column Metadata Report to quickly find out useful information about the
current columns in the open ioGAS file.

The report contains the following information:

 Name - Name of column as displayed in the Alias column in the Column Properties
dialog. Non-plot columns e.g. Sample ID and coordinate columns are left blank.

 Original Name - Name of column as imported into ioGAS

 State - This is the column type which may be Text, Numeric, Derived and whether or
not the column is Aliased. See Column Properties for more information about the
different column types.

 Expression - The expression used in the calculation, eg. PCA parameters, Diagram
axis equation

Use the Copy button to copy the column metadata report to clipboard and then paste
into Word, Excel, etc.

Column Metadata Report window showing column names , type and expression for
calculated PCA columns

Select Variables

Before any data can be viewed in a plot window the variable columns must be
selected for use. Different plot types or analytical tools may require a minimum
number of variables to be selected and in some cases the order of the selected
variables may also be important.

(These colours correspond to the colours also used in the Columns Properties dialog). . The colour helps to select the appropriate variables to display on a plot e. the first selected variable is used as the X axis when there are multiple variables to be plotted. text fields may not very useful in a scatterplot.For example. Dark blue columns represent calculated or derived numeric columns created within ioGAS.g. Green variables have been "aliased" or matched to standard geochemical names in the Column Properties dialog whilst dark green variables represent calculated or derived "aliased" columns created within ioGAS . Select Variables dialog showing selected variables In the Available window is a list of all of the current variables in the dataset. Select Data>Select Variables (Ctrl-V keyboard shortcut) or click on the icon. For other plots all selected variables are used. in some plots such as an XY Scatter plot. 1. Ternary plots use the first three variables in the Selected window so re-ordering may be required to ensure the correct variables are displayed. Black coloured variables are text columns while the blue coloured variables are numeric columns in the dataset.

Green to select all "aliased" variables. 1. Variable columns can also be moved by double-clicking on them with the mouse or dragging them across holding down the left-mouse button. Variables containing no valid data are not be selected with the Multi-Select buttons however it is possible to select them manually. To remove variables from the Selected window use the Unselect One or Unselect All buttons. . hold down the SHIFT key and then click on the last variable. individual variables can be added or removed as required. Text variables can be plotted with the text value along the axis in most plot types. When the variables are selected click Apply or OK to exit the dialog. To move either click within the selected box and drag with the cursor to the new location or use the Up and Down arrows.g. To remove contiguous multiple variables hold down the SHIFT key and for non-contiguous variables hold down the Ctrl key. there are practical limitations to the number of variable columns that can be plotted at the same time. To select contiguous multiple variables hold down the SHIFT key and for non-contiguous variables hold down the Ctrl key. e. All the variables including the first and last are selected. Variables can also be removed by double-clicking on them with the mouse or dragging them across holding down the left-mouse button.Choose Variables In the Select Variables dialog use the white arrow button to move a single variable column from the Available window across to the Selected window. To select all variables for a particular column type click one of the coloured multi- arrow buttons. Note that depending on the type of plot. The Red multi-arrow button will select all variables provided there is at least one valid data entry present. It is also possible to click on a variable and drag it to a new position in the selected list using the cursor. Order Variables The order of the variables in the Selected window can be modified using the Up and Down arrows. Blue to select all numeric variables or Black to select all text variables. Group Provided ioGAS provides a number of commonly used Element Groups to make selecting variables easier and minimise time. A dot plot by group can be created in this way. Once selected. To re-order multiple adjacent variables select the first variable. the number of samples and whether the tabbed windows option is selected. One or more groups can be added to the Selected window by selecting them from the Provided pull-down list.

An Element Group can only be selected if the columns in the dataset are 'aliased'. Examples of provided element groups for selection Provided Element Groups .

It is also possible using the Select Labels menu option. . attribute map.History Variable selections are automatically saved with the ioGAS file and can retrieved from the History pull-down list at the top of the dialog. List of saved variable selections including tooltip showing contents in each selection Select Labels When the mouse cursor is placed over a data point in a plot window an information box (or tooltip) is displayed containing information such as the sample ID number and specific information about the data point depending on what type of plot window is open. etc. eg. in a probability plot the tooltip will display the plot variable and the Normal Score value while spatial plots will display coordinate information. to display additional information from other variable columns such as geological unit. probability plots. analysis method or assay values in the tooltip. XY Scatterplot. the tooltip will display the values of the variables used in the plot for each data point. In an XY plot for example.

Select Data>Select Labels 2.XY plot showing tooltip with selected text column labels The variables selected in the Select Labels dialog can also be viewed as additional columns when an Attribute Map or Ranked Variable Map is exported to Google Earth. Select Labels dialog showing selected text columns to display . 1. In the Select Labels dialog use the arrows to select columns from the Available window and move them across to the Selected window. The order of the variables in the Selected window can be modified using the Up and Down arrows. Columns can also be selected by double-clicking with the mouse.

In a map or plot window place the cursor over a data point. Elevation. For example. XY plot showing tooltip with selected column labels View Data View Data (Selected Columns) The Data>View Data (Selected Columns) menu option displays a spreadsheet (rows x columns) view of the dataset for the selected variable columns. North. East. If the tooltip does not show right away click on the blue title bar of the plot window and place the cursor over the data point again. Special columns such as ID. 3. if Zn and Ni are the only two variables selected the datasheet view would appear as follows: Data selected variable columns only View showing . 4. WGS84 Longitude/Latitude and Date/Time are also displayed if present. Click OK. The updated label column information should appear in the tooltip information box.

shape. make variables from attribute or diagram axes then these will appended to the dataset. Select Data>View Data (Selected Columns) or Data>View Data (All Columns) 3. Click again to reverse the sort. size combination in the Attribute Manager. An example is shown below where only the first set of variables are visible. calculated columns. size and visibility attributes are displayed. Setup a colour. levelled data columns. To de-select a row click on it again. The Data>View Data (All Columns) menu option displays a spreadsheet (rows x columns) view of the dataset for all the variable columns. shape. To select non-consecutive rows hold down the Ctrl key. Select the rows to update in the datasheet. If any derived columns are created eg. 2. . 1. To select a single row click on it with the left-mouse button. shape and size attributes from the Attribute Manager window to selected rows in the datasheet view. To select consecutive rows hold down the Shift key or click and drag the left mouse button. When the file is saved these attributes are retained and will be re-displayed when the file is re-opened. View Data (All Columns) Select Data>View Data (All Columns) or click on the icon. Data View showing all variable columns Apply Attributes to Selection The Apply attributes to Selection button is used to apply the currently selected colour.To sort a column left-mouse click on the column header. At the beginning of the data view the current colour.

Make Variable from Attribute The current colour. Visibility can also be used to flag data in order to distinguish between one group of samples and another. Click the Apply Attributes to selection button. Use the Shift &/or Ctrl keys to select consecutive or non-consecutive rows of data. shape and size attributes for selected rows Copy Data The following buttons copy the data to clipboard where it can then be pasted into 3rd party applications such as Excel:  Copy All . Data View showing updated colour. shape.Data View showing selected rows ready for attributing 3. size attributes (or a combination of all three) for each data point can be saved as a new variable column in the dataset.Copy all records in the dataset  Copy Selected . . A confirmation dialog is displayed and the colour.Copy selected records only. shape and size attribute columns are now updated to reflect the current Attribute Manager settings.

Select the corresponding Data menu option. Colour. Set up the desired colour/shape/size/visibility or filter attributes in the Attribute Manager. Enter a column name for the new variable and click OK. 3. 4. to make a variable column from the current colour attributes select Data>Make Variable from Colour. The text column contains the attribute group name or percentile bin range name with the numeric column containing a corresponding numerical value for each unique entry. shape and size attributes saved as numeric and text variable columns .The following options are available from the Data menu: To make new variable column: 1. 2. Eg. A numeric and text variable column is generated for the attribute selected. To view the new columns select the Data>View Data (All Columns) menu option and scroll to right to see the new columns.

CSV or text file to preserve the recorded attributes for use in other applications. The subsample size can be specified as a percentage of samples or an absolute number of samples randomly selected from the entire dataset . Make variable columns can be deleted by selecting them in the dialog under the Edit>Remove Columns menu option. Patterns or trends obtained in the subsampled data can also be compared with those obtained from the entire dataset to test for sampling bias. The subsample is automatically added to the Attribute Manager as a filter group ready to use in ioGAS. It is also possible to use File>Export options to save the file as an Excel spreadsheet.Note that the file must be saved after the new variable columns have been created in order for them to be retained. The percentage method includes a further option to for the same proportion of random samples to be selected from each Attribute Manager colour group. Select Data>Randomly Subsample Data menu option 2. If a data point does not have an assigned colour. Left: scatter plots of entire dataset and Right: scatter plots of random subsample by colour group To create a random subsample: 1. Randomly Subsample Data Reduce large datasets down to a manageable size for analysis in ioGAS by generating a random subsample of data. shape or size attribute then the numeric attribute variable column will display a '0’ entry and the text attribute variable column will display a ‘default’ entry. Specify the Subsample Parameters: .

The following message is displayed that the subsample filter is created. 3. Click Apply. . The newly created random subsample is added as a new group to the Attribute Manager Filter tab. This log file can be viewed at any time using the Data>Show Change Log menu option or the Show Log buttons at the bottom of the Data Doctor or Search and Replace dialogs. Change Log File The Change Log file shows all of the modifications that are made to a dataset from the time it is first imported into ioGAS. If existing filters are already set in the Attribute Manager a prompt to for these to be removed is displayed first. 4. It is also possible to copy the contents of the Log file into a text file using the Copy button.

username.Deleted columns using Column Properties dialog.The following events are all recorded in the Log file:  Import Details . the problem and number of occurrences. the replacement value. the replacement value and the variable column affected  Data Doctor .Additional information entered by users via the Data>Add Note to Change Log menu option. Users can add their own information into the Change Log file using the Data>Add Note to Change Log menu option. TXT file  Open XRF . BDL value. or visible rows are saved along with the new file name. CSV.Using Edit>Remove Invisible Rows menu option  Save As .Indicates whether all rows. number of replacements and the variable column updated  Column Removal . the replacement value and the variable column affected  Search & Replace . Excel spreadsheet. . This information is saved in the ioGAS file along with the other Change Log information and is a good way to share important information about a dataset that is accessed by multiple users.ie.Date/time.Date/time.  Custom.Date/time. number of occurrences. username. original value. username. Edit>Remove Columns or Validate>Remove Columns Containing only Nulls menu options  Removing Invisible Rows .

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