Radio Datasheet 0004 GSM1800 and EGSM Usage Policy
This datasheet is compiled and owned by Radio Engineering. Date of last update : 19 June 2009.

SUMMARY: This datasheet provides policy guidelines for when and where to deploy
GSM 1800 & EGSM at existing and new sites. This updated datasheet
provides guidelines on the clearance of the full 5Mhz EGSM band in
preparation for use for a UMTS 900 carrier.

Target Audience Radio and Capacity Planners

General Policy O2 UK’s GSM1800 and EGSM spectrum allocation shall be used primarily to
provide additional network capacity with improved quality. GSM1800 and EGSM
spectrum shall not normally be deployed to provide primary macrocell coverage.
The 5MHz of spectrum currently occupied by the EGSM band is due to be
progressively cleared of GSM use in preparation for utilisation as a UMTS900
carrier. This process (known as re-farming) will take place progressively on a
geographical basis with urban areas most likely to be re-farmed first.
In areas specifically designated for EGSM spectrum clearance no additional
EGSM carriers are to be planned or integrated.
In areas where spectrum has been cleared and UMTS 900 has been
implemented then no EGSM carriers may be operational either in the
UMTS900 area or in the designated buffer zone surrounding the UMTS900
In areas not designated for EGSM Spectrum clearance then full use of EGSM
is to be encouraged.
Outside of EGSM spectrum clearance areas GSM1800-only or EGSM-only
microcells may be deployed where the additional coverage provided by these
microcells, either primary or in-building, is minimal. Also, GSM1800 or EGSM
only in-building cells may be deployed to meet corporate requirements providing
suitable handset provision is made at the same time.
Penetration of GSM1800 and EGSM capable mobiles within the customer base
effectively 100%. However, the majority of carriers on any primary coverage
macrocell must still be from the PGSM band to ensure sufficient Grade of Service is
maintained for PGSM only mobiles, and to ensure sufficient traffic in the primary
coverage layer to utilise fully the capacity relief layers.

GSM 1800 Coverage: O2 UK’s GSM1800 deployment policy provides non-contiguous GSM1800
coverage. In areas where adjacent BTSs are upgraded to dual band operation,
GSM1800 coverage will typically remain non-contiguous due to the higher
propagation losses experienced at these frequencies, compared to PGSM. However,
within the M25, areas of contiguous coverage may exist.

EGSM Coverage: Outside of designated EGSM spectrum clearance areas O2 UK’s deployment policy
provides non-contiguous EGSM coverage. Even in areas where adjacent BTSs are
upgraded to multi band operation, EGSM coverage is not designed to be
contiguous. Although the coverage of the EGSM cell should match that of the
PGSM cell, interference criteria are not necessarily guaranteed to cell edge.

Network Architecture Camping on the capacity relief layers is deterred. This minimises call set-up
attempts to the capacity layers where congestion is high and hence the probability
of successful cell set-up is low. Mobiles are actively encouraged to reselect to the
PGSM layer from where all new call attempts are preferred and where congestion is
kept to a minimum. Camping on the capacity relief layer is deterred through C2

Issue 3 19 June 2009 In Confidence Page 1 of 3

The capacity layers do not. not GSM1800. there are limitations with some kit types as to the combinations of PGSM and EGSM carrier types that can be supported. then the EGSM layer. even when capacity relief is not required. This maximises the utilisation of each layer by ensuring any mobile capable of using the GSM1800 cell does so because coverage in this layer is the most limited. provided the RF equipment is Nokia Ultrasite whereas GSM1800 expansion will require an additional rack in most cases. cells in the capacity relief layers must not be cell-barred due to operational difficulties with a number of dual band mobiles. Where sites are equipped with all spectrum bands. EGSM spectrum deployment. Per-cell carrier configurations therefore become a combination of the optimum split for traffic management and the limitations of the installed kit type. since congestion will merely result in traffic being retained on the PGSM layer. EGSM capability should not be planned. outside of designated EGSM clearance areas. then allowing mobiles access to the EGSM layer where the coverage will match that of the PGSM cell. the desire to balance spectrum usage and the cost of change- outs to achieve the per-band transceiver capability must also be considered prior to a final decision. therefore. These are listed in table 1 below. Carrier Combinations The preferred carrier configurations for sites are given in Datasheet 0033 Network Dimensioning [1]. In dedicated mode. However. the capacity layers are accessed via the PGSM layer. traffic management is configured to prioritise the GSM1800 layer first. from where traffic is handed to the capacity cells if quality criteria are met. with a negative 20 dB offset. Issue 3 19 June 2009 In Confidence Page 2 of 3 . Existing Operational Site Enhancements: When an existing operational site needs expanding to achieve the agreed “End Game” capacity requirements. Within such areas no additional EGSM carriers are to be planned or integrated and the use of existing EGSM carriers should be planned to be replaced with Dual Rate additional PGSM carriers or GSM1800 hardware in accordance with local priorities. EGSM should not be selected if EGSM frequency reuse is already excessive in the area and GSM1800 usage is sparse. Any GSM1800 only mobiles that access O2 UK’s GSM network will suffer poor performance as the network is not designed for these mobiles. Nokia DE34 kit can support EGSM. However. is the preferred initial capacity enhancement option.O2 UK Radio Datasheet 0004 GSM1800 and EGSM Usage Policy parameters. Site Capability Requirement New Sites: All new macrocell sites where the GSM “End Game” capacity requirement shows that any sector will require in excess of 4 carriers should be acquired and built to provide PGSM and GSM1800 capability. Mobiles are handed back to the PGSM layer if quality becomes poor due to interference or lack of coverage. as it is generally significantly cheaper to install than GSM1800. but configuration is generally more complex than for Ultrasite kit The GSM hotspot process [6] should be regarded as the determining factor for any GSM/GPRS capacity hardware upgrade Sites of special importance may exceptionally be upgraded for quality reasons alone. However. need to be dimensioned for normal blocking levels. The introduction of EGSM spectrum can be easily achieved. NOTE: It is the responsibility of the Radio Planner to indicate on the site selection form when GSM1800 capability is required.

com.O2 UK Radio Datasheet 0004 GSM1800 and EGSM Usage Policy Kit type Carrier Hardware Limits Nokia DE34 P/EGSM carriers must be installed on a shelf basis up to 6 max per sector. Radio Engineering [6] GSM Hotspot Process [7] Datasheet 0072 Nokia Directed Nokia Ultrasite P/EGSM carriers can be deployed with no physical restriction between numbers in each band GSM1800 carriers must be installed on a shelf basis up to 4 max per sector. please contact the Radio Engineering helpdesk on 01753 565882 or e-mail radio. Issue 3 19 June 2009 In Confidence Page 3 of 3 . (4+0. Radio Engineering. Radio Engineering [5] Datasheet 0217 Nokia Dynamic SDCCH Assignment Feature. Radio Engineering [8] Datasheet 0037 Radio Resource Management Features. 4+2. That is. [4] Datasheet 0030 GSM Spectrum Radio Engineering. [3] Datasheet 0033 GSM Radio Network Dimensioning. Radio Engineering [9] Datasheet 0207 GPRS Radio Network Dimensioning. For any questions or issues. 2+4 or 2+2. Table 1 Carrier Hardware limitations Reference Documents: [1] Datasheet 0012 GSM Network Architecture. in combinations of 2 carrier steps of EGSM. Radio Engineering [2] Datasheet 0254 Nokia Dual Rate Guidelines. [10] Datasheet 0258 GSM Common Control Channel Dimensioning END OF DOCUMENT The author of this document is John Button & Dave Fraley.) GSM1800 carriers must be installed on a shelf basis up to 4 max per sector. Radio Engineering. 6+0.