Difficut word Meanings Source
1 Learning Learning how
Issues to solve
problem that
not clear and
has not valid
the truth

2 Learning Learning
Resources resources are
texts, videos,
software, and
materials that
teachers use
to assist
students to
meet the
for learning
defined by
provincial or
local curricula.
Before a
resource is
used in a
classroom, it
must be
evaluated and
approved at
either the
provincial or
local level.

3. relating to a particular academic discipline 5 SGD Is a small Twelve tips for effective group that small-group teaching in the health offer student professions an opportunity to ( Medical Teacher. 1996) discuss and refine their understanding of complex issues. to problem solve and apply their knowledge to new reviewed periodical which is published by scholarship.wikipedia.wikipedia. . No. Vol. 18. which are usually accessed alphabetically by article name 4 Journals Is a peer www.3 Encyclopedias Are divided into articles or entries.

What is the characteristic of quality informations? Source: BUSINESS DRIVEN TECHNOLOGY UNIT 2: Managing Information for Business Initiatives OPENING CASE Searching for Revenue . use the waysthat have beendescribed. For example.Google . textbooks. STEP 2 1.what isconsidered when looking forlearning resources inencyclopedias. and to reflect on their attitudes and feelings. andthe Internet 2. Afterknowwhattakes precedence. How does effective way in findly learning resources? Dependingwhichweprioritize.

or notebooks] Identify knowledge that is important to you. can be used in online learning resources and conventional written . a set of binders. It must be seamless in its application. Establish criteria to follow that will allow you to select information with discrimination. not feel cumbersome or onerous. Source : University of Victoria Counselling Services For digital learning Find the right tool or application to manage your digital content. as it stands -. Venn diagram. and remember. to get a picture of the information. list or linear sequence.3. and will help you make sense of. [If you were to set up a filing cabinet what would the labels be on the file folders within?] Establish a method to filter and select the data (Web sites. or whatever seems to work best. blogs. Work toward developing a rigorous and coherent organization of the information in your course. flowchart. Then see if you can fit this information into a standard format. What information do you want to collect? Decide what is of interest to you and divide your interests/projects into categories or topics. How to archieve the learning resources? The following procedures incorporate active learning strategies. such as a grid. but will not commit you to a rigid scheme.) using the tool you choose to manage your system. online journals etc. logical argument.this format will allow you to include all relevant information. Be selective. hierarchical "tree." standard outline. the key concepts and detailed information in your courses. Start with a concept map. [The tool in the 'old days' might have been a filing cabinet.

Learning resourcesareused(learning resources by utilization). What is the kind of learning resouces? In broad outline. learning resourcescan take the form: . there aretwotypes oflearning resources. Source: Intoduction 4. thelearning resourcesthat are specificallydesignedordevelopedas acomponent ofthe instructionalsystemtoprovidefacilities-directed learningandformal. thelearning resourcesthat are notdesignedspecificallyfor the purpose oflearningandits existencecan be found. appliedandutilizedforinstructionalpurposes Ofboth types oflearning resources. namely: Designedlearning resources(learning resources by design).

) • Accredited . power tools. VCD/DVD. etc. images. motorcycles.. generators. problem solving. careerfiguresetc. engines.screwdriverandso on. casual conversations. friends. (1) the message: information. game. temples. statues. gardens. radio. comics. camera. officesandso on. fairy tales. reliefs. auditorium. sagas. TV. (4) tools/equipment: hardware. graphicsdesignedforlearning. instructors. shops. whiteboard.computers.what should be the attention? Search journal that includes • Primary literature • Sources falid • Published periodically so up todate • More specific contents • Registered • Accredited • Using primary sources as reference • Contains new information • Writing can easily be reached through formal means (e-mail. experts. simulation. When we search LR from journal. students.leaders of institutions. teaching materials. cars.. community leaders. slides. Source: KonsepSumberBelajaroleh: AkhmadSudrajat 5. andso on(2) people: teachers. debates. and (6) the environment: classroom. discussions. (3) material: books. seminars. museums. folklore. markets. etc.gatherings. studio. transparencies. talkshawandthe like. library. films. (5) approaches/methods/techniques: disikusi. resource persons.

3. Source: www. Accessibility. Limit the database search. the writer uses specialized terminology related to the topic. scholarly journals or refereed articles. 2. Search a database.Users can proceed through a training program at their own pace and at their own place. you may want to search in PsycINFO. Identify the peer-reviewed journal article. The general databases are not limited to a single discipline. Some databases. for a social science topic. Select the database according to your topic. you may already have the topic. interdisciplinary database like Academic Search Elite. You can also look in a general academic. The article should have footnotes or bibliographies. They can also access the training .Kes Instructions 1.HadiSaroso.ehow. Select the topic you are researching. Go to a library. • Discuss only one topic • At the end of the journal usually present bibliography • Comply with the guidelines of writing Source:KuliahPakardr. such as Academic Search Premier and WilsonWeb. Also. and Suitability . 5.M. If you are researching a topic for a college course. Narrow your search options. A library — especially a college or university library — keeps scholarly journals on its stacks and in a computer 6. Read the article to ensure that it is not a news article. allow you to limit your search to peer-reviewed. For example. 4. What are the advantage and disadvatage of the internet? ADVANTAGES: (1) Extendibility.

you can deliver your training course to any machine over the Internet or company intranet without having to develop a different course for each unique platform. If you . (7) Reduced technical support . (5) Cross Platform . (6) Inexpensive worldwide distribution ." (2) Quicker (and cheaper) turnaround of finished product. (3) Collaborative and exploratory learning environments. MAC. “just in time and just enough.Chances are (and you’ll want to access this before embarking on WBT) your audience has access to a browser.No separate or distinct distribution mechanism is needed (i. Unix.The changes you make to any of your content are immediately available to your learning audience across the world. Basically. (8) Ease of content update . In other words. distributing CD-ROMs for CBT training). (4) Easy and affordable training delivery .Web-based training courses decrease some of the more “potent and deadly” technical support issues that often enshroud technologybasedtraining.e. receiving only as much as they need. (9) Installation options on private networks for security or greater bandwidth. at any time.WBT can be accessed by web browsing software on any platform: windows.. Validate what browser(s) your audience has and what version(s) and you can capitalize on the delivery vehicle. WBT can be accessed from any computer anywhere in the world while at the same time keeping delivery costs down. etc.

or any other means by which you want to assess usage.The Internet gives access to the largest library in the world. Capitalize on the offerings that have already been created.You can direct and monitor who receives web training - when. you have more control over plug-ins and bandwidth. date/time of access. (15) Billing options . number of accesses. and use them to enhance the learning you are distributing. such as IE4 or Netscape and are connected to a company's intranet.The untapped WBT market is still large. giving you more options for inclusion in your WBT. DISADVANTAGES: . If you’re looking for commercial markets. (12) WBT-based development is easier to learn and pick up then CBT- based development. (16) Direct access to many other training resources . untapped market for training . billing by user ID. (13) Vast. (11) Web browsers and Internet connections are widely available - Most computer users have access to a browser. how many times. opt for intranet delivery. (14) Access is controllable . and/or have access to the Internet. the Internet also offers a huge audience hungry for material via the Net.You can bill— and collect on that bill— through Net distribution. and in what sequence. (10) Travel cost and time savings .Learning is delivered directly to the learner instead of the other way around. You should be able to draw from a larger pool of WBT developers than is available for creating traditional CBT.

Net delivery will only frustrate your learners. very aware of download times— and we still recommend looking at delivery options considering a 28. most mobile endusersare still running on a 28. (2) Bandwidth/browser limitations may restrict instructional methodologies - Again.” or particular formatting. audio. (5) Time required for downloading applications . video.8 kpbs modem if you are delivering training to an external audience or over the Internet. or intense graphics.The Net doesn’t magically solve all of your resource issues. control usage. and large graphics. it doesn’t matter. (3) Limited bandwidth means slower performance for sound.The WBT you create will not resemble the CBT you might be familiar with because of Net bandwidth constraints. be very.Again. you are constrained by the technology. the Net might not be the best delivery medium.8 kpbs connection. Plan on having someone oversee some of these issues. So if your content relies on a lot of media “bells and whistles. and your audience isn’t on a T1 line. but if your audience isn’t patient enough to wait for it to download. Know the bandwidth available to your audience— and what’s reasonable “wait” time for them— before you commit to the Net. and bill users (if applicable) . On average. (4) Someone must provide web server access. Your training might be great.The Internet provides a wonderful .(1) Limited formatting of content in current browsers . (6) Student assessment and feedback is limited . If your content relies on a lot of video.

means to get all kinds of information back and forth to your audience. (7) Many. The great thing. you have no additional costs. and money in order to take full advantage of its capabilities. experience. (10) Newness . Validate what works well. new technologies always require time. It’s important that you consider doing a pilot before proceeding further into the WBT game. if not most. page-turning training. (9) Are computers replacing human contact? . when. however. is you’ll learn new skills and knowledge with each new course.The Net is not right for all training. with little if any interactivity . Because of its recent emergence to the training arena. (11) Web-based training has high-fixed costs .Some people assume that since you don’t need a CD-ROM drive. but it also makes it harder to assess some types of student feedback and information.It may take longer designing and developing WBT courses. but if we deliver poor. Not so. and at what it cost. Source: ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF ONLINE LEARNING By Gary James . (8) Cannot design and develop robust multimedia courses . of today's web-based training programs are too static.The bandwidth limitations of the Net constrain what can be delivered effectively. we can’t expect stellar results from our learners. the first time around.This is probably due to the bandwidth limitation.

Authorship: This is THE most important part of web evaluation! You must be able to find out who (either a person or an organization) is responsible for the information on the site. Decide whether the author is qualified to write about the subject of the site. truncate back the URL by deleting the end characters of the URL. • If you cannot find links of this sort. You can do a link search in Google or Yahoo by typing in link: followed by the . 3. Not sure if the author is qualified? Your next step is to see if the information presented has been carefully documented or “cited. It helps to enclose the author’s name in quotes to find an exact match. you need to evaluate this web source as well! Be sure you are getting information about the author from a reputable source. Press enter to see if this brings you to a page with information about the author. stopping before each /.what should be the attention? 1. • Learn what types of websites link to the site you’ve found. But. look for the credentials of that person or organization. Check that the sources are valid. When we search LR from internet. Are they from reputable reference books? Scholarly journals? Websites of experts on the topic? 4. Still not sure about author credentials? • Try googling the author to see what you can find out about the person or organization.7. Continue the process on slash at a time until you reach the first single / which is usually the home page of the site.” This means the author has given the source(s) for information presented on the website. Try the following techniques: • Look around the perimeter of the webpage and see if you can find links that say “About Us” or “Philosophy” or “Background” or Who We are” etc. 2. Credentials: Once you’ve figured out who authored the site (either an individual or an organization).

org = organization. Check the site’s mission statement for potential bias. Remember. Read some “content pages” – those that give information about the topic of the site.URL of the site you’re investigating (no space between the : and the start of the URL).edu = school or university site (Was it created by a K–12 class? By a college student? By a university department? By a scholar?) • . 7. often nonprofit (Some . Does the information seem accurate based on what you already know about the topic? Does it seem biased? Opinionated? Factual? If you do not know anything about the topic. Examine the URL: You can use the end of a domain name to help you judge the validity of the information and the potential bias of the website. reputable source such as an encyclopedia or other reference book. 5. Check the last update: usually noted on the bottom of the home page but not always – you may have to hunt for it! Note: Some reputable websites do not include a date which can be = U. this strategy is only a guideline. People can easily purchase domains that do not reflect their actual purpose: • . This will show you all the sites that link to the site you’re = international institution .store = retail business • .orgs are biased) • = commercial sites (vary in their credibility – avoid for school research) • . 6. Ask yourself if these sites are reputable. check the information on the site against information from an established. government site • .

The writer avoids using specialized terminology and is not an expert on the topics he is writing about. you will not find them on the newspaper or . accept articles submitted by experts and reviewed by experts on the topic. Internet administrative site • .name = individual Internet user • . acceptable author credentials and a way to contact the author • a clear statement of purpose or mission • accurate information (as measured by the citations for information on the site OR by what you already know about the topic OR by comparing it to information from an authoritative source) • up-to-date information = U. Putting it all together: If the website you found provides: • author name.S. military site • .biz = a business • . For example. They are not endorsed by the institution on whose server they • . also called refereed journals.) 8. ask the librarian or your teacher or an outside expert on your topic. usually higher education (like . many college students have personal websites posted on their college’s = networked service provider. When you search for peer-reviewed articles. and encyclopedia? Popular = educational institution. are written for a general audience. Scholarly journals. • .museum = museum • . you have probably found a good website for school research! If you are in any doubt about the validity of information you find on the web. What is the difference between = professional’s site • ~ = personal site (Be a little suspicious of personal sites. Source: Evaluating Websites: Criteria and Techniques 8. published in magazines and newspapers.newspaper.

Keep the number of items in a category small -. even though it may appear that you will have more to learn since you will have to learn the names of the categories as well as the items in each category. Dirr 9. An encyclopedia is typically found in printed form or as an online database. Source: www.try for less than six (if you have more.What is the goals of archiving? Another advantage of organizing information is that organized information is much easier to remember than unorganized information. When individual items can be "chunked" into meaningful named groups. make up new sub-categories). National Public Radio 11. Michael A.ehow. An encyclopedia is a work of reference. . particularly if you organize it yourself. Encyclopedias are distinguished from other books and websites by a number of defining characteristics. and turning it into knowledge that is of interest to ourself Source: Information Overload is not Unique to the Digital Age. containing a number of articles that deal with a specific topic or else a range of subjects.comdanThe Flower Expert: Content: Dr. You must conduct research to find peer-reviewed journal articles. magazine stand at your favorite grocery store.Tony Cox.What the meaning of archieving ? Archiving is managing ‘information’ cite and read when needed . learning is facilitated. which have drawn people to consult them in their various forms for reference. How do we know when we must use online information and conventional written informations? - 10.

When we search LR from textbook.E. AG. Source : University of Victoria Counselling Services 12. Kamil DIPL. R.L . T.F. Dra.what should be the attention? Source: BukuTEKNIK MEMBACA TEXTBOOK DAN PENERJEMAHAN.