UK

Radio Datasheet 0300 Radio Design Guidelines For Special
Events
This datasheet is compiled and owned by Radio Engineering. Date of last update : 24 November 2010.

SUMMARY: For the purposes of this document special events can be considered to be any
activity which is of a temporary nature and likely to draw large numbers of
people into a limited geographical area and thus generate high levels of peaky
GSM and UMTS voice and data traffic.
This datasheet provides 2G and 3G radio design guidelines based on
experience of such events to date. It is not exhaustive and will need to be
updated as new issues and solutions are identified.
It should be noted that management of such events will always be a challenge
as there can rarely be sufficient radio resource deployed to cope with the
traffic peaks generated and therefore any solution is likely to involve a
compromise between performance and capacity
The following guidelines are structured in order of increasing difficulty of
deployment and currently refer only to the NSN RAN.
Target Audience Cell planners, Regional radio planners and optimisers

Enhancing capability of 2G
existing Sites using
For GSM the most significant issue is likely to be Common channel congestion affecting
parameters
call setup and paging failures under high traffic load. This may not be reflected in network
performance stats. Radio Engineering Bulletin 042 (ref [1]) addresses this.
Two key features to support high traffic load are:
Extended Common Control Channel (ECCCH) which doubles the CCH
signalling capacity
Dual Rate applied sufficient to match expected traffic to the available carriers
3G
For the UTRAN a number of parameter changes are available to improve the radio
resource capability of the Node B to manage traffic peaks. However these changes are
sub-optimal in terms of performance and are therefore for temporary use only. These are
defined in Radio Engineering Bulletin 083 (ref [2])
It is recommended that maximum Baseband resource is implemented within the
constraints of the existing hardware where significant traffic peaks are anticipated.
For Flexi sites the Channel Element (CE) licence can be increased to the maximum
permitted by each System Module.
For RU10/RU20 these are:
FSMB – 240 CEs available (but 26 must be reserved for signalling)
FSMD – 396 CEs available for Traffic
FSME – 612 CEs available for Traffic
This is usually implemented by the NSN support team. The required licences will be
downloaded from the RNC pool to the target BTS – subject to appropriate commercial
cover

Issue 1 24 November 2010 In Confidence Page 1 of 5

If the extra transmission (3xE1) is not available to support this then. the site can operate with just 3E1s on the basis that voice services can be protected at the expense of likely PS congestion on the Iub. in EGSM cleared areas . 6 sector upgrade Temp / Mobicell Dimensioning Deployment As a rule of thumb assume a 6 carrier (typically 4P and 2D) sector is required as considerations – 2G a minimum for every 20K people (not just O2 customers) attending.if interference can be controlled.O2 UK Radio Datasheet 0300 Radio Design Guidelines For Special Events Enhancing capability of 2G existing Sites using Upgrading of existing GSM sites will normally be limited to installation of additional hardware upgrades carriers remembering that the use of UMTS900 carriers to support the event will prevent the use of EGSM. Consideration may be given to providing EDGE capability if significant GPRS traffic is anticipated and backhaul bandwidth (typically 3 x E1s) is available Preferred Locations and coverage levels Need to get reasonable sector dominance but not as critical as 3G. Note that EGSM capability is unlikely to be available. Should aim for >-75dBm on street with >15dB C/I unloaded Antennas see Ref [6] Issue 1 24 November 2010 In Confidence Page 2 of 5 . Where the existing sites is already at HSDPA7.6 then it is recommended that this be upgraded to HSDPA7. 3G If the existing 3G site is at HSDPA3. on a short term basis only.2 heavy then the potential upgrade options (in order of ease of implementation) are: Baseband congestion is expected: o For Flexi:  Upgrade System Module to FSME  Add a second System Module o For Ultrasite:add additional WSPC cards U900 carrier upgrade. using existing GSM antennas.2 configuration for the benefits of second carrier working.

so in practice sites will be central (6 sector) or peripheral (3 sector. High Gain ants.6 irrespective of the HW installed! For this reason deployment of HSPA+ at special events is not recommended Antennas see Ref [6] Transport Requirements In general the standard transport configuration of 6 x E1 should be utilised for most configs Issue 1 24 November 2010 In Confidence Page 3 of 5 . This will provide the most efficient service delivery.then six sector operation should be preferred. where it is possible to place site(s) in the centre of the target population . Microocell guidelines are at Ref [4] Note that SE parameters deliberately limit the maximum number of HSDPA codes to 5 effectively limiting peak rates to HSDPAP3. The use of U900 carriers should be considered in preference to six sector working due to the propagation benefits and the difficulty of orientating multiple U2100 sectors in one general direction. Where the sites have to be placed around the periphery of the event then the standard HSDPA 7. (Note that the site configuration file must reflect this). This is not always possible .the use of the U900 carrier. U900 deployment guidelines are at Ref [5] Consideration should also be given to the provision of the U900 carrier(s) in EGSM cleared areas. preferably seeking to Machieve better than one (2x U2100) sector for every 5K attending o ? Preferred Locations and coverage levels For 3G it is essential to get as close as possible to the traffic being served.O2 UK Radio Datasheet 0300 Radio Design Guidelines For Special Events Temp / Mobicell Dimensioning Deployment As a rule of thumb assume a 2 carrier (U2100) sector is required as a minimum considerations – 3G for every 10K people (not just O2 customers) attending. MHAs and HPAs) to the event. As Mobicell mast loading is a major issue and path loss is unlikely to be significant then MHAs may be dispensed with.2 Heavy configuration should be utilised. utilising the GSM antennas may be considered. Ref [3] provides detailed guidance on U2100 macrocell BTS configurations. Should aim for >-75dBm on street with >-9dB Ec/Io BTS configs In general. if interference can be controlled. Use of High Power Amplifiers for distant sites is currently being considered. Special consideration for antenna type and placement is covered below. coupled with close proximity to the target population can be achieved. Alternatively or additionally in EGSM cleared areas . Consideration may also be given to provision of microcells if the twin requirements of lack of macrocell dominance.

These are channels 1. are limited to a maximum transmitted power of 30dBm (1W) ERP and therefore must be located close to their target audience to be effective. is that the entire BSC / RNC is impacted and that PrOptima logging (which is hourly only) will be interrupted for the entire BSC / RNC for the period that 15 minute logging in activated A preferred approach for UTRAN monitoring is to use Traffica which reports Issue 1 24 November 2010 In Confidence Page 4 of 5 . in accordance with the 802. Where traffic profiles are likely to change rapidly hour by hour then it is possible to instigate 15 minute reporting instead to provide additional granularity. however. A maximum throughput of 10Mbps can be assumed per AP and it is recommended that these are provided on the basis of one for every 2K people (not just O2 customers) attending. An examples of such repeat events might be sites surrounding football stadia where matches are played weekly throughout the football season. see below. The downside of this. These include. For obvious reasons such repeat events should be minimised and a register maintained to avoid fruitless investigations into the resulting poor performance issues Performance Monitoring Close supervision of a number of network performance counters is recommended for the and Response to Severe sites involved. ps) Service Accessibility(cs. in order of priority: Congestion Service availability(cs. 6 and 11 and therefore adjacent APs should be planned with alternating channels to minimise interference which will degrade maximum throughput. Backout of Special Event Unless the event is defined as repeating. then special event: parameters and parameters should be backed out within 48 hours upgrades and hardware upgrades restored within 7 days of the end of the event in order to avoid ongoing performance degradation and non standard BTS configurations which cannot be supported. Repeat Events A repeat event is a defined special event for which it is determined in advance that the frequency and difficulty of upgrade is significant enough to warrant maintaining special event configurations on an ongoing basis accepting the continuing performance degradation (ie MPD) that will result. Note that there are effectively only 3 channels available in the most common 2.O2 UK Radio Datasheet 0300 Radio Design Guidelines For Special Events WiFi At the time of writing the O2 WiFi strategy is still being defined. ps) Average speed(ps) Peak speed(ps) Latency(ps) Depending on the event timescales the normal 60 minute reporting via PrOptima may be sufficient.4GHz band. However the provision of Wifi for cellular data offload should be encouraged where this is economically and practically possible. WiFi Access Points (AP).11b/g/n standard.ps) Service Retainability(cs.

Issue 1 24 November 2010 In Confidence Page 5 of 5 . For any questions or issues. If 3G voice call setup success rate (CSSR) drops below 90% or voice call completion success rate (CCSR) drops below 80% for extended periods then consideration should be given to selective cell barring in order to force traffic to the more resilient neighbouring 2G cell. If 3G voice performance remains stable then poor data performance is less of a concern as the customer impact is likely to be less noticeable. Radio Engineering.engineering.com. This decision needs to be taken on a case by case basis according to a pre determined action plan. if not all. please contact the Radio Engineering helpdesk on 01753 565882 or e-mail radio. O2 UK Radio Datasheet 0300 Radio Design Guidelines For Special Events performance and alarm status on the basis of 1 minute intervals for the RNCs to which it is connected.uk@O2. With 2G as the fallback for 3G traffic there is no similar requirement to remove congested GSM cells from service Note that locking down a 3G cell is non preferred as traffic will be forced onto neighbouring 3G cells which themselves are likely to be congested thus causing a congestion ripple effect outwards from the centre of the event. Note that the 3G radio resource pre-emption features deliberately seeks to reduce data resources in order to preserve the more critical voice service under congestion conditions. At the time of writing it is anticipated that Traffica and the associated monitoring processes will be widely rolled out to cover most RNCs. [1] REB 042 Reducing GSM Cell Access Blocking at Major Events Reference Documents: [2] REB 083 Parameter Optimisation for 3G Hotspots [3] Radio Datasheet 1320 3G BTS Configurations [4] Radio Datasheet 1101 3G Microcell Deployment Guidelines [5] Radio Datasheet 1103 UMTS900 Deployment Guidelines [6] Radio Datasheet 7512 RF System configurations for Special Events END OF DOCUMENT The author of this document is dfraley.

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