PRESENT TENSE

Simple present shows an action that happens again and again (repeated ac- tion) in
the present time, but not necessarily at the time of speaking.

To talk about something that happens all the time or repeatedly or something that is
true in general:
• I do interventional radiology.
• Nurses take care of patients.
• Cigarettes cause lung cancer.
Hair grows at a rate about 1,25 cm a month.

To say how often we do things:
• I begin to operate at 8.30 every morning.
• Dr. Ky does cranioplasty two evenings a week.
• How often do you go to the neurologist? Once a month.

For a permanent situation (a situation that stays the same for a long time):
• I work as an endocrinologist in the diabetes program of our hospital. I have been
working there for ten years.

Some verbs are used only in simple tenses. These verbs are verbs of thinking or
mental activity, feeling, possession and perception, and reporting verbs. We often use
can instead of the present tense with verbs of perception:
• I now understand why the patient is in such a bad condition.
• I can see the solution to your problem now.

The simple present is often used with adverbs of frequency such as always, often,
sometimes, rarely, never, every week, and twice a year:
• The chairman is always working.
• I always go to work at 6.30 am.

Simple present with a future meaning. We use it to talk about
timetables, schedules ...:
• What time does Ross’ operation conference start? It starts to- morrow at 9.30.