 Uticaj razvoda roditelja na kasnije partnerske odnose dece

1.

Ranije se verovalo da razvod roditelja ima samo krakoročne efekte, ali novija
istraživanja su pokazala da razvod može imati dugotrajne psihološke efekte po dete,
koje traju sve do odraslog doba (Amato, 2010; Amato & Booth, 1991; Wallerstein,
2005, prema Haaz, Kneavel & Browning, 2014). Jedna od posledica razvoda roditelja
na decu jeste i tendencija da se da deca, kasnije u odraslom dobu, češće razvode od
dece, čiji roditelji ostaju u braku. Pokazano je da ovaj fenomen, označen kao
međugeneracijska transmisija razvoda (Amato, 2010; Pope & Mueller, 1976 ,
prema Haaz, Kneavel & Browning, 2014), posebno utiče na ženske brakove (Amato,
1996; Glenn & Kramer, 1987, prema Haaz, Kneavel & Browning, 2014).

Schaick and Stolberg (2001) found that high levels of paternal involvement, regardless of
parental marital status, were predictive of high levels of intimacy, commitment, and trust in
young adults’ intimate relationships, whereas low levels of paternal involvement were
predictive of high levels of insecure (i.e., avoidant and anxious) attachment styles in their
intimate relationships. Daughters who have none or minimal contact with their fathers have
been found to engage in sexual activity at an early age and are more likely to become pregnant
as teenagers (Ellis et al., 2003; Nielson, 2011). Early on, Hetherington (1972) investigated the
effects of father absence due to divorce or death on adolescent girls. She found that daughters
who had minimal contact with their fathers due to parental divorce had problems interacting
with boys appropriately. These girls demonstrated more proximity seeking and reported earlier

and more dating and sexual intercourse. . less spousal interaction. Amato and Booth (1991) used data from the Study of Marital Instability Over the Life Course. which included participants who were married and under 55 years of age. and marginally more spousal disagreements (p < . fathers are an important influence in their daughters’ marriages. it could be that daughters of divorcees find it essential to their happiness to secure a man. At the same time. greater marital instability. because they do not want to end up unhappy like their mothers. Respondents whose parents were divorced were classified into either the “father less” group if they reported feeling more distant from their fathers after the divorce or the “father same” group if they reported feeling as close or closer postdivorce. As Hetherington suggested. They found that respondents who experienced a decline in the quality of father–child relations after divorce had less marital happiness. Amato and Booth compared those from divorced and intact families and investigated changes in parent–child relations after divorce on several measures of well-being. compared to participants who described their relationship with their father as the same or better postdivorce.09). Moreover. their lack of experience in interacting with a loving father and negative memories of their fathers might make them apprehensive and inept at pursuing this goal.