BE PASADO: FRASES

USO:
Conectar el sujeto con el resto de la oración y hablar acerca del pasado

AFIRMATIVO

FORMA:
[SUJETO + WAS/WERE + RESTO]

I/She/He/It was in the kitchen.
You/We/They were late.

NEGATIVO

FORMA:
[SUJETO + WAS/WERE + NOT + RESTO]

WASN'T/WEREN'T
I/She/He/It was not angry.
I/She/He/It wasn't here.

You/We/They were not early.
You/We/They weren't on time.

EJEMPLOS:
"Diana was at home yesterday."
"She wasn't at school."
"They were late to work."
"They weren't early."

BE PAST: PREGUNTAS
PREGUNTAS SI/NO

USO:
Realizar preguntas cuya respuesta es "sí" o "no".
FORMA:
El sujeto y el verbo cambian de lugar.

Afirmativa: They were at home.
Pregunta Si/No: Were they at home?
Negativa: He wasn't at school.
Pregunta Si/No: Wasn't he at school?(Se utilizan siempre con contracciones.)

WHO. I was alone.Wh Where was he? Afirmativa: He was there in 1990. WHEN. RECUERDA: Los sustantivos incontables toman solo la forma singular del verbo! some (enunciado): "There is some water in your glass." any (preguntas y sentencias negative): "Is there any money in the handbag?" "There isn't any time left." much .Respuestas: Yes. Pregunta ." a lot of "There is a lot of butter on your bread. HOW." Police: "Was Big Bob with you?" Man: "No. No. WHY. I was. I wasn't." SUSTANTIVOS y QUANTIFICADORES: SUSTANTIVOS INCONTABLES y CUANTIFICADORES USO: Los cuantificadores son palabras o frases que indican el número o la cantidad de un objeto. WHERE. Algunos cuantificadores se emplean tanto con sustantivos como con incontables. he wasn't. Otros solo se utilizan con sustantivos contables o incontables pero no con ambos. Pregunta . pREGUNTA -Wh: Who was at home? Preguntas acerca del RESTO DE LA ORACIÓN: [WH-WORD + BE PAST + SUBJECT + REST OF SENTENCE] Afirmativa: He was in Philadelphia. PREGUNTAS-WH USO: Realizar preguntas que comienzan con estas expresiones interrogativas: WHAT. FORMA: Preguntas acerca del SUJETO: [PALABRA-WH + BE PAST + RESTO DE LA SENTENCIA] Afirmativa: Juan was at home.Wh: When was he there? EJEMPLOS: Police: "Where were you last nightat 9:30?" Man: "I was at home all night.

" SUSTANTIVOS INCONTABLES y CUANTIFICADORES USO: Los cuantificadores son palabras o frases que indican el número o la cantidad de un objeto." any (preguntas y sentencias negative): "Is there any money in the handbag?" "There isn't any time left. "I haven't got much money." . Some other quantifiers are used only with either non-count nouns or count nouns." NOUNS AND QUANTIFIERS: COUNT NOUNS and QUANTIFIERS USE: Quantifiers are words or phrases which show the number or amount of an object." "How much milk do you want?" a little "I only want a little juice." much "I haven't got much money." any (questions and negative sentences): "Are there any girls in your class?" "There aren't any onions in the salad. some (statements): "There are some books on the shelf. Some quantifiers are used with both count and non-count nouns." "How much milk do you want?" a little "I only want a little juice. Otros solo se utilizan con sustantivos contables o incontables pero no con ambos. but not with both. RECUERDA: Los sustantivos incontables toman solo la forma singular del verbo! some (enunciado): "There is some water in your glass. Algunos cuantificadores se emplean tanto con sustantivos como con incontables." a lot of "There is a lot of butter on your bread.

He/She/It has brown eyes. [SUJETO + VERBO(s) + RESTO DE LA ORACIÓN I/You/We/They work in a bank." NEGATIVA FORMA: [SUJETO+ DO NOT/DON'T+ VERBO+ RESTO DE LA ORACIÓN] DOES NOT/DOESN'T) I/You/We/They don't drive in the city. Often. etc. .try/tries." "How many chairs are in that classroom?" a few "He has a few books. sh. o añaden la terminación es a la tercera persona del singular. Never. ORTOGRAFIA Los verbos que acaban en ss. Usually.kisses." "My brother goes to the health club twice a week. Is that OK?" PRESENTE SIMPLE: ENUNCIADOS USO: Hablar de acciones. Every day/week.a lot of "There are a lot of red apples. copy/copies NOTA: el presente simple se utiliza también con adverbios y frases adverbiales: Always. there aren't any. estados o hechos que suceden en cualquier momento. On Sundays." many "I haven't got many friends. watches Para verbos que terminan en la consonante + y. EJEMPLOS: "I often go to basketball games. x. ch. Twice a month. but I have some big nails. de forma repetida o continuamente." "I always have coffee for breakfast." EXAMPLE: "Are there any small nails down there. Harry?" "Sorry.cambian la y por la terminación - ies:carry/carries. goes. year. AFIRMATIVA FORMA: La tercera persona del singular añaden una -s final.Sometimes.matches." "He never watches TV.

WHERE. He/She/It doesn't have brown eyes. I/you/we/they don't. he doesn't. FORM: Put DO or DOES in front of the subject. SUBJECT + DO/DOES] Yes. Yes. SUBJECT + DON'T/DOESN'T] No." "Does he work on Saturdays?" "No." PRESENTE SIMPLE: Preguntas Wh USO: Realizar preguntas acerca de acciones en tiempo general que comienzan con los siguientes interrogativos: WHAT. EXAMPLES: "Do you work on Saturdays?" "Yes. WHEN. WHO. HOW. EJEMPLO: "Bill calls Mary. FORM: [YES. No.." PRESENT SIMPLE: YES/NO QUESTIONS QUESTIONS USE: To ask questions about actions in general time that need an answer of "yes" or "no". [NO. YES/NO QUESTION: Does she like milk? ANSWERS USE: To answer a yes/no question. I/you/we/they do. FORMA: Preguntas acerca del SUJETO: [WHO-WHAT + VERBO + RESTO] Who lives here? Preguntas acerca del RESTO DE LA ORACION: . [DO/DOES + SUBJECT + VERB + REST] Does he/she/it like milk? Do I know him? AFFIRMATIVE: She likes milk. he/she/it does. WHY. I do. but he doesn't call me. he/she/it doesn't.

" "What does Jack want to do?" "Go to the movies. "Where do they work?" "At the bank. VERBO..[WH-WORD + DO/DOES." ....] When do you go home? Where does he live? EJEMPLOS: "Who lives in that house?" "The Porters.