Chapter 5

:
Role of Technology and Language Acquisition

Objectives:
After this lecture, learners will be able to
1. Differentiate between language learning before technology and after technology
2. Major concepts in language learning and changes due to emergence of technology

Using technology for language learning is not itself a method of language language. You can
use any method of language learning from Grammar Translation Method, Audio Lingual
Method to Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) in Computer Assisted Language Learning
(CALL).

Now we will describe different technological devices and Language Teaching Method they use:

The Language Laboratory

Definition:

Language laboratory is a ​room in a ​school or ​college in which ​students can use ​equipment to
help them ​practise ​listening to and ​speaking a ​foreign ​language​. A picture of Language
laboratory is given below:

Language laboratory is a room designed for learning foreign languages, having audio
equipment that allows students to listen and respond to recorded lessons and spoken examples
while an instructor monitors their progress.

The concept of language laboratory was originated in 1960s when audio lingual method was
dominant method of language teaching. It used language laboratory to model, practice and
reinforce language input. It offered students drilling pronunciation and pattern.

When audio lingual method was declined and was replaced with communicative language
teaching, significance of language lab was also reduced.

Definitions of CALL:

text. audio. . What is Multimedia? Multimedia is an integration of animation. Computer was principally used to conduct drill of pronunciation and pattern to practice them with accuracy. Its definition includes other technological development along with time for example internet. This method views language is a means of communication and computer should be used to practice communicative exercise based on language use and fluency of language. Behaviouristic CALL CALL has been changing along with development in language teaching methods. It started when behaviorism method of teaching language was declined in 1970s -1980s and a new method in e. CALL at that time followed all language teaching philosophy in computer application. What is Hypermedia ? Hypemedia means linked media.Computer Assisted Language Learning (CALL) refers to the study of applications of the computer in language teaching and learning. and texts through the use of hyperlink. When computers were applied in language teaching first time between 1950 to 1960-1970. It engages students in the use of multimedia to construct and convey knowledge. videos. behaviorism was the dominant method of language teaching. entertainment. audios. or training. It offers control of the learning environment to the learner and enhances collaborative learning for learners with varying capabilities. Communicative CALL Another phase of CALL is Communicative CALL. and full-motion video through computer hardware and software for education.g Communicative came at its place. It integrates graphics. graphics. Therefore.

TESOL Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages refers to teaching and learning of English in those places or to those learners whose first language is not English. . more opportunities to practice listening. TELL is very supportive of Computer Mediated Communication (CMC). access to authentic learning and instantaneous interaction and exchange of information. Emergence of technology has changed traditional classroom teaching in TESOL.Enhanced Language Learning (TELL) Technology-enhanced language learning (TELL) deals with the impact of technology on teaching and learning a second language also called the L2. It is a term used in American English to include both TEFL and TESL. The role of technology in TESOL is great. This communication is possible when there is internet available and it is connected with all communication devices and softwares. global interaction with native and non-native speakers.Technology . It has provided more linguistic diversity. What's important to note is that TELL is not a teaching method but rather an approach that can be used alongside a teaching method to help teach. CMC has been researched and supported as being very useful to helping students speak and write in a foreign language which is important to teaching process using TELL. Computer Media Communication Computer Media Communication refers to free and natural interaction among teaching and learning community. Technology-enhanced language learning refers to the use of the computer as a technological innovation to display multimedia as a means of complementing teaching method langauge teachers.

The elements require little to no coding and allow 2-way communication. services. It's almost as easy as sending an email.0 is a series of best practice oriented to assist people to create dynamic websites. direct method. Technological Platform A platform is a group of technologies that are used as a base upon which other applications. a platform is the basic hardware (computer) and software (operating system) on which software applications can be run. and audiolingual method as well as cognitivism and teaching methods associated with it such as CLT are turning into new digital approach and taking new principles from constructivism. Network-based Communication Web 1. social and web tools using the web as a platform Blogs for Language Learning A blog (short for weblog) is a frequently updated website that often resembles an online journal. Web 2. Technology has changed the role of behaviouristic and communicative CALL and opened wider options of Technology-Enhanced learning. CD-ROM or Hypermedia Applications 3. Web 1. which allow them to easily connect with various communication. In personal computing. and surfing from one website to another. blogs can also display photos and some people are using them with audio and even video. It is one of the easiest ways to publish student writing on the WWW. processes or technologies are developed.0 to the social web. Early web was based on a one-way system. the use of search engines.0 represents the shift from the read only web 1.0 was coined during the early development of the web between 1989 and the late 1990s. where information was posted for the viewer to see yet the viewer could not reply to the information. Behaviourism and teaching methods associated with it such as grammar translation method. Web 2. Nowadays. Following are kinds of platforms 1.0 Web 2. Types of blogs used in language teaching The Tutor Blog .Technology has also changed previous theories of second language learning and second language teaching methods.0 Web 1.0 consisted of static websites. Web 2.

Students can be encouraged to write frequently about what interests them. assignments. iPhone and iPad. in writing. create. In MALL. Mobile Assisted Language Learning (MALLl) Mobile Assisted Language Learning (MALLl) is an approach to language learning that is assisted or enhanced through the use of handled mobile devices or mobile technologies such as mobile phones (cell phones). The Learner Blog The Learner Blog is the third type of blog and it requires more time and effort from the teacher to both set up and moderate. build. places or objects. It provide an opportunity to learn English by interacting with different characters in the virtual world. MP3 and MP4 players. Students are given a greater sense of freedom and involvement than with the tutor blog. but is probably the most rewarding. socialize. The Class Blog The Class Blog is a shared space. shop and trade virtual property and services with one another. called avatars and are able to interact with other avatars. It involves giving each student an individual blog. based in San Francisco. It is a platform that principally features 3D-based user-generated content.The Tutor Blog is run by the teacher of a class. In this type of blog. developed by Linden Lab. with teacher and students being able to write to the main area. students are normally restricted to being able to write comments to the teacher's posts. homework. etc. Second Life users create virtual representations of themselves. students are able to access language learning materials and to communicate with their teachers and classmates at anytime and anywhere. an extra-curricular extension of the classroom. The benefit of this is that this becomes the student's own personal online space. on themes touched upon in class. PDAs. and can post comments on other students' blogs. . participate in individual and group activities. course information. It is best used as a collaborative discussion space. Second Life Second Life is an online virtual world. They can explore the world (known as the grid). The content of this type of blog can be limited to syllabus. meet other residents. Students can be encouraged to reflect in more depth.

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