SAINS

QUESTION 11 (CONCEPT)
EXAMPLE :
Rajah di bawah menunjukkan beberapa ciri yang dibentuk oleh sebuah alat optik.
The figure below shows several characteristics formed by an optical apparatus.

Kaji ciri – ciri imej yang dibentuk. Bina konsep berdasarkan maklumat dalam rajah di atas.
Study the characteristics of the image formed. Build concept based on the information in the figure
above.
SAMPLE OF THE ANSWER:
Maklumat (Information) :
Ciri – ciri imej yang dibentuk oleh cermin adalah terbalik songsang, maya dan menegak.
Characteristics of image formed by a mirror are laterally inverted, virtual and upright.
Dua ciri (Two characteristics)
a) Sinar terhasil daripada objek dipantulkan semula
The incident rays from the object reflected back
b) sudut sinar yang terhasil sama seperti sudut pantulan
The angle of incidence, i is same as the angle of reflection, r.
Konsep awal (Initial concept)
Sinar terhasil daripada objek dipantulkan semula dan sudut sinar yang terhasil sama seperti sudut
pantulan adalah ciri – ciri yang terbentuk oleh cermin.

The incident rays from the object reflected back and the angle of incidence, i is same as the angle of
reflection, r are characteristics of image formed by a mirror.

Contoh (Example)
Saiz imej sama seperti objek.
The size of the image is the same as the object

Bukan contoh (Non-example)
Nyata
Real
Konsep sebenar (Actual concept)
Ciri – ciri yang terbentuk oleh cermin adalah sinar terhasil daripada objek dipantulkan semula dan
sudut sinar yang terhasil sama seperti sudut pantulan.
Characteristics of image formed by a mirror are the incident rays from the object reflected back and
the angle of incidence, i is same as the angle of reflection, r

Convert the poultry waste into compost fertilizer. The surface of the pond is covered with a layer of green substance and the fish has died. Use biological pest control methods instead of pesticides. The figure above shows Mr. 3 cara (methods) 1)Tukar bahan buangan daripada ayam kepada baja kompos. Johnny's farm. SAMPLE OF THE ANSWER: Mengenalpasti masalah (Identify the problem) Permukaan kolam ditutupi dengan satu lapisan bahan hijau dan ikan telah mati. Use compost fertilizer instead of chemical fertilizer because not pollute the environment. 3)Guna kaedah kawalan perosak semulajadi berbanding pestisid. Use compost fertilizer instead of chemical fertilizer. Dia menanam sayur – sayuran. . rear fresh water fish and poultry for sale. he finds that the surface of the pond is covered with a layer of green substance and the fish has died. Pesticides from the vegetable farm contain DDT which is harmful to living organisms. Jelaskan bagaimana En Johnny mengatasi masalah dalam kolamnya. Johnny overcomes the problems in his pond. Alga grows on the water surface and the excessive fertilizer and waste from the poultry contain nitrate and phosphate compounds which encourage the growth of alga. Pada suatu ketika. dia mendapati bahawa permukaan kolam ditutupi dengan satu lapisan bahan hijau dan ikan telah mati. He plants leafy vegetables.QUESTION 12 (PROBLEM SOLVING) Rajah di atas menujukkan kebun En. Dia menggunakan baja kimia dan pestisid untuk mengekalkan dan meningkatkan hasil sayur – sayurannya. He uses chemical fertilizers and pesticides to maintain and increase the yield of his vegetables. After some time. Johnny. 2)Guna baja kompos berbanding baja kimia. Pestisid daripada kebun sayur mengandungi DDT dimana adalah berbahaya kepada organism hidup. Explain how Mr. Penjelasan masalah (Clarifying the problem) Pertumbuhan alga di atas permukaan air dan baja berlebihan dan bahan buangan daripada ayam mengandungi sebatian nitrat dan fosfat dimana menggalakkan pertumbuhan alga. membela ikan air tawar dan ayam untuk dijual. The best method Guna baja kompos berbanding baja kimia kerana tidak mencemarkan persekitaran.

Jelaskan bagaimana anda boleh membina konsep pemanasan global. Kaji aktiviti – aktiviti di atas. [6 markah/marks] __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ . Study the above activities. Explain how you would be able to construct the concept of global warming.1) Rajah (i) dan (ii) di bawah menunjukkan aktiviti – aktiviti yang berlaku di sekeliling kita menyebabkan pemanasan global. The figures (i) and (ii) below show activities which happened in our surroundings that caused global warming.

The figure above shows two loaves of bread A and B made by two students A and B respectively. [6 markah/marks] __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ .2) Rajah di atas menunjukkan dua buku roti A dan B yang masing – masing dibuat oleh dua orang pelajar. Jelaskan bagaimana pelajar B boleh membuat roti seperti pelajar A. Describes how student B can bake bread like student A.