Compare and Contrast Process in Plants and

Animals: Nutrient Procurement and
Processing 2
by CHED on April 25, 2017

lesson duration of 56 minutes

under General Biology 2

generated on April 25, 2017 at 08:03 am

Tags: Compare and Contrast Process in Plants and Animals: Nutrient Procurement and Processing

immune systems.GOV. development. An example is given below: I. CHED. gas exchange.g. 2016 Subjects: General Biology 2 Tags: Compare and Contrast Process in Plants and Animals: Nutrient Procurement and Processing Resources n/a n/a Content Standard The learners demonstrate an understanding of: 1. dramatization and other forms of multimedia) to show how an organism maintains homeostasis through the interaction of the various organ systems in the body Learning Competencies Compare and contrast the following processes in plants and animals: reproduction. and sensory and motor mechanisms Introduction 2 mins Communicating Learning Objectives 1. transport/circulation. nutrition. Feedback Mechanisms Performance Standard The learners shall be able to: develop a presentation (e. role-playing. Plant Nutrition 1/7 . Plant and Animal Organ Systems and their Functions 2. chemical and nervous control. Present the topic outline for Nutrient Procurement and Processing.PH K-12 Teacher's Resource Community Generated: Apr 25.2017 04:03 PM Compare and Contrast Process in Plants and Animals: Nutrient Procurement and Processing 2 ( 56 mins ) Written By: CHED on July 18. regulation of body fluids.

Nutritional requirements of plants B.PH K-12 Teacher's Resource Community A. Iron 3. Routes for absorption of water and minerals across the roots C. Call one or two learners to read aloud the kinds of nutrients listed in the Nutrition Facts table. Nutritional adaptations by plants II. etc. The Human Digestive System Teacher Tip The topic on Nutrient Procurement and Processing can be divided into three parts. Instruction 21 mins Lecture on Animal Nutrition 2/7 . 2. Vitamins. Sodium. Protein. The Human Digestive System (1 hour) Motivation 3 mins Observe Nutrition Facts 1. Plant Nutrition (1 hour) Part II. Animal Nutrition (1 hour) Part III. Example: A 100 g foil pack of peanuts may show the following kinds of nutrients: Fat. CHED. Nutritional requirements of animals B. Carbohydrate.GOV. to grow. Animal Nutrition A. meat. vegetables. Cholesterol. why we need to eat – to obtain energy for our activities. Variations in feeding mechanisms and digestive compartments in animals III. fruits. The different kinds of nutrients listed in the Nutrition Facts table are among the nutritional requirements of animals. Teacher Tip You may assign the learners to bring food or snack packed in foil or plastic that shows a table on Nutrition Facts. Part I.g. Food uptake in cells C. Ask the class what we need to eat and why. with one-hour session being allotted for each part. etc. potato. to provide our bodies with materials for making bone and muscles. Minerals e. Example: what we need to eat – rice. fish. Ask the learners to locate the table on Nutrition Facts on the package of the food or snack that they brought in class.

health. (1. excess. source.margarine. and and bones.The Theenergy energyinin food is food is stored stored in in in in its its chemical chemical bonds. hormones. examples include: iodine. scurvy. vitamins. Thesignificant The significantrole roleofofessential essentialnutrients nutrientsininanimals animalscan canbebehighlighted highlightedbybyciting citingexamples examplesofofthe theeffects effectsofof certain certain nutrient nutrient deficiencies deficiencies or extreme or extreme excess. Essential Essential amino amino acids. meat.butter. muscles. Teacher Tip: You may ask the learners to check the amount of calories indicated in the Nutrition Facts table of the food they brought. enzymes. D. tryptophan. phenylalanine. manganese. oils. proteins. butter. these these form form part part of of enzymes. molybdenum. Proteins – can – can also also be be used used as as an an energy energy source source butbut thethe body body mainly mainly uses uses these these as as building building materials materials forfor cellcell structures and structures and as as enzymes. These include: A. grains. CHED. structures.PH K-12 Teacher's Resource Community 1. B.2lb. – are III. 1996). etc. leucine.meat. Trace Elements oror Minerals Minerals – inorganic – inorganic nutrients nutrients needed needed bybythethe body body in in minute minute amounts. proteins also contain 4 Calories per gram. among among the the 20 20 amino amino acids. parts parts of of muscles. while while vitamins vitamins and and trace trace elements elements are are necessary necessary for for many many cellular chemical reactions. enzymes. metabolism.)ofofwater waterby by1oC 1oC(1. isoleucine and valine. Like carbohydrates. IV. hormones. the greater energy it contains (Johnson and Raven. Identify the nutritional requirements of animals: I. foods. amounts. body tissues. Teacher Tip: Pictures of phagocytosis and pinocytosis can be shown in class. poultry. Fats – are used used to to build build cell cell membranes. and water-soluble Vitamins B. On average. B3. ItIt specifically specifically refers refers to to the the amount amount ofofheat heatenergy energyrequired requiredtotoraise raisethe thetemperature temperatureofof11kg kg(2. examples examples include include fat-soluble fat-soluble Vitamins A.2 (2. Carbohydrates. Essential fatty acids – used for making special membrane lipids. energy energy isis harvested harvested to to make make ATP.They They contain a higher amount of energy per gram than carbohydrates or proteins. and body fluids. cereals. margarine.and andalso alsoserve serveas asan anenergy energysource. health. an example is linoleic acid in humans.fried friedfoods.Fats Fatsalso alsocontain containcertain certainfat- fat-soluble solublevitamins vitaminsthat thatare areimportant important forforgood goodhealth. meat. bonds. proteins.8oF). vitamins. foods. As As body body cells cells break break the the chemical chemical bonds. C. hormones. 2. C. carbohydrates contain 4 Calories per gram. zinc. nervous tissue. Essential Nutrients –– include include substances substances that that animals animals can can only only get get from from the the foods foods they they eat eat because because they they could could not not be synthesized inside the body. food. acids. Introduce the concept of calories from food. food. Examples include: rickets. 3/7 . breads. B12. steroid steroid hormones. fish. methionine. TeacherTips: Teacher Tips:Carbohydrates. selenium. acids. threonine.The Thegreater greaterthe thenumber numberofof Calories in a quantity of food. and grains. cobalt. membranes. Trace Elements D. E. goiter.and andprocessed processedsnack snackfoods. ThisThis maymayalsoalso be given be given as assignment as an an assignment to learners to learners to to enhance their appreciation of proper nutrition. Vitamins – organic – organic molecules molecules required required in small in small amounts amounts forfor normal normal metabolism. andand trace trace elements elements areare important important substances substances forfor good good health. and vegetables. B2. body. about 9 Calories per gram. poultry. eight eight could could not not be synthesized by humans: lysine. bones.and andfats fatsare areenergy-rich energy-richcompounds compoundspresent presentininfood. Carbohydrates –– serve serve as as aa major major energy energy source source for for the the cells cells in in the the body. fish. II. and and other other cellular cellular structures. bonds. fruits.proteins. products. also also used used to to insulate insulate nervoustissue. Proteins Proteins come come from from dairy dairy products.GOV.8oF). K. A Calorie isis aa unit unit of of energy energy that that indicates indicates the the amount amount of of energy energy contained contained inin food.Fats Fatsareareobtained obtainedfrom fromoils. These These are are usually usually obtained obtained from from grains. Essential amino acids –– needed needed for for synthesis synthesis of of proteins proteins and and enzymes. Essential Essential amino acids amino acids serve serve as as building building blocks blocks for for proteins.) lb.

bulk-feeders –– eat eat relatively relatively large large chunks chunks of of food food and and have have adaptations adaptations like like jaws.InInbetween betweenthe themouth mouthand andanus. system. III. Complete digestive system –– essentially essentially like like aa tube tube with with an an opening opening at at one one end end for for taking taking in in food food (mouth) (mouth) and and an an openingatatthe opening theother otherend endwhere whereunabsorbed unabsorbedwaste wastematerials materialsare areeliminated eliminated(anus). Examples: snakes. cats. and large intestine. 6. etc. tentacles. CHED. are specialized organs that carry out transport. mosquitoes. jaws. pinocytosis – uptake of extracellular fluid by a cell using small vesicles derived from the plasma membrane. host. pincers. pseudopod formation in Amoeba. claws. head head lice. is ita issaclike a saclike bodybody cavity. Examples: Examples: mosquitoes. pancreas – secretes enzymes that break down all major food molecules. Examples: Examples: in cnidarian in the the cnidarian Hydra Hydra and and in in flatworm Planaria III. Teacher Teacher Tips:Tips: Consider Consider a frog’s a frog’s complete complete digestive digestive system. aphids IV.PH K-12 Teacher's Resource Community 3. leeches. Examples: whales and coelenterates III. 4. claws.lice. fluid-feeders – suck – suck fluids fluids containing containing nutrients nutrients from from a living a living host. Cite the different types of animals based on feeding mechanisms: I. esophagus. itof. small intestine. Describe the accessory organs for digestion in a complete digestive system: I. TheThe partsparts between between the the mouthmouth and and anusanus are:are: pharynx. IV. 4/7 . gallbladder – stores bile produced by the liver III. caterpillars that eat through the leaves where they live on. filter-feeders – –include includemany manyaquatic aquaticanimals animalswhich whichdraw drawininwater waterand andstrain strainsmall smallorganisms organismsand andfood foodparticles particles present in the medium. Describe food uptake in cells via the three types of endocytosis: I. (anus). and large intestine. class. and absorption of digested nutrients. eg. Enumerate the different kinds of digestive compartments in animals: I. leeches. II. small intestine. cavity. Gastrovascular cavity II. The parts between the mouth and anus are: pharynx. Gastrovascular cavity or or incomplete incomplete digestive digestive systemsystem ––composed composedofofaasingle singleopening openingthrough throughwhich whichfood foodisis takentaken in and in and where where wastes wastes are are disposed disposed of. substrate-feeders ––animals animalsthat thatlive liveininororon ontheir theirfood foodsource. secretes the hormone insulin for control of glucose metabolism Teacher Tips: Consider a frog’s complete digestive system. teeth. phagocytosis – engulfment of organic fragments or big particles. liver – secretes bile for emulsifying fats II.Examples: Examples:earthworms earthwormsthat thatfeed feedthrough throughthe thesoil soil where they live in. processing. Example: Example: foodvacuole food vacuoleininaaprotozoa protozoalike likeParamecium ParameciumTeacher TeacherTip: Tip:Pictures Picturesofofphagocytosis phagocytosisandandpinocytosis pinocytosiscan canbebeshown showninin class. man 5. Food vacuoles in unicellular organisms –– these these fuse fuse with with lysosomes lysosomes that that contain contain hydrolytic hydrolytic enzymes. secretes buffers against HCl from the stomach. enzymes. receptor-mediated endocytosis – this relies on membrane receptor recognition of specific solutes which are then taken up by the cell via receptor-coated pits. stomach. that help in securing the food and tearing it to pieces.GOV. II. stomach. anus. tentacles. pincers. teeth. source. esophagus.

If dissection will not be done. Explain why protein should be included in the diet. anus. Observe and draw a Hydra or Planaria as seen under a microscope or from a visual aid. Draw from a visual aid the complete digestive system of an invertebrate such as a cockroach or grasshopper. gallbladder. 4. What will happen to the human body if we are deficient in particular vitamins and trace elements? Give examples of effects of vitamin and mineral deficiencies.GOV. crop. 3. and anus. Label the parts such as: salivary glands. 3. mesenteron. Label the food vacuole. gizzard. tongue. State the average amount of energy obtained from the following nutrients in terms of Calories: 1 g of carbohydrate _______ Calories 1 g of protein _______ Calories 5/7 . Malpighian tubules. esophagus. State several reasons why carbohydrates are usually needed in more amounts than fats in the diet.PH K-12 Teacher's Resource Community Practice 20 mins Drawing Activity or Laboratory Work 1. 4. stomach. Label the gastrovascular cavity. pancreas. rectum. cloaca. Draw and label all the parts. There are 20 amino acids needed to make proteins in the animal body. small intestine. Observe the following organs: mouth or buccal cavity. large intestine (colon). small intestine (ileum). Compare incomplete and complete digestive systems. gastric caeca. Pith and dissect a toad. large intestine (colon). Why aren’t they all considered essential to animal diets? 5. Evaluation 5 mins 1. let the learners copy and draw from a visual aid Teacher Tip: Letting the learners draw the structures for digestion allows them to compare different types of digestive compartments in different animals. What are the functions of accessory organs in a complete digestive system? Teacher Tip: The answers to the review questions can be found in the lecture given by the teacher. Also find the accessory organs: liver. 2. Enrichment 5 mins Quiz 1. 2. pharynx. Observe and draw a Paramecium as seen under the microscope or from a visual aid. 6. CHED. esophagus.

PH K-12 Teacher's Resource Community 1 g of fat _______ Calories 2. water (or vice versa) 4. 5. What are the roles of the following parts of an insect’s digestive system: crop. Trace elements or minerals 5. (POOR (POOR)) – disorganized drawing with many errors in the labeling of cell layers in the root cross sections and in the tracing of the apoplast and symplast routes. 8. _______ refer to inorganic nutrients needed by the body in minute amounts. 4. In terms of feeding mechanisms. endocytosis 5. 3. Are the conditions of undernutrition and obesity considered malnutrition? Explain. Enumerate the parts of the toad’s digestive system and give the function of each. 4. Define malnutrition. 5. 2. Of the 20 amino acids used to make proteins in the human body. 3. Teacher Tip: Answers to the assignment may be written on bond paper and submitted on the following meeting. True 7. and effects of deficiency. Answer Key: 1. List four water-soluble vitamins and four oil-soluble vitamins. 9 Calories. Malpighian tubules. Cells take up food via the process of _______. Cite five trace elements or minerals. True or False. CHED. gizzard. Substrate-swallowers. Tabulate their food sources and roles. A complete digestive system is characterized by the presence of a mouth at one end and anus at the other end.GOV. while humans are considered _______. True ASSIGNMENT 1. 4. _______ must be obtained through food. ASSESSMENT GUIDE (FOR THE ACTIVITY AND LABORATORY WORK) 1. True or False. Present in a tabular form their roles. A gastrovascular cavity is considered an incomplete digestive system. The two main groups of vitamins include those soluble in _______ and in _______. food-seekers 6. Eight 3. 7. respectively 2. 4. Oil. food sources. 6/7 . 6. earthworms are considered _______.

Generated: Apr 25. (SATISFACTORY (SATISFACTORY)) – acceptable drawing with some errors in the labeling of cell layers in the root cross sections and in the tracing of the apoplast and symplast routes. (VERY GOOD) GOOD) – clear drawing with minimal error in the labeling of cell layers in the root cross sections and in the tracing of the apoplast and symplast routes.GOV. in addition to the drawings done during the laboratory work.tcpdf.2017 04:03 PM 7/7 Powered Poweredby byTCPDF TCPDF(www. and accurate tracing of the apoplast and symplast routes.org) . CHED. 3. Teacher Tips: Some questions in the assignment may be included for assessment.tcpdf. 4.org) (www. (EXCELLENT (EXCELLENT)) – clear drawing with correct labels for the cell layers in the root cross sections.PH K-12 Teacher's Resource Community 2.