影響綠色航運因素之研究

Factor to Influence the Green Shipping Operation
邱榮和1 Chiu-Rong Her
chiu12@mail.ntou.edu.tw
康雅惠2 Kang-Ya Hui
10473010@ mail.ntou.edu.tw

摘要

從 1987 年聯合國世界環境與發展委員會發表「我們共同的未來」以及 1992 年在巴西
里約召開地球高峰會議後,「永續發展」的觀念及「21 世紀議程」開始被廣泛的討論。隨著
環境保護意識抬頭,近年來全球暖化及永續發展已經是國際上首重的議題,而國與國間
商品流通頻繁,其對外貿易約有百分之九十透過海洋運輸,因此海洋運輸在貿易上扮演
極重要的角色,海洋運輸帶來了經濟繁榮,卻也造成環境汙染,航運活動中無法避免產
生廢棄物及空氣汙染,有鑑於此,綠色航運政策已是當前最重要的議題。

本研究主要目的為探討影響綠色航運因素,首先,藉由綠色航運相關文獻之探討,
本文擬定四大構面與十三項因素準則適用於影響航運業者實施綠色航運因素之研究。其次,
本研究透過專家問卷的調查,蒐集船舶運送業者之意見,運用層級分析法(AHP)找出
船舶運送業對於各項準則層之重要性排序,俾使航運業在實施綠色航運措施時,找出重
要的選擇因素,以提升綠色航運成效。研究結果顯示,船舶運送業實施綠色航運措施評估
之績效指標最重要三項,分別為:「污染控制及法規遵守」、「污染預防」、「生態效益」。

關鍵字:永續發展、綠色航運、AHP

Abstract

1
國立臺灣海洋大學航運管理學系副教授 (聯絡地址:20224 基隆市中正區北寧路 2 號,聯絡電
話:02-24622192 轉 3438,E-mail: chiu12@mail.ntou.edu.tw)。
2
國立臺灣海洋大學航運管理學系研究生

the view of “Sustainable Development” and “Agenda 21” has been discussed extensively. In view of this situation. but also cause the pollution. AHP . The main purpose of this study is to discuss the factor to influence the green shipping operation. Since the World Commission on Environment and Development published “Our common future” in 1987 and the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro. it could not be avoided to make the residues and air pollution in the activities of transportation. The result shows that the top three key factors of the implementation of green shipping measures are “pollution controlling and obeying the law”. With the rising awareness of environmental protection. First. then uses Analytic Hierarchy Process to find out the ranking of the importance for the shipping industry in every criteria layer to decide the key factors for shipping company implementing the green shipping policies to improve the performance of green shipping. “preventing the pollution” and “ecological benefits”. Keywords: Sustainable development. Brazil. this study develop four main aspects and thirteen factors which are affecting the green shipping by researching the related studies or papers of green shipping. it collects the suggestions from ship transporters via Experts’ Investigation Method. Around 90 percent of foreign trading goods are carried by shipping. green shipping policy is the most important issue now. seaborne transportation has been an important role in trading. Green Shipping. Shipping industry not only brings the prosperity of economy. After that. global warming and sustainable development has become the top international topic.