Machining Operations

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Machining Operations
Word Meaning Context More Information

Boring is an operation
to enlarge and finish
A work piece may be held in a 3, 4, or 6 jaw
boring holes accurately. This
chuck and collets.
may be done on a lathe
or a milling machine.
Boring is a machine operation in which
the work is in contact with a single point
tool.

Broaching is an
The teeth of a broaching tool are equally spaced
operation that
broaching so that as the tool advances into the workpiece,
completes the cutting in
each tooth removes a specified amount of metal.
one stroke or cut.

Broaching can be done on both internal
and external surfaces.

Drilling is an
economical way of
removing large amounts Used for last removal of stock on preparation for
drilling
of metal to create semi- other operations like boring, reaming, or tapping.
precision round hole or
cavity.
Drilling allows a person to make holes
through boards, metals, and other
materials.

Gang drilling machine gang The gang drilling machine is a series of Each head is equipped with a different tool to performs a number of drilling single spindle drill heads mounted on a drill the part being machined as it moves from drilling operations in a machine long table. grinding Grinding machine machine machines metal parts Various types of grinding machines: with an abrasive wheel which can grind to close . heavy workpieces) A machine designed to Used for producing cylindrical holes.Plain Surface grinders tolerances. produce cylindrical counter-sinking. Facing is a machine operation where the work is rotated against a single point tool.Radial arm drill press (large. The abrasive grains are formed into a grinding Grinding is an operation Grinding processes remove very small wheel. 4. as hold drill bits which will well as reaming. collets or a faceplate. counter-boring.Sensitive drill (light drilling) .Rotary Surface grinders . abrasive grains. in which the cutting is chips in very large numbers by cutting grinding done by the use of the action of many small individual abrasive particles. one station to the next.Upright drill (heavy duty drilling) . honing. . boring.Universal grinders . Very smooth surfaces can be accomplished by the use of the proper grinding wheel.Tool & Cutter grinders . sequence. lapping and holes.Internal grinders . or 6 jaw facing metal from the end of chuck. tapping. There are three major types: drill press . the workpiece or a shoulder. Facing is a lathe operation in which the cutting tool removes A workpiece may be held in a 3.

Honing is an internal cutting technique that Similar to lapping where abrasive sticks are uses abrasives on a mounted in a rotating tool. Grinding machines can produce parts of the identical size.quill The operation is called .way work is stationary and the tool revolves. in other cases the .000th of smooth finish. . deep gun drilling holes. machine Used for heavy stock removal. action with a rotating tool. and finish quality. The milling machine provides cutting The spindle is mounted on a horizontal position. Gun drilling machine is Uses three types of spindles for producing deep a machine used to In some drilling machines. is held firm in a machine and the machine workpiece revolves. honing rotating tool to produce extremely accurate holes that require a very Capable of accuracies of less than 1/10. . the gun drill holes: produce long.fixed-spindle "Gun drilling". shape. Honing operation A horizontal milling machine uses a rotating horizontal tool to produce flat milling surfaces. one inch. Available in different size tables.

drilling. The lathe is used for producing cylindrical The lathe may be used for: work. Non-precision grinding is done when accuracy is not important. is a cutting technique Non-precision grinding is a free-hand operation precision used when the grinding done on a pedestal or bench grinder. The workpiece is lathe rotated while the cutting boring. controlled by the trepanning machine. finishes are required. grooving. knurling. facing. Machinists may use hand or machine reamers depending on the job they are performing. This is grinding and very smooth extremely useful in acquiring smooth fnishes. turning. polishing. grinding does not need to be accurate. Reaming is a sizing operation that removes reaming a small amount of metal from a hole already drilled. tool movement is threading. . Non-precision grinding non. The reamer is the tool used for this operation. tapping. The lathe is primarily used for cylindrical work. Precision grinding as often used as a finish machining process. Precision grinding is a cutting technique used Precision grinding allows very small amounts of precision when close tolerances material to be removed from a workpiece.

Vertical (slotter and key seater) angular planes. Shaping Single point threading is a lathe operation used Uses a special cutting tool that reflects the single thread form.maximum drill size of 1/32 of an inch . a single point tool. .it is used for light duty work that drills very small holes. . for creating internal / point external precision threading machined threads with There are over 100 thread forms.Special The shaper cuts by passing a single point tool by the workpiece.capable of speeds of over 40.Horizontal / plain or universal vertical. on each stroke. horizontal. or . Shaper is a machine There are three types of shapers: used for the production shaper of flat surfaces in . it is called shaping.000rpm . Single point threading sensitive Sensitive drill press is a drill press high speed machine . Shaping is an operation When the cutting tool reciprocates while the shaping used to produce flat work is fed towards the tool removing material surfaces.extremely precise quill and spindle .

milling machine make threads on nuts.hand be threaded into the . or 6 jaw cutting tool removes turning chuck.tapping machine Tapping is done with a tool called a "Tap". Turning is a lathe operation in which the A workpiece may be held in a 3. The sensitive drill press Tapping is the process Tapping may be done by: of cutting a thread inside a hole so that a tapping cap screw or bolt can . A single point tool is used for turning. . A vertical milling vertical machine uses a rotating The milling machine provides cutting milling tool to produce flat action with a rotating tool. diameter of a workpiece.lathe machine hole.  Related Searches:  Teaching With Technology  Technology Education . it is used to . Also. 4. collets or may also be held between metal from the outside centers. machine surfaces. The spindle is mounted on a vertical position. Available in different size tables. light-duty machine. A very flexible.

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