CHAPTER 1 A Removing sun glasses on a hot 7.

Which of the following structures
afternoon of the ear is important for hearing?
The World through Our B Focusing on a near object A Eustachian tube
Senses C Increase in light intensity B Cochlea
D Entering a dark room from a C Pinna
Objective Questions bright place D Semicircular canals
1. A mosquito lands on Ali’s arm and
4. Zainab is eating durian. Which of 8.
he quickly swats the mosquito
the following sensory organs
with his other hand. Which of the
help her to taste the durian in her
following sequences shows the
mouth?
correct pathway from stimulus to
I Nose
response? Figure 3
II Tongue
A Sensory organ → spinal cord
III Skin Figure 3 shows AB and CD which
→ muscles
A I and II only appear unparallel but they are
B Sensory organ → nerves →
B I and III only actually parallel. This
brain → nerves → muscles
C II and III only phenomenon is called
C Sensory organ → spinal cord
D I, II and III A an optical illusion
→ brain → muscles B a monocular vision
D Sensory organ → nerves →
5. The information below shows C long-sightedness
brain muscles
parts of the human ear. D colour blindness
2. A student sees his school bus P – Cochlea 9. Which of the following statements
approaching from a distance, Q – Eardrum on light and sound are true?
looks at his watch and then at his R – Auditory nerve I Both can travel through
school bag on the floor. Which of S – Auditory canal vacuum.
the following sequences shows T – Ossicles II Both can be reflected from a
the changes of the shape of the
surface.
lens of his eye?
Which of the following pathways III Both can be absorbed by
A
correctly shows the sequence in materials.
which sound waves enter the A I and II only
ear? B I and III only
B A P, Q, R, S, T C S, Q, T, P, R C II and III only
B Q, R, S, P, T D S, T, Q, P, R D I, II and III

6. Figure 2 shows the cross section 10.
C
of a person’s eye.

D
P Q R S

Figure 4
3. Figure 1 shows the changes that Figure 4 shows parts of the
take place in the eye of a Figure 2 tongue that are sensitive to
person. specific tastes. Which parts are
If he wears the spectacles of a sensitive to the sweet and bitter
person who has long- tastes of the local black coffee?
sightedness, where will the A I and III only
image be formed? B I and IV only
Figure 1
A P C R C II and III only
What causes this response? B Q D S D II and IV only

TG1

11. The part of the skin which is III A swimming pool appears B Negative geotropism and
more sensitive has shallower. negative phototropism
I a thinner epidermis A I and II only C Positive geotropism and
II more receptors B I and III only positive phototropism
III a thicker fat layer beneath the C II and III only D Positive geotropism and
dermis D I, II and III positive hydrotropism
A I and II only
B I and III only 17. Figure 5 shows a seedling with a
20. Which of the following
C II and III only straight shoot and root pinned to
statements about the response
D I, II and III a soft board, so that the shoot
of a plant to a stimulus is not
and the root are horizontal.
true?
12. In which of the following parts of
I The shoot of a plant is
the eye does refraction of light
negatively phototropic.
occur?
II The root of a plant is positively
I Cornea
phototropic.
II Eye lens
III The shoot of a plant is
III Vitreous humour
negatively geotropic.
A I and II only
Figure 5 A I and II only
B I and III only
B I and III only
C II and III only Which of the following diagrams
C II and III only
D I, II and III represents the seedling after two
D I, II and III
days?
13. Which of the following condition A
is not a defect of vision? 21. Which sequence shows the flow
A Long-sightedness of nerve impulses when a cat
B Short-sightedness sees a mouse and chases it?
C Optical illusion A Sense organ → spinal cord →
D Astigmatism B muscles
B Sense organ → spinal cord →
14. As a result of an accident, a brain → muscles
student is blind in one eye. He C Sense organ → brain →
will have difficulty in C muscles
A determining the colour of an D Sense organ → spinal cord →
object accurately brain → spinal cord →
B estimating the distance of an muscles
object correctly
C seeing a distant object clearly D
22. Which of the following uses the
D determining the shape of an
reflection of sound?
object correctly
I To determine the depth of the
18. Which of the following responses ocean
15. Which of the following
of plants is phototropic? II To detect a shoal of fish
statements are true of sound?
A The morning glory twines III To detect a tumour in the body
I Sound has kinetic energy.
round a support. A I and II only
II Sound can be reflected.
B The leaf of a Venus fly trap B I and III only
III Sound can travel through
catches a fly. C II and III only
vacuum.
C The shoot of an indoor plant D I, II and III
A I and II only
B I and III only grows in the direction of a
C II and III only lighted window. 23. Which part of the human eye
D I, II and III D The folding of the leaflets of prevents internal reflection of
Mimosa pudica. light?
16. Which of the following A Choroid
phenomena is caused by the 19. Which of the following tropism is B Conjuctiva
refraction of light? shown by the roots of green C Sclera
I Rainbow is seen in the sky. plants? D Aqueous humour
II A spoon in a glass appears A Positive hydrotropism and
bent. negative geotropism

TG2

Structured Questions
1. Figure 6 shows the cross section of the human skin. (b) Show the sequence of the pathway of sound in
the ear.

[2 marks]
(c) Name two structures of the ear that are not
involved in hearing. What is the function of each
of these structures?
(i)
Figure 6 (ii)
(a) Name the parts of the skin labelled I and II. [4 marks]

I : 3. Figure 8 shows a certain defect of vision.
II :
[2 marks]
(b) Name the receptors of the skin labelled P, Q, R, S
and T.
P :
Q :
R :
S : Figure 8

T : (a) (i) Name the defect of vision shown.
[5 marks]
(c) State two factors which affect the sensitivity of the [1 mark]
skin. (ii) Give two reasons for this defect.
(i)
(ii)
[2 marks] [2 marks]
2. Figure 7 shows a cross section of the human ear. (b) (i) What kind of lens is used to correct this
defect?

[1 mark]
(ii) What is the function of this lens?

[1 mark]
Figure 7
4. The experiment shown in Figure 9 is set up to
(a) Name the structures of the ear labelled P to T. investigate parts of the plant that respond to gravity.
P : The beaker is kept in a dark cupboard.
Q :
R :
moist cotton
S : seedlings

T :
[5 marks] Figure 9

TG3

(i) Manipulated variable : (ii) Responding variable : (iii) Constant variable : After 2 weeks [3 marks] (b) Draw the results of the experiment in the space provided. (d) (i) Name the response of the shoots to gravity. Food class Example Food A Fat Pumpkin B Starch Mango Carbohydrate Protein P Q C Protein Mutton Water Mineral Vitamin Figure 1 D Fibre Rice Figure 2 TG4 . Figure 1 shows foodstuff D Vitamin A and vitamin C bought by Fang Yee from a 2. 5. Which of the following pairs of supermarket. Figure 2 shows the different classes of food. [1 mark] (ii) Why is this response of the shoots to gravity important to plants? [2 marks] [1 mark] CHAPTER 2 What is the main class of food in 3. food class and its example is correct? 4. (a) State the following variables in the experiment. Which of the following two the foodstuff bought by Fang Yee? substances are necessary for Nutrition A Fats healthy skin? B Proteins A Iodine and vitamin C Objective Questions C Vitamins B Calcium and vitamin D D Carbohydrates C Potassium and vitamin B 1. [2 marks] (c) What is the function of the response shown by [1 mark] the plant? (ii) Why is this response of the roots to gravity important to plants? [2 marks] [1 mark] (d) State three other plants which respond to touch. (A) (B) Figure 10 (a) What is the difference shown between the plant in Figure 10(A) and Figure 10(B)? [2 marks] (b) What inference can be made from your observations? [3 marks] (c) (i) Name the response of the roots to gravity.

larger ones 13. C complex food particles into carbohydrate digestion? simpler ones A Glucose C Fatty acids 2 cm3 of Benedict’s A brick-red D complex food particles into solution was precipitate is B Amino acids D Glycerol smaller ones added to food formed. The information below shows the R D Hydrochloric acid properties of a class of food. • Heals wounds What class of food does K • Prevents scurvy represent? • Increases the body resistance to Figure 4 A Fats C Proteins diseases B Vitamins D Carbohydrates TG5 . and heated. 16. II and III D Rice porridge and butter 6. What is the final product of food L. Which of the following conditions 11. S without being digested. Physical digestion is the process 12. Figure 5 shows a person suffering L in a test tube 10. K passes through the mouth vitamins. Which of the following organ Table 1 of breaking down absorbs digested food? A large food particles into Food Test Result A P C R smaller ones B Q D S 2 drops of iodine Solution turns B smaller food particles into were added to dark blue. Table 1 shows the results of food D Proteins Fats tests conducted on food L. Which of the following enzymes Figure 3 breaks down starch food The food M is most likely particles into maltose? A egg C chicken meat A Lipase B cake D water melon B Protease C Amylase 7. As food passes through the from a disease. A Eating too much mee carbohydrate B Shortage of starch in the diet protein C Too much of fats in the diet P D Shortage of protein in the diet fat Q 15. starch and oil are digested respectively in the Which of the following food I mouth contain the same class of food as II stomach food L? III small intestine (similar to PMR 2003) A I and II only A Bread and sweets B I and III only B Cake and beef C II and III only C Mango and chicken D I. alimentary canal. Which of the following foods are Which of the following vitamins Which of the following classes of correct examples for P and Q? has the properties described? food are digested in organs Q A Vitamin A C Vitamin C and R? P Q B Vitamin B D Vitamin D (similar to PMR 2000 & 2003) A Mee Starfruit Organ Q Organ R 8. Figure 4 shows the digestive is the cause of the disease shown? water system of Man. 9. Figure 3 shows the different For Questions 11 and 12. roti canai and A Starch Proteins C Milk Mutton fried chicken will cause Rahman B Sugar Fats to suffer from D Fried chicken meat Cabbage A scurvy C anaemia C Carbohydrates Proteins B obesity D kwashiorkor 5. 14. refer to Figure 5 classes of food found in food M. and is only digested in the stomach. Figure 4. Consumption of an excessive B Sugar Mango amount of cake.

The lack of fibre in our daily diet Figure 6 D I. Figure 8 shows an experiment using a Visking tubing. Food distilled water at 37° C K Protein L Vitamin M Water Fibre Visking tubing Figure 7 starch + saliva solution (a) Name the classes of food K. and M. Figure 6 shows some food items Which of the following groups of A anaemia purchased by Mee Lih. II and III may cause Structured Questions 1. K : Figure 8 L : (a) What is the aim of this experiment? M: [3 marks] (b) Name two sources of food that are rich in [1 mark] (i) carbohydrates : (b) Complete the table below to show the (ii) minerals : observations of the experiment after 30 minutes. what is [3 marks] represented by the following materials? (e) Name the class of food that prevents sterility. (i) distilled water : [1 mark] (ii) Visking tubing : [2 marks] TG6 . (c) What is the result of the test for (i) Proteins : (i) starch : (ii) Minerals : (ii) glucose : [2 marks] (iii) Fibre : (d) In the human digestive system. [2 marks] (c) Which two classes of food are energy-producing Sample Starch test Glucose test food? Distilled water from the beaker [1 mark] (d) State the functions of the following classes of [2 marks] food. 2. Which of the following diseases 18. L. Which of the following organs is can be caused by unhealthy involved in the reabsorption of eating habits? water? I Obesity S A Mouth II Diabetes B Stomach III High blood pressure C Small intestine A I only D Large intestine B I and III only C II and III only 19. Figure 7 shows the classification of food.17. food items contains a large B constipation amount of fibre? C gastritis P Q R A P C R D colon cancer B Q D S 20.

Figure 2 shows the classification A I and II only C II and III only B Cold-blooded of vertebrates. II and III C Have four legs D Have a pair of external ears Vertebrates 10.3. The information below shows the 8. stems and leaves 1. Complete Table 2 to show the digestion of food substances in the human alimentary system. 7. Table 2 Digestive organ Enzyme/liquid Substrate Product/liquid Mouth Starch Maltose Protease Peptone Amylase Maltose Pancreas Protease Peptone Fats Liver Bile Emulsion [5 marks] CHAPTER 3 4. Figure 3 shows the classification of plants. D Able to fly I Cow III Stingray teristics describes mammals? II Dolphin A Lay eggs 6. The information below refer to characteristics of an animal. Which of the following charac. Which of the following features is Figure 1 Plants a characteristic of dicotyledons? What are the similarities between Roots Leaf veins the two organisms? Non-flowering plant Flowering plant A Have feathers and dry scales A Fibrous Network B Lay eggs and are warm-blooded B Tap Network Mosses K Conifers C Have scales and are cold- blooded C Fibrous Parallel D Warm-blooded and breathe L Dicotyledons D Tap Parallel with their lungs Figure 3 TG7 . Which of the following organisms • Reproduce by seeds in cones is not correctly matched to its Which of the following animals habitat? has the characteristics described? Which of the following group of Organism Habitat A A shark C A dolphin plants has the characteristics B A duck D A crocodile described? (similar to PMR 2001) A Tiger Forest A Conifers C Mosses B Earthworm Sea 5. Which of the following animals D Bat Cave B Able to swim belong to the same class as the C Warm-blooded whale? 2. the characteristics of a group of Biodiversity plants. Which of the following B Algae D Ferns characteristics refer to amphibians? C Prawn Pond A Have moist skin 9. Which of the following animals increase their body temperature 3. Figure 1 shows two organisms on a hot day and decrease it on a Lizard Swallow L Frog Goat from different groups. II and III A Rat C Sea horse B Turtle D Squirrel 11. • Warm-blooded Objective Questions • Breathes through lungs • Do not produce flowers • Give birth to live young • True roots. B I and III only D I. cold day? Figure 2 I Tortoise III Salamander II Crocodile Which of the following animals A I only C II and III only could be L? B I and II only D I.

He and L? forests can be destroyed by discovers that all the animals I deforestation have the following characteristics. II and III Figure 4 Which of the following plants are 13. Q and R? non-flowering plant? A Oil palm P Q R B Pine tree A Paddy Grass Mango C Papaya tree D Rambutan tree B Maize Orchid Pine tree 14. Mawi rears three animals. II and III What are the similarities between the two plants? Which of the following refers to P 21. we must know B Have stem. The information below shows the III Four pairs of legs grouping of P and Q. C mammals I They have chlorophyll. Which of the following pairs are K 16. leaves and roots A the colours of the organisms P Q C Have leaves and spores B the physical characteristics of A Spider Liverwort D Have roots and live in moist the organisms places B Beetle Hibiscus C the size of the organisms D the movement of the C Cricket Bird’s nest fern organisms D Mouse deer Coconut palm TG8 . Which of the following trees is a represented by P. K L II overfishing A Pine tree Balsam III widespread urbanisation • Body covered with fur A I and II only • Have a pair of ears B Seaweed Rubber tree B I and III only • Give birth to live young C Staghorn fern Maize C II and III only D I. Figure 4 shows a Venn diagram A birds 12. II They have stems and leaves. A I and II only B I and III only P Invertebrate Figure 5 C II and III only Q Flowering plant D I. Biodiversity in the Malaysian 19. C II and III only D I. II and III The animals that Mawi is rearing D Banana Durian tree can be grouped as 17. Figure 6 shows a group of B I and III only flowers animals. B I and III only characteristics do these animals C II and III only have? D I. Which of the following animals C Durian Maize Seaweed are invertebrates? D Paddy Staghorn Staghorn I Ants fern fern II Leeches Figure 6 III Lobsters 18. Fibrous Produce A I and II only roots P Q coloured R 20. II and III I No backbone II A pair of antenna 15. Which of the following state- on the characteristics of some B reptiles ments about mosses are true? plants. In order to classify living A Have spores and live on land and Q? organisms. Figure 5 shows two plants of A I and II only Which of the following different groups. D amphibians III They do not have flowers.

Give two examples for each T : of them. R. [5 marks] (a) Raw material (b) Complete the key shown in Figure 8 by classifying the plants P. S and T. Q. S and T based on their common characteristics. P Q R Monocotyledon Dicotyledon Leaves Leaves S T Root system Root system Figure 7 (a) Give one characteristic for each of the plants P. Draw the structures of the leaves and roots of monocotyledons and dicotyledons. R. Figure 7 shows the drawings of plants P. The tropical rainforests provides for mankind S : resources as listed below.Structured Questions 1. 2. S and T (b) Food [1 mark] (c) Medicine Have fibrous Have tap roots roots [1 mark] (d) Fuel [1 mark] Figure 8 (similar to PMR 2004) [4 marks] TG9 . Q. S and T. [1 mark] Plants P. R. P : Q : [4 marks] R : 3. Q. Q. R.

CHAPTER 4 4. Figure 2 To which group does each organism belong? Figure 6 Producer Consumer Decomposer What type of interaction is shown? A Mutualism A Fungus Rat Paddy plant B Parasitism B Rat Fungus Paddy plant C Commensalism D Predator–prey C Paddy plant Rat Fungus D Paddy plant Fungus Rat TG10 . Figure 6 shows a type of D Grasshopper Eagle interaction between two organisms. Figure 1 shows the interaction between two organisms. Interdependence among Rabbit Living Organisms and the leaves organism X frog organism Y Environment Grass Fox Figure 5 Objective Questions Sheep Which of the following organisms 1. Which of the following statements is not true about this T interaction? A The rat is the prey. In oil palm plantations. of rats. 7. Figure 1 C The interaction involved is Which type of interaction is S competition. Figure 2 shows the transfer of energy in a food chain. C Commensalism Figure 4 D Predator–prey 8. shown? D Both the owls and the rats are A Mutualism Aquatic plants part of the ecosystem in the B Parasitism plantation. The function of chlorophyll in Which of the following organisms green plants is to refers to S and T? A take in carbon dioxide from 3. Figure 5 shows a simple food chain. owls are 5. S T the atmosphere B convert water into starch A Prawn Snake C trap the Sun’s energy B Tadpoles Fish D release oxygen C Snake Dragonfly 9. Water beetles B The owl is the predator. 6. Figure 4 shows a pyramid of reared to control the population numbers for a pond ecosystem. A group of organisms that look Figure 3 refers to X and Y? alike and can breed among Which of the following organisms X Y themselves to produce its own represents a secondary kind is known as a A Grasshopper Lizard consumer? A species (similar to PMR 2003) B Grasshopper Snake B habitat A Grass C population C Frog Snake B Rabbit D community C Fox D Snake Rat D Sheep 2. Figure 3 shows a food web.

tadpole. C II and III only P R D I. N C The products of II Carbon dioxide B K. I Sunlight A K. Table 1 shows the populations of I Fungi organisms in a paddy field Grasshopper Caterpillar II Bacteria ecosystem. N C M. L. hawk P P II The population of caterpillar D Hawk.10. (similar to PMR 2004) food web? insect. II and III Q 200 R 100 000 Snake Hawk 12. N photosynthesis are glucose III Water A I and II only and oxygen. Q Q will increase. chicken. water plants R S III The population of rabbits will S R increase. drop. Figure 8 shows an interaction D Photosynthesis takes place in B I and III only between two fishes. II and III K Boiling the leaf in water R S L Washing the leaf in hot water S Q 19. Which of the following factors energy. which of A Water weed. Which of the following sequence B Photosynthesis takes place in affect photosynthesis? is correct? both dark and bright places. B I and III only A Mutualism C II and III only B Parasitism Light D I. K. L. Which of the following example C II and III only of interactions is matched D I. bird organisms shown above? the other organisms is true of the B Water hyacinth. K. numbers for the population of the following statements about prawn. M. N D M. Which of the following S 5000 sequences shows the correct Figure 9 organisms in a food chain in Which of the following diagrams If the sparrow population is descending order? represents the pyramid of attacked by a disease. Which of the following M Heating the leaf in alcohol Q P statements about photosynthesis N Adding a few drops of iodine is true? solution to cover the leaf A Photosynthesis releases 16. III Grasshopper Table 1 Rabbit A I and II only B I and III only Organism Population Frog Sparrow C II and III only P 5 D I. Which of the following organisms are decomposers? 15. all living plant cells. The information below shows the A I and II only steps taken during the testing of B D B I and III only leaf for starch. L. II and III C Commensalism D Predator–prey Vegetables 11. TG11 . crab. M. L. water snail. grasshoppers. fish A C I The population of hawk will C Water plants. 14. 13. Figure 9 shows energy flow in a A I and II only shown? food web. II and III correctly with the type of interaction? shark 17. Which of the following organisms I Mutualism : Alga and has the smallest population in a fungus in the bush ecosystem? lichen A Green plant II Competition : Paddy and B Hawk maize in remora fish C Sparrow the same plot Figure 8 D Caterpillar III Prey–predator : Cat and mouse What type of interaction is 18. chicken.

name the ecosystem. A Chemical energy Carbohydrate Carbon energy glucose dioxide ––––––––––→ + B Light energy Chlorophyll + water substance X oxygen C Heat energy Chlorophyll D Hydro energy Starch Structured Questions 1. Figure 10 shows some organisms which live in the (e) What would happen to the food chain if the same ecosystem. (i) producer : (ii) primary consumers : (iii) secondary consumers : [2 marks] (iv) tertiary consumer : (b) Name the primary consumer in the food chain. [4 marks] [1 mark] (c) How many carnivores are there in the food web? (c) What is the source of energy for the producer ? [1 mark] (d) What are the two ways in which energy may be [1 mark] lost from a food chain? (d) What do the arrows indicate in the food web? (i) (ii) [2 marks] [1 mark] TG12 . The word equation below What is substance X and the type of energy required for this process? represents a process that occurs Energy Substance X in green plants. limpet is poisoned? [1 mark] 2.20. Figure 11 shows a food web in the paddy field. Crab Seaweed Limpet Seagull Figure 11 Figure 10 (a) What is a food web? (a) (i) Based on the organisms shown. [1 mark] [1 mark] (b) Based on the food web shown. name the (ii) Construct a food chain in the space provided.

Figure 14 shows a natural cycle. Carbon dioxide [1 mark] in the air K L 4. (i) Constant variable : (ii) Manipulated variable : (iii) Responding variable : [3 marks] (d) What are the functions of the following chemicals used in this activity? (i) Sodium hydroxide Figure 12 [1 mark] (a) Name the process shown. Q and R? (e) What chemical is used to test the leaves for P : starch? Explain the expected results. Respiration sunlight sunlight bell jars sodium hydroxide solution potassium bicarbonate M solution glass sheets Substance N A B Figure 14 Figure 13 (a) What process is studied using the apparatus (a) Name the natural cycle shown. Figure 12 shows a green plant receiving sunlight. shown? [1 mark] [1 mark] (b) What is the percentage of carbon dioxide present (b) Suggest a hypothesis for this activity. Q : R : [3 marks] [1 mark] (c) What are the products formed by this process? (f) What can you conclude from this activity? [1 mark] [1 mark] (d) How do you test the gas given off? 5. (c) State the following variables in this activity. Figure 13 shows the apparatus used to study a process that occurs in plants.3. (ii) Potassium hydroxide carbonate [1 mark] [1 mark] (b) What are P. in the air? [1 mark] [1 mark] (c) Name the processes K. L and M. TG13 .

billed as Malaysia’s Gift to Earth. (d) What are the three ways of conserving and (Extracted from The Star) preserving the endangered species of the (a) Why is the Kinabatangan Wildlife Sanctuary facing Kinabatangan Wildlife Sanctuary? massive destruction? (i) (ii) (iii) [1 mark] [1 mark] CHAPTER 5 Which of the following Which of the following pairs of statements is not correct? filter papers can be used to com- Water and Solution A Oxygen is collected at the pare the effect of the movement positive electrode. dry and not D Sea water contains suspended paper flowing particles. In which of the 103 °C. A student dries four pieces of wet school laboratory. is facing massive destruction. [1 mark] [1 mark] (ii) Conservation 6. an [1 mark] estimated 20% of the 100 million year old forest has been cleared threatening endangered species. L : M: [3 marks] [1 mark] (d) (i) What is substance N? (c) What is meant by the following terms? (i) Preservation [1 mark] (ii) State one use of substance N. II and III TG14 . In an experiment to determine the C The gas collected at P is tested boiling point of sea water in the with a glowing wooden 4. The 26 000 hectares of Kinabatangan Wildlife Sanctuary in Sabah. dry and salts. of air on the rate of evaporation? Objective Questions B Hydrogen is collected at the A P and Q C R and S negative electrode. open air. Figure 1 shows the set-up of an table in the laboratory flowing experiment on the electrolysis of Q Damp filter paper on the water. In the last four years. experiment. Table 1 shows the conditions of towel dry the fastest? A Sea water is hotter than four filter papers prepared for an A Air which is hot. table and under a fan in the 5. flowing B Sea water contains dissolved Table 1 B Air which is hot. (b) Name three species of animals that are facing K : extinction at this sanctuary. flowing C Sea water contains fine sand. P Damp filter paper on the D Air which is cool. it was found splinter. towels of the same size in the that the boiling point of sea water D The gas collected at Q is acidic. Why is the boiling point following conditions. damp and 2. Filter Condition C Air which is hot. B P and S D S and Q 1. damp and not ordinary water. will the of sea water above 100 °C? 3. Which of the following factors P Q laboratory affect the rate of water R Damp filter paper that is evaporation? distilled water + placed in a bell jar and the I The humidity of the air sulphuric acid II The temperature of the carbon carbon bell jar contains a beaker of anode cathode anhydrous calcium chloride surroundings S Damp filter paper that is III The surface area of water A switch exposed folded and placed on the table in the laboratory A I and II only C II and III only Figure 1 B I and III only D I.

Hydrochloric acid reacts with zinc II Acids contain the element C Toxic substances from to give off hydrogen.6. When the B A pure solution B I and III only D I. Which of the following solvents 13. agricultural areas 11. II and III In which beaker will the copper C oxygen sulphate dissolve the fastest? D water vapour 17. carbon dioxide and water I Boiling Kills micro- organisms in 9. What are the products of the process? reaction between pieces of A To purify the water 8. Which of the following properties causes cholera? C Distilled water describe acids? A Construction site waste products D Tomato I The pH value of acids is more B Insecticide residues from than 7. Which of the following substances A I and II only B I and III only in the house is not alkaline? B I and III only C II and III only A Soap C II and III only D I. II and III B Milk of magnesia D I. Mixture P is made up of liquid A A saturated solution A I and II only C II and III only and solid particles. Evaporation Boiling I Occurs only Occurs at the throughout surface of the liquid the liquid II Occurs at Occurs at the any boiling point temperature III A fast A slow process process A I and II only C II and III only Figure 2 B I and III only D I. Which of the following method of dioxide water purification and its purpose C Calcium hydroxide. homes TG15 . Why is slaked lime added to A P C R water during the coagulation B Q D S 12. Figure 2 shows four beakers which contain copper sulphate and distilled water. What is D A dilute solution 16. the particles C An emulsion settle to the bottom. II and III mixture is left aside. Which of the following uses of water can remove paint stains from a alkalis in daily life is not true? II Coagulation Settles particles student’s clothing? A To manufacture soap to the bottom I Turpentine B To neutralise acidic soil II Petrol C To produce toothpaste III Filtration Removes harm- III Kerosene D To coagulate latex ful bacteria A I and II only 14. Which of the following activities A Toothpaste pollutes drinking water and B Bread 15. II and III 10. carbon is correctly matched? B D dioxide and water Method Purpose D Calcium chloride. Which of the following shapes of eggshell and dilute hydrochloric B To kill microorganisms salt with a mass of 50 g will acid? C To reduce the acidity of water dissolve the fastest in a beaker of A Calcium oxide and carbon D To dissolve impurities in water water? dioxide A C B Calcium carbonate and carbon 18. Which of the following mixture P? comparisons of evaporation and boiling are true? 7. factories A carbon dioxide III Acids react with carbonates to D Rubbish and excreta from B hydrogen set free carbon dioxide. Which of the following substances C Tomato sauce has a pH value of more than 7? D Toothpaste 19.

[3 marks] Figure 5 2. Figure 5 shows the steps involved in treating water at the water treatment plant. [1 mark] (d) Besides temperature. name three other factors that affect the rate of solubility. Which of the following activities B Washing cars using buckets of water from sinks and baths for does not save water? water instead of water from a flushing the toilet A Brushing and rinsing the teeth hose connected to a tap D Using aquarium water for using running water from the C Using systems that treat waste watering potted plants tap instead of from a tumbler Structured Questions 90 (a) What is the purpose of the experiment? lead potassium 80 nitrate nitrate 70 [1 mark] potassium (b) What is the method used in this experiment (g per 100 ml water) 60 chloride Solubility of solute 50 called? 40 30 [1 mark] sodium 20 chloride (c) What is the colour of the universal indicator in the 10 following conditions: 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 (i) Alkali : Temperature ( °C) (ii) Neutral : Figure 3 (iii) Acidic : 1. Figure 4 shows the set-up of an experiment. [1 mark] [2 marks] (c) At what temperature does potassium nitrate and potassium chloride have the same solubility? 3. Name the processes involved from P to S and explain the purpose of each process. (a) What is the mass of lead nitrate that dissolves in [3 marks] 100 ml of water at 20 °C? (d) What are the end products of the experiment? [1 mark] [1 mark] (b) Which salt has a solubility that is least affected by (e) Write a simple word equation for the chemical temperature? reaction in this experiment. Process Name of process Purpose of process P Q R S Figure 4 [8 marks] TG16 .20.

A plastic bottle is filled with some under high pressure in a cylinder? Figure 3 warm water and then closed A To change the gas into a liquid tightly. the increases. water flows out. on. (b). Figure 3 shows a plastic bottle expands when the tap is turned connected to a filter pump. II and III clip Figure 2 shows that the balloon 6. After some time the bottle What happens when air in the B To reduce the size of the gas caves in. The air pressure in an enclosed container increases when filter Objective Questions pump I the container is heated II the container is placed in a 1. Which of the following conditions explains the to filter pump Figure 1 observation? A The atmospheric pressure When the clip is opened. [1 mark] are used. one folded and the other left unfolded. What causes this B The air pressure in the bottle phenomena? falls. Two pieces of filter paper. They are placed on separate tiles and placed (c) Use the molecular theory to explain the result in in the Sun. Figure 6 shows an experiment to study a factor (b) Which filter paper dries up faster? affecting the rate of water evaporation. of the gas molecules C The plastic bottle contracts B The bottle will collapse.4. folded [1 mark] wet wet (d) What conclusion can be drawn from the result of filter tile filter paper paper the experiment? [1 mark] Figure 6 (e) Give two examples where this factor of (a) State the variables in the experiment. (i) Manipulated variable : [1 mark] (ii) Responding variable : (iii) Constant variable : [3 marks] CHAPTER 6 3. Why is petroleum gas stored 4. bottle III more air is pumped into the balloon container tube A I and II only air B I and III only water water C II and III only Figure 2 D I. Figure 1 shows the set-up of an cold room experiment. A The force of gravity C The temperature in the bottle plastic B The mass of the water increases. evaporation is applied. D To reduce the mass of the gas D The air pressure in the bottle C The bottle will be warmer. 2. water from tap decreases Air Pressure 5. bottle C The atmospheric pressure D The air molecules move closer D The potential energy together. TG17 . What causes this? plastic bottle is slowly sucked out molecules A The heat from the warm water using a filter pump? C To reduce the rate of collision B The plastic bottle is too thin A The bottle will expand.

II and III this to happen? Figure 8 A The heat from the warm water B The contraction of the cool water Figure 8 shows water level X 8. Which of the following conditions D The air pressure at P and Q are causes this change? the same. C R is a vacuum. the tyre. the same. the tyre decreases. C The air pressure in Q is higher Figure 4 than that at R. What happens to the air particles 15. bottle when the piston is pushed down. What causes D I. Figure 6 A I and II only B I and III only The water does not rise up the C II and III only straw because the air pressure in D I. D The collisions between the air 13. warm water and closed tightly. III The size of the gas particles increases. Figure 9 shows the position of II Gas particles collide more water in an inverted U-tube. Figure 4 shows the balloon C The air pressure outside the rising higher than water level Y expands when heated. II The air particles collide more particles and the walls of the frequently with the walls of syringe increase. The frequently with the walls of water does not flow out. D The air pressure at P. Q and R Figure 5 are the same. I The kinetic energy of the gas particles increases. 12. 14. suck water with a straw that has B The pressure at P and R are before heating after heating a hole by the side. B The air pressure at P and Q are higher than that in R. A plastic bottle is filled with some increases. II and III the straw is A the same as the atmospheric 9. A I and II only When the water in the bottle B I and III only cools down. the walls of the C II and III only bottle cave inwards. reduced. III The pressure in the tyre 10. D The walls of the bottle will A The size of the air particles is Which of the following area has become harder. Figure 6 shows a boy trying to than the air pressure in Q. B higher than the atmospheric pressure C lower than the atmospheric Figure 9 pressure Which of the following D increased by the atmospheric statements explains the above? pressure entering the hole A Water sticks to the glass of the U. Figure 5 shows a piston being pressure pushed downwards. D The contraction of the plastic Which of the following gas heat gas bottle statements explains the above? A The air pressure at P is higher 11.tube. our in the piston? Figure 7 ears may feel a slight pain because TG18 . the balloon. What happens when air is particles is reduced. A P C R pumped into a bicycle tyre? C The movement of the air B Q D S I The temperature of the air in particles is slower. the least pressure when the B The temperature of the piston is pushed inwards? 7. As we travel higher up a slope. Figure 7 shows a sprayer.

(c) Why does the weather balloon usually burst when it reaches a high altitude? [1 mark] 2. Figure 12 shows the set-up of an experiment. II and III gas under high pressure 20. B at a high pressure 16. state. II and III D Place the tank horizontally pressure? Structured Questions 1. Which of the following is not III cooling the gas 18. Which of the following apparatus appropriate when using a high A I and II only applies the principle of air pressure gas tank? B I and III only pressure? A Keep the tank in a well C II and III only I Barometer ventilated place D I. Figure 10 shows a hole at the top of a can. Figure 10 bell jar (a) What happens when the top hole is closed with a finger tightly? [1 mark] (b) Figure 11 shows a beaker inverted in a container filled with water. Figure 11 Why doesn’t the water fall out of the beaker? [1 mark] [1 mark] TG19 . A of the change in temperature I It varies from day to day. Petroleum gas is stored in gas A I and II only C at a high temperature cylinders in liquid state by B I and III only D at a pressure below the I adding solvent to petroleum gas C II and III only atmospheric pressure II compressing the petroleum D I. Figure 12 beaker water (a) (i) What happens when the rubber sheet is pulled downwards? basin [1 mark] (ii) Explain your answer. To ensure that the petroleum gas B of the strong wind II It decreases with height above in tanks remain in the liquid C the air particles are smaller ground level. 19. II and III II Vacuum cleaner B Keep the tank away from any III Siphon source of heat 17. Which of the following statements A I and II only C II and III only C Check for leakages regularly are true of the atmospheric B I and III only D I. the gas must be kept D of the fall in air pressure III It cannot be measured by an A in a metal tank instrument.

Figure 14 shows a balloon placed at the mouth of a pushed upwards? bottle. The bottle is placed in a bell jar connected to a vacuum pump. C Pushing a trolley B Repels objects only D Opening the lid of a can TG20 . [1 mark] [2 marks] 2. Which of the following B The object changes direction. [1 mark] (ii) Explain your answer. (b) (i) What happens when the rubber sheet is 4. Figure 13 shows a weight hung on a bicycle pump. Which of the following activities A The object stops. which of the following D pulling force observations does not occur? 1. Figure 14 (a) (i) What happens when some air is sucked out from the bell jar? [1 mark] (ii) Explain your answer. Figure 13 [1 mark] (b) (i) What happens when air is allowed to re-enter (a) What supports the weight? the bell jar? [1 mark] (b) (i) What happens if more weights are added? [1 mark] (ii) Explain your answer. force? properties is true of gravitational C The object rotates. [1 mark] (ii) Does the air pressure in the cylinder increase or decrease? Explain your answer. A Turning a spanner force? D The mass of the object B Squeezing a sponge A Attracts objects only changes. When a force is applied to an Objective Questions C electrostatic force object. A rubbed plastic rod attracts C Attracts and repels objects CHAPTER 7 flakes of oat because it has D Visible Force and Motion A magnetic force B gravitational force 4. [1 mark] 3. is not an example of a pushing 3.

II and III C II and III only D I. gravity. How can he between power. down. II and III B 1400 J D 2000 J III Its extension does not depend on the mass of the object. Which of the following activities 17. B I and III only What is the total work done? II Its extension is proportional to C II and III only A 1220 J C 1800 J the force acting on it. 12. C The weight of the student A I and II only C II and III only D The horizontal distance of the B I and III only D I. How the area of contact. II and III D I. II and III horizontal force of 200 N. A labourer pushed a box 4 m the nature of the table top. Which of the following variables back because of gravitational an inclined plane being pushed is not required in an experiment force. work done and A Gravity C Repulsion reduce the friction between the time? B Friction D Electrostatic box and the floor? A Power = work × time I By placing rollers between the B Time = power × work 7. A I and II only B Frictional force depends on B I and III only 20. to determine the power of a II A rubbed comb attracts pieces student running up some stairs? e of paper because it has forc A The vertical height of the stairs hing pus electrostatic force. A force applied to a moving car 10. Figure 1 shows a box resting on 18. much power was he producing? D Frictional force depends on the 14. What is the power of the is not true of the frictional force? I contact surface area motor? A Frictional force acts in the II weight of the box A 100 W C 1000 W direction opposing the III nature of the contact surfaces B 500 W D 1500 W direction of motion. B The time taken to run up the III Magnetic force makes a Box stairs stationary nail move.5. II and III 6. affects the work done on moving B 140 W D 180 W an object? TG21 . II and III B Rowing a boat B Work in joules C Pulling a rope C Power in watts 8. II and III stairs Figure 1 9. Which of the following forces 15. The pushing force depends on 1000 N through a height of 5 m which of the following statements the in 10 s. B I and III only force? measured in the direction of force? C II and III only A Balancing a ruler on the finger A Speed in m/s D I. Which of the following units is A I and II only can be done without frictional the product of force and distance. A boy weighing 600 N carries a I It is affected by the force of A I and II only load of 100 N up a stairs 2 m high. An electric motor can lift a load of block on the surface of a table. Which of the following equations enables a parachutist to land 11. A worker wishes to push a heavy shows the correct relationship safely on the ground? box across the room. C II and III only across the floor in 5 s by using a C Frictional force depends on D I. Which of the following statements two surfaces C Work = power ÷ time explains the reason why a spring II By resting the box on wheels D Power = work ÷ time balance can be used to measure III By placing a rubber sheet the magnitude of a force? between the two surfaces 16. When a student pushes a wooden 19. Which of the following I The weight of the object can result in a change of characteristics are not II The time taken to move the I direction of motion advantages of friction? object II speed of the car I Stops a moving vehicle III The distance moved by the III shape of the car II Wears out surfaces object A I and II only III Produces heat A I and II only B I and III only A I and II only B I and III only C II and III only B I and III only C II and III only D I. D I. Which of the following D Dancing on a stage D Friction in newtons statements is true? I A ball thrown into the air falls 13. Which of the following factors A 120 W C 160 W weight of the wooden block.

[1 mark] (b) (i) What happens to the ping-pong ball after some time? block P block Q [1 mark] (ii) Explain your answer. Situation Type of force (a) (i) Manipulated variable : (a) A ripe fruit falling from a tree (ii) Responding variable : (b) A girl dancing (iii) Constant variable : (c) Attracting a steel object [3 marks] (d) Stepping on the brake of a car (b) What is the difference between the surfaces that the two blocks of wood are resting on? (e) Stretching a spring (f) A plastic ruler attracting dry hair [2 marks] (c) Which block requires more weights to move it? [6 marks] 3. Figure 3 Table 1 State the variables in the experiment. Figure 3 shows the set-up of an experiment. Calculate the following. (b) The work done in raising the object pong ball. An object of 5 kg is raised vertically to a shelf 2 m high [1 mark] in 84 s. Figure 2 shows air being blown directly at a ping. (i) (ii) [1 mark] [2 marks] TG22 . [1 mark] 2. experiment? (a) The weight of the object [1 mark] (e) Give two examples where the principle from the conclusion is applied in a car.Structured Questions 1. Complete Table 1 by stating the types of force involved in the following situations. (d) What can you conclude from the results of this Assume 1 kg = 10 N. ping-pong ball [2 marks] (c) The power required to raise the object Figure 2 [2 marks] (a) What happens to the ping-pong ball? 4.

Which of the following animals B I and III only skeleton? has no exoskeleton? C II and III only A Earthworm C Centipede A Mussels C Prawns D I. Which of the following is supported by a hydrostatic Endoskeleton Exoskeleton Hydrostatic skeleton skeleton? A Frog Ant Earthworm A Scorpion C Earthworm B Snail D Mosquito B Snake Jellyfish Bee C Crab Snail Cockle 13. II and III B Jellyfish D Leech B Spiders D Caterpillars 5. Which of the following plants and 7. Which of the following methods of support are correctly matched with the B Body fluid types of plants? C An exoskeleton Woody plants Herbaceous plants Aquatic plants D A hydrostatic skeleton A Phloem tissue Pressure of body fluid Buoyancy of water 8. Which of the following animals is A I and II only not supported by a hydrostatic 11. Figure 1 shows an organism. Which of the following inver. Which of the following support systems are correctly matched with the organisms? 12. C Mangrove tree Cabbage tebrates and their support systems D Maize Bitter gourd Figure 1 are not correctly matched? What is it supported by? A An endoskeleton 15. Which of the following support correctly matched? systems is found in land vertebrates? Water Water A Hydrostatic skeleton buoyancy turgidity B Water buoyancy C Exoskeleton A Lotus Balsam D Endoskeleton B Elodea Cucumber 10. Which of the following Organism Support II Hard cuticle vertebrates is supported by large III Hydrostatic skeleton pelvic and pectoral girdles? A Balsam plant Woody tissue A I and II only A Man B Cockroach Body fluid B I and III only B Elephant C II and III only C Whale C Snake Endoskeleton D I. Which of the following organisms B Woody tissue Buoyancy of water Turgidity is correctly matched with the type of support? C Turgidity Woody tissue Buoyancy of water D Xylem tissues Turgidity Buoyancy of water TG23 . Which of the following support has an endoskeleton? systems can be found in animals? C Leech Hydrostatic A Centipede C Prawn I Exoskeleton skeleton B Snake D Caterpillar II Endoskeleton III Hydrostatic skeleton D Crab Exoskeleton 4. their support systems are 9. Which of the following animal skeleton 1. II and III D Rabbit D Maize plant Strong fibrous roots 14. Which of the following animal Invertebrate Support has an exoskeleton? system Support and Movement A Crab C Starfish B Goat D Snake A Garden snail Exoskeleton Objective Questions B Bee Hydrostatic 3. CHAPTER 8 2. Which of the following support systems are used by D Whale Caterpillar Spider invertebrates for support? I Exoskeleton 6.

what inference can you make about the plant? [1 mark] (b) Why can’t the plant support itself? [1 mark] (c) State two characteristics of the stem of the plant. Figure 3 shows an aquatic plant placed in two conditions. Q.16. Figure 2 shows a human skeleton. Which of the following plants is 18. (a) Cucumber : (b) Elodea : (c) Orchid : (d) Mangrove tree : (e) Morning glory : (f) Meranti : [6 marks] (A) (B) 2. Aquatic plants can float vertically support in water because of the III Using thorns on the stem to 17. and give one function for (d) Name two aquatic plants that are supported by each of the parts named. Part Name Function P Q [2 marks] R S [8 marks] TG24 . 3. II and III D pressure of the cell sap in the C II and III only stem D I. Tall woody plants are supported I air sacs in the stems climb a support by the II buoyancy of the water A I and II only A phloem tissues in the stem III dissolved gases in the water B I and III only B xylem tissues in the stem A I and II only C II and III only C strong bark of the stem B I and III only D I. II and III Structured Questions 1. Which of the following methods not supported by the turgidity of not supported by buoyancy of are used by plants with soft the cells in the plant? water? stems to obtain sunlight? A Balsam plant A Lotus C Hydrilla I Using stems to twine around a B Bean sprout B Bean sprout D Elodea support C Mustard II Using clasping roots to climb a D Hibiscus plant 19. Which of the following plants is 20. Figure 2 [2 marks] Name parts P. R and S. Figure 3 (a) Comparing set-up (A) and (B). the buoyancy of water. State the type of support used by the following plants.

Which of the following factors this? D High Large makes a racing car more stable A The bus becomes heavier. P. R C R. Q. Which of the following shapes Figure 1 shows correctly the centre of Trolley P is more stable than gravity of the object? trolley Q because it A C A is lighter 4.4. Q and C Friction between the bus and R which have the same base area. Which of the following conditions B has wider tyres is most likely to make an object C has a lower centre of gravity more stable? D is smaller Centre of Size of base B gravity D 2. D The centre of gravity of the bus Objective Questions is raised. (b) (i) How does the plant in Figure 4(B) obtain its support? [1 mark] (ii) Name two plants which have the same support system. Figure 2 shows objects P. P B P. Figure 4 shows two plants and their support systems. 1. Figure 1 shows a trolley P that is 3. Q D R. A C Figure 2 Which of the following sequence shows the stability of the objects. Which of the following statements explains C Low Small 7. 5. than an ordinary car? TG25 . (A) (B) [2 marks] Figure 4 (c) State one similarity and one difference between the characteristics of the plants in Figure 4(A) and (a) (i) How does the plant in Figure 4(A) obtain its Figure 4(B). [2 marks] CHAPTER 9 B The bus tilts to one side. Q. support? [1 mark] (ii) Name two plants which have the same [2 marks] support system. Q P Q 6. Which of the following objects is made from plastic and a trolley Q the most stable? that is made from steel. The passengers on the upper deck of a double-decker bus are A High Small not allowed to stand when the B Low Large bus is moving. from the least stable to the most stable? B D A P. Stability the road increases. R.

II and III D bringing the feet closer 15. How can a factory manufacturing C A boxer standing with his feet III the weight of the animal tables increase the stability of the apart A I and II only tables? D Increasing the base area of a B I and III only I Using shorter legs for the tables high stool C II and III only II Placing the legs further apart D I. (d) Why is a bicycle with four wheels more stable than a bicycle with two wheels? [1 mark] [1 mark] (b) How can a person crouching on a surfboard 2. What happens to the centre of gravity of a rowboat when some passengers stand up? A The centre of gravity is shifted board to the left or right. B The tyres of a racing car have III To reduce the weight of the II Two wheels are added to the very rough patterns. B The centre of gravity is raised. Object Reasons for stability (a) Retort stand [1 mark] (b) Tripod stand (c) What happens to the centre of gravity of a bicycle (c) Table fan if two wheels are attached to the back wheel of the bicycle? (d) Racing car (e) Double-decker bus [1 mark] [10 marks] TG26 . camel back wheel of a bicycle. II and IIII A I and II only increase stability? B I and III only A Placing a heavy load on the 12. A I and II only III An elderly man bending D The engine is lighter. II and III B A person climbing a slope I the centre of gravity of the animal with his body bent forward II the size of the animal 14. II and III III Using broader legs for the 9. Why does a camel usually lower Which of the following wooden blocks will topple first? its body and spread out its feet A P C R when loads are placed on its back? B Q D S Structured Questions 1. 10. II To increase the base area broad tyres. The stability of a land animal C II and III only roof of a bus does not depend on D I. The stability of an object depends A I and II only A using a lighter ski board on the base area of the object. What action is unlikely to D I. B I and III only B holding his body erect Which situation applies this C II and III only C bending the knees a little principle? D I. 8. (a) Define the centre of gravity. A person learning to ski can tables maintain his balance by 13. Figure 3 shows a board placed with four wooden blocks which is tilted slowly. P Q R S C The centre of gravity is shifted to the bow. B I and III only forward and holding a walking C II and III only stick. C The racing car is longer. Give two reasons to explain why the following objects increase his stability? are stable. Figure 3 11. A The centre of gravity of a I To lower the centre of gravity I A racing car is fixed with very racing car is lowered. D The centre of gravity is lowered.

Figure 6 shows the set-up of an experiment. Figure 1 shows a simple machine. (A) (B) Figure 4 Why is the turtle more stable than the giraffe? Figure 6 (a) What is the aim of the experiment? [2 marks] (b) Figure 5 shows a toy with a base made of lead. (a) Figure 4 shows a turtle and a giraffe. [1 mark] (d) State two conditions that can improve the stability of a car.3. What is the turning effect of a A Wheelbarrow force called? B Bottle-opener Figure1 A Fulcrum C Nutcracker Which of the following simple B Load D Pliers machines does not belong to the C Effort same class? TG27 . does not involve moment? C Newton A Closing a window D Joule B Loosening a nut C Pushing a trolley 5. (i) Manipulated variable : (ii) Responding variable : (iii) Constant variable : [3 marks] (c) Explain why block B topples over first. 4. What is the SI unit for the D Paper cutter moment of a force? Objective Questions A Newton meter 2. [2 marks] [2 marks] CHAPTER 10 A Bottle-opener D Moment B Stapler Simple Machine C Wheelbarrow 4. Figure 5 Explain why the toy does not topple over when pushed. [1 mark] (b) State the variables in the experiment. Which of the following activities B Metre 1. Which of the following simple D Turning a steering column machines belongs to the first class levers? 3.

which lever is not in A 30 g C 110 g equilibrium? B 55 g D 220 g Load (g) Distance of load Effort (g) Distance of effort 13. First class Second class Third class 0 10 20 50 80 100 cm A Scissors Bottle-opener Fishing rod B Nutcracker Pliers Ice tongs 330 g C Claw hammer Broom Paper cutter Figure 5 D Wheelbarrow Stapler Beam balance What is the weight of the uniform meter rule? 7. from fulcrum (cm) from fulcrum (cm) A 30 30 20 45 B 40 30 50 25 C 50 20 40 25 D 60 20 30 40 Figure 6 8. class as the wheelbarrow? I Ice tongs W X II Paper cutter III Bottle-opener W X A I and II only C II and III only B I and III only D I. spanner to remove a nut on a bolt? C The fulcrum is between the What is the reading of the spring A Less work is done load and the effort. Figure 4 shows the set-up of an Figure 7 C Effort Load Fulcrum experiment. Which of the following tools are correctly matched with the three classes of 12. Figure 5 shows a weight hung on levers? a meter ruler. Which of the following from brick X statements is true of the third III brick X is moved nearer to brick Y class levers? A I and II only C II and III only A Effort moves through a longer B I and III only D I. 10. Figure 6 shows a wheelbarrow. Based on the results of an experiment shown below. B 20 N D 40 N D Less turning effort is required TG28 .6. D Fulcrum Effort Load The plank will be more stable if I box P is placed over brick X II brick Y is moved further away 9. II and III Figure 2 Figure 3 14. A W×w=X×x P Q R B W×x=X×w P Q C W÷w=X÷x A Load Fulcrum Effort D W÷x=X÷w X Y B Fulcrum Load Effort 11. Figure 3 shows a lever in P Q R Which tool belongs to the same equilibrium. Figure 7 shows two boxes P and Which of the following labels are Q being balanced on a plank put Which equation is correct? correct? on two bricks X and Y. II and III distance than the load. balance if the lever is in equilibrium? B Less friction is present D A bigger effort is needed to A 15 N C 30 N C Less force needs to be exerted overcome the load. Why is it better to use a longer Figure 4 fulcrum and the effort. B The load is between the 15.

levers? [1 mark] (b) State two tools in your home which are in the same class as the lever shown. [4 marks] [2 marks] 2.Structured Questions 1. Figure 9 (a) What is the aim of the experiment? [1 mark] (b) What is the clockwise moment? [2 marks] (c) What is the anticlockwise moment? 3. (a) What is meant by the moment of a force? (a) (i) Name the class of lever shown. Figure 8 shows a man using a fishing rod. [2 marks] (d) What can you conclude from this experiment? [1 mark] (e) Where is the principle from the conclusion applied? Figure 8 [1 mark] TG29 . Figure 9 shows a wooden beam balanced by four similar wooden weights. [1 mark] [1 mark] (c) Give four examples of simple machines which (iii) What is the advantage of using this class of make use of the moment of a force. (a) What is a lever? 4. load (L) and force (E) needed to overcome the load in the following machines. [1 mark] (b) Indicate the relative positions of the fulcrum (F). [1 mark] [1 mark] (b) What does moment of force depend on? (ii) State one characteristic of this lever.

B 15. D 6. Venus fly trap and pitcher plant T : Have small stem. D 23. B upwards to obtain sunlight. (a) (i) The positions of the roots and shoots of the seedlings Starch (ii) The directions of growth of the roots and shoots of the seedlings Polypeptides (iii) Straight roots and shoots of the seedlings. D 13. D water containing minerals needed for their growth 13. R : Produce seeds with two cotyledons each (c) It helps the plant to climb up support. D 3. C 2. B 14. 5. C 7. B 18. A 5.CHAPTER 1 CHAPTER 2 Objective Questions Objective Questions 1. A 10. and minerals (any II : Dermis arrangement) (b) P : Pain receptor (b) (i) Bread/rice/mee/cereals/cake Q : Cold receptor (ii) Bananas/milk/liver/seafood/cheese R : Hot receptor (c) Carbohydrates and fats S : Pressure receptor (d) (i) To repair damaged tissues/For growth of new cells T : Touch receptor (ii) Needed in small quantities to maintain good health (c) (i) The thickness of the epidermis (iii) To prevent constipation (ii) The number of receptors present (e) VItamin E 2. A 9. D 20. C 19. C 14. (d) (i) Blood (ii) The Eustachian tube helps to balance the air pressure (ii) Small intestine on both sides of the eardrum. B 8. C 7. A 9. formed. D 4. A 14. D Structured Questions Structured Questions 1. A 6. A 17. D 15. D 12. (a) (i) Short-sightedness Substrate Product organ liquid (ii) The lens is too thin or the eyeball is too long. fats. B 2. (a) P : Reproduce by spores growing in sori support. A 18. C 3. B 8. A 13. C 21. C 10. (a) To show the action of the enzyme in saliva on starch Q : Eardrum (b) Starch test Glucose test R : Ossicles S : Cochlea No change. A 10. 4. the tendril is twining round the 1. presence of Lipase Fatty acids and glycerol water. B 19. D 22. B 16 D (d) (i) Negative geotropism 17. B 2. C 1. D 17. A (ii) This response of the shoots enables plants to grow 21. (a) P : Auditory canal 2. C 20. D 3. B 11. 3. C (c) (i) Positive geotropism 5. Digestive Enzyme/ 3. D 4. C 12. C 16. D 15. B 20. (a) I : Epidermis 1. A 12. C 8. A (ii) This response of the roots enables plants to obtain 9. (b) Sound waves → pinna (ear lobe) → auditory canal → eardrum → ossicles → oval window → cochlea → auditory (c) (i) No starch present nerve → brain (ii) Glucose present (c) (i) The semicircular canals help the body to balance. B 7. leaves but no roots TG30 . D 19. D 4. (a) Figure 10(A) shows the tendril of the plant touching the Structured Questions support and in Figure 10(B). S : Reproduce by seeds in the cones (d) Mimosa pudica. (a) K/L/M: Carbohydrates. D 11. Water A brick-red precipitate is T : Auditory nerve remains brown. A 6. B 11. B 18. (b) (i) Concave lens Amylase (ii) The concave lens diverges the light rays to focus them Stomach Proteins on the retina. B 5. absence of light (b) Fats moist cotton shoot CHAPTER 3 root Objective Questions 1. C 16. Q: Produce seeds with one cotyledon each (b) The tendril of the plant responses to touch.

C 8. C 15. B 19. C 4. (a) Timber. (a) Photosynthesis water TG31 . Reproduce by Reproduce Have fibrous Have tap 4. C (b) Limpet 16. Conifers Monocotyledons Dicotyledons (c) (i) Presence of light. B 13. 2. orang utan. D 17. (ii) To release carbon dioxide into the bell jar. B of animals and plants 6. D 13. C 9. (a) The feeding relationship that is made up of two or more (d) Size of solute. The leaf from set B turns blue black when tested with iodine solution. The leaf from set A remains brown when tested with iodine The veins are parallel The veins form a network solution.03% (c) K: Burning Fibrous root system Tap root system L: Photosynthesis M: Death and decay (e) (i) Fossil fuel (ii) It is burned to provide energy to run factories. D 3. A (ii) Seaweed → limpet → crabs → seagull 11. rat (c) (i) Purple (iii) Frog. A 19. C 20. A 12. volume of solvent and rate of stirring interconnecting food chains. (a) 80 g (e) The population of seaweed will increase but the number of (b) Sodium chloride crabs will drop. C 18. and to move cars. B 18. D 3. B 12. B 2. A 7. D 20. D 14. C 9. (d) (i) Enforcing the Wildlife Protection Act and National CHAPTER 4 Forestry Act (ii) Replanting trees that were chopped down Objective Questions (iii) Constructing breeding centers for endangered species 1. (b) (b) P : Sunlight Plants P. D 11. B Objective Questions Structured Questions 1. S and T Q : Carbon dioxide R : Water Non-flowering plants Flowering plants (c) Glucose and oxygen (d) The gas given off relights a glowing splinter. charcoal environment. rattan environment in their original and balanced state. (f) Carbon dioxide is needed for photosynthesis. A 4. B 7. 5. (b) Fruits. B 8. D 10. A 2. A (c) Sunlight Structured Questions (d) (i) Respiration (ii) Radiation 1. R. and hornbill. A 17. C 15. (a) This is due to illegal logging and land clearing. B 5. D CHAPTER 5 16. chlorophyll and water Have Have (ii) Presence of carbon dioxide roots no roots (iii) Presence of starch in the leaf Ferns Mosses (d) (i) To absorb carbon dioxide from the air in the bell jar. C 5. grasshopper. B 14. (a) Photosynthesis seeds in cones by spores roots roots (b) Carbon dioxide is required for photosynthesis. 6. Monocotyledon Dicotyledon (e) Iodine solution is used to test for starch. (b) The Borneo pygmy elephant. eagle (ii) Green (iv) Eagle (iii) Yellow (c) Three (d) Salt and water (d) The flow of energy between the organisms (e) Hydrochloric acid + sodium hydroxide → sodium chloride + 3. (a) To neutralise an alkali with an acid (b) (i) Paddy plant (b) Titration (ii) Caterpillar. D 10. Q. vegetables (ii) The intelligent and systematic use of resources without (c) Quinine. (a) (i) Seashore ecosystem 6. herbs bringing any harm to the living things in the (d) Firewood. buses and lorries. (a) Carbon cycle (b) 0. (c) 25 ºC 2. sparrow. D 1. (c) (i) The measures taken to keep living things and the 3.

1. Parts Name Function (b) (i) The air column in the cylinder is reduced and the piston moves downwards. A 12. P Skull Protects the brain (ii) When the volume of the air inside an enclosed container is reduced. B 7. 16. (a) Tendrils (d) Prop roots This causes the air pressure to rise. (a) Gravitational (c) When the exposed surface area is large. C 9. A 9. A 20. D 10. C 14. D 2. B 20. D 5. C 8s 11. D 5. A 3. D 14. Objective Questions (ii) When the rubber sheet is pulled downwards. movement (ii) Frictional force causes the ping-pong ball to stop. This causes Q Ribs Protects organs like the heart and the the air pressure to increase. D 9. C S Chlorination To kill microorganisms present in the 11. (a) (i) Surface area of water exposed (ii) Rate of water evaporation 1. B 7. D water 16. A 12. C 13. 3. C 14. A 15. C 3. R Backbone Supports the upper part of the body (ii) When the air inside the bell jar is sucked out. D R Filtration To filter suspended particles 6. (d) Push (d) The larger the surface area exposed. A 18. (ii) The air pressure inside the bottle and the bell jar Process Name of process Purpose of process become the same again. D (b) (i) Air leaves the balloons and the balloons contract. the 1. P Coagulation To coagulate suspended particles CHAPTER 7 Q Sedimentation To allow suspended particles to settle to the bottom Objective Questions 1. B 4. C Structured Questions 4. will force the balloon to expand until it bursts. C 5. D 15. D pressure outside the bell jar rushes into the balloons. B 18. the air is compressed. (f) Electrostatic (e) Spreading wet clothes on the clothes line and the evaporation 3. C 8. D 12. (b) (i) The balloon returns to its original size. air (b) (i) The ping-pong ball eventually stops. the volume of the air inside the bell jar decreases. temperature of surroundings. C 10. B 7. D = 12. The air pressure inside the bottle is higher and rushes inside the balloon causing it to expand. (ii) Friction in the brakes slows down or stops a car. D 17. (b) The filter paper that is unfolded dries faster. B 18. (a) (i) Types of surfaces Structured Questions (ii) The weights required to move the wooden blocks (iii) Identical wooden blocks 1. B 15. B This causes the air pressure to fall. (a) (i) Air from outside the bell jar enters the balloons and the balloons expand. B 13. C 19. B 4. the beaker. C 17. block Q rests on a piece of sandpaper. it allows more (b) Frictional water molecules to escape (evaporate) from the wet filter (c) Magnetic paper. D 4. (c) Clasping roots (f) Buttress roots 3. Structured Questions (ii) When the rubber sheet is pushed upwards. the greater the rate of (e) Pull evaporation. B 17. S Pelvic girdle Supports the weight of the body TG32 . The air pressure in the balloon. (b) The atmospheric pressure acting downwards on the water (c) Wooden block Q surface of the basin prevents the water from falling out of (d) A rough surface causes greater friction than a smooth surface. A 8. CHAPTER 8 2. A 13. D 2. B 19. the and protects the spinal cord pressure drops. which is greater.5 W 16. (a) The weight of the object = 5 kg × 10 of sea water in large shallow ponds to obtain salt = 50 N (b) Work done = 50 N × 2 m CHAPTER 6 = 100 J Work done Objective Questions (c) Power = ––––––––– Time 1. D 19. 2. The higher air (b) Water buoyancy (e) Twining stems pressure pushes air out of the balloons. (a) The air pressure outside the tin stops the liquid from flowing (b) Wooden block P rests on a smooth glass sheet but wooden out of the can. C 8. A 3. (iii) Humidity of air. (a) The ping-pong ball moves in the direction of the air blown. (e) (i) Car tyres have rough surfaces. B 100 J = –––– 6. (c) Air becomes thinner at high altitudes and has less pressure. A volume of the air inside the bell jar increases. lungs 4. (a) (i) The balloon inside the bell jar expands. A 4. 6. The higher air 11. D 10. C 2. B 20. (a) The air pressure inside the cylinder 2.

(a) The moment of a force is the turning effect of a force. (b) The broom and ice tongs 4. (a) To show the relationship between the moment of a force stability of an object and the product of force and distance. 6. 11. CHAPTER 10 (b) The stem is too soft. (a) To show that the position of the centre of gravity affects the 4. The plant in (b) The moment of a force depends on the force applied and (B) is supported by water but the plant in (A) is not. (a) Wide and heavy base (b) Wide base area and shorter legs (c) Wide and heavy base (d) Lower centre of gravity and tyres far apart (e) Luggage compartment for a heavy base and more passenger seats in the lower deck F 3. F E (c) The position of the centre of gravity remains the same. (a) (i) The tendrils of the plant twine round structures for 6. (a) The plant is supported by water. D 15. paper cutter. C 14. B 5. D 14. hammer 2. Objective Questions (d) Elodea and water lily 1. F : fulcrum The turtle is shorter compared to the giraffe. L : load (b) The base of the toy is heavier than the top section of the toy. Its centre of E : effort (force) gravity is therefore much lower. ice tongs. (c) Both plants have soft and non-woody stems. C Structured Questions L F 1. 3. B 2. (d) The base area of a bicycle with four wheels is larger and E therefore it is more stable. D 4. (a) A lever is a simple machine which turns about a fixed point Objective Questions called the fulcrum when a force is applied to overcome 1. B E 11. A 12. C (ii) Cucumber and bitter gourd Structured Questions (b) (i) It is supported by water buoyancy. C 2. C another force known as the load. D 10. (d) A car can be made more stable by having a lower centre of (e) It is applied in levers. D 3. the anticlockwise moment. A 9. the object does movement of the load. (ii) Lotus and Elodea 1. TG33 . B 9. A 7. E (b) By lowering his centre of gravity and therefore. B 12. (b) (i) The position of the centre of gravity (b) Clockwise moment = force x distance = 4 x 1 = 4 (ii) The stability of the objects (c) Anticlockwise moment = force x distance = 1 x 4 = 4 (iii) The base area of the objects (d) When the lever is balanced. B 8. (c) The plant has a soft and hollow stem. C 13. D 4. 3. 2. C 10. the heavy base balances this force and (ii) The effort distance is always shorter than the load makes sure that the centre of gravity of the toy falls within distance. gravity and a larger base area. the clockwise moment equals (c) Block B topples first because its centre of gravity is higher. the base area of the toy. When the centre of gravity of an (iii) A small movement of the effort can produce a large object is inside the base area of the object. (a) (i) Third class lever When it is pushed. C 13. A 15. A 5. D 4. becoming more stable on the surfboard. the perpendicular distance from the line of action of the force to the fulcrum. B 7. CHAPTER 9 (c) Scissors. (a) The feet of the turtle are by the sides of the body which L increases the base area. not topple over. A support. (a) The centre of gravity of an object is the point at which the L force of gravity acts on that object. C 3. A 8.