Muscle Origin Insertion Action Innervation

Leg, Ankle and Foot
Anterior Fascial Compartment
Tibialis Anterior Lateral surface of Base of 1st MT & Ankle joint DF DPN
shaft of tibia & IM med cuneiform Transverse Tarsal &
subtalar joint
Extensor Ant surface of Extensor DF + Ext of lateral four DPN
Digitorum Longus shaft of fibula expansion of lat toes
four toes
Peroneus Tertius ““ Base of 5th MT DF + Eversion DPN
Extensor Hallucis ““ Base of distal DF + Inversion + Big DPN
Longus phalanx of hallux toe ext
Extensor Calcaneum Proximal phalanx Ext of medial four DPN
Digitorum Brevis of 1st-4th toes toes
Lateral Fascial Compartment
Peroneus Longus Lat surface of Base of 1st MT PF + eversion SPN
shaft of fibula bone & medial
Peroneus Brevis Lateral surface of Base of 5th mt PF + eversion SPN
shaft of fibula
Posterior Fascial Compartment (superficial group)
Gastrocnemius Lat head: lateral Via Achilles Knee flex + ankle PF TN
femoral condyle tendon into post
Medial head: surface of
above medial fem calcaneum
Plantaris Lateral Posterior surface Knee flexion + ankle TN
supracondylar of calcaneum PF
ridge of femur
Soleus Posterior surface Via Achilles Ankle PF TN
of shafts of tendon into
tibia(soleal line) calcaneum
& fibula
Posterior Fascial Compartment (deep group)
Popliteus Lateral surface of Post surface of Unlocks the knee TN
lateral femoral shaft of tibia Knee flexion + IR
condyle/ Lateral above soleal line
Flexor Digitorum Posterior surface Base of distal Ankle PF + lateral four TN
Longus of shaft of tibia phalanges of lat toes flexion
four toes
Flexor Hallucis Post surface of Base of distal Ankle PF + foot TN
Longus shaft of fibula phalanx of great inversion
Tibialis Posterior Post surface of Navicular Ankle PF + inversion TN

iliac crest. cuboid. lower 3 ribs Bilat: Trunk flexion ilioinguinal nn ligament) and costal as above . linea rotation iliohypogastric & 2/3 of inguinal alba. assists in forced expiration. shafts of tibia and tuberosity & surr. fibula Bones (cuneiforms. Bilat: Trunk Flexion ilioinguinal nn pubic tubercle & supports abdominal crest) contents. parturion &vomiting Internal Oblique LIL (lumbar fascia. defecation. bases of 2nd-4th MT) Thorax Diaphragm Xiphoid process. first 3 increase the vertical lumbar vertebrae diameter of the thorax used in abdominal straining & weight lifting External Inferior border of Superior border W/ 1st rib fixed. process. C5. below Thoracic Spinal T11) NN Serratus Posterior Lower Cervical Upper Ribs Elevates the ribs Intercostal Nerves Superior and Upper thoracic spines Serratus Posterior Lower thoracic & Lower Ribs Depresses the ribs Intercostal Nerves Inferior Upper lumbar spines Muscles of the Anterior Abdominal Wall External Oblique Lower 8 ribs XLIPP (xiphoid Unilat: I/L lateral T7-T12 nn. Central Tendon Pulls down its Phrenic (C4. lower ribs during expiration Innermost Adjacent ribs Adjacent ribs Assists ext & int Intercostal nerves Intercostal intercostal mm Levatores Transverse Rib below Raises the rib Posterior Rami of Costarum Processes (C7. iliac crest. XLLS (Xiphoid Unilat: I/L lat flex & T7-T12 nn. Intercostal nerves Intercostal rib of the rib below raise ribs during inspiration & increase AP & lat diameter of thorax Internal Inferior border of Superior border W/ 12th rib fixed by Intercostal nerves Intercostal rib of the rib below abdominal mm. lower 6 costal central tendon and C6) cartilages. linea Flex and C/L Rotation iliohypogastric & alba. lateral process.micturition.

linea abdominal contents iliohypogastric & cartilages. cartilages & (abdominal symphysis pubis) contens. walls of anorectal junction & pudendal nn internus. Abdominis lower 6 costal process. Tenses the linea T12 nn alba Muscles of the Posterior Abdominal Wall Quadratus TII (Tips of T.etc. lateral 1/3 pubis) rotation of inguinal lig) For lumbar stability (pts w/ LBP) Rectus Abdominis Symphysis Pubis Xiphoid process Bilat: Trunk Flexion T7-T12 nn & pibuic crest & 5th-7th costal compresses abd. scarum.) Transversus ILLL (iliac crest. Iliacus Iliac Fossa Lesser troch Thigh flexion Femoral Nerve CKC: trunk flex Pelvic Floor Muscles Levator Ani Body of pubis. sphincter to S4. S4 and obturator body. lumbar alba & symphysis and helps in trunk ilioinguinal nn fascia. coccyx support pelvic viscera. iliolumbar during forced nerves L1-L3 or lig.sir). cartilages contents Pyramidalis . vagina (Snell) ischium rectum & anal canal Coccygeus Spine of ischium Lower end of Assists levator ani to Pudendal (S3-S4. Perineal body. Lesser troch Thigh Flexion Lumbar Plexus bodies & IVD of CKC: Trunk flexion (L1-L3. spine of prostate. S4-S5 (snell) flexes coccyx PelvicWall Muscles Obturator Inner surface of Greater Hip ER Nerve to Internus Obturator Trochanter Obturator membrane & surr Internus bones Piriformis Ant surface of Greater Hip ER Nerve to sacrum trochanter Piriformis . Supports pelvic Pudendal (S3- fascia of anococcygeal viscera. sir). 12th rib Fixes 12th rib during Thoracic spinal Lumborum processes of inspiration nerves T12 & lower lumbar Depresses 12th rib lumbar spinal vert. .Snell) 12th thoracic and 5 lumbar vert. iliac crest) expiration L1-L4 (tortora) Unilat: I/L lat flex & hip hike Bilat: Trunk extension Psoas T processes. vagina. . XLS (xiphoid Compresses the T7-T12 nn.