Design of Module Cleaning System

Project: 8MW Solar Power Project, Thimmajipet, Prepared Review Approved Rev Date
Telangana SK VS GSW 0 31.05.2016

Prepared by:
Gensol Consultants Pvt Ltd,
108, Pinnacle Business Park,
Corporate Road, Prahladnagar,
Ahmedabad, Gujarat-380015
Design of Module Cleaning System pipeline & Pump Selection

Water requirement calculation (Tank- 3&4)
1 Total Modules Available at site 16040 No's
2 Appr. No of Modules to be cleaned per day 1100 No's
3 (Considering 15 days cycle i.e. 2 times per month)
4 Water required for cleaning one module 2.5 Ltrs
5 Cleaning duration per Day 4 Hours
6 Water required for cleaning modules per day 2750 Ltrs
8 Water Required for O & M Staff 750 Ltrs
9 Total Water Requirement 3500 Ltrs
10 Water required for cleaning modules per hour 875 Ltrs/hour
11 Considering 30% as margin 1137.5 Ltrs/hour
12 Maximum requirement of water/day 4550 Ltrs/day
13 Considering 1 day autonomy 4550 Ltrs/day
14 Total Water Requirement for water storage sump 9100 Ltrs/day
15 Required Water Storage capacity (Rounded off) 10000 Ltrs
16 Total No of Nozzle considered be opened at any given Point 4 No's
Main pipe sizing
1 Pipe location Main
2 Probable demand corresponding to loading units in TPH (Q) 1.1375 m3/hour Dia 32mm
3 Pipe length in mtr 560 m
4 Pipe Outer Dia 33.4 mm (UPVC)
5 Assumed pipe inner dia in mm. 25 mm
6 Assumed equivalent length of fittings as % of col 3 25%
7 Equivalent length of fitting col3 x col. 5 140 m
8 Total length col 3 + col 6 700 m
9 Head loss in pipe m per m 0.035 m
10 Additional Head Loss Due to Ground Level Difference 5.00
11 Head loss in pipe in m col. 8 X col. 7 29.27 m
12 Velocity in pie V= Q/A 0.64 m/s

Distribution pipe sizing
1 Pipe location Distribution
3
2 Probable demand corresponding to loading units in TPH (Q) 1.1375 m /hour
3 Pipe length in mtr 1870 m
4 Pipe Outer Dia 26.67 mm
5 Assumed pipe dia in mm. 20 mm
6 Assumed equivalent length of fittings as % of col 3 25 %
7 Equivalent length of fittings col 3 X col. 5 467.50 m
8 Total length col 3 + col 6 2337.50 m
9 Head loss in pipe m per m 0.0476 m
10 Head loss in pipe in m col. 8 X col. 7 111.27 m
11 Velocity in pie V= Q/A 1.01 m/s

Pump Selection / Sizing
1 Water flow 1.1375 m3/hour
2 Pipe OD As per IS‐1239 33.4 mm
3 Selected Pipe Thickness 4.55 mm
4 Pipe ID 25 mm
5 Specific volume at 32 Deg.C 0.001
6 Average Velocity in pipe 0.82 m/s
7 Viscosity (m) at 32 Deg.C 0.01 x 10-4
8 Reynolds number (Re) (rvd/m) 20618.30
9 Roughness Co‐efficient (K) (for CPVC pipe) 0.0015
10 Pipe ID / Roughness (ID / K) 16666.667
11 Friction factor (f) (From Moody's chart) 0.02
12 Straight pipe length (l) 560 m
13 Pressure drop in straight pipe length (flv2/2gd) 62.125
Design of Module Cleaning System pipeline & Pump Selection

Details of fitting
a Non Return Valve 2 Nos
b Gate Valve 2 Nos
c Elbow 19 Nos
d Concentric reducer 0 Nos
e Exit loss 0 Nos
f Tee working 12 Nos
g Pressure tappings 0 Nos
h Tee not working 0 Nos
i Ball Valve 48 Nos
j Y bend 2 Nos
Resistance coefficient (K Value) for fittings
a For Non Return Valve 3.4
b For Ball Valve 0.5
c 90 Deg.Elbow 1.6
d For concentric reducer 0.7
e For exit loss 0.78
f For Tee working 2
g For pressure tappings 0.1
h For Tee not working 0.4
i Gate Valve 0.3
Total K" value for fittings "
a For Non return valve 6.8
b For Ball Valve 24
c 90 Deg.Elbow 30.4
d For concentric reducer 0
e For exit loss 0
f For Tee working 24
g For pressure tappings 0
h For Tee not working 0
I Gate Valve 0.6
TOTAL k" VALUE " 85.8

Pressure drop in fitting (KV2/2g) 2.97
Total pressure drop in piping & fiting 65.10
Max. Static Height (Assumed) 10.00
Pressure required at terminal point (Considering 150 kN/M2) 15.0
Total pump discharge head 93.07
Considering 10% margin on total head 102.38
Pump Capacity (P=WQH) 677.94 w
Assuming the Efficiency of pump is 50% 50%
Total Pump Capacity Required 1355.8847 w 1.82 hp

Provide 2 hp Horizontal Pump
Design of Module Cleaning System pipeline & Pump Selection

Water requirement calculation (Tank- 1&2)
1 Total Modules Available at site 13200 No's
2 Appr. No of Modules to be cleaned per day 1000 No's
3 (Considering 15 days cycle i.e. 2 times per month)
4 Water required for cleaning one module 2.5 Ltrs
5 Cleaning duration per Day 4 Hours
6 Water required for cleaning modules per day 2500 Ltrs
8 Water Required for O & M Staff 750 Ltrs
9 Total Water Requirement 3250 Ltrs
10 Water required for cleaning modules per hour 812.5 Ltrs/hour
11 Considering 30% as margin 1056.25 Ltrs/hour
12 Maximum requirement of water/day 4225 Ltrs/day
13 Considering 1 day autonomy 4225 Ltrs/day
14 Total Water Requirement for water storage sump 8450 Ltrs/day
15 Required Water Storage capacity (Rounded off) 10000 Ltrs
16 Total No of Nozzle considered be opened at any given Point 4 No's
Main pipe sizing
1 Pipe location Main
2 Probable demand corresponding to loading units in TPH (Q) 1.05625 m3/hour Dia 32mm
3 Pipe length in mtr 446 m
4 Pipe Outer Dia 33.4 mm (UPVC)
5 Assumed pipe inner dia in mm. 25 mm
6 Assumed equivalent length of fittings as % of col 3 25%
7 Equivalent length of fitting col3 x col. 5 111.5 m
8 Total length col 3 + col 6 557.5 m
9 Head loss in pipe m per m 0.035 m
10 Additional Head Loss Due to Ground Level Difference 5.00
11 Head loss in pipe in m col. 8 X col. 7 24.33 m
12 Velocity in pie V= Q/A 0.60 m/s

Distribution pipe sizing
1 Pipe location Distribution
3
2 Probable demand corresponding to loading units in TPH (Q) 1.05625 m /hour
3 Pipe length in mtr 1595 m
4 Pipe Outer Dia 26.67 mm
5 Assumed pipe dia in mm. 20 mm
6 Assumed equivalent length of fittings as % of col 3 25 %
7 Equivalent length of fittings col 3 X col. 5 398.75 m
8 Total length col 3 + col 6 1993.75 m
9 Head loss in pipe m per m 0.0476 m
10 Head loss in pipe in m col. 8 X col. 7 94.91 m
11 Velocity in pie V= Q/A 0.93 m/s

Pump Selection / Sizing
1 Water flow 1.05625 m3/hour
2 Pipe OD As per IS‐1239 33.4 mm
3 Selected Pipe Thickness 4.55 mm
4 Pipe ID 25 mm
5 Specific volume at 32 Deg.C 0.001
6 Average Velocity in pipe 0.77 m/s
7 Viscosity (m) at 32 Deg.C 0.01 x 10-4
8 Reynolds number (Re) (rvd/m) 19145.57
9 Roughness Co‐efficient (K) (for CPVC pipe) 0.0015
10 Pipe ID / Roughness (ID / K) 16666.667
11 Friction factor (f) (From Moody's chart) 0.02
12 Straight pipe length (l) 446 m
13 Pressure drop in straight pipe length (flv2/2gd) 42.662
Design of Module Cleaning System pipeline & Pump Selection

Details of fitting
a Non Return Valve 2 Nos
b Gate Valve 2 Nos
c Elbow 17 Nos
d Concentric reducer 0 Nos
e Exit loss 0 Nos
f Tee working 14 Nos
g Pressure tappings 0 Nos
h Tee not working 0 Nos
i Ball Valve 42 Nos
j Y bend 2 Nos
Resistance coefficient (K Value) for fittings
a For Non Return Valve 3.4
b For Ball Valve 0.5
c 90 Deg.Elbow 1.6
d For concentric reducer 0.7
e For exit loss 0.78
f For Tee working 2
g For pressure tappings 0.1
h For Tee not working 0.4
i Gate Valve 0.3
Total K" value for fittings "
a For Non return valve 6.8
b For Ball Valve 21
c 90 Deg.Elbow 27.2
d For concentric reducer 0
e For exit loss 0
f For Tee working 28
g For pressure tappings 0
h For Tee not working 0
I Gate Valve 0.6
TOTAL k" VALUE " 83.6

Pressure drop in fitting (KV2/2g) 2.50
Total pressure drop in piping & fiting 45.16
Max. Static Height (Assumed) 10.00
Pressure required at terminal point (Considering 150 kN/M2) 15.0
Total pump discharge head 72.66
Considering 10% margin on total head 79.93
Pump Capacity (P=WQH) 529.25 w
Assuming the Efficiency of pump is 50% 50%
Total Pump Capacity Required 1058.501 w 1.42 hp

Provide 2 hp Horizontal Pump

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