One important linear algebra application is the resolution of electrical circuits.

We can describe
this type of circuits with linear equations, and then we can solve the linear system using Matlab.

For example, let's examine the following electrical circuit (resistors are in ohms, currents in
amperes, and voltages are in volts):

We can describe the circuit with the following system of linear equations:

7 - 1(i1 - i2) - 6 - 2(i1 - i3) = 0
-1(i2 - i1) - 2(i2) - 3(i2 - i3) = 0
6 - 3(i3 - i2) - 1(i3) - 2(i3 - i1) = 0

Simplifying and rearranging the equations, we obtain:

-3i1 + i2 + 2i3 = -1
i1 - 6i2 + 3i3 = 0
2i1 + 3i2 - 6i3 = -6

This system can be described with matrices in the form Ax = b, where A is the matrix of the
coefficients of the currents, x is the vector of unknown currents, and b is the vector of constants on
the right of the equalities.

One possible Matlab code to solve this is:

A = [-3 1 2
1 -6 3
2 3 -6];

b = [-1 0 -6]';

i = A\b

0000 This means that i1 = 3. .The Matlab answer is: i= 3. i2 = 2.0000 3. and i3 = 3.0000 2.