LECTURE NOTES 03.

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Internal Combustion Air Intake System of Diesel Engine Edi Haryono, ST, MT.
Engine

 The drawing below shows the typical Turbo/Intercooler live-circle. Please
note that there are no fuel parts necessary to understand the principle.

Fig. 1. Air intake system with Turbocharge

 So, how does the thing work?
 The engine's cylinder exhaust gases travel out of the exhaust valves
to the Turbo.
 The gases speed then drives the large Turbine Wheel and leaves the
circle through the cats and the exhaust.
 On the same axle as the gas-driven Turbine Wheel sits the
Compressor Wheel (the axle is lubed by the engine's oil).
 This smaller but more tricky wheel has the same rpm as the Turbine
Wheel and compresses the filtered and measured air.
 Compressing anything increases its temperature and therefore the
compressed air has to be cooled down.
 For this we let the air travel through an Intercooler. This reduces the
air temperature before going back into the engine.

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With this the optimal amout if air/fuel ratio for the current ambient is determined and the engine runs in its parameters Fig. the air is sucked or bubbled through a housing that holds a bath of oil such that the dirt in the air is removed by the oil in the filter. Wet Filter Intake System In this system. Engine  Why do we need an Intercooler? Each engine has an optimal temperature operating range. the engine computers also measure barometric pressure.1 Internal Combustion Air Intake System of Diesel Engine Edi Haryono. Air intake system with Boost controller  Air Intake System divided into two types: 1. ST.LECTURE NOTES 03. The air then flows through a screen type 2 . air temperature and amount of air the engine sucks in. MT. 2. As our different ambients can vary sooo much.

Wet filter air intake system 2. Dry filter air intake systems 3 . 3. torque and better fuel economy.1 Internal Combustion Air Intake System of Diesel Engine Edi Haryono. They allow maximum cold air flow which ensures more horsepower. Fig. Engine material to ensure any entrained oil is removed from the air. Fig. The picture describe the mechanism of wet filter intake system. 4. Dry filter air intake systems are designed to trap dust. ST. dirt and other debris. MT.LECTURE NOTES 03. ensuring that even the finest dust particles don't enter your engine.

ST.LECTURE NOTES 03. 5. 4 . A wastegate divided into two types: 1. Fig. Engine  Wastegate: A wastegate is a valve that diverts exhaust gases away from the turbine wheel in a turbocharged engine system.1 Internal Combustion Air Intake System of Diesel Engine Edi Haryono. An external wastegate is a separate self-contained mechanism typically used with turbochargers that do not have internal wastegates. An internal wastegate is a built-in bypass valve and passage within the turbocharger housing which allows excess boost pressure to dump into the downstream exhaust. MT. An external wastegate 2.

MT. ST. An internal wastegate 5 .1 Internal Combustion Air Intake System of Diesel Engine Edi Haryono. Engine Fig.LECTURE NOTES 03. 6.