Soil mechanics and Foundation Engineering

Tutorial 2 : Particle Size Analysis
1. Determine the times (?) required for particles of diameters 0.2, 0.02, 0.01 and 0.005 mm to fall a
depth of 10 cm from the surface in water.
Given: \JL = 8.15 x 10~3 poises, G = 2.65. (Note: 1 poise = 10~3 gm-sec/cm2).

2. A sedimentation analysis by the hydrometer method (152 H) was conducted with 50 g (=
A/s)of
oven dried soil. The volume of soil suspension is V = 103 cm3. The hydrometer reading Ra = 19.50
after a lapse of 60 minutes after the commencement of the test.
Given: Cm (meniscus) = 0.52, L (effective) = 14.0 cm, Co (zero correction) = +2.50, Gs = 2.70
and [i = 0.01 poise.
Calculate the smallest particle size, which would have settled a depth of 14.0 cm and the
percentage finer than this size. Temperature of test = 25° C. ( take temp. correction @25° C = +1.3

3. A 500 g sample of dry soil was used for a combined sieve and hydrometer analysis (152 H type
hydrometer). The soil mass passing through the 75 fi sieve = 120 g. Hydrometer analysis was
carried out on a mass of 40 g that passed through the 75 (Ji sieve. The average temperature recorded
during the test was 30°C.
Given: Gs = 2.55, Cm (meniscus) = 0.50, Co = +2.5, n = 8.15 x 10~3 poises.
The actual hydrometer reading Ra = 15.00 after a lapse of 120 min after the start of the test.
Determine the particle size D and percent finer P'% and P%.

3. 500 g of dry soil was used for a sieve analysis. The masses of soil retained on each sieve are given
below:

Plot a grain size distribution curve and compute the following:
(a) Percentages of gravel, coarse sand, medium sand, fine sand and silt, as per the Unified
Soil Classification System, (b) uniformity coefficient (c) coefficient of curvature.
Comment on the type of soil.

4. Results obtained from the sieve analysis of a sand sample are given below. Determine the effective
size and uniformity coefficient of the sand by suitably plotting the results . ESE 1998 ,
{ Ans :D10=0.168, Cu=2.08 }

Sl.no Mesh opening in mm Weight retained in grams

1 2.4 0.0
2 1.2 0.0
3 0.6 30.0
4 0.3 215.0
5 0.15 225.0
6 0.075 25.0
7 Pan at the bottom 0.5

5.

s ilt.2 cm at 60 minutes after the start of sedimentation.'7. W hat is the diameter D of the smallest-sizep articlest hat have settled beyond the zone of measurement at that time (that is. r : 60 min) /. : 9. A hydromcter test hast he following results:G .s and. b. : 2. and clay: a. Draw the 1. 6. According to the AASHTO system . and l. Thc particle-sizec haracteristicso f a soil are given in this table. par t icle-sized ist r ibut ionc urvc 2. tempcrature of water : 24"C. Determinc the percentageso f gravel. According to the USC system. 7. 1. 6.

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