# MECHANICAL DESIGN CALCULATION Circumferential Membrane Stress

PROJECT: * σ2 = 0.13 * β * P * R⁰˙⁷⁵ * ( 0.5 * w )ˉ¹˙⁵ * tˉ¹˙²⁵
Insert logo here DOCUMENT NO: * = 0.153 * 1.348³ * 65212 * 298.65⁰˙²⁵ * ( 0.5 * 160 )ˉ⁰˙⁵ * 12.3ˉ¹˙²⁵
REVISION: * = 49.8 MPa
ORIGINAL DATE: *
Circumferential Bending Stress

TITLE: PIPING STRESS ANALYSIS - CONTACT & SADDLE INDUCED STRESS σ3 = 1.56 * βˉ¹ * P * R⁰˙²⁵ * ( 0.5 * w )ˉ⁰˙⁵ * tˉ¹˙⁷⁵
= 1.56 * 1.348ˉ¹ * 65212 * 298.65⁰˙²⁵ * ( 0.5 * 160 )ˉ⁰˙⁵ * 12.3ˉ¹˙⁷⁵
GIVEN = 434.1 MPa

Nominal Pipe Diameter DN = DN 600 ( Other, AN, Title of Reference, Publication, 20XX )
Schedule of Pipe SCH = SCH 40 ( Other, AN, Title of Reference, Publication, 20XX ) DETERMINE THE SADDLE SUPPORT STRESS
Corrosion Allowance c = 3 mm ( Other, AN, Title of Reference, Publication, 20XX )
Mill Under Tolerances cm = 0.125 ( Other, AN, Title of Reference, Publication, 20XX ) 'k' Co-efficient Circumferential Bending Stress
Density of Fluid Contents ρf = 1800 kg / m³ ( Other, AN, Title of Reference, Publication, 20XX )
Density of Pipe Material ρp = 7850 kg / m³ ( Other, AN, Title of Reference, Publication, 20XX ) k = 0.02 - 0.00012 * ( θ - 90 ) σ4 = k * ( P / t² ) * ln( R / t )
Distance Between Pipe Supports L = 10 m ( Other, AN, Title of Reference, Publication, 20XX ) = 0.02 - 0.00012 * ( 90 - 90 ) = 0.02 * ( 65212 / 12.3² ) * ln( 298.65 / 12.3 )
Nominal Added Mass Along Pipe Length m = 0 kg ( Other, AN, Title of Reference, Publication, 20XX ) = 0.02 = 27.5 MPa
Poisson's Ratio ν = 0.3 ( Other, AN, Title of Reference, Publication, 20XX )
Width of Supporting Steelwork w = 160 mm ( Other, AN, Title of Reference, Publication, 20XX ) The circumferential bending stress exhibits on the wall of the pipe at about 15 degrees above each of the tips of the saddle.
Angle of Saddle θ = 90 Deg ( Other, AN, Title of Reference, Publication, 20XX )
Piping Modulus of Elasticity E = 160 GPa ( Other, AN, Title of Reference, Publication, 20XX )
DETERMINE THE CRITICAL CIRCUMFERENTIAL BENDING STRESS

PROCEDURE σcr = 0.07 * E * 1000 * t / ( 0.5 * d )
= 0.07 * 160 * 1000 * 12.3 / ( 0.5 * 609.6 )
1. Determine the Contact Line Stress = 452 MPa
2. Determine the Saddle Support Stress
3. Determine the Critical Circumferential Bending Stress
REFERENCES

DETERMINE THE CONTACT LINE STRESS 1. ASME B16.10M - Welded and Seamless Wrought Steel Pipe, 2010
2. Young, W - Roark's Formulas for Stress & Strain, 7th Edition, 2002
Given the pipe diameter, schedule, wall thickness, the corrosion allowance and the permissible under tolerance: 3. MW Kellogg - Design of Piping Systems, 2nd Edition, 1956

Outside Diameter of Pipe d = 609.6 mm
Corroded Pipe Thickness t = 12.3 mm
Mean Radius of Pipe R = 298.65 mm

Volume per unit length Mass per Unit Length of Fluid Contents

V = π * (di/1000)² * 0.25 mf = V * ρf
= π * 0.585² * 0.25 = 0.269 * 1800
= 0.269 m³ / m = 484.2 kg / m

Area of Pipe Wall Section Mass per Unit Length of Piping Material

A = π * [ (d/1000²) - (di/1000)² ] * 0.25 mp = A * ρp
= π * [ 0.6096² - 0.585² ] * 0.25 = 0.023 * 7850
= 0.023 m² = 180.55 kg / m

Pipe Support Reaction Elasticity Factor

P = [ ( mf + mp ) * L + m ] * g β = [ 12 * ( 1 - ν² ) ]⅛
= [ ( 484.2 + 180.55 ) * 10 + 0 ] * 9.81 = [ 12 * ( 1 - 0.3² ) ]⁰˙¹²⁵
= 65212 N = 1.348

Meridional (Longitudinal) Membrane Stress

σ1 = 0.153 * β³ * P * R⁰˙²⁵ * ( 0.5 * w )ˉ⁰˙⁵ * tˉ¹˙⁷⁵
= 0.153 * 1.348³ * 65212 * 298.65⁰˙²⁵ * ( 0.5 * 160 )ˉ⁰˙⁵ * 12.3ˉ¹˙⁷⁵
= 140.7 MPa

Publicati ● t Corroded Pipe Thickness 12. W . Publicati ● mf Mass per Unit Length of Fluid Contents 484. AN. Publicati ● P Pipe Support Reaction 65212. Title of Reference. Author: PIPING STRESS ANALYSIS .69 MPa Young. Title of Reference. Publicati cm Mill Under Tolerances 0. Title of Reference. AN.0000 mm First Principles ● V Volume per unit length 0.Roark's Formulas for Stress w Width of Supporting Steelwork 160 mm Other. Publicati m Nominal Added Mass Along Pipe Length 0 kg Other.Roark's Formulas for Stress ● σ3 Circumferential Bending Stress 434.02 Young.2690 m³ / m First Principles ρf Density of Fluid Contents 1800 kg / m³ Other.10 1 Determine the Contact Line Stress References DN Nominal Pipe Diameter DN 600 Other. Title of Reference. Publicati ● d Outside Diameter of Pipe 609. AN.125 Other.10 MPa Young.5 MPa Young.Design of Piping Systems .5500 kg / m First Principles L Distance Between Pipe Supports 10 m Other. W .10M .0000 N First Principles ● R Mean Radius of Pipe 298.82 MPa Young. AN.3 Other. AN.3482729758 Young.6500 mm First Principles ν Poisson's Ratio 0. AN. AN. Title of Reference. Title of Reference.0230 m² First Principles ρp Density of Pipe Material 7850 kg / m³ Other. W . W . Publicati ● σcr Critical Circumferential Bending Stress 452 MPa MW Kellogg . AN. Publicati ● k Co-efficient 0.6 mm ASME B16.Roark's Formulas for Stress 2 Determine the Saddle Support Stress References θ Angle of Saddle 90 Deg Other. W . Title of Reference. Publicati SCH Schedule of Pipe SCH 40 Other. Title of Reference.2000 kg / m First Principles ● A Area of Pipe Wall Section 0. Title of Reference. Title of Reference. AN. Publicati ● σ1 Meridional (Longitudinal) Membrane Stress 140.Roark's Formulas for Stress 3 Determine the Critical Circumferential Bending Stress References E Piping Modulus of Elasticity 160 GPa Other. AN. Title of Reference.Welded and Seamles c Corrosion Allowance 3 mm Other. AN.3000 mm First Principles ● di Inside Diameter of Piping 585. W . Title of Reference. Publicati ● mp Mass per Unit Length of Piping Material 180. Publicati ● β Elasticity Factor 1.CONTACT & SADDLE INDUCED STRESS Version: V1. AN.Roark's Formulas for Stress ● σ4 Circumferential Bending Stress 27.Roark's Formulas for Stress ● σ2 Circumferential Membrane Stress 49.

Title of Reference.Roark's Formulas for Stress & Strain.10M .3. 20XX ng. Publication. 2002 Table 13. Publication. Publication.3. 20XX er. 7th Edition. Title of Reference. AN.7. AN. W . AN. 7th Edition. 20XX er.Roark's Formulas for Stress & Strain. Publication.Welded and Seamless Wrought Steel Pipe. Publication. AN. 20XX W Kellogg .Roark's Formulas for Stress & Strain. W . Publication. 20XX er. Note 3 er. 2002 Table 13.3. AN. Publication.Roark's Formulas for Stress & Strain. Title of Reference. 20XX ng. 2002 Table 13. 7th Edition. W . 2010 er. AN. Title of Reference. Publication. AN. 7th Edition.Roark's Formulas for Stress & Strain. Case 8b ng. 2nd Edition. 7th Edition. Case 8b er. 20XX er. Publication. Title of Reference. Case 8b ng. Title of Reference. Title of Reference. Title of Reference.Design of Piping Systems. 20XX er. Title of Reference. Publication. AN. 20XX er.Roark's Formulas for Stress & Strain. AN.7. Title of Reference. er. Publication. 2002 Section 13. 1956 Section 2.3. Title of Reference. Note 3 ng. Case 8b er. 20XX er. W . 2002 Section 13. Title of Reference. W . AN. AN. 7th Edition. 20XX ME B16.3 . Publication. 20XX ng. W . AN. 2002 Table 13.

6.52 15.19 4.48 30.32 1. 7. - DN 25 33.08 .68 3. 6.92 41. - DN 80 88.11 .52 17.97 .85 . 7.05 .87 3.55 .18 12.4 . - DN 32 42.54 6.54 38.19 6. - DN 40 48.19 30.56 4.92 12.TABLE 1 PIPE DIMENSIONS FOR CARBON STEEL & POLYETHYLENE REFERENCE ANSI B36.01 .02 DN 700 711.11 3.47 21.19 4.62 .11 10.54 9.82 29.13 INSIDE DIAMETER: PIPE OD SCH 5S SCH 10S SCH 20 STD SCH 40 SCH 80 SCH 100 SCH 120 DN 15 21. - . .9 2.02 8.38 4.52 9.56 3.54 .52 9. 11. - DN 1000 1016 . .77 .2 .52 12.6 LINING THICKNESS: AND WALL SCHEDULE SCH 40 WALL THICKNESS IS: 17.96 DN 450 457.96 38.6 5.44 DN 300 323. 2.11 3. 3.8 .55 6.09 18.05 .52 17.10 xxxx FOR PIPE DIAMETER: DN 600 OUTSIDE DIAMETER IS: 609. .77 3.52 17.26 DN 250 273 3.6 34.4 .09 18.7 15.35 9.52 17.92 12. 7.47 DN 200 219.1 DN 550 558.77 2.26 21.92 DN 500 508 4.7 9.34 1.57 6.16 5.65 2.87 2.7 DN 150 168.38 3.6 3.48 .82 27.13 DN 125 141. .48 .78 7.16 1.56 .11 7. 5.35 9.3 2.92 9.52 .02 6.92 9.4 4.52 9. 3.91 5.09 26.77 .78 5. 2.65 2.78 7.35 8.1 2.3 2.68 5.3 2.02 2.65 2.7 21.00 MILL UNDER TOLERANCE 0.26 1.4 4. 12. 5.4 1.77 .55 9.65 2.28 DN 600 609.96 4. 3. - DN 100 114.85 3.49 5.92 12.67 1.48 .76 6.77 3.36 34.35 9.79 DN 400 406.52 15.73 .09 28.27 23.77 3. - DN 20 26.7 9.48 .7 9. 14.4 .16 7.52 17.65 2.92 12.27 9.2 4.52 10. - DN 900 914.19 32.96 4.05 23. .92 9.44 25.11 .4 DN 350 355. - DN 65 73.52 14.11 3. 9. - DN 800 812.44 26. 7.77 .52 11.77 3.89 46.65 2. 7.49 7.18 8.7 9.78 7.91 3.48 CORRODED PIPE THICKNESS CORROSION ALLOWANCE 3.31 17. - DN 50 60.05 .8 .13 19.91 . 3.27 15.

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