In the first part of the experiment, we used object at infinity to define the focal length

of the two lenses and used the light passing through the small window of our room that

makes our object at infinity and upon adjusting the lenses, we have observed sharp image

were created and are real and inverted. For the part two of our experiment, we used an object

at a finite distance to identify the focal length through the light source, convex lens and image

screen In this part, we have observed in the lens 1 that the image projected on the screen is

larger than its original image and inverted, but when the lens is closer from the images

screen, the image projected becomes smaller, therefore if the object distance is greater than

the image distance the size of the image projected decreases but when the image distance is

greater than the object distance the image projected is larger, the object and image distance

can have an interchanging values which will yield a similar value for f based on the data we

gathered. In the last part of this activity, we were tasked to determine the focal length using

the graphical technique and it can be observed in the graph that as 1/s decreases, 1/s’

increases therefore 1/s and 1/s’ has an inversely proportional relationship and the focal length

is obtained by using the reciprocal of the intercepts, If we compare the average value of the

focal length gathered by our group to its actual value, it has similar values because we

obtained a percentage error of 1.960% and also by observing, position 1 and 2 that are created

by the line coincides with one another which proves the theory that image and object

distances are really interchangeable or transposable.

From the data we gathered, we have proved that lenses specially the convex lens can

deflect the rays of light and therefore create an image in the screen we were able to

determine focal length's relation to the object and the image is given by the thin lens equation

.in which the focal length is the product’s difference and object’s sum and the lens distance from the image There are two positions of the lens where image formed is sharp these positions are interchangeable and are conjugate and that the magnification of the lens is the ratio of the image height and the object height and is also related to the distances of the object and image from the lens.

you must be a keen observer because in one of the parts of the experiment. But if the value is less than 1. it can be concluded that the image formed is real and inverted. CONCLUSION The goal of the experiment is to determine the focal length of the lens using different location of the object including an infinity object and the graphical method in getting the focal length of a lens. The concave and convex lens can be compare by the image it projects: a concave lens projects a virtual image while the lens projects a real image. Also. we can say that the image magnified is enlarged if the value is more than 1. One can conclude that the convex lens has 2 principal points The values of the image and object distance can be interchanged through this material It can form a virtual erected image or a real inverted image which depends on the values of the distances of the object and focal length. we have proven that the image and object distances are interchangeable. Converging lens is the lens that is most used in this experiment. if the object is outside of the image’s focal length. Also this experiment states the concept of thin lens and light’s refraction from a spherical surface. Magnification can be labeled as the ratio of an image size and it has different properties: an inverted image is indicated by a negative value and if it has a positive value it is upright. . I highly recommend that upon performing this experiment. the image size is reduced Therefore. we observed that the mistake we had was the wrong measurement of the image size. we noticed a discrepancy in some of the values and upon repeating the procedures. Finally.