CARBON AND ITS COMPOUNDS

1. Name the organic compound which can be produced by fermentation of
sugar?
2. Which gas will be evolved if sodium bicarbonate is added to a solution of
tartaric acid?
3. Name the process by which unsaturated oils are converted into saturated
fats?
4. What happens when bromine water is added to ethane? Why?
5. How many covalent bonds are there in ethane?
(1 mark each)
6. What is denatured alcohol? Why is it done?
7. A compound X is used as a preservative in pickles. X can react with ethanol.
(a) Give the chemical reaction?(b) give any one use of this product?
8. An organic compound A is a constituent of antifreeze. The compound on
heating with oxygen forms another compound B which has a molecular
formula C2 H4 O2. Identify A and B. write the chemical equation for the
formation of B?
(2 marks each)
9. What happens when ethanol reacts with (a) Sodium (b) alkaline potassium
permanganate solution? Write the necessary chemical equations?
10.Why does carbon form compounds mainly by covalent bonding? Why do
covalent compounds have low melting and boiling points? What happens
when ethanol burns in air give a balanced equation?
11.What are isomers? Give the name of two isomers of pentane? Give the
electron dot structure of ethane?

(3 marks each)

12. Differentiate b/w esterification and soaponification? Describe an activity
with diagram to explain formation of ester? (5)

An alkene has 4 carbon atoms. 2-methyl propane (b)2. The no. C3H8 belong to the homologous series of (a) alkynes (b) alkenes (c) alkanes (c) cycloalkanes CH3 2. 1-trimethyl propane (d) 2. MCQ Name____________________ 1. Give its molecular formula (a) C4H10 (b) C4H8 (c) C4H6 (d) C4H4 9. The first member of the alkyne homologous series is (a) propyne (b) ethyne (c) methane (d) ethene . 1. The IUPAC name of CH3 – C. Name the functional group present in CH 3COCH3 (a) Alcohol (b) carboxylic acid (c) ketone (d) aldehyde 6. Give the IUPAC name of CH 3COOC2H5 (a) Ethyl ethanoic acid (b) Butanoate (c) Ethyl ethanoate (d) ethyl methyl carboxylic acid 10.2-dimethyl butane (c) 1. 2-methl butane 3. of isomers of pentane is (a) 2 (b) 3 c) 4 (d) 5 4.CH2 – CH3 CH3 (a) 2-ethyl.A + CO2 + H2O (a) CH3COONa (b) CH2(Na)COOH (c) NaOH (d) NaHCO3 8. Identify A in the reaction CH 3COOH + Na2CO3 ----------. Which of the following will undergo addition reaction? (a)CH4 (b) C3H8 (c) C2H6 (d) C2H4 5. Why does carbon form bond mainly by covalent bonding (a) There are 4 electrons in the outermost shell (b) It requires large amount of energy to form C4+ & C4- (c) It shares its valence electrons to complete its octect (d) All the above 7.