TPJC 2017 JC2 SA 2 (Practice Paper Set 08 – Paper 1 Solutions) Syllabus 9758 TPJC 2017 JC2 SA 2 (Practice Paper

Set 08 – Paper 1 Solutions) Syllabus 9758

Solutions:
1(i) 22 + 42 + 62 + … + (2n + 2) 2 2(i) Similar to
a×b = c×a SA1
n +1
= ∑ (2r ) 2 a×b −c×a = 0 question:
r =1
n +1
a × (b + c) = 0 Remember
= 4∑ r 2 ∴ a is parallel to ( b + c ) ⇒ a = k ( b + c ) , k ∈ ℝ to write
r =1
Use given tilde sign
2 results for all
= (n + 1)(n + 2)(2n + 3)
3 vectors
1(ii) n −1 including
∑ (2r + 3) 2
zero
r =0 vector.
n
= ∑ (2r + 1) 2 Observe
r =1 that series
only 2(ii)
= 32 + 52 + … + (2n + 1) 2 B Use the
2 n+2 n +1 consist of
result

JC
= ∑ r − ∑ (2r )
2 2
−1 2
sum of
b b+c from (i) to
r =1 r =1 the square A
1 2 of odd see that
= (2n + 2)(2n + 3)(4n + 5) − (n + 1)(n + 2)(2n + 3) − 1 integers,
O c C point A is
6 3 on the
1 excluding
= (n + 1)(2n + 3)(8n + 10 − 4( n + 2)) − 1 1. diagonal
6 OA: of the
1 rectangle
= (n + 1)(2n + 1)(2n + 3) − 1  bi( b + c )  ( b + c ) as shown
3 a =   in the
n  b+c  b+c
= (4n 2 + 12n + 11) diagram.
3

Alternative Method 1:
n −1

r =0

4
2
n

∑ (2r + 3) = ∑ (2r + 1) = ∑ (4r
r =1

n
= n( n + 1)(2n + 1) + 4   (n + 1) + n
2
n

r =1
2
TP
+ 4r + 1)
This
method
may be
easier:
use AP
=

= 2
2
b + bic
( b + c )i( b + c )
2
b + b ic
b + 2b ic + c
(b + c)

2

Since bic = 0 , (given in the question)
(b + c)

This is a
scalar
6 2 formula b
2

a= (b + c ) (shown) zero.
n n 2 2
= (4n 2 + 6n + 2 + 6n + 6 + 3) = (4n 2 + 12n + 11). b +c
3 3

Alternative Method 2:
n −1 n −1

∑ (2r + 3) = ∑ (4r
r =0
2

r =0
2
+ 12r + 9)

4  n −1 
= (n − 1)(n)(2n − 1) + 12   ( n) + 9 n
6  2 
n n
= (4n 2 − 6n + 2 + 18n − 18 + 9) = (4n 2 + 12n + 11).
3 3

2 3
TPJC 2017 JC2 SA 2 (Practice Paper Set 08 – Paper 1 Solutions) Syllabus 9758 TPJC 2017 JC2 SA 2 (Practice Paper Set 08 – Paper 1 Solutions) Syllabus 9758

3(i)
y
x=4
4(i)
∫ cos mx sin x dx
x=2
1 Use MF26
2∫
= sin ( m + 1) x − sin ( m − 1) x dx
Factor
1
y= 1 1 1  Formula
f ( x) = − cos ( m + 1) x + cos ( m − 1) x 
2  m +1 m −1 
x 1 1 1 
cos ( m − 1) x − cos ( m + 1) x 
2  m − 1
0 3
 1
m +1 
 5, − 
−1  4 y =−1
2
4(ii) π

∫ ( cos 2 x + cos 4x + cos 6x + ... + cos100 x ) sin x dx
0
2
We let
m = 2n
 π
50

= ∑  ∫ 2 cos 2nx sin x dx  as we
0
n =1   notice the
series
3(ii) y  π

1 50   1 2 

JC
x=3 1 involve
y = f '( x)
= ∑
2 n=1   2n − 1
cos ( 2n − 1) x −
2n + 1
cos ( 2n + 1) x
 0  even
  multiple of
1  1
50
( 2n − 1) π − 1 cos ( 2n + 1) π − 1 + 1  x for
= ∑ cos  argument
2 n=1  2n − 1 2 2n + 1 2 2n − 1 2n + 1 of cosine.
y=0 O 5 x
1 1 π 1 3π 1 1
=  cos − cos − +
2 1 2 3 2 1 3
There are
1 3π 1 5π 1 1 two
+ cos − cos − +
3 2 5 2 3 5 different

TP ⋮

1
+

1
1
97
cos

+ cos
99
π 1
97π
2
99π
2

1
− cos
99
1
101
101π
cos
99π
2
101π
2
1 


1
1
97

99
+

+
1
99
1 
101
sets
method of

here
of

differences

= cos − cos −1 +
2 2 101 2 101
1  100 
=−  
2  101 
50
=− (exact)
101

This part of the question is more demanding as you are required to
recognize the use of Method of Differences in this question.

4 5
TPJC 2017 JC2 SA 2 (Practice Paper Set 08 – Paper 1 Solutions) Syllabus 9758 TPJC 2017 JC2 SA 2 (Practice Paper Set 08 – Paper 1 Solutions) Syllabus 9758

y
5(i) By ratio theorem, 6(i) x=1
y=−x y=x−2 Label
OC = (1 − λ ) a + λb equations
of all
OD = (1 − µ ) a + µb asymptotes

Area of the triangle OCD is
1
= OC × OD (− 3, 1) (−1, 1) (1, 1)
2
1 (− 3.24, 0) (0.382, 0) (1.24, 0) (2.62, 0)
= ( (1 − λ ) a + λb ) × ( (1 − µ ) a + µ b ) x
2 (0, −1) (1.93, −1.14)
1
= (1 − λ )(1 − µ )( a × a ) + (1 − λ )( µ )( a × b )
2
+ λ (1 − µ )( b × a ) + λµ ( b × b ) (distributive property)
1

JC
= (1 − λ )( µ )( a × b ) + λ (1 − µ )( b × a ) ( since a × a = 0, b × b = 0 )
2
1 y=x+2
= (1 − λ )( µ )( a × b ) − λ (1 − µ )( a × b ) ( since b × a = −a × b )
2
1 6(ii) Using G.C., (1.93, −1.14)
= ( µ − µλ − λ + µλ )( a × b )
2
1
= µ − λ a×b 6(iii) From sketch, using only the bottom part of C2,
2
x ≤ − 3 or 1 < x ≤ 1.93
1 Shown
= (µ − λ ) a×b (since µ > λ )
2
5(ii) Area of the triangle OCD is
 2   −1
15 2    
=  −   3 × 2 
29 9    
 −1   4 
12 − ( −2 ) 
TP Note:
λ :1 − λ = 2 : 7
µ :1 − µ = 5 : 4

∴λ =
2
9
5
Note:
x ≤ − 3 comes about in consideration of the coordinates of the vertex of the
hyperbola at x = –3.

1  ∴µ =
=  − ( 8 − 1)  9
6 
 4 − ( −3 ) 
 14  2
1   7 
=   6  −1 
−7 =
6   1
7   
7 2 2 7
= 2 + ( −1) + 12 = 6 (exact)
6 6

6 7
TPJC 2017 JC2 SA 2 (Practice Paper Set 08 – Paper 1 Solutions) Syllabus 9758 TPJC 2017 JC2 SA 2 (Practice Paper Set 08 – Paper 1 Solutions) Syllabus 9758

7(a) un = a + ( n − 1) d
(i) 8(a) 1 1
2.68 = 3 + 8d z= −
k + 2i 2 − ki
d = −0.04 k − 2i 2 + ki
= −
7(a) n Note: ( k + 2i )( k − 2i ) ( 2 − ki )( 2 + ki )
(ii)
101 =
2
( 2(3) + ( n − 1)( −0.04 ) ) If n = 101, k − 2i − 2 − ki
some lengths =
202 = 6n − 0.04n 2 + 0.04n k2 + 4
will be k −2 2+k
0.04n 2 − 6.04n + 202 = 0 negative and = 2 − i
k + 4 k2 + 4
n = 50 or n = 101 u76 = 0 .
Since length cannot be negative, n = 50 . 1 k −2 1
Since Re ( z ) = , we have 2 =
13 k + 4 13
7(b) 2.4 = ar 8
13k − 26 = k 2 + 4
(i)
2.4 k 2 − 13k + 30 = 0
a= (1)
r8 ( k − 3)( k − 10 ) = 0

JC
a (1 − r 5 ) Therefore, k = 3 or 10.
= 14.2 (2)
1− r 1 5 1 3
Therefore, z = − i or − i
2.4 13 13 13 26
r8
(1 − r 5 )
= 14.2 8(b) Since all the coefficients of the equation are real, z = −3i is also a root. Take note
1− r Solve using of
2.4 − 2.4r 5 − 14.2r 8 + 14.2r 9 = 0, r ≠1 GC Plysmlt2 ( z − 3i )( z + 3i ) = z 2 3 2
+ 9 is a quadratic factor of 9 z − az + 81z − 9a phrasing.
App or by
Using GC and since r > 0 , r = 0.97246039 sketching the Performing Long Division,

a=

=
2.4
r8
2.4
( 0.97246 )
8
TP
≈ 0.972 (3sf)
graph using
GC

Use 5 s.f. for
intermediate
working
Therefore, the 3rd root is z =

Comments:
9 z 3 − az 2 + 81z − 9a

a
9
.
z2 + 9
= 9z − a

= 3.0008 You may also use other methods taught in our TPJC lecture and tutorials,
and presented in our previous Practice Papers.
7(b) a
S∞ =
(ii) 1− r
3.0008
S∞ =
1 − 0.97246
= 108.96
Maximum cost = 108.96($10)
= $1089.60 < $1100
Therefore, the budget of $1100 is sufficient.

8 9
TPJC 2017 JC2 SA 2 (Practice Paper Set 08 – Paper 1 Solutions) Syllabus 9758 TPJC 2017 JC2 SA 2 (Practice Paper Set 08 – Paper 1 Solutions) Syllabus 9758

9(i) y 10(a)

1 Change window
setting:
y tmax = 30
x (or more)
2
9(ii) dx dy dy cos θ 1 π 3π 5π 7π 9π
= −2 sin θ , = cos θ ⇒ = = − cot θ 2
dθ dθ dx −2sin θ 2

Gradient of normal at parameter θ = 2 tan θ (31.0, 0.846)
x
Equation of normal: y − sin θ = 2 tan θ ( x − 2 cos θ ) O 2π 4π 6π 8π

At P: 0 − sin θ = 2 tan θ ( x − 2cos θ )
3cos θ 3  The ant will be directly below the wheel 5 times.
x= ∴ P =  cos θ , 0 
2 2 

JC
10(b) The possible cartesian coordinates are Where tangents
are horizontal /
At Q: y − sin θ = 2 tan θ ( x − 2 cos θ ) (i) (π , 2) , (3π , 2) , (5π , 2) , (7π , 2) and (9π , 2) . parallel to
y = −3sin θ ∴ Q = ( 0, −3sin θ ) x-axis
10(b) x = t − sin t , y = 1 − cos t ----- (1)
1 3 
Area of triangle OPQ = ( 3sin θ )  cos θ  (ii) dx dy
2 2  = 1 − cos t , = sin t
9 dt dt
= sin θ cos θ
4 d y dy d x sin t
9 = ÷ =

9(iii)
= sin 2θ

sin 2θ = 1 ⇒ 2θ =
8
Area of triangle OPQ is the maximum when sin 2θ = 1
π
2
⇒θ =

Hence maximum area of triangle OPQ is
π
π
4
TP 9
8
units 2 and it occurs
Check that
0 <θ <
π
2
dx dt dt 1 − cos t

Ant is propelled horizontally ⇒

sin t = 0 and cos t ≠ 1
t = 0, π , 2π ,… and t ≠ 0, 2π , 4π ,…
dy
dx
=0

when θ = . ∴ For 0 ≤ t ≤ 30 , t = π ,3π , 5π , 7π ,9π
4
which gives (π , 2) , (3π , 2) , (5π , 2) , (7π , 2) and (9π , 2) when Justify your
9(iv) 3 3 
M =  cos θ , − sin θ  substituted into (1). answers in (i)
4 2 
3 3 10(c) From the graph, the wheel turns 360° every 2π seconds
Let x = cos θ and y = − sin θ
4 2 i.e. 2π radians every 2π seconds
2 2 i.e. 1 radian per second. Given in
4   2 
cos 2 θ + sin 2 θ = 1 ⇒  x  + − y =1 question:
3   3  1 radian per second = rθ = 1×1 = 1 unit arc length
16 2 4 2 radius = 1 unit
The locus of M lies on an ellipse with equation x + y =1 , ∴ The ant needs to crawl at one unit/s along the wheel.
9 9 Obtained from
3 3
0 < x < ,− < y < 0. π
4 2 0 <θ <
2
10 11
TPJC 2017 JC2 SA 2 (Practice Paper Set 08 – Paper 1 Solutions) Syllabus 9758 TPJC 2017 JC2 SA 2 (Practice Paper Set 08 – Paper 1 Solutions) Syllabus 9758

11(i) 1  1
1
 1    2  2
 1  1 11(v) 3 2 y ln( y − 1) [2( y − 1) + 2]ln( y − 1)
Volume = π ∫
2
A = 1   +  2   + 2 n    +  2   + 2 n    + ... Width of 2
( ln( y − 1) ) dy =
n  n   n    n   n 
n y −1 y −1
where
  n −1 n −1
 1  2 ln( y − 1)
3 = 2 ln( y − 1) +
∫ ( ln( y − 1) )
2
... +  2  + 2  
n
dy y −1
  n   n  2

2 3 3 2 y ln( y − 1)
Integration by
1   1 2 n −1    =  y ( ln( y − 1) )  − ∫
1 2 n −1
dy parts
=  2  + + ... +  +  1 + 2 + 2 + ... + 2  
n n n
 2 2 y −1
n   n n n    
3 3 ln( y − 1)
=3 ( ln 2 ) − ∫ 2 ln( y − 1) dy − 2∫
2
(shown) dy
2 2 y −1 Integration by
parts again
11(ii) 1   1 2 n −1  1 2 n −1
  3
A=  2  + + ... +  +  1 + 2 + 2 + ... + 2   ∫
n n n
n   n n n   f '( y )f ( y ) dy
  3
  ( ln( y − 1) ) 
2 2
 3 1
=3 ( ln 2 ) − 2 [ y ln( y − 1) ]2 − ∫ 1+
2 3 3
   1 n   dy  − 2    [ f ( y )]2 
1  2 ( )
 1  2 n − 1   Use GP formula  2 y − 1   2  2 = 
=  (1 + 2 + .... + ( n − 1) ) +   1   2  2
n n  2 n − 1  
2
( 3
)
= 3 ( ln 2 ) − 2 3ln 2 −  y + ln y − 1  2 − ( ln 2 )
2

JC
   
2
  1 
= 2 ( ln 2 ) − 6 ln 2 + 2 [3 + ln 2 − 2]
1  2  (n − 1) Use AP formula
=  

(1 + n − 1)  +  1   2
= 2 ( ln 2 ) − 4 ln 2 + 2
n n  2   n 
  2 − 1  
1 1
= 1− + ∴ Volume = π  2 ( ln 2 ) − 4 ln 2 + 2 
2
n  n1   
n  2 − 1
  ∴ a = 2, b = −4, c = 2

11(vi) Difference
11(iii) Limit of A as n → ∞
= Area of region S
1
= ∫ 2 x + 2 x dx
0

= 2.44 (to 2dp)
TP = 14.202 − π  2 ( ln 2 ) − 4 ln 2 + 2 

= 13.610 (5 s.f.)
2

Also accept: 13.611

Since difference < 15, we do not replace the lathe.

11(iv) y = 2 x + 2 x − 0.5

1 2
Volume = π ∫ ( 2 x + 2 x − 0.5 ) dx 5 s.f. is for (vi)
0

= 14.202 (5 s.f.) later
= 14.2 (3 s.f.) Numerical
Value

12 13