WORKSHEET 2

RULES FOR FINAL SYLLABLES

Rule 4. Notes
Long final A and I¹ O² U, ¹ Except mih, tib, sib, ub, ib, nisĭ, quasĭ. Greek Vocative
As frutrā, dicī, virgō, tū; and Dative, e.g. Irĭ, Iridĭ.
But all are short in final ‘A’, ² Except egŏ, duŏ, modŏ, citŏ; rarely putŏ, origŏ, nesciŏ.
Like mensă, magnă, numină.³ ³ Nominative and Vocative Feminine Singular of Nouns
and Adjectives, also Neuter Plurals, give short ‘ă.’
Rule 5. ⁴ Also ‘ĕs’ in sum and compounds, and a few more.
Long except donĕc, final C,
Short final E and L, D, T. ⁵ Except impār, dispār.
Except those forms like fĕrē, rē,
And Thisbē, mŏnē, mĭsĕrē.

Rule 6.
Long Latin words in ‘As’ and ‘ES’,
But short greek words, and penĕs, segĕs,
With milĕs, comĕs, pedĕs, tegĕs.⁴

Rule 7.
Short final N and final R,
As agmĕn, datŭr, and calcăr.⁵

Exercise 2
Mark final syllables and any others you can.

Orıgo fıerı trıstıa gradu

amare adhuc sımul monet

mensas nubes obses terras

amatur ınstar lacrımas eques

agmen satur ades ımpar

nomına ama regı subıto

Cybele vertıte mone Arcades

semper flumen potes anımal