Energy Conversion Factors

CUBIC FEET (cf) BTUS THERMS

1 cf = 1 cf 1 Btu = 0.001 cf 1 Therm = 100 cf
0.001 Mcf 0.000001 Mcf 0.1 Mcf
0.000001 MMcf 0.000000001 MMcf 0.0001 MMcf
0.000000001 Bcf 1E-12 Bcf 0.0000001 Bcf
1,000 Btu 1 Btu 100000 Btu
1 MBtu 0.001 MBtu 100 MBtu
0.001 MMBtu 0.000001 MMBtu 0.1 MMBtu
0.01 Therm 0.00001 Therm 1 Therm
0.001 Dekatherm 0.000001 Dekatherm 0.1 Dekatherm

1 Mcf = 1000 cf 1 MMBtu = 1000 cf 1 Dekatherm = 1000 cf
1 Mcf 1 Mcf 1 Mcf
0.001 MMcf 0.001 MMcf 0.001 MMcf
0.000001 Bcf 0.000001 Bcf 0.000001 Bcf
1000000 Btu 1,000,000 Btu 1,000,000 Btu
1000 MBtu 1000 MBtu 1000 MBtu
1 MMBtu 1 MMBtu 1 MMBtu
10 Therm 10 Therm 10 Therm
1 Dekatherm 1 Dekatherm 1 Dekatherm

1 Bcf = 1,000,000,000 Cf TO CALCULATE COSTS OF ALTERNATE FUELS OTHER NOTES:
1,000,000 Mcf
1,000 MMcf Cost/Unit The calculations in the above
1 Bcf ----------------- x 1,000,000 = cost per 1,000,000 BTU table are approximations.
1,000,000,000,000 Btu BTU/Unit 1 dekatherm is actually slightly
1,000,000,000 MBtu less than one MMBtu; however
1,000,000 MMBtu Example #1: Cost of Propane on a Per Dekatherm basis for purposes of the above
10,000,000 Therm chart, we have rounded the
1,000,000 Dekatherm \$.70 / Gallon numbers.
---------------------- x 1,000,000 = \$ 7.6484 per 1,000,000 BTU
91,523 BTU/Gal \$ 7.6484 per MMBtu or Dth
HEATING VALUES TABLE
Propane at \$.70/gallon is equal to the burner tip price of \$7.64/dth for natural gas
Electricity 3,413 Btus / Kwh *
Natural Gas 1,000 Btus / cf Example #2: Cost of #2 Oil on a Per Dekatherm basis
Gasoline 125,000 Btus / gallon
#2 Oil 138,500 Btus / gallon \$.60 / Gallon
#4 Oil 145,850 Btus / gallon ---------------------- x 1,000,000 = \$ 4.3321 per 1,000,000 BTU
#6 Oil 153,200 Btus / gallon 138,500 BTU/Gal \$ 4.3321 per MMBtu or Dth
Propane 91,523 Btus / gallon
* Assumes 100% efficiency #2 oil at \$.60/gallon is equal to the burner tip price of \$4.33/dth for natural gas

Prepared by Energy Solutions, Inc. 06/11/2017

000.22 Nat Gas/Dth @ burner tip x 153.000.58 Estimated NYMEX equivalent price \$ 9.450 #4 Oil 145. Balancing (estimated) \$ 0.48 Equivalent Cost per Dekatherm of natural gas at BURNER TIP \$ .40 Estimated pipeline charges (basis): \$ 0.00 Equivalent Cost per Dekatherm of natural gas at BURNER TIP \$ .850 Btus/gallon x 1.11 Equivalent Cost per Gallon of Propane 1.60 Equivalent City Gate Price (NYMEX Plus Basis) \$ 0.000 Btus/Dth Propane: Prices \$ 1.40 Utility Charges (estimated) \$ 12. Dth = Dekatherm Prepared by Energy Solutions.08 Equivalent City Gate Price (NYMEX Plus Basis) \$ 0.Balancing (estimated) \$ 0.25 Equivalent Cost per Gallon of Oil 1.94 Equivalent Cost per Dekatherm of natural gas at BURNER TIP \$ .000 Btus/Dth Note: Burner Tip is equal to the city gate price plus all utility charges.000 Btus/Dth = \$ 8.41 Equivalent City Gate Price (NYMEX Plus Basis) \$ 0.35 #6 Oil 153.850 Btus/Gallon = \$ 0.000 Btus/Dth = \$ 11.80 Equivalent Cost per Gallon of #6 Oil 1.19 Propane 91.50 Estimated balancing per dth: \$ - #2 Oil: Prices \$ 1.10 Nat Gas/Dth @ burner tip x 91.000.81 Equivalent Cost per Dekatherm of natural gas at BURNER TIP \$ .50 Pipeline Transportation (Basis) \$ 12.10 Estimated NYMEX equivalent price \$ 12.00 Nat Gas/Dth @ burner tip x 138.000 Btus/Dth = \$ 9.40 Utility Charges (estimated) \$ 8. Alternate Fuel Price Conversions Estimated utility distribution charges: \$ 0. 06/11/2017 . Balancing (estimated) \$ 0.000.40 Utility Charges (estimated) \$ 9.000 Btus/Dth = \$ 13.50 Pipeline Transportation (Basis) \$ 7.500 Btus/gallon x 1.000. It is that cost at your meter.000.59 #2 Oil 138.523 Btus/Gallon = \$ 1.91 Estimated NYMEX equivalent price \$ 5.Balancing (estimated) \$ 0.200 Btus/Gallon = \$ 0.000.200 Btus/gallon x 1.50 Pipeline Transportation (Basis) \$ 9.000 Btus/Dth #6 Oil: Prices \$ 1.40 Utility Charges (estimated) \$ 11.000.000 Btus/Dth #4 Oil: Prices \$ 1.54 Equivalent City Gate Price (NYMEX Plus Basis) \$ 0.89 Equivalent Cost per Gallon of Oil 1.13 Nat Gas/Dth @ burner tip x 145.50 Pipeline Transportation (Basis) \$ 10.500 Btus/Gallon = \$ 1.04 Estimated NYMEX equivalent price \$ 6. Inc.523 Btus/gallon x 1.

000.000.000.850 Btus/Gallon = 44. 06/11/2017 .491 gallons of #2 oil #4 Oil: Volumes 40.000.500 dekatherms of natural gas x 1.000 gallons of #6 Oil x 153.000 138.660.523 Btus/Gallon = 13.000.860 dekatherms of natural gas x 1.728 dekatherms of natural gas 13.000 dekatherms of natural gas x 1.000 Btus/Dth = 7.000 gallons of #4 Oil x 145.834.000 Btus/Dth = 4.000.523 Btus/Gallon = 151. Alternate Fuel Volume Conversions #2 Oil: Volumes 55.500 Btus/Gallon = 32.000 91.660 dekatherms of natural gas 8.000.200 Btus/Gallon = 52.200 Btus/Gallon = 7.000.000.000.000 153.000 Btus/Dth = 13.437 gallons of propane Prepared by Energy Solutions.000.834 dekatherms of natural gas 6.000 Btus/Dth = 6.860.000.219 gallons of #6 oil Propane: Volumes 150.000.617.000 Btus/Dth = 13.566 gallons of #4 oil #6 Oil: Volumes 50.500.000 145.728.500.500 dekatherms of natural gas x 1.000 1.000 1.000 Btus/Dth = 5.000 gallons of propane x 91.500.000 1.000 Btus/Dth = 8.000.450.000 Btus/Dth = 7.000 gallons of #2 Oil x 138.618 dekatherms of natural gas 4.850 Btus/Gallon = 5.000 1.500 Btus/Gallon = 7.000. Inc.