1 (a) Fig. 1.1 shows seven plant species that are important crops.

B
A

C D E

F
G
not drawn to scale

Fig. 1.1

© UCLES 2015 0610/32/M/J/15

. 1....... Key 1 (a) branched veins on leaves go to 2 (b) parallel veins (not branched) on leaves go to 3 2 (a) leaves divided into leaflets (look like small individual leaves) go to 4 (b) leaves not divided into leaflets go to 5 3 (a) flowers grouped tightly together at the top of the stalk Triticum aestivum (b) flowers grouped loosely together at the top of the stalk go to 6 4 (a) large flowers located at top of stem Solanum tuberosum (b) small flowers located along the stem Glycine max 5 (a) leaves have five lobes Manihot esculenta F (b) leaves have three lobes Ipomoea batatas 6 (a) flowers above youngest leaf Zea mays (b) flowers bend down below youngest leaf Oryza sativa [3] (b) The pattern of the veins on the leaves was used in the key to separate the monocotyledonous crop plants and eudicotyledonous (dicotyledonous) crop plants shown in Fig.... One has been done for you...........1................ State one other feature that could be used to identify monocotyledonous plants from eudicotyledonous plants.............. Write the letter of each species (A to G) in the correct box beside the key. ................................................... © UCLES 2015 0610/32/M/J/15 [Turn over ............. [1] ............. Use the key to identify each species...................

1.1 shows five species of mollusc. A B C D E Fig. Key 1 (a) body is completely or partly covered in a shell go to 2 (b) body is not completely covered or partly covered in a shell Limax flavus 2 (a) shell is attached to rocks by thin threads Mytilus edulis (b) shell is not attached to rocks by thin threads go to 3 3 (a) shell is a spire that comes to a point Buccinum undatum (b) shell is not a spire that comes to a point go to 4 4 (a) animal has tentacles Nautilus pompilius (b) animal has 2 tentacles Planorbis planorbis [3] © UCLES 2015 0610/31/M/J/15 .1 (a) Fig. Write the letter of each species (A to E) in the correct box beside the key.1 Use the key to identify each species. 1.

2 1 Fig.1 © UCLES 2015 0610/33/M/J/15 . 1. A B C D E F not drawn to scale G Fig. 1.1 shows seven different species of amphibian.

back legs are larger than (b) go to 5 the front legs 2 (a) body without legs Gymnopis multiplicata B (b) body with legs which are all of the same size go to 3 3 (a) raised crest along the back of the body Triturus cristatus (b) no crest along the back of the body go to 4 4 (a) gills present Necturus maculosus (b) no gills present Ambystoma tigrinum 5 (a) skin is smooth go to 6 Oreophrynella (b) skin is not smooth quelchii Polypedates 6 (a) digits end in swellings leucomystax (b) digits do not end in round swellings Rana temporaria [3] © UCLES 2015 0610/33/M/J/15 [Turn over . One has been done for you. Key 1 (a) long. with or without legs go to 2 body not long and narrow. (a) Use the key to identify each species. Write the letter of each species (A to G) in the correct box beside the key. narrow body.

12 4 (a) Fig. GRUVDOILQ FDXGDOILQ XSSHU PDQGLEOH ORZHU DQDOILQ PDQGLEOH SHOYLFILQ SHFWRUDOILQ Fig 4. B. C and D.1 shows the structure of a typical fish. A B Haplochromis nyererei Protopterus dolloi C D Salmo trutta Polyodon spathula not drawn to the same scale Fig.2 © UCLES 2015 0610/32/F/M/15 . 4.2 shows four species of freshwater fish. A. 4. 4.1 Fig.

1 fish distinguishing feature A B C D [4] © UCLES 2015 0610/32/F/M/15 [Turn over . 13 Biologists use dichotomous keys to identify different species. 4. Table 4. B. C and D. Describe one visible feature of each species of fish A. 4. that could be used to distinguish it from the other three species in Fig.1 in your answers. Only use descriptions of the features labelled in Fig.1. Write your answers in Table 4.2.

........... 1 .........1 (a) List two features that distinguish bacteria from other groups of organisms.....1 (a) (i) Name the parts of the virus labelled X and Y..................................... 5.. 10 5 Fig.............................................................................................................................................. .....................[3] © UCLES 2014 0610/32/O/N/14 .................................................................................................................................................................................................. X cell membrane of host Y cell Fig.................... 3 ...... 5............................................................... [2] © UCLES 2014 0610/31/O/N/14 5 Fig.......................... Y ........................................................................................... 5............... X ..... 2 ................................................... 2 .............................................................. Lactobacillus bulgaricus......... 5................................[2] (ii) State three ways in which the structure of bacteria differs from the structure of viruses.....1 is a diagram of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)................................................................................... 1 ...... Fig.........1 shows a species of bacterium....................................................................

...................1 shows the nematode... Fig......................................... 1 ...................................................... 5..................... ........... 5................................................................................................... [2] © UCLES 2014 0610/31/M/J/14 ............................... 2 ..........[1] (ii) State two structural features of nematodes................................... Caenorhabditis elegans........5 Fig...........................................................1 (a) (i) State the genus of this nematode.........................

........... ...........................................................................................1............................................... 6..........................................1 (a) State three features of all myriapods that are visible in Fig........................................ 6............................................. 2 ................................... 6......... ........................... not drawn to the same scale............................................. Many myriapods are very small and not easy to identify................................................................... Fig..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 12 6 Myriapods are a group of arthropods that are commonly found in soil habitats in many parts of the world......... ........................................................................................................... 1 ..1 shows four species of myriapod........... Polydesmus Cylindroiulus Scutigera Scolopocryptops denticulatus punctatus coleoptrata sexspinosus Fig................................... 3 ........................... [3] © UCLES 2014 0610/32/M/J/14 ..............................

............................................................................................................. .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... [2] © UCLES 2014 0610/32/M/J/14 [Turn over ................................................................................................ [1] (ii) Suggest how DNA barcoding might be useful in the conservation of animals.............................................................................................................................................................. such as myriapods............................................................ ............................................................................................................................................................ (i) State the part of the cell that contains most of the DNA................................................................. .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................. 1 ..................................................... ............................................................................................. ... ........................................ 13 (b) Describe three features of myriapods that could be used to make a dichotomous key to distinguish between the four species in Fig....................................................................................................... [3] (c) Mitochondria are cell structures that contain a small quantity of DNA.......................................................... 6..................................................... ...................................................... Scientists are sequencing the DNA of one particular gene in mitochondria to help identify different species of many animals including myriapods........................................................................................................................................... ..........................1............................................ ................ 3 .......................................................... ...... [2] (iii) State the function of DNA in cells.................................................................................................... ............................................................................................................................................................... ................. ..... 2 ................................................................. The sequences that they find are called ‘barcodes’...............

.................. brefeldianum were sexual spores......... recently it was recognised that the spores of P..................................................................................................................................................... (a) State how DNA analysis can show that P............. dodgei and E.................................................................................................. ..................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................[2] ..........................[2] 3 (a) Define the term sensitivity.......................................................................................................................................................................................... ............................................................................................................. ............ ............................. However. ........ .............................. ............................ .. ....................... © UCLES 2014 0610/33/M/J/14 .............. while those of E. brefeldianum are the same species................................. A comparison of the DNA of these two fungi shows that they are the same species....... 2 1 Fungi were often classified as different species according to their visible reproductive structures............. dodgei were asexual spores................................................................. Penicillium dodgei and Eupenicillium brefeldianum were classified as different species because they had different types of spores..................................................................................... This fungus is now known as Penicillium brefeldianum.

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