000 people have died from heat related illnesses. 30. 26-Apr-2016 2 . sa • INTRODUCTION – Since 1936. – Heat related injuries seem to occur often with the elderly. – On the average. people who are not in good physical condition. 384 people die each year from heat stroke. or acclimatized to the heat. according to the National Safety Council.

work and exercise. whether it is the hot sun or a hot room.the body generates heat through the digestion of food. GENERATION OF BODY HEAT • There are two main ways in which our bodies produce heat: Metabolic Heat .body absorbs heat from the surrounding environment. Environmental Heat . 26-Apr-2016 3 .

process which occurs when a liquid changes into a vapor.THE BODY’S COOLING SYSTEM • There are three methods in which our bodies can be cooled. 26-Apr-2016 4 .heat is naturally emitted from the body surface. Radiation . Evaporation .is the transfer of heat through the circulation of air. Convection .

the biological process through which our bodies adapt to the environment -- basically getting used to the heat. CONDITIONS AFFECTING THE COOLING SYSTEM • Acclimation .moving air speeds the evaporation process. • Air Movement .heat flows from warmer objects to cooler objects. 26-Apr-2016 5 . • Air Temperature .

CONDITIONS AFFECTING THE COOLING SYSTEM • Humidity .the amount of water vapor in the air affects the rate of evaporation. 26-Apr-2016 6 .the type of clothing affects the amount of heat our bodies absorb and retain. • Clothing .

26-Apr-2016 7 . – This condition produces a rash which in some cases causes severe pain.also known as Prickly Heat. occurs in hot.HEAT RELATED HEALTH PROBLEMS • Heat Rash . – The procedures to prevent or minimize this condition is to rest frequently in cool places and bath regularly ensuring to thoroughly dry the skin. humid environments where sweat can't easily evaporate from the skin.

– This condition usually precedes heat exhaustion. sodium and potassium. the arms and legs. 26-Apr-2016 8 .HEAT RELATED HEALTH PROBLEMS • Heat Cramps .painful muscle spasms that result from the loss of salt and electrolytes due to excessive sweating. – This condition can be treated by drinking fluids containing electrolytes such as calcium. – The cramps will usually affect the stomach.

Their skin is clammy and moist. but they experience extreme weakness and may even collapse. – They may experience nausea and headache. 26-Apr-2016 9 . elevating the feet and giving the individual plenty of fluids.HEAT RELATED HEALTH PROBLEMS • Heat Exhaustion .is a state brought on by the loss of fluids lost during excessive sweating. – This condition is best treated by taking the patient to a cool place. – Individuals with heat exhaustion still sweat. applying cool compresses. their complexion is usually pale and the body temperature is usually normal or slightly higher.

their pulse will be high and their blood pressure will fall.HEAT RELATED HEALTH PROBLEMS • Heat Stroke . – This condition must be treated by immediately cooling the victim's body with water or wrapping them in cool wet sheets. – An individual suffering from heat stroke will have hot and dry skin. – Heat stroke results when the body's core temperature gets too high and the body is no longer able to cool itself. 26-Apr-2016 10 .is a severe medical emergency which could result in death. Immediately seek medical attention.

accustom yourself to the weather prior to long durations of physical activity. 26-Apr-2016 11 . • Maintain Body Fluids . which increases dehydration and can interfere with heat loss.Fluid intake must be maintained throughout the course of physical activity. – Do not rely on thirst as an indicator of dehydration because your body loses water faster than you realize. PREVENTING HEAT-RELATED HEALTH PROBLEMS • Acclimation . – Alcohol should be avoided because it is a diuretic.

PREVENTING HEAT-RELATED HEALTH PROBLEMS • Proper Diet – Eat light and stay away from heavy foods.Pace your work activities at a slower rate during high temperatures and take frequent rest periods in a shaded area and drink plenty of fluids. Rest Periods . Eat smaller. They increase metabolic heat production and also increase water loss. well- balanced meals more often. 26-Apr-2016 12 .

light- colored clothing reflects heat and sunlight and helps your body maintain normal temperatures. PREVENTING HEAT-RELATED HEALTH PROBLEMS • Dress Light – Lightweight. • Wide brimmed hats should also be worn. 26-Apr-2016 13 . • Wear loose-fitting clothes such as cotton which lets air move over your body.

HOW HOT IS IT? fg 26-Apr-2016 14 .

Relative Humidity b 31-Mar-02 15 .

SUGGESTED HEAT WORK PROCEDURES Temperature Danger Category Heat Syndrome Procedures > 130 Extreme Danger Heat Stroke Imminent When the heat index is in this zone employees in the affected area should be dismissed 105 .90 Caution Fatigue Possible Normal work day.129 Danger Heat Cramps or heat exhaustion When the heat index is in this likely. Critical work activities shall be evaluated and schedule changes of affected employees should be made. Non critical work prolonged exposure and activity activities should be suspended. Specific approval must be granted for working under extreme heat conditions 77 . Management must specifically approve employees working in heat index danger areas 91 . no alerts posted 26-Apr-2016 16 .104 Extreme Caution Heat cramps or heat exhaustion When the heat index is in this possible with prolonged exposure zone management shall and activity discuss the situation with supervisors and make schedule/work adjustments to accommodate for the heat. Heat Stroke possible with zone.

Any Questions 26-Apr-2016 17 .

Break 26-Apr-2016 18 .

CONTRACTOR SAFETY CONTRACTOR SAFETY BEHAVIOR OBSERVATION CHECKLIST BEHAVIOR OBSERVATION REPORT "All field Project Management personnel shall complete this 19 CSBOR # : form weekly. Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) "Are contractor employees wearing and property using approved PPE in good condition for: Head INTERNAL SBO FORM Ears Eyes ⃝ Stop Work Face Contractor Area Supervisor's Company ID/Badge #: Observer Name: Respiratory Protection Record Corrective Actions Taken or Requested: Hands Immediate Corrective Action(s) Taken: Body ⃝ Written Feet Contract/BI Number: Contractor Safety Observation Report 2. describe below) 4. Mark each observation item: N/A if Not Applicable 0 if Non-Compliant 1 if Needs Improvement 2 if Compliant 1. Observe quietly. Tools and Equipment Correct for the job Contractor Area Supervisor: Describe Key Observations: Used Properly Observer's Signature: Contractor Company: Work Location Area: Safe Condition Observer Name: 5. as a minimum and retain in the project records". Rules and Procedures Procedures Developed Procedures Known And Understood Procedures Followed Supervisor at Work Activity Certified/Competent Work Activity Personnel Approved Safety Officer on Site ⃝ Yes ⃝ No (If yes. Housekeeping Good Housekeeping Maintained 26-Apr-2016 . Position of People Observation Date: "Do contractor employees maintain safe positions to prevent: Falls ⃝ Verbal Title: Overexertion Striking Against/Struck By Caught Between Objects Intake/Contact With Hazardous Substance Badge #: Contact With Hot/Cold Surface Contact With Electric Current Were Any Oberservations Considered Immediately Dangerous to Life or Health (IDLH)? 3.