# Lecture 2

Review of Basic Electrical and
Magnetic Circuit Concepts
Mohan Chapter 3:

Copyright © 2003 by John Power Electronics Aut 2014 Lec 2 1
Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Symbols and Conventions

• Symbols
• Polarity of Voltages; Direction of Currents
• MKS SI units

Copyright © 2003 by John Power Electronics Aut 2014 Lec 2 2
Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Inc. . Sinusoidal Steady State Copyright © 2003 by John Power Electronics Aut 2014 Lec 2 3 Wiley & Sons.

Three-Phase Circuit Copyright © 2003 by John Power Electronics Aut 2014 Lec 2 4 Wiley & Sons. . Inc.

. Inc. Steady State in Power Electronics Copyright © 2003 by John Power Electronics Aut 2014 Lec 2 5 Wiley & Sons.

. Fourier Analysis Copyright © 2003 by John Power Electronics Aut 2014 Lec 2 6 Wiley & Sons. Inc.

Distortion in the Input Current • Voltage is assumed to be sinusoidal • Subscript “1” refers to the fundamental • The angle is between the voltage and the current fundamental Copyright © 2003 by John Power Electronics Aut 2014 Lec 2 7 Wiley & Sons. Inc. .

Phasor Representation Copyright © 2003 by John Power Electronics Aut 2014 Lec 2 8 Wiley & Sons. . Inc.

Inc. Response of L and C Copyright © 2003 by John Power Electronics Aut 2014 Lec 2 9 Wiley & Sons. .

Inductor Voltage and Current in Steady State • Volt-seconds over T equal zero. Inc. Copyright © 2003 by John Power Electronics Aut 2014 Lec 2 10 Wiley & Sons. .

. Inc. Capacitor Voltage and Current in Steady State • Amp-seconds over T equal zero. Copyright © 2003 by John Power Electronics Aut 2014 Lec 2 11 Wiley & Sons.

Inc. Ampere’s Law • Direction of magnetic field due to currents • Ampere’s Law: Magnetic field along a path Copyright © 2003 by John Power Electronics Aut 2014 Lec 2 12 Wiley & Sons. .

Inc. . Direction of Magnetic Field Copyright © 2003 by John Power Electronics Aut 2014 Lec 2 13 Wiley & Sons.

Saturation • Definition of permeability Copyright © 2003 by John Power Electronics Aut 2014 Lec 2 14 Wiley & Sons. . B-H Relationship. Inc.

Inc. . Continuity of Flux Lines φ1 + φ2 + φ3 = 0 Copyright © 2003 by John Power Electronics Aut 2014 Lec 2 15 Wiley & Sons.

Concept of Magnetic Reluctance • Flux is related to ampere-turns by reluctance Copyright © 2003 by John Power Electronics Aut 2014 Lec 2 16 Wiley & Sons. . Inc.

Inc. Analogy between Electrical and Magnetic Variables Copyright © 2003 by John Power Electronics Aut 2014 Lec 2 17 Wiley & Sons. .

. Analogy between Equations in Electrical and Magnetic Circuits Copyright © 2003 by John Power Electronics Aut 2014 Lec 2 18 Wiley & Sons. Inc.

Inc. . Magnetic Circuit and its Electrical Analog Copyright © 2003 by John Power Electronics Aut 2014 Lec 2 19 Wiley & Sons.

Faraday’s Law and Lenz’s Law Copyright © 2003 by John Power Electronics Aut 2014 Lec 2 20 Wiley & Sons. Inc. .

Inc. Inductance L • Inductance relates flux-linkage to current Copyright © 2003 by John Power Electronics Aut 2014 Lec 2 21 Wiley & Sons. .

Analysis of a Transformer Copyright © 2003 by John Power Electronics Aut 2014 Lec 2 22 Wiley & Sons. . Inc.

Transformer Equivalent Circuit Copyright © 2003 by John Power Electronics Aut 2014 Lec 2 23 Wiley & Sons. . Inc.

Including the Core Losses Copyright © 2003 by John Power Electronics Aut 2014 Lec 2 24 Wiley & Sons. . Inc.

Inc. Transformer Core Characteristic Copyright © 2003 by John Power Electronics Aut 2014 Lec 2 25 Wiley & Sons. .