# A stationary gas-turbine power plant operates on a simple ideal Brayton cycle with air as the

working fluid. The air enters the compressor at 95 kPa and 290 K and the turbine at 760 kPa and
1100 K. Heat is transferred to air at a rate of 35,000 kJ/s. Determine the power delivered by this
plant (a) assuming constant specific heats at room temperature and (b) accounting for the
variation of specific heats with temperature.

A stationary gas-turbine power plant operates on a simple ideal Brayton cycle with air as the
working fluid. The power delivered by this plant is to be determined assuming constant and
variable specific heats.
Assumptions
2 The air-standard assumptions are applicable.
3 Kinetic and potential energy changes are negligible.
4 Air is an ideal gas.
Analysis
(a) Asumsi panas spesifik konstan ,
P2
P1
¿
¿
T 2 s=T 1 ¿

8
¿
¿
T 2 s= 290 K ) ¿
(
P4
P3
¿
¿
T 4 s=T 3 ¿

1
8
¿
¿
T 2 s=( 1100 K ) ¿

1

431 ( 1161. T 1 =290 K h1= 290.38488 h2=526.12 kJ /kg P¿ T 3 =1100 K h3= 1161.16 kJ/kg Pr1= 1.07−526.37−290.2 K −290 K ) ηth =1− =0.448 ( 1100 K −525. q out C p ( T 4−T 1 ) ( T 4 −T 1 ) ηth =1− =1− =1− q¿ C p ( T 3−T 2 ) ( T 3−T 2 ) ( 607.16 ) ηth =1− =0.448 )´(35000 kW )=15680 kW ¿´ (b) Assuming variable specific heats (Table A-17).37 kJ /kg P¿ q out ( h4 −h1 ) ηth =1− =1− q¿ ( h3 −h2 ) ( 651.1 P4 r 4=¿= P P3 r 3 P¿ r 2=¿= ( 18 )( 167.1 )=20.11 ) 2 .2311 P2 r 2=¿= P P1 r 1 P¿ r 2=¿=( 8 ) ( 1.89 h4 =651.2311 )=9.3 K ) Ẃ net .out =¿ ηth Q́¿ =( 0.07 kJ/kg Pr3= 167.

When assuming variable specific heats. the properties of air are obtained from Table A-17.005 kJ/kg. the properties of air at room temperature are cp = 1. Properties When assuming constant specific heats. 3 Kinetic and potential energy changes are negligible.4 (Table A-2a). Heat is transferred to air from an external source at a rate of 75. 2 Air is an ideal gas. Assumptions 1 The air standard assumptions are applicable.431 )´(35000 kW )=15085 kW ´¿ A stationary gas-turbine power plant operates on an ideal regenerative Brayton cycle (€ = 100 percent) with air as the working fluid. Penyelesaian : A stationary gas-turbine power plant operating on an ideal regenerative Brayton cycle with air as the working fluid is considered. The power delivered by this plant is to be determined for two cases.000 kJ/s. 3 .K and k = 1. Ẃ net . Determine the power delivered by this plant(a) assuming constant specific heats for air at room temperature and (b) accounting for the variation of specific heats with temperature.out =¿ ηT Q́¿ =( 0. Analysis (a) Assuming constant specific heats. Air enters the compressor at 95 kPa and 290 K and the turbine at 760 kPa and 1100 K.

out =¿ ηT Q́ ¿ =( 0.3 K −290 K ) ηth =1− =0. T 1 =290 K h1= 290.5225 ( 1100 K −607. P2 P1 ¿ ¿ T 2 =T 1 ¿ 8 ¿ ¿ T 2 = 290 K ) ¿ ( P4 P3 ¿ ¿ T 4=T 3 ¿ 1 8 ¿ ¿ T 2 =( 1100 K ) ¿ ε = 100 % T 5 =T 4=607.2 K ) Ẃ net .2311 4 .5225´) (75000 kW )=39188 kW ´¿ (b) Assuming variable specific heats.2 K dan T 6 =T 2=525.16 kJ/kg Pr1= 1.3 K q out C p ( T 6−T 1 ) ( T 6−T 1) ηth =1− =1− =1− q¿ C p ( T 3−T 5 ) ( T 3 −T 5 ) ( 525.

5371´) (75000 kW )=40283 kW ´¿ 5 . P2 r 2=¿= P P1 r 1 P¿ r 2=¿=( 8 ) ( 1.3 K q out ( h6 −h1 ) ηth =1− =1− q¿ ( h3−h5 ) ( 526.07 kJ/kg Pr3= 167.12 kJ /kg P¿ T 3 =1100 K h3= 1161.07−651.8488 h2=526.1 P4 r 4=¿= P P3 r 3 P¿ r 4=¿= ( 18 )( 167.2311 )=9.1 )=20.out =¿ ηT Q́ ¿ =( 0.37 ) Ẃ net .89 h4 =651.37 kJ /kg P¿ ε = 100 % T 5 =T 4=607.16 ) ηth =1− =0.2 K dan T 6 =T 2=525.12−290.5371 ( 1161.

806 kJ/kg·K. cv = 0.093 kJ/kg·K. The isentropic efficiency of the compressor. the net power output. Answer : A gas-turbine plant uses diesel fuel and operates on simple Brayton cycle. R = 0. Treating the combustion gases as air and using constant specific heats at 500°C. Analysis (a) The isentropic efficiency of the compressor may be determined if we first calculate the exit temperature for the isentropic case 6 . determine (a) the isentropic efficiency of the compressor.357 (Table A-2b). 2 Kinetic and potential energy changes are negligible. Assumptions 1 The air-standard assumptions are applicable. A diesel fuel with a heating value of 42. 3 Air is an ideal gas with constant specific heats.000 kJ/kg is burned in the combustion chamber with an air–fuel ratio of 60 and a combustion efficiency of 97 percent. (c) the thermal efficiency.6 kg/s and leaves at 260°C. (b) the net power output and the back work ratio. Properties The properties of air at 500ºC = 773 K are cp = 1.287 kJ/kg·K. and the second-law efficiency are to be determined. and (d) the second-law efficiency. Combustion gases leave the combustion chamber and enter the turbine whose isentropic efficiency is 85 percent. the back work ratio. and k = 1. the thermal efficiency. Air enters the compressor at 30°C at a rate of 12.A gas-turbine power plant operates on the simple Brayton cycle between the pressure limits of 100 and 700 kPa.

6 kg / s + =12.21 kg /s)( 42000 kJ /kg)(0.6−303 ) ηC = =0. P2 P1 ¿ ¿ T 2 s=T 1 ¿ 700 kPa 100 kPa ¿ ¿ T 2 =( 303 K ) ¿ ( T 2 s−T 1 ) ηC = ( T 2 −T 1 ) ( 505.6 kg /s+ 0.97)=8555 kW The temperature at the exit of combustion chamber is 7 .21 kg/ s=12.6 kg/ s ḿa=12.881 ( 533−303 ) (b) The total mass flowing through the turbine and the rate of heat input are ḿa ḿa=ḿa + ḿf =ḿa + AF 12.81 kg /s 60 Q́¿ =ḿf q HV ηc Q́¿ =(0.

4 K The net power and the back work ratio are C .out =(12.093 kJ /kg .∈¿=ḿ a C P ( T 2−T 1) Ẃ ¿ C .7 ) K T 4=754. K) ( 1144−754.6 K ) T 3 =1144 K The temperature at the turbine exit is determined using isentropic efficiency relation P4 P3 ¿ ¿ T 4 s=T 3 ¿ 100 kPa 700 kpa ¿ ¿ T 4 s= (1144 K ) ¿ ( T 3−T 4 ) ηT = ( T 3 −T 4 s ) ( 1144−T 4 ) K 1144 K = =0.81 kg /s)(1. K ) ( T 3−505. Q́¿ =ḿC P ( T 3−T 2 ) 8555 kW =(12.093 kJ /kg .6 kg / s)(1.∈¿=(12.81 kg/ s)(1.881 (1144 −685.093 kJ /kg .4 ) K =5455 kW 8 .out = ḿC P ( T 3 −T 4 ) Ẃ T . K ) (533−303 ) K=3168 kW Ẃ ¿ Ẃ T .

267 8555 kJ /s 9 . C .∈¿ Ẃ net =Ẃ T .out −Ẃ ¿ Ẃ net =5455 kW −3168 kW =2287 kW Ẃ C . out r bw =¿ 3168 kW r bw = =0.∈¿ Ẃ T .581 5455 kW (c) The thermal efficiency is Ẃ net ηth = Q́¿ 2287 kW ηth = =0.